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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214394/electrokinetic-enhanced-permanganate-delivery-and-remediation-of-contaminated-low-permeability-porous-media
#1
Ahmed I A Chowdhury, Jason I Gerhard, David Reynolds, Brent E Sleep, Denis M O'Carroll
Back diffusion of contaminants from low permeability strata has inhibited site remediation and closure due to an inability to deliver remediants into these strata. This study demonstrates the potential of electrokinetics (EK) to significantly reduce back diffusion of chlorinated compounds from low permeability porous media. Experiments were conducted in a two-dimensional sandbox packed with vertical layers of coarse sand and silt contaminated with aqueous trichloroethene (TCE). Three experiments, each approximately 41 days in duration, compared EK-enhanced in situ chemical oxidation (EK-ISCO) to EK or ISCO alone...
February 4, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213734/dehalococcoides-and-general-bacterial-ecology-of-differentially-trichloroethene-dechlorinating-flow-through-columns
#2
Babur S Mirza, Darwin L Sorensen, Daniel J McGlinn, R Ryan Dupont, Joan E McLean
The diversity of Dehalococcoides mccartyi (Dhc) and/or other organohalide respiring or associated microorganisms in parallel, partial, or complete trichloroethene (TCE) dehalogenating systems has not been well described. The composition of Dhc populations and the associated bacterial community that developed over 7.5 years in the top layer (0-10 cm) of eight TCE-fed columns were examined using pyrosequencing. Columns biostimulated with one of three carbon sources, along with non-stimulated controls, developed into complete (ethene production, whey amended), partial (cis-dichloroethene (DCE) and VC, an emulsified oil with nonionic surfactant), limited (<5 % cis-DCE and 95 % TCE, an emulsified oil), and non- (controls) TCE dehalogenating systems...
February 17, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202180/chemical-structure-influence-on-napl-mixture-nonideality-evolution-rate-limited-dissolution-and-contaminant-mass-flux
#3
Mark C Padgett, Geoffrey R Tick, Kenneth C Carroll, William R Burke
The influence of chemical structure on NAPL mixture nonideality evolution, rate-limited dissolution, and contaminant mass flux was examined. The variability of measured and UNIFAC modeled NAPL activity coefficients as a function of mole fraction was compared for two NAPL mixtures containing structurally-different contaminants of concern including toluene (TOL) or trichloroethene (TCE) within a hexadecane (HEXDEC) matrix. The results showed that dissolution from the NAPL mixtures transitioned from ideality for mole fractions >0...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199864/oxidation-of-trichloroethylene-by-the-hydroxyl-radicals-produced-from-oxygenation-of-reduced-nontronite
#4
Xixiang Liu, Songhu Yuan, Man Tong, Deng Liu
Reduction by Fe(II)-bearing silicate minerals has been proposed as an important mechanism for the attenuation of chlorinated hydrocarbons (CHCs) in anoxic subsurfaces. The redox condition of subsurface often changes from anoxic to oxic due to natural processes and human activities, but little is known about the transformation of CHCs induced by Fe(II)-bearing silicate minerals under oxic conditions. This study reveals that trichloroethylene (TCE) can be efficiently oxidized during the oxygenation of reduced nontronite at pH 7...
February 8, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188205/metagenomic-and-metatranscriptomic-analyses-reveal-structure-and-dynamics-of-a-dechlorinating-community-containing-dehalococcoides-mccartyi-and-corrinoid-providing-microorganisms-under-cobalamin-limited-condition
#5
Yujie Men, Ke Yu, Jacob Bælum, Ying Gao, Julien Tremblay, Emmanuel Prestat, Ben Stenuit, Susannah G Tringe, Janet Jansson, Tong Zhang, Lisa Alvarez-Cohen
The aim of this study is to obtain a systems level understanding of the interactions between Dehalococcoides and corrinoid-supplying microorganisms by analyzing community structures and functional compositions, activities and dynamics in trichloroethene (TCE) - dechlorinating enrichments. Metagenomes and metatranscriptomes of the dechlorinating enrichments with and without exogenous cobalamin were compared. Seven putative draft genomes were binned from the metagenomes. At an early stage (2 d), more transcripts of genes in the Veillonellaceae bin-genome were detected in the metatranscriptome of the enrichment with exogenous cobalamin compared to the one without cobalamin addition...
February 10, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182522/the-effects-of-tarantula-cubensis-venom-on-open-wound-healing-in-rats
#6
N Y Gul Satar, I T Cangul, A Topal, H Kurt, V Ipek, G I Onel
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and histopathological effects of two different dosages of alcohol extract of Tarantula cubensis (Theranekron) on open wounds. METHOD: A total of 24 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into Tarantula cubensis extract (TCE1, n=8) 1/10 diluted, TCE (TCE2, n=8), and (3) vehicle-control (0.2 ml of 96 % ethanol, n=8) groups. Experimental full-thickness 1 x 1cm wounds were created on dorsum skin. TCE or vehicle were given systemically by subcutaneous injections on postoperative days 1 and 4...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167031/opinion-taking-phytoremediation-from-proven-technology-to-accepted-practice
#7
REVIEW
Karen E Gerhardt, Perry D Gerwing, Bruce M Greenberg
Phytoremediation is the use of plants to extract, immobilize, contain and/or degrade contaminants from soil, water or air. It can be an effective strategy for on site and/or in situ removal of various contaminants from soils, including petroleum hydrocarbons (PHC), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), solvents (e.g., trichloroethylene [TCE]), munitions waste (e.g., 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene [TNT]), metal(loid)s, salt (NaCl) and radioisotopes. Commercial phytoremediation technologies appear to be underutilized globally...
March 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160680/phytoscreening-as-an-efficient-tool-to-delineate-chlorinated-solvent-sources-at-a-chlor-alkali-facility
#8
Loïc Yung, Jérôme Lagron, David Cazaux, Matt Limmer, Michel Chalot
Chlorinated ethenes (CE) are among the most common volatile organic compounds (VOC) that contaminate groundwater, currently representing a major source of pollution worldwide. Phytoscreening has been developed and employed through different applications at numerous sites, where it was generally useful for detection of subsurface chlorinated solvents. We aimed at delineating subsurface CE contamination at a chlor-alkali facility using tree core data that we compared with soil data. For this investigation a total of 170 trees from experimental zones was sampled and analyzed for perchloroethene (PCE) and trichloroethene (TCE) concentrations, measured by solid phase microextraction gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry...
January 25, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159790/the-effects-of-sulfate-reduction-on-tce-dechlorination-by-dehalococcoides-containing-microbial-communities
#9
Xinwei Mao, Alexandra Polasko, Lisa Alvarez-Cohen
: In order to elucidate interactions between sulfate reduction and dechlorination, we systematically evaluated the effects of different concentrations of sulfate and sulfide on reductive dechlorination by isolates, constructed consortia and enrichments containing Dehalococcoides sp. Sulfate (up to 5 mM) did not inhibit growth or metabolism of pure cultures of dechlorinator Dehalococcoides mccartyi 195, sulfate reducer Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough (DvH) or syntroph Syntrophomonas wolfei (S...
February 3, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157851/cp-tensor-based-compression-of-hyperspectral-images
#10
Leyuan Fang, Nanjun He, Hui Lin
In this paper, an effective CANDECOMP/PARAFAC tensor-based compression (CPTBC) approach is proposed for on-ground hyperspectral images (HSIs). By considering the observed HSI cube as a whole three-order tensor, the proposed CPTBC method utilizes the CANDECOMP/PARAFAC tensor decomposition to decompose the original HSI data into the sum of R rank-1 tensors, which can simultaneously exploit both the spatial and spectral information of HSIs. Specifically, compared with the original HSI data, the R rank-1 tensors have fewer non-zero entries...
February 1, 2017: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131098/nitrate-reduction-and-its-effects-on-trichloroethylene-degradation-by-granular-iron
#11
Qiong Lu, Sung-Wook Jeen, Lai Gui, Robert W Gillham
Laboratory column experiments and reactive transport modeling were performed to evaluate the reduction of nitrate and its effects on trichloroethylene (TCE) degradation by granular iron. In addition to determining degradation kinetics of TCE in the presence of nitrate, the columns used in this study were equipped with electrodes which allowed for in situ measurements of corrosion potentials of the iron material. Together with Raman spectroscopic measurements the mechanisms of decline in iron reactivity were examined...
January 18, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124303/smooth-zno-al-agnws-composite-electrode-for-flexible-organic-light-emitting-device
#12
Hu Wang, Kun Li, Ye Tao, Jun Li, Ye Li, Lan-Lan Gao, Guang-Yong Jin, Yu Duan
The high interest in organic light-emitting device (OLED) technology is largely due to their flexibility. Up to now, indium tin oxide (ITO) films have been widely used as transparent conductive electrodes (TCE) in organic opto-electronic devices. However, ITO films, typically deposited on glass are brittle and they make it difficult to produce flexible devices, restricting their use for flexible devices. In this study, we report on a nano-composite TCE, which is made of a silver nanowire (AgNW) network, combined with aluminum-doped zinc oxide (ZnO:Al, AZO) by atomic layer deposition...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121996/the-effects-of-traditional-chinese-exercise-in-treating-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Yingjie Zhang, Lulu Huang, Youxin Su, Zhengxuan Zhan, Yanan Li, Xingquan Lai
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Traditional Chinese exercise (TCE) includes a variety of exercise, which is being accepted by more and more people in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (OA) from different countries. With the attendant, many clinical reports focus on it. Our meta-analysis aimed to systematically assess the effects of traditional Chinese exercise on pain, stiffness, physical function, quality of life, mental health and adverse events in people with knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), the Web of Science, and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM) were searched from the time of their inception through April 2016 and risk of bias was independently assessed by two authors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115651/trichloroethylene-exposure-reduces-liver-injury-in-a-mouse-model-of-primary-biliary-cholangitis
#14
Jessica L Ray, Anna K Kopec, Nikita Joshi, Holly Cline-Fedewa, Lawrence H Lash, Kurt J Williams, Patrick S Leung, M Eric Gershwin, James P Luyendyk
Trichloroethylene (TCE) is a persistent environmental contaminant proposed to contribute to autoimmune disease. Experimental studies in lupus-prone MRL(+/+) mice have suggested that TCE exposure can trigger autoimmune hepatitis. The vast majority of studies examining the connection between TCE and autoimmunity utilize this model, and the impact of TCE exposure in other established models of autoimmune liver disease is not known. We tested the hypothesis that TCE exposure exacerbates experimental hepatic autoimmunity in dominant negative transforming growth factor beta receptor type II (dnTGFBRII) mice, which develop serological and histological features resembling human primary biliary cholangitis...
January 23, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109662/reutilization-of-waste-scrap-tyre-as-the-immobilization-matrix-for-the-enhanced-bioremoval-of-a-monoaromatic-hydrocarbons-methyl-tert-butyl-ether-and-chlorinated-ethenes-mixture-from-water
#15
Qihong Lu, Renata Alves de Toledo, Fei Xie, Junhui Li, Hojae Shim
BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, ortho-, meta-, and para-xylenes), methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE), cis-1,2-dichloroethylene (cis-DCE), and trichloroethylene (TCE) are among the major soil and groundwater contaminants frequently co-existing, as a result of their widespread uses. Pseudomonas plecoglossicida was immobilized on waste scrap tyre to remove these contaminants mixture from synthetic contaminated water. The microbial activity was enhanced in the immobilized system, shown by the higher colony forming units (CFUs) (40%), while BTEX were used as growth substrates...
January 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109630/analytical-model-for-the-design-of-in-situ-horizontal-permeable-reactive-barriers-hprbs-for-the-mitigation-of-chlorinated-solvent-vapors-in-the-unsaturated-zone
#16
Iason Verginelli, Oriana Capobianco, Niels Hartog, Renato Baciocchi
In this work we introduce a 1-D analytical solution that can be used for the design of horizontal permeable reactive barriers (HPRBs) as a vapor mitigation system at sites contaminated by chlorinated solvents. The developed model incorporates a transient diffusion-dominated transport with a second-order reaction rate constant. Furthermore, the model accounts for the HPRB lifetime as a function of the oxidant consumption by reaction with upward vapors and its progressive dissolution and leaching by infiltrating water...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093820/synthesis-of-2-2-2-trichloroethyl-aryl-and-vinyldiazoacetates-by-palladium-catalyzed-cross-coupling
#17
Huw Davies, Liangbing Fu, Jeffrey Mighion, Eric Voight
An efficient and convenient synthesis of 2,2,2-trichloroethyl (TCE) aryl- and vinyldiazoacetates was achieved by palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions between TCE diazoacetates and aryl or vinyl iodides. The broad substrate scope allows for rapid and facile formation of TCE aryl- and vinyl-diazoacetates, which recently have emerged as versatile reagents for rhodium-carbene chemistry.
January 17, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075122/acetylene-fuels-tce-reductive-dechlorination-by-defined-dehalococcoides-pelobacter-consortia
#18
Xinwei Mao, Ronald S Oremland, Tong Liu, Sara Gushgari, Abigail A Landers, Shaun M Baesman, Lisa Alvarez-Cohen
Acetylene (C2H2) can be generated in contaminated groundwater sites as a consequence of chemical degradation of trichloroethene (TCE) by in situ minerals, and C2H2 is known to inhibit bacterial dechlorination. In this study, we show that while high C2H2 (1.3 mM) concentrations reversibly inhibit reductive dechlorination of TCE by Dehalococcoides mccartyi isolates as well as enrichment cultures containing D. mccartyi sp., low C2H2 (0.4 mM) concentrations do not inhibit growth or metabolism of D. mccartyi. Cocultures of Pelobacter SFB93, a C2H2-fermenting bacterium, with D...
February 3, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063905/trichloroethylene-induced-formic-aciduria-in-the-male-c57-bl-6-mouse
#19
Edward A Lock, Paul Keane, Philip H Rowe, John R Foster, Daniel Antoine, Christopher M Morris
1, 1, 2-Trichloroethylene (TCE) is of environmental concern, due to evaporation while handling, chemical processing and leakage from chemical waste sites, leading to its contamination of ground water and air. For several decades there has been issues about possible long term health effects of TCE but recently the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and the US Environmental Protection Agency classified TCE as a human carcinogen. Links having been established between occupational exposures and kidney cancer and possible links to non-Hodgkin lymphoma and liver cancer, but there is more still more to learn...
January 4, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042183/integrated-anaerobic-aerobic-biodegradation-of-multiple-contaminants-including-chlorinated-ethylenes-benzene-toluene-and-dichloromethane
#20
Miho Yoshikawa, Ming Zhang, Koki Toyota
Complete bioremediation of soils containing multiple volatile organic compounds (VOCs) remains a challenge. To explore the possibility of complete bioremediation through integrated anaerobic-aerobic biodegradation, laboratory feasibility tests followed by alternate anaerobic-aerobic and aerobic-anaerobic biodegradation tests were performed. Chlorinated ethylenes, including tetrachloroethylene (PCE), trichloroethylene (TCE), cis-dichloroethylene (cis-DCE), and vinyl chloride (VC), and dichloromethane (DCM) were used for anaerobic biodegradation, whereas benzene, toluene, and DCM were used for aerobic biodegradation tests...
2017: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution
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