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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922211/transrectal-ultrasonography-of-equine-lumbosacral-nerves-pilot-study-in-28-healthy-warmblood-horses
#1
Pablo Espinosa, Philippe Benoit, Isabel Salazar, Jesús de la Fuente, Philippe Heiles
A noninvasive method for visualizing lumbosacral nerves would be helpful for horses with suspected lumbosacral plexopathy or injury. The aim of this prospective descriptive pilot study was to characterize the ultrasonographic appearance of the lumbosacral nerves in a sample of healthy horses, and expand on the technique for image acquisition. Horses were recruited for inclusion if they were determined to be healthy and sound based on clinical and lameness evaluation. Transrectal ultrasound images of the lumbosacral nerves (L6, S1, and S2) were obtained for both sides...
December 6, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922178/lessons-from-the-homeless-civil-and-uncivil-interactions-with-nurses-self-care-behaviors-and-barriers-to-care
#2
Wendy M Woith, Cindy Kerber, Kim S Astroth, Sheryl H Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Civility, rooted in social justice, is a fundamental value of nursing. Homeless people are particularly at risk for experiencing uncivil behavior from nurses. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore homeless people's perceptions of their interactions with nurses. METHOD: In this descriptive, qualitative study, we interviewed 15 homeless adults who described their experiences with nurses. The interview guide, developed by the researchers, consisted of open-ended questions and probes...
December 6, 2016: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921634/smoking-cessation-in-smoke-free-prisons-a-grounded-theory-study
#3
Ashleigh Djachenko, Winsome St John, Creina Mitchell
Purpose Prisoners are vulnerable to tobacco addiction and have a smoking prevalence significantly higher than that of the general community. The context of this study was the implementation of a "smoke-free prisons" policy, which imposed forced smoking cessation onto the Queensland, Australian prison population. The study asked the question: "What are the psychosocial processes in which male prisoners engage during smoking cessation in a smoke-free environment?" Design/methodology/approach Qualitative interviews were conducted with 15 prisoners in South-east Queensland smoke-free correctional centres...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921325/hiv-risk-perception-hiv-knowledge-and-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-transgender-women-in-south-florida
#4
Joseph P De Santis, Shayne D Hauglum, Diego A Deleon, Elias Provencio-Vasquez, Allan E Rodriguez
OBJECTIVES: Transgender women experience a variety of factors that may contribute to HIV risk. The purpose of this study was to explore links among HIV risk perception, knowledge, and sexual risk behaviors of transgender women. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A descriptive, correlational study design was used. Fifty transgender women from the South Florida area were enrolled in the study. MEASURES: Transgender women completed a demographic questionnaire and standardized instruments measuring HIV risk perception, knowledge, and sexual risk behaviors...
December 5, 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921297/self-identified-vampirism-and-risk-for-false-positives-a-case-example-of-team-homicide-and-implications-for-forensic-behavioral-science
#5
D J Williams
Historically, reported cases of self-identified vampirism typically have been associated with psychopathology and sometimes a propensity for violence. However, scholars recently have noted a wide range of diverse practices and meanings that all fall under the general description of self-identified vampirism. This brief report focuses on a homicide case (male and female partnered offenders), wherein a single victim was murdered and dismembered. Due to specific case evidence, there was controversy regarding whether or not the homicide was motivated by ritualistic self-identified vampirism...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921222/cognitive-dysfunction-in-patients-with-brain-metastases-influences-on-caregiver-resilience-and-coping
#6
Marlon Garzo Saria, Natasia Courchesne, Lorraine Evangelista, Joshua Carter, Daniel A MacManus, Mary Kay Gorman, Adeline M Nyamathi, Linda R Phillips, David Piccioni, Santosh Kesari, Sally Maliski
PURPOSE: Neurologic deficits that may be manifested as cognitive impairment contribute to the challenges faced by caregivers of patients with brain metastases. To better address their needs, we examined how caregivers respond to these challenges and explore the relationship between the patient's cognitive impairment and caregiver resilience and coping. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive, cross-sectional study using self-reported data from 56 caregivers of patients with brain metastases...
December 5, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921026/a-study-on-the-association-of-diabetic-dermopathy-with-nephropathy-and-retinopathy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Mahmoud Mirhoseini, Nasrin Saleh, Ali Momeni, Fatemeh Deris, Majid Asadi-Samani
BACKGROUND: Diabetic dermopathy is one of the most prevalent skin complications in diabetes patients. Some studies have pointed to association of diabetic dermopathy with retinopathy and nephropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes as microangiopathy presentations, but no rigorous study has been conducted to confirm this association. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated association of diabetic dermopathy with nephropathy and retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes referring specialty clinic of Shahrekord...
October 2016: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921015/pediatric-olecranon-fractures-associated-with-radial-neck-fractures-review-and-report-of-two-cases
#8
Kemal Gokkus, Ozkan Kose, Murat Saylik, Ergin Sagtas, Ahmet Turan Aydin
INTRODUCTION: The debate regarding the description on classification and nomenclature of the injury which includes olecranon fracture associated with radial neck fractures in children is ongoing. We report two pediatric cases that could not be classified in a Monteggia-equivalents system and were treated with open reduction and k-wire fixation. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review regarding pediatric radial neck fractures associated with olecranon fractures and presentation of two pediatric cases of olecranon fractures associated with radial neck fractures with radiocapitellar dislocation...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921014/fireworks-related-injuries-in-iran-a-survey-following-the-2014-new-year-s-festival-in-tabriz
#9
Samad Shams Vahdati, Jamil Hemmate Gadim, Hossein Mazouchian
BACKGROUND: Iranian people celebrate the last Wednesday eve of the year as Chaharshanbe Suri and use explosives and firecrackers as part of this festival. OBJECTIVES: This study concerned fireworks injuries related to the Chaharshanbe Suri festival in Tabriz, a provincial capital in East Azerbaijan, Iran, to evaluate the epidemiology and provide data to prevent and manage these accidents. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was comprised of patients who were treated at the emergency department of Tabriz Sina hospital with burn injuries related to fireworks...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921000/distress-in-infertile-males-in-manipal-india-a-clinic-based-study
#10
Ansha Patel, Podila Satya Venkata Narasimha Sharma, Pratapkumar Narayan, Binu Valsalakumari Sreekumaran Nair, Dinesh Narayanakurup, Praveena Joglekar Pai
BACKGROUND: Being infertile comes as an overwhelming realization for couples trying to conceive. In consideration of rising rates of infertility worldwide, clinicians in India have also begun exploring this field for new possibilities, development and research. The purpose of this study was to estimate the proportion and predictors of infertility specific stress in males diagnosed with primary infertility. METHODS: This cross-sectional research was conducted in an assisted reproduction center, Manipal, India, on 300 infertile married males...
October 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920967/a-comparison-of-descriptive-and-functional-analyses-of-inappropriate-mealtime-behavior
#11
Carrie S W Borrero, Jennie D England, Ben Sarcia, Julia N Woods
In recent years, rather than being used to assess the potential function of a response, descriptive assessment methods have been applied to evaluate potential consequences or contingencies for problem behavior (Borrero, Woods, Borrero, Masler, & Lesser in Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 43, 71-88. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2010.43-71, 2010) or to assist with designing baseline conditions to approximate caregiver behavior (Casey et al. in Behavior Modification, 33, 537-558. doi: 10.1177/0145445509341457, 2009)...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920875/diffuse-thyroid-metastases-and-bilateral-internal-jugular-vein-tumor-thrombus-from-renal-cell-cancer
#12
Priyanka Jha, Mallika Shekhar, Jennifer Wan, Carina Mari-Aparici
Renal cell cancer rarely metastasizes to the thyroid gland, and it has been reported to present as a solitary mass. We present a case of diffuse thyroid cancer metastases from renal cell cancer. Bilateral internal jugular vein tumor thrombi were also present. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first description of diffuse thyroid metastases from renal cell cancer in the English literature. Renal cell cancer metastases should be considered in the differential of thyroid imaging abnormalities arising in the setting of known renal cell carcinoma, particularly late in the course of disease...
December 2016: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920848/a-systematic-investigation-of-sclerosing-mesenteritis-through-ct-and-mri
#13
Sotirios Apostolakis, Argyrios Ioannidis, Garyfalia Tsioga, Konstantina Papageorgiou, Georgios Velimezis
Sclerosing mesenteritis is primarily diagnosed through histologic and radiologic evaluation; however, only a few works provide a systematic description using MRI. This work presents the case of a 68-year-old male, who was admitted for a routine cholecystectomy. Intraoperativly, a large mass was identified dislocating the abdominal viscera. The microscopic examination revealed vascular congestion of the omentum. The contrast-enhanced CT and MRI scans revealed the presence of a heterogenous, lipomatous mass with lesions visible only in T2W and contrast-enhanced T1W MRI...
December 2016: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920829/clinical-and-genetic-features-of-australian-families-with-long-qt-syndrome-a-registry-based-study
#14
Charlotte Burns, Jodie Ingles, Andrew M Davis, Vanessa Connell, Belinda Gray, Lauren Hunt, Julie McGaughran, Christopher Semsarian
BACKGROUND: Familial long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a primary arrhythmogenic disorder caused by mutations in ion channel genes. The phenotype ranges from asymptomatic individuals to sudden cardiac arrest and death. LQTS is a rare but significant health problem for which global data should exist. This study sought to provide the first clinical and genetic description of Australian families with LQTS. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study to evaluate clinical and genetic features of families with LQTS...
December 2016: Journal of Arrhythmia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920761/diversity-and-distribution-of-phenol-oxidase-producing-fungi-from-soda-lake-and-description-of-curvularia-lonarensis-sp-nov
#15
Rahul Sharma, Om Prakash, Mahesh S Sonawane, Yogesh Nimonkar, Priyanka B Golellu, Rohit Sharma
Soda lake is hyper alkaline and saline habitat located in closed craters with high evaporation rate. In current study fungal diversity from water and sediment samples of a soda lake (Lonar lake) located in Buldhana district of Maharashtra, India was investigated using extensive culturomics approach and mimicking the natural conditions of Lonar lake in culture media. A total of 104 diverse isolates of extremophilic fungi were recovered from this study and phylogenetically characterized by internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region sequencing...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920726/hrvanalysis-a-free-software-for-analyzing-cardiac-autonomic-activity
#16
Vincent Pichot, Frédéric Roche, Sébastien Celle, Jean-Claude Barthélémy, Florian Chouchou
Since the pioneering studies of the 1960s, heart rate variability (HRV) has become an increasingly used non-invasive tool for examining cardiac autonomic functions and dysfunctions in various populations and conditions. Many calculation methods have been developed to address these issues, each with their strengths and weaknesses. Although, its interpretation may remain difficult, this technique provides, from a non-invasive approach, reliable physiological information that was previously inaccessible, in many fields including death and health prediction, training and overtraining, cardiac and respiratory rehabilitation, sleep-disordered breathing, large cohort follow-ups, children's autonomic status, anesthesia, or neurophysiological studies...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920697/end-of-life-practices-in-france-under-the-claeys-leonetti-law-report-of-three-cases-in-the-oncology-unit
#17
Alexandre de Nonneville, Anthony Marin, Theo Chabal, Veronique Tuzzolino, Marie Fichaux, Sebastien Salas
On February 2, 2016, the French government enacted the Claeys-Leonetti law introducing the right to deep and continuous sedation and forbade euthanasia for end-of-life patients. This article reports the first descriptions of this kind of intervention at the final stage of life of 3 patients and highlights the need of patient-centered goals and the importance of close collaboration between the patient, family, and medical and paramedical team to achieve a higher quality of final palliative care.
September 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920649/hepatoid-carcinoma-of-the-pancreas-case-report-next-generation-tumor-profiling-and-literature-review
#18
James M Chang, Nitin N Katariya, Dora M Lam-Himlin, Danielle J Haakinson, Ramesh K Ramanathan, Thorvardur R Halfdanarson, Mitesh J Borad, Rahul Pannala, Douglas Faigel, Adyr A Moss, Amit K Mathur
Fewer than 25 cases of hepatoid carcinoma of the pancreas have been reported in the literature. We present a case in a 61-year-old male with a remote history of Hodgkin's lymphoma and gastric neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia. On surveillance endoscopic ultrasound, an 8 × 5 mm cystic lesion was seen in the tail of the pancreas. MRI showed a focal pancreatic duct cut-off with mild ductal dilation. Fine needle aspiration was performed, which was concerning for acinar cell carcinoma. The patient underwent distal pancreatectomy and recovered uneventfully...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920607/description-of-the-first-species-of-fiorianteon-olmi-hymenoptera-dryinidae-from-the-afrotropical-region
#19
Adalgisa Guglielmino, Massimo Olmi, Alessandro Marletta, Stefano Speranza
Fiorianteon sulcatumsp. n. is described from Fianarantsoa Province (Madagascar). It is the first species of Fiorianteon found in the Afrotropical region. The genus Fiorianteon can be distinguished from the closely related genus Conganteon by the distal part of the stigmal vein, which is as long as, or shorter than the proximal part of the stigmal vein (longer than the proximal part of the vein in Conganteon).
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920605/a-new-species-of-iotarphia-cameron-coleoptera-staphylinidae-aleocharinae-from-tasmanian-seacoasts-australia
#20
Seung-Gyu Lee, Andrew W Osborn, Kee-Jeong Ahn
Iotarphia rufobrunnea Lee & Ahn, sp. n. is described from Tasmania. The new species is compared with another species of the genus, Iotarphia australis Cameron. A description, habitus photograph and illustrations of the diagnostic characters are provided.
2016: ZooKeys
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