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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813166/are-inner-city-children-with-asthma-receiving-specialty-care-as-recommended-in-national-asthma-guidelines
#1
Karen L Warman, Ellen J Silver
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether children with asthma in an urban healthcare network are receiving asthma specialty care, and which factors, if any, are associated with receipt of this care, including: child's racial/ethnic group, age, socio-economic status (SES), insurance, and/or acute care utilization. METHODS: This study is a retrospective cohort study of children ages 7- 17 years old who received primary care in an urban medical center in 2012 and had a primary or secondary ICD9 code for asthma...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795091/dataset-on-energy-efficiency-assessment-and-measurement-method-for-child-friendly-space-in-cold-residential-area
#2
Kai Ren, Leiqing Xu
The data related in this paper are related to "Environmental-behavior studies of sustainable construction of the third place - based on outdoor environment-behavior cross-feed symbiotic analysis and verification of selective activities" (Ren, 2017) [1]. The dataset was from a field sub-time extended investigation to children of Hohhot West Inner Mongolia Electric Power Community Residential Area in Inner Mongolia of China that belongs to cold region of ID area according to Chinese design code for buildings...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776652/trauma-innocence-and-the-core-complex-of-dissociation
#3
Donald E Kalsched
Trauma survivors often lament that they have lost their innocence or lost their souls and that something vulnerable and whole about themselves has been 'broken' or annihilated. Yet when the psychotherapeutic relationship begins, and symbolic material from dreams and the transference emerges, discernible patterns become apparent, indicating that a core of innocence and vitality has not been totally lost or annihilated. On the contrary, it has been 'saved' by dissociation and its system of inner objects and their protective and/or persecutory narrative 'scripts' or 'schemas'...
September 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774278/cluster-randomised-trial-of-a-school-community-child-health-promotion-and-obesity-prevention-intervention-findings-from-the-evaluation-of-fun-n-healthy-in-moreland
#4
Elizabeth Waters, Lisa Gibbs, Maryanne Tadic, Obioha C Ukoumunne, Anthea Magarey, Anthony D Okely, Andrea de Silva, Christine Armit, Julie Green, Thea O'Connor, Britt Johnson, Boyd Swinburn, Lauren Carpenter, Graham Moore, Hannah Littlecott, Lisa Gold
BACKGROUND: Multi-level, longer-term obesity prevention interventions that focus on inequalities are scarce. Fun 'n healthy in Moreland! aimed to improve child adiposity, school policies and environments, parent engagement, health behaviours and child wellbeing. METHODS: All children from primary schools in an inner urban, culturally diverse and economically disadvantaged area in Victoria, Australia were eligible for participation. The intervention, fun 'n healthy in Moreland!, used a Health Promoting Schools Framework and provided schools with evidence, school research data and part time support from a Community Development Worker to develop health promoting strategies...
August 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762040/case-update-on-cranial-osteopetrosis-which-is-the-role-of-the-neurosurgeon
#5
Irene Stella, Matthieu Vinchon, Pierre Guerreschi, Eva De Berranger, Ikram Bouacha
PURPOSE: Osteopetrosis (OP) is a rare skeletal disease, which can affect the skull base and calvaria. A multidisciplinary approach is mandatory and patient may need neurosurgical care. Few observations have been published, and optimal management of OP is not established yet. METHOD: We report a case of an infant with OP diagnosed at 5 months, who presented signs of intracranial hypertension associated with unilateral blindness. Bone marrow allograft was performed at 6 months of age...
July 31, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730559/fathers-know-best-inner-city-african-american-fathers-perceptions-regarding-their-involvement-in-the-pediatric-medical-home
#6
Orville Newton-Ray Bignall, Whitney J Raglin Bignall, Lisa M Vaughn, Ndidi I Unaka
OBJECTIVE: Despite nearly three in four African American (AA) children being born to unwed mothers, AA fathers maintain relatively high levels of parenting engagement, whether or not they live with their children. While father involvement correlates with decreased adverse child health outcomes, the nature of AA father involvement in child health-including engagement in the pediatric medical home-remains largely unexplored. Our study aimed to assess perceptions of pediatric medical home participation among a cohort of urban, AA fathers...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696375/is-the-grass-always-greener-in-suburban-neighborhoods-outdoors-play-in-suburban-and-inner-city-neighborhoods
#7
Mika R Moran, Pnina Plaut, Dafna Merom
Children's outdoors play (OP) is an important source of physical activity that has been decreasing in recent years due to changes in neighborhood design, parent safety concerns and child sedentary leisure. However, few studies examined such determinants from children's perspectives. This study explores environmental and socio-cultural aspects of children's OP using a qualitative and quantitative approach. Data was collected in two phases: (1) a survey on OP and related variables among 5th and 6th graders (10-12 years old) (n = 573); and (2) a mapping activity and semi-structured interview among a subsample of the survey (n = 80)...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654466/detection-of-beta-human-papillomavirus-in-a-child-with-polyomavirus-associated-trichodysplasia-spinulosa
#8
Pooja Kadam, Teddy Pan, Rachelle Gates, Jessica Rivetz, Peter Rady, Stephen Tyring, John A Carlson
Viral associated trichodysplasia spinulosa (VATS) is a rare cutaneous eruption characterized by folliculocentric papules, keratin spicules, and alopecia associated with trichodysplasia spinulosa-associated polyomavirus (TSPyV) infection. We report a case of a 6-year-old male child who presented with a generalized papular eruption during chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The papules were tested for human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA by nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and TSPyV using PCR and gene sequencing studies...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646963/spectrum-and-burden-of-dermatophytes-in-children
#9
Leila Ferguson, L Claire Fuller
Tinea capitis is the most important superficial fungal condition in children. It is often unrecognised but the presence of alopecia, scale and lymphadenopathy, especially in inner-city children should prompt investigation. An understanding of changing epidemiology and prevalence of causative organisms is important in deciding appropriate therapy. The use of diagnostic aids including dermoscopy is increasing and is reported to be helpful in identifying subtle signs. Trichophyton tonsurans accounts for the majority of cases in the UK and terbinafine is increasingly advocated as a safe and effective therapy...
June 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635423/inner-retinal-dystrophy-in-a-patient-with-biallelic-sequence-variants-in-brat1
#10
Julius T Oatts, Jacque L Duncan, Creig S Hoyt, Anne M Slavotinek, Anthony T Moore
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the BRCA1-associated protein required for the ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) activation-1 (BRAT1) gene cause lethal neonatal rigidity and multifocal seizure syndrome characterized by rigidity and intractable seizures and a milder phenotype with intellectual disability, seizures, nonprogressive cerebellar ataxia or dyspraxia, and cerebellar atrophy. To date, nystagmus, cortical visual impairment, impairment of central vision, optic nerve hypoplasia, and optic atrophy have been described in this condition...
March 2, 2017: Ophthalmic Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560612/characterization-of-stress-in-low-income-inner-city-mothers-of-children-with-poorly-controlled-asthma
#11
Melissa H Bellin, Kathryn S Collins, Philip Osteen, Joan Kub, Mary Elizabeth Bollinger, Angelica Newsome, Cassie Lewis-Land, Arlene M Butz
The goal of this longitudinal analysis was to characterize factors associated with the experience of life stress in low-income, inner-city mothers of minority children with high-risk asthma.Participants (n = 276) reported on family demographics, child asthma control and healthcare utilization, social support, contemporary life difficulties (housing, finances, violence exposure) measured by the validated Crisis in Family Systems scale, and daily stress. Latent growth curve modeling examined predictors of life stress across 12 months as a function of home and community difficulties, asthma-specific factors, and social support...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554096/phthalates-and-thyroid-function-in-preschool-age-children-sex-specific-associations
#12
Rachelle Morgenstern, Robin M Whyatt, Beverly J Insel, Antonia M Calafat, Xinhua Liu, Virginia A Rauh, Julie Herbstman, Gary Bradwin, Pam Factor-Litvak
BACKGROUND: Research relating either prenatal or concurrent measures of phthalate exposure to thyroid function in preschool children is inconclusive. METHODS: In a study of inner-city mothers and their children, metabolites of di-n-butyl phthalate, butylbenzyl phthalate, di-isobutyl phthalate, di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, and diethyl phthalate were measured in a spot urine sample collected from women in late pregnancy and from their children at age 3years. We measured children's serum free thyroxine (FT4) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) at age 3...
September 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532333/interpreting-the-inner-world-of-adhd-children-psychoanalytic-perspectives
#13
Björn Salomonsson
ADHD is increasingly seen as associated with cerebral dysfunction and caused by it. This development is concomitant with an emphasis on medication, behavioural treatments, and parent training programmes. In contrast, psychoanalytic therapy has receded into the background and is often viewed as inefficient or even noxious. This paper argues that such views are based on a misunderstanding of the scope of psychotherapy. Though much more systematic research is needed to establish its efficacy, it can inform on the ADHD child's emotional experiences...
June 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503629/hyperostosis-frontalis-interna-in-a-child-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Yaxiong Li, Xin Wang, Yan Li
Hyperostosis frontalis interna is an unexplained irregular thickening of the inner table of the frontal bone. Hyperostosis frontalis interna was first identified in 1719 by Morgagni as a symptom of a more generalized syndrome characterized by virilism and obesity. Most current studies have shown hyperostosis frontalis interna to be a sex- and age-dependent phenomenon, and females manifest a significantly higher prevalence of hyperostosis frontalis interna than males. In this article, the authors report the clinical case of hyperostosis frontalis interna in a 7-year-old child who had severe traumatic brain injury in the past; review the related literature; and discuss the clinical, radiological, and therapeutic features of this condition...
January 2017: Child neurology open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442881/cutaneous-hybrid-tumor-composed-of-epidermal-cyst-and-cystic-pilomatricoma-unusual-presentation-in-a-child
#15
Konstantinos Lamprou, Christos Plataras, Maria Chorti, Efstratios Christianakis
We report a rare case of cutaneous hybrid tumor composed of epidermal cyst and cystic pilomatricoma that presented in an unusual way in a child. A 14-year-old teen girl presented with a skin lesion on the inner side of the left arm, approximately at the level of the elbow. The lesion was initially observed 5 months before and was continuously increasing in size during that time resembling other benign or malignant cutaneous tumors.
October 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384435/birthing-on-country-in-our-community-a-case-study-of-engaging-stakeholders-and-developing-a-best-practice-indigenous-maternity-service-in-an-urban-setting
#16
Sue Kildea, Sophie Hickey, Carmel Nelson, Jody Currie, Adrian Carson, Maree Reynolds, Kay Wilson, Sue Kruske, Megan Passey, Yvette Roe, Roianne West, Anton Clifford, Machellee Kosiak, Shannon Watego, Sally Tracy
Developing high-quality and culturally responsive maternal and infant health services is a critical part of 'closing the gap' in health disparities between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and other Australians. The National Maternity Services Plan led work that describes and recommends Birthing on Country best-practice maternity care adaptable from urban to very remote settings, yet few examples exist in Australia. This paper demonstrates Birthing on Country principles can be applied in the urban setting, presenting our experience establishing and developing a Birthing on Country partnership service model in Brisbane, Australia...
April 7, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357146/dysplastic-l5-s1-spondyloptosis-in-a-3-year-old-child-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Vikas Tandon, Rahul Kaul, Harvinder Singh Chhabra, Ankur Nanda
A three-year-old girl presented with primary complaint of severe low back pain with radiation to both lower limbs below the knees since 2 months following history of fall and marked restriction of her daily routine activities. After clinicoradiological evaluation she was diagnosed of having dysplastic L5-S1 spondyloptosis. A staged procedure was planned after thorough discussion with her parents. During initial stage she underwent posterior decompression along L5-S1 segment including exposure of bilateral L5 and S1 nerve roots followed by instrumented reduction (L3-S2 5...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345068/how-much-risk-are-emergency-department-patients-willing-to-accept-to-avoid-diagnostic-testing
#18
Jeremy Padalecki, K Tom Xu, Cynthia Smith, Lynn Carrasco, Justin Hensley, Peter B Richman
OBJECTIVES: There is a paucity of research evaluating the risk tolerance of Emergency Department (ED) patients. We hypothesized that a significant percentage of ED patients surveyed would be comfortable with ≥5% risk of adverse outcome if they avoided testing in several hypothetical scenarios. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of a convenience sample of stable inner-city ED patients. Patients completed a written survey and were asked four closed-answer questions regarding risk tolerance/willingness to refuse a test/procedure, including the following scenarios: #1: LP following CT head; #2 overnight serial troponins for rule out myocardial infarction; #3 CT for possible appendicitis, #4 parent deciding whether child should undergo head CT for low risk head injury...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316460/bidirectional-relationships-between-parenting-processes-and-deviance-in-a-sample-of-inner-city-african-american-youth
#19
Charlene Harris, Alexander T Vazsonyi, John M Bolland
The current study assessed for bidirectional relationships among supportive parenting (knowledge), negative parenting (permissiveness), and deviance in a sample (N = 5,325) of poor, inner-city African American youth from the Mobile Youth Survey (MYS) over 4 years. Cross-lagged path analysis provided evidence of significant bidirectional paths among parenting processes (knowledge and permissiveness) and deviance over time. Follow-up multigroup tests provided only modest evidence of dissimilar relationships by sex and by developmental periods...
March 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287344/ewing-s-sarcoma%C3%A2-of-the-cranial-vault-a-case-report
#20
Jihene Feki, Zeineb Guermazi, Brahim Kammoun, Afef Khanfir, Nabil Toumi, Tahiya Boudawara, Zaher Boudawara, Jamel Daoud, Mounir Frikha
Ewing's sarcoma is a malignant tumor that mainly affects young patients. It represents 10% of primary malignant tumors of the bone and 3% of malignant tumors of the child. Cranial localization is extremely rare representing less than 1% of all the localizations. We report a case of a 10-year-old girl who presented with an intracranial hypertension syndrome with left parietal mass of progressive installation. The X-ray skull showed a lytic lesion with irregular margins involving the left parietal bone. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed extensive parietal bone destruction involving both the inner and outer tables...
March 13, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
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