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Factor VIII-independent activation of factor X by factors IXa and VII in plasma

Matthew F Hockin, Kenneth C Jones, Stephen J Everse, Kenneth G Mann
We have developed a model of the extrinsic blood coagulation system that includes the stoichiometric anticoagulants. The model accounts for the formation, expression, and propagation of the vitamin K-dependent procoagulant complexes and extends our previous model by including: (a) the tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI)-mediated inactivation of tissue factor (TF).VIIa and its product complexes; (b) the antithrombin-III (AT-III)-mediated inactivation of IIa, mIIa, factor VIIa, factor IXa, and factor Xa; (c) the initial activation of factor V and factor VIII by thrombin generated by factor Xa-membrane; (d) factor VIIIa dissociation/activity loss; (e) the binding competition and kinetic activation steps that exist between TF and factors VII and VIIa; and (f) the activation of factor VII by IIa, factor Xa, and factor IXa...
May 24, 2002: Journal of Biological Chemistry
M Hoffman, D M Monroe, H R Roberts
High levels of recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa; NovoSeven, Novo Nordisk, Bagsvaerd, Denmark) have been found to be effective in providing haemostasis in haemophiliacs and in normal individuals with acquired inhibitors to factor VIII (FVIII) or FIX. However, the mechanism of this therapeutic effect of FVIIa is unclear. Opinion is divided over whether high-dose FVIIa therapy works primarily by a tissue factor (TF)-dependent or -independent mechanism. Our group originally favoured a TF-dependent mechanism; however, we have recently found that, at levels comparable with those attained therapeutically, FVIIa activates enough FX on activated platelets to restore platelet surface thrombin generation...
March 1998: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
F Ofosu, M A Blajchman, G Modi, J Hirsh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 1981: Thrombosis Research
P Lollar, D N Fass
Activated porcine Factor IX is irreversibly inhibited by an active site histidine-directed serine protease inhibitor, dansyl-glutamyl-glycyl-arginyl-chloromethylketone (DEGR-CK). The kinetics of inhibition are second order up to inhibitor concentrations of 10(-5) M. The apparent second-order rate constant (in 0.20 M NaCl, pH 8.0) is 1.7 X 10(4) M-1 min-1, which is considerably lower than values reported for Factor Xa, thrombin, plasmin, and kallikrein. Reaction of increasing concentrations of DEGR-CK with Factor IXa, followed by analysis of residual enzymatic activity, yields 1...
September 1984: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
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