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Maternal bond

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212591/maternal-bonding-through-pregnancy-and-postnatal-findings-from-an-australian-longitudinal-study
#1
Larissa Rossen, Delyse Hutchinson, Judy Wilson, Lucinda Burns, Steve Allsop, Elizabeth J Elliott, Sue Jacobs, Jacqui A Macdonald, Craig Olsson, Richard P Mattick
Background Mother-infant bonding provides the foundation for secure attachment through the lifespan and organizes many facets of infant social-emotional development, including later parenting. Aims To describe maternal bonding to offspring across the pregnancy and postnatal periods, and to examine a broad range of sociodemographic and psychosocial predictors of the maternal-offspring bond. Methods Data were drawn from a sample of 372 pregnant women participating in an Australian population-based longitudinal study of postnatal health and development...
February 17, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207685/trends-in-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-27-states-2004-2008-and-2012
#2
Jean Y Ko, Karilynn M Rockhill, Van T Tong, Brian Morrow, Sherry L Farr
Postpartum depression is common and associated with adverse infant and maternal outcomes (e.g., lower breastfeeding initiation and duration and poor maternal and infant bonding) (1-3). A developmental Healthy People 2020 objective is to decrease the proportion of women delivering a live birth who experience postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS).* To provide a baseline for this objective, CDC sought to describe self-reported PDS overall, by reporting state, and by selected sociodemographic factors, using 2004, 2008, and 2012 data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)...
February 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203113/the-influence-of-parenting-on-maladaptive-cognitive-schema-a-cross-sectional-research-on-a-group-of-adults
#3
Monica Pellerone, Calogero Iacolino, Giuseppe Mannino, Ivan Formica, Simona Maria Zabbara
BACKGROUND: The literature emphasizes the role of early interpersonal experiences in the development of cognitive vulnerability; in particular, interruptions in early family relationships, parental unavailability and dysfunctional parenting are potential evolutionary precursors to negative cognitive style and emotional disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study measured the relationship of retrospective ratings on parental bonding with cognitive patterns in a group of Italian adults...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203082/the-parental-bonding-in-families-of-adolescents-with-anorexia-attachment-representations-between-parents-and-offspring
#4
Laura Balottin, Stefania Mannarini, Maura Rossi, Giorgio Rossi, Umberto Balottin
INTRODUCTION: The attachment theory is widely used in order to explain anorexia nervosa origin, course and treatment response. Nevertheless, very little literature specifically investigated parental bonding in adolescents with anorexia, as well as the parents' own bonding and intergenerational transmission within the family. PURPOSE: This study aims to identify any specific pattern of parental bonding in families of adolescents newly diagnosed with restricting-type anorexia, comparing them to the families of the control group...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202409/effects-of-bonding-with-parents-and-home-culture-on-intercultural-adaptations-and-the-moderating-role-of-genes
#5
Desiree Y Phua, Michael J Meaney, Chiea Chuen Khor, Ivy Y M Lau, Ying-Yi Hong
In the current age of globalization, living abroad is becoming an increasingly common and highly sought after experience. Sojourners' ability to adjust to a new culture can be affected by their existing attachments, internalized as intrapsychic environment, as well as their biological sensitivity to environment. This sensitivity can be partly attributed to one's genomic endowments. As such, this prospective study sought to examine the differential effects of early experiences with parents and affection for home culture on young adults' ability to adapt to a foreign culture (n=305, students who studied overseas for a semester) - specifically, the difficulties they experience - moderated by genetic susceptibility...
February 12, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193868/dopamine-in-the-medial-amygdala-network-mediates-human-bonding
#6
Shir Atzil, Alexandra Touroutoglou, Tali Rudy, Stephanie Salcedo, Ruth Feldman, Jacob M Hooker, Bradford C Dickerson, Ciprian Catana, Lisa Feldman Barrett
Research in humans and nonhuman animals indicates that social affiliation, and particularly maternal bonding, depends on reward circuitry. Although numerous mechanistic studies in rodents demonstrated that maternal bonding depends on striatal dopamine transmission, the neurochemistry supporting maternal behavior in humans has not been described so far. In this study, we tested the role of central dopamine in human bonding. We applied a combined functional MRI-PET scanner to simultaneously probe mothers' dopamine responses to their infants and the connectivity between the nucleus accumbens (NAcc), the amygdala, and the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), which form an intrinsic network (referred to as the "medial amygdala network") that supports social functioning...
February 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188998/midwives-experiences-of-working-in-an-obstetric-high-dependency-unit-a-qualitative-study
#7
Isabelle J Eadie, Nicolette F Sheridan
OBJECTIVES: to understand the challenges experienced by midwives providing obstetric high dependency care and identify the training they perceive is needed for work in an obstetric high dependency unit. DESIGN: sixteen midwives who worked in the obstetric high dependency unit participated in one of three focus groups. Focus groups lasted 60-90minutes and were conducted in the workplace and facilitated by author (IE). Data were digitally recorded, transcribed and analysed manually by author (IE), specifically using a 'codebook' model to generate codes, categories and themes...
January 21, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169158/maternal-singing-of-lullabies-during-pregnancy-and-after-birth-effects-on-mother-infant-bonding-and-on-newborns-behaviour-concurrent-cohort-study
#8
Giuseppina Persico, Laura Antolini, Patrizia Vergani, Walter Costantini, Maria Teresa Nardi, Lidia Bellotti
BACKGROUND: Mother-infant bonding is of great importance for the development and the well-being of the baby. The aim of this Concurrent Cohort Study was to investigate the effects of mothers singing lullabies on bonding, newborns' behaviour and maternal stress. METHODS: Eighty-three (singing cohort) and 85 (concurrent cohort) women were recruited at antenatal classes at 24 weeks g.a. and followed up to 3 months after birth. The Prenatal Attachment Inventory (PAI) and the Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale (MIBS) were used to assess maternal-foetal attachment and postnatal bonding...
February 3, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146163/adherence-to-the-follow-up-of-the-newborn-exposed-to-syphilis-and-factors-associated-with-loss-to-follow-up
#9
Marjorie Cristiane Feliz, Adeli Regina Prizybicien, Andrea Maciel Rossoni, Tony Tahnus, Adriane Miro Vianna Benke Pereira, Cristina Rodrigues
Introduction: All newborns exposed to syphilis in pregnancy must have outpatient follow-up. The interruption of this follow-up especially threatens those children who were not treated at birth. Objective: To describe the clinical, epidemiological, and sociodemographic characteristics of pregnant women with syphilis and their newborns, and to investigate the factors associated with the discontinuation of the follow-up. Methods: This is an observational, descriptive, analytical, and retrospective study of medical records of 254 children exposed to syphilis, who were assisted at the Congenital Infectious Clinic of the university hospital of the Universidade Federal do Paraná, between 2000 and 2010...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137316/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-time-intensive-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-postpartum-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-effects-on-maternal-symptoms-mother-infant-interactions-and-attachment
#10
F L Challacombe, P M Salkovskis, M Woolgar, E L Wilkinson, J Read, R Acheson
BACKGROUND: There is increasing recognition that perinatal anxiety disorders are both common and potentially serious for mother and child. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) can be triggered or exacerbated in the postpartum period, with mothers reporting significant effects on parenting tasks. However, there is little evidence concerning their effective treatment or the impact of successful treatment on parenting. METHOD: A total of 34 mothers with OCD and a baby of 6 months old were randomized into either time-intensive cognitive-behaviour therapy (iCBT) or treatment as usual (TAU)...
January 31, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110156/maternal-childhood-trauma-postpartum-depression-and-infant-outcomes-avoidant-affective-processing-as-a-potential-mechanism
#11
Karmel W Choi, Kathleen J Sikkema, Bavi Vythilingum, Lut Geerts, Sheila C Faure, Melissa H Watt, Annerine Roos, Dan J Stein
BACKGROUND: Women who have experienced childhood trauma may be at risk for postpartum depression, increasing the likelihood of negative outcomes among their children. Predictive pathways from maternal childhood trauma to child outcomes, as mediated by postpartum depression, require investigation. METHODS: A longitudinal sample of South African women (N=150) was followed through pregnancy and postpartum. Measures included maternal trauma history reported during pregnancy; postpartum depression through six months; and maternal-infant bonding, infant development, and infant physical growth at one year...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101116/journey-to-motherhood-in-the-first-year-after-child-birth
#12
Nahid Javadifar, Fereshteh Majlesi, Alireza Nikbakht, Saharnaz Nedjat, Ali Montazeri
Objective: Child bearing is a period of psychological challenges that must be viewed in a social context. This study reports the maternal transition from the perspective of Iranian first-time mothers in the first year after childbirth. Materials and methods: Qualitative method was chosen for explanation of mothers' individual experiences of motherhood.26 first-time mothers (aged 18-35 years old with various socio-economic status) who had delivered between 0-1 year prior to the interviews participated in the study...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094169/a-12-week-randomized-controlled-trial-of-twice-daily-intranasal-oxytocin-for-social-cognitive-deficits-in-people-with-schizophrenia
#13
L Fredrik Jarskog, Cort A Pedersen, Jacqueline L Johnson, Robert M Hamer, Shane W Rau, Tonya Elliott, David L Penn
Social cognition is impaired in people with schizophrenia and these deficits are strongly correlated with social functioning. Oxytocin is a hypothalamic peptide that contributes to maternal infant bonding and has diverse pro-social effects in adults. This study tested the hypothesis that 12weeks of intranasal oxytocin will improve social cognitive function in outpatients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. Sixty-eight eligible participants were randomized to oxytocin (24IU twice daily) or placebo...
January 13, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090399/breastfeeding-in-samoa-a-study-to-explore-women-s-knowledge-and-the-factors-which-influence-infant-feeding-practices
#14
Lucy E Archer, Thomas F Dunne, Lauren J Lock, Lucy A Price, Zubair Ahmed
A decline in breastfeeding rates in Samoa has been reported over the last century. To assess the length of time women breastfeed, their knowledge of both the advantages of and recommendations for breastfeeding, and the factors that influence their decisions to continue or discontinue breastfeeding, a questionnaire was distributed at Tupua Tamasese Meaole Hospital. One hundred and twenty-one eligible participants were included aged 18-50 years (mean age 28.2). Ninety percent of participants initiated breastfeeding, and the majority (78%) of babies were exclusively breastfed for at least the recommended 6 months...
January 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079443/breastfeeding-in-women-having-experienced-childhood-sexual-abuse
#15
Constanze Elfgen, Niels Hagenbuch, Gisela Görres, Emina Block, Brigitte Leeners
BACKGROUND: Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) can have a serious effect on general and obstetric health. Breastfeeding includes several triggers for memories of abuse experiences, which will likely influence decisions about breastfeeding and its implementation in daily life. This is important since breastfeeding improves maternal well-being and bonding with the child. Research aim: As breastfeeding strongly influences the long-term health of children, we investigated experiences with breastfeeding in women with a history of CSA...
February 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064099/an-enhanced-recovery-programme-after-caesarean-delivery-increases-maternal-satisfaction-and-improves-maternal-neonatal-bonding-a-case-control-study
#16
Anne Laronche, Luiza Popescu, Dan Benhamou
OBJECTIVES: Enhanced recovery programmes (ERP) have been shown to improve postoperative outcomes. The aim of our study was to investigate the impact of an ERP after caesarean delivery on maternal feelings and satisfaction towards mother-child bonding initiation, in comparison with traditional postoperative care. STUDY DESIGN: A comparative, prospective and multicentre study was conducted in three maternity units of the Paris area: one applied traditional postoperative care while the two others applied an ERP, were included patients after elective or emergency caesarean delivery who had given birth to full-term healthy singleton newborns...
December 30, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052452/oxytocin-response-to-youth-mother-interactions-in-clinically-anxious-youth-is-associated-with-separation-anxiety-and-dyadic-behavior
#17
Eli R Lebowitz, Wendy K Silverman, Alyssa M Martino, Orna Zagoory-Sharon, Ruth Feldman, James F Leckman
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are common in youth and cause significant distress and impairment to the individual and family. Oxytocin (OT), a nine amino acid peptide, is implicated in anxiety regulation and modulation of close interpersonal and attachment behavior. Anxiety disorders have been linked to low levels of salivary OT in youth. Research has also linked oxytocinergic functioning to social support, warm contact, and bonding, and indicated that contact with attachment figures stimulates OT response...
January 3, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041836/the-neurobiology-of-human-attachments
#18
REVIEW
Ruth Feldman
Attachment bonds are a defining feature of mammals. A conceptual framework on human attachments is presented, integrating insights from animal research with neuroimaging studies. Four mammalian bonds are described, including parent-infant, pair-bonds, peers, and conspecifics, all built upon systems shaped by maternal provisions during sensitive periods, and evolution from rodents to humans is detailed. Bonding is underpinned by crosstalk of oxytocin and dopamine in striatum, combining motivation and vigor with social focus, and their time sensitivity/pulsatility enables reorganization of neural networks...
February 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026882/supplemental-feeding-of-captive-neonatal-koalas-phascolarctos-cinereus
#19
Eri Shibata, Izumi Shindo, Etsuko Miyakawa, Nobuhide Kido
Koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) are cautious animals, making supplemental feeding of neonates challenging because of disturbances to the normal routine. However, supplemental feeding is beneficial in improving juvenile nutrition using less formula than required for hand-rearing, and allowing maternal bonding to continue through suckling. In this study, two neonatal koalas, delivered by the same mother in 2 years, exhibited insufficient growth post-emergence from the pouch; supplemental feeding was therefore initiated...
December 27, 2016: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002062/nonopioid-management-of-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome
#20
Anne-Marie Boucher
BACKGROUND: Current standard therapy for moderate to severe neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) includes opioid administration and often results in separation of mother and infant. Impaired maternal-infant bonding and extended neonatal opiate exposure may be associated with adverse developmental outcomes. Increased use of nonopioid adjunctive NAS therapies may decrease postnatal opioid exposure and length of stay (LOS), thereby promoting positive developmental outcomes for NAS-affected infants...
December 20, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
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