keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Repressed memories

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896150/recovery-of-repressed-memories-in-fibromyalgia-patients-treated-with-hyperbaric-oxygen-case-series-presentation-and-suggested-bio-psycho-social-mechanism
#1
Shai Efrati, Amir Hadanny, Shir Daphna-Tekoah, Yair Bechor, Kobi Tiberg, Nimrod Pik, Gil Suzin, Rachel Lev-Wiesel
Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS) is a condition considered to represent a prototype of central sensitization syndrome, characterized by chronic widespread pain and along with symptoms of fatigue, non-restorative sleep and cognitive difficulties. FMS can be induced by trauma, infection or emotional stress with cumulative evidence that dissociation is relatively frequent in FMS patients. Two randomized controlled trials have shown that hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) can induce neuroplasticity and be effective in patients suffering from FMS...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875284/mathematical-model-of-a-serine-integrase-controlled-toggle-switch-with-a-single-input
#2
Alexandra Pokhilko, Oliver Ebenhöh, W Marshall Stark, Sean D Colloms
Dual-state genetic switches that can change their state in response to input signals can be used in synthetic biology to encode memory and control gene expression. A transcriptional toggle switch (TTS), with two mutually repressing transcription regulators, was previously used for switching between two expression states. In other studies, serine integrases have been used to control DNA inversion switches that can alternate between two different states. Both of these switches use two different inputs to switch ON or OFF...
June 2018: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860001/inhibition-of-histone-deacetylase-3-via-rgfp966-facilitates-cortical-plasticity-underlying-unusually-accurate-auditory-associative-cue-memory-for-excitatory-and-inhibitory-cue-reward-associations
#3
Andrea Shang, Sooraz Bylipudi, Kasia M Bieszczad
Epigenetic mechanisms are key for regulating long-term memory (LTM) and are known to exert control on memory formation in multiple systems of the adult brain, including the sensory cortex. One epigenetic mechanism is chromatin modification by histone acetylation. Blocking the action of histone de-acetylases (HDACs) that normally negatively regulate LTM by repressing transcription, has been shown to enable memory formation. Indeed, HDAC-inhibition appears to facilitate memory by altering the dynamics of gene expression events important for memory consolidation...
May 31, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791850/the-memory-of-environmental-chemical-exposure-in-c-elegans-is-dependent-on-the-jumonji-demethylases-jmjd-2-and-jmjd-3-utx-1
#4
Jessica Camacho, Lisa Truong, Zeyneb Kurt, Yen-Wei Chen, Marco Morselli, Gerardo Gutierrez, Matteo Pellegrini, Xia Yang, Patrick Allard
How artificial environmental cues are biologically integrated and transgenerationally inherited is still poorly understood. Here, we investigate the mechanisms of inheritance of reproductive outcomes elicited by the model environmental chemical Bisphenol A in C. elegans. We show that Bisphenol A (BPA) exposure causes the derepression of an epigenomically silenced transgene in the germline for 5 generations, regardless of ancestral response. Chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-seq), histone modification quantitation, and immunofluorescence assays revealed that this effect is associated with a reduction of the repressive marks H3K9me3 and H3K27me3 in whole worms and in germline nuclei in the F3, as well as with reproductive dysfunctions, including germline apoptosis and embryonic lethality...
May 22, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753648/nicotinamide-phosphoribosyltransferase-regulates-cocaine-reward-through-sirtuin-1
#5
Jueying Kong, Changman Du, Linhong Jiang, Wei Jiang, Pengchi Deng, Xue Shao, Baolai Zhang, Yan Li, Ruiming Zhu, Qian Zhao, Dengqi Fu, Hui Gu, Li Luo, Hailei Long, Yinglan Zhao, Xiaobo Cen
Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT), a rate-limiting enzyme in nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) biosynthesis in mammals, converts nicotinamide into nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN). NMN is subsequently converted to NAD, a component that is critical for cell energy metabolism and survival. Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), an NAD-dependent histone deacetylase, plays an important role in mediating memory and synaptic plasticity. Here, we found that NAMPT was significantly upregulated in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) of cocaine-conditioned mice...
May 10, 2018: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752268/preferred-hexoses-influence-long-term-memory-and-induction-of-lactose-catabolism-by-streptococcus-mutans
#6
Lin Zeng, Lulu Chen, Robert A Burne
Bacteria prioritize sugar metabolism via carbohydrate catabolite repression, which regulates global gene expression to optimize the catabolism of preferred substrates. Here, we report an unusual long-term memory effect in certain Streptococcus mutans strains that alters adaptation to growth on lactose after prior exposure to glucose or fructose. In strain GS-5, cells that were first cultured on fructose then transferred to lactose displayed an exceptionally long lag (>11 h) and slower growth, compared to cells first cultured on glucose or cellobiose, which displayed a reduction in lag phase by as much as 10 h...
May 11, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733847/structural-insight-into-the-role-of-val1-b3-domain-for-targeting-to-flc-locus-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#7
Baixing Wu, Mengmeng Zhang, Shichen Su, Hehua Liu, Jianhua Gan, Jinbiao Ma
Vernalization is a pivotal stage for some plants involving many epigenetic changes during cold exposure. In Arabidopsis, an essential step in vernalization for further flowering is successful silence the potent floral repressor Flowering Locus C (FLC) by repressing histone mark. AtVal1 is a multi-function protein containing five domains that participate into many recognition processes and is validated to recruit the repress histone modifier PHD-PRC2 complex and interact with components of the ASAP complex target to the FLC nucleation region through recognizing a cis element known as CME (cold memory element) by its plant-specific B3 domain...
May 9, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674970/hypothesis-the-psychedelic-ayahuasca-heals-traumatic-memories-via-a-sigma-1-receptor-mediated-epigenetic-mnemonic-process
#8
Antonio Inserra
Ayahuasca ingestion modulates brain activity, neurotransmission, gene expression and epigenetic regulation. N,N -Dimethyltryptamine (DMT, one of the alkaloids in Ayahuasca) activates sigma 1 receptor (SIGMAR1) and others. SIGMAR1 is a multi-faceted stress-responsive receptor which promotes cell survival, neuroprotection, neuroplasticity, and neuroimmunomodulation. Simultaneously, monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) also present in Ayahuasca prevent the degradation of DMT. One peculiarity of SIGMAR1 activation and MAOI activity is the reversal of mnemonic deficits in pre-clinical models...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669249/the-transcription-factor-runx3-establishes-chromatin-accessibility-of-cis-regulatory-landscapes-that-drive-memory-cytotoxic-t-lymphocyte-formation
#9
Dapeng Wang, Huitian Diao, Adam J Getzler, Walter Rogal, Megan A Frederick, Justin Milner, Bingfei Yu, Shane Crotty, Ananda W Goldrath, Matthew E Pipkin
T cell receptor (TCR) stimulation of naive CD8+ T cells initiates reprogramming of cis-regulatory landscapes that specify effector and memory cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) differentiation. We mapped regions of hyper-accessible chromatin in naive cells during TCR stimulation and discovered that the transcription factor (TF) Runx3 promoted accessibility to memory CTL-specific cis-regulatory regions before the first cell division and was essential for memory CTL differentiation. Runx3 was specifically required for accessibility to regions highly enriched with IRF, bZIP and Prdm1-like TF motifs, upregulation of TFs Irf4 and Blimp1, and activation of fundamental CTL attributes in early effector and memory precursor cells...
April 17, 2018: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664561/the-function-and-dysfunction-of-memory-cd8-t-cells-in-tumor-immunity
#10
REVIEW
James L Reading, Felipe Gálvez-Cancino, Charles Swanton, Alvaro Lladser, Karl S Peggs, Sergio A Quezada
The generation and maintenance of CD8+ T cell memory is crucial to long-term host survival, yet the basic tenets of CD8+ T cell immunity are still being established. Recent work has led to the discovery of tissue-resident memory cells and refined our understanding of the transcriptional and epigenetic basis of CD8+ T cell differentiation and dysregulation. In parallel, the unprecedented clinical success of immunotherapy has galvanized an intense, global research effort to decipher and de-repress the anti-tumor response...
May 2018: Immunological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625150/nimodipine-represses-ampk-phosphorylation-and-excessive-autophagy-after-chronic-cerebral-hypoperfusion-in-rats
#11
Yan Chen, Zhenli Guo, Xingming Peng, Wenting Xie, Lizhu Chen, Zihu Tan
Chronic cerebral hypofusion (CCH) after bilateral carotid artery occlusion (2VO) causes cognitive damage and neuronal degeneration in the cortex and hippocampal CA1 area, and influences the oxygen and glucose supply in the brain which often results in metabolic alterations and oxidative stress. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation, a sensor of cellular energy status, directs metabolic adaptation to support cellular growth and survival after CCH. Autophagy is also likely to be involved in metabolic adaptation and plays an important role in neuronal deterioration and cognitive decline after CCH...
April 3, 2018: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614311/mir-138-sirt1-axis-is-implicated-in-impaired-learning-and-memory-abilities-of-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injured-rats
#12
Feng Tian, Chao Yuan, Hongmei Yue
The present study aimed to explore whether deregulated miR-138 is implicated in cerebral I/R injury-impaired learning and memory abilities. Rats were subjected to bilateral common carotid occlusion followed by reperfusion to induce cerebral I/R injury. A model of oxygen-glucose deprivation and reperfusion (OGD/R) was conducted to mimic cerebral I/R conditions in vitro. MiR-138 expression levels were reduced in the hippocampus of cerebral I/R injured rats. Inhibition of miR-138 ameliorated the impaired learning and memory abilities of rats, and promoted autophagy and thus attenuated apoptosis in the OGD/R-treated hippocampal neurons...
June 15, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597004/neuroprotective-effect-of-docosahexaenoic-acid-in-rat-traumatic-brain-injury-model-via-regulation-of-tlr4-nf-kappa-b-signaling-pathway
#13
Ri Tang, Yi-Mei Lin, Hong-Xing Liu, Er-Song Wang
OBJECTIVE: The experiments were conducted to prove that docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) alleviates traumatic brain injury (TBI) through regulating TLR4/NF-Kappa B signaling pathway. METHODS: Bioinformatic analysis was performed using published data from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database to investigate differentially expressed genes and signaling pathways. Controlled cortical impact (CCI) injury rat model was built, and DHA (16 mg/kg in DMSO, once each day) was used to treat TBI rats...
June 2018: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535264/tslp-signaling-in-cd4-t-cells-programs-a-pathogenic-t-helper-2-cell-state
#14
Yrina Rochman, Krista Dienger-Stambaugh, Phoebe K Richgels, Ian P Lewkowich, Andrey V Kartashov, Artem Barski, Gurjit K Khurana Hershey, Warren J Leonard, Harinder Singh
Pathogenic T helper 2 (TH 2) cells, which produce increased amounts of the cytokines interleukin-5 (IL-5) and IL-13, promote allergic disorders, including asthma. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), a cytokine secreted by epithelial and innate immune cells, stimulates such pathogenic TH 2 cell responses. We found that TSLP signaling in mouse CD4+ T cells initiated transcriptional changes associated with TH 2 cell programming. IL-4 signaling amplified and stabilized the genomic response of T cells to TSLP, which increased the frequency of T cells producing IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13...
March 13, 2018: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519323/icariside-ii-ameliorates-ibotenic-acid-induced-cognitive-impairment-and-apoptotic-response-via-modulation-of-mapk-pathway-in-rats
#15
Lianzi He, Yuanyuan Deng, Jianmei Gao, Lingrong Zeng, Qihai Gong
BACKGROUND: Excitotoxicity is extensively recognized as a major pathological process of neuronal death and has been proved to play a key role in Alzheimer's disease (AD). ICS II, a flavonoid compound from Herba Epimedii Maxim, is attracting great interests due to its neuroprotective properties. PURPOSE: The present study was aimed to explore the effects of ICS II on cognitive dysfunction and apoptotic response induced by excitatory neurotoxin ibotenic acid (IBO) injection in rats...
March 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499102/lupus-regulator-peptide-p140-represses-b-cell-differentiation-by-reducing-hla-class-ii-molecule-overexpression
#16
Maud Wilhelm, Fengjuan Wang, Nicolas Schall, Jean-François Kleinmann, Michael Faludi, Emil Pablo Nashi, Jean Sibilia, Thierry Martin, Evelyne Schaeffer, Sylviane Muller
OBJECTIVE: Phosphopeptide P140 (Lupuzor) is an inhibitor of autophagy currently being evaluated in late-stage clinical trials for the treatment of lupus. This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of P140 ex vivo on human T and B cells. METHODS: Human B cells, T cells, and dendritic cells were analyzed by flow cytometry and cellular assays. The expression of autophagy markers was evaluated by immunoblotting and flow cytometry. The levels of B cell receptor (BCR) signaling markers and HLA molecules were assessed by flow cytometry...
March 2, 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474581/thermopriming-triggers-splicing-memory-in-arabidopsis
#17
Yu Ling, Natalia Serrano, Ge Gao, Mohamed Atia, Morad Mokhtar, Yong H Woo, Jeremie Bazin, Alaguraj Veluchamy, Moussa Benhamed, Martin Crespi, Christoph Gehring, A S N Reddy, Magdy M Mahfouz
Abiotic and biotic stresses limit crop productivity. Exposure to a non-lethal stress, referred to as priming, can allow plants to survive subsequent and otherwise lethal conditions; the priming effect persists even after a prolonged stress-free period. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying priming are not fully understood. Here, we investigated the molecular basis of heat-shock memory and the role of priming in Arabidopsis thaliana. Comprehensive analysis of transcriptome-wide changes in gene expression and alternative splicing in primed and non-primed plants revealed that alternative splicing functions as a novel component of heat-shock memory...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470492/memory-functions-reveal-structural-properties-of-gene-regulatory-networks
#18
Edgar Herrera-Delgado, Ruben Perez-Carrasco, James Briscoe, Peter Sollich
Gene regulatory networks (GRNs) control cellular function and decision making during tissue development and homeostasis. Mathematical tools based on dynamical systems theory are often used to model these networks, but the size and complexity of these models mean that their behaviour is not always intuitive and the underlying mechanisms can be difficult to decipher. For this reason, methods that simplify and aid exploration of complex networks are necessary. To this end we develop a broadly applicable form of the Zwanzig-Mori projection...
February 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459824/-egr3-immediate-early-gene-and-the-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-bipolar-disorder
#19
Bianca Pfaffenseller, Flavio Kapczinski, Amelia L Gallitano, Fábio Klamt
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a severe psychiatric illness with a consistent genetic influence, involving complex interactions between numerous genes and environmental factors. Immediate early genes (IEGs) are activated in the brain in response to environmental stimuli, such as stress. The potential to translate environmental stimuli into long-term changes in brain has led to increased interest in a potential role for these genes influencing risk for psychiatric disorders. Our recent finding using network-based approach has shown that the regulatory unit of early growth response gene 3 ( EGR3 ) of IEGs family was robustly repressed in postmortem prefrontal cortex of BD patients...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301062/regulatory-roles-of-histone-deacetylases-1-and-2-in-pb-induced-neurotoxicity
#20
Yulan Wu, Yi Xu, Xiyao Huang, Danlei Ye, Miaomiao Han, Hui-Li Wang
Lead (Pb) prevails among the environmental hazards against human health. Although increasing evidence highlights the epigenetic roles underlying the Pb-induced neurotoxicity, the exact mechanisms concerning histone acetylation and its causative agents are still at its infancy. In the present study, the roles of histone deacetylases 1 and 2 (HDAC1/2), as well as acetylation of Lys9 on histone H3 (Ac-H3K9), in Pb-induced neurotoxicity were investigated. Pb was administered to PC12 cells at 10 μM for 24 h...
April 1, 2018: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
keyword
keyword
11705
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"