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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217389/management-of-parturients-in-active-labor-with-arnold-chiari-malformation-tonsillar-herniation-and-syringomyelia
#1
Ramsis F Ghaly, Tatiana Tverdohleb, Kenneth D Candido, Nebojsa Nick Knezevic
BACKGROUND: Arnold-Chiari malformation Type 1 (ACM-1) in parturients is a topic of ongoing discussion between obstetricians and anesthesiologists. The primary unanswered question remains; How should the anesthesia provider proceed with labor analgesia and anesthesia for cesarean section when confronted with an advanced, asymptomatic, or minimally symptomatic case of ACM-1 during labor? CASE DESCRIPTION: A 24-year-old, ASA II, G1P0 full-term parturient presented to Labor and Delivery for vaginal delivery...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194447/g%C3%AE-11-mutation-in-mice-causes-hypocalcemia-rectifiable-by-calcilytic-therapy
#2
Caroline M Gorvin, Fadil M Hannan, Sarah A Howles, Valerie N Babinsky, Sian E Piret, Angela Rogers, Andrew J Freidin, Michelle Stewart, Anju Paudyal, Tertius A Hough, M Andrew Nesbit, Sara Wells, Tonia L Vincent, Stephen D M Brown, Roger D Cox, Rajesh V Thakker
Heterozygous germline gain-of-function mutations of G-protein subunit α11 (Gα11), a signaling partner for the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR), result in autosomal dominant hypocalcemia type 2 (ADH2). ADH2 may cause symptomatic hypocalcemia with low circulating parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations. Effective therapies for ADH2 are currently not available, and a mouse model for ADH2 would help in assessment of potential therapies. We hypothesized that a previously reported dark skin mouse mutant (Dsk7) - which has a germline hypermorphic Gα11 mutation, Ile62Val - may be a model for ADH2 and allow evaluation of calcilytics, which are CaSR negative allosteric modulators, as a targeted therapy for this disorder...
February 9, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192763/beam-broadening-in-transmission-and-conventional-ebsd
#3
Katherine P Rice, Yimeng Chen, Robert R Keller, Mark P Stoykovich
Transmission electron backscatter diffraction (t-EBSD) has become a routine technique for crystal orientation mapping when ultrahigh resolution is needed and has demonstrated advantages in the characterization of nanoscale and micron-sized samples (Babinsky et al., 2015). In this work, we use experimental measurements and simulations to compare the resolution of the transmission and conventional reflection EBSD techniques across a range of sample volumes and characterization conditions. Monte Carlo simulations of electron trajectories provide the opportunity to estimate beam size and effective resolution, as well as electron flux, as a function of sample thickness or incident beam energy in t-EBSD...
December 31, 2016: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166528/babinski-sign-in-art
#4
Julien Bogousslavsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166525/a-newly-discovered-babinski-sign-in-a-renaissance-painting
#5
Laurent Tatu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162871/a-young-female-with-urinary-retention-a-case-report-of-hashimoto-s-encephalopathy
#6
Benjamin L Cooper, Shane E Appel, Hussam M Ammar
Hashimoto's Encephalopathy (HE) is a rare form of autoimmune encephalopathy associated with Hashimoto's thyroiditis in which patients experience cognitive impairment and various neurologic symptoms. We present a case of a young female that presented to the emergency department with urinary retention, and was ultimately diagnosed with HE. Examination was significant for direction-changing and vertical nystagmus (direction-changing nystagmus describes a phenomenon where the fast beat changes with the direction of gaze), hyperreflexia, clonus, and Babinski and Hoffman's reflexes (all upper motor neuron (UMN) signs)...
January 26, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151006/business-planning-for-a-campus-wide-biobank
#7
Tamsin E Tarling, Frances Lasser, Candace Carter, Lise A M Matzke, Gurm Dhugga, Nidhi Arora, Simon Dee, Jodi LeBlanc, Sindy Babinsky, Sheila O'Donoghue, Stefanie Cheah, Peter Watson, Suzanne M Vercauteren
Biobanks are resources that facilitate research. Many biobanks exist around the world, but most tend to focus on a specific disease or research area. BC Children's Hospital and BC Women's Hospital are located on the same campus (Oak Street Campus) in Vancouver, BC, Canada. A campus-wide biobank has been established on the site of these two hospitals to collect specimens and annotated data from children or women seeking medical care at either of the hospitals. Such an initiative requires careful planning and consideration of many factors such as buy in and support of key stakeholders, governance, financial planning, and optimizing specimen collection...
February 2017: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131534/the-first-sixty-five-craniopharyngioma-operations-in-france
#8
REVIEW
I Castro-Dufourny, R Carrasco, R Prieto, L Barrios, J-M Pascual
Craniopharyngiomas (CPs) are benign epithelial tumors that develop along the hypothalamus-hypophyseal axis and were first described by Jakob Erdheim in 1904. These tumors have represented a challenge for surgeons since the rise of modern neurosurgery. The study of CPs is linked to the development of this surgical discipline in parallel with neuroendocrinology within the French school of neurology, led by Joseph Babinski. For the present study, all CP cases published in the French scientific literature before the development of modern neuroradiology were gathered, and 65 cases that underwent surgical procedures between 1921 and 1973 were selected...
January 25, 2017: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123346/the-efficiency-analysis-of-thrombolytic-rt-pa-combined-with-intravascular-interventional-therapy-in-patients-with-acute-basilar-artery-occlusion
#9
Zhao Xianxian, Yue Chengsong, Mei Qiang, Wei Fei, Shen Lin, Ding Huiyan, Gong Zili
In order to further optimize the treatment strategy for the patients with acute basilar artery occlusion, we were dedicated to study the therapeutic effects and influential factors in the process of treated basilar artery occlusion with thrombolytic combined vascular interventional therapy. 75 patients with acute basilar artery occlusion treated with arterial thrombolytic therapy were analyzed retrospectively. In accordance with the discharge records of patients, their short-term curative effect with 24-hour treatment and 14-days treatment were evaluated...
2017: International Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102813/intramedullary-amputation-neuroma-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Laura Stone McGuire, Mandana Behbahini, Sumit Das, David Loeffler, Peter Burger, Herbert Engelhard, Tibor Valyi-Nagy, Ankit Mehta
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Amputation neuromas consist of non-neoplastic collections of myelinated axons and Schwann cells and typically arise in injured peripheral nerves. Rarely, however, neuromas occur within the spinal cord. Intramedullary amputation neuromas have been described both with and without a history of trauma within the peripheral nervous system. We report a rare case of an isolated intramedullary spinal cord amputation neuroma. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: This 43-year-old man presented with progressive and severe gait deterioration for ~ 7 years...
January 19, 2017: Clinical Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025023/correlation-between-preoperative-physical-signs-and-functional-outcomes-after-laminoplasty-for-ossification-of-the-posterior-longitudinal-ligament
#11
Takashi Tsuji, Nobuyuki Fujita, Kota Watanabe, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Ken Ishii
BACKGROUND: Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) can cause myelopathy that is often managed surgically. Knowledge of predictors of surgical outcomes can provide decision support to surgeons. The aims of this study were to investigate the relationships between preoperative physical signs and postoperative functional outcomes in patients with OPLL and to clarify whether physical signs could predict functional outcomes. METHODS: Fifty-five patients with OPLL who had undergone cervical laminoplasty were included in this study...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991835/parent-reported-improvements-in-family-functioning-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-lisdexamfetamine-for-treatment-of-parental-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#12
Dara E Babinski, James G Waxmonsky, Daniel A Waschbusch, Hugh Humphery, William E Pelham
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the effects of parental stimulant medication treatment on parent ratings of parent-child functioning. Ratings of parent-child functioning in the home setting and immediately following a laboratory-based parent-child interaction were collected. METHOD: Participants were 20 parents who along with their children (ages 5-12 years) were diagnosed with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942912/distinguishing-features-of-psychogenic-functional-versus-organic-hemifacial-spasm
#13
José Fidel Baizabal-Carvallo, Joseph Jankovic
Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is one of the most common presentations in patients with cranial psychogenic (functional) movement disorders (PMD). Medical records and videos of patients with PMD and HFS were reviewed to identify those with psychogenic HFS and to compare the phenomenology of psychogenic HFS with organic HFS. We identified 18 (9.8%) patients with psychogenic HFS from a cohort of 184 patients with PMDs. There were 14 (78%) women and 4 men, with a mean age at onset of 33 ± 13.5 years. These were compared with 37 consecutive patients with organic (primary) HFS...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905657/-toxic-encephalopathy-caused-by-liquefied-gas-exposure-report-of-one-case
#14
Luis Cartier R, Andrés Gallardo V
Liquefied hydrocarbon gas, such as propane is considered safe. However there are reports that voluntary exposure to liquefied gas at least could originate hallucinatory states. We report a 20 years old woman who was found in a coma with extensor muscle hypertonia, brisk tendon reflexes and extensor plantar (Babinski) responses after being exposed to propane gas. The brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed lesions in both hippocampi and white matter in the oval center. The patient had a normal oxygen saturation of 98%, a carboxyhemoglobin of 1...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835968/a-case-of-rapid-onset-dystonia-parkinsonism-accompanied-by-pyramidal-tract-impairment
#15
Yanqiu Liu, Yan Lu, Xinqing Zhang, Shuping Xie, Tingting Wang, Tianwen Wu, Chaoyan Wang
BACKGROUND: Rapid-onset dystonia-parkinsonism (RDP) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder that is caused by mutations in the ATP1A3 gene and is characterized by an acute onset of asymmetric dystonia and parkinsonism. To date, fewer than 75 RDP cases have been reported worldwide. Clinical signs of pyramidal tract involvement have been reported in several RDP cases, and none of them included the Babinski sign. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 24-year-old Chinese female with RDP who exhibited a strikingly asymmetric, predominantly dystonic movement disorder with a rostrocaudal gradient of involvement and parkinsonism...
November 11, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823832/the-babinski-sign-a-comprehensive-review
#16
REVIEW
Paurush Ambesh, Vimal Kumar Paliwal, Vijay Shetty, Stephan Kamholz
The Babinski Sign is one of the most clinically relevant diagnostic signs in medicine. Though the plantar reflex is practiced thousands of times across the globe every day, few realize its historical importance. In this narrative review we trace the origins of the Plantar Reflex back in the 19th century, discuss its evolution over time and examine the body of evidence behind the current understanding. State of the art diagnostic modalities like video analysis and electromyography have helped us in dissecting the pathophysiology behind the simple yet beautiful Babinski Sign...
January 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795545/a-symptomatic-case-of-thoracic-vertebral-hemangioma-causing-lower-limb-spastic-paresis
#17
Mohammad Alfawareh, Tariq Alotaibi, Abdallah Labeeb, Ziad Audat
BACKGROUND Despite being the most common tumor of the spine, vertebral hemangioma is rarely symptomatic in adults. In fact, only 0.9-1.2% of all vertebral hemangiomas may be symptomatic. When hemangiomas occur in the thoracic vertebrae, they are more likely to be symptomatic due to the narrow vertebral canal dimensions that mandate more aggressive management prior to the onset of severe neurological sequelae. CASE REPORT An 18-year-old male presented to the emergency room with a one-month history of mild to moderate mid-thoracic back pain, radiating to both lower limbs...
October 31, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785316/pharyngoesophageal-obstruction-on-the-killian-laimer-triangle-by-zenker-s-diverticulum-case-report-and-clinical-significance
#18
Tulio F Leite, Carlos A A Chagas, Lucas A S Pires, Rafael Cisne, Marcio A Babinski
Zenker's diverticulum is a form of esophageal and pharyngeal obstruction located at the Killian-Laimer triangle. It is relatively common in elderly man (seventh or eighth decade of life), and its pathophysiology is not completely understood, albeit theories regarding dysfunction of the upper esophageal sphincter were reported. The main symptoms are dysphagia and odynophagia, but it can complicate to aspiration and perforation of the pharyngeal pouch; also, it can be asymptomatic. Diagnosis is provided through a barium esophagogram...
December 2015: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734002/delayed-surgery-for-aortic-dissection-after-intravenous-thrombolysis-in-acute-ischemic-stroke
#19
Nari Choi, Jee-Eun Yoon, Byoung-Won Park, Won-Ho Chang, Hyun-Jo Kim, Kyung Bok Lee
We report a case of aortic dissection masquerading as acute ischemic stroke followed by intravenous thrombolysis. A 59-year-old man presented with dizziness. After examination, the patient had a seizure with bilateral Babinski signs. Soon after identifying multiple acute infarctions in both hemispheres on diffusion-weighted brain magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) was administered. Both common carotid arteries were invisible on MR angiography, and subsequent chest computed tomography revealed an aortic dissection...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680221/a-case-of-cerebrotendinous-xanthomatosis-mimicking-the-clinical-phenotype-of-mitochondrial-disease-with-a-novel-frame-shift-mutation-c-43_44-delgg-in-cyp27a1-gene-exon-1
#20
Junpei Koge, Shintaro Hayashi, Hiroo Yamaguchi, Takahisa Tateishi, Hiroyuki Murai, Jun-Ichi Kira
A 37-old-male with a history of early childhood mental retardation was admitted to our hospital. He experienced recurrent syncopes at 23 years old, and at age 35 gait disturbance and hearing impairment developed gradually and worsened over time. His grandparents were in a consanguineous marriage. He was of short stature and absent of tendon xanthomas. Neurological examinations revealed scanning speech, dysphagia, right sensorineural hearing loss, spasticity in both upper and lower extremities, and spastic gait...
October 28, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
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