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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136715/-analysis-of-the-clinical-and-electrophysiological-characteristics-of-multifocal-motor-neuropathy
#1
H F Wang, F Yang, F Cui, Z H Chen, L Ling, X S Huang
Ten patients diagnosed with multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) were recruited in the Department of Neurology at Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 1, 2009 to August 31, 2015. The clinical and electrophysiological features were analyzed retrospectively. All patients complained of progressive asymmetric limb weakness, which was more severe in distal than in proximal. Five presented muscle atrophy. None had sensory disturbances. All suffered diminished or disappeared tendon reflex, whereas Babinski signs were negative...
November 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133232/embryological-and-comparative-description-of-the-cephalic-vein-joining-the-external-jugular-vein-a-case-report
#2
R C Araújo, L A S Pires, M L Andrade, M C Perez, C S L Filho, M A Babinski
The cephalic vein arises from the radial end of the dorsal venous arch. It turns around the radial border of the forearm and passes proximally along the arm to the shoulder, where it enters the axillary vein by penetrating the clavipectoral triangle. The cephalic vein is prone to vary at the antecubital fossa, where it forms numerous anastomoses. A male cadaver fixated with a 10% formalin solution was dissected during regular anatomy lessons. It was found that the cephalic vein crossed the upper third of the arm between two fasciculi of the deltoid muscle and reached the shoulder, where it passed above the acromion and crossed the posterior border of the clavicle in order to join the external jugular vein...
November 10, 2017: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122459/resolution-of-anton-babinski-syndrome-after-systemic-thrombolysis-and-mechanical-thrombectomy-with-a-stentriever
#3
Giuseppe Leone, Sergio Nappini, Andrea Wlderk, Antonio Laiso, Maria Lamassa, Patrizia Nencini, Salvatore Mangiafico, Nicola Limbucci
Anton-Babinski syndrome is a rare neuropsychiatric syndrome characterized by bilateral cortical blindness and anosognosia with visual confabulation. We present the case of a patient presenting with occlusion of both posterior cerebral arteries (PCA), with Anton-Babinski syndrome, completely solved after combined systemic thrombolysis and mechanical thrombectomy with a stent-retriever.
November 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107727/severe-spinal-cord-compression-by-a-pure-giant-intradural-schwannoma-of-the-cervical-spine
#4
Javier Quillo-Olvera, Guang-Xun Lin, Jin-Sung Kim
A 73-year-old man with progressive quadriparesis, six months of evolution. Physical examination showed decreased strength at upper and lower limbs together with an increase in osteotendinous reflexes with Babinski sign. Upon radiological investigation, MRI revealed a tumor at C3-T2 with a severe ventrolateral displacement of the spinal cord (Figure 1). The patient underwent surgery for gross total resection of the lesion. Histopathologic findings reported a schwannoma. (Figure 2). Muscular strength of the limbs improved three months after surgery, and the patient was able to walk without assistance...
October 28, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097135/apparent-c8-t1-radiculopathy-with-hand-weakness-due-to-mid-cervical-spondylosis
#5
Menachem Sadeh, Ron Dabby
Hand weakness and wasting in the setting of mid-cervical spondylosis and disc herniation without radiological evidence for compression of the C8 or T1 roots has been rarely reported. We retrospectively studied the data of patients with hand weakness and mid-cervical spondylosis. The clinical and radiological findings were compared to a control group of patients with weakness of the arm or forearm muscles and similar mid-cervical spondylosis. We found 19 patients with weakness and atrophy of the intrinsic hand muscles, and 13 patients with weakness proximal to the hand muscles to serve as a control group...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064541/hypertrophic-reversed-palmaris-longus-muscle-a-cadaveric-finding
#6
Lucas Pires, Jan-Peter Perissé, Gabriel Costa Serrão Araújo, Jorge Manaia, Albino Fonseca Júnior, Marcio Antonio Babinski
Variations of the forearm musculature are vastly described in the literature. The palmaris longus muscle is one of the most variable structures of the human body. It usually rises from the medial epicondyle of the humerus and inserts itself into the palmar aponeurosis. Anatomy textbooks and recent papers state that this muscle may act as a weak wrist flexor. The present work aims to report an anatomical variation where the palmaris longus muscle was abnormally hypertrophied and was completely fleshy throughout the whole forearm...
October 24, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049181/recurrent-multiple-organ-involvement-of-disseminated-alveolar-echinococcosis-in-3-patients-case-report
#7
Leilei Xu, Sikandaer Siyiti, Xinghua Song, Hao Wen, Liwen Ding, Akbar Yunus, Zheng Tian, Chong Wang, Jiangtao Chen
RATIONALE: Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a rare but highly malignant form of echinococcosis caused by Echinococcus multilocularis. There have been very few reports on multiple-organ AE, especially AE in bones. Here we report 3 rare cases of disseminated multiple-organ AE from western China and its neighboring areas. PATIENT CONCERNS: Patient 1 had back and left hip pain, headache, and weakness in left lower limb, often with minor epilepsy and fluctuation of blood pressure...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893412/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-callous-unemotional-traits-as-moderators-of-conduct-problems-when-examining-impairment-in-emerging-adults
#8
Dara E Babinski, Kristina A Neely, Allen Kunselman, Daniel A Waschbusch
This study examines attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and callous-unemotional (CU) traits as moderators of the association between conduct problems (CP) and young adult functioning. Young adults (n = 283; Mage = 20.82 years; 53.4% female), oversampled for attention and behavior problems, provided self-ratings of ADHD, CP, and CU, and adaptive functioning and psychopathology. ADHD and CU simultaneously moderated relationships between CP and family functioning, tobacco use, and internalizing symptoms...
December 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798719/fulminant-acute-ascending-hemorrhagic-myelitis-treated-with-eculizumab
#9
Nang Boe Ohnmar Hsam, Klemens Angstwurm, Sebastian Peters, Kornelius Fuchs, Gerhard Schuierer, Ulrich Bogdahn, Robert Weissert
We describe an 18-year-old patient who developed back pain, rapidly ascending sensomotory deficits, bladder dysfunction, Lhermitte's sign, absent abdominal reflexes of all three levels, brisk tendon reflexes, and positive Babinski's sign. Magnetic resonance imaging of the spinal cord showed a long segment of cervical and thoracic intramedullary signal hyperintensity suggesting a longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis possibly within the course of a fast progressing ascending immune-mediated hemorrhagic myelopathy...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797539/risk-factors-for-poor-prognosis-in-children-with-refractory-purulent-meningitis-and-the-discharge-criteria
#10
Hai-Lun Peng, Yue Hu, Hong-Jia Chen, Pan-Pan Song, Li Jiang
This study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities and prognosis in pediatric refractory purulent meningitis. Ninety cases of pediatric refractory purulent meningitis were stratified into "good" (n=33) or "poor" (n=57) prognosis groups according to the Glasgow clinical outcome scores. The symptoms, laboratory results, and prognosis were compared by using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Univariate analysis showed that poor prognosis was associated with: unequal pupil size in both eyes; positive Babinski sign; CSF-WBC >500×10(6)/L, CSF protein concentration >1...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698679/raman-scattering-excitation-spectroscopy-of-monolayer-ws2
#11
Maciej R Molas, Karol Nogajewski, Marek Potemski, Adam Babiński
Resonant Raman scattering is investigated in monolayer WS2 at low temperature with the aid of an unconventional technique, i.e., Raman scattering excitation (RSE) spectroscopy. The RSE spectrum is made up by sweeping the excitation energy, when the detection energy is fixed in resonance with excitonic transitions related to either neutral or charged excitons. We demonstrate that the shape of the RSE spectrum strongly depends on the selected detection energy. The resonance of outgoing light with the neutral exciton leads to an extremely rich RSE spectrum, which displays several Raman scattering features not reported so far, while no clear effect on the associated background photoluminescence is observed...
July 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673659/joseph-jumenti%C3%A3-1879-1928-a-forgotten-neurologist
#12
REVIEW
O Walusinski
Joseph Jumentié (1879-1928), through his clinical skill and expertise in anatomical pathology, enhanced the prestige of the master neurologists he studied under- Jules Dejerine, Augusta Dejerine-Klumpke and Joseph Babiński -and their fame overshadowed the crucial support that Jumentié provided them. Following a remarkable doctoral thesis in 1911, which defined the semiology of tumors in the cerebellopontine angle, Jumentié conducted research into various areas of neurology and authored numerous publications...
June 30, 2017: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575322/mutant-mice-with-calcium-sensing-receptor-activation-have-hyperglycemia-that-is-rectified-by-calcilytic-therapy
#13
Valerie N Babinsky, Fadil M Hannan, Reshma D Ramracheya, Quan Zhang, M Andrew Nesbit, Alison Hugill, Liz Bentley, Tertius A Hough, Elizabeth Joynson, Michelle Stewart, Abhishek Aggarwal, Maximilian Prinz-Wohlgenannt, Caroline M Gorvin, Enikö Kallay, Sara Wells, Roger D Cox, Duncan Richards, Patrik Rorsman, Rajesh V Thakker
The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is a family C G-protein-coupled receptor that plays a pivotal role in extracellular calcium homeostasis. The CaSR is also highly expressed in pancreatic islet α- and β-cells that secrete glucagon and insulin, respectively. To determine whether the CaSR may influence systemic glucose homeostasis, we characterized a mouse model with a germline gain-of-function CaSR mutation, Leu723Gln, referred to as Nuclear flecks (Nuf). Heterozygous- (CasrNuf/+) and homozygous-affected (CasrNuf/Nuf) mice were shown to have hypocalcemia in association with impaired glucose tolerance and insulin secretion...
August 1, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566174/role-of-the-other-babinski-sign-in-hyperkinetic-facial-disorders
#14
Sara Varanda, Sofia Rocha, Margarida Rodrigues, Álvaro Machado, Gisela Carneiro
BACKGROUND: The "other Babinski sign" consists in the co-contraction of the orbicularis and frontalis muscles, causing an eyebrow elevation during ipsilateral eye closure. It cannot be voluntarily reproduced. AIMS OF THE STUDY: To determine the utility of this sign in the differential diagnosis of hyperkinetic facial disorders. METHODS: The presence of the sign was assessed in consecutive patients with blepharospasm, primary hemifacial spasm or post-paralytic facial syndrome treated in a botulinum toxin outpatient clinic...
July 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522228/accessory-subscapularis-muscle%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-forgotten-variation
#15
L A S Pires, C F C Souza, A R Teixeira, T F O Leite, M A Babinski, C A A Chagas
The quadrangular space is a space in the axilla bounded by the inferior margin of the teres minor muscle, the superior margin of the teres major muscle, the lateral margin of the long head of the triceps brachii muscle and the surgical neck of the humerus, medially. The axillary nerve (C5-C6) and the posterior circumflex humeral artery and veins pass through this space in order to supply their territories. The subscapularis muscle is situated into the scapular fossa and inserts itself into the lesser tubercle of the humerus, thus helping stabilize the shoulder joint...
May 15, 2017: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516854/mother-father-and-teacher-agreement-on-victimization-and-bullying-in-children-with-psychiatric-disorders
#16
Susan Dickerson Mayes, Susan L Calhoun, Farhat Siddiqui, Raman Baweja, Daniel A Waschbusch, Richard E Mattison, Dara E Babinski
Bullying is a significant international problem, and parent-teacher agreement on identifying perpetrators and victims is poor in general population studies. The goal of our study is to assess informant discrepancies in children with mental health disorders. Parents and teachers completed the Pediatric Behavior Scale as part of a diagnostic evaluation for 1,723 children (ages 2-16 years) referred to a psychiatry clinic over the past 10 years. Mother and father bullying and victimization ratings on the Pediatric Behavior Scale were similar, but parent-teacher agreement was poor...
June 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488601/1892-and-the-tribulations-of-joseph-babinski
#17
Kalyan B Bhattacharyya
In the early 1880s, Joseph Babinski was appointed as Chef de Clinique under Jean-Martin Charcot at Salpétrière, Paris, in France. He appeared for the post of Professeur Agrégé, the pinnacle of academic distinction in France in 1892. Charles Bouchard, the earliest pupil of Charcot, who described the Charcot-Bouchard aneurysm along with his master, was the Chief of the Board of Jury. Charcot and Bouchard did not see eye to eye in the later period, and when German Sée, an external examiner did not join the board of examiners following illness, Bouchard, instead of seeking the assistance of an alternate examiner, employed the special right of Vote of Absence...
May 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402837/a-critical-examination-of-the-possible-application-of-zinc-stable-isotope-ratios-in-bivalve-mollusks-and-suspended-particulate-matter-to-trace-zinc-pollution-in-a-tropical-estuary
#18
Daniel Araújo, Wilson Machado, Dominik Weiss, Daniel S Mulholland, Geraldo R Boaventura, Jerome Viers, Jeremie Garnier, Elton L Dantas, Marly Babinski
The application of zinc (Zn) isotopes in bivalve tissues to identify zinc sources in estuaries was critically assessed. We determined the zinc isotope composition of mollusks (Crassostrea brasiliana and Perna perna) and suspended particulate matter (SPM) in a tropical estuary (Sepetiba Bay, Brazil) historically impacted by metallurgical activities. The zinc isotope systematics of the SPM was in line with mixing of zinc derived from fluvial material and from metallurgical activities. In contrast, source mixing alone cannot account for the isotope ratios observed in the bivalves, which are significantly lighter in the contaminated metallurgical zone (δ(66)ZnJMC = +0...
July 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357826/anton-s-syndrome-as-a-presentation-of-decompression-illness
#19
Charles Paul Azzopardi, Lyubisa Matity, Stephen Muscat
We present a case of a patient with Anton's syndrome due to decompression illness (DCI) after recreational scuba diving. Visual anosognosia, or denial of loss of vision, which is associated with lack of awareness regarding visual loss in the setting of cortical blindness, is known as Anton's syndrome (also termed Anton-Babinski syndrome). Our patient presented with progressive neurological DCI treated with repeated recompression. The anosogosia resolved after 48 h. Subsequent echocardiography revealed a persistent (patent) foramen ovale...
March 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347498/jules-and-augusta-dejerine-pierre-marie-joseph-babi%C3%A5-ski-georges-guillain-and-their-students-during-world-war-i
#20
REVIEW
O Walusinski
World War I (1914-1918), however tragic, was nonetheless an "edifying school of nervous system experimental pathology" not only because of the various types of injuries, but also because their numbers were greater than any physician could have foreseen. The peripheral nervous system, the spine and the brain were all to benefit from the subsequent advances in clinical and anatomo-functional knowledge. Neurosurgeons took on nerve sutures, spinal injury exploration, and the localization and extraction of intracranial foreign bodies...
March 2017: Revue Neurologique
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