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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433341/planting-seeds-to-grow-healthy-children-strategic-community-partnerships
#1
Jessica Alicea-Planas, Kelly Sullivan, Hang Tran, Anna Cruz
More than one third of U.S adults are considered obese, and childhood obesity has more than doubled in the past 30 years. Food security can influence obesity, in particular, within inner cities where access to healthy food is often limited. The use of a mobile food truck program (with refrigeration) was implemented in two large inner cities in Connecticut as part of an initiative aimed at helping low-income families with young children gain access to healthy food and nutrition education. Collaborating with community child care centers was used...
February 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429265/-laboratory-based-characterization-and-traceability-of-an-outbreak-of-necrotising-enterocolitis
#2
Y Li, Y P Dong, D Zhang, F Q Li
Objective: Laboratory-based characterization and traceability were performed on an outbreak of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) happened in a maternal and child health care hospital in China. Methods: Thirty-seven samples were collected from 3 NEC cases, that the clinical manifestations was bloody stools. Clostridium spp . isolation and identification were carried out on stool, breast milk, milk-based infant powder and environmental swab samples collected during NEC outbreak from October to November in 2016...
February 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379946/lateral-displacement-of-the-inner-canthi-in-a-child-of-deaf-parents
#3
Valentina Carrato, Sara Lega, Alessandro Ventura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 29, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372096/calvarial-tuberculosis-in-a-preschool-aged-child-an-uncommon-entity
#4
Avradip Santra, Arya Sen, Atri Chatterjee
Calvarial tuberculosis is a rare manifestation of tuberculosis, especially in children under five years of age. We report a two-and-a-half-year-old male child who presented to the Nilratan Sircar Medical College, Kolkata, India, in 2015 with frontoparietal fluctuant swelling of three months' duration. He had also had chronic sinus discharge from the left lower eyelid over the previous six months. Computed tomography of the head revealed a frontal swelling along with erosion of both the outer and inner plates of the left frontal bone...
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350689/safety-of-intravitreal-injection-of-ranibizumab-in-early-pregnancy-a-series-of-three-cases
#5
P Fossum, C Couret, B Briend, M Weber, L Lagarce
PurposeRanibizumab is used in the treatment of choroidal neovascularization (CNV). Although systemic exposure to ranibizumab is low after ocular administration, its mechanism of action must be regarded as potentially teratogenic and embryo-fetotoxic. Women are advised to wait 3 months after the last dose of treatment with ranibizumab before conceiving. Little is known about the fetal side-effects of this drug.MethodsThree pregnant women were treated with ranibizumab. One patient had idiopathic CNV.ResultsAfter receiving injections at 10 and 21 weeks after her last menstrual period (LMP), she gave birth to a healthy child...
January 19, 2018: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309846/barriers-to-physical-activity-in-urban-school-children-with-asthma-parental-perspective
#6
Amy Kornblit, Agnieszka Cain, Laurie J Bauman, Nicole Brown, Marina Reznik
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) levels are low in today's youth and may even be lower in those with asthma. Barriers to PA have not been well studied in inner-city, minority children with asthma. We conducted a qualitative study to characterize parental perceptions of barriers to PA and ways to improve PA levels in children with asthma. METHODS: We used the socio-ecological model (SEM) to inform development of our interview guide. Questions fell into two SEM domains: 1) interpersonal (parent, family) barriers and 2) community (neighborhood, school) barriers...
January 5, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304827/inequality-of-obstetric-and-gynaecological-workforce-distribution-in-china
#7
Zhenghong Ren, Peige Song, Xinlei Chang, Jiawen Wang, Lin An
BACKGROUND: Women's health is defined as a continuum throughout their whole lives. In China, women receive life-round preventative and curative health care from the health system, although the universal access to reproductive health has already been basically achieved in China, the situation of women's access to curative health care is still unknown. METHODS: Data from the national maternal and child health human resource investigation were analysed. Lorenz curves, Gini coefficients, and Theil L indexes were drawn and calculated to reflect the inequality...
January 5, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258533/incidental-branch-retinal-artery-occlusion-on-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-presenting-as-segmental-optic-atrophy-in-a-child-a-case-report
#8
Ji Hyung Choi, Hee Kyung Yang, Ji Eun Lee
BACKGROUND: Retinal artery occlusion is extremely rare in the pediatric population and most patients have risk factors. We report a case of a healthy child with segmental optic atrophy, complicated by incidental branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO). CASE PRESENTATION: A 10-year-old boy who had a history of his mother's gestational diabetes presented with an inferonasal visual field defect in the left eye. His best-corrected visual acuities were 20/20 in both eyes (OU)...
December 19, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229682/pediatric-injuries-related-to-window-blinds-shades-and-cords
#9
Bridget Onders, Eun Hye Kim, Thitphalak Chounthirath, Nichole L Hodges, Gary A Smith
OBJECTIVES: To provide an epidemiologic description of fatal and nonfatal window blind-related injuries among US children younger than 6 years of age. METHODS: Data from the Consumer Product Safety Commission's National Electronic Injury Surveillance System and In-Depth Investigation (IDI) databases were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: From 1990 to 2015, there were an estimated 16 827 (95% confidence interval: 13 732-19 922) window blind-related injuries among children younger than 6 years of age treated in emergency departments in the United States, corresponding to an injury rate of 2...
January 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204103/single-mothering-as-experienced-by-burundian-refugees-in-australia-a-qualitative-inquiry
#10
Lily P Tsai, Jennieffer A Barr, Anthony Welch
Background: Refugee mothers have fled from their homeland to escape persecutions with their children only to find other threats to their well-being in the new country. Building on previous research, it is known that being a new immigrant is challenging and requires adaptation. The adaptation process, known as acculturation, may not be successful leading to psychological distress. It is also known that a generation gap can occur when children acculturate faster than their parents. What was lacking was understanding about the experiences of single refugee mothers...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167623/bioresorbable-vascular-scaffold-stent-delivered-to-tortuous-lesions-by-using-the-five-in-six-system
#11
Wen-Jung Chung, Hsiu-Yu Fang, Chiung-Jen Wu
A 5Fr ST01, which is a straight-tip guiding catheter with an inner lumen of 1.5 mm, is frequently used to perform the "child-in-mother" technique, which is also referred to as the "5-in-6" technique. A 6Fr or larger size guiding catheter can facilitate bioresorbable everolimus-eluting vascular scaffold (BVS) delivery. For tortuous lesions, the 5-in-6 technique can facilitate balloon catheters and the BVS in crossing tortuous lesions by increasing the back-up support. However, this maneuver couldn't be used for the larger size of BVS like 3...
November 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111227/african-american-males-in-chicago-pathways-from-early-childhood-intervention-to-reduced-violence
#12
Alison Giovanelli, Momoko Hayakawa, Michelle M Englund, Arthur J Reynolds
PURPOSE: Extreme youth violence is a salient public health crisis in Chicago, particularly among African-American males. This article examines mechanisms through which a preschool intervention program, the Child-Parent Center program, in inner-city Chicago may divert high-risk males from pathways leading to violent criminal behavior. METHODS: We conducted a path analysis from early environmental factors to socioemotional competencies through parent involvement and achievement to violent arrest in emerging adulthood...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106869/check-list-for-the-assessment-of-functional-impairment-in-children-with-congenital-aural-atresia
#13
Silvia Montino, Anna Agostinelli, Patrizia Trevisi, Alessandro Martini, Sara Ghiselli
OBJECTIVES: Congenital Aural Atresia (CAA) is a deformity of the external ear and it is commonly associated with malformations of middle and inner ear and, in some cases, with other facial deformities. Very few assessment measures exist for evaluating the functional impairment in children with CAA. Purpose of this study is to introduce and describe an assessment Checklist, (nominated FOS Checklist) that covers feeding abilities (F), oralmotor skills (O), communication/language development (S) in children with CAA...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025171/-the-impact-of-macular-development-on-full-field-and-multifocal-erg-in-extremely-preterm-born-children-with-and-without-acute-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#14
Wadim Bowl, Silke Schweinfurth, Kerstin Holve, Knut Stieger, Birgit Lorenz, Monika Andrassi-Darida
Introduction Retinal development is a complex process that can continue into early childhood and beyond. Prematurity can affect the maturation of the central retina, characterised by a flatter foveal pit and overlying inner retinal layers (IRL), leading to a disturbed ratio of outer retinal layers to IRL ("macular developmental arrest": MDA) and functional impairment (Bowl et al. 2016 18). The purpose of this study was to correlate functional results by electrophysiology with the morphological appearance of the fovea in children with spontaneously regressed and without ROP and term-born age-matched controls...
October 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947872/research-supported-intervention-and-discretion-among-frontline-workers-implementing-home-visitation-services
#15
Cathleen E Willging, Elise M Trott, Danielle Fettes, Lara Gunderson, Amy E Green, Roseann Myers, Michael S Hurlburt, Gregory A Aarons
OBJECTIVE: We examine how frontline workers and supervisors delivering a research supported intervention (RSI) to reduce child neglect negotiated system-related challenges, the pragmatics of RSI implementation, and their professional identities and relationships with clients. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews, small group discussions, and focus groups with frontline workers and supervisors in one large county over two time periods. We used iterative coding to analyze qualitative data...
October 2017: Research on Social Work Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945450/a-good-daddy
#16
Ruth Kannai
This personal narrative presents the imagined inner dialogue of my father, when caring for me as a young sickly child. It is a compassionate exercise in attempting to understand the remote inner emotional world of my father, a Holocaust survivor, as he contended with my ongoing medical challenges that perhaps triggered his traumatic memories from the war. I am the daughter who eventually grew up to be a physician herself. (PsycINFO Database Record
September 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922974/the-achilles-heel-of-prevention-to-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-protocol-implementation-uptake-and-sustainability
#17
Violeta J Rodriguez, Richard P LaCabe, C Kyle Privette, K Marie Douglass, Karl Peltzer, Gladys Matseke, Audrey Mathebula, Shandir Ramlagan, Sibusiso Sifunda, Guillermo Willy Prado, Viviana Horigian, Stephen M Weiss, Deborah L Jones
The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS proposed to reduce the vertical transmission of HIV from ∼72,200 to ∼8300 newly infected children by 2015 in South Africa (SA). However, cultural, infrastructural, and socio-economic barriers hinder the implementation of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) protocol, and research on potential solutions to address these barriers in rural areas is particularly limited. This study sought to identify challenges and solutions to the implementation, uptake, and sustainability of the PMTCT protocol in rural SA...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904675/von-willebrand-s-disease-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#18
REVIEW
Hanae Echahdi, Brahim El Hasbaoui, Mohamed El Khorassani, Aomar Agadr, Mohamed Khattab
Von Willebrand Disease (VWD) is the most common human inherited bleeding disorder due to a defect of Von Willebrand Factor (VWF), which a glycoprotein crucial for platelet adhesion to the subendothelium after vascular injury. VWD include quantitative defects of VWF, either partial (type 1 with VWF levels < 50 IU/dL) or virtually total (type 3 with undetectable VWF levels) and also qualitative defects of VWF (type 2 variants with discrepant antigenic and functional VWF levels). The most bleeding forms of VWD usually do not concern type 1 patients with the mildest VWF defects (VWF levels between 30 and 50IU/dL)...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899139/moving-from-within-the-maternal-the-choreography-of-analytic-eroticism
#19
Dianne Elise
With Kristeva's concept of maternal eroticism (2014) as starting point, the "multiverse" of mother/child erotic sensibilities-the dance of the semiotic chora-is explored and a parallel engagement proposed within the analytic dyad. The dance of psychoanalysis is not the creative product of the patient's mind alone. Clinical work invites, requires, a choreographic engagement by the clinician in interplay with the patient. The clinician's analytic activity is thus akin to choreography: the structuring of a dance, or of a session, expresses an inner impulse brought into narrative form...
February 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888496/-mission-impossible-the-mothering-of-a-child-with-type-1-diabetes-from-the-perspective-of-mothers-experiencing-burnout
#20
Caisa Lindström, Jan Åman, Annika Lindahl Norberg, Maria Forssberg, Agneta Anderzén-Carlsson
PURPOSE: To explore how mothers experiencing burnout describe their mothering of a child with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), with a focus on their experienced need for control and self-esteem. METHODS: This study used a qualitative, descriptive design and aimed to reveal the experience of mothering a child with diabetes when experiencing burnout. Twenty-one mothers of children with T1DM who were experiencing burnout participated in this study. Data were collected via semi-structured interviews, and content analysis was performed...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
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