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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457602/examination-of-previously-published-data-to-identify-patterns-in-the-social-representation-of-loud-music-in-young-adults-across-countries
#1
Vinaya Manchaiah, Fei Zhao, Susan Oladeji, Pierre Ratinaud
Purpose: The current study was aimed at understanding the patterns in the social representation of loud music reported by young adults in different countries. Materials and Methods: The study included a sample of 534 young adults (18-25 years) from India, Iran, Portugal, United Kingdom, and United States. Participants were recruited using a convince sampling, and data were collected using the free association task. Participants were asked to provide up to five words or phrases that come to mind when thinking about "loud music...
January 2018: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457573/the-role-of-sublexical-variables-in-reading-fluency-development-among-spanish-children
#2
Marta Álvarez-Cañizo, Paz Suárez-Coalla, Fernando Cuetos
Several studies have found that, after repeated exposure to new words, children form orthographic representations that allow them to read those words faster and more fluently. However, these studies did not take into account variables related to the words. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of sublexical variables on the formation of orthographic representations of words by Spanish children. The first experiment used pseudo-words of varying syllabic structure and syllabic frequency. The stimuli for the second experiment were formed with or without context-dependent graphemes...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457564/investigating-speech-recognition-and-listening-effort-with-different-device-configurations-in-adult-cochlear-implant-users
#3
Douglas P Sladen, Yingjiu Nie, Katelyn Berg
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate speech recognition in noise and listening effort among a group of adults with cochlear implants (CIs). Two main research questions were addressed. First, what are the effects of omni versus directional microphone configuration on speech recognition and listening effort for noisy conditions? Second, what is the effect of unilateral versus bimodal or bilateral CI listening on speech recognition and listening effort in noisy conditions? DESIGN: Sixteen adults (mean age 58 years) with CIs participated...
May 2018: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457554/complexity-of-articulation-planning-in-apraxia-of-speech-the-limits-of-phoneme-based-approaches
#4
Wolfram Ziegler
This report presents evidence suggesting that the phoneme-based approach taken by Romani, Galuzzi, Guariglia, and Goslin (Comparing phoneme frequency, age of acquisition, and loss in aphasia: Implications for phonological universals. Cognitive Neuropsychology, this issue) falls short of capturing the complexity of articulation planning in patients with apraxia of speech. Empirical and modelling data are reported to demonstrate that the apraxic pathomechanism resides in the hierarchical architecture of phonological words rather than in the context-independent properties of phonemes...
October 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457382/an-international-multi-specialty-validation-study-of-the-igg4-related-disease-responder-index
#5
Zachary S Wallace, Arezou Khosroshahi, Mollie D Carruthers, Cory A Perugino, Hyon Choi, Corrado Campochiaro, Emma L Culver, Frank Cortazar, Emanuel Dellatorre, Mikael Ebbo, Ana Fernandes, Luca Frulloni, Philip Hart, Omer Karadag, Shigeyuki Kawa, Mitsuhiro Kawano, Myung-Hwan Kim, Marco Lanzillotta, Shoko Matsui, Kazuichi Okazaki, Jay H Ryu, Takako Saeki, Nicolas Schleinitz, Paula Tanasa, Hisanori Umehara, George Webster, Wen Zhang, John H Stone
OBJECTIVE: IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) can cause fibro-inflammatory lesions in nearly any organ, leading to organ dysfunction and failure. The IgG4-RD Responder Index (RI) was developed to help investigators assess the efficacy of treatment in a structured manner. We sought to validate the RI in a multi-national investigation. METHODS: The RI guides investigators through assessments of disease activity and damage in 25 domains, incorporating higher weights for disease manifestations that require treatment urgently or that worsen despite treatment...
February 18, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457324/investigation-of-the-language-tasks-to-include-in-a-short-language-measure-for-children-in-the-early-school-years
#6
Jessica Matov, Fiona Mensah, Fallon Cook, Sheena Reilly
BACKGROUND: The inaccurate estimation of language difficulties by teachers suggests the benefit of a short-language measure that could be used to support their decisions about who requires referral to a speech-language therapist. While the literature indicates the potential for the development of a short-language measure, evidence is lacking about which combination of language tasks it should include. AIMS: To understand the number and nature of components/language tasks that should be included in a short-language measure for children in the early school years...
February 18, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457238/rationing-care-through-collaboration-and-shared-values
#7
James E Sabin
Although "rationing" continues to be a dirty word for the public in health policy discourse, Nir Eyal and colleagues handle the concept exactly right in their article in this issue of the Hastings Center Report. They correctly characterize rationing as an ethical requirement, not a moral abomination. They identify the key health policy question as how rationing can best be done, not whether it should be done at all. They make a cogent defense of what they call "rationing through inconvenience" as a justifiable allocational technique...
January 2018: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456889/a-bibliometric-analysis-in-gene-research-of-myocardial-infarction-from-2001-to-2015
#8
Huaqiang Zhou, Wulin Tan, Zeting Qiu, Yiyan Song, Shaowei Gao
Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the global scientific output of gene research of myocardial infarction and explore their hotspots and frontiers from 2001 to 2015, using bibliometric methods. Methods: Articles about the gene research of myocardial infarction between 2001 and 2015 were retrieved from the Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC). We used the bibliometric method and Citespace V to analyze publication years, journals, countries, institutions, research areas, authors, research hotspots, and trends...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456700/effects-of-hiv-on-metabolic-and-biological-pathways-of-cd4-t-lymphocytes
#9
Yanli Ma, Wenge Zhao, Changhe Shi, Ning Wang, Tianli Fan
The effects of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) on the metabolic and biological pathways of cluster of differentiation (CD)4+ T lymphocytes were investigated. A total of 150 patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and 50 healthy individuals who were admitted to hospital for physical examination during the period of June 2016 to January 2017, were selected as subjects in the present study. According to the virus load, 150 AIDS patients were divided into three groups: i) Viral load >106 copies/ml (group A, n=39), ii) 104 copies/ml < viral load <105 copies/ml (group B, n=76), and iii) viral load <104 copies/ml (group C, n=35)...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456497/multiple-looks-of-auditory-empty-durations-both-improve-and-impair-temporal-sensitivity
#10
Tsuyoshi Kuroda, Daiki Yoshioka, Tomoya Ueda, Makoto Miyazaki
Discrimination of two neighboring empty durations that are marked by three successive sounds is improved when the presentation of the first (standard, S) duration is repeated before that of the second (comparison, C), as SSSSC. This improvement in sensitivity, called the multiple-look effect, has been explained by a statistical model regarding variability. This model assumes that the perceived duration of the standard is averaged across observations (within a trial within an individual). The increasing of the number of observations thus reduces the standard error of the mean perceived duration...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456468/psychosocial-aspects-of-immediate-versus-delayed-breast-reconstruction
#11
REVIEW
Anne-Sophie Heimes, Kathrin Stewen, Annette Hasenburg
Background: Only little is known about the psychosocial aspects of breast cancer patients after mastectomy with immediate versus delayed breast reconstruction. Methods: We systematically screened PubMed using the following key words: mastectomy, immediate vs. delayed reconstruction, psychosocial aspects and quality of life. To highlight different psychological outcomes, studies were categorized into those describing: anxiety, depression, body image and satisfaction with the surgical outcome...
December 2017: Breast Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456427/the-experience-of-diabetes-related-language-in-diabetes-care
#12
Jane K Dickinson
Objective: The goal of this study was to understand how adults with diabetes experience the words used in diabetes care. Methods: This qualitative study guided by Critical Theory used two virtual and two in-person focus groups conducted by the same facilitator. A total of 68 focus group members participated. The facilitator transcribed and coded focus group data using individual responses as the unit of analysis. The facilitator used constant comparison to analyze responses and developed a research summary of themes that emerged...
February 2018: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456419/zipf-mandelbrot-law-f-divergences-and-the-jensen-type-interpolating-inequalities
#13
Neda Lovričević, Ðilda Pečarić, Josip Pečarić
Motivated by the method of interpolating inequalities that makes use of the improved Jensen-type inequalities, in this paper we integrate this approach with the well known Zipf-Mandelbrot law applied to various types of f -divergences and distances, such are Kullback-Leibler divergence, Hellinger distance, Bhattacharyya distance (via coefficient), [Formula: see text]-divergence, total variation distance and triangular discrimination. Addressing these applications, we firstly deduce general results of the type for the Csiszár divergence functional from which the listed divergences originate...
2018: Journal of Inequalities and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456291/the-role-of-semantic-processing-in-reading-japanese-orthographies-an-investigation-using-a-script-switch-paradigm
#14
Alexandra S Dylman, Mariko Kikutani
Research on Japanese reading has generally indicated that processing of the logographic script Kanji primarily involves whole-word lexical processing and follows a semantics-to-phonology route, while the two phonological scripts Hiragana and Katakana (collectively called Kana) are processed via a sub-lexical route, and more in a phonology-to-semantics manner. Therefore, switching between the two scripts often involves switching between two reading processes, which results in a delayed response for the second script (a script switch cost)...
2018: Reading and Writing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455956/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-lung-transplantation-no-longer-a-four-letter-word
#15
EDITORIAL
Lara W Schaheen, Jonathan D'Cunha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455946/abstract-semantics-in-the-motor-system-an-event-related-fmri-study-on-passive-reading-of-semantic-word-categories-carrying-abstract-emotional-and-mental-meaning
#16
Felix R Dreyer, Friedemann Pulvermüller
Previous research showed that modality-preferential sensorimotor areas are relevant for processing concrete words used to speak about actions. However, whether modality-preferential areas also play a role for abstract words is still under debate. Whereas recent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies suggest an involvement of motor cortex in processing the meaning of abstract emotion words as, for example, 'love', other non-emotional abstract words, in particular 'mental words', such as 'thought' or 'logic', are believed to engage 'amodal' semantic systems only...
November 2, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455703/the-development-of-a-single-health-endorsement-logo-for-south-africa
#17
Nelene Koen, Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen, Reneé Blaauw
OBJECTIVE: To develop health-endorsement logos (HEL) for food products indicating healthy choices based on the South African nutrient profile model and to pilot test these logos with consumers. DESIGN: Multistage mixed-methods design. SETTING: Cape Town, South Africa. SUBJECTS: Nine focus group discussions (FGD) were conducted with adult consumers to explore what types of HEL are preferred and why. Based on the findings, ten HEL were designed by a graphic design team...
February 19, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455195/sildenafil-bosentan-drug-drug-interaction-a-word-of-caution-regarding-the-most-common-combination-therapy-in-children-with-advanced-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#18
Christian Apitz, Dietmar Schranz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455100/hypofunction-of-left-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-in-depression-during-verbal-fluency-task-a-multi-channel-near-infrared-spectroscopy-study
#19
Tomomi Akiyama, Michihiko Koeda, Yoshiro Okubo, Mahito Kimura
BACKGROUND: Previous functional neuroimaging studies of depression have demonstrated frontotemporal dysfunction, including the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, while patients perform working memory and language comprehension tasks. Recent near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) studies have shown frontotemporal hypofunction in depression by verbal fluency task, but the regions of impairment affecting respective depressive symptoms still remain unclear. We investigated frontotemporal function during word production task in depression with multi-channel NIRS...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455031/whole-word-frequency-and-inflectional-paradigm-size-facilitate-estonian-case-inflected-noun-processing
#20
Kaidi Lõo, Juhani Järvikivi, R Harald Baayen
Estonian is a morphologically rich Finno-Ugric language with nominal paradigms that have at least 28 different inflected forms but sometimes more than 40. For languages with rich inflection, it has been argued that whole-word frequency, as a diagnostic of whole-word representations, should not be predictive for lexical processing. We report a lexical decision experiment, showing that response latencies decrease both with frequency of the inflected form and its inflectional paradigm size. Inflectional paradigm size was also predictive of semantic categorization, indicating it is a semantic effect, similar to the morphological family size effect...
February 15, 2018: Cognition
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