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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411706/-maternal-bonding-style-cholinergic-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-in-association-with-smoking-related-depressive-symptoms
#1
Iren Csala, Peter Dome, Judit Lazary
Backgorund: There is accumulating evidence on the association between the cholinergic system and nicotine dependence (ND) in the literature and the bidirectional relationship of ND and depression. However, the molecular background of the development of ND and related affective phenotype is not clear. METHODS: We recruited 255 tretament-seeking smokers into our study. For phenotyping assessments we used the Fagerstrom Nicotine Dependence Test; The Minnessotta Nicotine Withdrawal Scale; the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale and the Parental Bonding Instrument...
December 2017: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410790/pre-linguistic-infants-employ-complex-communicative-loops-to-engage-mothers-in-social-exchanges-and-repair-interaction-ruptures
#2
Nadège Bourvis, Magi Singer, Catherine Saint Georges, Nicolas Bodeau, Mohamed Chetouani, David Cohen, Ruth Feldman
Language has long been identified as a powerful communicative tool among humans. Yet, pre-linguistic communication, which is common in many species, is also used by human infants prior to the acquisition of language. The potential communicational value of pre-linguistic vocal interactions between human infants and mothers has been studied in the past decades. With 120 dyads (mothers and three- or six-month-old infants), we used the classical Still Face Paradigm (SFP) in which mothers interact freely with their infants, then refrain from communication (Still Face, SF), and finally resume play...
January 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404742/reliability-and-validity-of-the-german-version-of-the-maternal-fetal-attachment-scale
#3
Anne Doster, Stephanie Wallwiener, Mitho Müller, Lina Maria Matthies, Katharina Plewniok, Sandra Feller, Ruben-Jeremias Kuon, Christof Sohn, Joachim Rom, Markus Wallwiener, Corinna Reck
OBJECTIVES: In understanding early disturbances in the mother-child relationship, maternal-fetal attachment has become an important concept. To date no study has investigated the reliability and validity of the German version of the Maternal Fetal Attachment Scale (MFAS). The present study aimed to close this gap. METHODS: Questionnaires were completed in a sample of 324 women [third trimester (T1), first week postpartum (T2), and 4 months postpartum (T3)]. In addition to the MFAS (T1), the following measures were assessed: the questionnaire of partnership (T1), the postpartum bonding questionnaire (T2), the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (T1-T3), the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (T1-T3), and the pregnancy related anxiety questionnaire (T1-T3)...
February 5, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400374/the-role-of-4d-us-in-evaluation-of-fetal-movements-and-facial-expressions-and-their-relationship-with-fetal-neurobehaviour
#4
REVIEW
Mihaela Grigore, Dumitru Gafitanu, Demetra Socolov, AnaMaria Grigore, Georgiana Nemeti, Romeo Micu
The introduction of four-dimensional (4D) ultrasonography (US) allows the study of fetal movements and facial expressions in real time. The possibility of evaluating fetal movements has led to the study of fetal neurobehaviour, which has been for a long period of time a mystery for physicians. The study of fetal activity in utero could differentiate between normal and abnormal behavioural patterns, thus making possible the early recognition of fetal brain impairment. Facial expressions observed with 4D US represent a marker for neurobehaviour and at the same time could enhance fetal-maternal bonding...
February 4, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390992/traumatic-events-exploring-associations-with-maternal-depression-infant-bonding-and-oxytocin-in-latina-mothers
#5
Sandraluz Lara-Cinisomo, Kefu Zhu, Kexin Fei, Yumeng Bu, Alexandria P Weston, Uma Ravat
BACKGROUND: Childhood and adulthood traumatic experiences negatively impact maternal-infant bonding and increase risk of postpartum depression (PPD). Lower oxytocin levels have also been associated with PPD and compromised mother-infant bonding. Despite advances in these areas of investigation, much of the research has not included Latinas, who are important because they have high rates of fertility, traumatic events, and PPD. METHODS: To address gaps identified in the literature, we explored associations between traumatic life events, PPD, and bonding subscale scores (e...
February 1, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365106/psychosocial-adversity-and-socioeconomic-position-during-childhood-and-epigenetic-age-analysis-of-two-prospective-cohort-studies
#6
Rebecca B Lawn, Emma L Anderson, Matthew Suderman, Andrew J Simpkin, Tom R Gaunt, Andrew E Teschendorff, Martin Widschwendter, Rebecca Hardy, Diana Kuh, Caroline L Relton, Laura D Howe
Psychosocial adversity in childhood (e.g. abuse) and low socioeconomic position (SEP) can have significant lasting effects on social and health outcomes. DNA methylation-based biomarkers are highly correlated with chronological age; departures of methylation-predicted age from chronological age can be used to define a measure of age acceleration, which may represent a potential biological mechanism linking environmental exposures to later health outcomes. Using data from two cohorts of women (the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, ALSPAC, N = 989 and MRC National Survey of Health and Development, NSHD, N = 773), we assessed associations of SEP, psychosocial adversity in childhood (parental physical or mental illness or death, parental separation, parental absence, sub-optimal maternal bonding, sexual, emotional and physical abuse and neglect) and a cumulative score of these psychosocial adversity measures, with DNA methylation age acceleration in adulthood (measured in peripheral blood at mean chronological ages 29 and 47 in ALSPAC and buccal cells at age 53 in NSHD)...
January 22, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364853/examining-the-impact-of-maternal-individual-features-on-children-s-behavioral-problems-in-adoptive-families-the-role-of-maternal-temperament-and-neurobiological-markers
#7
Yagmur Ozturk, Virginia Barone, Lavinia Barone
The first year after adoption constitutes a sensitive period for both strengthening the new emotional bond in the family and checking its appropriate development by adoption services. A key variable for children's catch-up are adoptive parents' socioemotional and individual features. The aim of this study is to investigate links between adoptive mothers' individual features and behavioral problems in their children in the first year after adoption placement, by testing the moderating role of both age at adoption and maternal genetic polymorphisms...
January 24, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360558/dynamics-of-social-behaviour-at-parturition-in-a-gregarious-ungulate
#8
F J Pérez-Barbería, D M Walker
Group living is the behavioural response that results when individuals assess the costs vs benefits of sociality, and these trade-offs vary across an animal's life. Here we quantitatively assess how periparturient condition (mother/non-mother) and births affect the dynamics of social interactions of a gregarious ungulate, and how such can help to explain evolutionary hypotheses of the mother-offspring bond. To achieve this we used data of the individual movement of a group of Scottish blackface sheep (Ovis aries) marked with GPS collars and properties of mathematical graphs (networks)...
January 19, 2018: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360410/an-intraoral-appliance-to-retract-the-protrusive-premaxilla-in-bilateral-cleft-lip-patients-presenting-late-for-primary-lip-repair
#9
Nandagopal Vura, Rajasekhar Gaddipati, Yudhistar Palla, Pranay Kumar
The protruding and deviated premaxilla in bilateral complete cleft lip and palate (BCL/P) patients causes a perplexing problem in achieving a tension-free primary lip closure. An innovative noninvasive active intraoral Fixed Pre-Surgical Cleft Orthopedic (FPSCO) appliance is presented that has enabled to successfully reposition the premaxillary segment to a more favorable position prior to the surgical repair in 4 BCL/P patients, who reported late for treatment with a mean age of 18 ± 3 months. All the patients had at least 1 deciduous tooth erupted in 3 cleft segments, 1 premaxilla (PM), and 2 lateral maxillary (LM) segments...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350128/between-a-rock-a-bye-and-a-hard-place-mood-disorders-during-the-peripartum-period
#10
Michael Thomson, Verinder Sharma
Mood disorders including major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder are common during and after pregnancy. Timely identification and appropriate management of mood episodes is essential to maximize maternal well-being and minimize adverse outcomes. Failure to do so results in maternal suffering and impaired child bonding, and has the potential for devastating outcomes including suicide and infanticide. Women are routinely screened for unipolar depression during or after pregnancy but not for bipolar disorder, in spite of the fact that childbirth is associated with a major risk for onset or exacerbation of bipolar disorder...
December 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343868/galectin-13-a-different-prototype-galectin-does-not-bind-%C3%AE-galacto-sides-and-forms-dimers-via-intermolecular-disulfide-bridges-between-cys-136-and-cys-138
#11
Jiyong Su, Yue Wang, Yunlong Si, Jin Gao, Chenyang Song, Linlin Cui, Runjie Wu, Guihua Tai, Yifa Zhou
During pregnancy, placental protein-13 (galectin-13) is highly expressed in the placenta and fetal tissue, and less so in maternal serum that is related to pre-eclampsia. To understand galectin-13 function at the molecular level, we solved its crystal structure and discovered that its dimer is stabilized by two disulfide bridges between Cys136 and Cys138 and six hydrogen bonds involving Val135, Val137, and Gln139. Native PAGE and gel filtration demonstrate that this is not a crystallization artifact because dimers also form in solution...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337007/postnatal-post-traumatic-stress-an-integrative-review
#12
Madeleine Simpson, Virginia Schmied, Cathy Dickson, Hannah Grace Dahlen
PROBLEM: Post-traumatic stress disorder and post-traumatic stress symptoms following birth occur amongst a small proportion of women but can lead to poor maternal mental health, impairment in mother-infant bonding and relationship stress. This integrative review aims to examine the associated risk factors and women's own experiences of postnatal post-traumatic stress in order to better understand this phenomenon. METHOD: Fifty three articles were included and critically reviewed using the relevant Critical Appraisal Skills Program checklists or Strengthening the Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology assessment tool...
January 11, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327315/maternal-bonding-behavior-adult-intimate-relationship-and-quality-of-life
#13
Michaela Schmoeger, Matthias Deckert, Petra Wagner, Ulrike Sirsch, Ulrike Willinger
Continuity and discontinuity in the development of social relationships have been investigated by reviewing the course of social bonds and by analyzing the effects of a sound intimate relationship in adulthood in conjunction with recalled maternal bonding on the quality of life among students.A questionnaire-based study of 207 students was conducted. Perceptions of maternal bonding were designated as being representative of one of the two contrasting bonding types "optimal maternal bonding" and "affectionless maternal control" assessed by the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) and combined with perceptions of a sound intimate adult relationship measured by the Family Assessment Measure III Dyadic Relationships Scale (FAM-III-D)...
January 11, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289657/effects-of-social-defeat-on-paternal-behavior-and-pair-bonding-behavior-in-male-california-mice-peromyscus-californicus
#14
Alex S Kowalczyk, Randy F Davila, Brian C Trainor
Male parental care is an important social behavior for several mammalian species. Psychosocial stress is usually found to inhibit maternal behavior, but effects on paternal behavior have been less consistent. We tested the effects of social defeat stress on pair bond formation and paternal behavior in the monogamous California mouse (Peromyscus californicus). Social defeat reduced time spent in a chamber with a stranger female during a partner preference test conducted 24h after pairing, but increased latency to the first litter...
December 28, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288748/abandoned-prairie-vole-mothers-show-normal-maternal-care-but-altered-emotionality-potential-influence-of-the-brain-corticotropin-releasing-factor-system
#15
Oliver J Bosch, Tobias T Pohl, Inga D Neumann, Larry J Young
When fathers leave the family, mothers are at increased risk of developing depression and anxiety disorders. In biparental, socially monogamous prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster), sudden bond disruption increases passive stress-coping, indicative of depressive-like behavior, and acts as chronic stressor in both males and females. However, the consequences of separation in lactating prairie vole mothers are unknown. In the present study, following 18 days of cohousing, half of the prairie vole pairs were separated by removing the male...
December 27, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232565/parental-bonding-and-adolescents-depressive-and-anxious-symptoms-in-pakistan
#16
Amna Khalid, Farah Qadir, Stella W Y Chan, Matthias Schwannauer
INTRODUCTION: A quantitative cross sectional study was carried out to investigate the role of parental bonding in relation to depressive and anxious symptoms among secondary school adolescents in Pakistan. The study also aimed to investigate the construct validity of the parental bonding inventory in the cultural context of Pakistan. METHODS: The sample consisted of 1124 adolescents recruited from eight secondary schools in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Urdu translated versions of Parental Bonding Instrument (Qadir et al...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223210/providing-evidence-based-care-during-the-golden-hour
#17
Jennifer L Neczypor, Sharon L Holley
The Golden Hour encompasses a set of evidence-based practices that contribute to the physiologic stabilization of the mother-newborn dyad after birth. Important elements of the Golden Hour include delayed cord clamping, skin-to-skin contact for at least an hour, the performance of newborn assessments on the maternal abdomen, delaying non-urgent tasks (e.g., bathing the newborn) for 60 minutes, and the early initiation of breastfeeding. The Golden Hour contributes to neonatal thermoregulation, decreased stress levels in a woman and her newborn, and improved mother-newborn bonding...
December 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222936/role-of-central-oxytocin-and-dopamine-systems-in-nociception-and-their-possible-interactions-suggested-hypotheses
#18
Mohammed Gamal-Eltrabily, Alfredo Manzano-García
Central oxytocin and dopamine have an important role in the process of nociception at the spinal level as well as supraspinal structures, e.g. anterior cingulate cortex, insular cortex, amygdala, nucleus accumbens, and hypothalamus. Many studies have pointed out the importance of both systems in the pain descending modulatory system and in pain-related symptoms in some chronic disorders, e.g. Parkinson disease and fibromyalgia. The interaction between oxytocin and dopamine systems has been addressed in some motivational behaviors, e...
December 9, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205275/antenatal-maternal-education-for-improving-postnatal-perineal-healing-for-women-who-have-birthed-in-a-hospital-setting
#19
REVIEW
Sonia M O'Kelly, Zena Eh Moore
BACKGROUND: The female perineum becomes suffused and stretched during pregnancy, and further strain during vaginal childbirth contributes to approximately 85% of women experiencing some degree of trauma to the perineal region. Multiple factors play a role in the type and severity of trauma experienced, including parity, delivery method, and local practices. There is ongoing debate about best midwifery practice to reduce perineal trauma. Once perineal trauma has occurred, treatment also varies greatly, depending on its degree and severity, local practice and customs, and personal preference...
December 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194045/mothering-under-the-influence-how-perinatal-drugs-of-abuse-alter-the-mother-infant-interaction
#20
Anna Brancato, Carla Cannizzaro
Although drug-abusing women try to moderate their drug and alcohol use during pregnancy, they often relapse at a time when childcare needs are high and maternal bonding is critical to an infant's development. In the clinical setting, the search for the neural basis of drug-induced caregiving deficits is complex due to several intervening variables. Rather, the preclinical studies that control for drug dose and regimen, as well as for gestational and postpartum environment, allow a precise determination of the effects of drugs on maternal behaviour...
December 1, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
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