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sport medicine

Scott J Dankel, Kevin T Mattocks, Matthew B Jessee, Samuel L Buckner, J Grant Mouser, Brittany R Counts, Gilberto C Laurentino, Jeremy P Loenneke
The principle of progressive overload must be adhered to for individuals to continually increase muscle size with resistance training. While the majority of trained individuals adhere to this principle by increasing the number of sets performed per exercise session, this does not appear to be an effective method for increasing muscle size once a given threshold is surpassed. Opposite the numerous studies examining differences in training loads and sets of exercise performed, a few studies have assessed the importance of training frequency with respect to muscle growth, none of which have tested very high frequencies of training (e...
October 17, 2016: Sports Medicine
Wesam Saleh A Al Attar, Najeebullah Soomro, Peter J Sinclair, Evangelos Pappas, Ross H Sanders
BACKGROUND: Hamstring injuries are among the most common non-contact injuries in sports. The Nordic hamstring (NH) exercise has been shown to decrease risk by increasing eccentric hamstring strength. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the effectiveness of the injury prevention programs that included the NH exercise on reducing hamstring injury rates while factoring in athlete workload. METHODS: Two researchers independently searched for eligible studies using the following databases: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials via OvidSP, AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine) via OvidSP, EMBASE, PubMed, MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus, Web of Science, CINAHL and AusSportMed, from inception to December 2015...
October 17, 2016: Sports Medicine
Karim Chamari, Johnny Padulo
The purpose of this Current Opinion article is to focus on the appropriate use of the terms 'aerobic'- and 'anaerobic'-exercise in sports medicine, in order to try to unify their use across coaches/athletes and sport scientists. Despite the high quality of most of the investigations, the terms aerobic/anaerobic continue to be used inappropriately by some researchers in exercise science. Until late 2014, for instance, 14,883 and 6,136 articles were cited in PubMed, in the field of 'exercise science', using the words 'aerobic' or 'anaerobic', respectively...
December 2015: Sports Medicine—Open
Roger Olney, Steve McMillan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Sports Medicine—Open
Sufian S Ahmad, Johannes C Meyer, Anna M Krismer, Suhaib S Ahmad, Dimitrios S Evangelopoulos, Sven Hoppe, Sandro Kohl
PURPOSE: Clinical research in the area of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury has shown substantial growth during the last decade. This was accompanied by the establishment of a wide range of outcome measures used to address the demands of clinical studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate outcome measures reported by highly cited level I trials in ACL research and identify factors influencing citation metrics. METHODS: The database of the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) was utilized to screen journals under the subject categories "Orthopaedics", "Sports Sciences", "Radiology" and "General medicine" for the 50 most cited level I ACL trials based on predefined inclusion criteria...
October 14, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Michael W Collins, Anthony P Kontos, David O Okonkwo, Jon Almquist, Julian Bailes, Mark Barisa, Jeffrey Bazarian, O Josh Bloom, David Brody, Robert Cantu, Javier Cardenas, Jay Clugston, Randall Cohen, Ruben Echemendia, R J Elbin, Richard Ellenbogen, Janna Fonseca, Gerard Gioia, Kevin Guskiewicz, Robert Heyer, Gillian Hotz, Grant L Iverson, Barry Jordan, Geoffrey Manley, Joseph Maroon, Thomas McAllister, Michael McCrea, Anne Mucha, Elizabeth Pieroth, Kenneth Podell, Matthew Pombo, Teena Shetty, Allen Sills, Gary Solomon, Danny G Thomas, Tamara C Valovich McLeod, Tony Yates, Ross Zafonte
BACKGROUND: Conventional management for concussion involves prescribed rest and progressive return to activity. Recent evidence challenges this notion and suggests that active approaches may be effective for some patients. Previous concussion consensus statements provide limited guidance regarding active treatment. OBJECTIVE: To describe the current landscape of treatment for concussion and to provide summary agreements related to treatment to assist clinicians in the treatment of concussion...
October 12, 2016: Neurosurgery
Adam C Johnson, John H Hollman, Benjamin M Howe, Jonathan T Finnoff
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to determine if ischiofemoral space (IFS) dimensions vary with changes in hip flexion as a result of placing a bolster behind the knees during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A secondary aim was to determine if IFS dimensions vary between supine and prone hip neutral positions. DESIGN: The study employed a prospective design. SETTING: Sports medicine center within a tertiary care institution. PARTICIPANTS: Five male and five female adult subjects (age mean = 29...
October 14, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Dieter Böning
In modern societies there is strong belief in scientific progress. But unfortunately a parallel partial regress occurs because of often evitable mistakes. Mistakes are mainly forgetting, erroneous theories, errors in experiments and manuscripts, prejudice, selected publication of "positive" results and fraud. An example for forgetting is that methods introduced decades ago are used without knowing the underlying theories: basic articles are no longer read nor cited. This omission may cause incorrect interpretation of results...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Marie Maumus, Gautier Roussignol, Karine Toupet, Geraldine Penarier, Isabelle Bentz, Sandrine Teixeira, Didier Oustric, Mireille Jung, Olivier Lepage, Regis Steinberg, Christian Jorgensen, Danièle Noel
OBJECTIVE: Mesenchymal stem cells isolated from adipose tissue (ASC) have been shown to influence the course of osteoarthritis (OA) in different animal models and are promising in veterinary medicine for horses involved in competitive sport. The aim of this study was to characterize equine ASCs (eASCs) and investigate the role of interferon-gamma (IFNγ)-priming on their therapeutic effect in a murine model of OA, which could be relevant to equine OA. METHODS: ASC were isolated from subcutaneous fat...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
Rachel M Frank, Gregory L Cvetanovich, Michael J Collins, Thomas A Arns, Austin Black, Nikhil N Verma, Brian J Cole, Brian Forsythe
PURPOSE: To analyze the publication rate of poster and podium presentations at Arthroscopy Association of North America (AANA) annual meetings from 2008 to 2012. METHODS: An online search using PubMed and Google Scholar for all published manuscripts associated with abstracts presented from 2008 to 2012 AANA annual meetings was performed. Abstracts were classified by presentation type (poster vs podium), and the journal and publication date were recorded for all published abstracts...
October 6, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Ian Shrier, Andreas Serner, Arnlaug Wangensteen, Russell J Steele, Adam Weir
OBJECTIVES: Different individuals may make different return to play (RTP) decisions due to different risk assessments or risk tolerances. Our objectives were to determine the feasibility of eliciting reinjury risk assessments with Bayesian methods, and risk tolerance with questionnaires, from clinicians and athletes in a real-world RTP setting. DESIGN: Feasibility study with a descriptive prospective case-series. METHODS: We recruited the athlete, sport physician and physiotherapist caring for an athlete ("triplet") within on-going groin and hamstring injury studies...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Romain Bouzigon, Frederic Grappe, Gilles Ravier, Benoit Dugue
Cold therapy is commonly used as a method to relieve pain and inflammation. This review focuses primarily on two methods of cold therapy that have received recent attention: whole-body cryotherapy and partial-body cryotherapy. These methods are used to induce physiological and psychological benefits in humans in the context of medicine, health and sports. The subjects experiencing cryotherapy are dressed in minimal clothing and are exposed to very cold air (at -110°C or less) for 1-4min. Despite the increasing scientific interest in these methods, there is a lack of information about the technologies used...
October 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
C Schwarzwald
Heart murmurs and arrhythmias are common in horses. Assessment of their clinical relevance concerning health, performance, safety and longevity of sports horses is of highest importance. A comprehensive cardiovascular examination is crucial for diagnosis and assessment of the severity of disease. Recently, an expert panel of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (ACVIM) and the European College of Equine Internal Medicine (ECEIM) developed a consensus statement containing recommendations for sports horses with heart disease...
October 2016: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
Peter K Kriz, Ailis Clyne, Sara R Ford
As of 2015, 98% of U.S. states require preparticipation exams (PPE) before participating in scholastic sports. Despite widespread availability of a PPE monograph endorsed by six medical societies, a lack of uniformity exists regarding implementation of the PPE among Rhode Island health care providers (HCPs). Consequently, significant variability exists regarding how comprehensive a history and physical exam screening is conducted for adolescent athletes looking for sports participation clearance. The purpose of this document is to: 1) establish a uniform screening process in Rhode Island for the PPE utilizing a peer-reviewed history and physical exam; 2) familiarize HCPs with the 2010 PPE monograph, with emphasis on the cardiovascular and musculoskeletal (MSK) systems; 3) encourage HCPs to treat the PPE as a separate entity from the annual wellness visit; 4) engage HCPs and sports medicine providers in Rhode Island to improve the quality and process of evaluating adolescent athletes for sports participation...
October 4, 2016: Rhode Island Medical Journal
Razib Khaund
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2016: Rhode Island Medical Journal
Benedict U Nwachukwu, Joshua Adjei, Samir K Trehan, Brenda Chang, Kelms Amoo-Achampong, Joseph T Nguyen, Samuel A Taylor, Frank McCormick, Anil S Ranawat
BACKGROUND: Consumer-driven healthcare and an increasing emphasis on quality metrics have encouraged patient engagement in the rating of healthcare. As such, online physician rating websites have become mainstream and may play a potential role in future healthcare policy. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate online patient ratings for US sports medicine surgeons, determine predictors of positive ratings and analyze for inter-website scoring correlation...
October 2016: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
Martin D Hoffman
Participation in ultraendurance sports has been increasing in recent years. This participation growth has been associated with an increase in research focused on such events. While the total amount of research related to these sports remains relatively small compared with other sports, the research growth is encouraging. New sources for research funding for ultraendurance sports should advance the science. In addition to continued opportunities with observational studies, promising areas of investigation remain for experimental studies and research that uses ultraendurance-sport environments as models for studies relevant to wider populations...
September 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
M Merino-Andreu, A Alvarez-Ruiz de Larrinaga, J A Madrid-Perez, M A Martinez-Martinez, F J Puertas-Cuesta, A J Asencio-Guerra, O Romero Santo-Tomas, M J Jurado-Luque, F J Segarra-Isern, T Canet-Sanz, P Gimenez-Rodriguez, J Teran-Santos, M L Alonso-Alvarez, D Garcia-Borreguero Diaz-Varela, B Barriuso-Esteban
One of the main objectives of the Spanish Sleep Society is to promote healthy sleep in both the general population and in health professionals. This document aims to conduct a review of the current scientific literature on sleep habits that can serve as the basis on which to establish a set of general recommendations, regarding healthy sleep, for use by the general population in Spain as well as to identify the main challenges faced by research into sleep habits. The document has been developed by a multidisciplinary team made up of members of the Spanish Sleep Society who are experts in paediatric sleep medicine, clinical neurophysiology, pulmonology, neurology, chronobiology, physiology and psychology...
October 3, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
Mary K Mulcahey, Brian R Waterman
In its brief 10-year existence, the Arthroscopy Association of North America Advanced Arthroscopy Traveling Fellowship has quickly established itself as the paramount educational experience for aspiring young surgeons in sports medicine and arthroscopy. The Traveling Fellowship is structured as a 10-day experience with visits to 3 host sites and culminates at the AANA Annual Meeting. With 4 selected fellows and an honorary "Godfather," the Traveling Fellowship affords a unique and invaluable opportunity to forge enduring friendships and rare mentorships with established leaders in the field of Arthroscopy...
October 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Hamish Osborne, Adam Castricum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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