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Transforming acidic coiled-coil proteins

Maria Luiza S Mello, Eli Heber M Dos Anjos, Benedicto de Campos Vidal, Jerome G Rozen
A previous study has not revealed the participation of a mucous component in the cocoon wall of the solitary bee, Lithurgus chrysurus, differing from the cocoon structure reported for many other bee species. However, uncertainty remains, because only the median and rear zones of this cocoon type have thus far been analyzed. Here, we studied the front zone of this cocoon, searching its components and their organization, to fill this knowledge gap. Topochemical assays, polarization microscopy and Fourier transform-infrared (FT-IR) microspectroscopy were used to study cross sections from L...
November 2016: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
Xiaojun Zhu, Qianqian Cao, Xia Li, Zhengping Wang
The insufficient invasion of trophoblasts is known to be correlated with the development of preeclampsia. Transforming acidic coiled‑coil protein 3 (TACC3), a member of the TACC domain family, is important in the regulation of cell differentiation, migration and invasion. However, the role of TACC3 in trophoblast function during placental development remains to be fully elucidated. The present study aimed to determine the expression and function of TACC3 in human placenta and to examine the underlying mechanisms...
October 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Erin L Rutherford, Leslie Carandang, Patrick T Ebbert, Alexandra N Mills, Jackson T Bowers, Laura Anne Lowery
Microtubule dynamics is regulated by plus end-tracking proteins (+TIPs), which localize to the plus ends of microtubules (MTs). We previously showed that TACC1 and TACC3, members of the transforming acidic coiled-coil protein family, can act as +TIPs to regulate MT dynamics in Xenopus laevis Here we characterize TACC2 as a +TIP that localizes to MT plus ends in front of EB1 and overlapping with TACC1 and TACC3 in multiple embryonic cell types. We also show that TACC2 can promote MT polymerization in mesenchymal cells but not neuronal growth cones, thus displaying cell-type specificity...
October 15, 2016: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Lorenzo Alibardi
The evolution of the process of cornification in amniote epidermis from the general process of keratinization present in simple epithelia of anamniotes took place through the evolution of specialized intermediate filament (α) keratins, keratin-associated proteins (KAPs) and corneous proteins (CPs). The scanty information on the three-dimensional conformation of known KAPs and CPs indicate these proteins contain α-helix, random coiled, or beta sheets with different lengths and organizations. CP genes originated in a chromosome locus indicated as epidermal differentiation complex (EDC), and transformed the epidermal keratinization of anamniotes into the cornified epidermis and skin appendages of amniotes (claws, beaks, and feathers)...
September 2016: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part B, Molecular and Developmental Evolution
Frederick A Jakobiec, Anna M Stagner, Nahyoung Grace Lee
A 24-year-old man with a painful, recurrent left upper eyelid nodule underwent an excision. Histopathologic evaluation disclosed a granulomatous process, most likely in response to a ruptured epidermoid cyst. In the vicinity of the nodule were multiple eccrine sweat glands displaying a curious clear-cell appearance in the adlumenal cells, the first example of such a phenomenon in the eyelids. Alcian blue, periodic acid Schiff, and documented staining failed to disclose, respectively, any cytoplasmic mucosubstances, glycogen accumulation, or lipid in the adlumenal secretory cells...
July 21, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Yoshiaki Onodera, Kiyoshi Takagi, Yasuhiro Miki, Ken-Ichi Takayama, Yukiko Shibahara, Mika Watanabe, Takanori Ishida, Satoshi Inoue, Hironobu Sasano, Takashi Suzuki
Transforming acidic coiled-coil protein 2 (TACC2) belongs to TACC family proteins and involved in a variety of cellular processes through interactions with some molecules involved in centrosomes/microtubules dynamics. Mounting evidence suggests that TACCs is implicated in the progression of some human malignancies, but significance of TACC2 protein in breast carcinoma is still unknown. Therefore, in this study, we examined the clinical significance of TACC2 in breast carcinoma and biological functions by immunohistochemistry and in vitro experiments...
August 2016: Cancer Medicine
Haiping Song, Chunping Liu, Na Shen, Pengfei Yi, Fang Dong, Xueqin Li, Ning Zhang, Tao Huang
Increasing evidences suggest that transforming acidic coiled-coil protein 3 (TACC3) is associated with various types of human cancer. However, the expression of TACC3 in breast cancer tissues remains largely unknown. To identify whether TACC3 can serve as a biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of breast cancer, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blotting, and immunohistochemistry staining were utilized to detect the expression of TACC3. The mRNA and protein levels of TACC3 in breast cancer samples were novelty higher compared with nontumorous breast tissues...
June 2, 2016: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Yong Du, Lili Liu, Chenliang Wang, Bohua Kuang, Shumei Yan, Aijun Zhou, Chuangyu Wen, Junxiong Chen, Yue Wu, Xiangling Yang, Guokai Feng, Bin Liu, Aikichi Iwamoto, Musheng Zeng, Jianping Wang, Xing Zhang, Huanliang Liu
Colorectal carcinoma (CRC) is a malignant epithelial tumour with tremendous invasion and metastatic capacity. Transforming acidic coiled-coil protein-3 (TACC3), a frequently aberrantly expressed oncogene, is an important biomarker in various human cancers. Our study aimed to investigate the expression and function of TACC3 in human CRC. We found that TACC3 was over-expressed at both the mRNA and protein levels in CRC cells and in biopsies of CRC tissues compared with normal controls as determined by qRT-PCR, western blot and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining assays...
May 26, 2016: Oncotarget
K Elavarasan, B A Shamasundar, Faraha Badii, Nazlin Howell
The angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity and structural properties of oven-dried (OD-FPH) and freeze-dried (FD-FPH) protein hydrolysates derived from fresh water fish (Cirrhinus mrigala) muscle, using papain, were investigated. Amino acid profiles indicated a higher proportion of hydrophobic residues in OD-FPH and hydrophilic residues in FD-FPH samples. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra revealed random coil structure in OD-FPH and β-sheet in FD-FPH samples. The approximate molecular weight of peptides in OD-FPH and FD-FPH was in the range of 7030-339Da...
September 1, 2016: Food Chemistry
Lisa Fish, Nora Pencheva, Hani Goodarzi, Hien Tran, Mitsukuni Yoshida, Sohail F Tavazoie
Post-transcriptional deregulation is a defining feature of metastatic cancer. While many microRNAs have been implicated as regulators of metastatic progression, less is known about the roles and mechanisms of RNA-binding proteins in this process. We identified muscleblind-like 1 (MBNL1), a gene implicated in myotonic dystrophy, as a robust suppressor of multiorgan breast cancer metastasis. MBNL1 binds the 3' untranslated regions (UTRs) of DBNL (drebrin-like protein) and TACC1 (transforming acidic coiled-coil containing protein 1)-two genes that we implicate as metastasis suppressors...
February 15, 2016: Genes & Development
Katelyn N Nelson, April N Meyer, Asma Siari, Alexandre R Campos, Khatereh Motamedchaboki, Daniel J Donoghue
UNLABELLED: Fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFR) are critical for cell proliferation and differentiation. Mutation and/or translocation of FGFRs lead to aberrant signaling that often results in developmental syndromes or cancer growth. As sequencing of human tumors becomes more frequent, so does the detection of FGFR translocations and fusion proteins. The research conducted in this article examines a frequently identified fusion protein between FGFR3 and transforming acidic coiled-coil containing protein 3 (TACC3), frequently identified in glioblastoma, lung cancer, bladder cancer, oral cancer, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, gallbladder cancer, and cervical cancer...
May 2016: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Sheng Wu, Xingang Yu, Auwalu Yusuf Abdullahi, Wei Hu, Weida Pan, Xianli Shi, Liping Tan, Meiran Song, Guoqing Li
To study the genetic variation and prokaryotic expression of α18 giardin gene of Giardia lamblia zoonotic assemblage A and host-specific assemblage F, the α18 genes were amplified from G. lamblia assemblages A and F by PCR and sequenced. The PCR product was cloned into the prokaryotic expression vector pET-28a(+) and the positive recombinant plasmid was transformed into Escherichia coli Rosetta (DE3) strain for the expression. The expressed α18 giardin fusion protein was validated by SDS-PAGE and Western blot analysis, and purified by Ni-Agarose resin...
March 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Chellasamy Panneerselvam, Kadarkarai Murugan, Mathath Roni, Al Thabiani Aziz, Udaiyan Suresh, Rajapandian Rajaganesh, Pari Madhiyazhagan, Jayapal Subramaniam, Devakumar Dinesh, Marcello Nicoletti, Akon Higuchi, Abdullah A Alarfaj, Murugan A Munusamy, Suresh Kumar, Nicolas Desneux, Giovanni Benelli
Malaria remains a major public health problem due to the emergence and spread of Plasmodium falciparum strains resistant to chloroquine. There is an urgent need to investigate new and effective sources of antimalarial drugs. This research proposed a novel method of fern-mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNP) using a cheap plant extract of Pteridium aquilinum, acting as a reducing and capping agent. AgNP were characterized by UV-vis spectrophotometry, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and X-ray diffraction (XRD)...
March 2016: Parasitology Research
Yuanyuan Che, Yinghu Lu, Xiangdong Zha, Huoqing Huang, Peilong Yang, Lijuan Ma, Xuejiao Xu
G13 is a 19-residue cationic antimicrobial peptide derived from granulysin. In order to achieve high-level expression of G13 in Escherichia coli cells, and to reduce downstream processing costs, we introduced an Asp-Pro acid labile bond between the His-Patch thioredoxin and G13 and constructed the recombinant plasmid pThiohisA-DP-G13. The plasmid was transformed into E. coli BL21 (DE3). After induction with isopropyl-β-d-thiogalactopyranoside for 5 h, the fusion protein accumulated up to 200 mg/L in soluble form...
March 2016: Protein Expression and Purification
Priyanka Dubey, Sumit Murab, Sandip Karmakar, Pramit K Chowdhury, Sourabh Ghosh
Controlling the mechanism of self-assembly in proteins has emerged as a potent tool for various biomedical applications. Silk fibroin self-assembly consists of gradual conformational transition from random coil to β-sheet structure. In this work we elucidated the intermediate secondary conformation in the presence of Ca(2+) ions during fibroin self-assembly. The interaction of fibroin and calcium ions resulted in a predominantly α-helical intermediate conformation, which was maintained to certain extent even in the final conformation as illustrated by circular dichroism and attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy...
December 14, 2015: Biomacromolecules
Feng Jiang, Bohua Kuang, Yi Que, Zhirui Lin, Li Yuan, Wei Xiao, Ruiqing Peng, Xiaoshi Zhang, Xing Zhang
The relationship between TACC3, a member of the transforming acidic coiled-coil proteins (TACCs) family, and lung carcinoma remains unclear. The present study was designed to explore the prognostic and clinical significance of TACC3 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). An immunohistochemistry (IHC) assay was performed to analyze the expression of TACC3 in 195 lung cancer cases. The mRNA and protein levels of TACC3 were examined by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR or western blotting. The correlation between TACC3 expression and clinicopathological factors was analyzed by χ2 analysis and Fisher's exact test...
January 2016: Oncology Reports
Lizhen Chen, Marian Chuang, Thijs Koorman, Mike Boxem, Yishi Jin, Andrew D Chisholm
Axon injury triggers a series of changes in the axonal cytoskeleton that are prerequisites for effective axon regeneration. In Caenorhabditis elegans the signaling protein Exchange Factor for ARF-6 (EFA-6) is a potent intrinsic inhibitor of axon regrowth. Here we show that axon injury triggers rapid EFA-6-dependent inhibition of axonal microtubule (MT) dynamics, concomitant with relocalization of EFA-6. EFA-6 relocalization and axon regrowth inhibition require a conserved 18-aa motif in its otherwise intrinsically disordered N-terminal domain...
2015: ELife
Kopperuncholan Namachivayam, Krishnan MohanKumar, Dima Arbach, Ramasamy Jagadeeswaran, Sunil K Jain, Viswanathan Natarajan, Dolly Mehta, Robert P Jankov, Akhil Maheshwari
OBJECTIVE: We have shown previously that preterm infants are at risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), an inflammatory bowel necrosis typically seen in infants born prior to 32 weeks' gestation, because of the developmental deficiency of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β2 in the intestine. The present study was designed to investigate all-trans retinoic acid (atRA) as an inducer of TGF-β2 in intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) and to elucidate the involved signaling mechanisms. METHODS: AtRA effects on intestinal epithelium were investigated using IEC6 cells...
2015: PloS One
Ji Hae Nahm, Haeryoung Kim, Hyejung Lee, Jai Young Cho, Young Rok Choi, Yoo-Seok Yoon, Ho-Seong Han, Young Nyun Park
There is accumulating evidence that hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) expressing "stemness"-related markers, e.g., keratin 19 (K19) and epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM), are associated with aggressive biological behavior. In order to further investigate the molecular characteristics of this subgroup of HCCs, we examined copy number alterations of K19-positive and K19-negative HCCs and found frequent amplifications of the 4p16.3 locus containing the TACC3 gene, which has previously not been described in HCCs...
January 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Dong-Sheng Zhou, Hong-Bo Wang, Zhong-Guo Zhou, Yao-Jun Zhang, Qian Zhong, Li Xu, Yue-Hua Huang, Sai-Ching Yeung, Min-Shan Chen, Mu-Sheng Zeng
Transforming acidic coiled-coil protein 3 (TACC3) is essential for cell mitosis and transcriptional functions. In the present study, we first demonstrated that both TACC3 protein and mRNA levels were elevated in HCC tissue samples compared with non-cancerous tissue biopsies according to western blot analyses, immunohistochemistry (IHC) and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) assays. Moreover, high TACC3 expression was positively correlated with poor overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) (p < 0...
September 15, 2015: Oncotarget
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