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MiR-146a gene

Quan-Bo Zhang, Yu-Feng Qing, Cong-Cong Yin, Li Zhou, Xian-Shuang Liu, Qing-Sheng Mi, Jing-Guo Zhou
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) serve as important regulators of inflammatory and immune responses and are implicated in several immune disorders including gouty arthritis. The expression of miR-146a is upregulated in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with inter-critical gout when compared to normouricemic and hyperuricemic controls and those patients with acute gout flares. However, the role of miR-146a in the development of gout remains unknown. Here, we used miR-146a knockout (KO) mice to test miR-146a function in a monosodium urate (MSU)-induced gouty arthritis model...
March 15, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Wan Peng, Yan Sun, Gao-Fei Li, Liang-Ge He, Ruo-Zhu Li, Yao-Si Liang, Xu Ding, Xue Yu, Yong Zhang, Hao-Ran Lin, Dan-Qi Lu
Interferon gamma (IFNγ) is a Th1 cytokine that is critical for innate and adaptive immunity. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) signaling pathways are critical in early host defense against invading pathogens. miR-146a has been reported to participate in the regulation of host immunity. The known mechanisms of integrations between the IFNγ and TLR signaling pathways are incompletely understood, especially in teleosts. In this study, orange-spotted grouper ( Epinephelus coioides ) IFNγ1 and IFNγ2, their biological activities, especially their involvements in TLR pathway, were explored...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
S Mashayekhi, H Saeidi Saedi, Z Salehi, S Soltanipour, E Mirzajani
Background microRNAs (miRNAs) are potentially involved in many physiopathological processes, including regulation of cell growth, differentiation, apoptosis and cancer. Single nucleotide polymorphisms of the genes encoding miRNAs can alter their expression and may influence cancer risks. This case-control study explored the relationship between three microRNA polymorphisms (miR-27a, miR-196a2 and miR -146a) and breast cancer (BC). Methods A total of 353 breast cancer cases and 353 controls were genotyped for miR-27a (rs895819), miR-196a2 (rs11614913) and miR -146a (rs2910164)...
March 9, 2018: British Journal of Biomedical Science
Ligang Zhang, Meng Zhang, Hao Wang, Yangyang Wang, Jun Zhou, Zongyao Hao, Li Zhang, Chaozhao Liang
Gene expression is negatively regulated by microRNAs (miRNAs), which commonly act as tumor oncogenes or suppressors. Previous results were inconsistent concerning the relationship between polymorphisms in miRNAs and risk of urological neoplasms. Here, we conducted a comprehensive literature research on diverse databases aiming at enrolling all eligible studies up to August 31, 2016. A total of 13 publications comprising 29 case-control studies were enrolled for three polymorphisms in three miRNAs. Overall analyses suggested significant associations between miR-146a rs2910164 polymorphism and urological neoplasms risk in allelic, homozygote and recessive models...
February 28, 2018: Scientific Reports
Yongchu Pan, Dandan Li, Shu Lou, Chi Zhang, Yifei Du, Hongbing Jiang, Weibing Zhang, Lan Ma, Lin Wang
microRNAs (miRNAs) are widely involved in craniofacial development, and genetic variants of miRNAs may be associated with the risk of non-syndromic orofacial cleft (NSOC). Here, we systematically selected five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of miRNAs and investigated the associations between these variants and NSOC susceptibility in a two-stage case-control study including 1,406 NSOC patients and 1,578 controls from the Chinese population. We found that compared with the C allele, the rs2910164 G allele of pre-miR-146a was associated with an increased risk of NSOC (additive model: odds ratio (OR) = 1...
February 27, 2018: Human Mutation
Xuecheng Yang, Xin Mao, Xuemei Ding, Fengju Guan, Yuefeng Jia, Lei Luo, Bin Li, Hailin Tan, Caixia Cao
Oxidative stress and miRNAs have been confirmed to play an important role in neurological diseases. The study aimed to explore the underlying effect and mechanisms of miR-146a in H2 O2 -induced injury of PC12 cells. Here, PC12 cells were stimulated with 200 μM of H2 O2 to construct oxidative injury model. Cell injury was evaluated on the basis of the changes in cell viability, migration, invasion, apoptosis, and DNA damage. Results revealed that miR-146a expression was up-regulated in H2 O2 -induced PC12 cells...
February 26, 2018: Cell Biology and Toxicology
Stephanie R Harrison, Thomas Scambler, Lylia Oubussad, Chi Wong, Miriam Wittmann, Michael F McDermott, Sinisa Savic
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-receptor-associated periodic fever syndrome (TRAPS) is a rare monogenic autoinflammatory disorder characterized by mutations in the TNFRSF1A gene, causing TNF-receptor 1 (TNFR1) misfolding, increased cellular stress, activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR), and hyperresponsiveness to lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Both microRNA (miR)-146a and miR-155 provide negative feedback for LPS-toll-like receptor 2/4 signaling and cytokine production, through regulation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB)...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Tara L Croston, Angela R Lemons, Donald H Beezhold, Brett J Green
Fungal bioaerosols are ubiquitous in the environment and human exposure can result in a variety of health effects ranging from systemic, subcutaneous, and cutaneous infections to respiratory morbidity including allergy, asthma, and hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Recent research has focused on the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) following fungal exposure and is overlooked, yet important, group of regulators capable of influencing fungal immune responses through a variety of cellular mechanisms. These small non-coding ribose nucleic acids function to regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level and have been shown to participate in multiple disease pathways including cancer, heart disease, apoptosis, as well as immune responses to microbial hazards and occupational allergens...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Harshavardhan Janga, Marina Aznaourova, Fabian Boldt, Katrin Damm, Arnold Grünweller, Leon N Schulte
CRISPR/Cas9-based approaches have greatly facilitated targeted genomic deletions. Contrary to coding genes however, which can be functionally knocked out by frame-shift mutagenesis, non-coding RNA (ncRNA) gene knockouts have remained challenging. Here we present a universal ncRNA knockout approach guided by epigenetic hallmarks, which enables robust gene silencing even in provisionally annotated gene loci. We build on previous work reporting the presence of overlapping histone H3 lysine 4 tri-methylation (H3K4me3) and DNaseI hypersensitivity sites around the transcriptional start sites of most genes...
2018: PloS One
Junqing Chen, Zhanhong Chen, Jian Huang, Feng Chen, Weiwu Ye, Guojun Ding, Xiaojia Wang
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) accounts for approximately 15-20% of all breast cancer cases and is usually more aggressive with a poorer clinical outcome compared with other breast cancer subtypes. Evidence of the involvement of microRNAs (miRNAs) in cancer has provided an opportunity for the development of novel effective therapeutic targets in TNBC. In the present study, the miRNA expression profiles of the human breast cancer cell line, MDA-MB-231, and MCF-7 cells, was evaluated by using miRNA microarray analysis...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
Joshua L Heuslein, Stephanie P McDonnell, Ji Song, Brian H Annex, Richard J Price
The growth of endogenous collateral arteries that bypass arterial occlusion(s), or arteriogenesis, is a fundamental shear stress-induced adaptation with implications for treating peripheral arterial disease. MicroRNAs (miRs) are key regulators of gene expression in response to injury and have strong therapeutic potential. In a previous study, we identified miR-146a as a candidate regulator of vascular remodeling. Here, we tested whether miR-146a regulates in vitro angiogenic endothelial cell (EC) behaviors, as well as perfusion recovery, arteriogenesis, and angiogenesis in response to femoral arterial ligation (FAL) in vivo...
2018: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Ismini Lasithiotaki, Eliza Tsitoura, Anastasios Koutsopoulos, Eleni Lagoudaki, Chara Koutoulaki, George Pitsidianakis, Demetrios A Spandidos, Nikolaos M Siafakas, George Sourvinos, Katerina M Antoniou
Merkel Cell Polyoma Virus (MCPyV) infection has been associated with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Viruses can manipulate cellular miRNAs or have a profound impact on cellular miRNA expression to control host regulatory pathways. In this study, we evaluated the expression profiles of cancer-associated and virally affected host microRNAs miR-21, miR-145, miR-146a, miR-155, miR-302c, miR-367 and miR-376c in a series of NSCLC tissue samples as well as in samples from "healthy" sites, distant from the tumour region that were either positive or negative for MCPyV DNA...
December 22, 2017: Oncotarget
Linrong Pang, Jinger Lu, Jia Huang, Caihong Xu, Hui Li, Guangbo Yuan, Xiaochun Cheng, Jun Chen
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of microRNA (miR-)146a on the cisplatin sensitivity of the non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cell line and study the underlying molecular mechanism. The differences in expression of miRNAs between A549 and A549/cisplatin (A549/DDP) cells were determined, and miR-146a was selected to study its effect on cisplatin sensitivity of A549/DDP cells. miR-146a mimic and inhibitor transient transfection systems were constructed using vectors, and A549/DDP cells were infected with miR-146a mimic and inhibitor to investigate growth, apoptosis and migration...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
Renjie Chen, Huichu Li, Jing Cai, Cuicui Wang, Zhijing Lin, Cong Liu, Yue Niu, Zhuohui Zhao, Weihua Li, Haidong Kan
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a key factor in epigenetic regulation of gene expression, but miRNA responses to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) air pollution and their potential contribution to cardiovascular effects of PM2.5 are unknown. OBJECTIVE: We explored the potential influence of PM2.5 on the expression of selected cytokines relevant to systemic inflammation, coagulation, and vasoconstriction, and on miRNAs that may regulate their expression. METHODS: We designed a double-blind, randomized crossover study in which true and sham air purifiers were used to expose 55 healthy young adult students in Shanghai, China, to reduced or ambient levels of indoor PM2...
January 17, 2018: Environmental Health Perspectives
Yiren Jiao, Bo Huang, Yu Chen, Guangliang Hong, Jian Xu, Chingyuan Hu, Chong Wang
Notch signaling as a conserved cell fate regulator is involved in the regulation of cell quiescence, proliferation, differentiation and postnatal tissue regeneration. However, how Notch signaling regulates porcine satellite cells (PSCs) has not been elucidated. We stably transfected Notch1 intracellular domain (N1ICD) into PSCs to analyze the gene expression profile and miRNA-seq. The analysis of the gene expression profile identified 295 differentially-expressed genes (DEGs) in proliferating-N1ICD PSCs (P-N1ICD) and nine DEGs on differentiating-N1ICD PSCs (D-N1ICD), compared with that in control groups (P-Control and D-Control, respectively)...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Carlos Perez-Sanchez, Pilar Font-Ugalde, Patricia Ruiz-Limon, Chary Lopez-Pedrera, Maria C Castro-Villegas, Maria C Abalos-Aguilera, Nuria Barbarroja, Ivan Arias-de la Rosa, Maria D Lopez-Montilla, Alejandro Escudero-Contreras, Clementina Lopez-Medina, Eduardo Collantes-Estevez, Yolanda Jimenez-Gomez
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) remains difficult to diagnose before irreversible damage to sacroiliac joint is noticeable. Circulating microRNAs have demonstrated to serve as diagnostic tools for several human diseases. Here, we analyzed plasma microRNAs to identify potential AS biomarkers. Higher expression levels of microRNA (miR)-146a-5p, miR-125a-5p, miR-151-3p, and miR-22-3p, and lower of miR-150-5p, and miR-451a were found in AS versus healthy donors. Interestingly, higher miR-146a-5p, miR-125a-5p, miR-151-3p, miR-22-3p, and miR-451a expression was also observed in AS than psoriatic arthritis patients...
January 10, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
Ilaria Prada, Martina Gabrielli, Elena Turola, Alessia Iorio, Giulia D'Arrigo, Roberta Parolisi, Mariacristina De Luca, Marco Pacifici, Mattia Bastoni, Marta Lombardi, Giuseppe Legname, Dan Cojoc, Annalisa Buffo, Roberto Furlan, Francesca Peruzzi, Claudia Verderio
Recent evidence indicates synaptic dysfunction as an early mechanism affected in neuroinflammatory diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, which are characterized by chronic microglia activation. However, the mode(s) of action of reactive microglia in causing synaptic defects are not fully understood. In this study, we show that inflammatory microglia produce extracellular vesicles (EVs) which are enriched in a set of miRNAs that regulate the expression of key synaptic proteins. Among them, miR-146a-5p, a microglia-specific miRNA not present in hippocampal neurons, controls the expression of presynaptic synaptotagmin1 (Syt1) and postsynaptic neuroligin1 (Nlg1), an adhesion protein which play a crucial role in dendritic spine formation and synaptic stability...
January 4, 2018: Acta Neuropathologica
Marilena P Etna, Alessandro Sinigaglia, Angela Grassi, Elena Giacomini, Alessandra Romagnoli, Manuela Pardini, Martina Severa, Melania Cruciani, Fabiana Rizzo, Eleni Ananstasiadou, Barbara Di Camillo, Luisa Barzon, Gian Maria Fimia, Riccardo Manganelli, Eliana M Coccia
Autophagy is a primordial eukaryotic pathway, which provides the immune system with multiple mechanisms for the elimination of invading pathogens including Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). As a consequence, Mtb has evolved different strategies to hijack the autophagy process. Given the crucial role of human primary dendritic cells (DC) in host immunity control, we characterized Mtb-DC interplay by studying the contribution of cellular microRNAs (miRNAs) in the post-transcriptional regulation of autophagy related genes...
January 4, 2018: PLoS Pathogens
Chen Gao, Qiang Shi, Jing Wei, Wei Zhou, Kang Xiao, Jing Wang, Qi Shi, Xiao-Ping Dong
Prion diseases are a group of fatal neurodegenerative disorders that affect humans and animals. Besides of the pathological agent, prion, there are some elements that can influence or determine susceptibility to prion infection and the clinical phenotype of the diseases, e.g., the polymorphism in PRNP gene. Another polymorphism in ZBTB38-RASA2 has been observed to be associated with the susceptibility of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease (sCJD) in UK. MicroRNAs are endogenous small noncoding RNAs that control gene expression by targeting mRNAs and triggering either translation repression or RNA degradation...
January 2, 2018: Prion
Ning-Sheng Lai, Hui-Chun Yu, Chien-Hsueh Tung, Kuang-Yung Huang, Hsien-Bin Huang, Ming-Chi Lu
BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) can cause diverse T cell dysfunctions in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It is involved in the regulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) expression in different cell types. We hypothesized that the expression of T cell miRNAs would be affected by TNF-α, and these miRNAs could participate in the immunopathogenesis of RA. METHODS: Expression profiles of 270 human miRNAs in Jurkat cells, cultured in the presence or absence of TNF-α for 7 days were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction...
December 1, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
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