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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326405/-the-relationships-among-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-cinv-non-pharmacological-coping-methods-and-nutritional-status-in-patients-with-gynecologic-cancer
#1
Haerim Lee, Smi Choi-Kwon
PURPOSE: Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) can cause severe malnutrition. However, relationships between CINV levels, non-pharmacological coping methods, and nutritional status of female cancer patients have rarely been investigated. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze their relationships in gynecologic cancer patients. METHODS: Participants receiving a highly and moderately emetogenic chemotherapy were recruited. The level of CINV was assessed using a numeric rating scale...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320915/healthcare-utilization-and-costs-associated-with-treatment-for-opioid-dependence
#2
Ankit Shah, Margaret Duncan, Nipun Atreja, Kei Sing Tai, Mugdha Gore
OBJECTIVE: Opioid use disorder (OUD) can be managed with medication assisted therapy (MAT) (methadone [MET], buprenorphine [BUP], or extended-release naltrexone [XR-NTX]) or counseling alone (non-pharmacological therapy [NPT]). The objective of this study was to evaluate healthcare resource utilization and costs associated with XR-NTX compared with alternative treatments for opioid dependence. METHODS: Adults with a diagnosis of opioid dependence who initiated treatment with XR-NTX, BUP, MET, or NPT between January 1, 2011 and December 31, 2014 were identified in the Truven Health MarketScan Commercial administrative claims database...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320670/diagnosing-copd-and-supporting-smoking-cessation-in-general-practice-evidence-practice-gaps
#3
Jenifer Liang, Michael J Abramson, Nicholas A Zwar, Grant M Russell, Anne E Holland, Billie Bonevski, Ajay Mahal, Kirsten Phillips, Paula Eustace, Eldho Paul, Sally Wilson, Johnson George
OBJECTIVES: To review the accuracy of diagnoses of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in primary care in Australia, and to describe smokers' experiences with and preferences for smoking cessation. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Patients were invited to participate if they were at least 40 years old and had visited participating general practice clinics in Melbourne at least twice during the previous 12 months, reported being current or ex-smokers with a smoking history of at least 10 pack-years, or were being managed for COPD...
January 15, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319248/detection-management-approach-of-depression-and-antidepressant-utilization-in-adult-patients-results-of-a-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Sanket Newale, Deepak S Bachani
Aim: The study was conducted to understand the demographics, prevalence of co-morbid conditions and treatment modalities of depression. Methods: A cross-sectional, nationwide observational study was conducted to understand the management pattern of depression in India. Depression was majorly diagnosed with DSM-IV TR criteria. Results: The data of 2276 Indian patients across 18 states were collected through 135 mental health professionals. The study population was predominantly from urban (81...
October 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313359/effects-of-different-aerobic-exercise-programmes-with-nutritional-intervention-in-sedentary-adults-with-overweight-obesity-and-hypertension-exerdiet-hta-study
#5
Ilargi Gorostegi-Anduaga, Pablo Corres, Aitor MartinezAguirre-Betolaza, Javier Pérez-Asenjo, G Rodrigo Aispuru, Simon M Fryer, Sara Maldonado-Martín
Background Both exercise training and diet are recommended to prevent and control hypertension and overweight/obesity. Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of different 16-week aerobic exercise programmes with hypocaloric diet on blood pressure, body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness and pharmacological treatment. Methods Overweight/obese, sedentary participants ( n = 175, aged 54.0 ± 8.2 years) with hypertension were randomly assigned into an attention control group (physical activity recommendations) or one of three supervised exercise groups (2 days/week: high-volume with 45 minutes of moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT), high-volume and high-intensity interval training (HIIT), alternating high and moderate intensities, and low-volume HIIT (20 minutes))...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313071/glucocorticoids-inflammation-and-bone
#6
REVIEW
Melek Güler-Yüksel, Jos N Hoes, Irene E M Bultink, Willem F Lems
The current review on glucocorticoids (GCs), inflammation and bone is focused on three aspects: (1) the mutual effects between GCs, inflammation and bone in inflammatory rheumatic diseases, (2) current views on fracture risk assessment in patients using GCs and (3) non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatment to prevent fractures in GC-using patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases. The use of GCs results in increased risk for fractures due to both direct and indirect negative effects of GCs on bone mass, and on bone and muscle strength...
January 8, 2018: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312761/chinese-consensus-statement-on-standard-procedure-and-perioperative-management-of-bronchial-thermoplasty
#7
REVIEW
Jiangtao Lin, Ying Nong, Dong Yang, Shiyue Li, Guangfa Wang, Nan Su, Nanshan Zhong
Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) is a non-pharmacologic therapy for severe asthma. The proper procedure and perioperative management are very important for the effectiveness and safety of BT. China Asthma Alliance assembled a group of experts in asthma and BT to review the literature, drew on their own experiences, discussed, and then finalized by consensus to establish this standard practice guideline. This practice guideline is designed to guide clinicians as to proper patients' selection, preoperative assessment, postoperative management and follow-up...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303096/-insomnia-in-hospital
#8
J M J Stoffels, A Thijs
- Every night in hospitals physicians on night shift are confronted with insomnia among their patients and have to make a decision on prescribing sleeping medication.- The extent to which insomnia is disadvantageous to hospital patients and its effects on clinical outcomes have not been well investigated.- A recent systematic review concluded that it is not known if treatment of insomnia with medication, such as melatonin or benzodiazepines, has a beneficial or a disadvantageous effect on clinical outcomes...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289579/sequential-application-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-reduces-the-severity-of-labour-pain-delays-use-of-pharmacological-analgesia-and-improves-some-obstetric-outcomes-a-randomised-trial
#9
Rubneide Barreto Silva Gallo, Licia Santos Santana, Alessandra Cristina Marcolin, Geraldo Duarte, Silvana Maria Quintana
QUESTION: Among women in labour, does sequential application of non-pharmacological interventions relieve labour pain, shorten labour, and delay pharmacological analgesia use? DESIGN: Randomised trial with concealed allocation, assessor blinding, and intention-to-treat analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty women admitted in labour at the end of a low-risk pregnancy. INTERVENTION: Participants in the experimental group received three interventions for up to 40minutes each in particular stages of labour: exercise on a Swiss ball at 4 to 5cm of cervical dilation; lumbosacral massage at 5 to 6cm dilation; and a warm shower at >7cm dilation...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289531/epileptic-seizures-are-reduced-by-autonomic-biofeedback-therapy-through-enhancement-of-fronto-limbic-connectivity-a-controlled-trial-and-neuroimaging-study
#10
Yoko Nagai, Julia Aram, Matthias Koepp, Louis Lemieux, Marco Mula, Hugo Critchley, Sanjay Sisodiya, Mara Cercignani
BACKGROUND: Thirty-percent of patients with epilepsy are drug-resistant, and might benefit from effective noninvasive therapeutic interventions. Evidence is accumulating on the efficacy of autonomic biofeedback therapy using galvanic skin response (GSR; an index of sympathetic arousal) in treating epileptic seizures. This study aimed to extend previous controlled clinical trials of autonomic biofeedback therapy with a larger homogeneous sample of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. In addition, we used neuroimaging to characterize neural mechanisms of change in seizure frequency following the therapy...
December 13, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287729/efficacy-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-for-procedural-pain-relief-in-adults-undergoing-burn-wound-care-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
REVIEW
Michael Scheffler, Susan Koranyi, Winfried Meissner, Bernhard Strauß, Jenny Rosendahl
The aim of the present meta-analysis was to investigate the efficacy of non-pharmacological interventions for procedural pain relief in adults undergoing burn wound care compared to standard care alone or an attention control. Through a comprehensive literature search in various electronic databases 21 eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included, comprising a total of 660 patients. Random effects meta-analyses revealed significant positive treatment effects on pain outcomes, Hedges' g=0.58, 95% CI [0...
December 26, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282013/an-investigation-of-factors-predicting-the-type-of-bladder-antimuscarinics-initiated-in-medicare-nursing-homes-residents
#12
Daniela C Moga, Qishan Wu, Pratik Doshi, Amie J Goodin
BACKGROUND: To examine factors predicting type of bladder antimuscarinics (BAM) initiated in nursing home (NH) residents. METHODS: Incident BAM initiators following NH admission were identified by constructing a retrospective cohort from Medicare files and Minimum Data Set (MDS). Participants included all residents 65 years and older admitted in Medicare-certified NH between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2008 who were prescribed BAM and had continuous Medicare (Part A, B, and D) enrollment...
December 28, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280545/perforated-balloon-technique-a-simple-and-handy-technique-to-combat-no-reflow-phenomenon-in-coronary-system
#13
Tejas Patel, Sanjay Shah, Rajiv Gulati, Tak Kwan, Mauricio G Cohen, Samir Pancholy
OBJECTIVE: Examining the efficacy and outcomes of intracoronary (IC) instillation of adenosine using a novel perforated balloon technique (PBT) to combat no-reflow phenomenon during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). BACKGROUND: Occurrence of no-reflow during PCI is a serious adverse prognostic event and inability to re-establish better flow is associated with poor outcomes. Several pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions have been used to treat this situation...
December 27, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277286/the-relationship-between-the-s-wave-in-lead-1-and-recurrence-of-rvot-pvc-ablation
#14
Hacı Murat Güneş, Gültekin Günhan Demir, Oğuz Karaca, Filiz Kızılırmak Yılmaz, Ersin İbişoğlu, Tayyar Gökdeniz, Mehmet Onur Omaygenç, Ekrem Güler, Gamze Babur Güler, Ümeyir Savur, Beytullah Çakal, İrfan Barutçu, Fethi Kılıçaslan
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency catheter ablation (CA) is a common non-pharmacological treatment option for ventricular premature contractions (PVCs) originating from right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT). In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between recurrence after CA for RVOT-PVC and S-wave in lead 1 that was shown to be associated with RVOT depolarization. METHODOLOGY: A total of 104 patients who were referred to our clinic for CA for idiopathic RVOT-PVC between 2012 and 2015years were enrolled...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274881/neurobiological-mechanisms-of-antiallodynic-effect-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-in-a-mice-model-of-neuropathic-pain
#15
Andressa de Souza, Daniel F Martins, Liciane Fernandes Medeiros, Catharina Nucci, Thiago César Martins, Aline Siteneski, Wolnei Caumo, Adair Roberto Soares Dos Santos, Iraci L S Torres
BACKGROUND: Neuropathic pain is relatively common and occurs in approximately 6-8% of the population. It is associated with allodynia and hyperalgesia. Thus, non-pharmacological treatments, such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) may be useful for relieving pain. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the antiallodynic effect of tDCS in a mice model of neuropathic pain, and the underlying neurotransmission systems that could drive these effects...
December 21, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260510/interventions-for-managing-taste-disturbances
#16
REVIEW
Sumanth Kumbargere Nagraj, Renjith P George, Naresh Shetty, David Levenson, Debra M Ferraiolo, Ashish Shrestha
BACKGROUND: The sense of taste is very much essential to the overall health of an individual. It is a necessary component to enjoy one's food, which in turn provides nutrition to an individual. Any disturbance in taste perception can hamper quality of life in such patients by influencing their appetite, body weight and psychological well-being. Taste disorders have been treated using different modalities of treatment and there is no consensus for the best intervention. Hence this Cochrane Review was undertaken...
December 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258496/teaching-young-gps-to-cope-with-psychosocial-consultations-without-prescribing-a-durable-impact-of-an-e-module-on-determinants-of-benzodiazepines-prescribing
#17
Hanne Creupelandt, Sibyl Anthierens, Hilde Habraken, Tom Declercq, Coral Sirdifield, Aloysius Niroshan Siriwardena, Thierry Christiaens
BACKGROUND: Despite guidelines and campaigns to change prescribing behavior, General Practitioners (GPs) continue to overprescribe benzodiazepines (BZDs). New approaches to improve prescribing are needed. Using behavior change techniques and tailoring interventions to user characteristics are vital to promote behavior change. This study evaluated the impact of an e-module on factors known to determine BZD prescribing practice. METHODS: A tailored e-module that focuses on avoiding initial BZD prescriptions (and using psychological interventions as an alternative) was developed and offered to GPs in vocational training...
December 19, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249383/neuropathic-pain-and-sci-identification-and-treatment-strategies-in-the-21st-century
#18
REVIEW
Maya N Hatch, Timothy R Cushing, Gregory D Carlson, Eric Y Chang
Pain is a common complication in patients following spinal cord injury (SCI), with studies citing up to 80% of patients reporting some form of pain. Neuropathic pain (NP) makes up a substantial percentage of all pain symptoms in patients with SCI and is often complex. Given the high prevalence of NP in patients with SCI, proper identification and treatment is imperative. Indeed, identification of pain subtypes is a vital step toward determining appropriate treatment. A variety of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments can be undertaken including antiepileptics, tricyclic antidepressants, opioids, transcranial direct current stimulation, and invasive surgical procedures...
January 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249224/non-pharmacological-treatment-in-people-with-cognitive-impairment
#19
Melanie Straubmeier, Elisa-Marie Behrndt, Hildegard Seidl, Dominik Özbe, Katharina Luttenberger, Elmar Graessel
BACKGROUND: A number of non-pharmacological methods are available to help elderly people with cognitive impairment. Unstructured and non-evidencebased interventions are commonly used. The multicomponent therapy MAKS (a German acronym for Motor, Activities of daily living, Cognitive, Social) has already been evaluated in nursing homes; in this study, we investigated its use in day care centers (DCCs). METHODS: A cluster-randomized, controlled, single-blinded trial involving a 6-month intervention phase was performed...
December 1, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248433/physiotherapy-breathing-retraining-for-asthma-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Anne Bruton, Amanda Lee, Lucy Yardley, James Raftery, Emily Arden-Close, Sarah Kirby, Shihua Zhu, Manimekalai Thiruvothiyur, Frances Webley, Lyn Taylor, Denise Gibson, Guiqing Yao, Mark Stafford-Watson, Jenny Versnel, Michael Moore, Steve George, Paul Little, Ratko Djukanovic, David Price, Ian D Pavord, Stephen T Holgate, Mike Thomas
BACKGROUND: Despite effective pharmacotherapy, asthma continues to impair quality of life for most patients. Non-pharmacological approaches, including breathing retraining, are therefore of great interest to patients. However, clinicians rarely advocate breathing retraining and access to this intervention is restricted for most patients due to the limited availability of suitable physiotherapists and poor integration of breathing retraining into standard care. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of a digital self-guided breathing retraining intervention...
December 13, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
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