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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220627/neuropsychological-functioning-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-insomnia-randomized-to-cbt-i-or-control-group
#1
Erin Cassidy-Eagle, Allison Siebern, Lisa Unti, Jill Glassman, Ruth O'Hara
OBJECTIVES: Improving the sleep of older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) represents a first step in discovering whether interventions directed at modifying this risk factor also have the potential to alter the cognitive decline trajectory. METHODS: A six-session, adapted version of a cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) was administered to older adults (N = 28; 14 per group) with MCI across two residential facilities. Participants were randomly assigned to either the sleep intervention or an active control group and completed a neuropsychological battery at three time points (e...
October 24, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220512/a-survey-and-evaluations-of-histogram-based-statistics-in-alignment-free-sequence-comparison
#2
Brian B Luczak, Benjamin T James, Hani Z Girgis
Motivation: Since the dawn of the bioinformatics field, sequence alignment scores have been the main method for comparing sequences. However, alignment algorithms are quadratic, requiring long execution time. As alternatives, scientists have developed tens of alignment-free statistics for measuring the similarity between two sequences. Results: We surveyed tens of alignment-free k-mer statistics. Additionally, we evaluated 33 statistics and multiplicative combinations between the statistics and/or their squares...
December 6, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220371/the-impact-of-different-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-treatment-regimens-on-reducing-burden-for-caregivers-and-patients-with-wet-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-a-single-center-real-world-japanese-setting
#3
Tsukasa Hanemoto, Yusuke Hikichi, Norimasa Kikuchi, Tadahiko Kozawa
OBJECTIVE: To describe the burden associated with different anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) treatment strategies for wet age-related macular degeneration (wAMD) in a real-word setting in Japan. METHODS: Single-center, cross-sectional survey of caregivers of patients with wAMD performed in a hospital in Mito-City, a rural area in Japan. Caregiver burden was evaluated using the Burden Index of Caregivers (BIC-11), and depressive symptoms were assessed by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218589/stimulstat-a-lexical-database-for-russian
#4
Svetlana Alexeeva, Natalia Slioussar, Daria Chernova
In this article, we present StimulStat - a lexical database for the Russian language in the form of a web application. The database contains more than 52,000 of the most frequent Russian lemmas and more than 1.7 million word forms derived from them. These lemmas and forms are characterized according to more than 70 properties that were demonstrated to be relevant for psycholinguistic research, including frequency, length, phonological and grammatical properties, orthographic and phonological neighborhood frequency and size, grammatical ambiguity, homonymy and polysemy...
December 7, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218068/prostheses-used-in-laparoscopic-inguinal-hernia-repair-biocompatibility-postoperative-complications-and-quality-of-life-review-of-the-literature
#5
Alexandra Florina Trandafir, Dorin Eugen Popa, Danut Vasile
INTRODUCTION: There is a continuous concern about meshes used in laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair, which mainly relates to their biocompatibility and ability to decrease postoperative complications and recurrence rate; in other words, efforts are made to find the "ideal" prosthesis. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate different prostheses used in laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair in terms of biocompatibility, postoperative complications, recurrence rate and quality of life, so that all the features could lead us to the "ideal" mesh...
September 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217996/switching-between-multiple-codes-of-snarc-like-associations-two-conceptual-replication-attempts-with-anodal-tdcs-in-sham-controlled-cross-over-design
#6
Philipp A Schroeder, Hans-Christoph Nuerk, Christian Plewnia
In societies with left-to-right reading direction, left-side vs. right-side behavioral decisions are faster for relatively small vs. large number magnitudes, and vice versa, a phenomenon termed Spatial-Numerical Associations of Response Codes (SNARC) effect. But also for non-numerical sequential items, SNARC-like effects were observed, suggesting a common neurocognitive mechanism based on the ordinal structures of both numbers and sequences. Modulation of prefrontal networks that are involved in providing spatial associations during cognitive behavior can contribute to elaborate their neuropsychological theoretical foundations...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217862/tracheostomal-myiasis-a-word-of-caution
#7
Rajeev Sharma, K Vino Barathi, Rahul Saini, Sushmita Bairagi, Deepa Rani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217407/can-we-predict-intermediate-syndrome-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Chanika Alahakoon, Tharaka Lagath Dassanayake, Indika Bandara Gawarammana, Vajira Senaka Weerasinghe
INTRODUCTION: Ingestion of organophosphorus insecticides (OPI) is a common method of deliberate self harm in the developing world. Deaths mainly follow as a result of the respiratory failure associated with both cholinergic crisis and the intermediate syndrome. Even though death can be prevented by early mechanical ventilation of these patients, limited studies are available regarding the prediction of intermediate syndrome and subsequent respiratory failure. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review articles that are published with regard to possible prediction of intermediate syndrome using clinical, biochemical and electrophysiological parameters...
December 4, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216834/inventory-of-real-world-data-sources-in-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Audrey Tanguy, Linus Jönsson, Lianna Ishihara
BACKGROUND: Real world data have an important role to play in the evaluation of epidemiology and burden of disease; and in assisting health-care decision-makers, especially related to coverage and payment decisions. However, there is currently no overview of the existing longitudinal real world data sources in Parkinson's disease (PD) in the USA. Such an assessment can be very helpful, to support a future effort to harmonize real world data collection and use the available resources in an optimal way...
December 8, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216810/effects-of-valence-on-hemispheric-specialization-for-emotion-word-processing
#10
Jennifer M Martin, Jeanette Altarriba
The use of emotion in language is a key element of human interactions and a rich area for cognitive research. The present study examined reactions to words of five types: positive emotion (e.g., happiness), negative emotion (e.g., hatred), positive emotion-laden (e.g., blessing), negative emotion-laden (e.g., prison), and neutral (e.g., chance). Words and nonwords were intermixed in a lexical decision task using hemifield presentation. Results revealed a general left hemisphere advantage. Overall, reaction times for positive words were faster than for negative or neutral words and this effect varied by hemifield of presentation...
December 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216457/a-sing-song-way-of-vocalizing-generalization-and-specificity-in-language-and-birdsong
#11
Madza Farias-Virgens, Stephanie A White
Spoken languages such as German are extremely discrete, whereas others such as Portuguese are melodic or "sing-song" wherein identifying a word relies on what comes before and after. Perhaps surprisingly, birdsong also exhibits specificity and generalization as articulated by Tian and Brainard (2017).
December 6, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216349/developing-a-standard-set-of-patient-centred-outcomes-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease-an-international-cross-disciplinary-consensus
#12
Andrew H Kim, Charlotte Roberts, Brian G Feagan, Rupa Banerjee, Willem Bemelman, Keith Bodger, Marc Derieppe, Axel Dignass, Richard Driscoll, Ray Fitzpatrick, Janette Gaarentstroom-Lunt, Peter D Higgins, Paulo Gustavo Kotze, Jillian Meissner, Marian O'Connor, Zhi-Hua Ran, Corey A Siegel, Helen Terry, Welmoed K van Deen, C Janneke van der Woude, Alandra Weaver, Suk-Kyun Yang, Bruce E Sands, Séverine Vermeire, Simon Pl Travis
Background and Aims: Success in delivering value-based healthcare involves measuring outcomes that matter most to patients. Our aim was to develop a minimum Standard Set of patient-centred outcome measures for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), for use in different healthcare settings. Methods: An international working group (n=25) representing patients, patient associations, gastroenterologists, surgeons, specialist nurses, IBD registries and patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) methodologists participated in a series of teleconferences incorporating a modified Delphi process...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215902/words-matter-implementing-the-electronically-activated-recorder-in-schizotypy
#13
Kyle S Minor, Beshaun J Davis, Matthew P Marggraf, Lauren Luther, Megan L Robbins
In schizophrenia-spectrum populations, analyzing the words people use has offered promise for unlocking information about affective states and social behaviors. The electronically activated recorder (EAR) is an application-based program that is combined with widely used smartphone technology to capture a person's real-world interactions via audio recordings. It improves on the ecological validity of current methodologies by providing objective and naturalistic samples of behavior. This study is the first to implement the EAR in people endorsing elevated traits of schizophrenia-spectrum personality disorders (i...
December 7, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215852/last-word-the-ups-and-downs-of-ems
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: JEMS: a Journal of Emergency Medical Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215832/-activation-of-regeneration-of-red-and-white-pulp-of-the-spleen-after-the-combined-transplantation-of-hsc-and-mscs-in-terms-of-exposure-to-ionizing-radiation
#15
I Yu Maklakova, D Yu Grebnev, A P Yastrebov
The purpose of this work was to study the effect of combined transplantation of multipotent mesenchymal stromal (MSCS) and hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) isolated from the placenta, on the regeneration of white and red pulp of the spleen under physiological conditions and in conditions of exposure to ionizing radiation. Methods. The experiments were performed with laboratory mice-males. We studied the influence of ionizing radiation dose of 4.0 Gy. Animals of the experimental group were intravenously infused into MMSC and GSK respectively at a dose of 6 million cells/kg and 330 thousand cells/kg, suspended in 0...
April 2017: Patologicheskaia Fiziologiia i èksperimental'naia Terapiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215801/the-barriers-to-the-prevention-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-from-the-perspective-of-critical-care-nurses-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#16
Vajihe Atashi, Hojatollah Yousefi, Hosein Mahjobipoor, Ahmadreza Yazdannik
INTRODUCTION: Most patients hospitalized in intensive care units need mechanical ventilation. One of the most prevalent and serious complications of mechanical ventilation is ventilator-associated pneumonia. There are different barriers to the prevention of this kind of pneumonia. The aim of this study was to explore the perspectives of Iranian critical care nurses on the barriers to ventilator-associated pneumonia prevention in intensive care units. METHODS: This qualitative descriptive study was done on a purposive sample of 23 critical care nurses...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215151/brain-connectivity-in-children-is-increased-by-the-time-they-spend-reading-books-and-decreased-by-the-length-of-exposure-to-screen-based-media
#17
Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus, John S Hutton
AIM: This study compared the time spent using screen-based media or reading on the functional connectivity of the reading-related brain regions in children aged 8-12. METHODS: We recruited 19 healthy American children from a private school in Cincinnati, USA, in 2015-6 after advertising the study to parents. The parents completed surveys on how many hours their children spent on independent reading and screen-based media time, including smartphones, tablets, desktop or laptop computers and television...
December 7, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214982/perspectives-on-theory-at-the-interface-of-physics-and-biology
#18
William Bialek
Theoretical physics is the search for simple and universal mathematical descriptions of the natural world. In contrast, much of modern biology is an exploration of the complexity and diversity of life. For many, this contrast is prima facie evidence that theory, in the sense that physicists use the word, is impossible in a biological context. For others, this contrast serves to highlight a grand challenge. I am an optimist, and believe (along with many colleagues) that the time is ripe for the emergence of a more unified theoretical physics of biological systems, building on successes in thinking about particular phenomena...
December 7, 2017: Reports on Progress in Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214968/the-therapeutic-mis-conception-an-examination-of-its-normative-assumptions-and-a-call-for-its-revision
#19
Debra J H Mathews, Joseph J Fins, Eric Racine
Dissecting Bioethics, edited by Tuija Takala and Matti Hayry, welcomes contributions on the conceptual and theoretical dimensions of bioethics. The department is dedicated to the idea that words defined by bioethicists and others should not be allowed to imprison people's actual concerns, emotions, and thoughts. Papers that expose the many meanings of a concept, describe the different readings of a moral doctrine, or provide an alternative angle to seemingly self-evident issues are particularly appreciated...
January 2018: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214906/lingua-patientis-new-words-for-patient-communication-and-history-taking
#20
Donald F Weaver
The English language sometimes fails in its ability to describe the severity or complexity of medical symptoms and complaints. In frustration, patients (or families) occasionally create new words to convey the subtleties of their medical history. Although medicine has created a comprehensive technical lexicon for physicians, we have failed to develop a corresponding patient-centric vocabulary (lingua patientis) that provides more accurate symptom description. The social networking of lingua patientis words might enhance history taking and afford improved appreciation of disease impact on individual patients...
January 1, 2017: Scottish Medical Journal
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