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colon cancer recurrence

L G J Leijssen, A M Dinaux, H Kunitake, L G Bordeianou, D L Berger
PURPOSE: Proximal and distal colon cancers differ in terms of epidemiology, clinical presentation, and pathologic features. The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of right-sided (RC), transverse (TC), and left-sided (LC) colon cancer on morbidity rates and oncological outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients with resected colon cancer between 2004 and 2014 was conducted. Cox proportional hazard models were used to assess predictors of overall (OS), and disease-specific survival (DSS), as well as disease-free survival (DFS)...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Javier A Cienfuegos, Jorge Baixauli, Carmen Beorlegui, Patricia Martínez Ortega, Lucía Granero, Gabriel Zozaya, José Luis Hernández Lizoáin
PURPOSE: The objective is to analyze the impact of severe postoperative complications in patients undergoing curative surgery for colon cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From a prospective database, we identified patients with stage I-III disease (AJCC) who underwent surgery between 2000 and 2014. Patients were selected with major complications (IIIb on the Clavien-Dindo classification) and with no major complications. Variables were analyzed in both groups. Local, peritoneal and distant recurrence together with overall survival and disease-free survival were analyzed...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Emma Rosander, Caroline Nordenvall, Annika Sjövall, Fredrik Hjern, Torbjörn Holm
BACKGROUND: Locally advanced colon cancer invading surrounding organs or structures is challenging to surgeons and oncologists. Multivisceral resections with tumor removal en bloc with invaded tissues provide the best chance for cure. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the management and outcomes after multivisceral resections in patients with clinically infiltrative, locally advanced primary colon cancer. DESIGN: This is a descriptive retrospective cohort study...
April 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Eiji Shinto, Jin-Ichi Hida, Hirotoshi Kobayashi, Yojiro Hashiguchi, Kazuo Hase, Hideki Ueno, Toshiaki Watanabe, Kenichi Sugihara
BACKGROUND: The presence of main or lateral lymph node metastasis in colorectal cancer is classified as jN3 by the Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum. Whether information on jN3 status adds value to the TNM classification remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the prognostic relevance of colorectal cancer nodal staging through the Japanese jN3 categorization compared with that through TNM. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study...
April 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Soo Jung Lee, Sun-Young Jun, In Hee Lee, Byung Woog Kang, Su Yeon Park, Hye Jin Kim, Jun Seok Park, Gyu-Seog Choi, Ghilsuk Yoon, Jong Gwang Kim
PURPOSE: This study attempted to reveal the prognostic impact of microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) colon cancer with tumor-infiltrating immune cells (TIICs) and immune checkpoint protein expression, which are good candidates for immunotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 89 patients with MSI-H colon cancer who underwent curative surgery at Kyungpook National University Chilgok Hospital. The expression status of specific inhibitory receptors, such as CD274 (programmed death-ligand 1, PD-L1), PDCD1 (programmed cell death 1, PD-1), cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA4), lymphocyte-activation gene 3 (LAG3), and indolamine 2'3'-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1), was retrospectively analyzed using immunohistochemistry (IHC)...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Naohisa Yoshida, Yuji Naito, Takaaki Murakami, Kiyoshi Ogiso, Ryohei Hirose, Yutaka Inada, Mitsuo Kishimoto, Rafiz Abdul Rani, Yoshito Itoh
Cold snare polypectomy (CSP) should be performed for benign lesions, though an accurate diagnosis is sometimes difficult with only white light observation. Irregular findings by narrow-band imaging (NBI) are useful for differentiating malignant lesions from benign lesions, and cases with this finding are not expected for CSP. We present a diminutive T1 cancer resected by CSP as a reflection case. A 68-year-old man underwent colonoscopy for surveillance after polypectomy. A reddish polyp 4 mm in size was detected at the rectum...
January 2018: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
Deborah Repullo, Marie Diaz, Stéphane Holbrechts, Maria Gomez-Galdón, Dirk Van Gestel, Ali Bohlok, Gabriel Liberale, Vincent Donckier
BACKGROUND: The development of a second primary tumor is a potential late side effect of radiotherapy. Particularly, an increased risk of secondary cancers, mostly of digestive or breast origin, has been observed in patients treated with high-dose radiotherapy for Wilms tumor (WT) in childhood. However, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been very rarely described as a potentially radiotherapy-induced tumor. We describe the case of a patient with an aggressive HCC 50 years after the treatment of a WT...
March 7, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Constantin Ciuce, Răzvan Scurtu, Cătălin Ciuce, Raluca Apostu, Horea Bocşe, George Dindelegan
Introduction: Neoplastic invasion of the structures of the cervical region originating from a malignant tumour developed in one of the viscera of the throat may benefit from cervical exenteration. Defined as resection of the hypopharynx, cervical oesophagus, larynx and cervical trachea, exenteration has limited indications and is mandatorily accompanied by digestive tube reconstruction. The aim of this article is to highlight the indication, surgical strategy and important surgical stages illustrated by images from personal professional experience...
January 2018: Chirurgia
Hiroshi Nagata, Soichiro Ishihara, Koji Oba, Toshiaki Tanaka, Keisuke Hata, Kazushige Kawai, Hiroaki Nozawa
BACKGROUND: Detection of peritoneal metastasis remains challenging due to the limited sensitivity of current examination methods. This study aimed to establish a prediction model for estimating the individual risk of postoperative peritoneal metastasis from colon cancer to facilitate early interventions for high-risk patients. METHODS: This study investigated 1720 patients with stages 1-3 colon cancer who underwent curative resection at the University of Tokyo Hospital between 1997 and 2015...
March 5, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Kerstin Artzner, Nisar Peter Malek
Treatment for gastrointestinal malignancies has evolved over the past two decades. Long-term outcomes have considerably improved, however a high rate of recurrence persists. With the exception of colon cancer, clear consensus strategies with regards to post-treatment surveillance are lacking. Current surveillance practices in non-colon cancer cases are inadequately based on retrospective case analyses and expert recommendations which are not uniformly consistent.This article presents the key follow-up aspects such as recurrence frequency, timing, localization, and therapeutic efficacy for the most common gastrointestinal tumors, and summarizes current recommendations for early detection of recurrence...
March 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Danielle P Thurtle, Michael B Huck, Kristen A Zeller, Tamison Jewett
BACKGROUND: Trisomy 13 is one of the most common autosomal trisomies, and although increasing in number, patients surviving past the neonatal period remain rare. The natural history and expected complications in these patients as they age remains unknown. Despite the rarity of this condition, unusual malignancies have been reported in the medical literature for decades. It is clear that providers should suspect unusual malignancies in these patients, particularly as they age. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 20-year-old Caucasian woman with Trisomy 13 who presented with colonic volvulus, found to have colonic polyposis and adenocarcinoma of the colon...
March 4, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Xiang Hu, Ya-Qi Li, Qing-Guo Li, Yan-Lei Ma, Jun-Jie Peng, San-Jun Cai
BACKGROUND: Many types of cancers are devoid of the small leucine-rich proteoglycans: osteoglycin (OGN), but its role in tumorigenesis is poorly studied especially in colorectal cancers (CRC). Here we aim to evaluate the relationship between OGN expression patterns and the clinical course of CRC, and the role of OGN in cancer progression. METHODS: The tissue microarray staining was performed and the relevance between OGN expression and oncologic outcomes was performed using Cox regression analysis...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Christina Wu
Systemic treatments for patients with colon cancer has expanded broadly beyond 5-fluorouracil based chemotherapy. For early stage colon cancer patients who are considering adjuvant chemotherapy, multiple factors such as the risk of disease recurrence, absolute survival benefit of chemotherapy, treatment toxicity, and patient comorbid medical conditions must be taken into account. In the metastatic setting, biomarkers such as KRAS/NRAS/BRAF mutation, microsatellite instability status, and left- versus right-sided colon cancer have helped oncologists to tailor systemic treatment regimens, which include chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy...
April 2018: Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America
Temidayo Fadelu, Sui Zhang, Donna Niedzwiecki, Xing Ye, Leonard B Saltz, Robert J Mayer, Rex B Mowat, Renaud Whittom, Alexander Hantel, Al B Benson, Daniel M Atienza, Michael Messino, Hedy L Kindler, Alan Venook, Shuji Ogino, Kimmie Ng, Kana Wu, Walter Willett, Edward Giovannucci, Jeffrey Meyerhardt, Ying Bao, Charles S Fuchs
Purpose Observational studies have reported increased colon cancer recurrence and mortality in patients with states of hyperinsulinemia, including type 2 diabetes, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, and high glycemic load diet. Nut intake has been associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and insulin resistance. However, the effect of nut intake on colon cancer recurrence and survival is not known. Patients and Methods We conducted a prospective, observational study of 826 eligible patients with stage III colon cancer who reported dietary intake on food frequency questionnaires while enrolled onto a randomized adjuvant chemotherapy trial...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Koji Kase, Ryo Okada, Makoto Muto, Junichiro Watanabe, Naoya Sato, Yasuhide Kofunato, Teruhide Ishigame, Takashi Kimura, Akira Kenjo, Tatsuo Shimura, Shigeru Marubashi
We hereby report a case of long-term survival of the pancreatic tail cancer with a synchronous small liver metastasis. A 62- year-old male with pancreatic tail cancer was incidentally diagnosed with single tiny metastasis in the left medial section of the liver duringthe distal pancreatectomy. The lesion was also resected together with primary lesion. Since then, systemic chemotherapies such as gemcitabine(GEM)plus S-1 combination therapy, GEM alone therapy and S-1 alone therapy had been given to escape from recurrence...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Toshiaki Aida, Masayuki Shiobara, Kazuo Wakatsuki, Shuka Arai, Kosuke Suda, Kotaro Miyazawa, Tetsutaro Miyoshi, Yoshihisa Takahashi, Shigeru Yoshioka
The patient was a 70-year-old man. He was diagnosed with advanced transverse colon cancer. A computed tomography (CT)revealed liver metastasis and tumor thrombosis of portal vein. We started combination chemotherapy with capecita- bine/oxaliplatin(CapeOX). Perforation of the tumor was observed 5 days after CapeOX therapy was started. Treatment with abscess drainage and ileostmy, infection was controlled and general condition was improved. After 9 courses of CapeOX, we changed chemotherapy regimen to irinotecan/tegafur-gimeracil-oteracilpotassium (IRIS)due to strong side effects...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Yoji Nishimura, Shinsuke Kazama, Yusuke Nishizawa, Takashi Takenoya, Michitoshi Takano, Hiroaki Ishii, Yoshiyuki Kawashima, Hirohiko Sakamoto
We experienced 3 impressive colorectal cancer patients who developed peritoneal recurrences and underwent surgery several times and survived for more than 5 years. Case No. 1 was of a 44-year-old woman who underwent right hemicolectomy for her stage II A ascending colon cancer. She developed left ovarian metastasis, which was resected 3 years later. Five years later, she developed a pelvic peritoneal recurrence, which was resected successfully. Thirteen years later, she is doing well. Case No. 2 was of a 61-year-old man who underwent transverse colectomy for his stage II B colon cancer...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Takeshi Shimakawa, Shinichi Asaka, Miki Miyazawa, Takebumi Usui, Kentaro Yamaguchi, Minoru Murayama, Hajime Yokomizo, Shunichi Shiozawa, Kazuhiko Yoshimatsu, Takao Katsube, Yoshihiko Naritaka
Necrosis of a reconstructed organ after esophageal cancer surgery is a very serious complication that often occurs soon after the surgery. We report a case of emergency surgery that was performed to treat necrosis of a reconstructed colon 10 years after esophagectomy. A 73-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with complaints of chest pain. His history included a proximal gastrectomy for gastric cancer. His present illness includes endoscopic mucosal resection for superficial esophageal cancer in 1995. Subtotal esophagectomy and right colon interposition through the retrosternal route were performed due to a recurrence in the same lesion in 2005...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Jin Takano, Nobuhisa Matsuhashi, Takao Takahashi, Toshiyuki Tanahashi, Satoshi Matsui, Hisashi Imai, Yoshihiro Tanaka, Kazuya Yamaguchi, Kazuhiro Yoshida
A woman in her 70s was confirmed as presenting with multiple liver and lung metastases from transverse colon cancer. After undergoing resection of the primary lesion, partial response(PR)was achieved after undergoing the first regimen (sLV5FU2 and bevacizumab[Bmab]); therefore, partial hepatectomy was performed. Adjuvant chemotherapy was administered for 7 months, but liver metastasis recurrence, multiple lung metastases, and brain metastasis were confirmed. As the brain metastasis was a single lesion and was accompanied by symptoms, resection of the lesion was performed...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Masakazu Ikenaga, Katsuya Ohta, Masami Ueda, Hiroaki Itakura, Hirotoshi Takayama, Yujiro Tsuda, Shinsuke Nakashima, Shinichi Adachi, Shunji Endo, Terumasa Yamada
We studied the clinicopathological findings of 8 patients with perforated colorectal cancer. Four patients were male. In 7 patients, the primary cancer site was left side colon. Chief complaints were abdominal pain in 7 patients and diarrhea in 1 patient. The emergent operation was performed in all cases. The final stages of 8 patients were as follows: 5 patients with Stage II, 2 patients with Stage III, 1 patient with Stage IV. All patients were discharged from our hospital. Postoperative chemotherapy was performed for 5 patients...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
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