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Maternal bond

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525984/study-protocol-evaluation-of-the-probiotic-lactobacillus-fermentum-cect5716-for-the-prevention-of-mastitis-in-breastfeeding-women-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Diana M Bond, Jonathan M Morris, Natasha Nassar
BACKGROUND: Mastitis and accompanying pain have been associated with the cessation of breastfeeding. Mastitis is an inflammatory condition of the breast and may be a result of decreased immunity and a lowered resistance to infection. Mastitis affects up to one in five breastfeeding women with most episodes occurring in the first 6-8 weeks postpartum. Antibiotics are often used in the treatment of mastitis, but have not been popular or proven effective as a preventative agent. The WHO has highlighted significant concerns relating to adverse harms of antibiotic use with the production of antibiotic-resistant strains of disease organisms...
May 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525980/the-distribution-of-mitochondrial-dna-haplogroup-h-in-southern-iberia-indicates-ancient-human-genetic-exchanges-along-the-western-edge-of-the-mediterranean
#2
Candela L Hernández, Jean M Dugoujon, Andrea Novelletto, Juan N Rodríguez, Pedro Cuesta, Rosario Calderón
BACKGROUND: The structure of haplogroup H reveals significant differences between the western and eastern edges of the Mediterranean, as well as between the northern and southern regions. Human populations along the westernmost Mediterranean coasts, which were settled by individuals from two continents separated by a relatively narrow body of water, show the highest frequencies of mitochondrial haplogroup H. These characteristics permit the analysis of ancient migrations between both shores, which may have occurred via primitive sea crafts and early seafaring...
May 19, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525876/discrete-category-of-mother-to-infant-bonding-disorder-and-its-identification-by-the-mother-to-infant-bonding-scale-a-study-in-japanese-mothers-of-a-1-month-old
#3
Asami Matsunaga, Fumie Takauma, Katsuhiko Tada, Toshinori Kitamura
BACKGROUND: Difficulty of maternal bonding towards a baby is widely recognised. It is unclear whether this phenomenon is dimensional or categorical. If categorical, an optimal cut-off score of a screening instrument is needed in clinical settings. AIMS: In this study, we investigated whether maternal bonding is dimensional or categorical phenomenon and try to set optimal cut-off score of screening instruments. METHODS: Self-report questionnaire studies were conducted in a general hospital and four antenatal clinics...
May 16, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501400/the-genetics-of-antibody-response-to-paratuberculosis-in-dairy-cattle
#4
T Pritchard, R Mrode, M Coffey, K Bond, E Wall
Genetic parameters were estimated for antibody response to paratuberculosis (Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis) using milk ELISA test results, collected and analyzed by National Milk Records, from Holstein Friesian cows on UK dairy farms in their first 3 lactations. Milk ELISA test results were obtained from 2007 to 2012 and combined with milk recording data and pedigree information. The reduced data set edited for the purposes of genetic parameter estimation consisted of 148,054 milk ELISA records from 64,645 lactations in 40,142 cows of 908 sires, recorded in 641 herds...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470155/-the-relationships-among-perceived-parental-bonding-illness-perception-and-anxiety-in-adult-patients-with-congenital-heart-diseases
#5
Nayeon Shin, Youha Jang, Younhee Kang
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to identify the relationships among perceived parental bonding, illness perception, and anxiety and to determine the influences of perceived parental bonding and illness perception on anxiety in adult patients with congenital heart diseases. METHODS: In this study a descriptive correlational design with survey method was utilized. The participants were 143 adult patients with congenital heart disease being cared for in the cardiology out-patient clinic of A medical center...
April 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464352/maternal-experience-raising-girls-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-qualitative-study
#6
N Navot, A G Jorgenson, S J Webb
BACKGROUND: A growing line of research has sought to characterize the different presentations of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) among boys and girls. Much less is known about maternal experience and mother-child relationship in children with ASD based on child gender. The present qualitative study aimed to investigate the mother-daughter relationship from the perspective of mothers who are raising girls with ASD with normal intelligence and functional verbal communication. METHODS: Eleven in-depth interviews were conducted with mothers of girls with ASD, ages 10-19 years...
May 2, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458552/perceived-parental-affectionless-control-is-associated-with-high-neuroticism
#7
Nana Takahashi, Akihito Suzuki, Yoshihiko Matsumoto, Toshinori Shirata, Koichi Otani
OBJECTIVE: Depressed patients are prone to perceive that they were exposed to affectionless control by parents. Meanwhile, high neuroticism is a well-established risk factor for developing depression. Therefore, this study examined whether perceived parental affectionless control is associated with high neuroticism. METHODS: The subjects were 664 healthy Japanese volunteers. Perceived parental care and protection were assessed by the Parental Bonding Instrument...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439234/salivary-oxytocin-concentration-associates-with-the-subjective-feeling-of-body-ownership-during-the-rubber-hand-illusion
#8
Masakazu Ide, Makoto Wada
Oxytocin is a hormone of the posterior pituitary that promotes lactation, maternal bonding, and birth. Recent studies have shown that oxytocin may modulate social recognition in both sexes, and thus it may be related to empathy. Brain regions that are associated with social recognition and empathy (e.g., the insular cortex) are activated in the rubber hand illusion (RHI), which involves illusory ownership of a rubber hand caused by brush strokes applied synchronously to both a rubber hand and one of the participant's hand, which is hidden from view...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391110/the-influence-of-parental-care-and-overprotection-neuroticism-and-adult-stressful-life-events-on-depressive-symptoms-in-the-general-adult-population
#9
Yasuyuki Ono, Yoshikazu Takaesu, Yukiei Nakai, Masahiko Ichiki, Jiro Masuya, Ichiro Kusumi, Takeshi Inoue
BACKGROUND: The quality of parenting, neuroticism, and adult stressful life events are reportedly associated with depressive symptoms. However, previous studies have not examined the complex interaction between these three factors. In this study, we hypothesized that the quality of parenting (care and overprotection) acts on depressive symptoms through 'neuroticism' and the appraisal of adult stressful life events, and this hypothesis was verified by structural equation modeling. METHODS: Four hundred one participants from the general adult population were studied using the following self-administered questionnaire surveys: Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI), neuroticism subscale of the short version of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-revised (EPQ-R), and Life Experiences Survey (LES)...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293197/serotonin-transporter-gene-polymorphisms-and-early-parent-infant-interactions-are-related-to-adult-male-heart-rate-response-to-female-crying
#10
Anna Truzzi, Marc H Bornstein, Vincenzo P Senese, Kazuyuki Shinohara, Peipei Setoh, Gianluca Esposito
Adults' adaptive interactions with intimate partners enhance well-being. Here we hypothesized that adult males' physiological responses to opposite-sex conspecifics' distress result from an interaction between an environmental factor (early social interaction with caregivers) and a genetic factor (a polymorphism within the promoter region of the serotonin transporter gene, 5-HTTLPR). We assessed heart rate changes in 42 non-married male adults to distress vocalizations (female, infant, and bonobo cries). Males' early interaction with parents was assessed using the Parental Bonding Instrument...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286539/potential-exposure-to-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-and-selected-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-a-follow-up-study-of-pregnant-women-referred-for-occupational-counselling
#11
Jessica Bengtsson, Pernille Søgaard Thygesen, Linda Kaerlev, Lisbeth E Knudsen, Jens Peter Bonde
BACKGROUND: Experimental evidence indicates that fetal exposure to xenobiotics with the potential to interfere with the endogenous steroid hormone regulation of fetal development may reduce birth weight. However, epidemiological studies are limited. The aim of the study was to investigate whether potential occupational exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDC) of the mother during pregnancy is associated with preterm birth and low birth weight. METHODS: Pregnant women referred to an Occupational Health Clinic (OHC) in two Danish regions (Copenhagen or Aarhus) between 1984 and 2010, suspected of being exposed to occupational reproductive hazards were included in the study...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277399/best-practices-in-management-of-postpartum-pain
#12
Jenifer O Fahey
Pain has been documented as a major concern for women in the postpartum period. Management of postpartum pain, however, is a relatively neglected area of clinical research. As a result, evidence to support interventions to alleviate the discomforts associated with childbirth is sparse. This paucity of research on postpartum pain management is particularly surprising given that in the United States alone nearly 4 million women give birth each year. Inadequate pain relief in the hours to months following childbirth can interfere with maternal-newborn bonding and feeding and, by impeding mobility, can increase the risk of postpartum complications...
April 2017: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257562/planned-early-birth-versus-expectant-management-for-women-with-preterm-prelabour-rupture-of-membranes-prior-to-37-weeks-gestation-for-improving-pregnancy-outcome
#13
REVIEW
Diana M Bond, Philippa Middleton, Kate M Levett, David P van der Ham, Caroline A Crowther, Sarah L Buchanan, Jonathan Morris
BACKGROUND: Current management of preterm prelabour rupture of the membranes (PPROM) involves either initiating birth soon after PPROM or, alternatively, adopting a 'wait and see' approach (expectant management). It is unclear which strategy is most beneficial for mothers and their babies. This is an update of a Cochrane review published in 2010 (Buchanan 2010). OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of planned early birth versus expectant management for women with preterm prelabour rupture of the membranes between 24 and 37 weeks' gestation for fetal, infant and maternal well being...
March 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231274/early-skin-to-skin-contact-after-cesarean-section-a-randomized-clinical-pilot-study
#14
Martina Kollmann, Lisa Aldrian, Anna Scheuchenegger, Eva Mautner, Sereina A Herzog, Berndt Urlesberger, Reinhard B Raggam, Uwe Lang, Barbara Obermayer-Pietsch, Philipp Klaritsch
OBJECTIVE: Early bonding by skin-to-skin contact (SSC) has been demonstrated to be beneficial for mothers and newborns following vaginal delivery. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of intraoperative bonding (early SSC) after cesarean section on neonatal adaptation, maternal pain and stress response. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective, randomized-controlled pilot study was performed at a single academic tertiary hospital (Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Graz, Austria) between September 2013 and January 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212591/maternal-bonding-through-pregnancy-and-postnatal-findings-from-an-australian-longitudinal-study
#15
Larissa Rossen, Delyse Hutchinson, Judy Wilson, Lucinda Burns, Steve Allsop, Elizabeth J Elliott, Sue Jacobs, Jacqui A Macdonald, Craig Olsson, Richard P Mattick
Background Mother-infant bonding provides the foundation for secure attachment through the lifespan and organizes many facets of infant social-emotional development, including later parenting. Aims To describe maternal bonding to offspring across the pregnancy and postnatal periods, and to examine a broad range of sociodemographic and psychosocial predictors of the maternal-offspring bond. Methods Data were drawn from a sample of 372 pregnant women participating in an Australian population-based longitudinal study of postnatal health and development...
February 17, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207685/trends-in-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-27-states-2004-2008-and-2012
#16
Jean Y Ko, Karilynn M Rockhill, Van T Tong, Brian Morrow, Sherry L Farr
Postpartum depression is common and associated with adverse infant and maternal outcomes (e.g., lower breastfeeding initiation and duration and poor maternal and infant bonding) (1-3). A developmental Healthy People 2020 objective is to decrease the proportion of women delivering a live birth who experience postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS).* To provide a baseline for this objective, CDC sought to describe self-reported PDS overall, by reporting state, and by selected sociodemographic factors, using 2004, 2008, and 2012 data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)...
February 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203113/the-influence-of-parenting-on-maladaptive-cognitive-schema-a-cross-sectional-research-on-a-group-of-adults
#17
Monica Pellerone, Calogero Iacolino, Giuseppe Mannino, Ivan Formica, Simona Maria Zabbara
BACKGROUND: The literature emphasizes the role of early interpersonal experiences in the development of cognitive vulnerability; in particular, interruptions in early family relationships, parental unavailability and dysfunctional parenting are potential evolutionary precursors to negative cognitive style and emotional disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study measured the relationship of retrospective ratings on parental bonding with cognitive patterns in a group of Italian adults...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203082/the-parental-bonding-in-families-of-adolescents-with-anorexia-attachment-representations-between-parents-and-offspring
#18
Laura Balottin, Stefania Mannarini, Maura Rossi, Giorgio Rossi, Umberto Balottin
INTRODUCTION: The attachment theory is widely used in order to explain anorexia nervosa origin, course and treatment response. Nevertheless, very little literature specifically investigated parental bonding in adolescents with anorexia, as well as the parents' own bonding and intergenerational transmission within the family. PURPOSE: This study aims to identify any specific pattern of parental bonding in families of adolescents newly diagnosed with restricting-type anorexia, comparing them to the families of the control group...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202409/effects-of-bonding-with-parents-and-home-culture-on-intercultural-adaptations-and-the-moderating-role-of-genes
#19
Desiree Y Phua, Michael J Meaney, Chiea Chuen Khor, Ivy Y M Lau, Ying-Yi Hong
In the current age of globalization, living abroad is becoming an increasingly common and highly sought after experience. Sojourners' ability to adjust to a new culture can be affected by their existing attachments, internalized as intrapsychic environment, as well as their biological sensitivity to environment. This sensitivity can be partly attributed to one's genomic endowments. As such, this prospective study sought to examine the differential effects of early experiences with parents and affection for home culture on young adults' ability to adapt to a foreign culture (n=305, students who studied overseas for a semester) - specifically, the difficulties they experience - moderated by genetic susceptibility...
February 12, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193868/dopamine-in-the-medial-amygdala-network-mediates-human-bonding
#20
Shir Atzil, Alexandra Touroutoglou, Tali Rudy, Stephanie Salcedo, Ruth Feldman, Jacob M Hooker, Bradford C Dickerson, Ciprian Catana, Lisa Feldman Barrett
Research in humans and nonhuman animals indicates that social affiliation, and particularly maternal bonding, depends on reward circuitry. Although numerous mechanistic studies in rodents demonstrated that maternal bonding depends on striatal dopamine transmission, the neurochemistry supporting maternal behavior in humans has not been described so far. In this study, we tested the role of central dopamine in human bonding. We applied a combined functional MRI-PET scanner to simultaneously probe mothers' dopamine responses to their infants and the connectivity between the nucleus accumbens (NAcc), the amygdala, and the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), which form an intrinsic network (referred to as the "medial amygdala network") that supports social functioning...
February 28, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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