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nutrition in congenital heart disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892897/the-importance-of-selected-spices-in-cardiovascular-diseases
#1
Bartosz Kulczyński, Anna Gramza-Michałowska
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide. Literature data indicate that, due to these diseases, approximately 17.5 million people died in 2012. Types of cardiovascular disease include ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral vascular disease, congenital heart disease, rheumatic heart disease, cardiomyopathy and arrhythmia. Proper nutrition is an important factor in reducing the risk of cardiovascular events. An interesting element of our diets is spices. For thousands of years, they have been used in the treatment of many diseases: bacterial infections, coughs, colds, and liver diseases...
November 14, 2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666504/creating-opportunities-for-optimal-nutritional-experiences-for-infants-with-complex-congenital-heart-disease
#2
Michelle M Steltzer, Karen Sussman-Karten, Hillary Bishop Kuzdeba, Sandra Mott, Jean Anne Connor
INTRODUCTION: To our knowledge, successful breastfeeding in the population with single ventricle congenital heart disease has not been reported in the literature, particularly during the interstage period. METHOD: A retrospective case study including inpatient nutrition and a complete history of daily logs with the home surveillance monitoring program was performed. RESULTS: Successful full breastfeeding (exceeding prescribed weight growth goals) after Stage I surgery was achieved during the interstage period...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625518/profile-and-risk-factors-for-congenital-heart-defects-a-study-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#3
Shaad Abqari, Akash Gupta, Tabassum Shahab, M U Rabbani, S Manazir Ali, Uzma Firdaus
INTRODUCTION: Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are an important cause of mortality and morbidity in children representing a major global health burden. It is thus important to determine their prevalence and spectrum and identify risk factors associated with the development of heart defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control study was carried out in the Department of Pediatrics and Center of Cardiology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India, from February 2014 to August 2015...
September 2016: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490606/nutrition-and-mesenteric-issues-in-pediatric-cardiac-critical-care
#4
Alejandro A Floh, Julie Slicker, Steven M Schwartz
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this review are to discuss the challenges of delivering adequate nutrition to children with congenital heart disease, including pre- and postoperative factors and the role of enteral and parenteral nutrition, as well as the evidence supporting current practices. DATA SOURCE: MEDLINE and PubMed. CONCLUSION: Providing adequate nutritional support is paramount for critically ill infants with congenital heart disease, a population at particular risk for malnutrition...
August 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455201/laparoscopy-is-safe-in-infants-and-neonates-with-congenital-heart-disease-a-national-study-of-3684-patients
#5
Jina Kim, Zhifei Sun, Brian R Englum, Alexander C Allori, Obinna O Adibe, Henry E Rice, Elisabeth T Tracy
PURPOSE: Concerns have been raised about the use of laparoscopic surgery (LS) in infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) due to their unique physiology. Prior studies on the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopy in children with CHD are limited in scope and cohort size. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified children <1 year of age with CHD who underwent abdominal surgery in the 2012-2013 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Project Pediatric database...
October 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26876126/nutrition-in-the-cardiac-newborns-evidence-based-nutrition-guidelines-for-cardiac-newborns
#6
REVIEW
Heidi E Karpen
Both protein and energy malnutrition are common in neonates and infants with congenital heart disease (CHD). Neonates with CHD are at increased risk of developing necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), particularly the preterm population. Mortality in patients with CHD and NEC is higher than for either disease process alone. Standardized feeding protocols may affect both incidence of NEC and growth failure in infants with CHD. The roles of human milk and probiotics have not yet been explored in this patient population...
March 2016: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26830180/preoperative-stabilization-of-infants-with-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome-before-stage-i-palliation
#7
Amy Donnellan, Lindsey Justice
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is a severe form of congenital heart disease that results in single-ventricle physiology. Although surgical palliation in infants with this syndrome is widely agreed on in practice, variation occurs in both surgical and medical management. Perinatal factors that affect preoperative management include the subtype of the syndrome and the patient's birth weight, gestational age, and genetic abnormalities. The general aspects of perioperative stabilization and management are monitoring, use of vasoactive infusions, ventilatory support, and nutrition...
February 2016: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26695725/evaluation-of-nutritional-status-and-support-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#8
A Blasquez, H Clouzeau, M Fayon, J-B Mouton, J-B Thambo, R Enaud, T Lamireau
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The objective of this disease was to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 125 children with CHD, under 6 months of age, were divided into four groups: no pulmonary hypertension (PH) or cyanosis (group 1, n=47), isolated cyanosis (group 2, n=52), isolated PH (group 3, n=16), and PH and cyanosis (group 4, n=10). Six children died at 6 months (n=4), 12 months (n=1) and 19 months (n=1)...
April 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26649002/nutritional-status-of-congenital-heart-disease-chd-patients-burden-and-determinant-of-malnutrition-at-university-of-nigeria-teaching-hospital-ituku-ozalla-enugu
#9
Ijeoma Arodiwe, Josephat Chinawa, Fortune Ujunwa, Dabere Adiele, Mildred Ukoha, Egbuna Obidike
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) are prone to malnutrition. This can have a significant effect on the outcome of surgery. Our objective was to determine the burden and determinant of malnutrition in children with several types of congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: This is a descriptive cross sectional study of children attending the outpatient clinic of UNTH, Ituku - Ozalla, Enugu State, over a six year period from March 2007 to April 2014...
September 2015: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26402465/laparoscopic-gastrojejunostomy-tube-placement-in-infants-with-congenital-cardiac-disease
#10
Chinwendu Onwubiko, Sigrid Bairdain, Andrew J Murphy, Maireade E McSweeney, Julia Perkins, Rahul H Rathod, Christopher Baird, C Jason Smithers
INTRODUCTION: Gastrojejunostomy (GJ) tubes are an option for durable enteral access for critically ill infants with congenital cardiac disease who struggle with obtaining adequate nutrition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Infants weighing less than 10 kg with cardiac disease who received placement of a laparoscopic GJ tube from November 2011 to January 2015 were reviewed. The operative technique used an umbilical port for the camera and a single stab incision for the gastric access site...
December 2015: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26236159/epidemiological-features-of-bronchiolitis-in-the-pediatric-clinic-of-clinical-center-of-sarajevo-university
#11
Ganimeta Bakalovic, Amra Dzinovic, Rusmir Baljic, Selma Dizdar, Amina Selimovic
OBJECTIVE: To present the epidemiological features of bronchiolitis in a one-year period in patients of Pediatric Clinic, Clinical Centre of Sarajevo University. INTRODUCTION: Bronchiolitis is the most common respiratory infection of early infant age. The disease is one the most common reason for hospitalization of children under the age of six months. The disease is characterized by occurrences in the winter season November-March. For daily diagnosing of severe forms of bronchiolitis as a clinical syndrome, often sufficient are the knowledge of the epidemiological data, age of the patient, clinical examination and insight into the risk factors...
June 2015: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26204536/-high-rates-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-chilean-children-with-down-syndrome
#12
Lily Jiménez, Jaime Cerda, Gigliola Alberti, Macarena Lizama
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity in Down syndrome (DS) is a common problem. Chile has a high prevalence of DS. AIM: To determine overweight and obesity rates in students with DS and evaluate the concordance of three different growth charts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy nine students with DS aged between 6 and 18 years (56% males), from three different schools, were included. Weight and height were measured and their body mass index (BMI) was calculated...
April 2015: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26180163/nutrition-support-for-children-undergoing-congenital-heart-surgeries-a-narrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Judith J M Wong, Ira M Cheifetz, Chengsi Ong, Masakazu Nakao, Jan Hau Lee
Energy imbalance in infants and children with congenital heart disease (CHD) is common and influenced by age, underlying cardiac diagnoses, and presence or absence of congestive heart failure. During the surgical hospitalization period, these children are prone to nutritional deterioration due to stress of surgery, anesthetic/perfusion techniques, and postoperative care. Poor nutrition is associated with increased perioperative morbidity and mortality. This review aims to examine various aspects of nutrition in critically ill children with CHD, including (1) energy expenditure, (2) perioperative factors that contribute to energy metabolism, (3) bedside practices that are potentially able to optimize nutrient delivery, and (4) medium- to long-term impact of energy balance on clinical outcomes...
July 2015: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26125014/nutritional-status-in-children-with-un-operated-congenital-heart-disease-an-egyptian-center-experience
#14
Basheir A Hassan, Ehab A Albanna, Saed M Morsy, Ahmed G Siam, Mona M Al Shafie, Hosam F Elsaadany, Hanan S Sherbiny, Mohamed Shehab, Oswin Grollmuss
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). This study aimed to identify prevalence and predictors of malnutrition in Egyptian children with symptomatic CHD. METHODS: This case-control study included 100 children with symptomatic CHD (76 acyanotic and 24 cyanotic) and 100 healthy children matched for age and sex as a control group. Clinical Evaluation and Laboratory Assessment of Nutritional Status were documented...
2015: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26023379/duodenal-webs-an-experience-with-18-patients
#15
Yogesh Kumar Sarin, Akshay Sharma, Shalini Sinha, Vidyanand Pramod Deshpande
AIM: To describe the management and outcome of patients with duodenal webs, managed over a period of 12 ½ years in our unit. METHODS: It is a retrospective case series of 18 patients with congenital duodenal webs, managed in our unit, between 1999 and 2011. The medical record of these patients was retrieved and analyzed for demographic details, clinical presentation, associated anomalies, and outcome. RESULTS: The median age of presentation was 8 days (range 1 day to 1...
April 2012: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25960878/a-pilot-study-of-bifidobacterium-breve-in-neonates-undergoing-surgery-for-congenital-heart-disease
#16
Takako Umenai, Nobuaki Shime, Takashi Asahara, Koji Nomoto, Toshiyuki Itoi
BACKGROUND: Probiotics have currently been widely used in patients undergoing various types of surgeries and improved their clinical outcomes, while data in pediatric cardiac surgery have been lacking. We investigated the safety and effects on the intestinal microbiota of the probiotic Bifidobacterium breve in neonates undergoing surgery for congenital heart disease. METHODS: This pilot, randomized study was performed in a single-center, university hospital-based pediatric intensive care unit (PICU)...
2014: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25861320/incidence-and-etiology-of-chylothorax-after-congenital-heart-surgery-in-children
#17
Parvin Akbari Asbagh, Mohammad Ali Navabi Shirazi, Aliakbar Soleimani, Maryam Razzaz, Naseradine Akbari Asbagh, Hussein Rayatzadeh, Mamak Shariat
BACKGROUND: Chylothorax is a rare but serious postoperative condition with a high rate of morbidity and may lead to the mortality of children undergoing congenital heart disease (CHD) surgery. This study evaluated the specific surgical procedures associated with the higher risk of postoperative chylothorax. METHODS: We assessed 435 cases undergoing CHD surgery between April 2003 and May 2006. We detected postoperative chylothorax in 6 patients. The diagnosis of chylothorax was established based on the presence of an odorless fluid with the characteristic milky appearance of the fluid (except when the patients were fasting in the immediate postoperative period), a triglyceride level greater than 110 mg/dL or between 50 and 110 mg/dL with a pleural fluid white cell count greater than 1000, and more than 80% lymphocytes on differential when the pleural fluid was not chylous...
2014: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25828781/nutritional-status-and-clinical-outcome-in-postterm-neonates-undergoing-surgery-for-congenital-heart-disease
#18
Rebecca Mitting, Luise Marino, Duncan Macrae, Nitin Shastri, Rosan Meyer, Nazima Pathan
OBJECTIVE: Poor growth is a common complication in infants with congenital heart disease. There has been much focus on low birth weight as having increased risk of adverse outcomes following neonatal heart surgery. In this study, we examined whether preoperative nutritional status, measured by admission weight-for-age z score, was associated with postoperative clinical outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Pediatric Cardiac ICU at the Royal Brompton Hospital...
June 2015: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25783306/clinical-management-of-infantile-cholelithiasis
#19
Cerine Jeanty, S Christopher Derderian, Jesse Courtier, Shinjiro Hirose
PURPOSE: Infantile cholelithiasis is a rare disease process, and management strategies are poorly defined. We therefore examined the risk factors, complications, and management of this disease at our institution. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed infants with cholelithiasis diagnosed on ultrasound between 1997 and 2013. Details of the patient's medical history, presentation, imaging findings, laboratory values, and treatment were reviewed and analyzed. RESULTS: Over the 16-year period, 50 infants were evaluated for cholelithiasis...
August 2015: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25712380/maternal-phenylketonuria-long-term-outcomes-in-offspring-and-post-pregnancy-maternal-characteristics
#20
S E Waisbren, F Rohr, V Anastasoaie, M Brown, D Harris, A Ozonoff, S Petrides, A Wessel, H L Levy
Maternal phenylketonuria (MPKU) is a well-recognized complication of PKU and one of the most potent teratogenic syndromes of pregnancy. Virtually all offspring from untreated pregnancies in women with classic PKU have intellectual disabilities and microcephaly. Congenital heart disease and intrauterine growth retardation occur many times more often than expected in the general population. Control of maternal blood phenylalanine during pregnancy prevents most if not all of these complications. Previous studies demonstrated the benefits of treatment in terms of birth parameters and early development...
2015: JIMD Reports
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