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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672320/correlation-between-preoperative-auditory-steady-state-response-and-postoperative-electrically-evoked-auditory-brainstem-response-and-t-level-in-cochlear-implantation-for-child-patients-with-inner-ear-malformations
#1
Xiao-Feng Qiao, Xin Li, Dong Wang, Tong-Li Li
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the correlation between thresholds of preoperative multiple auditory steady-state response (ASSR) and electrically evoked auditory brainstem response (EABR) and the behavioral threshold. METHODS: A total of 72 patients were elected to receive a multichannel cochlear implant. According to the residual hearing determined in a preoperative test using high-, moderate-, and low-frequency ASSR, these patients were divided into the following 2 groups: residual hearing and hearing loss...
April 19, 2018: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643463/diagnostic-capacity-of-sd-oct-segmented-ganglion-cell-complex-versus-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-analysis-for-congenital-glaucoma
#2
Laura Morales-Fernandez, Maria Jimenez-Santos, Jose M Martinez-de-la-Casa, Ruben Sanchez-Jean, Maria Nieves, Federico Saenz-Frances, Sofia Garcia-Saenz, Lucia Perucho, Rosario Gomez-de-Liaño, Julian Garcia-Feijoo
PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic performance of circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) analysis versus segmented ganglion cell complex analysis both by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in children with primary congenital glaucoma (PCG). METHODS: Participants were 40 children diagnosed with PCG and 60 healthy children. Ophthalmological data collected (for one eye per child) were cup-disc ratio (C/D) and axial length (AL). SD-OCT with automated segmentation was used to measure the thicknesses and volumes of the macular retinal nerve fiber layer (mRNFL), ganglion cell layer (GCL), and inner plexiform layer (IPL)...
April 12, 2018: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558906/a-white-membrane-beneath-the-inner-limiting-membrane-of-the-retina-in-a-4-year-old-child-with-ultrastructural-evidence-a-case-report
#3
Wenyi Tang, Ruiping Gu, Ting Zhang, Gezhi Xu
BACKGROUND: Epiretinal membranes (ERMs), secondary to retinal cell proliferation on the retinal surface, usually affect patients over 50 years of age but occur rarely in children. Here we report the case of a 4-year-old patient with a unilateral sub-inner limiting membrane (sub-ILM) membrane mimicking epiretinal membrane with notable ultrastructural features indicating its possible origin from old sub-ILM hemorrhage. CASE PRESENTATION: A 4-year-old boy was admitted with the complaint of poor vision in his right eye, which had been detected at school vision screening performed 6 months earlier...
March 20, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549507/simultaneous-determination-of-organophosphorus-pesticides-and-phthalates-in-baby-food-samples-by-ultrasound-vortex-assisted-liquid-liquid-microextraction-and-gc-it-ms
#4
Ivan Notardonato, Elisabetta Salimei, Mario Vincenzo Russo, Pasquale Avino
Baby foods are either a soft, liquid paste or an easily chewed food since babies lack developed muscles and teeth to chew effectively. Babies typically move to consuming baby food once nursing or formula is not sufficient for the child's appetite. Some commercial baby foods have been criticized for their contents. This article focuses on the simultaneous determination of organophosphorus pesticides and phthalates by means of a method based on ultrasound-vortex-assisted liquid-liquid microextraction coupled with gas chromatography-ion trap mass spectrometry (GC-IT/MS)...
March 17, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540280/improving-care-of-inner-city-children-with-poorly-controlled-asthma-what-mothers-want-you-to-know
#5
Melissa H Bellin, Angelica Newsome, Cassie Lewis-Land, Joan Kub, Shawna S Mudd, Rachel Margolis, Arlene M Butz
INTRODUCTION: Low-income caregiver perspectives on asthma management are understudied but may illuminate strategies to improve care delivery and child outcomes. METHOD: Purposive sampling methods were used to recruit 15 caregivers of children with frequent asthma emergency department visits. Interviews explored how poverty and stress affect asthma management. Grounded theory coding techniques were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Participants were the biological mother (100%) and were poor (75% had mean annual income ≤ $30,000)...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505469/nasal-glioma-a-rare-cause-of-congenital-inner-canthal-swelling
#6
Norman C Charles, Richard D Lisman, Payal Patel, Alison B Callahan
Nasal glioma, encephalocele, and ectopic brain are rare congenital anomalies. The terminology applied to these entities has been historically confusing. In many cases, the terms overlap and may be employed synonymously although some authors emphasize their differences. The authors describe herein a child with an inner canthal mass of brain-like tissue that they interpret as nasal glioma, a variety of encephalocele that has lost its connection to the intracranial contents. This research was conducted in conformity with the Helsinki Declaration and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act regulations...
March 2, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489543/complex-intraoral-reconstruction-using-a-single-free-anterolateral-thigh-flap-and-supermicrosurgery-after-corrosive-ingestion-in-a-14-month-old-child
#7
Mohammed H El Fahar
Oral chemical burn injuries induce more damage to the underlying tissues with extensive scarring. It is very well known that alkali causes severe liquefaction necrosis and injury to the deeper tissues. Pediatric facial burns must be managed thoroughly and always require complex reconstruction, which is a challenging process. So, any reconstructive surgeon must be aware of all the deformities that may have significant functional and aesthetic impact on the burn survivors especially children. Few medical studies addressed pediatric microsurgical reconstruction for oral burn injuries induced by chemical materials...
February 27, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488439/useful-life-lessons-for-health-and-well-being-adults-reflections-of-childhood-experiences-illuminate-the-phenomenon-of-the-inner-child
#8
Margareta Sjöblom, Kerstin Öhrling, Catrine Kostenius
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe and gain more knowledge about the phenomenon of the inner child in relation to health and well-being reflected in events during childhood experienced by adults. METHOD: In this hermeneutical phenomenological study, 20 adults, 10 men and 10 women aged 22-68, were interviewed. RESULTS: The analysis of the data illuminated the phenomenon of the inner child in one theme: Gaining useful life lessons through childhood experiences, made up by four sub-themes: Sharing relationships, playing to heal, being strong or frail and supporting the next generation...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457563/novel-use-of-the-cochlear-%C3%A2-hybrid-ci24reh-cochlear-implant
#9
Yahya Atiya, Mohamed Razwi Ahmed, Dani Schlesinger-Michelow
Cochlear implantation is becoming more widespread. From its early days to date, huge strides have been made in the technology and surgical technique. However, one challenge remains: implanting malformed or abnormal cochleae. Even more challenging is a cochlea that appears normal at first glance, but is not. We present a case of a child with chondrodysplasia punctata, who had apparently morphologically normal inner ears, but with one major obstacle: the cochlea was smaller than normal in all dimensions. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case described, and the solution is a novel one as well...
May 2018: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433341/planting-seeds-to-grow-healthy-children-strategic-community-partnerships
#10
Jessica Alicea-Planas, Kelly Sullivan, Hang Tran, Anna Cruz
More than one third of U.S adults are considered obese, and childhood obesity has more than doubled in the past 30 years. Food security can influence obesity, in particular, within inner cities where access to healthy food is often limited. The use of a mobile food truck program (with refrigeration) was implemented in two large inner cities in Connecticut as part of an initiative aimed at helping low-income families with young children gain access to healthy food and nutrition education. Collaborating with community child care centers was used...
February 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429265/-laboratory-based-characterization-and-traceability-of-an-outbreak-of-necrotising-enterocolitis
#11
Y Li, Y P Dong, D Zhang, F Q Li
Objective: Laboratory-based characterization and traceability were performed on an outbreak of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) happened in a maternal and child health care hospital in China. Methods: Thirty-seven samples were collected from 3 NEC cases, that the clinical manifestations was bloody stools. Clostridium spp . isolation and identification were carried out on stool, breast milk, milk-based infant powder and environmental swab samples collected during NEC outbreak from October to November in 2016...
February 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379946/lateral-displacement-of-the-inner-canthi-in-a-child-of-deaf-parents
#12
Valentina Carrato, Sara Lega, Alessandro Ventura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372096/calvarial-tuberculosis-in-a-preschool-aged-child-an-uncommon-entity
#13
Avradip Santra, Arya Sen, Atri Chatterjee
Calvarial tuberculosis is a rare manifestation of tuberculosis, especially in children under five years of age. We report a two-and-a-half-year-old male child who presented to the Nilratan Sircar Medical College, Kolkata, India, in 2015 with frontoparietal fluctuant swelling of three months' duration. He had also had chronic sinus discharge from the left lower eyelid over the previous six months. Computed tomography of the head revealed a frontal swelling along with erosion of both the outer and inner plates of the left frontal bone...
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350689/safety-of-intravitreal-injection-of-ranibizumab-in-early-pregnancy-a-series-of-three-cases
#14
P Fossum, C Couret, B Briend, M Weber, L Lagarce
PurposeRanibizumab is used in the treatment of choroidal neovascularization (CNV). Although systemic exposure to ranibizumab is low after ocular administration, its mechanism of action must be regarded as potentially teratogenic and embryo-fetotoxic. Women are advised to wait 3 months after the last dose of treatment with ranibizumab before conceiving. Little is known about the fetal side-effects of this drug.MethodsThree pregnant women were treated with ranibizumab. One patient had idiopathic CNV.ResultsAfter receiving injections at 10 and 21 weeks after her last menstrual period (LMP), she gave birth to a healthy child...
April 2018: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309846/parental-perspectives-of-barriers-to-physical-activity-in-urban-schoolchildren-with-asthma
#15
Amy Kornblit, Agnieszka Cain, Laurie J Bauman, Nicole M Brown, Marina Reznik
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) levels are low in today's youth and may even be lower in those with asthma. Barriers to PA have not been well studied in inner-city minority children with asthma. We conducted a qualitative study to characterize parental perceptions of barriers to PA and ways to improve PA levels in children with asthma. METHODS: We used the socioecologic model to inform development of our interview guide. Questions fell into 2 socioecologic model domains: interpersonal (parent, family) barriers and community (neighborhood, school) barriers...
April 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304827/inequality-of-obstetric-and-gynaecological-workforce-distribution-in-china
#16
Zhenghong Ren, Peige Song, Xinlei Chang, Jiawen Wang, Lin An
BACKGROUND: Women's health is defined as a continuum throughout their whole lives. In China, women receive life-round preventative and curative health care from the health system, although the universal access to reproductive health has already been basically achieved in China, the situation of women's access to curative health care is still unknown. METHODS: Data from the national maternal and child health human resource investigation were analysed. Lorenz curves, Gini coefficients, and Theil L indexes were drawn and calculated to reflect the inequality...
January 5, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258533/incidental-branch-retinal-artery-occlusion-on-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-presenting-as-segmental-optic-atrophy-in-a-child-a-case-report
#17
Ji Hyung Choi, Hee Kyung Yang, Ji Eun Lee
BACKGROUND: Retinal artery occlusion is extremely rare in the pediatric population and most patients have risk factors. We report a case of a healthy child with segmental optic atrophy, complicated by incidental branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO). CASE PRESENTATION: A 10-year-old boy who had a history of his mother's gestational diabetes presented with an inferonasal visual field defect in the left eye. His best-corrected visual acuities were 20/20 in both eyes (OU)...
December 19, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229682/pediatric-injuries-related-to-window-blinds-shades-and-cords
#18
Bridget Onders, Eun Hye Kim, Thitphalak Chounthirath, Nichole L Hodges, Gary A Smith
OBJECTIVES: To provide an epidemiologic description of fatal and nonfatal window blind-related injuries among US children younger than 6 years of age. METHODS: Data from the Consumer Product Safety Commission's National Electronic Injury Surveillance System and In-Depth Investigation (IDI) databases were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: From 1990 to 2015, there were an estimated 16 827 (95% confidence interval: 13 732-19 922) window blind-related injuries among children younger than 6 years of age treated in emergency departments in the United States, corresponding to an injury rate of 2...
January 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204103/single-mothering-as-experienced-by-burundian-refugees-in-australia-a-qualitative-inquiry
#19
Lily P Tsai, Jennieffer A Barr, Anthony Welch
Background: Refugee mothers have fled from their homeland to escape persecutions with their children only to find other threats to their well-being in the new country. Building on previous research, it is known that being a new immigrant is challenging and requires adaptation. The adaptation process, known as acculturation, may not be successful leading to psychological distress. It is also known that a generation gap can occur when children acculturate faster than their parents. What was lacking was understanding about the experiences of single refugee mothers...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167623/bioresorbable-vascular-scaffold-stent-delivered-to-tortuous-lesions-by-using-the-five-in-six-system
#20
Wen-Jung Chung, Hsiu-Yu Fang, Chiung-Jen Wu
A 5Fr ST01, which is a straight-tip guiding catheter with an inner lumen of 1.5 mm, is frequently used to perform the "child-in-mother" technique, which is also referred to as the "5-in-6" technique. A 6Fr or larger size guiding catheter can facilitate bioresorbable everolimus-eluting vascular scaffold (BVS) delivery. For tortuous lesions, the 5-in-6 technique can facilitate balloon catheters and the BVS in crossing tortuous lesions by increasing the back-up support. However, this maneuver couldn't be used for the larger size of BVS like 3...
November 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
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