Read by QxMD icon Read

fracture treatment

Wei An, Aisaiti Ainiwaer, Patiguli Wusiman, Gulibusitan Ali, Adili Moming
PURPOSE: The study proposed to determine the superiority between different fixation methods in the mandibular angle fractures (MAFs) and to evaluate best option for surgeon and patient. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines, examining Medline-Ovid, Embase, and Pubmed databases. The quality of studies was assessed, and the odds risk (OR) with its corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) was assessed to measure the effect size...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Chang-Hun Han, Kwang-Bum Park, Francesco Guido Mangano
OBJECTIVE: In the anterior regions, the resorption of the buccal bone after tooth extraction leads to a contraction of the overlying soft tissues, resulting in an esthetic problem, particularly with immediate implant placement. In the socket shield technique, the buccal root section of the tooth is maintained, to preserve the buccal bone for immediate implant placement. The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the survival, stability, and complication rates of implants placed using a "modified" socket shield technique...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Junliang Wang, Wei Qi, Xuezhen Shen, Sheng Tao, Yujie Liu
The goals of this study are to report an arthroscopic technique for the treatment of Mason type II radial head fractures using Kirschner wires (K-wires), and investigate the feasibility and evaluate the results.We retrospectively review 18 cases of closed Mason type II radial head fractures treated in our institution from August 2010 to May 2015. There were 13 males and 5 females with an average age of 30.6 (17-45 years) years. Injuries were caused by falling in 8 cases, by traffic accidents in 5 cases, and by sports in 5 cases...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Zhao-Fei Zhang, He Huang, Shuai Chen, Dong-Hua Liu, Yong-Hui Feng, Chun-Liang Xie, Feng Jiao
BACKGROUND: High-viscosity cement (HVC) has been gradually applied in percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) and percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP). Although HVC has been reported to reduce cement leakage, different opinions exist. To assess the complications of HVC in cement leakage in the treatment of vertebral compression fractures and to evaluate the clinical effect of HVC compared with low-viscosity cement (LVC). METHODS: EMBASE, PubMed, Science Direct, Google Scholar and Cochrane Library databases were comprehensively searched from their inception to August 2017...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Dong-Uk Yang, Muhammad Hanif Siddiqi, Sungeun Ahn, Sera Kang, Hae-Yong Noh, Deok-Chun Yang
Osteoporosis is a widespread musculoskeletal deformity that affects thousands of older people every year, leading to bone abnormalities and ultimately increasing the risk of bone fractures in both genders. It is considered a lethal disease causing death in thousands of people at the late stage of life. Dendropanax morbifera Leveille is a subtropical broad-leaved prevalent species in Korea. Extracts of the leaves, stems, roots, and seeds of D. morbifera have been used in traditional medicine for the treatment of numerous diseases such as diabetes, atherogenesis, skin disorders, and headaches...
March 20, 2018: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Chad M Myeroff, Jeffrey P Anderson, Daniel S Sveom, Julie A Switzer
Background: Known possible consequences of proximal humerus fractures include impaired shoulder function, decreased independence, and increased risk for mortality. The purpose of this report is to describe the survival and independence of elderly patients with fractures of the proximal humerus, treated in our institution, relative to patient characteristics and treatment method. Methods: Retrospective cohort study from 2006 to 2012. Setting: Community-based hospital with level 1 designation...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
C Robo, G Hulsart-Billström, M Nilsson, C Persson
Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) is the most commonly used material for the treatment of osteoporosis-induced vertebral compression fractures. However, its high stiffness may introduce an increased risk of adjacent vertebral fractures post-surgery. One alternative in overcoming this concern is the use of additives. This presents its own challenge in maintaining an adequate biocompatibility when modifying the base cement. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vivo biocompatibility of linoleic acid (LA)-modified acrylic bone cement using a large animal model for the first time, in order to further advance towards clinical use...
March 17, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
JuEun Lee, Craig L Chavez, Joorok Park
Surgical bone drilling is performed variously to correct bone fractures, install prosthetics, or for therapeutic treatment. The primary concern in bone drilling is to extract donor bone sections and create receiving holes without damaging the bone tissue either mechanically or thermally. We review current results from experimental and theoretical studies to investigate the parameters related to such effects. This leads to a comprehensive understanding of the mechanical and thermal aspects of bone drilling to reduce their unwanted complications...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
Michael Tischler, Claudia Patch, Avinash S Bidra
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Limited data are available on the clinical outcomes of patients with edentulism treated with zirconia complete-arch fixed implant-supported prostheses (CAFIPs). PURPOSE: The primary purpose of this retrospective clinical study was to study the failure rate of dental implants as well as the fracture rate of zirconia CAFIPs. The secondary purpose was to study the survival outcomes of patients with edentulism treated with zirconia CAFIPs as well as the rate of technical complications...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Yu Zhou, Zhenyu Zhou, Lifeng Liu, Xuecheng Cao
BACKGROUND: Skeletal and soft tissue damage are often associated with unilateral facet dislocations, which undoubtedly lead to instability of the spine and further increase difficulties in cervical reduction. This type of irreducible facet dislocation is usually accompanied with potential catastrophic consequences including neurological deficit and severe disability. Therefore, a consistent and evidence-based treatment plan is imperative. CASE PRESENTATION: The literature regarding the management of traumatic unilateral locked cervical facet dislocations was reviewed...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Zhipeng Huang, Yuan Liu, Wenjun Xie, Xiang Li, Xiaodong Qin, Jun Hu
BACKGROUND: A concomitant tibial shaft and posterior malleolar fracture is a type of regular compound fracture. The associated posterior malleolar fractures are mostly occult fractures, which often do not show a fracture line on ordinary films, and thus lead to a high rate of misdiagnosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate factors helpful for the pre-operative detection of concomitant posterior ankle fractures using the ipsilateral radiographic tibia and fibula shaft fracture characteristics...
March 20, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Brendan A Andres, Benjamin R Childs, Heather A Vallier
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of hypovitaminosis D and to evaluate a supplementation intervention. We hypothesized that patients would exhibit high adherence with a free sample, and levels would become sufficient. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Level 1 trauma center. PATIENTS: One hundred forty-four consecutive, skeletally mature patients treated for acute fractures. INTERVENTION: All were provided 600 mg calcium and 800 IU vitamin D3 capsules twice daily...
April 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Matthew Aizpuru, Christopher Staley, William Reisman, Michael B Gottschalk, Mara L Schenker
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the determinants of length of stay (LOS) for patients surgically treated for femur fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective medical record review. SETTING: Urban Level I Trauma Center. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred twenty-one patients operatively treated for femur fractures between July 12, 2015 and July 12, 2016. INTERVENTION: Intramedullary nailing, open reduction internal fixation, arthroplasty, or other (percutaneous screw or multiple hardware/technique) definitive fixation of femur fracture...
April 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Erin D'Agostino, Vyacheslav Makler, David F Bauer
BACKGROUND: Vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) is a safe and well-tolerated treatment for drug resistant epilepsy. Complications and failure of the device can result from lead fracture, device malfunction, disconnection, or battery displacement and can result in a variety of symptoms. We present an interesting case of stimulator malfunction with increased impedance change seen only with a change in head position. CASE DESCRIPTION: Patient is a 25-year-old male with a vagal nerve stimulator (VNs) placed for medically refractory epilepsy who presented with neck pain and an electrical pulling sensation in his neck whenever he turned his head to the right...
March 16, 2018: World Neurosurgery
D E Bauer, A Hingsammer, P Schenk, L Vlachopoulos, M A Imam, P Fürnstahl, D C Meyer
PURPOSE: The indication for operative treatment of displaced midshaft clavicle fractures remains controversial. However, if plate fixation is considered, implant prominence and skin irritation are the most common causes for re-operation. Low profile implants as well as closely contouring plates to the individual anatomy may reduce these complications. The aim of this study was to compare the fitting accuracy and implant prominence of 3.5mm pelvic reconstruction plates (PRP) with pre-contoured anatomical clavicle plates (PACP) for midshaft clavicle fractures...
March 16, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Xi Liu, Hui Zhang, Shiqiang Cen, Fuguo Huang
BACKGROUND: Though several systematic reviews concerned have been published, controversy still exists. The current systematic review was designed to clarify the detailed advantages and disadvantages of the negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) in treatment of open fractures in comparison with the conventional wound dressings. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in Pubmed, Cochrane Library, Embase, and Google Scholar for the published relevant clinical studies...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Chaowei Guo, Jianxiong Ma, Xinlong Ma, Ying Wang, Lei Sun, Bin Lu, AiXian Tian, Yan Wang, BenChao Dong
BACKGROUND: Intramedullary nailing (IMN) and plate have been reported as two effective devices for treating distal extra-articular fractures. However, reports of complications after fractures with use of different tibial fixation techniques in literatures are controversial. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to compare IMN with plate for evaluating the safety and efficacy. METHODS: The studies were searched from PubMed, Embase, Web of science and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials by two reviewers up to August 2017...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
James M Hartford, Bradley P Graw, Sara B Knowles, Dominick L Frosch
BACKGROUND: To identify the incidence, contributing factors, and outcomes of perioperative greater trochanter fractures associated with the direct anterior approach. METHODS: This is a retrospective analyses of 1401 primary THAs. Age, side, height, weight, body mass index, preoperative ambulatory status, discharge status, and hospital length of stay were identified. Radiographs were evaluated for femoral neck angle, femoral neck cut ratio (FNCR), and DORR ratio...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
Chih-Hsing Wu, Shih-Te Tu, Yin-Fan Chang, Ding-Cheng Chan, Jui-Teng Chien, Chih-Hsueh Lin, Sonal Singh, Manikanta Dasari, Jung-Fu Chen, Keh-Sung Tsai
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated the outcomes of patients with osteoporosis-related fractures managed through fracture liaison services (FLS) programs. METHODS: Medline, PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched (January 2000-February 2017 inclusive) using the keywords 'osteoporosis,' 'fractures,' 'liaison,' and 'service' to identify randomised controlled trials and observational studies of patients aged ≥50 years with osteoporosis-related fractures in hospital, clinic, community, or home-based settings who were managed using FLS...
March 16, 2018: Bone
Salvatore Sauro, Ashvin Babbar, Borzo Gharibi, Victor Pinheiro Feitosa, Ricardo Marins Carvalho, Lidiany Karla Azevedo Rodrigues, Avijit Banerjee, Timothy Watson
OBJECTIVE: Materials for pulp protection should have therapeutic properties in order to stimulate remineralization and pulp reparative processes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mechanical properties, biocompatibility, cell differentiation and bioactivity of experimental light-curable resin-based materials containing bioactive micro-fillers. METHODS: Four calcium-phosphosilicate micro-fillers were prepared and incorporated into a resin blend: 1) Bioglass 45S5 (BAG); 2) zinc-doped bioglass (BAG-Zn); 3) βTCP-modified calcium silicate (β-CS); 4) zinc-doped β-CS (β-CS-Zn)...
March 16, 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"