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Min Liu, Hui Wang, Jiaxiang Zhang, Xiaodong Yang, Bodong Li, Changhao Wu, Qixing Zhu
Both NF-κB pathway and complement activation appear to be involved in kidney damage induced by trichloroethylene (TCE). However, any relationship between these two systems has not yet been established. The present study aimed to clarify the role of NF-κB in complement activation and renal injury in TCE-sensitized BALB/c mice. Mice were sensitized by an initial subcutaneous injection and repeated focal applications of TCE to dorsal skin at specified timepoints. NF-κB inhibitor pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) was injected (intraperitoneal) before the final two focal TCE challenges...
December 2018: Journal of Immunotoxicology
Daniel K Burnell, Jie Xu, Scott K Hansen, Lawrence S Sims, Charles R Faust
Many studies indicate that small-scale heterogeneity and/or mobile-immobile mass exchange produce transient non-Fickian plume behavior that is not well captured by the use of the standard, deterministic advection-dispersion equation (ADE). An extended ADE modeling framework is presented here that is based on continuous time random walk (CTRW) theory. It can be used to characterize non-Fickian transport coupled with simultaneous sequential first-order reactions (e.g. biodegradation or radioactive decay) for multiple degrading contaminants such as chlorinated solvents, RDX, pesticides, and radionuclides...
March 13, 2018: Ground Water
M Firoze Khan, Gangduo Wang
Oxidative stress (OS) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of a variety of autoimmune diseases (ADs) and many environmental agents participate in this process. Environmental agents, including trichloroethylene (TCE), silica, pristane, mercury, and smoke, are known to induce an autoimmune response, potentially through OS-mediated mechanisms. Here, we focus on unraveling the targets and signaling pathways that have been mechanistically linked with OS, as a result of exposure to these and numerous other environmental agents, and their impact on the immune system in triggering ADs...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Toxicology
Amanda A Pierce, Steven W Chapman, Laura K Zimmerman, Jennifer C Hurley, Ramon Aravena, John A Cherry, Beth L Parker
Plumes of trichloroethene (TCE) with degradation products occur at a large industrial site in California where TCE as a dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) entered the fractured sandstone bedrock at many locations beginning in the late 1940s. Groundwater flows rapidly in closely spaced fractures but plume fronts are strongly retarded relative to groundwater flow velocities owing largely to matrix diffusion in early decades and degradation processes in later decades and going forward. Multiple data types show field evidence for both biotic and abiotic dechlorination of TCE and its degradation products, resulting in non-chlorinated compounds...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
Géraldine Florence Buttet, Alexandra Marie Murray, Tobias Goris, Mélissa Burion, Biao Jin, Massimo Rolle, Christof Holliger, Julien Maillard
Two anaerobic bacterial consortia, each harboring a distinct Sulfurospirillum population, were derived from a ten year old consortium, SL2, previously characterized for the stepwise dechlorination of tetrachloroethene (PCE) to cis-dichloroethene (cis-DCE) via accumulation of trichloroethene (TCE). Population SL2-1 dechlorinated PCE to TCE exclusively, while SL2-2 produced cis-DCE from PCE without substantial TCE accumulation. The reasons explaining the long-term coexistence of the populations were investigated...
March 6, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Yaxiong Wang, Ping Liu, Baoqing Zeng, Liming Liu, Jianjun Yang
A hydrothermal method for synthesizing ultralong and thin copper nanowires (CuNWs) with average diameter of 35 nm and average length of 100 μm is demonstrated in this paper. The concerning raw materials include copric (II) chloride dihydrate (CuCl2 ·2H2 O), octadecylamine (ODA), and ascorbic acid, which are all very cheap and nontoxic. The effect of different reaction time and different molar ratios to the reaction products were researched. The CuNWs prepared by the hydrothermal method were applied to fabricate CuNW transparent conductive electrode (TCE), which exhibited excellent conductivity-transmittance performance with low sheet resistance of 26...
March 7, 2018: Nanoscale Research Letters
Gulraiz Chaudry, Anna P Lillis, Raja Shaikh, Horacio M Padua, Rush H Chewning, Ahmad I Alomari
PURPOSE: To characterize anatomy of congenital arterioportal fistulas (CAPF) and correlate this with technique and outcomes of transcatheter embolization (TCE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review was conducted of children with CAPF that underwent TCE in a 10-year period. Medical records, imaging and procedure details were reviewed. TCE was performed via transarterial (n = 5), portal (n = 5) or patent ductus venosus (n = 1) approach. Embolic agents used were coils (n = 10), Onyx (n = 1) and Amplatzer septal occluder (n = 1)...
March 6, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Cheng Zhang, Yun Yu, Jun-Feng Yu, Bo-Dong Li, Cheng-Fan Zhou, Xiao-Dong Yang, Xian Wang, Changhao Wu, Tong Shen, Qi-Xing Zhu
Occupational trichloroethylene (TCE) exposure can induce hypersensitivity dermatitis and severe liver injury. Recently, several clinical investigations indicate that viral infection, such as human herpesvirus-6, is associated with hepatic dysfunction in patients with TCE-related generalized skin disorders. However, whether viral infection potentiates TCE-induced liver injury remains unknown. This study aimed to explore the contribution of viral infection to the development of TCE-sensitization-induced liver injury in BALB/c mice...
March 3, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Tamie Nakajima, Hailan Wang, Yuki Ito, Hisao Naito, Dong Wang, Na Zhao, Hongling Li, Xinxiang Qiu, Lihua Xia, Jiabin Chen, Qifeng Wu, Laiyu Li, Hanlin Huang, Michihiro Kamijima
Occupational trichloroethylene (TCE) exposure can induce life-threatening generalized dermatitis accompanied by hepatitis: TCE hypersensitivity syndrome (HS). Since the patients' exposure levels have not been fully clarified, this study estimated end-of-shift urinary concentrations of trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and their lower limit below which the disease occurrence was rare. TCA concentration was measured in 78 TCE HS patients whose urine was collected at admission between 2nd and 14th days after their last shift...
March 3, 2018: Industrial Health
Yang Xueqin, Li Wenxue, Li Peimao, Zhang Wen, Huang Xianqing, Zhuang Zhixiong
Early diagnosis and treatment of occupational medicamentosa-like dermatitis due to trichloroethylene (OMLDT) are absence of specific and reliable diagnostic/therapeutic biomarkers. This study was conducted on 30 cases of OMLDT, 58 workers exposed to trichloroethylene (TCE) and 40 unexposed controls in order to identify any cytokine signatures that give an index to CD4+ T cell differential and serve as biomarkers of OMLDT. Expression profiles of Th1 , Th2 , Th17 and Treg cell type-specifying transcription factors and cytokines were analyzed using real time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) assay...
February 22, 2018: Toxicology Letters
Chenbing Ai, Yuting Liang, Bo Miao, Miao Chen, Weimin Zeng, Guanzhou Qiu
Iron-oxidizing Acidithiobacillus spp. are applied worldwide in biomining industry to extract metals from sulfide minerals. They derive energy for survival through Fe2+ oxidation and generate Fe3+ for the dissolution of sulfide minerals. However, molecular mechanisms of their iron oxidation still remain elusive. A novel two-cytochrome-encoding gene cluster (named tce gene cluster) encoding a high-molecular-weight cytochrome c (AFE_1428) and a c4 -type cytochrome c552 (AFE_1429) in A. ferrooxidans ATCC 23270 was first identified in this study...
February 20, 2018: Current Microbiology
Yuuya Nagata, Tsuyoshi Nishikawa, Michinori Suginome, Sota Sato, Masaaki Sugiyama, Lionel Porcar, Anne Martel, Rintaro Inoue, Nobuhiro Sato
Small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) was used to examine dilute solutions of a poly(quinoxaline-2,3-diyl) (PQX) with (R)-2-octyloxymethyl side chains in deuterated THF or a mixture of deuterated 1,1,2-TCE and THF (8/2, v/v), in which the PQX adopts pure P- and M-helical structures. The structures of the PQX that were obtained based on the SANS experiments in combination with theoretical calculations suggest that in THF, the chiral side chains of the P-helical PQX are extended, whereas in the 1,1,2-TCE/THF mixture, the side chains of the M-helical PQX are folded...
February 15, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Haoran Dong, Cong Zhang, Junmin Deng, Zhao Jiang, Lihua Zhang, Yujun Cheng, Kunjie Hou, Lin Tang, Guangming Zeng
Sulfide-modified nanoscale zero-valent iron (S/NZVI) has been considered as an efficient material to degrade trichloroethylene (TCE) in groundwater. However, some critical factors influencing the dechlorination of TCE by S/NZVI have not been investigated clearly. In this study, the effects of Fe/S molar ratio, initial pH, dissolved oxygen and particle aging on TCE dechlorination by S/NZVI (using dithionite as sulfidation reagent) were studied. Besides, the feasibility of reactivation of the aged-NZVI by sulfidation treatment was looked into...
February 7, 2018: Water Research
Cheng Bin He, Kuan Lun Pan, Moo Been Chang
Three perovskite-type catalysts including LaMnO3, La0.8Ce0.2MnO3, and La0.8Ce0.2 Mn0.8Ni0.2O3 are prepared using citric acid sol-gel method and evaluated as catalyst for the oxidation of trichloroethylene (TCE) in air with temperature ranging from 100 to 600 °C. The physicochemical properties of three perovskite-type catalysts were characterized by SEM, EDS, XRD, BET, and XPS to investigate the relationship with catalytic activities. The results show that the removal efficiency of TCE achieved with La0.8Ce0...
February 10, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Chihak Lee, Youngsu Oh, In Seon Yoon, Sun Hong Kim, Byeong-Kwon Ju, Jae-Min Hong
Electrochromic devices (ECDs) are emerging as a novel technology for various applications like commercialized smart window glasses, and auto-dimming rear-view mirrors. Recently, the development of low-power, lightweight, flexible, and stretchable devices has been accelerated to meet the growing demand in the new wearable devices market. Silver nanowires (AgNWs) can become new primary transparent conducting electrode (TCE) materials to replace indium tin oxide (ITO) for ECDs. However, issues such as substrate adhesion, delamination, and higher resistance still exist with AgNWs...
February 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
Gretchen L W Heavner, Cresten B Mansfeldt, Garrett E Debs, Sage T Hellerstedt, Annette R Rowe, Ruth E Richardson
Using mRNA transcript levels for key functional enzymes as proxies for the organohalide respiration (OHR) rate, is a promising approach for monitoring bioremediation populations in situ at chlorinated solvent-contaminated field sites. However, to date, no correlations have been empirically derived for chlorinated solvent respiring, Dehalococcoides mccartyi (DMC) containing, bioaugmentation cultures. In the current study, genome-wide transcriptome and proteome data were first used to confirm the most highly expressed OHR-related enzymes in the bioaugmentation culture, KB-1TM, including several reductive dehalogenases (RDases) and a Ni-Fe hydrogenase, Hup...
February 8, 2018: Microorganisms
Markus Bredemeier, Lediane Moreira Lopes, Matheus Augusto Eisenreich, Sheila Hickmann, Guilherme Kopik Bongiorno, Rui d'Avila, André Luis Bittencourt Morsch, Fernando da Silva Stein, Guilherme Gomes Dias Campos
BACKGROUND: Xanthine oxidase inhibitors (XOI), classified as purine-like (allopurinol and oxypurinol) and non-purine (febuxostat and topiroxostat) XOI, present antioxidant properties by reducing the production of reactive oxygen species derived from purine metabolism. Oxidative stress is an important factor related to endothelial dysfunction and ischemia-reperfusion injury, and may be implicated in the pathogenesis of heart failure, hypertension, and ischemic heart disease. However, there is contradictory evidence regarding the possible cardiovascular (CV) protective effect exerted by XOI...
February 7, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Mengbin Gu, Usman Farooq, Shuguang Lu, Xiang Zhang, Zhaofu Qiu, Qian Sui
The reduced graphene oxide (rGO) supported nano zero-valent iron (nZVI) (nZVI-rGO) was synthesized successfully and applied in the several oxic environments to remove trichloroethylene (TCE). The nZVI-rGO had a better catalytic performance than bare nZVI for the TCE removal. Both aggregation of nZVI and agglomeration of rGO were in part prevented by loading the nZVI nanoparticles on the rGO sheet. Among all the oxic environments, the better removal of TCE was followed as the order of PMS > SPS > H2O2...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Rajanikanta Sahu, Tausif Ahmed, Ramchandra Sangana, Ravindra Punde, Bharat Bhusan Subudhi
Tinospora cordifolia (TC) has been used as a complimentary/alternative medicine against diabetes. Considering its potential to modulate metabolic enzymes, Tinospora cordifolia extract (TCE) may influence the metabolism of the antidiabeic drug Glibenclamide following co-administration. Accordingly, this work was undertaken to evaluate impact of TCE on fate of Glibenclamide. Activity of clinically important Cytochrome P450 isoenzymes were inhibited in the order of CYP2C9 > CYP2D6 > CYP2C19 > CYP1A2 > CYP3A4...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Orianne Dumas, Thomas Despreaux, Frédéric Perros, Edmund Lau, Pascal Andujar, Marc Humbert, David Montani, Alexis Descatha
Trichloroethylene (TCE) is a chlorinated solvent that has been used widely around the world in the twentieth century for metal degreasing and dry cleaning. Although TCE displays general toxicity and is classified as a human carcinogen, the association between TCE exposure and respiratory disorders are conflicting. In this review we aimed to systematically evaluate the current evidence for the respiratory effects of TCE exposure and the implications for the practicing clinician. There is limited evidence of an increased risk of lung cancer associated with TCE exposure based on animal and human data...
January 2018: Respiratory Medicine
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