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Yi Yang, Steven A Higgins, Jun Yan, Burcu Şimşir, Karuna Chourey, Ramsunder Iyer, Robert L Hettich, Brett Baldwin, Dora M Ogles, Frank E Löffler
Organohalide-respiring bacteria have key roles in the natural chlorine cycle; however, most of the current knowledge is based on cultures from contaminated environments. We demonstrate that grape pomace compost without prior exposure to chlorinated solvents harbors a Dehalogenimonas (Dhgm) species capable of using chlorinated ethenes, including the human carcinogen and common groundwater pollutant vinyl chloride (VC) as electron acceptors. Grape pomace microcosms and derived solid-free enrichment cultures were able to dechlorinate trichloroethene (TCE) to less chlorinated daughter products including ethene...
August 15, 2017: ISME Journal
Parveen Bansal, Manzoor Ahmad Malik, Satya N Das, Jasbir Kaur
Natural products with medicinal value are gradually gaining importance in clinical research due to their well-known property of no side effects as compared to drugs. Tinospora cordifolia (Guduchi) has been used for centuries in Ayurvedic system of medicine for treating various ailments including cancer. In present study, we found that the Tinospora cordifolia extracts (TCE) induced inhibition of proliferation of KB cells was associated with arrest of G0/G1-phase of cell cycle. The effectiveness of TCE in checking the growth of KB cells without altering the growth of normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) indicates that Tinospora cordifolia has differential effect on normal and malignant cells hence, it may have therapeutic potential in cancer...
May 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
Sang Woo Seo, Ha Seung Lee, Dong Hee Shin, Ju Hwan Kim, Chan Wook Jang, Jong Min Kim, Sung Kim, Suk-Ho Choi
We first employ highly-stable and -flexible (CF<sub>3</sub>SO<sub>2</sub>)<sub>2</sub>NH-doped graphene (TFSA/GR) and GR-encapsulated TFSA/GR (GR/TFSA/GR) transparent conductive electrodes (TCEs) prepared on polyethylene terephthalate substrates for flexible organic solar cells (OSCs). Compared to conventional indium tin oxide (ITO) TCEs, the TFSA-doped-GR TCEs show higher optical transmittance and larger sheet resistance. The TFSA/GR and GR/TFSA/GR TCEs show work functions of 4...
August 9, 2017: Nanotechnology
Ryo Kimura, Shuichi Suzuki, Keiji Okada, Masatoshi Kozaki
A trimeric assembly of light-harvesting antennas was prepared using a copper-catalyzed Hüisgen 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction between a dendrimer having a zinc diethynyldiphenylporphyrin core (ZnDEDPP) with two azide terminals and two equivalents of dendrimers having a zinc tetraphenylporphyrin core (ZnTPP) with one ethynyl terminal. The absorptions of the trimer appear in a longer-wavelength region compared to monomeric references in toluene; however, there is almost no shift in wavelength in 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (TCE)...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Douglas J Mateas, Geoffrey R Tick, Kenneth C Carroll
Widely used flushing and in-situ destruction based remediation techniques (i.e. pump-and treat, enhanced-solubilization, and chemical oxidation/reduction) for sites contaminated by nonaqueous phase liquid (NAPL) contaminant sources have been shown to be ineffective at complete mass removal and reducing aqueous-phase contaminant of concern (COC) concentrations to levels suitable for site closure. A remediation method was developed to reduce the aqueous solubility and mass-flux of COCs within NAPL through the in-situ creation of a NAPL mixture source-zone...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
Jeonggwan Kim, Sang Soo Lee, Jeehyeong Khim
Peat moss-derived biochars were produced at the pyrolytic temperatures of 300, 500, and 700 °C and were tested for evaluating the removal efficiency of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from waters. As the pyrolytic temperature increases, the carbon contents were increased from 66 to 84%, and the contents of hydrogen and oxygen were decreased from 4 to 1% and from 19 to 4%, respectively. The surface areas of the biochars were 2 m(2) g(-1) at the pyrolysis temperature of 300 °C and were increased to 200 and 300 m(2) g(-1) at 500 and 700 °C, respectively...
August 5, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Boris M Van Breukelen, Heloïse A A Thouement, Philip E Stack, Mindy Vanderford, Paul Philp, Tomasz Kuder
Reactive transport modeling of multi-element, compound-specific isotope analysis (CSIA) data has great potential to quantify sequential microbial reductive dechlorination (SRD) and alternative pathways such as oxidation, in support of remediation of chlorinated solvents in groundwater. As a key step towards this goal, a model was developed that simulates simultaneous carbon, chlorine, and hydrogen isotope fractionation during SRD of trichloroethene, via cis-1,2-dichloroethene (and trans-DCE as minor pathway), and vinyl chloride to ethene, following Monod kinetics...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
Satoshi Watanabe, Takahisa Ohta, Ryota Urata, Tetsuya Sato, Kazuto Takaishi, Masanobu Uchiyama, Tetsuya Aoyama, Masashi Kunitake
The temperature and concentration dependencies of the crystallization of two small-molecular semiconductors were clarified by constructing quasi-phase diagrams at air/oil interfaces and in bulk oil phases. A quinoidal oligothiophene derivative with four alkyl chains (QQT(CN)4) in 1,1,2,2-tetrachroloethane (TCE) and a thienoacene derivative with two alkyl chains (C8-BTBT) in o-dichlorobenzene were used. The apparent crystal nucleation temperature (Tn) and dissolution temperature (Td) of the molecules were determined based on optical microscopy examination in closed glass capillaries and open dishes during slow cooling and heating processes, respectively...
July 31, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Jian-Long Xu, Yan-Hua Liu, Xu Gao, Yilin Sun, Su Shen, Xinlei Cai, Linsen Chen, Sui-Dong Wang
Flexible transparent solid-state supercapacitors have attracted immerse attention for the power supply of next-generation flexible "see-through" or "invisible" electronics. To fabricate such devices, high-performance flexible transparent current collectors are highly desired. In this paper, the utilization of embedded Ag grid transparent conduc-tive electrodes (TCEs) fabricated by a facile soft ultraviolet imprinting lithography method combined with scrap techniques, as the current collector for flexible transpar-ent solid-state supercapacitors, is demonstrated...
July 31, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Christine Barul, Aurore Fayossé, Matthieu Carton, Corinne Pilorget, Anne-Sophie Woronoff, Isabelle Stücker, Danièle Luce
BACKGROUND: Few epidemiological studies have investigated the link between occupational exposure to solvents and head and neck cancer risk, and available findings are sparse and inconsistent. The objective of this study was to examine the association between occupational exposure to chlorinated solvents and head and neck cancer risk. METHODS: We analyzed data from 4637 men (1857 cases and 2780 controls) included in a population-based case-control study, ICARE (France)...
July 24, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Sharon L Doty, John L Freeman, Christopher M Cohu, Joel G Burken, Andrea Firrincieli, Andrew Simon, Zareen Khan, J G Isebrands, Joseph Lukas, Michael J Blaylock
Trichloroethylene (TCE) is a widespread environmental pollutant common in groundwater plumes associated with industrial manufacturing areas. We had previously isolated and characterized a natural bacterial endophyte, Enterobacter sp. strain PDN3, of poplar trees, that rapidly metabolizes TCE, releasing chloride ion. We now report findings from a successful three-year field trial of endophyte-assisted phytoremediation on the Middlefield-Ellis-Whisman Superfund Study Area TCE plume in the Silicon Valley of California...
August 11, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Macharla Arun Kumar, Sungjun Bae, Seunghee Han, Yoonseok Chang, Woojin Lee
We developed a novel stabilized nanoscale zerovalent iron (NZVI) particles with Ni using an electron conducting polymer, polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), to selectively dechlorinate trichloroethylene (TCE) to non-toxic intermediates. The size of the PVP stabilized NZVI-Ni ((PVP-NZVI-Ni), average diameter: ∼20nm) is smaller than that of bare NZVI (50-80nm) due to the prevention of agglomeration of the resultant iron particles by PVP. PVP-NZVI-Ni showed a complete removal of TCE in 1h with superior dechlorination kinetics (kobs=5...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Allen M Shapiro, Christopher E Evans, Erin C Hayes
Characterizing properties of the rock matrix that control retention and release of chlorinated solvents is essential in evaluating the extent of contamination and the application of remediation technologies in fractured rock. Core samples from seven closely spaced boreholes in a mudstone subject to trichloroethene (TCE) contamination were analyzed using Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry to investigate porosity and pore size distribution as a function of mudstone characteristics, and depth and lateral extent in the aquifer; organic carbon content was also evaluated to identify the potential for adsorption...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
Joaquin Calbo, Alejandro López-Moreno, Alberto de Juan, Jeffrey Comer, Enrique Ortí, Emilio Manuel Pérez
We combine experiment, density functional theory (DFT) and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations for the quantitative analyses of the noncovalent interaction between single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs), as hosts, and a set of pyrene derivatives with different electronic properties and surface area, as guests. The experiments and calculations were carried out in two solvents with markedly different polarities: 1,1',2,2'-tetrachloroethane (TCE) and N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF). Our results show that dispersion forces govern the supramolecular association of small molecules with SWNTs, with negligible contribution from ground-state charge-transfer effects...
July 7, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Kyeong Heon Kim, Tae Ho Lee, Tae Geun Kim
A hybrid-type transparent conductive electrode (H-TCE) structure comprising an AlN rod array with conducting filaments (CFs) and indium tin oxide (ITO) films is proposed to improve both current injection and distribution as well as optical transmittance in the UV region. These CFs, generated in UV-transparent AlN rod areas using an electric field, can be used as conducting paths for carrier injection from a metal to a semiconductor such as p-(Al)GaN, which allows perfect Ohmic behavior with high transmittance (>95% at 365 nm) to be obtained...
July 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Fraser R Stewart, Yongqiang Qiu, Holly S Lay, Ian P Newton, Benjamin F Cox, Mohammed A Al-Rawhani, James Beeley, Yangminghao Liu, Zhihong Huang, David R S Cumming, Inke Näthke, Sandy Cochran
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) is now a clinically accepted diagnostic modality in which miniaturized technology, an on-board power supply and wireless telemetry stand as technological foundations for other capsule endoscopy (CE) devices. However, VCE does not provide therapeutic functionality, and research towards therapeutic CE (TCE) has been limited. In this paper, a route towards viable TCE is proposed, based on multiple CE devices including important acoustic sensing and drug delivery components. In this approach, an initial multimodal diagnostic device with high-frequency quantitative microultrasound that complements video imaging allows surface and subsurface visualization and computer-assisted diagnosis...
July 3, 2017: Sensors
Yi Yang, Natalie L Cápiro, Tyler F Marcet, Jun Yan, Kurt D Pennell, Frank E Löffler
Bioremediation at chlorinated solvent sites often leads to groundwater acidification due to electron donor fermentation and enhanced dechlorination activity. The microbial reductive dechlorination process is robust at circumneutral pH, but activity declines at groundwater pH values below 6.0. Consistent with this observation, the activity of tetrachloroethene (PCE) dechlorinating cultures declined at pH 6.0 and was not sustained in pH 5.5 medium, with one notable exception. Sulfurospirillum multivorans dechlorinated PCE to cis-1,2-dichloroethene (cDCE) in pH 5...
July 24, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Abedi Kamal Ad-Din, Ghorbani-Shahna Farshid, Bahrami Abdulrahman, Ebrahimi Hossein, Maleki Afshin, Madjidi Faramarz, Musavi Saeed, Mohammadi Ebrahim, Giahi Omid
This paper presents the combination of TiO2/GAC catalyst and NTP for the decomposition of chloroform using a DBD reactor. The experiments were performed using an AC transformer as the power supply system to determine the optimal conditions of the chloroform conversion in the presence of a hydrogen-rich substance i.e. water vapor. TiO2/GAC enhanced the removal efficiency and also CO2 selectivity significantly, leading to an acceptable conversion rate at SIEs higher than 400 J L(-1). The adsorption property of GAC was noticed to be an effective factor for catalytic activity by increasing the residence time, although the higher retention time prevented the accurate determination of chlorine and carbon balance...
June 29, 2017: Environmental Technology
Dhawal Chheda, George A Sorial
This study investigated the removal of hydrophobic trichloroethylene (TCE) in the presence of methanol (co-metabolite) in a biotrickling filter, which was seeded with fungi at pH4. Starvation was chosen as the biomass control strategy. Two systems, Biofilter I (methanol:TCE 70:30) and Biofilter II (methanol:TCE 80:20) were run in parallel, each with varying composition ratios. The TCE loading rates for both biofilters ranged from 3.22 to 12.88g/m(3)/hr. Depending on the ratio, methanol concentrations varied from 4...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Heather Strosnider, Caitlin Kennedy, Michele Monti, Fuyuen Yip
PROBLEM/CONDITION: The places in which persons live, work, and play can contribute to the development of adverse health outcomes. Understanding the differences in risk factors in various environments can help to explain differences in the occurrence of these outcomes and can be used to develop public health programs, interventions, and policies. Efforts to characterize urban and rural differences have largely focused on social and demographic characteristics. A paucity of national standardized environmental data has hindered efforts to characterize differences in the physical aspects of urban and rural areas, such as air and water quality...
June 23, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
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