keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

hip and knee replacement

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800859/the-role-of-psychiatric-diagnoses-for-outcome-after-hip-and-knee%C3%A2-arthroplasty
#1
Silas H Gylvin, Christoffer C Jørgensen, Anders F Jensen, Gunnar H Gislason, Henrik Kehlet
BACKGROUND: Surgical patients receiving psychopharmacologic treatment have been associated with adverse outcomes in total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA and TKA). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a specific high-risk group of patients receiving psychopharmacologic treatment could be identified based upon a nationwide psychiatric diagnosis register. METHODS: From 7 different orthopedic centers, 8288 THA and TKA patients were included from January 2010 to November 2012 of which 943 (11...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776632/interprosthetic-fractures-of-the-femur
#2
Nicholas M Romeo, Reza Firoozabadi
As the rate of hip and knee arthroplasty procedures increases, so will the rate of interprosthetic fractures. Several factors, including bone quality, bone quantity, and stability of the prosthetic components, play a role in determining the appropriate operative treatment. Patients with stable components should undergo reduction and internal fixation, while patients with loose components should undergo either revision arthroplasty, with or without additional fixation, or conversion to total femur replacement...
August 3, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773989/bacterial-infection-and-implant-loosening-in-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-evaluation-of-209-cases
#3
Ulrike Dapunt, Stephanie Radzuweit-Mihaljevic, Burkhard Lehner, Gertrud Maria Haensch, Volker Ewerbeck
The aim of this study was to evaluate bacteria species detected in a large number of patients treated for prosthetic joint infection of the hip and knee at a single specialized center. Furthermore, the rate of implant loosening was investigated in a time-dependent manner for the most frequently detected bacteria species. A retrospective analysis of patients (n = 209) treated for prosthetic joint infection of the hip and knee was performed. The following parameters were evaluated: C-Reactive Protein (CRP) concentration, microbiological evaluation of tissue samples, loosening of the implant, the time that had elapsed since the primary prosthetic joint replacement, and the duration since the last surgical intervention...
October 26, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772130/action-observation-in-the-modification-of-postural-sway-and-gait-theory-and-use-in-rehabilitation
#4
REVIEW
Mitesh Patel
The discovery of cortical neurons responsive to both the observation of another individual's movement and one's own physical movement has spurred scientists into utilising this interplay for rehabilitation. The idea that humans can quickly transfer motor programmes or refine existing motor strategies through observation has only recently gained interest in the context of gait rehabilitation but may offer significant promise as an adjunctive therapy to routine balance training. This review is the first dedicated to action observation in postural control or gait in healthy individuals and patients...
July 24, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768430/multi-and-univariate-analyses-of-the-weekend-effect-for-elective-lower-limb-joint-replacements
#5
Wte Briggs, Blt Guevel, A W McCaskie, S M McDonnell
Introduction The weekend effect is a perceived difference in outcome between medical care provided at the weekend when compared to that of a weekday. Clearly multifactorial, this effect remains incompletely understood and variable in different clinical contexts. In this study we analyse factors relevant to the weekend effect in elective lower-limb joint replacement at a large NHS multispecialty academic healthcare centre. Materials and Methods We reviewed the electronic medical records of 352 consecutive patients who received an elective primary hip or knee arthroplasty...
August 3, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766055/non-synonymous-wnt16-polymorphisms-alleles-are-associated-with-different-osteoarthritis-phenotypes
#6
Carmen García-Ibarbia, Sara Neila, Carlos Garcés, Maria A Alonso, María T Zarrabeitia, Carmen Valero, Fernando Ortiz, José A Riancho
Hereditary factors have a strong influence on osteoarthritis (OA). The Wnt pathway is involved in bone and cartilage homeostasis. Hence, we hypothesized that allelic variations of WNT16 could influence the OA phenotype. We studied 509 Caucasian patients undergoing joint replacement due to severe primary OA. Radiographs were used to classify the OA as atrophic or hypertrophic. Two nonsynonymous polymorphisms of WNT16 (rs2707466 and rs2908004) were analyzed. The association between the genotypes and the OA phenotype was analyzed by logistic regression and adjusted for age and body mass index...
August 1, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765504/does-early-return-to-theatre-add-value-to-rates-of-revision-at-3-years-in-assessing-surgeon-performance-for-elective-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-national-observational-study
#7
Alex Bottle, Helen E Chase, Paul P Aylin, Mark Loeffler
BACKGROUND: Joint replacement revision is the most widely used long-term outcome measure in elective hip and knee surgery. Return to theatre (RTT) has been proposed as an additional outcome measure, but how it compares with revision in its statistical performance is unknown. METHODS: National hospital administrative data for England were used to compare RTT at 90 days (RTT90) with revision rates within 3 years by surgeon. Standard power calculations were run for different scenarios...
August 1, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760738/characteristics-associated-with-joint-replacement-in-early-symptomatic-knee-or-hip-osteoarthritis-6-year-results-from-a-nationwide-prospective-cohort-study-check
#8
Alex N Bastick, Jurgen Damen, Rintje Agricola, Reinoud W Brouwer, Patrick Je Bindels, Sita Ma Bierma-Zeinstra
BACKGROUND: Many patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee and/or hip undergo total joint replacement (TJR) because of severely progressed symptoms. AIM: To determine patient and disease characteristics associated with undergoing TJR in participants with recent-onset knee and/or hip OA. DESIGN AND SETTING: Participants with hip or knee pain from the nationwide prospective Cohort Hip and Cohort Knee (CHECK) study were included. METHOD: The outcome measure was total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) during 6 years of follow-up...
July 31, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760710/the-impact-of-preoperative-bacteriuria-on-the-risk-of-periprosthetic-joint-infection-after-primary-knee-or-hip-replacement-a-retrospective-study-with-a-one-year-follow-up
#9
Meeri Honkanen, Esa Jämsen, Matti Karppelin, Reetta Huttunen, Heini Huhtala, Antti Eskelinen, Jaana Syrjänen
OBJECTIVES: Patients who undergo elective joint replacement are traditionally screened and treated for preoperative bacteriuria in order to prevent periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). More recently, this practice has been questioned. The purpose of this study was to determine whether preoperative bacteriuria is associated with an increased risk of PJI. METHODS: Patients who had undergone a primary hip or knee replacement in a tertiary care hospital between September 2002 and December 2013 were identified from the hospital database (23 171 joint replacements, 10 200 hips, and 12 971 knees)...
July 28, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756546/thromboprophylaxis-with-enoxaparin-and-direct-oral-anticoagulants-in-major-orthopedic-surgery-and-acutely-ill-medical-patients-a-meta-analysis
#10
Claudio Cimminiello, Paolo Prandoni, Giancarlo Agnelli, Giovanni Di Minno, Hernan Polo Friz, Francesco Scaglione, Patrizia Boracchi, Giuseppe Marano, Job Harenberg
Subjects undergoing major orthopedic surgery and acutely ill hospitalized medical patients represent a population at medium-high risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE). They are treated with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and direct oral anticoagulants [DOACs] for VTE prevention. We conducted a meta-analysis of phase III randomized clinical trials evaluating LMWH enoxaparin versus DOACs for prophylaxis of VTE by combining studies including patients undergoing elective total hip and knee replacement surgery, and acutely ill hospitalized medical subjects...
July 29, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752819/computer-assisted-navigation-in-total-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty
#11
Kamal Deep, Shivakumar Shankar, Ashish Mahendra
INTRODUCTION: Computer assisted surgery was pioneered in early 1990s. The first computer assisted surgery (CAS) total knee replacement with an imageless system was carried out in 1997. In the past 25 years, CAS has progressed from experimental in vitro studies to established in vivo surgical procedures. METHODS: A comprehensive body of evidence establishing the advantages of computer assisted surgery in knee and hip arthroplasty is available. Established benefits have been demonstrated including its role as an excellent research tool...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751437/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-for-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Shibai Zhu, Wenwei Qian, Chao Jiang, Canhua Ye, Xi Chen
OBJECTIVES: To collect data of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and clinical controlled trials (CCTs) for evaluating the effects of enhanced recovery after surgery on postoperative recovery of patients who received total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: Relevant, published studies were identified using the following key words: arthroplasty, joint replacement, enhanced recovery after surgery, fast track surgery, multi-mode analgesia, diet management, or steroid hormones...
July 27, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746022/mortality-after-total-knee-and-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-a-large-integrated-health-care-system
#13
Maria C S Inacio, Mark T Dillon, Alex Miric, Ronald A Navarro, Elizabeth W Paxton
CONTEXT: The number of excess deaths associated with elective total joint arthroplasty in the US is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate one-year postoperative mortality among patients with elective primary and revision arthroplasty procedures of the hip and knee. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis was conducted of hip and knee arthroplasties performed in 2010. Procedure type, procedure volume, patient age and sex, and mortality were obtained from an institutional total joint replacement registry...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742545/reductions-in-readmission-rates-are-associated-with-modest-improvements-in-patient-reported-health-gains-following-hip-and-knee-replacement-in-england
#14
Rocco Friebel, Kumar Dharmarajan, Harlan M Krumholz, Adam Steventon
BACKGROUND: Although many hospital readmission reduction initiatives have been introduced globally, health care systems ultimately aim to improve patients' health and well-being. We examined whether the hospitals that report greater success in reducing readmissions also see greater improvements in patient-reported outcomes. RESEARCH DESIGN: We examined hospital groups (Trusts) that provided hip replacement or knee replacement surgery in England between April 2010 and February 2013...
July 24, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739308/risk-of-surgical-site-infection-in-elective-hip-and-knee-replacements-after-confirmed-eradication-of-mrsa-in-chronic-carriers
#15
Tarang Tandon, Baha J Tadros, Harold Akehurst, Adhish Avasthi, Richard Hill, Madhu Rao
BACKGROUND: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is globally endemic and is a leading cause of surgical site infection (SSI). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of SSI in MRSA carriers undergoing elective hip or knee arthroplasty, who had confirmed eradication and to compare it with incidence of SSI in non-MRSA carriers. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of 6613 patients who underwent elective total hip arthroplasty (THA; n = 3347) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA; n = 3266) at our institution...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737953/metabolic-factors-and-oxidative-stress-in-osteoarthritis-a-case-control-study
#16
Kaspar Tootsi, Aare Märtson, Jaak Kals, Kaido Paapstel, Mihkel Zilmer
Previous studies suggest that metabolic disturbances might be involved in the development of osteoarthritis (OA). Associations have been found between the individual components of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and OA. MetS has been associated with increased oxidative stress (OxS). The study aimed to clarify the role of MetS components in OA and to evaluate the levels of OxS in OA patients and in age-matched controls. Fifty-five patients with end-stage OA (age 63 ± 7 years) prior to hip or knee joint replacement surgery and 55 age-, gender- and body mass index matched controls (61 ± 8 years) were enrolled in the study...
July 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736863/no-associations-established-between-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-human-toll-like-receptor-2-and-toll-interacting-protein-and-staphylococcus-aureus-bloodstream-infections
#17
Tom Eirik Smeland, Fredrik Müller, Anita Blomfeldt, Knut Stavem, Hege Vangstein Aamot
Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infections (SABSI) are associated with high morbidity and mortality. The Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) and Toll-interacting protein (TOLLIP) are important in recognition and regulation of human innate immunity response to S. aureus. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the TLR2 and TOLLIP encoding genes have been associated with disease, including BSI. The aim of this study was to examine potential associations between a selection of SNPs in the genes encoding TLR2 and TOLLIP, and predisposition, severity, and outcome of SABSI...
July 24, 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733296/a-unified-multi-level-model-approach-to-assessing-patient-responsiveness-including-return-to-normal-minimally-important-differences-and-minimal-clinically-important-improvement-for-patient-reported-outcome-measures
#18
Adrian Sayers, Vikki Wylde, Erik Lenguerrand, Rachael Gooberman-Hill, Jill Dawson, David Beard, Andrew Price, Ashley W Blom
OBJECTIVE: This article reviews and compares four commonly used approaches to assess patient responsiveness with a treatment or therapy (return to normal (RTN), minimal important difference (MID), minimal clinically important improvement (MCII), OMERACT-OARSI [Outcome Measures in Rheumatology-Osteoarthris Reseach Society International] (OO)) and demonstrates how each of the methods can be formulated in a multilevel modelling (MLM) framework. DESIGN: Cohort study...
July 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728303/-enhancing-soft-tissue-reattachment-with-artificial-mesh-in-joint-endoprosthetic-reconstruction-for-bone-tumors
#19
J S Lin, R Chen, W Yan, D D Chen
Objective: To investigate the operative method and clinical application of the BARD(®) Mesh in enhancing joint stability and function of endoprosthetic reconstruction for bone tumors. Methods: From Jan 2013 to Jun 2015, the clinical data of 51 patients aged (44.75±23.18) years underwent wide resection of tumor and endoprosthetic reconstruction using the BARD(®) Mesh were collected. Among them, 27 were male and 24 were female. The surgical treatments received by these patients included 5 shoulder arthroplasties, 12 elbow replacements, 12 hip replacements and 32 knee replacements (including 24 femoral tumors and 8 tibial tumors)...
July 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724376/sonication-contribution-to-identifying-prosthetic-joint-infection-with-ralstonia-pickettii-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Rares Mircea Birlutiu, Mihai Dan Roman, Razvan Silviu Cismasiu, Sorin Radu Fleaca, Crina Maria Popa, Manuela Mihalache, Victoria Birlutiu
BACKGROUND: In the context of an increase number of primary and revision total hip and total knee arthroplasty performed yearly, an increased risk of complication is expected. Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) remains the most common and feared arthroplasty complication. Ralstonia pickettii is a Gram-negative bacterium, that has also been identified in biofilms. It remains an extremely rare cause of PJI. There is no report of an identification of R. pickettii on an extracted spacer loaded with antibiotic...
July 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
keyword
keyword
117069
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"