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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178101/iatrogenic-intradiploic-epidermoid-cyst-following-strip-craniectomy-for-sagittal-craniosynostosis
#1
Michael T Friel, Joaquin Hidalgo, J Mason Shiflett
INTRODUCTION: The increased incidence and success of strip craniectomy with postoperative helmet therapy in the treatment of sagittal craniosynostosis has been documented by multiple centers throughout the country and world. The authors report a child with a postoperative implantation intradiploic epidermoid cyst following a strip craniectomy, a complication, that to our knowledge, has not been reported. METHODS: This clinical report involves a 3-year-old boy with a scaphocephalic appearance who was transferred to our center following an interstate adoption...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144385/scalloping-characteristics-in-a-patient-with-extra-cranial-hemangioma
#2
Amit Agrawal, Ranjan K Jena, Umamaheswara Reddy
Infantile hemangiomas are the most common benign tumors of infancy and childhood with a reported incidence of 4% to 10% in infants. We report of a 9 year-old male child with a history of progressively increasing swelling over the right eyebrow region. The lesion was present since childhood; however, it increased in in size over the previous 3-4 months. The CT scan showed scalloping over the right supra-orbital ridge with an intact bone. The child underwent total excision of the lesion. A characteristic scalloping seen on imaging (depression in the outer or inner table of the skull) can help differentiate lesions of extracranial and intracranial origins...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092313/surgical-management-of-tractional-retinoschisis-associated-with-vitreous-hemorrhage-in-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#3
Bozho Todorich, Aristomenis Thanos, Yoshihiro Yonekawa, Edward Korot, Michael T Trese, Kimberly A Drenser, Antonio Capone
PURPOSE: The tractional retinoschisis is a poorly understood, rare, and likely underappreciated entity in retinopathy of prematurity. The purpose of this article is to describe clinical findings and surgical management of tractional retinoschisis in retinopathy of prematurity, masquerading as Stage 4 retinopathy of prematurity retinal detachment. METHODS: A retrospective review of a single case with literature review and case discussion. RESULTS: In this report, we describe a child with retinopathy of prematurity and tractional schisis, who initially presented with vitreous hemorrhage and was effectively managed by vitrectomy and inner wall retinectomy...
January 13, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042761/-coercive-measures-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#4
Silke C Rabe, Jörg M Fegert, Ulrich Krüger, Michael Kölch
Coercive Measures in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry To keep the use of coercive measures in child and adolescent psychiatry low or reduce them completely, there needs to be a specific knowledge of the starting point. The study provides an overview of the current situation using a systematic literature review of published studies from the European and the outer European regions between 2005 and 2015. In summary only twelve publications addressed the topic, differentiated in four studies from inner and eight studies from outer European countries...
January 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040097/hospital-based-multidisciplinary-youth-mentoring-and-medical-exposure-program-positively-influences-and-reinforces-health-care-career-choice-the-reach-one-each-one-program-early-experience
#5
Omar K Danner, Carl Lokko, Felicia Mobley, Montreka Dansby, Michael Maze, Brene' Bradley, Elizabeth Williams, Leslie Ray Matthews, Emma Harrington, Lisa Mack, Clarence Clark, Ken Wilson, Derrick Beech, Sheryl Heron, Ed Childs
BACKGROUND: According to the National Center for Educational Statistics, underrepresented minorities (URMs) are more likely to leave science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields at higher rates than their peers during undergraduate studies. Many institutions of higher learning have implemented pipeline programs aimed at preparing and inspiring high school and college aged students in select careers in health sciences with varying levels of success. Research has shown that a health care workforce that mirrors the community they serve is more effective in reducing health disparities and increasing positive health outcomes...
December 14, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955875/asthma-home-management-in-the-inner-city-what-can-the-children-teach-us
#6
Melissa H Bellin, Angelica Newsome, Cassie Land, Joan Kub, Shawna S Mudd, Mary Elizabeth Bollinger, Arlene M Butz
OBJECTIVE: Knowledge of asthma home management from the perspective of poor, minority children with asthma is limited. METHOD: Convenience sampling methods were used to recruit families of low-income children who are frequently in the emergency department for uncontrolled asthma. Thirteen youths participated in focus groups designed to elicit reflections on asthma home management. Data were analyzed using grounded theory coding techniques. RESULTS: Participants (Mean age = 9...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935468/interdural-cavernous-sinus-dermoid-cyst-in-a-child-case-report
#7
Flavio Giordano, Giacomo Peri, Giacomo M Bacci, Massimo Basile, Azzurra Guerra, Patrizia Bergonzini, Anna Maria Buccoliero, Barbara Spacca, Lorenzo Iughetti, PierArturo Donati, Lorenzo Genitori
Interdural dermoid cysts (DCs) of the cavernous sinus (CS), located between the outer (dural) and inner layer (membranous) of the CS lateral wall, are rare lesions in children. The authors report on a 5-year-old boy with third cranial nerve palsy and exophthalmos who underwent gross-total removal of an interdural DC of the right CS via a frontotemporal approach. The patient had a good outcome and no recurrence at the 12-month follow-up. To the best of the authors' knowledge this is the second pediatric case of interdural DC described in the literature...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894381/understanding-barriers-to-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-in-the-australian-longitudinal-study-of-indigenous-children-a-mixed-methods-approach
#8
Katherine Ann Thurber, Cathy Banwell, Teresa Neeman, Timothy Dobbins, Melanie Pescud, Raymond Lovett, Emily Banks
OBJECTIVE: To identify barriers to fruit and vegetable intake for Indigenous Australian children and quantify factors related to these barriers, to help understand why children do not meet recommendations for fruit and vegetable intake. DESIGN: We examined factors related to carer-reported barriers using multilevel Poisson models (robust variance); a key informant focus group guided our interpretation of findings. SETTING: Eleven diverse sites across Australia...
November 29, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894316/dietary-patterns-in-obese-pregnant-women-influence-of-a-behavioral-intervention-of-diet-and-physical-activity-in-the-upbeat-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Angela C Flynn, Paul T Seed, Nashita Patel, Suzanne Barr, Ruth Bell, Annette L Briley, Keith M Godfrey, Scott M Nelson, Eugene Oteng-Ntim, Sian M Robinson, Thomas A Sanders, Naveed Sattar, Jane Wardle, Lucilla Poston, Louise M Goff
BACKGROUND: Understanding dietary patterns in obese pregnant women will inform future intervention strategies to improve pregnancy outcomes and the health of the child. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a behavioral intervention of diet and physical activity advice on dietary patterns in obese pregnant woman participating in the UPBEAT study, and to explore associations of dietary patterns with pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: In the UPBEAT randomized controlled trial, pregnant obese women from eight UK multi-ethnic, inner-city populations were randomly assigned to receive a diet/physical activity intervention or standard antenatal care...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788877/parental-decision-making-associated-with-pediatric-emergency-department-use-for-asthma
#10
Shawna S Mudd, C Jean Ogborn, Mary Elizabeth Bollinger, Tricia Morphew, Joan Kub, Cassie Lewis-Land, Melissa H Bellin, Arlene Butz
BACKGROUND: Disadvantaged minority children are disproportionately affected by asthma. This group is also known to frequently use the emergency department (ED) for asthma care. Understanding decisions for use of the ED is important to prevent high cost. OBJECTIVE: To examine caregiver factors associated with the decision to use the ED for asthma care in inner-city children with asthma. METHODS: One hundred fifty participants in a randomized clinical trial testing the effectiveness of a home-based asthma intervention were enrolled, and questionnaires were administered to caregivers during the child's ED asthma visit...
November 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779564/x-linked-malformation-and-cochlear-implantation
#11
Henrik Smeds, Jeremy Wales, Filip Asp, Ulrika Löfkvist, Babak Falahat, Britt-Marie Anderlid, Lena Anmyr, Eva Karltorp
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if cochlear implantation is safe and constitutes an option for hearing rehabilitation of children with x-linked inner ear malformation. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective patient review in combination with a multidisciplinary follow-up. SETTING: Tertiary referral hospital and cochlear implant program. PATIENTS: Ten children with severe-profound mixed hearing loss and radiological findings consistent with Incomplete Partition type 3 cochlear malformation received cochlear implants during the years 2007 to 2015...
January 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770691/school-environments-and-social-risk-factors-for-child-pedestrian-motor-vehicle-collisions-a-case-control-study
#12
Linda Rothman, Andrew Howard, Ron Buliung, Colin Macarthur, Sarah A Richmond, Alison Macpherson
BACKGROUND: Child pedestrian-motor vehicle collisions (PMVCs) have decreased in Canada in the past 20 years. Many believe this trend is explained by the rise in automobile use for all travel. Initiatives to increase walking to school need to consider PMVC risk. Potential risk factors related to walking to school, the built environment and social factors were examined for schools with historically high child PMVC rates. METHODS: Child PMVCs (age 4-12 years) from 2000 to 2013 and built environment features were mapped within school attendance boundaries in the City of Toronto, Canada...
January 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749295/difficulty-inserting-cuffed-endotracheal-tubes-in-a-child
#13
Keiko Imai, Taku Doi, Kenji Kayashima
We experienced difficulty inserting cuffed inner diameter (ID) 4.5- and 5.0-mm endotracheal tubes (ETTs) in a 5-year-old boy. Postoperative ultrasound investigations showed that the internal transverse width of the cricoid cartilage was 8.0 mm. The maximum outer diameter (OD) of the deflated cuff portion of the cuffed ID 4.5- and 5.0-mm ETTs was 8.5 and 9.6 mm, respectively. The OD of an uncuffed ID 5.5-mm ETT was 7.6 mm; this tube passed the cricoid cartilage. Hence, the transverse width of the cricoid cartilage and ETT diameter including cuff folds should be considered when selecting cuffed ETTs...
October 5, 2016: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709744/risk-factors-for-dating-violence-versus-cohabiting-violence-results-from-the-third-generation-of-the-cambridge-study-in-delinquent-development
#14
Delphine Theobald, David P Farrington, Maria M Ttofi, Rebecca V Crago
BACKGROUND: Dating violence is an important problem. Evidence suggests that women are more likely to perpetrate dating violence. AIMS: The present study investigates the prevalence of dating violence compared with cohabiting violence in a community sample of men and women and assesses to what extent child and adolescent explanatory factors predict this behaviour. A secondary aim is to construct a risk score for dating violence based on the strongest risk factors...
October 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666405/asthma-in-children-of-caribbean-descent-living-in-the-inner-city-comparing-puerto-rican-and-afro-caribbean-children
#15
Dara M Steinberg, Denise Serebrisky, Jonathan M Feldman
Ethnic minority children bear a disproportionate amount of the US asthma burden. We compared asthma morbidity and pulmonary function (%FEV1) in two Caribbean groups living in the Bronx, NY: Puerto Rican and Afro-Caribbean children. Caregiver-child dyads (Puerto Rican: n = 113, M age = 9.89 ± 2.05; Afro-Caribbean: n = 47, Mage = 10.35 ± 2.08) responded to sociodemographic and asthma-related questions, and children's %FEV1 was measured. Puerto Rican children had significantly greater (past year) asthma morbidity, yet there were no significant differences in %FEV1...
September 25, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624608/web-based-prevention-of-parenting-difficulties-in-young-urban-mothers-enrolled-in-post-secondary-education
#16
Miriam K Ehrensaft, Heather M Knous-Westfall, Thailyn Lopez Alonso
Research consistently indicates that young mothers are at elevated risk for adverse social and economic risks. Recent attention has been paid to the value of maternal educational attainment for their children's economic and social outcomes. Pursuit of post-secondary education requires mothers to balance multiple roles, potentially stressing the parent-child relationship. Yet, almost no studies have addressed parenting and associated stress in young mothers enrolled in post-secondary education, and no preventive intervention trials have been conducted...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624529/grade-of-the-inner-cell-mass-but-not-trophectoderm-predicts-live-birth-in-fresh-blastocyst-single-transfers
#17
Jessica Subira, Jo Craig, Karen Turner, Aysha Bevan, Eric Ohuma, Enda McVeigh, Tim Child, Muhammad Fatum
Debate continues over which morphological parameter is most important in selecting blastocysts for transfer. We aimed to investigate which parameter more accurately predicts the occurrence of a live birth by designing a retrospective cohort study of 1084 fresh elective single blastocyst transfers. Primary outcome was live birth rate (LBR) and secondary outcomes were implantation, clinical pregnancy and early pregnancy loss rates. Blastocyst expansion and inner cell mass (ICM), but not trophoectoderm, were associated with LBR in the definitive multivariable regression analysis...
December 2016: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594723/reading-and-math-achievement-among-low-income-urban-latino-youth-the-role-of-immigration
#18
Katarina Guttmannova
Using data from a household-based, stratified random sample of youth and their caregivers from low-income inner-city neighborhoods, this study examined the variability in the academic achievement of Latino youth. The results indicate a significant advantage in reading achievement for first- and second-generation immigrant youth, as compared to the third generation, which persisted even after controlling for important child, parenting, human capital, neighborhood, and demographic covariates. Follow-up analyses within the subsample of the first- and second-generation youth indicate that more recent arrival to the U...
February 2016: American Journal of Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559212/client-self-management-promoting-self-help-for-parents-of-children-in-foster-care
#19
Bjørn Øystein Angel
Drawing upon Foucault's concepts of power, this article shows how a course given to parents whose children are in foster-care encourages a particular form of self-management-most notably, that their internal dialogues must be altered so that the parents can view themselves as people in control of their behaviour who are in a position to choose new behaviour. The article is based on a qualitative study conducted in Norway and centres on the support and development of participants in the course. Study results show increased self-confidence and self-respect in the participants, both as individuals and as parents...
June 2016: British Journal of Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504475/from-first-to-latest-imaging-technology-revisiting-the-first-mummy-investigated-with-x-ray-in-1896-by-using-dual-source-computed-tomography
#20
REVIEW
Stephanie Zesch, Stephanie Panzer, Wilfried Rosendahl, John W Nance, Stefan O Schönberg, Thomas Henzler
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to systematically reinvestigate the first human mummy that was ever analyzed with X-ray imaging in 1896, using dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) in order to compare the earliest and latest imaging technologies, to estimate preservation, age at death, sex, anatomical variants, paleopathological findings, mummification, embalming and wrapping of the child mummy from ancient Egypt. Radiocarbon dating was used to determine the mummy's age and to specify the child's living period in the Egyptian chronology...
2016: European Journal of Radiology Open
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