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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332252/a-review-of-the-impact-of-pregnancy-and-childbirth-on-pelvic-floor-function-as-assessed-by-objective-measurement-techniques
#1
REVIEW
Hans Van Geelen, Donald Ostergard, Peter Sand
The objective of this narrative review is to study the impact of pregnancy and childbirth on pelvic floor function as assessed by objective measurement techniques with quantitative data carried out during pregnancy and after childbirth. A literature search in MEDLINE and relevant and up-to-date journals from 1960 until April 2017 was performed for articles dealing with the impact of pregnancy and childbirth on pelvic floor function as assessed by objective measurement methods. Only studies describing objective measurement techniques...
January 13, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329715/ten-questions-you-should-consider-before-submitting-an-article-to-a-scientific-journal
#2
A Falcó-Pegueroles, D Rodríguez-Martín
Investigating involves not only knowing the research methods and designs; it involves knowing the strategies for disseminating and publishing the results in scientific journals. An investigation is considered complete when it is published and is disclosed to the scientific community. The publication of a manuscript is not simple, since it involves examination by a rigorous editorial process evaluator to ensure the scientific quality of the proposal. The objective of this article is to communicate to potential authors the main errors or deficiencies that typically and routinely explain the decision by the referees of scientific journals not to accept a scientific article...
January 9, 2018: Enfermería Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329444/prevention-of-ivr-a-need-for-investigation
#3
Idir Ouzaid, Evanguelos Xylinas
Intravesical recurrence (IVR) after RNU for UTUC is a frequent event, occurring in 20-50% of patients, mostly in the first postoperative year. Several retrospective studies have shown that predictors of IVR include clinical characteristics, surgical features and as well pathological characteristics (previous history of bladder cancer, pathological stage, lymph node involvement, cis, endoscopic distal ureter, etc.) management. Two prospective studies provide level I evidence for the safety and efficacy of intravesical single postoperative chemotherapy for patients treated with radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) for UTUC in order to prevent IVR...
January 10, 2018: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328874/neighborhood-interventions-to-reduce-violence
#4
Michelle C Kondo, Elena Andreyeva, Eugenia C South, John M MacDonald, Charles C Branas
Violence is a widespread problem that affects the physical, mental, and social health of individuals and communities. Violence comes with an immense economic cost to its victims and society at large. Although violence interventions have traditionally targeted individuals, changes to the built environment in places where violence occurs show promise as practical, sustainable, and high-impact preventive measures. This review examines studies that use quasi-experimental or experimental designs to compare violence outcomes for treatment and control groups before and after a change is implemented in the built environment...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328808/effective-prevention-of-oxidative-deterioration-of-fish-oil-focus-on-flavor-deterioration
#5
Kazuo Miyashita, Mariko Uemura, Masashi Hosokawa
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), both abundant in fish oil, are known to have significant biochemical and physiological effects primarily linked to the improvement of human health, especially cardiovascular and brain health. However, the incorporation of fish oil into foods and beverages is often challenging, as fish oil is very easily oxidized and can cause undesirable flavors. This review discusses this rapid formation of the fishy and metallic off-flavors, focusing especially on an early stage of fish oil oxidation...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326182/variations-in-childbirth-interventions-in-high-income-countries-protocol-for-a-multinational-cross-sectional-study
#6
Anna Seijmonsbergen-Schermers, Ank de Jonge, Thomas van den Akker, Katrien Beeckman, Annick Bogaerts, Monalisa Barros, Patricia Janssen, Lorena Binfa, Eva Rydahl, Lucy Frith, Mechthild Gross, Berglind Hálfdánsdóttir, Deirdre Daly, Jean Calleja-Agius, Patricia Gillen, Anne Britt Vika Nilsen, Eugene Declercq
INTRODUCTION: There are growing concerns about the increase in rates of commonly used childbirth interventions. When indicated, childbirth interventions are crucial for preventing maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality, but their routine use in healthy women and children leads to avoidable maternal and neonatal harm. Establishing ideal rates of interventions can be challenging. This study aims to describe the range of variations in the use of commonly used childbirth interventions in high-income countries around the world, and in outcomes in nulliparous and multiparous women...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320647/long-term-effects-of-inhaled-budesonide-for-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#7
Dirk Bassler, Eric S Shinwell, Mikko Hallman, Pierre-Henri Jarreau, Richard Plavka, Virgilio Carnielli, Christoph Meisner, Corinna Engel, Alexander Koch, Karen Kreutzer, Johannes N van den Anker, Matthias Schwab, Henry L Halliday, Christian F Poets
BACKGROUND: The long-term effects on neurodevelopment of the use of inhaled glucocorticoids in extremely preterm infants for the prevention or treatment of bronchopulmonary dysplasia are uncertain. METHODS: We randomly assigned 863 infants (gestational age, 23 weeks 0 days to 27 weeks 6 days) to receive early (within 24 hours after birth) inhaled budesonide or placebo. The prespecified secondary long-term outcome was neurodevelopmental disability among survivors, defined as a composite of cerebral palsy, cognitive delay (a Mental Development Index score of <85 [1 SD below the mean of 100] on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, Second Edition, with higher scores on the scale indicating better performance), deafness, or blindness at a corrected age of 18 to 22 months...
January 11, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317907/how-to-sign-up-for-table-of-content-alerts-on-sage-journals-for-the-journal-of-infection-prevention
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317459/incidence-of-neonatal-necrotising-enterocolitis-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Cheryl Battersby, Tharsika Santhalingam, Kate Costeloe, Neena Modi
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of neonatal necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) rates in high-income countries published in peer-reviewed journals. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase and PubMed databases for observational studies published in peer-reviewed journals. We selected studies reporting national, regional or multicentre rates of NEC in 34 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries. Two investigators independently screened studies against predetermined criteria...
January 9, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315160/preventive-effects-of-vitamin-d-on-seasonal-influenza-a-in-infants-a-multicenter-randomized-open-controlled-clinical-trial
#10
Jian Zhou, Juan Du, Leting Huang, Youcheng Wang, Yimei Shi, Hailong Lin
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of vitamin D for preventing influenza A in 400 infants in a multicenter, randomized, open, controlled clinical trial. METHODS: The infants were randomized into low-dose and high-dose vitamin D groups, and serum calcium, inorganic phosphorus and 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels were detected thrice in 4 months. Infants infected with influenza A were monitored for symptoms including fever, cough, and wheezing...
January 8, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311532/the-formation-of-the-military-medical-system-of-the-korean-people-s-army-and-the-military-medical-officer
#11
Seonho Kim
The military medical system of the Korean People's Army (KPA) first appeared in August 1946 when a central military hospita was established at the headquarters. Inside the KPA, the military medical and veteran services were first established in February 1948. The military medical officers of the KPA were those who were initially engaged in North Korea's health care sector. Most of the early military medical officers were those who had been trained in the Japanese medical system before liberation and were surgeons...
December 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305039/life-cycle-costing-of-food-waste-a-review-of-methodological-approaches
#12
REVIEW
Fabio De Menna, Jana Dietershagen, Marion Loubiere, Matteo Vittuari
Food waste (FW) is a global problem that is receiving increasing attention due to its environmental and economic impacts. Appropriate FW prevention, valorization, and management routes could mitigate or avoid these effects. Life cycle thinking and approaches, such as life cycle costing (LCC), may represent suitable tools to assess the sustainability of these routes. This study analyzes different LCC methodological aspects and approaches to evaluate FW management and valorization routes. A systematic literature review was carried out with a focus on different LCC approaches, their application to food, FW, and waste systems, as well as on specific methodological aspects...
January 2, 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303793/exploring-the-use-of-educational-material-about-shoulder-dysfunction-a-quality-improvement-project-in-people-with-als
#13
Katherine Burke, Amy Swartz Ellrodt, Jason Levine, Taylor Adams, Rebecca Allis, Ian Macmurdie, Sabrina Paganoni
Shoulder pain is a common secondary complication of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) that can contribute to functional decline and decreased participation in daily activities. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an educational brochure aimed at improving knowledge regarding shoulder pain and dysfunction in people with ALS. Participants completed a pre-intervention survey with questions regarding their knowledge of how ALS may affect their shoulders. After completing the pre-survey, they were mailed a brochure that described shoulder health and range of motion and stretching exercises...
January 4, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299879/injuries-in-field-hockey-players-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Saulo Delfino Barboza, Corey Joseph, Joske Nauta, Willem van Mechelen, Evert Verhagen
BACKGROUND: To commence injury prevention efforts, it is necessary to understand the magnitude of the injury problem. No systematic reviews have yet investigated the extent of injuries in field hockey, despite the popularity of the sport worldwide. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to describe the rate and severity of injuries in field hockey and investigate their characteristics. METHODS: We conducted electronic searches in PubMed, Embase, SPORTDiscus, and CINAHL...
January 3, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298664/the-prevention-of-delirium-in-elderly-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-podesa-study-protocol-for-a-multi-centre-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Jean Wong, David Lam, Stephen Choi, Mandeep Singh, Naveed Siddiqui, Sanjeev Sockalingam, Frances Chung
BACKGROUND: Delirium is a common problem that occurs in 5-50% of elderly individuals following surgery. Patients who develop delirium after surgery are at increased risk for serious complications. Recent studies suggest that patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a sleep disorder characterized by repeated episodes of complete or partial blockage of the upper airway - are at greater risk to develop delirium. OSA is more common in elderly individuals but is often undiagnosed. Identification and treatment of unrecognized OSA may reduce the incidence of postoperative delirium...
January 3, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298461/distal-femoral-varus-osteotomy-for-valgus-arthritis-of-the-knees-systematic-review-of-open-versus-closed-wedge-osteotomy
#16
REVIEW
Young Chan Kim, Jae-Hyuk Yang, Hyun Jung Kim, Tulyapruek Tawonsawatruk, Yong Suk Chang, Jong Seong Lee, Nikhil N Bhandare, Ki Seong Kim, Giorgio D G Delgado, Kyung Wook Nha
Purpose: The purpose of this review is to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes between open and closed wedge distal femoral varus osteotomy (DFO). Methods: A literature search of online databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library database) was made in addition to manual search of major orthopedic journals. Data were searched from the time period of January 1990 to October 2016. A modified Coleman Methodology Score system was used to assess the methodologic quality of the included studies...
January 4, 2018: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298218/community-level-sports-group-participation-and-older-individuals-depressive-symptoms
#17
Taishi Tsuji, Yasuhiro Miyaguni, Satoru Kanamori, Masamichi Hanazato, Katsunori Kondo
PURPOSE: Community-level group participation is a structural aspect of social capital that may have a contextual influence on an individual's health. Herein, we sought to investigate a contextual relationship between community-level prevalence of sports group participation and depressive symptoms in older individuals. METHODS: We used data from the 2010 Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES), a population-based, cross-sectional study of individuals aged ≥65 years without long-term care needs in Japan...
January 3, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289941/azithromycin-to-prevent-post-discharge-morbidity-and-mortality-in-kenyan-children-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial-the-toto-bora-trial
#18
Patricia B Pavlinac, Benson O Singa, Grace C John-Stewart, Barbra A Richardson, Rebecca L Brander, Christine J McGrath, Kirkby D Tickell, Mary Amondi, Doreen Rwigi, Joseph B Babigumira, Sam Kariuki, Ruth Nduati, Judd L Walson
INTRODUCTION: Child mortality due to infectious diseases remains unacceptably high in much of sub-Saharan Africa. Children who are hospitalised represent an accessible population at particularly high risk of death, both during and following hospitalisation. Hospital discharge may be a critical time point at which targeted use of antibiotics could reduce morbidity and mortality in high-risk children. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial (Toto Bora Trial), 1400 children aged 1-59 months discharged from hospitals in Western Kenya, in Kisii and Homa Bay, will be randomised to either a 5-day course of azithromycin or placebo to determine whether a short course of azithromycin reduces rates of rehospitalisation and/or death in the subsequent 6-month period...
December 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289938/pharmacological-interventions-for-preventing-post-operative-atrial-fibrillation-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-a-network-meta-analysis-protocol
#19
Xiaoqin Wang, Liang Yao, Long Ge, Lun Li, Fuxiang Liang, Qi Zhou, Yaolong Chen, Yongfeng Wang, Kehu Yang
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is the most common complication following cardiac surgery, and randomised clinical trials (RCTs) and systematic reviews have been conducted to compare and evaluate different pharmacological interventions for preventing POAF. This study aimed to explore the effect of different pharmacological interventions for prophylaxis against POAF after cardiac surgery using network meta-analysis (NMA). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A systematic search will be performed in PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library to identify RCTs, systematic reviews, meta-analyses or NMA of different pharmacological interventions for POAF...
December 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289932/vaccination-marketing-by-private-healthcare-sector-glaring-malpractices
#20
Vipin Vashistha
The editorial by Jesani and Johari in this journal raises some contentious yet relevant ethical issues pertaining to vaccination practices in India. Vaccination is one of the most important preventive measures against infectious diseases. The eradication of smallpox in the 70s and near eradication of polio are testimony to this. The Government of India (GoI) has recently added a few new vaccines in its Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP), one of the largest public health programmes across the globe. The number of vaccines delivered through this public health programme has doubled from six in 1985 to twelve in 2017...
December 21, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
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