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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549513/assessment-of-the-accuracy-and-consistency-in-the-application-of-standardized-surveillance-definitions-a-summary-of-the-american-journal-of-infection-control-and-national-healthcare-safety-network-case-studies-2010-2016
#1
Marc-Oliver Wright, Katherine Allen-Bridson, Joan N Hebden
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) surveillance definitions are the most widely used criteria for health care-associated infection (HAI) surveillance. NHSN participants agree to conduct surveillance in accordance with the NHSN protocol and criteria. To assess the application of these standardized surveillance specifications and offer infection preventionists (IPs) opportunities for ongoing education, a series of case studies, with questions related to NHSN definitions and criteria were published...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546138/mental-health-mobile-apps-for-preadolescents-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Rebecca Grist, Joanna Porter, Paul Stallard
BACKGROUND: There are an increasing number of mobile apps available for adolescents with mental health problems and an increasing interest in assimilating mobile health (mHealth) into mental health services. Despite the growing number of apps available, the evidence base for their efficacy is unclear. OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to systematically appraise the available research evidence on the efficacy and acceptability of mobile apps for mental health in children and adolescents younger than 18 years...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537153/interventions-for-treating-oral-leukoplakia-to-prevent-oral-cancer
#3
Rebecca Greenslade
The mission of the Cochrane Nursing Care Field (CNCF) is to improve health outcomes through increasing the use of the Cochrane Library and supporting Cochrane's role by providing an evidence base for nurses and healthcare professionals who deliver, lead or research nursing care. The CNCF produces Cochrane Corner columns, summaries of recent nursing-care-relevant Cochrane Reviews that are regularly published in collaborating nursing-related journals. Information on the processes CNCF has developed can be accessed at: cncf...
May 24, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536744/special-issue-of-the-journal-of-primary-prevention-research-related-to-marijuana-use-and-possession-policies
#4
EDITORIAL
Karen B Friend, Bettina Friese, Bridget Freisthler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534527/role-of-the-ugt2b17-deletion-in-exemestane-pharmacogenetics
#5
S Luo, G Chen, C Truica, C C Baird, K Leitzel, P Lazarus
Exemestane (EXE) is an aromatase inhibitor used for the prevention and treatment of breast cancer. The major metabolic pathway for EXE is reduction to form the active 17β-dihydro-EXE (17β-DHE) and subsequent glucuronidation to 17β-hydroxy-EXE-17-O-β-D-glucuronide (17β-DHE-Gluc) by UGT2B17. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of UGT2B17 copy number variation on the levels of urinary and plasma 17β-DHE-Gluc and 17β-DHE in patients taking EXE. Ninety-six post-menopausal Caucasian breast cancer patients with ER+ breast tumors taking 25 mg EXE daily were recruited into this study...
May 23, 2017: Pharmacogenomics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531550/barriers-and-facilitators-in-providing-oral-care-to-nursing-home-residents-from-the-perspective-of-care-aides-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Matthias Hoben, Alix Clarke, Kha Tu Huynh, Nadia Kobagi, Angelle Kent, Huimin Hu, Raissa A C Pereira, Tianyuan Xiong, Kexin Yu, Hongjin Xiang, Minn N Yoon
BACKGROUND: Oral health of nursing home residents is generally poor, with severe consequences for residents' general health and quality of life and for the health care system. Care aides in nursing homes provide up to 80% of direct care (including oral care) to residents, but providing oral care is often challenging. Interventions to improve oral care must tailor to identified barriers and facilitators to be effective. This review identifies and synthesizes the evidence on barriers and facilitators care aides perceive in providing oral care to nursing home residents...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530119/update-in-sleep-disordered-breathing-2016
#7
Najib T Ayas, Luciano F Drager, Mary J Morrell, Vsevolod Y Polotsky
The field of sleep disordered breathing has continued to evolve with many important articles published in the last year. In this review, we have summarized some of the key articles relevant to sleep disordered breathing that have been published in the Journal and selected articles published elsewhere in the last year; these have included landmark randomized trials concerning sleep apnea treatment in the prevention of adverse cardiac outcomes, basic science and animal studies, genetic studies, and analyses of epidemiologic cohorts...
May 21, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529330/dietary-medium-chain-saturated-fatty-acids-induce-gene-expression-of-energy-metabolism-related-pathways-in-adipose-tissue-of-abdominally-obese-subjects
#8
J C Matualatupauw, M Bohl, S Gregersen, K Hermansen, L A Afman
BACKGROUND: Dietary medium-chain saturated fatty acids (MC-SFAs) have been shown to reduce total body fat. Previously, we showed that MC-SFAs prevent body fat accumulation, despite weight gain. Here, we aim to explore potential molecular mechanisms underlying the protective effect of MC-SFAs on body fat gain. METHODS: The DairyHealth study examined the long-term effects of milk protein and milk fat with a low or high content of MC-SFA. In this 12 week, randomized, double-blind, diet intervention study, participants consumed 60 g milk protein (whey or casein) and 63 g milk fat (high MC-SFA or low MC-SFA) daily in a 2 by 2 factorial design...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529329/body-mass-index-growth-trajectories-associated-with-the-different-parameters-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-at-adulthood
#9
K V Giudici, M-F Rolland-Cachera, G Gusto, D Goxe, O Lantieri, S Hercberg, S Péneau
BACKGROUND: Growth trajectories have shown to be related to obesity and metabolic risks in later life, however body mass index (BMI) trajectories according to the presence or absence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and its parameters in adulthood are scarce in literature. OBJECTIVES: To investigate BMI trajectories during childhood in relation to MS and its parameters in adult age. METHODS: A total of 1919 subjects (43.4% male, 20-60y) participated in this retrospective cohort study...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529328/perivascular-adipose-tissue-epiphenomenon-or-local-risk-factor
#10
REVIEW
K Schäfer, I Drosos, S Konstantinides
Obesity is associated with an increased cardiovascular risk, but the mechanisms underlying the link between increased body weight and vascular disease are incompletely understood. Over the past 15 years, perivascular adipose tissue has emerged as active component of the vessel wall involved in vascular homeostasis. However, perivascular adipose tissue can adopt detrimental properties under the influence of obesity and other factors and contribute actively to the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease. Conversely, changes of the vessel wall may negatively affect perivascular adipose tissue qualities...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524030/-preventive-effect-of-vitamin-b-supplementation-on-recurrent-stroke-a-meta-analysis
#11
Guining Dai, Hongzhen Du, Hongmin Wang, Yujia Wei, Ying Xie, Zengning Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether Vitamin B supplementation could prevent ischemic stroke recurrence. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) observing Vitamin B supplementation in patients with stroke was performed in databases including ScienceDirect, PubMed/Medline, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Data-Base, Wanfang Database, and VIP Chinese Science and Technology Journal Database to find related studies in English or Chinese published before August 2016...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523698/survey-among-critical-care-nurses-and-physicians-about-delirium-management
#12
Peter Nydahl, Michael Dewes, Rolf Dubb, Carsten Hermes, Arnold Kaltwasser, Susanne Krotsetis, Rebecca von Haken
BACKGROUND: Delirium is a serious complication in patients in intensive care units. Previous surveys on delirium management in daily practice showed low adherence to published guidelines. AIM: To evaluate delirium management in nurses and physicians working in intensive care units in German-speaking countries and to identify related differences between nurses and physicians. DESIGN: The study used an open online survey with multiple-choice responses...
May 18, 2017: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523335/do-medical-students-really-understand-plagiarism-case-study
#13
Oana Badea
In the last decade, more and more medicine students are involved in research, either in the form of a research project within specialized courses or as a scientific article to be presented at student international conferences or published in prestigious medical journals. The present study included 250 2nd year medical students, currently studying within the University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania. There were collected 239 responses, with a response rate of 95.6%. In our study, the results showed that foreign students within the University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova did have some issues understanding plagiarism with fewer foreign students (34%) than Romanian students (66%) recognizing that simply changing words does not avoid plagiarism...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518131/incidence-of-respiratory-viral-infection-in-infants-with-respiratory-symptoms-evaluated-for-late-onset-sepsis
#14
J B Cerone, R P Santos, D Tristram, D M Lamson, K A Stellrecht, K St George, M J Horgan, A Rios
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency, etiology and impact of respiratory viral infection (RVI) on infants evaluated for late-onset sepsis (LOS), defined as sepsis occurring >72 h of life, in the neonatal intensive care unit. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study conducted from 6 March 2014 to 3 May 2016 on infants evaluated for LOS. PCR viral panel performed on nasopharyngeal specimens among infants with clinical suspicion for RVI. Sequence analysis was performed to determine viral subtypes...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515982/current-concepts-on-the-genetic-factors-in-rotator-cuff-pathology-and-future-implications-for-sports-physical-therapists
#15
Travis Orth, Jessica Paré, John E Froehlich
CONTEXT: Recent advances within the field of genetics are currently changing many of the methodologies in which medicine is practiced. These advances are also beginning to influence the manner in which physical therapy services are rendered. Rotator cuff pathology is one of the most common diagnoses treated by the sports physical therapist. The purpose of this commentary is to educate sports physical therapists on the recent advances regarding how genetics influences rotator cuff pathology, including rotator cuff tears, and provide a perspective on how this information will likely influence post-operative shoulder rehabilitation in the near future...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515192/study-protocol-for-a-transversal-study-to-develop-a-screening-model-for-excessive-gambling-behaviours-on-a-representative-sample-of-users-of-french-authorised-gambling-websites
#16
Bastien Perrot, Jean-Benoit Hardouin, Jean-Michel Costes, Julie Caillon, Marie Grall-Bronnec, Gaëlle Challet-Bouju
INTRODUCTION: Since the legalisation of online gambling in France in 2010, gambling operators must implement responsible gambling measures to prevent excessive gambling practices. However, actually there is no screening procedure for identifying problematic gamblers. Although several studies have already been performed using several data sets from online gambling operators, the authors deplored several methodological and clinical limits that prevent scientifically validating the existence of problematic gambling behaviour...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515014/hiv-and-the-criminalisation-of-drug-use-among-people-who-inject-drugs-a-systematic-review
#17
Kora DeBeck, Tessa Cheng, Julio S Montaner, Chris Beyrer, Richard Elliott, Susan Sherman, Evan Wood, Stefan Baral
BACKGROUND: Mounting evidence suggests that laws and policies prohibiting illegal drug use could have a central role in shaping health outcomes among people who inject drugs (PWID). To date, no systematic review has characterised the influence of laws and legal frameworks prohibiting drug use on HIV prevention and treatment. METHODS: Consistent with PRISMA guidelines, we did a systematic review of peer-reviewed scientific evidence describing the association between criminalisation of drug use and HIV prevention and treatment-related outcomes among PWID...
May 12, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514230/causes-of-death-of-residents-in-acgme-accredited-programs-2000-through-2014-implications-for-the-learning-environment
#18
Nicholas A Yaghmour, Timothy P Brigham, Thomas Richter, Rebecca S Miller, Ingrid Philibert, DeWitt C Baldwin, Thomas J Nasca
PURPOSE: To systematically study the number of U.S. resident deaths from all causes, including suicide. METHOD: The more than 9,900 programs accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) annually report the status of residents. The authors aggregated ACGME data on 381,614 residents in training during years 2000 through 2014. Names of residents reported as deceased were submitted to the National Death Index to learn causes of death...
May 9, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513624/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-malaysia-current-trends-and-risk-factors
#19
REVIEW
E-S Tee, R W K Yap
This review discussed the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) in Malaysia and the associated major risk factors, namely overweight/obesity, dietary practices and physical activity in both adults and school children. Detailed analyses of such information will provide crucial information for the formulation and implementation of programmes for the control and prevention of T2DM in the country. National studies from 1996-2015, and other recent nation-wide studies were referred to. The current prevalence of DM in 2015 is 17...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510988/barriers-to-obstetric-fistula-treatment-in-low-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Rachel Bach, Charlotte Warren, Zoe Baker, Ben Bellows
OBJECTIVES: To identify the barriers that women living with fistula in low-income countries face, preventing them from seeking care, reaching medical centers, and receiving appropriate care. METHODS: Bibliographic databases, grey literature, journals, and network and organization websites were searched in English and French from June to July 2014 using key search terms and specific inclusion and exclusion criteria for discussion of barriers to fistula treatment...
May 16, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
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