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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343835/cancer-screening-and-early-detection-in-the-21-st-century
#1
REVIEW
Jennifer Loud, Jeanne Murphy
OBJECTIVE: To review the trends in and principles of cancer screening and early detection. DATA SOURCES: Journal articles, United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) publications, professional organization position statements, and evidence-based summaries. CONCLUSION: Cancer screening has contributed to decreasing the morbidity and mortality of cancer. Efforts to improve the selection of candidates for cancer screening, to understand the biological basis of carcinogenesis, and the development of new technologies for cancer screening will allow for improvements in cancer screening over time...
March 23, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342682/a-home-program-of-strength-training-movement-strategy-training-and-education-did-not-prevent-falls-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-randomised-trial
#2
Meg E Morris, Nicholas F Taylor, Jennifer Watts, Andrew Evans, Malcolm Horne, Peter Kempster, Mary Danoudis, Jennifer J McGinley, Clarissa Martin, Hylton B Menz
QUESTIONS: For people with idiopathic Parkinson's disease, does a 6-week, comprehensive, home exercise program reduce falls and disability and improve health-related quality of life? Is the program cost-effective? DESIGN: Randomised, controlled trial with concealed allocation and assessor blinding. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and thirty-three community-dwelling adults with Parkinson's disease. INTERVENTION: The experimental group completed a 6-week home program comprising progressive resistance strength training, movement strategy training and falls education...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342450/scientific-feuds-polemics-and-ad-hominem-arguments-in-basic-and-special-interest-genetics
#3
Elof Axel Carlson
Scientific disputes are commonly presented and settled in journal publications. Most are resolved by a weighing of evidence and new findings. In some cases the arguments are personal and in the form of ad hominem attacks on the personality or integrity of an author of a journal article. Many famous scientists (e.g., Galileo, Newton, and Hooke) used ad hominem arguments in responding to their critics. William Bateson, W.F.R. Weldon, William Castle, and H.J. Muller used ad hominem arguments in their publications until the end of World War I, when editorial policy of journals changed...
January 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341954/reversible-alopecia-with-localized-scalp-necrosis-after-accidental-embolization-of-the-parietal-artery-with-hyaluronic-acid
#4
Qing Yang, Lihong Qiu, Chenggang Yi, Ping Xue, Zhou Yu, Xianjie Ma, Yingjun Su, Shuzhong Guo
Hyaluronic acid (HA) filler injection is widely used for soft-tissue augmentation. Complications associated with HA filling are not uncommon; however, HA-induced alopecia is a rarely reported complication that could result in severe secondary psychological trauma. The etiology, clinical traits, treatment strategies, outcomes, and possible reversibility of HA-induced alopecia have not been characterized. Here, we report a case in which bilateral temple injections of 6.5 mL of HA led to persistent pain over the left scalp for several days...
March 24, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338025/preventing-perioperative-bleeding-in-patients-with-inherited-bleeding-disorders
#5
Colin Watterson, Nicholas Beacher
Data sourcesCochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group's Coagulopathies Trials Register, a regularly updated database informed by trials identified within electronic databases including MEDLINE. Further defined searches were undertaken in PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane Library, ClinicalTrials.gov and WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform. Additional hand searching of relevant journals and books of conference proceedings was undertaken.Study selectionRandomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials in people of all ages with haemophilia or VWD undergoing oral or dental procedures using antifibrinolytic agents (tranexamic acid (TXA) or epsilon aminocaproic acid (EACA)) to prevent perioperative bleeding compared to no intervention with or without placebo...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338023/implant-maintenance-treatment-and-peri-implant-health
#6
Mark-Steven Howe
Data sourcesMedline (PubMed), Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register databases and a manual search of the Journal of Dental Research, Journal of Clinical Periodontology, Journal of Periodontology and the International Journal of Periodontics and Restorative Dentistry from January 2014 to February 2015.Study selectionProspective, retrospective, randomised or not, case-controlled or case series trials showing the incidence or recurrence of peri-implant disease plus or minus PIMT over more than six months...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337029/the-impact-of-protein-quantity-during-energy-restriction-on-genome-wide-gene-expression-analysis-in-adipose-tissue-of-obese-humans
#7
I P G Van Bussel, E M P Backx, C P G M De Groot, M Tieland, M Müller, L A Afman
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity is a growing health problem worldwide. The most effective strategy to reduce weight is energy restriction (ER). ER has been shown to be beneficial in disease prevention and it reduces chronic inflammation. Recent studies suggest that reducing the protein quantity of a diet contributes to the beneficial effects by ER. The organ most extensively affected during ER is white adipose tissue (WAT). OBJECTIVE: The first objective was to assess changes in gene expression between a high protein diet and a normal protein diet during ER...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337028/modifiable-risk-factors-of-maternal-postpartum-weight-retention-an-analysis-of-their-combined-impact-and-potential-opportunities-for-prevention
#8
J L Hollis, S R Crozier, H M Inskip, C Cooper, K M Godfrey, N C Harvey, C E Collins, S M Robinson
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Pregnancy triggers a physiological change in weight status. Postpartum weight retention in the childbearing years can substantially alter a woman's weight gain trajectory, with several potential contributing factors identified. Most research has relied on women's recall of pre-pregnancy weight during pregnancy or later, and not considered risk factors in combination. Using measured pre-pregnancy weight, this study aimed to examine the associations of maternal postpartum weight retention with parity, pre-pregnancy BMI, excessive gestational weight gain (GWG), maternal serum vitamin D concentration and dietary Glycaemic Index in early and late pregnancy and breastfeeding duration, including analysis of the combined impact of potentially modifiable risk factors...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337025/prevalence-of-obesity-and-comorbid-eating-disorder-behaviors-in-south-australia-from-1995-to-2015
#9
F Q da Luz, A Sainsbury, H Mannan, S Touyz, D Mitchison, P Hay
BACKGROUND: Obesity and eating disorders are often studied and treated separately. Whilst the increases in obesity prevalence are well known, examination of its co-occurrence with eating disorders, a problem also of public health concern, is important because eating disorder behaviors are known to contribute to obesity onset and maintenance, and vice-versa. METHODS: Data from large cross-sectional representative statewide community samples of people in the years of 1995 (n=3001), 2005 (n=3047) and 2015 (n=3005) were analyzed...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334848/systematic-review-of-surveillance-by-social-media-platforms-for-illicit-drug-use
#10
Donna M Kazemi, Brian Borsari, Maureen J Levine, Beau Dooley
Background: The use of social media (SM) as a surveillance tool of global illicit drug use is limited. To address this limitation, a systematic review of literature focused on the ability of SM to better recognize illicit drug use trends was addressed. Methods: A search was conducted in databases: PubMed, CINAHL via Ebsco, PsychINFO via Ebsco, Medline via Ebsco, ERIC, Cochrane Library, Science Direct, ABI/INFORM Complete and Communication and Mass Media Complete...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334731/characterisation-of-cct271850-a-selective-oral-and-potent-mps1-inhibitor-used-to-directly-measure-in-vivo-mps1-inhibition-vs-therapeutic-efficacy
#11
Amir Faisal, Grace W Y Mak, Mark D Gurden, Cristina P R Xavier, Simon J Anderhub, Paolo Innocenti, Isaac M Westwood, Sébastien Naud, Angela Hayes, Gary Box, Melanie R Valenti, Alexis K De Haven Brandon, Lisa O'Fee, Jessica Schmitt, Hannah L Woodward, Rosemary Burke, Rob L M vanMontfort, Julian Blagg, Florence I Raynaud, Suzanne A Eccles, Swen Hoelder, Spiros Linardopoulos
BACKGROUND: The main role of the cell cycle is to enable error-free DNA replication, chromosome segregation and cytokinesis. One of the best characterised checkpoint pathways is the spindle assembly checkpoint, which prevents anaphase onset until the appropriate attachment and tension across kinetochores is achieved. MPS1 kinase activity is essential for the activation of the spindle assembly checkpoint and has been shown to be deregulated in human tumours with chromosomal instability and aneuploidy...
March 23, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333763/inflammatory-status-and-lung-function-predict-mortality-in-lung-cancer-screening-participants
#12
Ugo Pastorino, Daniele Morelli, Alfonso Marchianò, Stefano Sestini, Paola Suatoni, Francesca Taverna, Mattia Boeri, Gabriella Sozzi, Anna Cantarutti, Giovanni Corrao
Low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening trials have based their risk selection algorithm on age and tobacco exposure, but never on pulmonary risk-related biomarkers. In the present study, the baseline inflammatory status, measured by C-reactive protein (CRP) level, and lung function, measured by forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), were tested as independent predictors of all-cause mortality in LDCT-screening participants. Between 2000 and 2010, 4413 volunteers were enrolled in two LDCT-screening trials, with evaluable baseline CRP and FEV1 values: 2037 were included in the discovery set and 2376 were included in the validation set...
March 23, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333157/consensus-approach-to-nasal-high-flow-therapy-in-neonates
#13
B A Yoder, B Manley, C Collins, K Ives, A Kugelman, A Lavizzari, M McQueen
OBJECTIVE: Nasal high-flow therapy (nHFT) is commonly used for noninvasive respiratory support in the neonatal intensive care unit. Our objective was to determine which aspects of neonatal nHFT have achieved adequate evidence base to support consensus among experienced clinical investigators, and to document areas lacking consensus to promote future investigations. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, modified Delphi collation of tabular queries related to specific aspects of neonatal nHFT...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328970/correction-metformin-exhibits-preventive-and-therapeutic-efficacy-against-experimental-cystic-echinococcosis
#14
Julia A Loos, Valeria A Dávila, Christian Rodriguez Rodrigues, Romina Petrigh, Jorge A Zoppi, Fernando A Crocenzi, Andrea C Cumino
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0005370.].
March 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328645/relationship-of-wound-ostomy-and-continence-certified-nurses-and-healthcare-acquired-conditions-in-acute-care-hospitals
#15
Diane K Boyle, Sandra Bergquist-Beringer, Emily Cramer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the (a) number and types of employed WOC certified nurses in acute care hospitals, (b) rates of hospital-acquired pressure injury (HAPI) and catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI), and (c) effectiveness of WOC certified nurses with respect to lowering HAPI and CAUTI occurrences. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of data from National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators. SUBJECTS AND SETTINGS: The sample comprised 928 National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators (NDNQI) hospitals that participated in the 2012 NDNQI RN Survey (source of specialty certification data) and collected HAPI, CAUTI, and nurse staffing data during the years 2012 to 2013...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326831/we-are-standing-on-the-shoulders-of-giants-the-european-journal-of-preventive-cardiology-in-the-years-to-come-a-salutation-from-the-incoming-editor-in-chief
#16
Massimo F Piepoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326285/impact-of-telemonitoring-approaches-on-integrated-hiv-and-tb-diagnosis-and-treatment-interventions-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-scoping-review
#17
REVIEW
Clarence S Yah, Ernest Tambo, Christopher Khayeka-Wandabwa, Jeanne Y Ngogang
Background: This paper explores telemonitoring/mhealth approaches as a promising real time and contextual strategy in overhauling HIV and TB interventions quality access and uptake, retention,adherence and coverage impact in endemic and prone-epidemic prevention and control in sub-Sahara Africa. Methods: The scoping review method was applied in acknowledged journals indexing platforms including Medline, Embase, Global Health, PubMed, MeSH PsycInfo, Scopus and Google Scholar to identify relevant articles pertaining to telemonitoring as a proxy surrogate method in reinforcing sustainability of HIV/TB prevention/treatment interventions in sub-Saharan Africa...
2017: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321132/the-outcomes-of-health-promoting-communities-being-active-eating-well-initiative-a-community-based-obesity-prevention-intervention-in-victoria-australia
#18
K A Bolton, P Kremer, L Gibbs, E Waters, B Swinburn, A de Silva
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of the Health Promoting Communities: Being Active Eating Well (HPC:BAEW, 2007-2010) initiative which comprised of community-based multi-component interventions adapted to community context in five separate communities. The intervention aimed to promote healthy eating, physical activity and stronger, healthier communities. METHODS: A mixed method and multi-level quasi-experimental evaluation of the HPC:BAEW initiative captured process, impact and outcome data...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320533/retraction-notice-to-curcumin-restores-nrf2-levels-and-prevents-quinolinic-acid-induced-neurotoxicity-jnb-24-2013-14-24
#19
Iván Carmona-Ramírez, Abel Santamaría, Julio C Tobón-Velasco, Marisol Orozco-Ibarra, Irma G González-Herrera, José Pedraza-Chaverrí, Perla D Maldonado
This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal (http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy). This article has been retracted at the request of the Editor-in-Chief as it contains inappropriately manipulated images in Figure 7B. As such this article represents a severe abuse of the scientific publishing system. The scientific community takes a very strong view on this matter, and apologies are offered to the readers of the journal that this problem was not detected during the submission process...
April 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320410/bibliometric-analysis-of-medicine-related-publications-on-refugees-asylum-seekers-and-internally-displaced-people-2000-2015
#20
Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: Wars and violent domestic conflicts have forced millions of people to move outside their homes. Meeting the basic health needs of those people requires an understanding of research activity and research output on this topic. The objective of this study was to shed light on the quantity and impact of medicine - related publications on refugees, asylum seekers and internally displaced people (IDP). METHOD: Scopus database was used to retrieve required data...
March 20, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
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