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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532333/interpreting-the-inner-world-of-adhd-children-psychoanalytic-perspectives
#1
Björn Salomonsson
ADHD is increasingly seen as associated with cerebral dysfunction and caused by it. This development is concomitant with an emphasis on medication, behavioural treatments, and parent training programmes. In contrast, psychoanalytic therapy has receded into the background and is often viewed as inefficient or even noxious. This paper argues that such views are based on a misunderstanding of the scope of psychotherapy. Though much more systematic research is needed to establish its efficacy, it can inform on the ADHD child's emotional experiences...
June 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503629/hyperostosis-frontalis-interna-in-a-child-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Yaxiong Li, Xin Wang, Yan Li
Hyperostosis frontalis interna is an unexplained irregular thickening of the inner table of the frontal bone. Hyperostosis frontalis interna was first identified in 1719 by Morgagni as a symptom of a more generalized syndrome characterized by virilism and obesity. Most current studies have shown hyperostosis frontalis interna to be a sex- and age-dependent phenomenon, and females manifest a significantly higher prevalence of hyperostosis frontalis interna than males. In this article, the authors report the clinical case of hyperostosis frontalis interna in a 7-year-old child who had severe traumatic brain injury in the past; review the related literature; and discuss the clinical, radiological, and therapeutic features of this condition...
January 2017: Child Neurol Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442881/cutaneous-hybrid-tumor-composed-of-epidermal-cyst-and-cystic-pilomatricoma-unusual-presentation-in-a-child
#3
Konstantinos Lamprou, Christos Plataras, Maria Chorti, Efstratios Christianakis
We report a rare case of cutaneous hybrid tumor composed of epidermal cyst and cystic pilomatricoma that presented in an unusual way in a child. A 14-year-old teen girl presented with a skin lesion on the inner side of the left arm, approximately at the level of the elbow. The lesion was initially observed 5 months before and was continuously increasing in size during that time resembling other benign or malignant cutaneous tumors.
October 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384435/birthing-on-country-in-our-community-a-case-study-of-engaging-stakeholders-and-developing-a-best-practice-indigenous-maternity-service-in-an-urban-setting
#4
Sue Kildea, Sophie Hickey, Carmel Nelson, Jody Currie, Adrian Carson, Maree Reynolds, Kay Wilson, Sue Kruske, Megan Passey, Yvette Roe, Roianne West, Anton Clifford, Machellee Kosiak, Shannon Watego, Sally Tracy
Developing high-quality and culturally responsive maternal and infant health services is a critical part of 'closing the gap' in health disparities between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and other Australians. The National Maternity Services Plan led work that describes and recommends Birthing on Country best-practice maternity care adaptable from urban to very remote settings, yet few examples exist in Australia. This paper demonstrates Birthing on Country principles can be applied in the urban setting, presenting our experience establishing and developing a Birthing on Country partnership service model in Brisbane, Australia...
April 7, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357146/dysplastic-l5-s1-spondyloptosis-in-a-3-year-old-child-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Vikas Tandon, Rahul Kaul, Harvinder Singh Chhabra, Ankur Nanda
A three-year-old girl presented with primary complaint of severe low back pain with radiation to both lower limbs below the knees since 2 months following history of fall and marked restriction of her daily routine activities. After clinicoradiological evaluation she was diagnosed of having dysplastic L5-S1 spondyloptosis. A staged procedure was planned after thorough discussion with her parents. During initial stage she underwent posterior decompression along L5-S1 segment including exposure of bilateral L5 and S1 nerve roots followed by instrumented reduction (L3-S2 5...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345068/how-much-risk-are-emergency-department-patients-willing-to-accept-to-avoid-diagnostic-testing
#6
Jeremy Padalecki, K Tom Xu, Cynthia Smith, Lynn Carrasco, Justin Hensley, Peter B Richman
OBJECTIVES: There is a paucity of research evaluating the risk tolerance of Emergency Department (ED) patients. We hypothesized that a significant percentage of ED patients surveyed would be comfortable with ≥5% risk of adverse outcome if they avoided testing in several hypothetical scenarios. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of a convenience sample of stable inner-city ED patients. Patients completed a written survey and were asked four closed-answer questions regarding risk tolerance/willingness to refuse a test/procedure, including the following scenarios: #1: LP following CT head; #2 overnight serial troponins for rule out myocardial infarction; #3 CT for possible appendicitis, #4 parent deciding whether child should undergo head CT for low risk head injury...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316460/bidirectional-relationships-between-parenting-processes-and-deviance-in-a-sample-of-inner-city-african-american-youth
#7
Charlene Harris, Alexander T Vazsonyi, John M Bolland
The current study assessed for bidirectional relationships among supportive parenting (knowledge), negative parenting (permissiveness), and deviance in a sample (N = 5,325) of poor, inner-city African American youth from the Mobile Youth Survey (MYS) over 4 years. Cross-lagged path analysis provided evidence of significant bidirectional paths among parenting processes (knowledge and permissiveness) and deviance over time. Follow-up multigroup tests provided only modest evidence of dissimilar relationships by sex and by developmental periods...
March 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287344/ewing-s-sarcoma%C3%A2-of-the-cranial-vault-a-case-report
#8
Jihene Feki, Zeineb Guermazi, Brahim Kammoun, Afef Khanfir, Nabil Toumi, Tahiya Boudawara, Zaher Boudawara, Jamel Daoud, Mounir Frikha
Ewing's sarcoma is a malignant tumor that mainly affects young patients. It represents 10% of primary malignant tumors of the bone and 3% of malignant tumors of the child. Cranial localization is extremely rare representing less than 1% of all the localizations. We report a case of a 10-year-old girl who presented with an intracranial hypertension syndrome with left parietal mass of progressive installation. The X-ray skull showed a lytic lesion with irregular margins involving the left parietal bone. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed extensive parietal bone destruction involving both the inner and outer tables...
March 13, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277088/do-changes-in-socio-demographic-characteristics-impact-up-to-date-immunization-status-between-3-and-24-months-of-age-a-prospective-study-among-an-inner-city-birth-cohort-in-the-united-states
#9
Susmita Pati, Jiayu Huang, Angie Wong, Zeinab Baba, Svetlana Ostapenko, Alexander G Fiks, Avital Cnaan
INTRODUCTION: Low-income child populations remain under-vaccinated. Our objective was to determine differences in the relative importance of maternal health literacy and socio-demographic characteristics that often change during early childhood on up-to-date (UTD) immunization status among a low-income population. METHODS: We performed secondary data analysis of a longitudinal prospective cohort study of 744 Medicaid-eligible mother-infant dyads recruited at the time of the infant's birth from an inner-city hospital in the United States and surveyed every 6 months for 24 months...
February 27, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178101/iatrogenic-intradiploic-epidermoid-cyst-following-strip-craniectomy-for-sagittal-craniosynostosis
#10
Michael T Friel, Joaquin Hidalgo, J Mason Shiflett
INTRODUCTION: The increased incidence and success of strip craniectomy with postoperative helmet therapy in the treatment of sagittal craniosynostosis has been documented by multiple centers throughout the country and world. The authors report a child with a postoperative implantation intradiploic epidermoid cyst following a strip craniectomy, a complication, that to our knowledge, has not been reported. METHODS: This clinical report involves a 3-year-old boy with a scaphocephalic appearance who was transferred to our center following an interstate adoption...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144385/scalloping-characteristics-in-a-patient-with-extra-cranial-hemangioma
#11
Amit Agrawal, Ranjan K Jena, Umamaheswara Reddy
Infantile hemangiomas are the most common benign tumors of infancy and childhood with a reported incidence of 4% to 10% in infants. We report of a 9 year-old male child with a history of progressively increasing swelling over the right eyebrow region. The lesion was present since childhood; however, it increased in in size over the previous 3-4 months. The CT scan showed scalloping over the right supra-orbital ridge with an intact bone. The child underwent total excision of the lesion. A characteristic scalloping seen on imaging (depression in the outer or inner table of the skull) can help differentiate lesions of extracranial and intracranial origins...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092313/surgical-management-of-tractional-retinoschisis-associated-with-vitreous-hemorrhage-in-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#12
Bozho Todorich, Aristomenis Thanos, Yoshihiro Yonekawa, Edward Korot, Michael T Trese, Kimberly A Drenser, Antonio Capone
PURPOSE: The tractional retinoschisis is a poorly understood, rare, and likely underappreciated entity in retinopathy of prematurity. The purpose of this article is to describe clinical findings and surgical management of tractional retinoschisis in retinopathy of prematurity, masquerading as Stage 4 retinopathy of prematurity retinal detachment. METHODS: A retrospective review of a single case with literature review and case discussion. RESULTS: In this report, we describe a child with retinopathy of prematurity and tractional schisis, who initially presented with vitreous hemorrhage and was effectively managed by vitrectomy and inner wall retinectomy...
January 13, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042761/-coercive-measures-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#13
Silke C Rabe, Jörg M Fegert, Ulrich Krüger, Michael Kölch
Coercive Measures in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry To keep the use of coercive measures in child and adolescent psychiatry low or reduce them completely, there needs to be a specific knowledge of the starting point. The study provides an overview of the current situation using a systematic literature review of published studies from the European and the outer European regions between 2005 and 2015. In summary only twelve publications addressed the topic, differentiated in four studies from inner and eight studies from outer European countries...
January 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040097/hospital-based-multidisciplinary-youth-mentoring-and-medical-exposure-program-positively-influences-and-reinforces-health-care-career-choice-the-reach-one-each-one-program-early-experience
#14
Omar K Danner, Carl Lokko, Felicia Mobley, Montreka Dansby, Michael Maze, Brene' Bradley, Elizabeth Williams, Leslie Ray Matthews, Emma Harrington, Lisa Mack, Clarence Clark, Ken Wilson, Derrick Beech, Sheryl Heron, Ed Childs
BACKGROUND: According to the National Center for Educational Statistics, underrepresented minorities (URMs) are more likely to leave science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields at higher rates than their peers during undergraduate studies. Many institutions of higher learning have implemented pipeline programs aimed at preparing and inspiring high school and college aged students in select careers in health sciences with varying levels of success. Research has shown that a health care workforce that mirrors the community they serve is more effective in reducing health disparities and increasing positive health outcomes...
April 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955875/asthma-home-management-in-the-inner-city-what-can-the-children-teach-us
#15
Melissa H Bellin, Angelica Newsome, Cassie Land, Joan Kub, Shawna S Mudd, Mary Elizabeth Bollinger, Arlene M Butz
OBJECTIVE: Knowledge of asthma home management from the perspective of poor, minority children with asthma is limited. METHOD: Convenience sampling methods were used to recruit families of low-income children who are frequently in the emergency department for uncontrolled asthma. Thirteen youths participated in focus groups designed to elicit reflections on asthma home management. Data were analyzed using grounded theory coding techniques. RESULTS: Participants (Mean age = 9...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935468/interdural-cavernous-sinus-dermoid-cyst-in-a-child-case-report
#16
Flavio Giordano, Giacomo Peri, Giacomo M Bacci, Massimo Basile, Azzurra Guerra, Patrizia Bergonzini, Anna Maria Buccoliero, Barbara Spacca, Lorenzo Iughetti, PierArturo Donati, Lorenzo Genitori
Interdural dermoid cysts (DCs) of the cavernous sinus (CS), located between the outer (dural) and inner layer (membranous) of the CS lateral wall, are rare lesions in children. The authors report on a 5-year-old boy with third cranial nerve palsy and exophthalmos who underwent gross-total removal of an interdural DC of the right CS via a frontotemporal approach. The patient had a good outcome and no recurrence at the 12-month follow-up. To the best of the authors' knowledge this is the second pediatric case of interdural DC described in the literature...
March 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894381/understanding-barriers-to-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-in-the-australian-longitudinal-study-of-indigenous-children-a-mixed-methods-approach
#17
Katherine Ann Thurber, Cathy Banwell, Teresa Neeman, Timothy Dobbins, Melanie Pescud, Raymond Lovett, Emily Banks
OBJECTIVE: To identify barriers to fruit and vegetable intake for Indigenous Australian children and quantify factors related to these barriers, to help understand why children do not meet recommendations for fruit and vegetable intake. DESIGN: We examined factors related to carer-reported barriers using multilevel Poisson models (robust variance); a key informant focus group guided our interpretation of findings. SETTING: Eleven diverse sites across Australia...
April 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894316/dietary-patterns-in-obese-pregnant-women-influence-of-a-behavioral-intervention-of-diet-and-physical-activity-in-the-upbeat-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Angela C Flynn, Paul T Seed, Nashita Patel, Suzanne Barr, Ruth Bell, Annette L Briley, Keith M Godfrey, Scott M Nelson, Eugene Oteng-Ntim, Sian M Robinson, Thomas A Sanders, Naveed Sattar, Jane Wardle, Lucilla Poston, Louise M Goff
BACKGROUND: Understanding dietary patterns in obese pregnant women will inform future intervention strategies to improve pregnancy outcomes and the health of the child. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a behavioral intervention of diet and physical activity advice on dietary patterns in obese pregnant woman participating in the UPBEAT study, and to explore associations of dietary patterns with pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: In the UPBEAT randomized controlled trial, pregnant obese women from eight UK multi-ethnic, inner-city populations were randomly assigned to receive a diet/physical activity intervention or standard antenatal care...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788877/parental-decision-making-associated-with-pediatric-emergency-department-use-for-asthma
#19
Shawna S Mudd, C Jean Ogborn, Mary Elizabeth Bollinger, Tricia Morphew, Joan Kub, Cassie Lewis-Land, Melissa H Bellin, Arlene Butz
BACKGROUND: Disadvantaged minority children are disproportionately affected by asthma. This group is also known to frequently use the emergency department (ED) for asthma care. Understanding decisions for use of the ED is important to prevent high cost. OBJECTIVE: To examine caregiver factors associated with the decision to use the ED for asthma care in inner-city children with asthma. METHODS: One hundred fifty participants in a randomized clinical trial testing the effectiveness of a home-based asthma intervention were enrolled, and questionnaires were administered to caregivers during the child's ED asthma visit...
November 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779564/x-linked-malformation-and-cochlear-implantation
#20
Henrik Smeds, Jeremy Wales, Filip Asp, Ulrika Löfkvist, Babak Falahat, Britt-Marie Anderlid, Lena Anmyr, Eva Karltorp
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if cochlear implantation is safe and constitutes an option for hearing rehabilitation of children with x-linked inner ear malformation. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective patient review in combination with a multidisciplinary follow-up. SETTING: Tertiary referral hospital and cochlear implant program. PATIENTS: Ten children with severe-profound mixed hearing loss and radiological findings consistent with Incomplete Partition type 3 cochlear malformation received cochlear implants during the years 2007 to 2015...
January 2017: Otology & Neurotology
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