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Nari Choi, Jee-Eun Yoon, Byoung-Won Park, Won-Ho Chang, Hyun-Jo Kim, Kyung Bok Lee
We report a case of aortic dissection masquerading as acute ischemic stroke followed by intravenous thrombolysis. A 59-year-old man presented with dizziness. After examination, the patient had a seizure with bilateral Babinski signs. Soon after identifying multiple acute infarctions in both hemispheres on diffusion-weighted brain magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) was administered. Both common carotid arteries were invisible on MR angiography, and subsequent chest computed tomography revealed an aortic dissection...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Junpei Koge, Shintaro Hayashi, Hiroo Yamaguchi, Takahisa Tateishi, Hiroyuki Murai, Jun-Ichi Kira
A 37-old-male with a history of early childhood mental retardation was admitted to our hospital. He experienced recurrent syncopes at 23 years old, and at age 35 gait disturbance and hearing impairment developed gradually and worsened over time. His grandparents were in a consanguineous marriage. He was of short stature and absent of tendon xanthomas. Neurological examinations revealed scanning speech, dysphagia, right sensorineural hearing loss, spasticity in both upper and lower extremities, and spastic gait...
September 28, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Petra Branná, Jarmila Černochová, Michal Rouchal, Petr Kulhánek, Martin Babinský, Radek Marek, Marek Nečas, Ivo Kuřitka, Robert Vícha
Imidazolium-based guests containing two distinct binding epitopes are capable of binding β-cyclodextrin and cucurbit[6/7]uril (CB) simultaneously to form heteroternary 1:1:1 inclusion complexes. In the final configuration, the hosts occupy binding sites disfavored in the binary complexes because of the chemically induced reorganization of the intermediate 1:1 aggregate. In addition, the reported guests are capable of binding two CBs to form either 1:2 or 1:1:1 ternary assemblies despite consisting of a single cationic moiety...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Fadil M Hannan, Valerie N Babinsky, Rajesh V Thakker
The extracellular calcium (Ca(2+) o)-sensing receptor (CaSR) is a family C G protein-coupled receptor, which detects alterations in Ca(2+) o concentrations and modulates parathyroid hormone secretion and urinary calcium excretion. The central role of the CaSR in Ca(2+) o homeostasis has been highlighted by the identification of mutations affecting the CASR gene on chromosome 3q21.1. Loss-of-function CASR mutations cause familial hypocalciuric hypercalcaemia (FHH), whereas gain-of-function mutations lead to autosomal dominant hypocalcaemia (ADH)...
October 2016: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
Yifei Wu, Vidhyapriya Sreenivasan, Erin E Babinsky, T Rowan Candy
Young children experience decreased convergence and increased accommodation demands relative to adults, as a result of their small interpupillary distance and hyperopic refraction. Those with typical amounts of hyperopic refractive error must accommodate more than an emmetrope to achieve focused retinal images, which may also drive additional convergence through the neural coupling. Adults and older children have demonstrated vergence adaptation to a variety of visual stimuli. Can vergence adaptation help younger children achieve alignment in the presence of these potentially conflicting demands? Purkinje image eye tracking and eccentric photorefraction were used to record simultaneous vergence and accommodation responses in adults and young children (3-6 years)...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Vision
João Dias Ferreira, Ana Castro Caldas, João Correia de Sá, Ruth Geraldes
Nervous system involvement in Hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) has been associated to neuro-immunological deregulation, particularly in interferon-alpha treated patients. We present a case of optic and brainstem demyelinating disorder associated with aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibodies. A 48 year-old woman, with previous diagnosis of non-treated hepatitis C, presented with a 10-year history of long-standing gait disturbance. Neurological examination disclosed a grade 4 spastic paraparesis, lower limb hyperreflexia, right positive Hoffmann sign, bilateral Babinski sign and spastic gait only possible with bilateral support...
July 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
José G A Ribeiro, Carlos A B Klojda, Claudio P De Araújo, Lucas A S Pires, Marcio A Babinski
The bladder leiomyosarcoma is a rare and agressive mesenchymal tumour, and adult women of reproductive age have a higher incidence of developing the bladder leiomyosarcoma. The pathophysiology of the disease is not certain, and its main symptoms are hematuria, dysuria and abdominal pain. There are not a considerable amount of cases described in the literature. We report a case of a giant leiomyosarcoma of the urinary bladder in a 31-year-old woman.
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Won Young Kim, Jin Bum Kim, Taek Kyun Nam, Young Baeg Kim, Seung Won Park
Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF) usually results in various problems in the brain. But it can be presented as a myelopathy, which may make early diagnosis and management to be difficult. We recently experienced a case of cervical myelopathy caused by intracranial dAVF. A 60-year-old man presented with a 3-year history of gait disturbance due to a progressive weakness of both legs. Neurological examination revealed spastic paraparesis (grade IV) and Babinski sign on both sides. Magnetic resonance imaging showed serpentine vascular signal voids at C2-T1 on T2-weighted image with increased signal intensity and swelling of spinal cord at C1-C4...
June 2016: Korean Journal of Spine
Semra Işık, Akın Akakın, Murat Şakir Ekşi, Baran Yılmaz, Tamer Aksoy, Murat Konakçı, Zafer Orkun Toktaş, Türker Kılıç
Foot drop is an inability to dorsiflex the ankle and toe. Primary causes of foot drop are compression or lesion of the 5th lumbar nerve and entrapment of the peroneal nerve at the head of the fibula. Rarely, some central nervous system lesions lead to foot drop. A 16-year-old boy was admitted with blunt head trauma that had happened in an assault. The muscle strength of the bilateral tibialis anterior, bilateral extensor digitorum longus and bilateral extensor digitorum brevis were Medical Research Council grade 1...
July 19, 2016: Pediatric Neurosurgery
Túlio F Leite, Carlos A A Chagas, Lucas A S Pires, Rafael Cisne, Márcio A Babinski
The presence of the appendix within a femoral hernia (FH) sac is known as Garengeot's hernia (GH). We report on current study a rare case of an elderly man with a combined inguinal and Garengeot's hernia and discuss the clinical aspects. An 82-year-old man clinically stable, presented history of pain at the right inguinal region for over a week, without vomit, nausea, fever or any alteration of intestinal or urinary eliminations. Clinical examination revealed a FH and the ultrasonography confirmed the hernia sac...
2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Eugenio L C Miller, Luiz F F Miller, Jorge G Carvalho, Alexandre Marsillac, Lucas Pires, Marcio A Babinski, Mauro Monteiro
INTRODUCTION: Psoas abscess is a rare clinical entity with vague symptomatology. We report a psoas abscess that simulated symptoms of acute appendicitis. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A twenty-five year old male presented pain irradiating to the right iliac fossa and lumbar region associated with thigh flexion. Laboratorial exams revealed leukocytosis with a neutrophil shift to the left. Abdominal Ultrasound showed significant intestinal distension and a small quantity of free fluid at the right iliac fossa...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Leslie M Babinski, Ashley J Corra, Elizabeth J Gifford
Many advocacy organizations devote time and resources to increasing community awareness and educating the public in an effort to gain support for their issue. One such effort, the Dropout Prevention Campaign by America's Promise Alliance, aimed to increase the visibility of the high school dropout problem and mobilize the community to take action. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the framing of the Dropout Prevention Campaign in television news media. To evaluate this campaign, television news coverage about high school dropout in 12 U...
August 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
Lichao Sun, Jianguo Wu, Chunlan Liu, Weihong Lin
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed with progressive myoclonus ataxia (PMA) from two Chinese pedigrees. METHODS: An analysis of clinical data is presented and inferences drawn. RESULTS: The propositus from pedigree-I (9-year-old female) could not walk stably and had a history of frequent falls. The symptoms aggravated over time until she lost the ability to take care of herself. Her physical and mental development (including cognitive ability) was normal...
October 2016: Neurological Research
N Álvarez, L Díez, C Avellaneda, M Serra, M Á Rubio
INTRODUCTION: Pyramidal signs (hyperreflexia, spasticity, Babinski sign) are essential for the diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). However, these signs are not always present at onset and may vary over time, besides which their role in disease evolution is controversial. Our goal was to describe which pyramidal signs were present and how they evolved in a cohort of patients with ALS, as well as their role in prognosis. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected patients diagnosed with ALS in our centre from 1990 to 2015...
June 20, 2016: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
Giuseppe Mariniello, Francesca Malacario, Flavia Dones, Rocco Severino, Lorenzo Ugga, Camilla Russo, Andrea Elefante, Francesco Maiuri
Spinal meningiomas usually present with slowly progressive symptoms of cord and root compression, while a sudden clinical onset is very rare. A 35-year-old previously symptom-free woman presented sudden right sciatica and weakness of her right leg following a fall with impact to her left foot. A neurological examination showed paresis of the right quadriceps, tibial and sural muscles, increased bilateral knee and ankle reflexes and positive Babinski sign. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed the presence of a spinal T11 meningioma in the left postero-lateral compartment of the spinal canal; at this level, the spinal cord was displaced to the contralateral side with the conus in the normal position...
October 2016: Neuroradiology Journal
Y S Xu, S Zhang, X X Liu, A P Sun, D S Fan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of upper motor neuron dysfunction in patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) by triple stimulation technique (TST) to provide evidence for gene diagnosis. METHODS: A total of 65 CMT patients confirmed by genetic testing from Peking University Third Hospital between August 2013 and August 2015, underwent physical examination and routine electrophysiological tests and triple stimulation technique. The TST combined transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the motor cortex with peripheral collision studies...
June 7, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Matthew C Kiernan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Practical Neurology
G Keyßer, S Oye, T Feist, A Liebhaber, K Babinsky, R Schobess, R-D Boldemann, S Wagner, T Linde
The diagnosis and treatment of inflammatory rheumatic diseases can be delayed by a long waiting period for an appointment with a rheumatologist. This study investigated whether preselection of patients in an early arthritis clinic is a suitable tool to improve this situation. In 2006 an early arthritis clinic was founded by the Collaborating Center of Rheumatology in Halle (Saale). General practitioners refer patients by using a special registration form that helps to identify patients with an early joint swelling or inflammatory back pain...
June 6, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
J Brunon
Modern French neurosurgery starts at the beginning of the XXth century under the motivation of Joseph Babinski. He submitted his patients to Thierry de Martel who had learned this new specialized area of medicine with H. Cushing in the États-Unis and V. Horsey in Great Britain. His first successfully treated case of an intracranial tumor was published in 1909. But the true founding father was Clovis Vincent, initially a neurologist and collaborator of de Martel, who became the first chairman in 1933 of the neurosurgical department at the Pitié hospital of Paris and the first professor of neurosurgery in 1938...
June 2016: Neuro-Chirurgie
Shiroh Miura, Takuya Morikawa, Ryuta Fujioka, Kengo Kosaka, Kohei Yamada, Gohsuke Hattori, Manabu Motomura, Takayuki Taniwaki, Hiroki Shibata
Spastic paraplegia (SPG) type 28 is an autosomal recessive SPG caused by mutations in the DDHD1 gene. We examined a Japanese 54-years-old male patient with autosomal recessive SPG. His parents were consanguineous. He needed a wheelchair for transfer due to spastic paraplegia. There was a history of operations for bilateral hallux valgus, thoracic ossification of the yellow ligament, bilateral carpal tunnel syndrome, bilateral ankle contracture, and lumbar spinal canal stenosis. He noticed gait disturbance at age 14...
August 2016: European Journal of Medical Genetics
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