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Jill Demirci, Mandy Schmella, Melissa Glasser, Lisa Bodnar, Katherine P Himes
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is a multi-system, hypertensive disorder of pregnancy that increases a woman's risk of later-life cardiovascular disease. Breastfeeding may counteract the negative cardiovascular sequela associated with preeclampsia; however, women who develop preeclampsia may be at-risk for suboptimal breastfeeding rates. In this case series, we present three cases of late-onset preeclampsia and one case of severe gestational hypertension that illustrate a potential association between hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and suboptimal breastfeeding outcomes, including delayed onset of lactogenesis II and in-hospital formula supplementation...
March 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
C E Homeyard, E Patelarou
OBJECTIVES: To identify the existing antenatal information provision practices for pregnant women with intellectual disabilities in England. To identify how practices between and within local supervising authorities differed, and if midwives were adapting standard antenatal information for pregnant women with intellectual disabilities, including examples of accessible information being used. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: All contact supervisors of midwives from acute trusts with maternity services were accessed via the local supervisor of midwives officers' databases and sent a questionnaire...
March 10, 2018: Public Health
Erin McMahon, Cecilia Jevitt, Barbara Aronson
INTRODUCTION: Intrapartum emergencies occur infrequently but require a prompt and competent response from the midwife to prevent morbidity and mortality of the woman, fetus, and newborn. Simulation provides the opportunity for student midwives to develop competence in a safe environment. The purpose of this study was to determine the inter-rater reliability of the McMahon Competence Assessment Instrument (MCAI) for use with student midwives during a simulated shoulder dystocia scenario...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
F Bellussi, L Alcamisi, G Guizzardi, D Parma, G Pilu
OBJECTIVES: to investigate the usefulness of visual biofeedback by transperineal ultrasound to improve the pushing coaching during the active second stage of labor in nulliparous women. METHODS: a randomized controlled trial of low risk nulliparous women in the active second stage of labor. Patients were allocated either to coaching aided by visual demonstration of the progress of the fetal head by transperineal ultrasound (sonographic coaching, Group A) or to classical coaching (Group B)...
March 13, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Sanjay Chauhan, Sayeed Unisa, Beena Joshi, Ragini Kulkarni, Amarjeet Singh, Thilakavathi Subramanian, Ramendra Narayan Chaudhuri, A C Baishya, Shalini Bharat, Anushree Patil, Achhelal Pasi, Dinesh Agarwal
Background: Infertility is a neglected service component in the public health-care system in India. Objectives: This study aims to assess the availability and practices on prevention and management services for infertility in the district health system. Methodology: A cross-sectional survey of selected health facilities and the staff from 12 district hospitals (DHs), 24 community health centers (CHCs), 48 primary health centers (PHCs), and 48 subcenters was conducted using qualitative and quantitative methods...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Stephen Matthey, Frances Bilbao
BACKGROUND: Routine screening for emotional health difficulties in women during pregnancy is now advocated in several countries. There is a need therefore to compare the performance of different self-report measures to accomplish this. This study reports on the comparative performance of two such measures- the well-established PHQ-2, which aims to detect depression, and the more recent MGMQ, which aims to detect a wide array of negative emotions. METHOD: Women (N = 2292) attending a public hospital antenatal clinic over a 14-month period completed the two measures, either on their own (72%), verbally administered by the midwife (25%), or with an interpreter (3%)...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Catherine R Alexander, Fiona Bogossian
BACKGROUND: An allegation of negligence or an adverse outcome during childbirth can lead to clinical investigation of a midwife's practice. Anecdotal evidence suggests midwives find this stressful and disturbing. AIM: Synthesise the evidence relating to midwives' experiences of investigation and the effects on clinical practice and personal wellbeing. METHODS: Two database searches were conducted between 2015 and 2016 to identify primary research published between 1990 and 2016...
March 7, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Liz Floyd, Fiona Bryce, Rohit Ramaswamy, Adeyemi Olufolabi, Emmanuel Srofenyoh, David Goodman, Nancy Pearson, Kerry Morgan, Cecilia Tetteh, Victoria Ahwireng, Medge Owen
OBJECTIVE: to introduce and embed a midwife-led obstetric triage system in a busy labour ward in Accra, Ghana to improve the quality of care and to reduce delay. DESIGN: the study utilized a participatory action research design. Local staff participated in baseline data collection, the triage training course design and delivery, and post-training monitoring and evaluation. SETTING: a regional referral hospital in Accra, Ghana undertaking 11,032 deliveries in 2012...
February 12, 2018: Midwifery
Sadie Geraghty, Kim Oliver
AIMS: The aims of this study were to gain an understanding of the experiences of nurses and midwives enrolled in a PhD, explore any barriers that PhD students encounter whilst completing the degree, and develop recommendations for consideration in formulating support strategies to encourage completion for nurses and midwives enrolled on a PhD degree. BACKGROUND: It is important to understand what is happening at doctoral level education for nurses and midwives, and how those enrolled on PhD courses can successfully complete their studies, transition learning, and acquire the ability to undertake research into the clinical environments...
February 21, 2018: Nurse Education Today
S Morano, L Migliorini, N Rania, L Piano, T Tassara, J Nicoletti, I Lundgren
OBJECTIVE: The present study represents a qualitative research aimed to explore the obstetricians' psychological experiences of birth. BACKGROUND: During labour the role of obstetricians assumes a fundamental importance in hospitalised childbirth. However, literature analysis has shown that the psychological side of birth has been investigated only considering the woman's and midwife's points of view. The obstetricians' psychological experiences have not been considered enough and only a few studies at a quantitative level have been performed...
February 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Surya Bali, Venkatashiva B Reddy
The National Health Mission tracks the proportion of women delivered by skilled birth attendants (SBAs). We assessed SBAs competence in Madhya Pradesh, India, using structured evaluation tools. It is a cross-sectional study conducted from 2014 to 2015. We evaluated 335 trained SBAs using multistage stratified random sampling. Of total, 335 skilled births attendant selected 41.8% were auxiliary nurse midwife, 47.8% were staff nurse, and 10.4% were lady health visitors. Grouping all provider and knowledge test versions, SBAs were correct on 75...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Sharmila Devi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2018: Lancet
Ruth C E Hughes, Janet Rowan, Jonathan Williman
OBJECTIVE: Measurement of glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) in early pregnancy is routine in New Zealand to identify women with diabetes and prediabetes. However, the benefit of early intervention in women with prediabetes is inconclusive. Our aim was to test the feasibility of a two-arm parallel randomised controlled trial of standard care versus early intervention in pregnancies complicated by prediabetes. SETTING: Two tertiary referral centres in New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: Women <14 weeks' gestation and HbA1c ≥5...
March 3, 2018: BMJ Open
Kate Reiss, Suzanne Penfold, Olalere Alabi, Moazzam Ali, Kristen Hopkins, Thoai Dinh Ngo, Kingsley Odogwu, Megan Douthwaite, Onoriode Ezire, Uko Udoh, Effiom Effiom, Erik S Munroe
BACKGROUND: As part of its Family Planning 2020 commitment, the Nigerian government is aiming for a contraceptive prevalence rate of 36% by 2018, and in 2014, approved a policy to allow community health extension workers (CHEWs), in addition to doctors, nurses, and midwives, to provide contraceptive subdermal implants. There is a lack of rigorous evidence on the safety of long-acting reversible contraceptive provision, such as implants, among lower cadres of health providers. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare implant provision by CHEWs versus nurses and midwives up to 14 days post insertion...
March 2, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Franka Cadée, Marianne J Nieuwenhuijze, A L M Lagro-Janssen, Raymond De Vries
AIMS: To gain consensus for Critical Success Factors associated with Twinning in Midwifery. BACKGROUND: International publications identify midwifery as important for improving maternity care worldwide. Midwifery is a team effort where midwives play a key role. Yet their power to take on this role is often lacking. Twinning has garnered potential to develop power in professionals, however it's success varies because implementation is not always optimal. Critical Success Factors have demonstrated positive results in the managerial context and can be helpful to build effective Twinning relationships...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Sukran Ertekin Pinar, Gulay Yildirim, Neslihan Sayin
BACKGROUND: The high level of psychological resilience, self-confidence and problem solving skills of midwife candidates play an important role in increasing the quality of health care and in fulfilling their responsibilities towards patients. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to investigate the psychological resilience, self-confidence and problem-solving skills of midwife candidates. DESIGN: It is a convenience descriptive quantitative study...
February 17, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Marnie Lightfoot, Philip Hough, Alan Hudak, Michelle Gordon, Sarah Barker, Robert Meeder, Melanie Colpitts, Gwendolyn Roberts, William Gary Smith
Objectives: To assess the efficacy of a new screening protocol for critical congenital heart disease (CCHD). Background: In March 2014, the Ontario Provincial Council for Maternal Child Health (PCMCH) recommended screening for CCHD, utilizing pulse oximetry to measure oxygen saturation as part of the newborn examination. However, this is yet to be implemented in all hospitals. Method: An audit of consecutive healthy normal newborn patients in a secondary level centre in Ontario with early adoption of the screening recommendation over a 1-year period was undertaken...
September 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
Karline Wilson-Mitchell, Jamie Robinson, Mary Sharpe
OBJECTIVE: to develop and deliver a two-day Respectful Maternity Care workshop for midwives using Intellectual Partnership Model principles SETTING: rural Tanzania BACKGROUND: respectful Maternity Care is an objective, measurable indicator of quality maternal newborn care INTERVENTIONS: using the Intellectual Partnership Model, educators facilitated cocreation of solutions alongside learners for complex ethical and logistic problems in the workplace FINDINGS: the mean scores on a 10-item multiple choice test increased by 20% on average following completion of the interventions; however 2-year certificate learners were less prepared for critical thinking work and social innovations than those midwives who had 3 or 4 year formal training KEY CONCLUSIONS: the implementation of the Intellectual Partnership Model revealed that midwife learners were creative, innovative, context specific in their social innovation creations related to Respectful Maternity Care when supported by respectful facilitators...
February 7, 2018: Midwifery
J Garcia-Gonzalez, M I Ventura-Miranda, M Requena-Mullor, T Parron-Carreño, R Alarcon-Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that anxiety during pregnancy may be a risk factor for the development of alterations in the mental health of the pregnant woman and of obstetric complications. OBJECTIVE: to investigate the effect of music therapy on maternal anxiety, before and after a non-stress test (NST), and the effect of maternal anxiety on the birthing process and birth size. METHODS: 409 nulliparous women coming for routine prenatal care were randomized in the third trimester to receive either music therapy (n = 204) or no music therapy (n = 205) during an NST...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Penny R Marzalik, Karen Johnson Feltham, Karen Jefferson, Kim Pekin
US midwifery education is provided through graduate education for the CNM/CM and didactic education with apprenticeship for the CPM. Clinical practice varies throughout the country depending on the credential held and current state legislation. A lack of clinical sites for midwifery education is a significant challenge to all programs and a barrier to meeting the national maternity care provider shortage.
February 5, 2018: Midwifery
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