keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Th2 biomarkers

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918442/the-role-of-periostin-in-lung-fibrosis-and-airway-remodeling
#1
REVIEW
David N O'Dwyer, Bethany B Moore
Periostin is a protein that plays a key role in development and repair within the biological matrix of the lung. As a matricellular protein that does not contribute to extracellular matrix structure, periostin interacts with other extracellular matrix proteins to regulate the composition of the matrix in the lung and other organs. In this review, we discuss the studies exploring the role of periostin to date in chronic respiratory diseases, namely asthma and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Asthma is a major health problem globally affecting millions of people worldwide with significant associated morbidity and mortality...
September 16, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887947/therapeutic-pipeline-for-atopic-dermatitis-end-of-the-drought
#2
REVIEW
Amy S Paller, Kenji Kabashima, Thomas Bieber
Until the past year, our therapeutic armamentarium for treating atopic dermatitis (AD) was still primarily topical corticosteroids and, for more severe disease, systemic immunosuppressants. The pipeline of more targeted topical and systemic therapies is expanding based on our growing understanding of the mechanism for AD and is particularly focused on suppressing the skewed immune activation. Most agents are in phase 2 clinical trials. Crisaborole, a topical phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitor, became available in late 2016 in the United States for mild-to-moderate AD, with other PDE4 inhibitors, an agonist of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor, Janus kinase inhibitors, and commensal organisms also in trials for topical application...
September 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863927/the-role-of-non-invasive-modalities-for-assessing-inflammation-in-patients-with-non-cystic-fibrosis-bronchiectasis
#3
Stamatoula Tsikrika, Katerina Dimakou, Andriana I Papaioannou, Georgios Hillas, Loukas Thanos, Kostantinos Kostikas, Stelios Loukides, Spyros Papiris, Nickolaos Koulouris, Petros Bakakos
INTRODUCTION: Bronchiectasis is a heterogeneous entity, taking into account clinical characteristics, inflammatory response, effectiveness of treatment and frequency of exacerbations. In stable state non-cystic fibrosis (non-CF) bronchiectasis, little is known about non-invasive techniques used for evaluating airway inflammation in obstructive airway diseases. OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the associations between induced sputum and clinical/radiologic characteristics, and the differences between biomarkers expressing Th1 and Th2 response in patients with non-CF bronchiectasis and to compare our findings with a previously studied population of patients with asthma and COPD...
August 29, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815006/biomarkers-in-inflammometry-pediatric-asthma-utility-in-daily-clinical-practice
#4
REVIEW
Silvia Sánchez-García, Alicia Habernau Mena, Santiago Quirce
Asthma is a common disease in both high and lower income countries that starts early and persists often for life. A correct and accurate diagnosis, treatment and follow-up during childhood are essential for a better understanding of adult asthma and avoiding over- or under-treatment. Th2 inflammation in children with asthma symptoms is usually assessed by measuring with serum total IgE, blood eosinophilia and FeNO levels that may help to predict asthma, particularly in those infants and young children in whom lung function tests are difficult to perform...
2017: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802664/cytokines-and-soluble-hla-g-levels-in-bone-marrow-stroma-and-their-association-with-the-survival-rate-of-patients-exhibiting-childhood-t-cell-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#5
Renata Dos Santos Almeida, Alessandra Maria de Luna Ramos, Carlos Feitosa Luna, Francisco Pedrosa, Eduardo Antônio Donadi, Norma Lucena-Silva
Leukemic cells can induce defective expression of soluble factors and change marrow cytokine profile, leading to aberrant cell signaling, cell fixation and cell proliferation in bone marrow. T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive disorder which accounts for 15% of pediatric ALL. To evaluate the contribution of immunological factors on T-ALL survival, we measured Th1, Th2, Th17 cytokines and soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) levels in bone marrow from 32 Brazilian children at diagnosis (D0), after induction (D19) and after consolidation (D49) of the chemotherapy phase...
August 9, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768806/a-phenotypically-and-functionally-distinct-human-th2-cell-subpopulation-is-associated-with-allergic-disorders
#6
Erik Wambre, Veronique Bajzik, Jonathan H DeLong, Kimberly O'Brien, Quynh-Anh Nguyen, Cate Speake, Vivian H Gersuk, Hannah A DeBerg, Elizabeth Whalen, Chester Ni, Mary Farrington, David Jeong, David Robinson, Peter S Linsley, Brian P Vickery, William W Kwok
Allergen-specific type 2 helper T (TH2) cells play a central role in initiating and orchestrating the allergic and asthmatic inflammatory response pathways. One major factor limiting the use of such atopic disease-causing T cells as both therapeutic targets and clinically useful biomarkers is the lack of an accepted methodology to identify and differentiate these cells from overall nonpathogenic TH2 cell types. We have described a subset of human memory TH2 cells confined to atopic individuals that includes all allergen-specific TH2 cells...
August 2, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759590/mixed-th1-and-th2-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-specific-cd4-t-cell-responses-in-patients-with-active-pulmonary-tuberculosis-from-tanzania
#7
Patrizia Amelio, Damien Portevin, Klaus Reither, Francis Mhimbira, Maxmillian Mpina, Anneth Tumbo, Beatrice Nickel, Hanspeter Marti, Stefanie Knopp, Song Ding, Adam Penn-Nicholson, Fatoumatta Darboe, Khalid Ohmiti, Thomas J Scriba, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Claudia Daubenberger, Matthieu Perreau
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) and helminth infections elicit antagonistic immune effector functions and are co-endemic in several regions of the world. We therefore hypothesized that helminth infection may influence Mtb-specific T-cell immune responses. We evaluated the cytokine profile of Mtb-specific T cells in 72 individuals with pulmonary TB disease recruited from two Sub-Saharan regions with high and moderate helminth burden i.e. 55 from Tanzania (TZ) and 17 from South Africa (SA), respectively. We showed that Mtb-specific CD4 T-cell functional profile of TB patients from Tanzania are primarily composed of polyfunctional Th1 and Th2 cells, associated with increased expression of Gata-3 and reduced expression of T-bet in memory CD4 T cells...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757198/dissecting-the-immune-pathways-stimulated-following-injection-vaccination-of-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-against-enteric-redmouth-disease-erm
#8
Eakapol Wangkahart, Christopher J Secombes, Tiehui Wang
Enteric redmouth disease (ERM or yersiniosis) is one of the most important diseases of salmonids and leads to significant economic losses. It is caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Yersinia ruckeri but can be controlled by bacterin vaccination. The first commercial ERM vaccine was licenced in 1976 and is one of the most significant and successful health practices within the aquaculture industry. Although ERM vaccination provides complete protection, knowledge of the host immune response to the vaccine and the molecular mechanisms that underpin the protection elicited is limited...
July 27, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741378/procainamide-induced-autoimmunity-relationship-to-t-helper-2-type-t-cell-activation
#9
Y Huang, Z Lin, Y Huo, X Geng, M Li, Y Yang, B Li
Drug-induced autoimmunity (DIA) refers to a group of adverse drug reactions, and they remain unpredictable largely due to the limited understanding of the mechanisms involved. There is evidence that procainamide can cause autoimmune reactions in humans but the mechanisms involved remain unclear. To examine the cellular and genetic factors involved in the procainamide-induced autoimmune response, we compared rats that are genetically T-helper (Th)2-predisposed (Brown Norway (BN)), Th1-predisposed (Lewis (LEW)) or not genetically predisposed (Sprague Dawley (SD))...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738246/crocin-modulates-il-4-il-13-signaling-and-ameliorates-experimentally-induced-allergic-airway-asthma-in-a-murine-model
#10
Haidy Yosri, Wagdi F Elkashef, Eman Said, Nariman M Gameil
Allergic asthma is a chronic respiratory disease with a prevalent T helper (Th2)-mediated immune reaction. Crocin, the major bioactive constituent of saffron, has been reported in multiple studies to have numerous pharmacological activities, including prominent anti-oxidant activities. In the current study, the anti-asthmatic potential of crocin was evaluated. Adult male Swiss Albino mice were administered 10mg of ovalbumin (OVA) mixed with 1mg of aluminum hydroxide intraperitoneally on days 0 and 7 and were administered crocin (25mg/kg) orally daily for 16days...
September 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722826/inflammatory-profile-in-x-linked-adrenoleukodystrophy-patients-understanding-disease-progression
#11
Desirèe Padilha Marchetti, Bruna Donida, Carlos Eduardo Jacques, Marion Deon, Tatiane Cristina Hauschild, Patricia Koehler-Santos, Daniella de Moura Coelho, Adriana Simon Coitinho, Laura Bannach Jardim, Carmen Regla Vargas
X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is an inherited disease characterized by progressive inflammatory demyelization in the brain, adrenal insufficiency, and an abnormal accumulation of very long chain fatty acids (VLCFA) in tissue and body fluids. Considering that inflammation might be involved in pathophysiology of X-ALD, we aimed to investigate pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in plasma from three different male phenotypes (CCER, AMN, and asymptomatic individuals). Our results showed that asymptomatic patients presented increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-2, IL-8, and TNF-α and the last one was also higher in AMN phenotype...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701525/cigarette-smoke-differentially-affects-il-13-induced-gene-expression-in-human-airway-epithelial-cells
#12
Tinne C J Mertens, Anne M van der Does, Loes E Kistemaker, Dennis K Ninaber, Christian Taube, Pieter S Hiemstra
Allergic airways inflammation in asthma is characterized by an airway epithelial gene signature composed of POSTN, CLCA1, and SERPINB2 This Th2 gene signature is proposed as a tool to classify patients with asthma into Th2-high and Th2-low phenotypes. However, many asthmatics smoke and the effects of cigarette smoke exposure on the epithelial Th2 gene signature are largely unknown. Therefore, we investigated the combined effect of IL-13 and whole cigarette smoke (CS) on the Th2 gene signature and the mucin-related genes MUC5AC and SPDEF in air-liquid interface differentiated human bronchial (ALI-PBEC) and tracheal epithelial cells (ALI-PTEC)...
July 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698115/interleukin-17-selectively-predicts-better-outcomes-with-bupropion-ssri-combination-novel-t-cell-biomarker-for-antidepressant-medication-selection
#13
Manish K Jha, Abu Minhajuddin, Bharathi Gadad, Tracy L Greer, Taryn L Mayes, Madhukar H Trivedi
BACKGROUND: Interleukin 17 (IL-17) is produced by highly inflammatory Th17 cells and has been implicated in pathophysiology of depression. IL-17 putatively disrupts the blood brain barrier and affects dopamine synthesis whereas dopamine has been shown to decrease Th17 cell-mediated immune response. Nevertheless, whether IL-17 can predict differential treatment outcome with antidepressants modulating dopaminergic transmission is unknown. METHODS: IL-17 and other T cell and non-T cell markers (Th1, Th2 and non-T cell markers) were measured with the Bioplex Pro™ human cytokine 27-plex kit in the Combining Medications to Enhance Depression Outcomes (CO-MED) trial participants who provided baseline plasma and were treated with either bupropion plus escitalopram (bupropion-SSRI), escitalopram plus placebo (SSRI monotherapy), or venlafaxine plus mirtazapine (n=166)...
July 8, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663317/a-sputum-gene-expression-signature-predicts-oral-corticosteroid-response%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-asthma
#14
Bronwyn S Berthon, Peter G Gibson, Lisa G Wood, Lesley K MacDonald-Wicks, Katherine J Baines
Biomarkers that predict responses to oral corticosteroids (OCS) facilitate patient selection for asthma treatment. We hypothesised that asthma patients would respond differently to OCS therapy, with biomarkers and inflammometry predicting response.Adults with stable asthma underwent a randomised controlled cross-over trial of 50 mg prednisolone daily for 10 days (n=55). A six-gene expression biomarker signature (CLC, CPA3, DNASE1L3, IL1B, ALPL and CXCR2) in induced sputum, and eosinophils in blood and sputum were assessed and predictors of response were investigated (changes in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (ΔFEV1), six-item Asthma Control Questionnaire score (ΔACQ6) or exhaled nitric oxide fraction (ΔFeNO))...
June 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658560/il-33-biological-properties-functions-and-roles-in-airway-disease
#15
REVIEW
Li Yin Drake, Hirohito Kita
Interleukin (IL)-33 is a key cytokine involved in type 2 immunity and allergic airway diseases. Abundantly expressed in lung epithelial cells, IL-33 plays critical roles in both innate and adaptive immune responses in mucosal organs. In innate immunity, IL-33 and group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) provide an essential axis for rapid immune responses and tissue homeostasis. In adaptive immunity, IL-33 interacts with dendritic cells, Th2 cells, follicular T cells, and regulatory T cells, where IL-33 influences the development of chronic airway inflammation and tissue remodeling...
July 2017: Immunological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629361/decoy-receptor-3-an-endogenous-immunomodulator-in-cancer-growth-and-inflammatory-reactions
#16
REVIEW
Shie-Liang Hsieh, Wan-Wan Lin
Decoy receptor 3 (DcR3), also known as tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) superfamily member 6b (TNFRSF6B), is a soluble decoy receptor which can neutralize the biological functions of three members of tumor necrosis factor superfamily (TNFSF): Fas ligand (FasL), LIGHT, and TL1A. In addition to 'decoy' function, recombinant DcR3.Fc is able to modulate the activation and differentiation of dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages via 'non-decoy' action. DcR3-treated DCs skew T cell differentiation into Th2 phenotype, while DcR3-treated macrophages behave M2 phenotype...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583618/new-anti-eosinophil-drugs-for-asthma-and%C3%A2-copd-targeting-the-trait
#17
REVIEW
Elisabeth H Bel, Anneke Ten Brinke
Asthma and COPD are prevalent chronic inflammatory airway diseases that are responsible for a large global disease burden. Both diseases are complex and heterogeneous, and they are increasingly recognized as overlapping syndromes that may share similar pathophysiologic mechanisms and treatable traits. Eosinophilic airway inflammation is considered the most influential treatable trait of chronic airway disease, and over the last decade, several monoclonal antibodies and small molecule therapies have been developed to target this trait...
June 2, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575534/ccl2-in-the-circulation-predicts-long-term-progression-of-interstitial-lung-disease-in-patients-with-early-systemic-sclerosis-data-from-two-independent-cohorts
#18
Minghua Wu, Murray Baron, Claudia Pedroza, Gloria A Salazar, Jun Ying, Julio Charles, Sandeep K Agarwal, Marie Hudson, Janet Pope, Xiaodong Zhou, John D Reveille, Marvin J Fritzler, Maureen D Mayes, Shervin Assassi
OBJECTIVE: There are few clinical predictors of the progression of systemic sclerosis (SSc)-related interstitial lung disease (ILD). The purpose of this study was to examine the predictive significance of key cytokines for long-term progression of ILD and survival in 2 independent cohorts of patients with early SSc. METHODS: Plasma levels of 11 Th1/Th2 cytokines (interleukin-1β [IL-1β], IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12, IL-13, tumor necrosis factor, CCL2, interferon-inducible T cell α chemoattractant, and interferon-γ-inducible 10-kd protein) were measured in 266 patients with early SSc in the Genetics versus Environment in Scleroderma Outcome Study (GENISOS) discovery cohort...
September 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575522/identification-of-biomarker-sets-for-predicting-the-efficacy-of-sublingual-immunotherapy-against-pollen-induced-allergic-rhinitis
#19
Minoru Gotoh, Osamu Kaminuma, Akihiro Nakaya, Kazufumi Katayama, Yuji Motoi, Nobumasa Watanabe, Mayumi Saeki, Tomoe Nishimura, Noriko Kitamura, Kazuko Yamaoka, Kimihiro Okubo, Takachika Hiroi
Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) is effective against allergic rhinitis, although a substantial proportion of individuals is refractory. Herein, we describe a predictive modality to reliably identify SLIT non-responders (NRs). We conducted a 2-year clinical study in 193 adult patients with Japanese cedar pollinosis, with biweekly administration of 2000 Japanese allergy units of cedar pollen extract as the maintenance dose. After identifying high-responder (HR) patients with improved severity scores and NR patients with unchanged or exacerbated symptoms, differences in 33 HR and 34 NR patients were evaluated in terms of peripheral blood cellular profiles by flow cytometry and serum factors by ELISA and cytokine bead array, both pre- and post-SLIT...
June 1, 2017: International Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571570/immunological-and-virological-characterization-of-hiv-1-viremia-controllers-in-the-north-region-of-brazil
#20
Samara Tatielle M Gomes, Érica R Gomes, Mike B Dos Santos, Sandra S Lima, Maria Alice F Queiroz, Luiz Fernando A Machado, Izaura M V Cayres-Vallinoto, Antonio Carlos R Vallinoto, Marluísa de O Guimarães Ishak, Ricardo Ishak
BACKGROUND: A rare phenotype of clinical non-progressors to AIDS is not well understood and the new protocol for universal treatment, may block the understanding of viral control thus it is crucial to define this controversial group. METHODS: A cohort of 30 persons followed a criteria for viremia control groups 1 (VC1; n = 2) and 2 (VC2; n = 7) and non-viral controllers (NC; n = 21) including number of years of diagnosis, LTCD4(+), LTCD8(+) counts, plasma viral load and the absence of ART; 241 uninfected control persons were matched to age and sex...
June 1, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
keyword
keyword
117045
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"