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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641061/positive-parenting-as-responsible-care-risks-protective-factors-and-intervention-evaluation
#1
Silvia Donato, Anna Bertoni
In this themed issue of the Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community, the first four contributions provide knowledge on factors that can support or hinder positive parenting throughout children's lives. In particular, the first article examined the spillover of work stressors on parenting behaviors and the role of spousal support as a moderator of stress spillover. The second contribution examines the association between parents' promotion of volitional functioning and adopted children's sense of strength of family bonds and belonging to the adoptive family...
July 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634363/long-term-health-outcomes-in-patients-with-prader-willi-syndrome-a-nationwide-cohort-study-in-denmark
#2
E Hedgeman, S P Ulrichsen, S Carter, N C Kreher, K P Malobisky, M M Braun, J Fryzek, M S Olsen
BACKGROUND: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare congenital disease that affects growth, sexual development, cognitive function and behavior. Individuals exhibit food preoccupation and hyperphagia, which may lead to obesity with premature morbidity and mortality. The aim of this work was to evaluate the risk of venous thromboembolisms (VTE), myocardial infarction, pulmonary hypertension, sleep apnea, depression, anxiety and all-cause mortality among persons with PWS as compared to an age- and sex-matched general population cohort...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628360/genetic-risk-factors-for-folate-responsive-neural-tube-defects
#3
Anne M Molloy, Faith Pangilinan, Lawrence C Brody
Neural tube defects (NTDs) are the most severe congenital malformations of the central nervous system. The etiology is complex, with both genetic and environmental factors having important contributions. Researchers have known for the past two decades that maternal periconceptional use of the B vitamin folic acid can prevent many NTDs. Though this finding is arguably one of the most important recent discoveries in birth defect research, the mechanism by which folic acid exerts this benefit remains unknown. Research to date has focused on the hypothesis that an underlying genetic susceptibility interacts with folate-sensitive metabolic processes at the time of neural tube closure...
June 19, 2017: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628260/society-for-academic-emergency-medicine-statement-on-plagiarism
#4
Shellie L Asher, Kenneth V Iserson, Lisa H Merck
The integrity of the research enterprise is of the utmost importance for the advancement of safe and effective medical practice for patients and for maintaining the public trust in health care. Academic societies and editors of journals are key participants in guarding scientific integrity. Avoiding and preventing plagiarism helps to preserve the scientific integrity of professional presentations and publications. The Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM) Ethics Committee discusses current issues in scientific publishing integrity and provides a guideline to avoid plagiarism in SAEM presentations and publications...
June 19, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626791/hiv-risk-reduction-prevention-interventions-targeting-african-american-adolescent-women
#5
C Emily Hendrick, Caitlin Canfield
African American young women are overwhelmingly disproportionately burdened by HIV/AIDS in the United States today. The purpose of the current systematic review was to identify the characteristics of efficacious HIV risk-reduction prevention interventions targeting African American adolescent women in order to inform future intervention development and expansion. We searched PubMed, PsychInfo, and ProQuest databases for journal articles and dissertations published between 2000 and 2015 reporting the impacts of HIV risk-reduction prevention interventions in the U...
June 2017: Adolesc Res Rev
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622749/general-exercise-does-not-improve-long-term-pain-and-disability-in-individuals-with-whiplash-associated-disorders-a-systematic-review
#6
Alexandra Griffin, Andrew Leaver, Niamh Moloney
Study Design Systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Background General exercise, defined as purposeful physical activity involving repetitive exercises, and incorporating multiple muscle groups, is frequently used in the management of whiplash associated disorders (WAD). Evidence supporting its efficacy is not well established. Objectives To determine whether general exercise is effective in reducing pain and disability in people with WAD. Methods Studies published in English in peer-reviewed journals between January 1990 and May 2015 were eligible if they evaluated a general exercise intervention compared with a different intervention or control...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621259/clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-multifaceted-podiatry-intervention-for-falls-prevention-in-older-people-a-multicentre-cohort-randomised-controlled-trial-the-reducing-falls-with-orthoses-and-a-multifaceted-podiatry-intervention-trial
#7
Sarah Cockayne, Sara Rodgers, Lorraine Green, Caroline Fairhurst, Joy Adamson, Arabella Scantlebury, Belen Corbacho, Catherine E Hewitt, Kate Hicks, Robin Hull, Anne-Maree Keenan, Sarah E Lamb, Caroline McIntosh, Hylton B Menz, Anthony Redmond, Zoe Richardson, Wesley Vernon, Judith Watson, David J Torgerson
BACKGROUND: Falls are a serious cause of morbidity and cost to individuals and society. Evidence suggests that foot problems and inappropriate footwear may increase the risk of falling. Podiatric interventions could help reduce falls; however, there is limited evidence regarding their clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness. OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a multifaceted podiatry intervention for preventing falls in community-dwelling older people at risk of falling, relative to usual care...
April 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619783/community-gardening-community-farming-and-other-local-community-based-gardening-interventions-to-prevent-overweight-and-obesity-in-high-income-and-middle-income-countries-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#8
Thomas L Heise, Matthias Romppel, Sandra Molnar, Barbara Buchberger, Agnes van den Berg, Gerald Gartlehner, Stefan K Lhachimi
INTRODUCTION: The worldwide prevalence of overweight/obesity has continued to rise over the last decades. To reverse this trend, public health authorities are exploring cost-effective interventions, especially in high-income and middle-income countries. Community gardening offers a unique opportunity for individuals to enhance physical activity levels and improve their diet. However, synthesised evidence on the short-term or long-term effectiveness and on the costs of community gardening interventions to prevent overweight/obesity remains limited...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619771/revealed-versus-concealed-criteria-for-placental-insufficiency-in-an-unselected-obstetric-population-in-late-pregnancy-ratio37-randomised-controlled-trial-study-protocol
#9
Francesc Figueras, Eduard Gratacos, Marta Rial, Ilan Gull, Ladislav Krofta, Marek Lubusky, Cruz-Martinez Rogelio, Cruz-Lemini Mónica, Martinez-Rodriguez Miguel, Pamela Socias, Cristina Aleuanlli, Mauro C Parra Cordero
INTRODUCTION: Fetal growth restriction (FGR) affects 5%-10% of all pregnancies, contributing to 30%-50% of stillbirths. Unfortunately, growth restriction often is not detected antenatally. The last weeks of pregnancy are critical for preventing stillbirth among babies with FGR because there is a pronounced increase in stillbirths among growth-restricted fetuses after 37 weeks of pregnancy. Here we present a protocol (V.1, 23 May 2016) for the RATIO37 trial, which evaluates an integrated strategy for accurately selecting at-risk fetuses for delivery at term...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616832/-if-it-helps-it-s-worth-a-try-an-investigation-of-perceptions-and-attitudes-about-genetic-counseling-among-southern-manitoba-hutterites
#10
Amber P Gemmell, Patricia McCarthy Veach, Ian MacFarlane, Rachel Riesgraf, Bonnie S LeRoy
Few studies have explored the public's views of genetic counseling services, and even fewer focus on founder populations with high prevalence of genetic disease, such as Hutterites. The Hutterites are an Anabaptist religious group grounded in a strong Christian faith. The primary aim of this study was to assess Hutterites' views of genetic counseling services. A secondary aim was to compare their views to those obtained in a study of rural Midwestern U.S. residents (Riesgraf et al., Journal of Genetic Counseling, 24(4), 565-579, 2015)...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615422/prognostic-factors-for-chronic-headache-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Katrin Probyn, Hannah Bowers, Fiona Caldwell, Dipesh Mistry, Martin Underwood, Manjit Matharu, Tamar Pincus
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of prognosis and trial outcomes in prospective studies of people with chronic headache. METHODS: This was a systematic review of published literature in peer-reviewed journals. We included (1) randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of interventions for chronic headache that reported subgroup analyses and (2) prospective cohort studies, published in English, since 1980. Participants included adults with chronic headache (including chronic headache, chronic migraine, and chronic tension-type headache with or without medication overuse headache)...
June 14, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615279/medicines-optimisation-assessment-tool-moat-a-prognostic-model-to-target-hospital-pharmacists-input-to-improve-patient-outcomes-protocol-for-an-observational-study
#12
Cathy Geeson, Li Wei, Bryony Dean Franklin
INTRODUCTION: Medicines optimisation is a key role for hospital pharmacists, but with ever-increasing demands on services there is a need to increase efficiency while maintaining patient safety. The aim of this study is to develop a prognostic model, the Medicines Optimisation Assessment Tool (MOAT), which can be used to target patients most in need of pharmacists' input while in hospital. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The MOAT will be developed following recommendations of the Prognosis Research Strategy partnership...
June 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614509/-hospital-management-in-brazil-a-review-of-the-literature-with-a-view-toenhance-administrative-practices-in-hospitals
#13
Diego Carlos Farias, Fernando Oliveira de Araujo
Hospitals are complex organizations which, in addition to the technical assistance expected in the context of treatment and prevention of health hazards, also require good management practices aimed at improving their efficiency in their core business. However, in administrative terms, recurrent conflicts arise involving technical and managerial areas. Thus, this article sets out to conducta review of the scientific literature pertaining to the themes of hospital management and projects that have been applied in the hospital context...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613154/seal-or-varnish-a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-determine-the-relative-cost-and-effectiveness-of-pit-and-fissure-sealant-and-fluoride-varnish-in-preventing-dental-decay
#14
Ivor Gordon Chestnutt, Simon Hutchings, Rebecca Playle, Sarah Morgan-Trimmer, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Nadine Aawar, Lianna Angel, Sharron Derrick, Cheney Drew, Ceri Hoddell, Kerenza Hood, Ioan Humphreys, Nigel Kirby, Tin Man Mandy Lau, Catherine Lisles, Maria Zeta Morgan, Simon Murphy, Jacqueline Nuttall, Kateryna Onishchenko, Ceri Phillips, Timothy Pickles, Charlotte Scoble, Julia Townson, Beverley Withers, Barbara Lesley Chadwick
BACKGROUND: Fissure sealant (FS) and fluoride varnish (FV) have been shown to be effective in preventing dental caries when tested against a no-treatment control. However, the relative clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of these interventions is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of FS and FV in preventing dental caries in first permanent molars (FPMs) in 6- and 7-year-olds and to determine their acceptability...
April 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610616/underutilisation-of-routinely-collected-data-in-the-hiv-programme-in-zambia-a-review-of-quantitatively-analysed-peer-reviewed-articles
#15
REVIEW
Tendai Munthali, Patrick Musonda, Paul Mee, Sehlulekile Gumede, Ab Schaap, Alwyn Mwinga, Caroline Phiri, Nathan Kapata, Charles Michelo, Jim Todd
BACKGROUND: The extent to which routinely collected HIV data from Zambia has been used in peer-reviewed published articles remains unexplored. This paper is an analysis of peer-reviewed articles that utilised routinely collected HIV data from Zambia within six programme areas from 2004 to 2014. METHODS: Articles on HIV, published in English, listed in the Directory of open access journals, African Journals Online, Google scholar, and PubMed were reviewed. Only articles from peer-reviewed journals, that utilised routinely collected data and included quantitative data analysis methods were included...
June 13, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609476/effective-strategies-to-motivate-nursing-home-residents-in-oral-care-and-to-prevent-or-reduce-responsive-behaviors-to-oral-care-a-systematic-review
#16
Matthias Hoben, Angelle Kent, Nadia Kobagi, Kha Tu Huynh, Alix Clarke, Minn N Yoon
BACKGROUND: Poor oral health has been a persistent problem in nursing home residents for decades, with severe consequences for residents and the health care system. Two major barriers to providing appropriate oral care are residents' responsive behaviors to oral care and residents' lack of ability or motivation to perform oral care on their own. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of strategies that nursing home care providers can apply to either prevent/overcome residents' responsive behaviors to oral care, or enable/motivate residents to perform their own oral care...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604119/vorapaxar-in-secondary-prevention-where-we-stand
#17
Anastazia Kei, Moses Elisaf
This editorial accompanies an original article being published by the Current Medical Research and Opinion (CMRO) journal, entitled "State transition model: vorapaxar added to standard antiplatelet therapy to prevent thrombosis post myocardial infarction or peripheral artery disease". In this editorial we consider some aspects of the use of vorapaxar in secondary prevention in patients with a history of myocardial infarction (MI) or peripheral arterial disease (PAD).
June 10, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599052/tccc-updates-two-decades-of-saving-lives-on-the-battlefield-tactical-combat-casualty-care-turns-20
#18
Frank K Butler
BACKGROUND: Twenty years ago, the original Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) article was published in this journal. Since TCCC is essentially a set of bestpractice prehospital trauma care guidelines customized for use on the battlefield, the presence of a journal with a specific focus on military medicine was a profound benefit to the initial presentation of TCCC to the US Military. METHODS: In the two ensuing decades, which included the longest continuous period of armed conflict in our nation's history, TCCC steadily evolved as the prehospital trauma care evidence base was augmented and as feedback from user medics, corpsmen, and pararescuemen was obtained...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599014/effect-of-the-alexander-technique-on-muscle-activation-movement-kinematics-and-performance-quality-in-collegiate-violinists-and-violists-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#19
Rachelle C Wolf, Harvey P Thurmer, William P Berg, Henry E Cook, L James Smart
Musicians are trained to attend to aural and visual senses, to the detriment of kinesthetic awareness, which often results in unnecessary muscle tension and narrowed attentional focus. The Alexander technique (AT) addresses these concerns by approaching action using a process of whole-body consciousness. Incorporation of AT concepts into skill practice may reduce static tension in playing and result in both prevention of injury and improved quality of performance, but objective evidence of these effects is lacking...
June 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595379/does-the-prophylactic-and-therapeutic-use-of-beta-blockers-in-preoperative-patients-with-tetralogy-of-fallot-significantly-prevent-and-treat-the-occurrence-of-cyanotic-spells
#20
Eliana Fanous, Gábor Mogyorósy
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was 'Does the use of beta-blockers significantly prevent and treat the occurrence of cyanotic spells in preoperative infants with tetralogy of Fallot?' Altogether, 80 papers were found using the reported search, of which 6 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, journal, date, country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated...
June 7, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
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