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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545200/descriptive-epidemiology-of-female-breast-cancer-in-delhi-india
#1
Nalliah Manoharan, Omana Nair, N K Shukla, Goura Kishor Rath
Background: Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in females worldwide. The Population Based Cancer Registry data of Delhi were here used to describe the epidemiology and trends in breast cancer incidence in Delhi. Methods: Crude rate, age-standardized incidence rates (ASR) and age-specific incidence rates were calculated using the data collected by Delhi PBCR for the year 2012. The time trend of breast cancer incidence was evaluated by joinpoint regression using the PBCR data from 1988-2012...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545150/total-hip-knee-arthroplasty-in-the-treatment-of-tumor-induced-osteomalacia-patients-more-than-1-year-follow-up
#2
Wei Zhu, Qi Ma, Yanyan Bian, Qianyu Zhuang, Zenan Xia, Jin Jin, Xisheng Weng
BACKGROUND: Tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO) may result in a better prognosis after complete resection of the causative neoplasm. However, tumors located proximal to the articular surface of the metaphysis remain largely uninvestigated. METHODS: A retrospective study of sixteen patients was undertaken to evaluate treatment of tumors with joint arthroplasty and tumor resection. The bone metabolism index, hip/knee joint function, arthroplasty complications and symptoms were followed up for at least 12 months in each patient...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545144/quantitative-descriptions-of-rice-plant-architecture-and-their-application
#3
Xumeng Li, Xiaohui Wang, Yulin Peng, Hailin Wei, Xinguang Zhu, Shuoqi Chang, Ming Li, Tao Li, Huang Huang
Plant architecture is an important agronomic trait, and improving plant architecture has attracted the attention of scientists for decades, particularly studies to create desirable plant architecture for high grain yields through breeding and culture practices. However, many important structural phenotypic traits still lack quantitative description and modeling on structural-functional relativity. This study defined new architecture indices (AIs) derived from the digitalized plant architecture using the virtual blade method...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544948/defining-instances-and-limbs-during-performance-of-the-standing-turn
#4
Tina Smith, Siobhán Strike
Conventions have been reported to describe walking and turning gait. No such descriptions appear for the 180° standing turn and as such there are inconsistencies in the literature reporting on this movement. The complexity of explaining the standing turning motion, variation in number of steps when turning, and differing strategies used means conventions will make research reporting easier to comprehend and less likely for errors in interpretation. We propose definitions of the 180° standing turning motion and steps used to complete a turn for able-bodied and pathological populations to encourage consistency in reporting...
May 12, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544855/descriptive-study-of-relationship-between-cardio-ankle-vascular-index-and-biomarkers-in-vascular-related-diseases
#5
Jinbo Liu, Huan Liu, Hongwei Zhao, Guangyun Shang, Yingyan Zhou, Lihong Li, Hongyu Wang
BACKGROUND: Cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) was supposed to be an independent predictor for vascular-related events. Biomarkers such as homocysteine (Hcy), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), and urine albumin(microalbumin) (UAE) have involved the pathophysiological development of arteriosclerosis. The present study was to investigate relationship between CAVI and biomarkers in vascular-related diseases. METHODS: A total of 656 subjects (M/F 272/384) from department of Vascular Medicine were enrolled into our study...
May 25, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544731/taking-control-over-microbial-populations-current-approaches-for-exploiting-biological-noise-in-bioprocesses
#6
REVIEW
Frank Delvigne, Jonathan Baert, Hosni Sassi, Patrick Fickers, Alexander Grünberger, Christian Dusny
Phenotypic plasticity of microbial cells has attracted much attention and several research efforts have been dedicated to the description of methods aiming at characterizing phenotypic heterogeneity and its impact on microbial populations. However, different approaches have also been suggested in order to take benefit from noise in a bioprocess perspective, e.g. by increasing the robustness or productivity of a microbial population. This review is dedicated to outline these controlling methods. A common issue, that has still to be addressed, is the experimental identification and the mathematical expression of noise...
May 24, 2017: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544676/robotic-distal-locking-of-intramedullary-nailing-technical-description-and-cadaveric-testing
#7
Martin Panzica, Eduardo M Suero, Ralf Westphal, Musa Citak, Emmanouil Liodakis, Nael Hawi, Max Petri, Christian Krettek, Timo Stuebig
Interlocked intramedullary nailing is the treatment of choice for femoral shaft fractures. However, distal locking is a technically challenging part of the procedure that can result in distal femoral malrotation and high radiation exposure. We have tested a robotic procedure for robotic distal locking based on the computation of a drilling trajectory on two calibrated fluoroscopic images. Twenty distal holes were attempted in ten cadaveric femur specimens. Successful screw hole drilling was achieved at the first attempt in each of the ten specimens (20 drill holes in total)...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544668/intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Melanie Brown, Lauren Robinson, Giovanna Cristina Campione, Kelsey Wuensch, Tom Hildebrandt, Nadia Micali
Intolerance of uncertainty is an empirically supported transdiagnostic construct that may have relevance in understanding eating disorders. We conducted a meta-analysis and systematic review of intolerance of uncertainty in eating disorders using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. We calculated random-effects standardised mean differences (SMD) for studies utilising the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale (IUS) and summarised additional studies descriptively...
May 23, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544667/effect-of-the-long-term-administration-of-cyclosporine-a-on-bone-healing-around-osseointegrated-titanium-implants-a-histomorphometric-study-in-the-rabbit-tibia
#9
Rafael Scaf de Molon, Celso Eduardo Sakakura, Rafael Silveira Faeda, Rafael Sartori, Daniel Palhares, Rogerio Margonar, Elcio Marcantonio
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of cyclosporine A (CsA) therapy on bone healing around osseointegrated implants in the rabbit by means of descriptive histologic and histomorphometric analyses. Eighteen rabbits received one implant each in the right tibia proximal metaphysis. After the bone-healing period of 3 months, 6 randomly selected animals were sacrificed (Group CTL-12) before the immunosuppression therapy initiation to obtain a standard of implant integration. Another six randomly selected animals were submitted to a daily subcutaneous (sc) injection of 10 mg/kg CsA (Group CsA) whereas the six remaining animals received daily sc injections of saline solution (Group CTL-24)...
May 22, 2017: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544470/patients-help-seeking-experiences-and-delaying-in-breast-cancer-diagnosis-a-qualitative-study
#10
Mariko Oshiro, Midori Kamizato
AIM: To identify the influencing factors in help-seeking behavior by comparing delayers with non-delayers in Japanese female patients with breast cancer. METHODS: This is a descriptive qualitative study. A total of 21 female patients with breast cancer (nine delayers and 12 non-delayers) who were at least 3 months to 5 years postdiagnosis were recruited from two hospitals in Okinawa, Japan. Semistructured interviews were carried out and the results were analyzed by using a qualitative inductive approach...
May 23, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544459/plaque-removal-with-triple-headed-vs-single-headed-manual-toothbrushes-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
S M Kalf-Scholte, G A Van der Weijden, Ewp Bakker, D E Slot
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to establish the effectiveness of brushing with a triple-headed manual toothbrush compared to a single-headed manual toothbrush on plaque removal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MEDLINE-PubMed and Cochrane-CENTRAL databases were searched. The inclusion criteria were clinical trials conducted with humans without fixed orthodontic appliances who were not dental care professionals. Papers that evaluated the effect of toothbrushing with a triple-headed manual toothbrush compared to a single-headed manual toothbrush on plaque removal were included...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544450/inpatient-dependency-in-activities-of-daily-living-predicts-informal-caregiver-strain-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
José Manuel Pérez Mármol, María Luz Flores Antigüedad, Adelaida María Castro Sánchez, Rosa María Tapia Haro, María Del Carmen García Ríos, María Encarnación Aguilar Ferrándiz
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: to investigate what factors influence caregiver strain in informal caregivers just before inpatients are discharged. BACKGROUND: Previous research has investigated the risk factors related to the burden on caregivers in different clinical contexts. However, the findings from studies analyzing these factors just before inpatients are discharged are uncertain. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design. METHODS: The study involved 100 inpatients and 100 informal caregivers from 7 different hospital units...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544343/levels-of-anxiety-in-parents-in-the-24-h-before-and-after-their-child-s-surgery-a-descriptive-study
#13
Laura Pomicino, Elena Maccacari, Sara Buchini
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To: a. investigate pre and post-operative anxiety levels in parents of surgical patients; b. identify factors that affect parental anxiety; c. analyze assistance provided and overall parental satisfaction in order to assess if and how this aspect can impact their anxiety level. BACKGROUND: Surgery as an event generates anxiety in children and their parents. Children who are anxious before surgery are likely to develop more postoperative psychological and physiological complications than those who are not...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544339/family-functioning-and-perceived-support-from-nurses-during-cancer-treatment-among-danish-and-australian-patients-and-their-families
#14
Karin B Dieperink, Elisabeth Coyne, Debra K Creedy, Birte Østergaard
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to compare family functioning and perceptions of support from nurses among Danish and Australian adult oncology patients and family members. BACKGROUND: Family can have a strong influence on the health of individuals, providing support during a health crisis such as cancer. However, family functioning and supportive care from nurses may vary across cultures and settings. DESIGN AND METHODS: A descriptive, cross sectional comparative design with patients and family members from Denmark and Australia...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544331/experiences-and-views-of-married-women-about-domestic-violence
#15
Rukiye Turk, Sevilay Senol Celik, Merve Çetin, Gamze Soydan
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the experiences and views of married women about the topic of domestic violence. METHODS: This research was planned as a mixed methods study with an in-depth interview and descriptive approach. The study was conducted between November 2011 and December 2012 with 24 married women living in Ankara, Turkey. Two main data-collection tools were used in the study: the "Personal Information Form" and the "In-depth Interview Questionnaire...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544149/what-s-in-a-name-the-incorrect-use-of-case-series-as-a-study-design-label-in-studies-involving-dogs-and-cats
#16
J M Sargeant, A M O'Connor, J N Cullen, K M Makielski, A Jones-Bitton
BACKGROUND: Study design labels are used to identify relevant literature to address specific clinical and research questions and to aid in evaluating the evidentiary value of research. Evidence from the human healthcare literature indicates that the label "case series" may be used inconsistently and inappropriately. OBJECTIVE: Our primary objective was to determine the proportion of studies in the canine and feline veterinary literature labeled as case series that actually corresponded to descriptive cohort studies, population-based cohort studies, or other study designs...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544096/getting-safely-through-the-shift-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-administrative-supervisor-role
#17
Susan H Weaver, Teri G Lindgren
AIM: The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the administrative supervisors' perspective of their managerial practices and how these practices contribute to nurse and patient safety. BACKGROUND: The position of administrative supervisor, often referred to as house supervisor on the evening and night shifts, lacks empirical data supporting efficacy. METHOD: A focused ethnographic study was conducted with 30 administrative supervisors from acute care hospitals, using in-depth interviews and job descriptions...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544078/emergency-medical-services-providers-perspective-of-end-of-life-decision-making-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities
#18
Jacqueline McGinley, Deborah P Waldrop, Brian Clemency
BACKGROUND: Emergency medical services (EMS) providers are often called to rapidly determine and act upon patients' wishes for end-of-life care. People with intellectual disabilities are living increasingly longer with complex conditions leading to international calls for person-centred advance care planning. Yet, best estimates suggest that very few people with intellectual disabilities document their wishes. METHODS: This exploratory-descriptive study incorporated mixed methods to analyse data collected consecutively (surveys, n = 239; interviews, n = 48) with EMS providers from five agencies...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543975/the-relationship-between-smoking-and-convivial-intimate-and-negative-coping-alcohol-consumption-in-young-adults
#19
George Kritsotakis, Theocharis Konstantinidis, Zacharenia Androulaki, Efthimia Rizou, Eleni Maria Asprogeraka, Vasiliki Pitsouni
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the gender-specific associations of smoking with Convivial, Negative Coping, and Intimate drinking contexts in young adults. BACKGROUND: Alcohol and cigarettes co-use is common and to be more effective in prevention activities, we need to understand the drinking contexts that facilitate their co-occurrence. DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional survey in the context of the LATO study (Lifestyle & Attitudes in a Student Population) in Greece...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543878/mitap-compliant-characterisation-of-human-regulatory-macrophages
#20
REVIEW
James A Hutchinson, Nobert Ahrens, Edward K Geissler
This article provides a transparent description of Mreg_UKR cell products, including manufacture and quality-control processes, using the structure and vocabulary of the 'Minimum Information about Tolerogenic Antigen-presenting Cells' reporting guidelines. This information is intended as a resource for those in the field, as well as a stimulus to develop a new wave of immunoregulatory and tissue-reparative monocyte-derived cell therapies. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
May 20, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
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