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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823138/the-effect-of-age-genotype-and-sex-on-carcass-traits-meat-quality-and-sensory-attributes-of-geese
#1
Linda Uhlířová, Eva Tůmová, Darina Chodová, Jana Vlčková, Mohamed Ketta, Zdeněk Volek, Věra Skřivanová
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare carcass traits, meat quality and sensory attributes in two different genotypes of geese according to age and sex. Methods: The experiment was carried out on 160 birds of two genotypes of geese: the Czech Goose (CG) breed and a Eskildsen Schwer (ES) hybrid. One-d-old goslings were divided into four groups according to genotype and sex. Two dates for slaughtering (at 8 and 16 wk of age of goslings) were undertaken. Results: The slaughter weight, cold carcass weight and dressing percentage were affected by all the studied factors, and significant interactions between age, genotype and sex were detected in the slaughter weight (P < 0...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823135/the-meat-quality-muscle-fiber-characteristics-and-fatty-acid-profile-in-jinjiang-and-f1-simmental%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-jinjiang-yellow-cattle
#2
Yue Zheng, Shizhi Wang, Peishi Yan
Objective: This study compared the meat quality, muscle fiber characteristics, and fatty acids between Jinjiang yellow cattle (JJ) and F1 Simmental × Jinjiang yellow cattle (SJ) which were offered the same diet. Methods: Six JJ and six SJ individuals were reared and fattened from 10 to 26 months of age. After feeding, the highrib (HR), ribeye (RB) and tenderloin (TL) samples were taken from the carcass for meat quality evaluations. Results: The results showed that growth performance of SJ was higher than that of JJ (higher live weight and average daily gain), and the hot carcass weight of SJ was higher than that of JJ (P < 0...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823131/effect-of-wheat-bran-and-dried-carrot-pomace-addition-on-quality-characteristics-of-chicken-sausage
#3
Sanjay Yadav, Ashok K Pathera, Rayees Ul Islam, Ashok K Malik, Diwakar P Sharma
Objective: Effect of addition of wheat bran (WB) and dried carrot pomace (DCP) on sensory, textural, colour, physico-chemical and nutritional characteristics of chicken sausage were evaluated. Methods: WB and DCP were used as a source of dietary fibre at 3%, 6% and 9% level individually. Different quality attributes of sausages were estimated. One product from each source with very good sensory acceptability was selected to analyze dietary fibre content and shelf life under refrigerated storage...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823130/use-of-alternative-curing-salts-for-processing-salamis
#4
Dong-Gyun Yim, Ku-Young Chung, Cheorun Jo, Ki-Chang Nam
Objective: This study was performed to determine effects of different curing salts on the quality of salamis and to assess feasibility of using NaCl-alternative salts. Methods: Various types of curing salts (KCl or MgCl2) as well as NaCl (sun-dried or refined) were incorporated for processing of salamis. The proximate composition, fatty acids, nucleotide-related compounds, and free amino acids of the salamis were analyzed during 40 days of ripening. Results: The substitution of NaCl by KCl caused higher fat and ash content, but lower moisture content of the salami after 20 days of ripening (p<0...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823129/effect-of-different-grinding-levels-of-corn-grain-on-ruminal-fermentation-and-blood-metabolites-of-holstein-steers-fed-total-mixed-ration-as-a-basal
#5
Do Hyung Kim, Seong Ho Choi, Sung Kwon Park, Sung Sill Lee, Chang Weon Choi
Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the effect different grinding levels of corn grain on ruminal fermentation and blood metabolites in Holstein steers fed TMR as a basal diet in order to provide fundamental data of corn grain for cattle in Korea. Methods: Four ruminally cannulated Holstein steers (BW 592 ± 29.9 kg) fed TMR as a basal diet were used and housed individually in an auto temperature and humidity modulated chamber (24ºC and 60% for 22 h/d)...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823122/genetic-analysis-of-milk-production-traits-of-tunisian-holsteins-using-random-regression-test-day-model-with-legendre-polynomials
#6
Hafedh Ben Zaabza, Abderrahmen Ben Gara, Boulbaba Rekik
Objective: The objective of this study was to estimate genetic parameters of milk, fat, and protein yields within and across lactations in Tunisian Holsteins using a random regression test-day model. Methods: A random regression multiple trait multiple lactation test-day (TD) model was used to estimate genetic parameters in the Tunisian dairy cattle population. Data were TD yields of milk, fat, and protein from the first three lactations. Random regressions were modeled with third-order Legendre polynomials for the additive genetic, and permanent environment effects...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823116/outcomes-of-living-donor-kidney-transplantation-in-diabetic-patients-age-and-sex-matched-comparison-with-non-diabetic-patients
#7
Chung Hee Baek, Hyosang Kim, Seung Don Baek, Mun Jang, Wonhak Kim, Won Seok Yang, Duck Jong Han, Su-Kil Park
Background/Aims: Kidney transplantation (KT) reportedly provides a significant survival advantage over dialysis in diabetic patients. However, KT outcome in diabetic patients compared with that in non-diabetic patients remains controversial. In addition, owing to recent improvements in the outcomes of KT and management of cardiovascular diseases, it is necessary to analyze outcomes of recently performed KT in diabetic patients. Methods: We reviewed all diabetic patients who received living donor KT between January 2008 and December 2011...
August 21, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823109/comparison-of-two-home-sleep-testing-devices-with-different-strategies-for-diagnosis-of-osa
#8
Tyler Gumb, Akosua Twumasi, Shahnaz Alimokhtari, Alan Perez, Kathleen Black, David M Rapoport, Jag Sunderram, Indu Ayappa
PURPOSE: Home sleep testing devices are being widely used in diagnosis/screening for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We examined differences in OSA metrics obtained from two devices with divergent home monitoring strategies, the Apnea Risk Evaluation System (ARES™, multiple signals plus forehead reflectance oximetry) and the Nonin WristOx2™ (single channel finger transmission pulse oximeter), compared to differences from night-night variability of OSA. METHODS: One hundred fifty-two male/26 female subjects (BMI = 30...
August 19, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823103/bariatric-surgery-is-accompanied-by-changes-in-extracellular-vesicle-associated-and-plasma-fatty-acid-binding-protein-4
#9
Justyna K Witczak, Thinzar Min, Sarah L Prior, Jeffrey W Stephens, Philip E James, Aled Rees
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery markedly reduces fat mass with beneficial effects on cardiometabolic health but the mechanisms involved are not fully understood. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are secreted by a variety of cells, including adipocytes, and may mediate some of these benefits. However, the effects of bariatric surgery on circulating EVs are unclear. METHODS: Concentration of plasma EVs isolated by ultracentrifugation at baseline, 1 and 6 months post-bariatric surgery (n = 20) was established using Nanoparticle Tracking Analysis...
August 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823099/evidence-of-dysexecutive-syndrome-in-patients-with-acromegaly
#10
Shaobo Shan, Lingling Fang, Jia Huang, Raymond C K Chan, Guijun Jia, Weiqing Wan
PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore different aspects of executive function in patients with acromegaly and investigate the cause of dysexecutive syndrome in these patients. METHODS: We conducted five typical executive function tests (Stroop test, verbal fluency [VF] test, Hayling Sentence Completion Test [HSCT], N-back test, and Sustained Attention to Response Task [SART]) on 42 acromegalic patients and 42 strictly matched healthy controls. Comparative analyses were conducted for five major executive function domains...
August 19, 2017: Pituitary
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823093/candida-albicans-staphylococcus-aureus-dual-species-biofilm-as-a-target-for-the-combination-of-essential-oils-and-fluconazole-or-mupirocin
#11
Aleksandra Budzyńska, Sylwia Różalska, Beata Sadowska, Barbara Różalska
The effectiveness of essential oils (EOs), fluconazole (FLU) and mupirocin (MUP) used alone or in combination against mono-species and mixed Candida albicans/Staphylococcus aureus biofilms was examined. An experimentally established dual-species biofilm model, verified by fluorescence microscopy and viable cell counting, was used. Selected commercial EOs were tested: geranium, citronella and clove oils, which have been chemically characterized and found to differ in the content of the main components (qualitative and quantitative)...
August 19, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823091/trauma-ptsd-and-the-developing-brain
#12
REVIEW
Ryan J Herringa
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: PTSD in youth is common and debilitating. In contrast to adult PTSD, relatively little is known about the neurobiology of pediatric PTSD, nor how neurodevelopment may be altered. This review summarizes recent neuroimaging studies in pediatric PTSD and discusses implications for future study. RECENT FINDINGS: Pediatric PTSD is characterized by abnormal structure and function in neural circuitry supporting threat processing and emotion regulation...
August 19, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823073/effect-of-low-level-laser-therapy-%C3%AE-780%C3%A2-nm-on-the-mechanically-damaged-dentin-pulp-complex-in-a-model-of-extrusive-luxation-in-rat-incisors
#13
Dandara Andrade de Santana, Gabriela Ferraz Fonseca, Luciana Maria Pedreira Ramalho, Tânia Tavares Rodriguez, Marcio Cajazeira Aguiar
In order to regenerate the dental pulp, many strategies have been developed as phototherapy. In the pulp repair, we do not know if gallium-aluminum-arsenide (GaAlAs) laser preserves the primary odontoblasts or stimulates the formation of more dentin matrix when dental pulp is damaged. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of laser phototherapy (λ780 nm) on vascularization, inflammation, density of the primary odontoblast layer, and formation of reactionary and reparative dentin in the dental pulp by provoking extrusion of the rat incisor...
August 19, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823069/current-status-of-cattle-production-system-in-nyagatare-district-rwanda
#14
Eugene Mazimpaka, Francis Mbuza, Tukei Michael, Eugene N Gatari, E M Bukenya, Okwee-Acai James
A study was conducted to characterize the cattle production systems in Nyagatare District, Eastern Province of Rwanda using pre-tested questionnaires, interviews with key informants as well as focus group discussions in a period of 2 months. The respondents were selected by multi-stage sampling at sector and cell levels. Based on the procedure of Krejcie and Morgan (Educational and Psychological Measurement 30:607-610, 1970) to determine the overall sample size, the result indicated that the majority (98.3%) of farms were privately owned by large families of five to seven members, and most farmers (53...
August 19, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823066/distribution-and-health-risk-assessment-to-heavy-metals-near-smelting-and-mining-areas-of-hezhang-china
#15
Meryem Briki, Yi Zhu, Yang Gao, Mengmeng Shao, Huaijian Ding, Hongbing Ji
Mining and smelting areas in Hezhang have generated a large amount of heavy metals into the environment. For that cause, an evaluative study on human exposure to heavy metals including Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cr, As, Cd, Pb, Sb, Bi, Be, and Hg in hair and urine was conducted for their concentrations and correlations. Daily exposure and non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risk were estimated. Sixty-eight scalp hair and 66 urine samples were taken from participants of different ages (6-17, 18-40, 41-60, and ≥ 65 years) living in the vicinity of an agricultural soil near mine and smelting areas...
August 19, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823065/elevated-serum-estradiol-levels-in-artificial-autologous-frozen-embryo-transfer-cycles-negatively-impact-ongoing-pregnancy-and-live-birth-rates
#16
Rani Fritz, Sangita Jindal, Heather Feil, Erkan Buyuk
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the correlation between serum estradiol (E2) levels during artificial autologous frozen embryo transfer (FET) cycles and ongoing pregnancy/live birth rates (OP/LB). METHODS: A historical cohort study was conducted in an academic setting in order to correlate peak and average estradiol levels with ongoing pregnancy/live birth rates for all autologous artificial frozen embryo transfer cycles performed from 1/2011 to 12/2014...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823064/preoperative-hypoalbuminemia-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-increased-high-grade-morbidity-after-elective-rectal-cancer-resection
#17
J Hardt, L Pilz, J Magdeburg, P Kienle, S Post, R Magdeburg
PURPOSE: This study investigated the association of preoperative hypoalbuminemia and postoperative complications after elective resection for rectal cancer. METHODS: From September 2009 to December 2014, all patients who underwent elective rectal resection for adenocarcinoma of the rectum were identified using a prospective colorectal cancer database. Hypoalbuminemia was defined as a serum albumin < 35 g/L. Characteristics and outcomes of hypoalbuminemic patients were compared to those of patients with normal albumin levels...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823059/influence-of-dextrins-on-the-production-of-spiramycin-and-impurity-components-by-streptomyces-ambofaciens
#18
Kaiya Yao, Shuhong Gao, Yanjie Wu, Zhen Zhao, Wen Wang, Quangui Mao
Spiramycin is a 16-membered macrolide antibiotic produced by Streptomyces ambofaciens and used in human medicine for the treatment of various respiratory tract and genital infections. Several impurities were detected in spiramycin-fermentation broth, especially impurities D and F, which decreased the separation-extraction yield and increased production cost. Dextrins, as the main carbon source, influence the accumulation of spiramycin and impurities. In this work, two types of dextrin from vendor Y and Z were compared to study their influences on spiramycin production...
August 19, 2017: Folia Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823057/fusobacterium-nucleatum-as-a-prognostic-marker-of-colorectal-cancer-in-a-japanese-population
#19
Yuko Yamaoka, Yutaka Suehiro, Shinichi Hashimoto, Tomomi Hoshida, Michiyo Fujimoto, Michiya Watanabe, Daiki Imanaga, Kouhei Sakai, Toshihiko Matsumoto, Mitsuaki Nishioka, Taro Takami, Nobuaki Suzuki, Shoichi Hazama, Hiroaki Nagano, Isao Sakaida, Takahiro Yamasaki
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence shows an overabundance of Fusobacterium nucleatum in colorectal tumor tissues. However, the correlation between the absolute copy number of F. nucleatum in colorectal cancer tissues and colorectal cancer progression is unclear from previous reports. Therefore, we performed a study to compare the abundance of F. nucleatum in colorectal tissues with clinicopathologic and molecular features of colorectal cancer. METHODS: We collected 100 colorectal cancer tissues and 72 matched normal-appearing mucosal tissues...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823054/recent-advances-in-synthetic-lipopeptides-as-anti-microbial-agents-designs-and-synthetic-approaches
#20
REVIEW
Jun-Jie Koh, Shuimu Lin, Roger W Beuerman, Shouping Liu
Infectious diseases impose serious public health burdens and continue to be a global public health crisis. The treatment of infections caused by multidrug-resistant pathogens is challenging because only a few viable therapeutic options are clinically available. The emergence and risk of drug-resistant superbugs and the dearth of new classes of antibiotics have drawn increasing awareness that we may return to the pre-antibiotic era. To date, lipopeptides have been received considerable attention because of the following properties: They exhibit potent antimicrobial activities against a broad spectrum of pathogens, rapid bactericidal activity and have a different antimicrobial action compared with most of the conventional antibiotics used today and very slow development of drug resistance tendency...
August 19, 2017: Amino Acids
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