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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025171/-the-impact-of-macular-development-on-full-field-and-multifocal-erg-in-extremely-preterm-born-children-with-and-without-acute-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#1
Wadim Bowl, Silke Schweinfurth, Kerstin Holve, Knut Stieger, Birgit Lorenz, Monika Andrassi-Darida
Introduction Retinal development is a complex process that can continue into early childhood and beyond. Prematurity can affect the maturation of the central retina, characterised by a flatter foveal pit and overlying inner retinal layers (IRL), leading to a disturbed ratio of outer retinal layers to IRL ("macular developmental arrest": MDA) and functional impairment (Bowl et al. 2016 18). The purpose of this study was to correlate functional results by electrophysiology with the morphological appearance of the fovea in children with spontaneously regressed and without ROP and term-born age-matched controls...
October 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947872/research-supported-intervention-and-discretion-among-frontline-workers-implementing-home-visitation-services
#2
Cathleen E Willging, Elise M Trott, Danielle Fettes, Lara Gunderson, Amy E Green, Roseann Myers, Michael S Hurlburt, Gregory A Aarons
OBJECTIVE: We examine how frontline workers and supervisors delivering a research supported intervention (RSI) to reduce child neglect negotiated system-related challenges, the pragmatics of RSI implementation, and their professional identities and relationships with clients. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews, small group discussions, and focus groups with frontline workers and supervisors in one large county over two time periods. We used iterative coding to analyze qualitative data...
October 2017: Research on Social Work Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945450/a-good-daddy
#3
Ruth Kannai
This personal narrative presents the imagined inner dialogue of my father, when caring for me as a young sickly child. It is a compassionate exercise in attempting to understand the remote inner emotional world of my father, a Holocaust survivor, as he contended with my ongoing medical challenges that perhaps triggered his traumatic memories from the war. I am the daughter who eventually grew up to be a physician herself. (PsycINFO Database Record
September 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922974/the-achilles-heel-of-prevention-to-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-protocol-implementation-uptake-and-sustainability
#4
Violeta J Rodriguez, Richard P LaCabe, C Kyle Privette, K Marie Douglass, Karl Peltzer, Gladys Matseke, Audrey Mathebula, Shandir Ramlagan, Sibusiso Sifunda, Guillermo Willy Prado, Viviana Horigian, Stephen M Weiss, Deborah L Jones
The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS proposed to reduce the vertical transmission of HIV from ∼72,200 to ∼8300 newly infected children by 2015 in South Africa (SA). However, cultural, infrastructural, and socio-economic barriers hinder the implementation of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) protocol, and research on potential solutions to address these barriers in rural areas is particularly limited. This study sought to identify challenges and solutions to the implementation, uptake, and sustainability of the PMTCT protocol in rural SA...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904675/von-willebrand-s-disease-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#5
REVIEW
Hanae Echahdi, Brahim El Hasbaoui, Mohamed El Khorassani, Aomar Agadr, Mohamed Khattab
Von Willebrand Disease (VWD) is the most common human inherited bleeding disorder due to a defect of Von Willebrand Factor (VWF), which a glycoprotein crucial for platelet adhesion to the subendothelium after vascular injury. VWD include quantitative defects of VWF, either partial (type 1 with VWF levels < 50 IU/dL) or virtually total (type 3 with undetectable VWF levels) and also qualitative defects of VWF (type 2 variants with discrepant antigenic and functional VWF levels). The most bleeding forms of VWD usually do not concern type 1 patients with the mildest VWF defects (VWF levels between 30 and 50IU/dL)...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899139/moving-from-within-the-maternal-the-choreography-of-analytic-eroticism
#6
Dianne Elise
With Kristeva's concept of maternal eroticism (2014) as starting point, the "multiverse" of mother/child erotic sensibilities-the dance of the semiotic chora-is explored and a parallel engagement proposed within the analytic dyad. The dance of psychoanalysis is not the creative product of the patient's mind alone. Clinical work invites, requires, a choreographic engagement by the clinician in interplay with the patient. The clinician's analytic activity is thus akin to choreography: the structuring of a dance, or of a session, expresses an inner impulse brought into narrative form...
February 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888496/-mission-impossible-the-mothering-of-a-child-with-type-1-diabetes-from-the-perspective-of-mothers-experiencing-burnout
#7
Caisa Lindström, Jan Åman, Annika Lindahl Norberg, Maria Forssberg, Agneta Anderzén-Carlsson
PURPOSE: To explore how mothers experiencing burnout describe their mothering of a child with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), with a focus on their experienced need for control and self-esteem. METHODS: This study used a qualitative, descriptive design and aimed to reveal the experience of mothering a child with diabetes when experiencing burnout. Twenty-one mothers of children with T1DM who were experiencing burnout participated in this study. Data were collected via semi-structured interviews, and content analysis was performed...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844865/spiritual-needs-of-mothers-with-sick-new-born-or-premature-infants-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-german-mothers
#8
Arndt Büssing, Undine Waßermann, Niels Christian Hvidt, Alfred Längler, Michael Thiel
BACKGROUND: Spirituality is part of the basic needs of all humans, yet often undervalued by health professionals. Less is known about the spiritual needs of mothers of preterm or sick new born children. AIM: Identify unmet psychosocial and spiritual needs of these mothers, and to relate these needs to their perceived stress and impairments of life concerns. METHODS: Anonymous cross-sectional survey with standardized instruments (e.g., Spiritual Needs Questionnaire) among 125 mothers of two paediatric departments in Germany...
August 24, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835912/use-of-the-bayley-scales-of-infant-and-toddler-development-third-edition-to-assess-developmental-outcome-in-infants-and-young-children-in-an-urban-setting-in-south-africa
#9
Daynia E Ballot, Tanusha Ramdin, David Rakotsoane, Faustine Agaba, Victor A Davies, Tobias Chirwa, Peter A Cooper
BACKGROUND: The Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (III) is a tool developed in a Western setting. AIM: To evaluate the development of a group of inner city children in South Africa with no neonatal risk factors using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (III), to determine an appropriate cut-off to define developmental delay, and to establish variation in scores done in the same children before and after one year of age. METHODS: Cohort follow-up study...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832284/attendance-at-antenatal-clinics-in-inner-city-johannesburg-south-africa-and-its-associations-with-birth-outcomes-analysis-of-data-from-birth-registers-at-three-facilities
#10
Siphamandla Gumede, Vivian Black, Nicolette Naidoo, Matthew F Chersich
BACKGROUND: Antenatal care (ANC) clinics serve as key gateways to screening and treatment interventions that improve pregnancy outcomes, and are especially important for HIV-infected women. By disaggregating data on access to ANC, we aimed to identify variation in ANC attendance by level of care and across vulnerable groups in inner-city Johannesburg, and document the impact of non-attendance on birth outcomes. METHODS: This record review of routine health service data involved manual extraction of 2 years of data from birth registers at a primary-, secondary- and tertiary-level facility within inner-city Johannesburg...
July 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813166/are-inner-city-children-with-asthma-receiving-specialty-care-as-recommended-in-national-asthma-guidelines
#11
Karen L Warman, Ellen J Silver
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether children with asthma in an urban health care network are receiving asthma specialty care, and which factors, if any, are associated with the receipt of this care, including child's racial/ethnic group, age, socio-economic status (SES), insurance, and/or acute care utilization. METHODS: This study is a retrospective cohort study of children aged 7-17 years who received primary care at an urban medical center in 2012 and had a primary or secondary ICD9 code for asthma...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795091/dataset-on-energy-efficiency-assessment-and-measurement-method-for-child-friendly-space-in-cold-residential-area
#12
Kai Ren, Leiqing Xu
The data related in this paper are related to "Environmental-behavior studies of sustainable construction of the third place - based on outdoor environment-behavior cross-feed symbiotic analysis and verification of selective activities" (Ren, 2017) [1]. The dataset was from a field sub-time extended investigation to children of Hohhot West Inner Mongolia Electric Power Community Residential Area in Inner Mongolia of China that belongs to cold region of ID area according to Chinese design code for buildings...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776652/trauma-innocence-and-the-core-complex-of-dissociation
#13
Donald E Kalsched
Trauma survivors often lament that they have lost their innocence or lost their souls and that something vulnerable and whole about themselves has been 'broken' or annihilated. Yet when the psychotherapeutic relationship begins, and symbolic material from dreams and the transference emerges, discernible patterns become apparent, indicating that a core of innocence and vitality has not been totally lost or annihilated. On the contrary, it has been 'saved' by dissociation and its system of inner objects and their protective and/or persecutory narrative 'scripts' or 'schemas'...
September 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774278/cluster-randomised-trial-of-a-school-community-child-health-promotion-and-obesity-prevention-intervention-findings-from-the-evaluation-of-fun-n-healthy-in-moreland
#14
Elizabeth Waters, Lisa Gibbs, Maryanne Tadic, Obioha C Ukoumunne, Anthea Magarey, Anthony D Okely, Andrea de Silva, Christine Armit, Julie Green, Thea O'Connor, Britt Johnson, Boyd Swinburn, Lauren Carpenter, Graham Moore, Hannah Littlecott, Lisa Gold
BACKGROUND: Multi-level, longer-term obesity prevention interventions that focus on inequalities are scarce. Fun 'n healthy in Moreland! aimed to improve child adiposity, school policies and environments, parent engagement, health behaviours and child wellbeing. METHODS: All children from primary schools in an inner urban, culturally diverse and economically disadvantaged area in Victoria, Australia were eligible for participation. The intervention, fun 'n healthy in Moreland!, used a Health Promoting Schools Framework and provided schools with evidence, school research data and part time support from a Community Development Worker to develop health promoting strategies...
August 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762040/case-update-on-cranial-osteopetrosis-which-is-the-role-of-the-neurosurgeon
#15
Irene Stella, Matthieu Vinchon, Pierre Guerreschi, Eva De Berranger, Ikram Bouacha
PURPOSE: Osteopetrosis (OP) is a rare skeletal disease, which can affect the skull base and calvaria. A multidisciplinary approach is mandatory and patient may need neurosurgical care. Few observations have been published, and optimal management of OP is not established yet. METHOD: We report a case of an infant with OP diagnosed at 5 months, who presented signs of intracranial hypertension associated with unilateral blindness. Bone marrow allograft was performed at 6 months of age...
July 31, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730559/fathers-know-best-inner-city-african-american-fathers-perceptions-regarding-their-involvement-in-the-pediatric-medical-home
#16
Orville Newton-Ray Bignall, Whitney J Raglin Bignall, Lisa M Vaughn, Ndidi I Unaka
OBJECTIVE: Despite nearly three in four African American (AA) children being born to unwed mothers, AA fathers maintain relatively high levels of parenting engagement, whether or not they live with their children. While father involvement correlates with decreased adverse child health outcomes, the nature of AA father involvement in child health-including engagement in the pediatric medical home-remains largely unexplored. Our study aimed to assess perceptions of pediatric medical home participation among a cohort of urban, AA fathers...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696375/is-the-grass-always-greener-in-suburban-neighborhoods-outdoors-play-in-suburban-and-inner-city-neighborhoods
#17
Mika R Moran, Pnina Plaut, Dafna Merom
Children's outdoors play (OP) is an important source of physical activity that has been decreasing in recent years due to changes in neighborhood design, parent safety concerns and child sedentary leisure. However, few studies examined such determinants from children's perspectives. This study explores environmental and socio-cultural aspects of children's OP using a qualitative and quantitative approach. Data was collected in two phases: (1) a survey on OP and related variables among 5th and 6th graders (10-12 years old) (n = 573); and (2) a mapping activity and semi-structured interview among a subsample of the survey (n = 80)...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654466/detection-of-beta-human-papillomavirus-in-a-child-with-polyomavirus-associated-trichodysplasia-spinulosa
#18
Pooja Kadam, Teddy Pan, Rachelle Gates, Jessica Rivetz, Peter Rady, Stephen Tyring, John A Carlson
Viral associated trichodysplasia spinulosa (VATS) is a rare cutaneous eruption characterized by folliculocentric papules, keratin spicules, and alopecia associated with trichodysplasia spinulosa-associated polyomavirus (TSPyV) infection. We report a case of a 6-year-old male child who presented with a generalized papular eruption during chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The papules were tested for human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA by nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and TSPyV using PCR and gene sequencing studies...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646963/spectrum-and-burden-of-dermatophytes-in-children
#19
Leila Ferguson, L Claire Fuller
Tinea capitis is the most important superficial fungal condition in children. It is often unrecognised but the presence of alopecia, scale and lymphadenopathy, especially in inner-city children should prompt investigation. An understanding of changing epidemiology and prevalence of causative organisms is important in deciding appropriate therapy. The use of diagnostic aids including dermoscopy is increasing and is reported to be helpful in identifying subtle signs. Trichophyton tonsurans accounts for the majority of cases in the UK and terbinafine is increasingly advocated as a safe and effective therapy...
June 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635423/inner-retinal-dystrophy-in-a-patient-with-biallelic-sequence-variants-in-brat1
#20
Julius T Oatts, Jacque L Duncan, Creig S Hoyt, Anne M Slavotinek, Anthony T Moore
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the BRCA1-associated protein required for the ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) activation-1 (BRAT1) gene cause lethal neonatal rigidity and multifocal seizure syndrome characterized by rigidity and intractable seizures and a milder phenotype with intellectual disability, seizures, nonprogressive cerebellar ataxia or dyspraxia, and cerebellar atrophy. To date, nystagmus, cortical visual impairment, impairment of central vision, optic nerve hypoplasia, and optic atrophy have been described in this condition...
March 2, 2017: Ophthalmic Genetics
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