keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Infectious disease. Pediatrics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229167/glomerular-diseases-in-children
#1
REVIEW
Scott E Wenderfer, Joseph P Gaut
Unique challenges exist in the diagnosis and treatment of glomerular diseases with their onset during childhood. Mounting evidence supports the notion that earlier onset cases occur due to larger numbers of genetic risk alleles. Nearly all causes of adult-onset glomerulonephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and thrombotic microangiopathy have also been described in children, although the prevalence of specific causes differs. Postinfectious glomerulonephritis, Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis, and minimal change disease remain the most common causes of glomerular disease in younger children in the United States and can be diagnosed clinically without need for biopsy...
November 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222262/pediatric-leukemia-susceptibility-disorders-manifestations-and-management
#2
REVIEW
Lisa J McReynolds, Sharon A Savage
The clinical manifestations of inherited susceptibility to leukemia encompass a wide phenotypic range, including patients with certain congenital anomalies or early-onset myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and some with no obvious medical problems until they develop leukemia. Leukemia susceptibility syndromes occur as a result of autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, or X-linked recessive inheritance, or de novo occurrence, of germline pathogenic variants in DNA repair, ribosome biogenesis, telomere biology, hematopoietic transcription factors, tumor suppressors, and other critical cellular processes...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221321/living-related-lung-transplantation
#3
REVIEW
Hiroshi Date
Living-donor lobar lung transplantation (LDLLT) was developed to deal with the severe shortage of brain dead door for patients who would not survive the long waiting period. In standard LDLLT, right and left lower lobes removed from two healthy donors are implanted into a recipient after right and left pneumonectomies using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The number of LDLLT has decreased in the USA due to the recent change in allocation system for cadaveric donor lungs. For the past several years, most of the reports on LDLLT have been from Japan, where the average waiting time for a cadaveric lung is exceeding 800 days...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219857/a-literature-review-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-dealing-with-complications
#4
Hatice Pars, Hicran Çavuşoğlu
Sufficient energy and essential nutrients are vital for normal growth and development in childhood. Ideally, nutrition should be provided orally. However, if the gastrointestinal system is functional, enteral tube feeding can be used when nutritional requirements cannot be provided orally, thus providing nutritional benefits and enabling positive disease management in pediatric patients. Postoperative care in children allows monitoring of the position and functionality of the tube; performing nutrition intolerance, growth, hydration, and nutritional assessments; and performing metabolic and complication follow-ups...
December 6, 2017: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218436/peritoneal-dialysis-and-infants-further-insights-into-a-complicated-relationship
#5
EDITORIAL
Enrico Vidal
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) in infants represents one of the greatest challenges for pediatric nephrologists. Over recent years, positive outcome data described by several multicenter experiences and registry studies have increased the amount of information available to help determine whether to initiate a dialysis program in this high-risk patient population. There is no doubt that the rigorous implementation of strategies aimed at preventing infectious complications may have contributed to reducing the morbidity rate of these patients...
December 7, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214394/serious-adverse-events-associated-with-anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-agents-in-pediatric-onset-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-in-a-real-life-setting
#6
Serena Pastore, Samuele Naviglio, Arianna Canuto, Loredana Lepore, Stefano Martelossi, Alessandro Ventura, Andrea Taddio
OBJECTIVES: Anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNF-α) agents are generally well tolerated, yet they can be associated with serious adverse events (SAEs) in a minority of patients. We examined the incidence of SAEs in a pediatric referral center for chronic rheumatologic and gastroenterological inflammatory disorders. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of SAEs occurring during treatment with anti-TNF-α agents in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) (n = 78)  or pediatric-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) (n = 105) seen at the Institute for Maternal and Child Health IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo" in Trieste, Italy, between June 2001 and February 2016...
December 6, 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206649/the-importance-of-the-microbiome-in-pediatrics-and-pediatric-infectious-diseases
#7
Thaidra Gaufin, Nicole H Tobin, Grace M Aldrovandi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Emerging research on the pediatric microbiome implicates the importance of the microbiome on the development of the immune system, nervous system, and growth. Changes to the microbiome during infancy are associated with the development of chronic illnesses such as asthma and inflammatory bowel disease. Additionally, the microbiome provides protection against certain pathogens, affects vaccine responses, and alters drug metabolism. This review highlights what is known about the microbiome, the establishment of a healthy microbiome and the significance that changes to the microbiome composition have on growth and health of children and adolescents...
December 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191346/neutrophilic-dermatoses-kids-are-not-just-little-people
#8
Grace L Lee, Amy Y-Y Chen
Neutrophilic dermatoses are a group of inflammatory skin disorders characterized by an overactive innate immune system with dysregulation of neutrophils without underlying infectious etiology. The major representative conditions discussed are Sweet syndrome; pyoderma gangrenosum; neutrophilic eccrine hidradenitis; palmoplantar eccrine hidradenitis; subcorneal pustular dermatoses; bowel-associated dermatosis arthritis syndrome; and synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis. We will also discuss other neutrophilic conditions present almost exclusively in the pediatric population, including congenital erosive and vesicular dermatosis with reticulated supple scarring and the recently described group of autoinflammatory diseases...
November 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189694/committee-opinion-no-726-hospital-disaster-preparedness-for-obstetricians-and-facilities-providing-maternity-care
#9
(no author information available yet)
Large-scale catastrophic events and infectious disease outbreaks highlight the need for disaster planning at all community levels. Features unique to the obstetric population (including antepartum, intrapartum, postpartum and neonatal care) warrant special consideration in the event of a disaster. Pregnancy increases the risks of untoward outcomes from various infectious diseases. Trauma during pregnancy presents anatomic and physiologic considerations that often can require increased use of resources such as higher rates of cesarean delivery...
December 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189692/committee-opinion-no-726-summary-hospital-disaster-preparedness-for-obstetricians-and-facilities-providing-maternity-care
#10
(no author information available yet)
Large-scale catastrophic events and infectious disease outbreaks highlight the need for disaster planning at all community levels. Features unique to the obstetric population (including antepartum, intrapartum, postpartum and neonatal care) warrant special consideration in the event of a disaster. Pregnancy increases the risks of untoward outcomes from various infectious diseases. Trauma during pregnancy presents anatomic and physiologic considerations that often can require increased use of resources such as higher rates of cesarean delivery...
December 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189658/discharge-criteria-for-bronchiolitis-an-unmet-need
#11
Cristina Garcia-Mauriño, Melissa Moore-Clingenpeel, Rebecca Wallihan, Katalin Koranyi, Bavani Rajah, Tiffany Shirk, Maria Vegh, Octavio Ramilo, Asuncion Mejias
BACKGROUND: Admission criteria and standardized management strategies for bronchiolitis are addressed in several guidelines and have shown to be beneficial; however, guidance regarding discharge criteria is limited and widely variable. We assessed the impact on clinical outcomes of a discharge protocol for children < 2 years of age hospitalized with bronchiolitis in a tertiary care pediatric hospital. METHODS: In October 2013, a protocol to standardize the discharge of children with bronchiolitis was implemented in the infectious diseases (ID) ward, but not in other pediatric units caring for these children (non-ID)...
November 20, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182223/tuberculosis-in-poland-in-2015
#12
Maria Korzeniewska-Koseła
AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the main features of TB epidemiology in 2015 in Poland and to compare with the data on the same phenomena in the EU/EEA countries. METHODS: Analysis of case – based data on TB patients from National TB Register, data on anti-TB drug susceptibility testing results in cases notified in 2015, data from National Institute of Public Health- National Institute of Hygiene on cases of tuberculosis as AIDS-defining disease, data from Central Statistical Office on deaths from tuberculosis based on death certificates, data from ECDC report „ European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control/WHO Regional Office for Europe...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180211/open-versus-laparoscopic-approach-to-gastric-fundoplication-in-children-with-cardiac-risk-factors
#13
Ilan Igor Maizlin, Michelle C Shroyer, Elizabeth A Beierle, Mike K Chen, Robert T Russell
BACKGROUND: Gastric fundoplication is the most common noncardiac operation in children with congenital cardiac disease. While prior studies validated safety of laparoscopy in this population, we hypothesize that children with cardiac risk factors (CRFs) are likelier to undergo open fundoplication (OF) but experience greater morbidity than after laparoscopic fundoplication (LF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Utilizing 2013 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatrics Public-Use-File, pediatric patients undergoing LF and OF were stratified to none, minor, major, or severe CRFs...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178692/-management-of-vaccination-in-children-receiving-an-allogeneic-marrow-transplant
#14
S Blumental, A Ferster, N Azzi, P Lepage
Over the last decades, significant advances in the diagnosis and therapeutics have considerably improved success rate from bone marrow transplant in patients suffering from otherwise life-threatening diseases, allowing now for prolonged survival and better quality of life after an allograft. However, infectious diseases remain one of the most serious complication in this population, hence associated with a high morbidity and mortality. Prevention, in particular through vaccination, constitutes a cornerstone of the management of immunocompromised hosts, since this procedure aims to protect them once back to life in community after long periods of hospitalization...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159785/improving-the-hospital-quality-of-care-during-winter-periods-by-optimizing-budget-allocation-between-rotavirus-vaccination-and-bed-expansion
#15
Thibaut Dort, Nadia Schecroun, Baudouin Standaert
BACKGROUND: During each winter the hospital quality of care (QoC) in pediatric wards decreases due to a surge in pediatric infectious diseases leading to overcrowded units. Bed occupancy rates often surpass the good hospital bed management threshold of 85%, which can result in poor conditions in the workplace. This study explores how QoC-scores could be improved by investing in additional beds and/or better vaccination programs against vaccine-preventable infectious diseases. METHODS: The Cobb-Douglas model was selected to define the improvement in QoC (%) as a function of two strategies (rotavirus vaccination coverage [%] and addition of extra hospital beds [% of existing beds]), allowing improvement-isocurves to be produced...
November 20, 2017: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149980/incidence-of-infectious-complications-in-children-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-treated-with-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#16
A Zaucha-Prażmo, J R Kowalczyk, K Drabko, K Czyżewski, J Goździk, O Zając-Spychała, J Wachowiak, J Frączkiewicz, E Gorczyńska, K Kałwak, J Styczyński
OBJECTIVE: We analyzed incidence and profile of infections in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in Polish pediatric HSCT departments, over a 2-year period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Hospital records of 67 patients, who underwent allogeneic HSCT for ALL, were analyzed retrospectively for microbiologically documented infection: bacterial infection (BI), viral infection (VI), and fungal infection (FI)...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138738/spatial-distribution-and-trends-of-waterborne-diseases-in-tashkent-province
#17
Veluswami Saravanan Subramanian, Min Jung Cho, Siwei Zoe Tan, Dilorom Fayzieva, Christian Sebaly
Introduction: The cumulative effect of limited investment in public water systems, inadequate public health infrastructure, and gaps in infectious disease prevention increased the incidence of waterborne diseases in Uzbekistan. The objectives of this study were: (1) to spatially analyze the distribution of the diseases in Tashkent Province, (2) to identify the intensity of spatial trends in the province, (3) to identify urban-rural characteristics of the disease distribution, and (4) to identify the differences in disease incidence between pediatric and adult populations of the province...
2017: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135900/ondansetron-prescription-for-home-use-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#18
James M Gray, Jaya D Maewal, Scott A Lunos, Ronald A Furnival, Marissa A Hendrickson
OBJECTIVES: Ondansetron has been shown to decrease admission rates and the need for intravenous fluids among pediatric emergency department (ED) patients with acute gastroenteritis, but there is limited evidence regarding its use after ED discharge. This study describes prescribing patterns for ondansetron and assesses the effects of ondansetron home prescription on rate of return. METHODS: Data were gathered from the electronic health record on 2 separate but overlapping groups of patients seen in a pediatric ED from 2012 to 2014...
November 14, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131924/when-an-orbital-infection-isn-t-infectious-at-all-a-review-of-orbital-inflammatory-syndrome
#19
Sadie A LaPonsie, Peter K Rabiah
Orbital inflammatory syndrome (OIS) includes a wide range of clinical manifestations and may initially be misdiagnosed as orbital cellulitis due similar symptoms of fever, periorbital swelling, and pain with eye movements. A diagnosis of OIS requires evaluation for underlying systemic disorders including autoimmune disorders and thyroid disease. Symptoms typically improve rapidly after initiation of steroid therapy, although recurrence can occur. This article presents an illustrative case of a 13-year-old girl with OIS...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129626/clinical-significance-of-the-serum-biomarker-index-detection-in-children-with-henoch-schonlein-purpura
#20
Narangerel Purevdorj, Yun Mu, Yajun Gu, Fang Zheng, Ran Wang, Jinwei Yu, Xuguo Sun
OBJECTIVE: To explore a panel of serum biomarkers for laboratory diagnosis of pediatric Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP). METHODS: The blood white blood cells (WBC) and serum levels of serum amyloid A (SAA), interleukin 6 (IL-6), immunoglobulin A (IgA), immunoglobulin G (IgG), immunoglobulin M (IgM), immunoglobulin E (IgE), C-reactive protein (CRP), complement component 3 (C3), complement component 4 (C4), and ASO (anti-streptolysin O) were detected in 127 patients with Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP), 110 cases of septicemia patients, and 121 healthy volunteers...
November 9, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
keyword
keyword
117034
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"