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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055272/engaging-psychiatrists-in-the-diagnosis-of-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-what-can-they-contribute
#1
Massimiliano Beghi, Giuseppe Erba, Cesare Maria Cornaggia, Giorgia Giussani, Elisa Bianchi, Gianni Porro, Michela Russo, Ettore Beghi
PURPOSE: To investigate if psychiatrists could predict the diagnosis of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) by reviewing videos of seizures of various types and to compare the accuracy and the criteria leading to the diagnosis used by psychiatrists with those used by epileptologists. METHODS: Four board-certified psychiatrists were asked to review 23 videos capturing representative events of 21 unselected consecutive patients admitted to an epilepsy center for long-term video-EEG monitoring...
October 16, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055236/the-importance-of-academic-literacy-for-undergraduate-nursing-students-and-its-relationship-to-future-professional-clinical-practice-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Diana Jefferies, Stephen McNally, Katriona Roberts, Anna Wallace, Annette Stunden, Suzanne D'Souza, Paul Glew
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review was designed to assess the importance of academic literacy for undergraduate nursing students and its relationship to future professional clinical practice. It aimed to explore the link between academic literacy and writing in an undergraduate nursing degree and the development of critical thinking skills for their future professional clinical practice. DESIGN: A systematic review of qualitative studies and expert opinion publications...
October 5, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055184/predict-protein-structural-class-by-incorporating-two-different-modes-of-evolutionary-information-into-chou-s-general-pseudo-amino-acid-composition
#3
Yunyun Liang, Shengli Zhang
Structural class is an important attribute of protein, which plays an important role in both the experiment and theoretical research of protein science. Prediction of protein structural classes has been a challenging task, specifically for low-similarity datasets. In this paper, we develop a feature extraction method PSSS-SOMA-PSSM by incorporating two different modes of evolutionary information into Chou's general pseudo amino acid composition (PseAAC) based on predicted secondary structure sequence (PSSS) and position-specific scoring matrix (PSSM)...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055093/our-best-2015-2017
#4
EDITORIAL
P B Persson
Publishing, as everything else these days, is living in the fast lane. From writing to printing these words, our topmost original articles will have changed. Citations bode very well for Acta Physiologica, suggesting another stark increase in our impact factor after the large leap the impact factor took last year.(1) Yet, what may interest authors and readers even more are the prospects for our Acta-Physiologica-Award, which is probably the greatest prize ever to be presented in recognition of scientific publishing...
October 21, 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054605/increased-prevalence-of-filaggrin-deficiency-in-51-patients-with-recessive-x-linked-ichthyosis-presenting-for-dermatological-examination
#5
Kira Süßmuth, Robert Gruber, Elke Rodriguez, Heiko Traupe, Susanne Amler, Alberto Sánchez-Guijo, Frederic Valentin, Tatjana Tarinski, Natalia Straub, Dieter Metze, Stefan W Schneider, Ingrid Hausser, Hansjörg Baurecht, Stephan Weidinger, Vinzenz Oji
X-linked ichthyosis (XLI) is a keratinization disorder caused by deficient activity of steroidsulfatase. In contrast, ichthyosis vulgaris is due to semidominant mutations of the filaggrin gene (FLG). In view of phenotypic variations of these ichthyoses we speculated that XLI may be influenced by additional FLG mutations in a significant number of patients. We characterized a group of 51 patients with XLI and systematically analyzed them for additional FLG mutations (R501X, 2282del4, R2447X, S3247X). The study was complemented by morphological analyses...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053984/ecological-content-validation-of-the-information-assessment-method-for-parents-iam-parent-a-mixed-methods-study
#6
M Bujold, R El Sherif, P L Bush, J Johnson-Lafleur, G Doray, P Pluye
This mixed methods study content validated the Information Assessment Method for parents (IAM-parent) that allows users to systematically rate and comment on online parenting information. Quantitative data and results: 22,407 IAM ratings were collected; of the initial 32 items, descriptive statistics showed that 10 had low relevance. Qualitative data and results: IAM-based comments were collected, and 20 IAM users were interviewed (maximum variation sample); the qualitative data analysis assessed the representativeness of IAM items, and identified items with problematic wording...
October 4, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053773/less-is-more-neural-mechanisms-underlying-anomia-treatment-in-chronic-aphasic-patients
#7
Davide Nardo, Rachel Holland, Alexander P Leff, Cathy J Price, Jennifer T Crinion
Previous research with aphasic patients has shown that picture naming can be facilitated by concurrent phonemic cueing [e.g. initial phoneme(s) of the word that the patient is trying to retrieve], both as an immediate word retrieval technique, and when practiced repeatedly over time as a long-term anomia treatment. Here, to investigate the neural mechanisms supporting word retrieval, we adopted-for the first time-a functional magnetic resonance imaging task using the same naming procedure as it occurs during the anomia treatment process...
September 27, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053436/is-the-danish-version-of-mate-feasible-a-pilot-study-on-feasibility-and-adequacy
#8
Morten Ellegaard Hell, Kjeld Andersen, Anette Søgaard Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: Assessment is pivotal to the work of healthcare professionals and social workers as it provides fundamental, systematic information that is essential when planning interventions. Many patients have addiction problems as well as psychiatric illness and they very often interact. An assessment tool addressing both areas would be beneficial for this large group of patients. This pilot study explores feasibility and adequacy of the Danish translation of the Measurements in Addiction for Triage and Evaluation (MATE) assessment in the following sectors: drug- and alcohol treatment, psychiatry and social service...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052999/impulsivity-and-compulsivity-in-internet-gaming-disorder-a-comparison-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-alcohol-use-disorder
#9
Yeon-Jin Kim, Jae A Lim, Ji Yoon Lee, Sohee Oh, Sung Nyun Kim, Dai Jin Kim, Jong Eun Ha, Jun Soo Kwon, Jung-Seok Choi
Background and aims Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is characterized by a loss of control and a preoccupation with Internet games leading to repetitive behavior. We aimed to compare the baseline neuropsychological profiles in IGD, alcohol use disorder (AUD), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in the spectrum of impulsivity and compulsivity. Methods A total of 225 subjects (IGD, N = 86; AUD, N = 39; OCD, N = 23; healthy controls, N = 77) were administered traditional neuropsychological tests including Korean version of the Stroop Color-Word test and computerized neuropsychological tests, including the stop signal test (SST) and the intra-extra dimensional set shift test (IED)...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052730/the-reward-of-seeing-different-types-of-visual-reward-and-their-ability-to-modify-oculomotor-learning
#10
Annegret Meermeier, Svenja Gremmler, Kerstin Richert, Til Eckermann, Markus Lappe
Saccadic adaptation is an oculomotor learning process that maintains the accuracy of eye movements to ensure effective perception of the environment. Although saccadic adaptation is commonly considered an automatic and low-level motor calibration in the cerebellum, we recently found that strength of adaptation is influenced by the visual content of the target: pictures of humans produced stronger adaptation than noise stimuli. This suggests that meaningful images may be considered rewarding or valuable in oculomotor learning...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052636/give-researchers-a-lifetime-word-limit
#11
Brian C Martinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052560/characteristics-of-mandarin-open-set-word-recognition-development-among-chinese-children-with-cochlear-implants
#12
Ying Kong, Xin Liu, Sha Liu, Yong-Xin Li
BACKGROUND: Cochlear implants (CIs) can improve speech recognition for children with severe congenital hearing loss, and open-set word recognition is an important efficacy measure. This study examined Mandarin open-set word recognition development among Chinese children with CIs and normal hearing (NH). METHODS: This study included 457 children with CIs and 131 children with NH, who completed the Mandarin lexical neighborhood test. The results for children at 1-8 years after receiving their CIs were compared to those from the children with NH using linear regression analysis and analysis of variance...
October 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052465/evaluating-the-roles-of-left-middle-frontal-gyrus-in-word-production-using-electrocorticography
#13
Jianbin Wen, Tao Yu, Li Liu, Zhenhong Hu, Jiaqing Yan, Yongjie Li, Xiaoli Li
To assess the specific roles of left middle frontal gyrus (LMFG) in word production, electrocorticography signals were recorded from an epilepsy patient when he participated in language tasks. We found three sites of LMFG showed high-gamma perturbations with distinct patterns across tasks; and neural activities elicited in the same tasks shared similar patterns, while those elicited by stimuli leading to the same articulations did not. These findings confirmed that the LMFG takes active parts in word production, and suggested that it may serve as a temporal perceptual information storage space, supporting the hierarchical state feedback control model of word production...
October 20, 2017: Neurocase
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052241/symbol-grounding-without-direct-experience-do-words-inherit-sensorimotor-activation-from-purely-linguistic-context
#14
Fritz Günther, Carolin Dudschig, Barbara Kaup
Theories of embodied cognition assume that concepts are grounded in non-linguistic, sensorimotor experience. In support of this assumption, previous studies have shown that upwards response movements are faster than downwards movements after participants have been presented with words whose referents are typically located in the upper vertical space (and vice versa for downwards responses). This is taken as evidence that processing these words reactivates sensorimotor experiential traces. This congruency effect was also found for novel words, after participants learned these words as labels for novel objects that they encountered either in their upper or lower visual field...
October 19, 2017: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051916/a-new-dyslexia-reading-method-and-visual-correction-position-method
#15
George T Manilla, Joe de Braga
Pediatricians and educators may interact daily with several dyslexic patients or students. One dyslexic author accidently developed a personal, effective, corrective reading method. Its effectiveness was evaluated in 3 schools. One school utilized 8 demonstration special education students. Over 3 months, one student grew one third year, 3 grew 1 year, and 4 grew 2 years. In another school, 6 sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade classroom teachers followed 45 treated dyslexic students. They all excelled and progressed beyond their classroom peers in 4 months...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051629/-boerhaave-s-syndrome-secondary-to-gastric-volvulus
#16
I Eguaras Córdoba, A Goikoetxea Urdiain, A Hernando Sanz, I Esquiroz Lizaur, B Camarero Triana, A Artajona Rosino
Boerhaave's syndrome is a spontaneous rupture of the oesophagus, caused by an increase of intraluminal pressure that is produced in the context of negative intrathoracic pressure. It has a high index of morbimortality (14-40%), which is why it requires early diagnosis and treatment. When a patient presents vomiting, the differential diagnosis should include epigastric pain. Para-esophageal hiatal hernias can be complicated by gastric volvulus. In its turn, this can produce both oesophageal and gastric necrosis requiring early surgical treatment...
October 19, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051399/the-impact-of-gallbladder-retrieval-from-an-epigastric-vs-umbilical-port-on-trocar-site-complications-a-prospective-randomized-study
#17
Cemal Kaya, Emre Bozkurt, Pinar Yazici
AIM: Port-site infection and hernias are among the most of the complications following laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Although surgical technique of LC is described to obtain critical view of safety, there is still no consensus on ideal portsite for gallbladder retrieval. In this comparative study, we aimed to investigate the effects of gallbladder retrieval site on postoperative port site complications following LC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this prospective randomized study, 120 patients underwent LC for symptomatic gallbladder disease...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050387/temporal-lobe-networks-supporting-the-comprehension-of-spoken-words
#18
Leonardo Bonilha, Argye E Hillis, Gregory Hickok, Dirk B den Ouden, Chris Rorden, Julius Fridriksson
Auditory word comprehension is a cognitive process that involves the transformation of auditory signals into abstract concepts. Traditional lesion-based studies of stroke survivors with aphasia have suggested that neocortical regions adjacent to auditory cortex are primarily responsible for word comprehension. However, recent primary progressive aphasia and normal neurophysiological studies have challenged this concept, suggesting that the left temporal pole is crucial for word comprehension. Due to its vasculature, the temporal pole is not commonly completely lesioned in stroke survivors and this heterogeneity may have prevented its identification in lesion-based studies of auditory comprehension...
September 1, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050129/-anomalous-systemic-arterial-supply-to-normal-basal-segments-of-the-lower-lobe-three-cases-reports-and-literature-review
#19
T T Wu, L Wang, D H Zhao, Y M Yu, Q L Ding, H Y Ma, Z C Deng
Objective: To improve the clinical recognition of anomalous systemic arterial supply to normal basal segments of the lower lobe in clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment. Methods: Three cases were presented and related literatures were reviewed. A literature review was performed with"anomalous systemic arterial supply to normal lower lobe of the lung","anomalous systemic arterial supply to normal basal segments of the lower lobe"and"anomalous systemic arterial supply to normal basal segments of the left lower lobe of the lung"as key words in Pubmed, Embase, Ovid, Wanfang database and CNKI...
October 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050117/-pediatric-idiopathic-hypereosinophilic-syndrome-with-pulmonary-embolism-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#20
N Dong, X Y Dong
Objective: To explore clinical features of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome combined with pulmonary embolism. Method: A retrospective analysis of a patient with idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome and pulmonary embolism diagnosed and treated in the Respiratory Department of Shanghai Children's Hospital in September 2016 was performed. A literature search was performed with"Eosinophils increased, thrombosis"as the Chinese keywords in Wanfang database and"idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome, deep vein thrombosis"as the English key words in PubMed database...
October 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
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