Read by QxMD icon Read

hypoxia ischemic stress

Yingying Qian, Xiangjiang Guo, Lin Che, Xuejing Guan, Bei Wu, Renhua Lu, Mingli Zhu, Huihua Pang, Yucheng Yan, Zhaohui Ni, Leyi Gu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Klotho is a multifunctional protein expressed predominantly in kidney tubular epithelium. Here, we investigated the protective effects of Klotho on necroptosis in renal ischemic-reperfusion injury (IRI) and the role of oxidative stress in this process. METHODS: Mice were subjected to bilateral renal pedicle clamping. Mouse renal tubular epithelial (TCMK-1) cells were exposed to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) or H2O2. Kidney samples from acute kidney injury (AKI) patients and controls were examined by immunofluorescence...
March 10, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Xu Chen, Xuan Li, Wenyan Zhang, Jie He, Bo Xu, Bin Lei, Zhenhua Wang, Courtney Cates, Thomas Rousselle, Ji Li
BACKGROUND: AMP-activated Protein Kinase (AMPK) is a stress-activated kinase that protects against cardiomyocyte injury during ischemia and reperfusion. c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), a mitogen activated protein kinase, is activated by ischemia and reperfusion. NF-κB is an important transcription factor involved in ischemia and reperfusion injury. METHODS AND RESULTS: The intrinsic activation of AMPK attenuates the inflammation which occurred during ischemia/reperfusion through the modulation of the JNK mediated NF-κB signaling pathway...
March 8, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Maria J Perez-Alvarez, Mario Villa Gonzalez, Irene Benito-Cuesta, Francisco G Wandosell
Intense efforts are being undertaken to understand the pathophysiological mechanisms triggered after brain ischemia and to develop effective pharmacological treatments. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are complex and not completely understood. One of the main problems is the fact that the ischemic damage is time-dependent and ranges from negligible to massive, involving different cell types such as neurons, astrocytes, microglia, endothelial cells, and some blood-derived cells (neutrophils, lymphocytes, etc...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Magdalena A Zabielska, Jan Adamus, Robert Kowalski, Jerzy Gebicki, Ewa M Slominska, Zain Khapley, Ryszard T Smolenski
BACKGROUND: Pyruvate improves contractility of normal, hypoxic, and post-ischemic myocardium. However, sodium overload is a major problem with its therapeutic application if sodium pyruvate is used. Development of alternative forms such as N-1-methylnicotinamide (MNA) pyruvate may help to overcome this problem. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of MNA pyruvate in a murine model of cardiac ischemia. METHODS: Seven month old male ApoE-/- LDLr-/- mice that develop myocardial infarction when exposed to hypoxic stress, were used in this study...
October 13, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
Myoung-Gwi Ryou, Robert T Mallet
Ischemia-reperfusion syndromes of the heart and brain are the leading cause of death and long-term disability worldwide. Development of effective treatments for myocardial infarction, stroke, cardiac arrest and their sequelae requires preclinical models that replicate specific features of ischemia-reperfusion. The complexities of intact animals, including the integrated function of organ systems, autonomic innervation and endocrine factors, often preclude detailed study of specific components of ischemia-reperfusion injury cascades...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Jerónimo Auzmendi, Bruno Buchholz, Jimena Salguero, Carlos Cañellas, Jazmín Kelly, Paula Men, Marcela Zubillaga, Alicia Rossi, Amalia Merelli, Ricardo J Gelpi, Alberto J Ramos, Alberto Lazarowski
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is the major cause of death in those patients suffering from refractory epilepsy (RE), with a 24-fold higher risk relative to the normal population. SUDEP risk increases with seizure frequency and/or seizure-duration as in RE and Status Epilepticus (SE). P-glycoprotein (P-gp), the product of the multidrug resistant ABCB1-MDR-1 gene, is a detoxifying pump that extrudes drugs out of the cells and can confer pharmacoresistance to the expressing cells. Neurons and cardiomyocytes normally do not express P-gp, however, it is overexpressed in the brain of patients or in experimental models of RE and SE...
February 16, 2018: Pharmaceuticals
Yanqun Chang, Qingqing Deng, Xiaomao Cheng, Xingang Luo, Jing Zhang, Xiaoyuan Tang
RATIONALE: Mild hypoxia conditioning induced by repeated episodes of transient ischemia is a clinically applicable method for protecting the brain against injury after hypoxia-ischemic brain damage. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of repeated mild hypoxia postconditioning on brain damage and long-term neural functional recovery after hypoxia-ischemic brain damage. METHODS: and Results Rats received different protocols of repeated mild hypoxia postconditioning...
February 6, 2018: Brain Research Bulletin
Di Chen, Brandon J Dixon, Desislava M Doycheva, Bo Li, Yang Zhang, Qin Hu, Yue He, Zongduo Guo, Derek Nowrangi, Jerry Flores, Valery Filippov, John H Zhang, Jiping Tang
BACKGROUND: The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is responsible for the control of correct protein folding and protein function which is crucial for cell survival. However, under pathological conditions, such as hypoxia-ischemia (HI), there is an accumulation of unfolded proteins thereby triggering the unfolded protein response (UPR) and causing ER stress which is associated with activation of several stress sensor signaling pathways, one of them being the inositol requiring enzyme-1 alpha (IRE1α) signaling pathway...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Ying Song, Weihai Liu, Yi Ding, Yan-Yan Jia, Jinyi Zhao, Fan Wang, Juan Bai, Lianghua Cheng, Kai Gao, Meiyou Liu, Minna Yao, Liang Li, Yanmin Zhang, Aidong Wen, Langchong He
Salvianolic acid A (Sal A) has been shown to prevent and treat ischemic cardiovascular as well as cerebral vascular diseases. However, little is known about Sal A in renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. In this study, a renal I/R injury model in rats and a hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) model to damage proximal renal tubular cells (HK-2) were used to assess whether Sal A halts the development and progression of renal I/R injury. As compared to vehicle treatment, Sal A significantly attenuated kidney injury and lowered plasma creatinine, blood urea nitrogen levels, the number of apoptosis-positive tubular cells, and kidney oxidative stress after renal I/R injury...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Alexander L Kolb, Peter R Corridon, Shijun Zhang, Weimin Xu, Frank A Witzmann, Jason A Collett, George J Rhodes, Seth Winfree, Devin Bready, Zechariah J Pfeffenberger, Jeremy M Pomerantz, Takashi Hato, Glenn T Nagami, Bruce A Molitoris, David P Basile, Simon J Atkinson, Robert L Bacallao
Ischemic preconditioning confers organ-wide protection against subsequent ischemic stress. A substantial body of evidence underscores the importance of mitochondria adaptation as a critical component of cell protection from ischemia. To identify changes in mitochondria protein expression in response to ischemic preconditioning, we isolated mitochondria from ischemic preconditioned kidneys and sham-treated kidneys as a basis for comparison. The proteomic screen identified highly upregulated proteins, including NADP+-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (IDH2), and we confirmed the ability of this protein to confer cellular protection from injury in murine S3 proximal tubule cells subjected to hypoxia...
January 25, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
David J O ' Driscoll, Valeria D Felice, Louise C Kenny, Geraldine B Boylan, Gerard W O'Keeffe
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) resulting from intrauterine or perinatal hypoxic-ischemia (HI) is a leading cause of long-term neonatal neurodisability. While most studies of long-term outcome have focused on moderate and severe HIE in term infants, recent work has shown that those with mild HIE may have subtle neurological impairments. However, the impact of mild HI on pre-term infants is much less clear given that pre-term birth is itself a risk factor for neurodisability. Here we show that mild HI insult alters behaviour, inflammation and the corticosterone stress response in a rat model of pre-term HIE...
January 16, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Munmun Rawat, Sushma Nangia, Praveen Chandrasekharan, Satyan Lakshminrusimha
Meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) during delivery is a marker of fetal stress. Neonates born through MSAF often need resuscitation and are at risk of meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS), air leaks, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), and death. The neonatal resuscitation approach to MSAF has evolved over the last three decades. Previously, nonvigorous neonates soon after delivery were suctioned under the vocal cords with direct visualization technique using a meconium aspirator...
January 16, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
Qiang Ma, Junjie Yang, Xu Huang, Weisheng Guo, Sulei Li, Hao Zhou, Jingwei Li, Feng Cao, Yundai Chen
Stem cell transplantation is a promising therapeutic strategy for myocardial infarction. However, transplanted cells face low survival rates due to oxidative stress and the inflammatory microenvironment in ischemic heart tissue. Melatonin has been used as a powerful endogenous antioxidant to protect cells from oxidative injury. However, melatonin cannot play a long-lasting effect against the hostile microenvironment. Nano drug delivery carriers have the ability to protect the loaded drug from degradation in physiological environments in a controlled manner, which results in longer effects and decreased side effects...
January 12, 2018: Stem Cells
Dhivya Mohan, Eswari Dhivya Balasubramanian, Sriram Ravindran, Gino A Kurian
BACKGROUND: Sodium thiosulfate (STS) is a potent drug used to treat calcific uremic arteriopathy in dialysis patients and its mode of action is envisaged by calcium chelation and antioxidant potential. STS's action on mitochondrial dysfunction, one of the major players in the pathology of vascular calcification is yet to be explored. METHODS: Adenine (0.75%, 28 days)-treated vascular calcified rat kidney was used to isolate mitochondria, where the animal was administered with or without STS for 28 days...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Parvaiz Ahmad Shiekh, Anamika Singh, Ashok Kumar
Oxidative stress plays an important role in various pathological conditions such as wound healing, inflammation, myocardial infarction and biocompatibility of the materials. Antioxidant polymers to attenuate oxidative stress is an emerging field of biomaterial research with a huge impact in the field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. We describe here the fabrication and evaluation of an elastomeric antioxidant polyurethane (PUAO) for tissue engineering applications. Uniaxial and cyclic tensile testing, thermal analysis, degradation, cytotoxicity and antioxidant analysis was carried out...
January 5, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Christiane Charriaut-Marlangue, Valérie C Besson, Olivier Baud
Cohort studies have demonstrated a higher vulnerability in males towards ischemic and/or hypoxic-ischemic injury in infants born near- or full-term. Male sex was also associated with limited brain repair following neonatal stroke and hypoxia-ischemia, leading to increased incidence of long-term cognitive deficits compared to females with similar brain injury. As a result, the design of pre-clinical experiments considering sex as an important variable was supported and investigated because neuroprotective strategies to reduce brain injury demonstrated sexual dimorphism...
December 26, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Lixin Wang, Yan Xue, Hao Ma, Haiyan Shi, Ling Wang, Xiaozheng Cui
Ischemic heart disease (including coronary arterial atherosclerosis, or vascular cavity stenosis or occlusion) remains the leading cause of disease‑associated mortality worldwide. Prazosin, a receptor blocker of postsynaptic adrenaline, is essential in expanding peripheral arteries, which decreases peripheral vascular resistance, and regulates anti‑hypertensive action. However, the mechanisms underlying the effects of prazosin have not been fully elucidated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effects of prazosin on myocardial cells against anoxia‑reoxygenation injury in a mouse model...
February 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Robert M Dietz, Clyde J Wright
The innate immune system has evolved to play an integral role in the normally developing lung and brain. However, in response to oxidative stress, innate immunity, mediated by specific cellular and molecular programs and signaling, contributes to pathology in these same organ systems. Despite opposing drivers of oxidative stress, namely hyperoxia in neonatal lung injury and hypoxia/ischemia in neonatal brain injury, similar pathways-including toll-like receptors, NFκB and MAPK cascades-have been implicated in tissue damage...
November 30, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
James Boslett, Craig Hemann, Fedias L Christofi, Jay L Zweier
The NAD(P)+ -hydrolyzing enzyme CD38 is activated in the heart during the process of ischemia and reperfusion, triggering NAD(P)(H) depletion. However, the presence and role of CD38 in the major cell types of the heart are unknown. Therefore, we characterize the presence and function of CD38 in cardiac myocytes, endothelial cells, and fibroblasts. To comprehensively evaluate CD38 in these cells, we measured gene transcription via mRNA, as well as protein expression and enzymatic activity. Endothelial cells strongly expressed CD38, while only low expression was present in cardiac myocytes with intermediate levels in fibroblasts...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
Chunfang Dai, Yannan Liu, Zhifang Dong
Neonatal hypoxia-ischemia is one of the main reasons that cause neuronal damage and neonatal death. Several studies have shown that tanshinone I (TsI), one of the major ingredients of Danshen, exerts potential neuroprotective effect in adult mice exposed to permanent left cerebral ischemia. However, it is unclear whether administration of TsI has neuroprotective effect on neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD), and if so, the potential mechanisms also remain unclear. Here, we reported that treatment with TsI (5 mg/kg, i...
November 14, 2017: Molecular Brain
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"