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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793553/world-health-organization-school-mental-health-manual-based-training-for-school-teachers-in-urban-lahore-pakistan-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Nazish Imran, Atif Rahman, Nakhshab Chaudhry, Aftab Asif
BACKGROUND: The teacher's role in school mental health initiatives cannot be overemphasized. Despite global evidence of educational interventions in improving teachers' knowledge and attitudes regarding mental health, this area remains under researched in Pakistan. This paper presents a study protocol of a pilot randomized controlled trial to examine the effectiveness of a teacher training intervention for improving mental health literacy and self-efficacy among school teachers in urban Lahore, Pakistan...
May 24, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771374/our-inner-city-children-inflicted-with-burns-a-retrospective-analysis-of-pediatric-burn-admissions-at-harlem-hospital-ny
#2
Anant Dinesh, Thais Polanco, Khurram Khan, Alexius Ramcharan, Ryan Engdahl
Pediatric burns in the urban environment present special problems. Inner-city communities may be unique with hardships due to various socioeconomic factors. There is lack of literature analyzing pediatric burns in the inner-city, and there has been no report to date reviewing Harlem New York City, one of the most challenged areas in the nation. The aim of this study is to understand the pre-hospital circumstances, socioeconomic factors and management of pediatric burns admitted to our hospital. A retrospective review was performed including all patients aged 0-18 years admitted to the burn care unit from January 2006-May 2017...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756071/improving-the-quality-of-physical-health-monitoring-in-camhs-for-children-and-adolescents-prescribed-medication-for-adhd
#3
Cristal Oxley, Omer S Moghraby, Rani Samuel, Dan W Joyce
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by a persistent, pervasive pattern of inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. Stimulant medication such as methylphenidate has an established evidence base in the treatment of children and adolescents with ADHD. However, it is also associated with a risk of side effects which may include decreased appetite, increased blood pressure and possible reduced growth. Monitoring physical health in children and adolescents prescribed medication for ADHD is a key clinical responsibility and includes a number of parameters as outlined in the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence Guidelines...
2018: BMJ Open Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728757/recurrent-meningitis-in-children-etiologies-outcome-and-lessons-to-learn
#4
Amira Masri, Abeer Alassaf, Najwa Khuri-Bulos, Imad Zaq, Azmy Hadidy, Faris G Bakri
PURPOSE: Recurrent meningitis in children is a rare condition. However, its early recognition is important in order to prevent serious complications. This study aims to review cases of recurrent meningitis in children. METHODS: This is a retrospective study that included children diagnosed with recurrent meningitis and who were followed at child neurology clinic at the Jordan University Hospital from January 2001 to June 2017. RESULTS: Thirteen patients were included (nine males and four females)...
May 4, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722589/evidence-based-pediatric-asthma-interventions-and-outcome-measures-in-a-healthy-homes-program-an-integrative-review
#5
Jeannie K Giese
OBJECTIVE: Asthma disproportionately impacts and has poorer outcomes in low-income, minority, and inner-city children. The home environment has a profound impact on a child's asthma. Home-based asthma visits have the potential to positively impact a child's asthma, especially in targeted populations. The purpose of this integrative review is 1.) to explore the effectiveness of home-based education and environmental measures and 2.) to explore specific indicators and tools to measure pediatric asthma control and program effectiveness...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719348/analysis-of-family-functioning-and-parent-child-relationship-between-adolescents-with-depression-and-their-parents
#6
Qing Chen, Wenyong DU, Yan Gao, Changlin Ma, Chunxia Ban, Fu Meng
Background: Drug therapy combined with family therapy is currently the best treatment for adolescent depression. Nevertheless, family therapy requires an exploration of unresolved problems in the family system, which in practice presents certain difficulties. Previous studies have found that the perceptual differences of family function between parents and children reflect the problems in the family system. Aims: To explore the characteristics and role of family functioning and parent-child relationship between adolescents with depressive disorder and their parents...
December 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672320/correlation-between-preoperative-auditory-steady-state-response-and-postoperative-electrically-evoked-auditory-brainstem-response-and-t-level-in-cochlear-implantation-for-child-patients-with-inner-ear-malformations
#7
Xiao-Feng Qiao, Xin Li, Dong Wang, Tong-Li Li
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the correlation between thresholds of preoperative multiple auditory steady-state response (ASSR) and electrically evoked auditory brainstem response (EABR) and the behavioral threshold. METHODS: A total of 72 patients were elected to receive a multichannel cochlear implant. According to the residual hearing determined in a preoperative test using high-, moderate-, and low-frequency ASSR, these patients were divided into the following 2 groups: residual hearing and hearing loss...
2018: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643463/diagnostic-capacity-of-sd-oct-segmented-ganglion-cell-complex-versus-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-analysis-for-congenital-glaucoma
#8
Laura Morales-Fernandez, Maria Jimenez-Santos, Jose M Martinez-de-la-Casa, Ruben Sanchez-Jean, Maria Nieves, Federico Saenz-Frances, Sofia Garcia-Saenz, Lucia Perucho, Rosario Gomez-de-Liaño, Julian Garcia-Feijoo
PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic performance of circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) analysis versus segmented ganglion cell complex analysis both by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in children with primary congenital glaucoma (PCG). METHODS: Participants were 40 children diagnosed with PCG and 60 healthy children. Ophthalmological data collected (for one eye per child) were cup-disc ratio (C/D) and axial length (AL). SD-OCT with automated segmentation was used to measure the thicknesses and volumes of the macular retinal nerve fiber layer (mRNFL), ganglion cell layer (GCL), and inner plexiform layer (IPL)...
April 12, 2018: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558906/a-white-membrane-beneath-the-inner-limiting-membrane-of-the-retina-in-a-4-year-old-child-with-ultrastructural-evidence-a-case-report
#9
Wenyi Tang, Ruiping Gu, Ting Zhang, Gezhi Xu
BACKGROUND: Epiretinal membranes (ERMs), secondary to retinal cell proliferation on the retinal surface, usually affect patients over 50 years of age but occur rarely in children. Here we report the case of a 4-year-old patient with a unilateral sub-inner limiting membrane (sub-ILM) membrane mimicking epiretinal membrane with notable ultrastructural features indicating its possible origin from old sub-ILM hemorrhage. CASE PRESENTATION: A 4-year-old boy was admitted with the complaint of poor vision in his right eye, which had been detected at school vision screening performed 6 months earlier...
March 20, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549507/simultaneous-determination-of-organophosphorus-pesticides-and-phthalates-in-baby-food-samples-by-ultrasound-vortex-assisted-liquid-liquid-microextraction-and-gc-it-ms
#10
Ivan Notardonato, Elisabetta Salimei, Mario Vincenzo Russo, Pasquale Avino
Baby foods are either a soft, liquid paste or an easily chewed food since babies lack developed muscles and teeth to chew effectively. Babies typically move to consuming baby food once nursing or formula is not sufficient for the child's appetite. Some commercial baby foods have been criticized for their contents. This article focuses on the simultaneous determination of organophosphorus pesticides and phthalates by means of a method based on ultrasound-vortex-assisted liquid-liquid microextraction coupled with gas chromatography-ion trap mass spectrometry (GC-IT/MS)...
May 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540280/improving-care-of-inner-city-children-with-poorly-controlled-asthma-what-mothers-want-you-to-know
#11
Melissa H Bellin, Angelica Newsome, Cassie Lewis-Land, Joan Kub, Shawna S Mudd, Rachel Margolis, Arlene M Butz
INTRODUCTION: Low-income caregiver perspectives on asthma management are understudied but may illuminate strategies to improve care delivery and child outcomes. METHOD: Purposive sampling methods were used to recruit 15 caregivers of children with frequent asthma emergency department visits. Interviews explored how poverty and stress affect asthma management. Grounded theory coding techniques were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Participants were the biological mother (100%) and were poor (75% had mean annual income ≤ $30,000)...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505469/nasal-glioma-a-rare-cause-of-congenital-inner-canthal-swelling
#12
Norman C Charles, Richard D Lisman, Payal Patel, Alison B Callahan
Nasal glioma, encephalocele, and ectopic brain are rare congenital anomalies. The terminology applied to these entities has been historically confusing. In many cases, the terms overlap and may be employed synonymously although some authors emphasize their differences. The authors describe herein a child with an inner canthal mass of brain-like tissue that they interpret as nasal glioma, a variety of encephalocele that has lost its connection to the intracranial contents. This research was conducted in conformity with the Helsinki Declaration and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act regulations...
May 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489543/complex-intraoral-reconstruction-using-a-single-free-anterolateral-thigh-flap-and-supermicrosurgery-after-corrosive-ingestion-in-a-14-month-old-child
#13
Mohammed H El Fahar
Oral chemical burn injuries induce more damage to the underlying tissues with extensive scarring. It is very well known that alkali causes severe liquefaction necrosis and injury to the deeper tissues. Pediatric facial burns must be managed thoroughly and always require complex reconstruction, which is a challenging process. So, any reconstructive surgeon must be aware of all the deformities that may have significant functional and aesthetic impact on the burn survivors especially children. Few medical studies addressed pediatric microsurgical reconstruction for oral burn injuries induced by chemical materials...
May 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488439/useful-life-lessons-for-health-and-well-being-adults-reflections-of-childhood-experiences-illuminate-the-phenomenon-of-the-inner-child
#14
Margareta Sjöblom, Kerstin Öhrling, Catrine Kostenius
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe and gain more knowledge about the phenomenon of the inner child in relation to health and well-being reflected in events during childhood experienced by adults. METHOD: In this hermeneutical phenomenological study, 20 adults, 10 men and 10 women aged 22-68, were interviewed. RESULTS: The analysis of the data illuminated the phenomenon of the inner child in one theme: Gaining useful life lessons through childhood experiences, made up by four sub-themes: Sharing relationships, playing to heal, being strong or frail and supporting the next generation...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457563/novel-use-of-the-cochlear-%C3%A2-hybrid-ci24reh-cochlear-implant
#15
Yahya Atiya, Mohamed Razwi Ahmed, Dani Schlesinger-Michelow
Cochlear implantation is becoming more widespread. From its early days to date, huge strides have been made in the technology and surgical technique. However, one challenge remains: implanting malformed or abnormal cochleae. Even more challenging is a cochlea that appears normal at first glance, but is not. We present a case of a child with chondrodysplasia punctata, who had apparently morphologically normal inner ears, but with one major obstacle: the cochlea was smaller than normal in all dimensions. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case described, and the solution is a novel one as well...
May 2018: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433341/planting-seeds-to-grow-healthy-children-strategic-community-partnerships
#16
Jessica Alicea-Planas, Kelly Sullivan, Hang Tran, Anna Cruz
More than one third of U.S adults are considered obese, and childhood obesity has more than doubled in the past 30 years. Food security can influence obesity, in particular, within inner cities where access to healthy food is often limited. The use of a mobile food truck program (with refrigeration) was implemented in two large inner cities in Connecticut as part of an initiative aimed at helping low-income families with young children gain access to healthy food and nutrition education. Collaborating with community child care centers was used...
February 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429265/-laboratory-based-characterization-and-traceability-of-an-outbreak-of-necrotising-enterocolitis
#17
Y Li, Y P Dong, D Zhang, F Q Li
Objective: Laboratory-based characterization and traceability were performed on an outbreak of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) happened in a maternal and child health care hospital in China. Methods: Thirty-seven samples were collected from 3 NEC cases, that the clinical manifestations was bloody stools. Clostridium spp . isolation and identification were carried out on stool, breast milk, milk-based infant powder and environmental swab samples collected during NEC outbreak from October to November in 2016...
February 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379946/lateral-displacement-of-the-inner-canthi-in-a-child-of-deaf-parents
#18
Valentina Carrato, Sara Lega, Alessandro Ventura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372096/calvarial-tuberculosis-in-a-preschool-aged-child-an-uncommon-entity
#19
Avradip Santra, Arya Sen, Atri Chatterjee
Calvarial tuberculosis is a rare manifestation of tuberculosis, especially in children under five years of age. We report a two-and-a-half-year-old male child who presented to the Nilratan Sircar Medical College, Kolkata, India, in 2015 with frontoparietal fluctuant swelling of three months' duration. He had also had chronic sinus discharge from the left lower eyelid over the previous six months. Computed tomography of the head revealed a frontal swelling along with erosion of both the outer and inner plates of the left frontal bone...
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350689/safety-of-intravitreal-injection-of-ranibizumab-in-early-pregnancy-a-series-of-three-cases
#20
P Fossum, C Couret, B Briend, M Weber, L Lagarce
PurposeRanibizumab is used in the treatment of choroidal neovascularization (CNV). Although systemic exposure to ranibizumab is low after ocular administration, its mechanism of action must be regarded as potentially teratogenic and embryo-fetotoxic. Women are advised to wait 3 months after the last dose of treatment with ranibizumab before conceiving. Little is known about the fetal side-effects of this drug.MethodsThree pregnant women were treated with ranibizumab. One patient had idiopathic CNV.ResultsAfter receiving injections at 10 and 21 weeks after her last menstrual period (LMP), she gave birth to a healthy child...
April 2018: Eye
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