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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441739/the-use-of-immus-in-a-water-environment-instrument-validation-and-application-of-3d-multi-body-kinematic-analysis-in-medicine-and-sport
#1
Anna Lisa Mangia, Matteo Cortesi, Silvia Fantozzi, Andrea Giovanardi, Davide Borra, Giorgio Gatta
The aims of the present study were the instrumental validation of inertial-magnetic measurements units (IMMUs) in water, and the description of their use in clinical and sports aquatic applications applying customized 3D multi-body models. Firstly, several tests were performed to map the magnetic field in the swimming pool and to identify the best volume for experimental test acquisition with a mean dynamic orientation error lower than 5°. Successively, the gait and the swimming analyses were explored in terms of spatiotemporal and joint kinematics variables...
April 22, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438380/the-role-of-muscle-strengthening-in-exercise-therapy-for-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#2
REVIEW
Cecilie Bartholdy, Carsten Juhl, Robin Christensen, Hans Lund, Weiya Zhang, Marius Henriksen
OBJECTIVES: To analyze if exercise interventions for patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) following the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) definition of muscle strength training differs from other types of exercise, and to analyze associations between changes in muscle strength, pain, and disability. METHODS: A systematic search in 5 electronic databases was performed to identify randomized controlled trials comparing exercise interventions with no intervention in knee OA, and reporting changes in muscle strength and in pain or disability assessed as standardized mean differences (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI)...
March 18, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425247/meloxicam-and-diclofenac-do-not-change-vegf-and-pdgf-abserum-levels-of-platelet-rich-plasma
#3
Burkay Utku, Gürhan Dönmez, Gülriz Erişgen, Şenay Akin, Haydar Ali Demirel, Feza Korkusuz, Mahmut Nedim Doral
BACKGROUND/AIM: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) application has gained widespread interest for musculoskeletal injuries. Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs are frequently used in sports medicine before and/or after PRP application. Our study seeks to determine whether serum levels of platelet-derived growth factor-AB (PDGF-AB) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels of PRP would be affected by nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two different final concentrations of diclofenac (0...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423974/competitive-bass-anglers-a-new-concern-in-sports-medicine
#4
Connor R Read, Shawna L Watson, Jorge L Perez, A Reed Estes
OBJECTIVE: Competitive bass angling involves sport fishing against other anglers while targeting a species of fish known as the black basses. Due to the rapidly growing popularity of high school competitive bass angling in Alabama and the nature of the casting motion similar to that of overhead athletes, we sought to examine the prevalence of sports type injuries in this population. METHODS: In spring 2016, an anonymous survey was distributed across two large scale competitive high school fishing tournaments, allowing for a broad sampling of anglers throughout the state of Alabama...
April 19, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417851/nuclear-medicine-techniques-in-pediatric-bone-imaging
#5
REVIEW
Laura A Drubach
An important mandate when imaging pediatric patients is the reduction of radiation exposure to the lowest possible level consistent with good quality diagnostic imaging, so individual selection of radiopharmaceutical dosage and imaging technique is essential. Although the logistics of image acquisition and the approach to interpretation mirror the more common use in adults, the challenges of imaging young children typically require greater attention to patient preparation, positioning, and supervision during imaging, with the use of parental or family engagement in the procedure, gentle restraint, and occasionally the need for sedation...
May 2017: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416353/eating-disorders-and-weight-control-behaviors-change-over-a-collegiate-sport-season
#6
Alexandra Thompson, Trent Petrie, Carlin Anderson
OBJECTIVES: Determine whether the prevalence of eating disorder classifications (i.e., clinical eating disorder, subclinical eating disorder, and asymptomatic) and pathogenic weight control behaviors (e.g., bingeing, vomiting) change over a five-month sport season. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. METHODS: Female collegiate gymnasts and swimmers (N=325) completed the Questionnaire for Eating Disorder Diagnoses as well as six items from the Bulimia Test-Revised at Time 1 (two weeks into the beginning of their athletic season) and Time 2 (final two weeks of the athletic season); data collections were separated by five months...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413958/anti-fatigue-effects-of-active-ingredients-from-traditional-chinese-medicine-a-review
#7
Si-Si Zhou, Jian-Guo Jiang
Fatigue, a phenomenon which is believed to be caused by body exercise, can lead to the failure of predetermined exercise intensity maintenance and sport ability declination. The usage of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the treatment of fatigue has long been practiced in clinical and showed significant effects. This article covers related literatures in recent years and sorts the effective ingredients from TCM for treating fatigue into a few categories including alkaloids, saponins, polysaccharides, polyphenols, polypeptide, terpene, proteins and other active ingredients...
April 14, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412270/how-surgeons-conceptualize-talent-a-qualitative-study-using-sport-science-as-a-lens
#8
Rune Dall Jensen, Mette Krogh Christensen, Kori A LaDonna, Mikkel Seyer-Hansen, Sayra Cristancho
OBJECTIVES: Debates prevail regarding the definition of surgical talent, and how individuals with the potential to become talented surgeons can be identified and developed. However, over the past 30 years, talent has been studied extensively in other domains. The objectives of this study is to explore notions of talent in surgery and sport in order to investigate if the field of surgical education can benefit from expanding its view on talented performances. Therefore, this study aims to use the sport literature as a lens when exploring how surgeons conceptualize and define talent...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406104/institutionalized-physical-activity-curriculum-benefits-of-medical-students-in-colombia
#9
Gustavo Tovar, Gabriel López, Milcíades Ibáñez, Ricardo Alvarado, Felipe Lobelo, John Duperly
BACKGROUND: Health authorities internationally have recommended implementing physical activity and exercise for health training programs within the curriculum of medical schools. The purpose of this evaluation was to determine the changes in physical fitness and health (Fitnessgram criteria) of a sports medicine and physical activity course implemented for 3rd year students in a private medical school in Bogotá, Colombia. METHODS: Intervention was targeted to 13 medical student cohorts...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404557/exercise-prescription-for-overhead-athletes-with-shoulder-pathology-a-systematic-review-with-best-evidence-synthesis
#10
REVIEW
Alexis A Wright, Eric J Hegedus, Daniel T Tarara, Samantha C Ray, Steven L Dischiavi
OBJECTIVE: To produce a best evidence synthesis of exercise prescription used when treating shoulder pathology in the overhead athlete. DESIGN: A systematic review of exercises used in overhead athletes including case studies and clinical commentaries. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, PubMed, SPORTDiscus and CINAHL from database inception through July 8, 2016. METHODS: We examined data from randomised controlled trials and prospective cohort (level I-IV evidence) studies that addressed exercise intervention in the rehabilitation of the overhead athlete with shoulder pathology...
April 12, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400221/validation-of-a-self-monitoring-tool-for-use-in-exercise-therapy
#11
Camilla S Powierza, Michael D Clark, Jaime M Hughes, Kevin A Carneiro, Jason P Mihalik
BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercise at a sub-symptom heart rate has been recommended as therapy for Post-Concussion Syndrome (PCS). Assessing adherence with an accurate heart rate monitoring instrument is difficult limiting the proliferation of large-scale randomized controlled trials. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the validity of the Fitbit Charge HR against electrocardiogram (EKG) to monitor heart rate during a treadmill-based exercise protocol. DESIGN: A methods comparison study...
April 8, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393540/microfracture-state-of-the-art-in-cartilage-surgery
#12
Florian Frehner, Jan P Benthien
Objective This study is a literature review from 2010 to 2014 concerning the quality of evidence in clinical trials about microfracture in attempt to repair articular cartilage. We have decided to focus on microfracturing, since this seems to be the best documented technique. Interest in evaluation of publication quality has risen in orthopaedic sports medicine recently. Therefore, we think it is necessary to evaluate recent clinical trials being rated for their evidence-based medicine (EBM) quality. We also compared the mean impact factor of the journals publishing the different studies as an indicator of the study's citation and evaluated for a change over the studied time frame...
April 1, 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392338/cannabis-exercise-performance-and-sport-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Michael C Kennedy
OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence relating to the effect of cannabis on exercise performance. DESIGN: A systematic review of published literature METHODS: Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the principal psychoactive component of cannabis. A search was conducted using PUB med, Medline and Embase searching for cannabis, marijuana, cannabinoids and THC, in sport and exercise; the contents of sports medicine journals for the last 10 years; as well as cross references from journals and a personal collection of reprints...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391750/incidence-aetiology-and-prevention-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-volleyball-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
O Kilic, M Maas, E Verhagen, J Zwerver, V Gouttebarge
Currently, there is no overview of the incidence and (volleyball-specific) risk factors of musculoskeletal injuries among volleyball players, nor any insight into the effect of preventive measures on the incidence of injuries in volleyball. This study aimed to review systematically the scientific evidence on the incidence, prevalence, aetiology and preventive measures of volleyball injuries. To this end, a highly sensitive search strategy was built based on two groups of keywords (and their synonyms). Two electronic databases were searched, namely Medline (biomedical literature) via Pubmed, and SPORTDiscus (sports and sports medicine literature) via EBSCOhost...
April 9, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389398/-numb-leg-in-a-cross-fit-athlete-a-case-report
#15
Stephan Esser, Mckennan Thurston, Krishna Nalluri, Aurelio Muzaurieta
Participation in "CrossFit" athletics and Olympic-styled lifting by the general populace has rapidly increased in the last 10 years. Such athletic engagement poses unique, inadequately defined risks to the participant. We describe the case of a 36 y/o male presenting to an outpatient sports medicine clinic with six weeks of numbness and tingling in the lateral right proximal thigh. After thorough examination and EMG testing, he was found to have a lateral femoral cutaneous neuropathy caused by performing supine gluteal bridges with a weighted barbell resting across his anterior thighs...
April 4, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387861/lower-pressure-pain-thresholds-in-patellofemoral-pain-patients-especially-in-female-patients-a-cross-sectional-case-control-study
#16
Rianne A van der Heijden, Melissa M Rijndertse, Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra, Marienke van Middelkoop
Objective. : It has been suggested that repeated overload might sensitize nociceptors, causing local hyperalgesia in patients with patellofemoral pain (PFP). This might also lead to generalized hyperalgesia, indicative of altered central pain processing. This study aimed to investigate differences in pressure pain threshold (PPT) as a measure of pressure hyperalgesia between patients with PFP and healthy controls and in predefined subgroups and to study associations between PPT and patient characteristics...
April 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387562/if-you-re-not-measuring-you-re-guessing-the-advent-of-objective-concussion-assessments
#17
Steven P Broglio, Kevin M Guskiewicz, John Norwig
Sport-related concussion remains one of the most complex injuries presented to sports medicine professionals. Although the injury has been recognized since ancient times, the concussion-assessment process has seen significant advances over the last 30 years. This review outlines the addition of objective measures to the clinical evaluation of the concussed athlete, beginning in the 1980s and continuing through the modern age. International and domestic organizations now describe standardized symptom reports, neurostatus and neurocognitive-function evaluations, and postural-control measures as standards of medical care, a significant shift from a short time ago...
March 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387545/abstracts-for-the-4th-annual-congress-on-medicine-science-in-ultra-endurance-sports-may-30-2017-denver-colorado
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386400/neuropathic-pain-may-be-common-in-chronic-lower-limb-tendinopathy-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Patrick C Wheeler
BACKGROUND: To identify the prevalence of neuropathic pain, through the use of the painDETECT questionnaire, in a cohort of patients with chronic lower limb tendinopathy conditions. METHODS: Patients with chronic lower limb tendinopathy conditions treated within a Sport and Exercise Medicine hospital clinic were identified from clinical records. At the time of the clinical consultation, pain and painDETECT scores were recorded. RESULTS: In total, 282 suitable patients with chronic lower limb tendinopathy conditions were identified who had completed a painDETECT questionnaire...
February 2017: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383764/risk-factors-for-radiographic-joint-space-narrowing-and-patient-reported-outcomes-of-post-traumatic-osteoarthritis-after-acl-reconstruction-data-from-the-moon-cohort
#20
Morgan H Jones, Kurt P Spindler
The Multicenter Orthopaedic Outcomes Network (MOON) is an NIH-funded prospective, longitudinal cohort of over 3500 patients who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) by 14 sports medicine surgeons at 7 academic medical centers. Patient reported outcome questionnaires (PRO's) are completed at baseline and multiple timepoints after surgery, and a nested cohort of patients return for radiographs to assess the development of joint space changes. We review the risk factors for worse patient reported outcomes, the predictors of clinically significant symptoms of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA), and the factors associated with more radiographic joint space narrowing...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
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