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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353376/injury-prevention-in-baseball-from-youth-to-the-pros
#1
REVIEW
Heath P Melugin, Nels D Leafblad, Christopher L Camp, Stan Conte
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines recent literature on injury epidemiology and prevention in the sport of baseball from youth to professional levels. RECENT FINDINGS: Overuse is the predominant mechanism of injury in youth baseball players. Newer stretching and exercise protocols may help prevent these injuries. At the professional level, however, overuse has not been proven to correlate with increased injury incidence, but pitch counts are still monitored...
January 20, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353333/frailty-assessment-in-heart-failure-an-overview-of-the-multi-domain-approach
#2
REVIEW
Julee McDonagh, Caleb Ferguson, Phillip J Newton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The study aims (1) to provide a contemporary description of frailty assessment in heart failure and (2) to provide an overview of multi-domain frailty assessment in heart failure. RECENT FINDINGS: Frailty assessment is an important predictive measure for mortality and hospitalisation in individuals with heart failure. To date, there are no frailty assessment instruments validated for use in heart failure. This has resulted in significant heterogeneity between studies regarding the assessment of frailty...
January 20, 2018: Current Heart Failure Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353259/non-invasive-prenatal-testing-of-pregnancies-at-risk-for-phenylketonuria
#3
Huikun Duan, Ning Liu, Zhenhua Zhao, Yiqian Liu, Yin Wang, Zhifeng Li, Mengnan Xu, David S Cram, Xiangdong Kong
BACKGROUND: Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a common metabolic disorder caused predominately by mutations in the phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) gene. The aim of the study was to design and validate the performance of a non-invasive prenatal test (NIPT) for PKU using circulating single molecule amplification and resequencing technology (cSMART). METHODS: A total of 18 couples at genetic risk for having a child with PKU were recruited to the study. Gold standard invasive prenatal diagnosis (IPD) was performed on amniocyte or villus cell DNA by Sanger sequencing, targeting the known parental PAH mutations...
January 20, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353177/psychiatric-disorders-and-compliance-with-prenatal-care-a-10-year-retrospective-cohort-compared-to-controls
#4
Joseph Ben-Sheetrit, Liat Huller-Harari, Michal Rasner, Nehemia Magen, Nitsa Nacasch, Paz Toren
BACKGROUND: Inadequate prenatal care has been associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. We sought to compare compliance with prenatal care visits (PCV), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and serum alfa-fetoprotein (aFP) in women with psychiatric disorders (PD) and healthy controls. METHODS: Subjects were 5395 women (1043 PD and 4352 controls), members of Clalit Health Services (Tel-Aviv district, Israel), who gave birth during 2004-2014. We used Generalized Estimating Equations with binary-logistic models, considering consecutive pregnancies as repeated measures with unbalanced design...
January 17, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353034/impact-of-targeted-scanning-protocols-on-perinatal-outcomes-in-pregnancies-at-risk-of-placenta-accreta-spectrum-or-vasa-previa
#5
Yaakov Melcer, Eric Jauniaux, Shlomit Maymon, Anna Tsviban, Marina Pekar-Zlotin, Moshe Betser, Ron Maymon
BACKGROUND: Placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) and vasa previa (VP) are congenital disorders of placentation associated with high morbidity and mortality for both mothers and newborns when undiagnosed before delivery. Prenatal diagnosis of these conditions is essential to allow multidisciplinary management and thus improve perinatal outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To compare perinatal outcome in women with PAS or VP before and after implementation of targeted scanning protocols...
January 15, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352976/anterior-segment-imaging-for-angle-closure
#6
Sunee Chansangpetch, Prin Rojanapongpun, Shan C Lin
PURPOSE: To summarize the role of anterior segment imaging (AS-imaging) in angle closure diagnosis and management, and the possible advantages over the current standard of gonioscopy. DESIGN: Literature review and perspective. METHODS: Review of the pertinent publications with interpretation and perspective in relation to the use of AS-imaging in angle closure assessment focusing on anterior segment optical coherence tomography and ultrasound biomicroscopy...
January 15, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352897/cost-utility-of-quadrivalent-versus-trivalent-influenza-vaccine-in-brazil-comparison-of-outcomes-from-different-static-model-types
#7
Laure-Anne Van Bellinghen, Alen Marijam, Gabriela Tannus Araujo, Jorge Gomez, Ilse Van Vlaenderen
BACKGROUND: Influenza burden in Brazil is considerable with 4.2-6.4 million cases in 2008 and influenza-like-illness responsible for 16.9% of hospitalizations. Cost-effectiveness of influenza vaccination may be assessed by different types of models, with limitations due to data availability, assumptions, and modelling approach. OBJECTIVE: To understand the impact of model complexity, the cost-utility of quadrivalent versus trivalent influenza vaccines (QIV versus TIV) in Brazil was estimated using three distinct models: a 1-year decision tree population model with three age groups (FLOU); a more detailed 1-year population model with five age groups (FLORA); and a more complex lifetime multi-cohort Markov model with nine age groups (FLORENCE)...
January 17, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352725/longitudinal-evaluation-of-a-training-program-to-promote-routine-antenatal-enquiry-for-domestic-violence-by-midwives
#8
Kathleen Baird, Debra K Creedy, Amornrat S Saito, Jennifer Eustace
BACKGROUND: Routine enquiry about domestic violence during pregnancy is accepted best practice. Training is essential to improve knowledge and practice. Few studies have undertaken a comprehensive evaluation of training impact over time. AIM: To evaluate the longitudinal impact of a domestic violence training and support program to promote midwives' routine antenatal enquiry for domestic violence using a mixed methods design. METHOD: Data sources included (1) surveys of midwives at 6 months post-training, (2) interviews with key stakeholders at 12 months, (3) chart audit data of screening, risk, and disclosure rates (for 16 months)...
January 15, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352629/an-in-silico-comparative-dosimetric-study-of-postmastectomy-locoregional-irradiation-using-intensity-modulated-vs-3-dimensional-conventional-radiotherapy
#9
Pooja Khullar, Charu Garg, Sujit Nath Sinha, Inderjit Kaur, Niloy Ranjan Datta
An in silico dosimetric evaluation of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) vs 3-dimensional conventional radiation therapy (3D-CRT) treatment plans in postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) to the chest wall and regional lymphatics was conducted. Twenty-five consecutive patients with breast cancer referred for locoregional PMRT, stages T2-4 with N1-3, were planned to receive 50 Gy in 25 fractions with IMRT. Additionally, a 3D-CRT plan was generated using identical contours for the clinical target volumes (CTV), planning target volumes (PTV), and organs at risk (OAR)...
January 15, 2018: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352596/thirty-day-readmissions-following-parathyroidectomy-evidence-from-the-national-readmissions-database-2013-2014
#10
Adam M Kravietz, Jessica L Buicko, Joshua P Parreco, Michael A Lopez, Robert A Kozol
PURPOSE: Parathyroidectomy is one of the most common procedures performed in the United States, and are increasingly being performed safely in the outpatient setting. However, complications from surgery can be life-threatening, and thus an understanding of who may be at risk is essential. We analyzed and compared the risk factors for patients readmitted within 30 days following inpatient parathyroidectomy for primary or secondary hyperparathyroidism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the National Readmissions Database from 2013 to 2014 for patients who received inpatient parathyroidectomy for primary or secondary hyperparathyroidism...
January 10, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352591/potential-pitfalls-in-applying-screening-criteria-in-infants-at-risk-of-peanut-allergy
#11
Elissa M Abrams, Edmond S Chan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352548/prediction-of-psychosis-across-protocols-and-risk-cohorts-using-automated-language-analysis
#12
Cheryl M Corcoran, Facundo Carrillo, Diego Fernández-Slezak, Gillinder Bedi, Casimir Klim, Daniel C Javitt, Carrie E Bearden, Guillermo A Cecchi
Language and speech are the primary source of data for psychiatrists to diagnose and treat mental disorders. In psychosis, the very structure of language can be disturbed, including semantic coherence (e.g., derailment and tangentiality) and syntactic complexity (e.g., concreteness). Subtle disturbances in language are evident in schizophrenia even prior to first psychosis onset, during prodromal stages. Using computer-based natural language processing analyses, we previously showed that, among English-speaking clinical (e...
February 2018: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352452/the-determinants-of-reduced-dietary-intake-in-hospitalised-colorectal-cancer-patients
#13
Anne van der Werf, Katherine Arthey, Michael Hiesmayr, Isabella Sulz, Karin Schindler, Alessandro Laviano, Jacqueline Langius, Marian de van der Schueren
PURPOSE: Patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) often experience malnutrition and weight loss, largely resulting from reduced dietary intake. The aim of this study was to identify determinants of reduced dietary intake in order to facilitate early recognition of malnutrition and optimise nutritional treatment. METHODS: Data from nutritionDay, an international 1-day survey investigating patient, disease and food profiles, were used. To identify determinants of dietary intake, defined as normal vs...
January 19, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352427/preserved-in-vitro-immunoreactivity-in-children-receiving-long-term-immunosuppressive-therapy-due-to-inflammatory-bowel-disease-or-autoimmune-hepatitis
#14
Teresa Schleker, Eva-Maria Jacobsen, Benjamin Mayer, Gudrun Strauss, Klaus-Michael Debatin, Carsten Posovszky
BACKGROUND: Children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) or autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) are at risk for severe infections. This is partially a result of their chronic disease condition but, moreover, a side effect of their immunosuppressive therapy. Currently, vaccinations with live vaccines are regarded as contraindicated under immunosuppressive therapy, mainly because of concerns about side effects and a lack of data showing an adequate immune reaction. As there is no systematic study on the individual immunoreactivity under immunosuppressive therapy in this patient group, we analyzed the lymphocyte subgroups and immunoreactivity of lymphocytes in children with IBD or AIH with and without immunosuppressive therapy in vitro...
January 19, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352399/predictors-of-retention-in-an-alcohol-and-risky-sex-prevention-program-for-homeless-young-adults
#15
Eric R Pedersen, Brett A Ewing, Elizabeth J D'Amico, Jeremy N V Miles, Ann C Haas, Joan S Tucker
Homeless young adults are at risk for alcohol and other drug (AOD) use and risky sexual behavior. Interventions are needed to help these young people reduce their risky behavior, but this population is often difficult to engage and retain in services. We offered a four-session AOD and risky sex reduction program to 100 participants and examined if retention in the program was predicted by a number of factors: demographics, homelessness severity, other service use, AOD behaviors, mental health symptoms, sexual risk behaviors, and readiness to change AOD and condom use...
January 20, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352365/-anesthesia-problem-cards-indispensable-yet-problematic-nationwide-survey-on-experiences-from-clinical-practice
#16
M Schieren, A Böhmer, W Golbeck, J Defosse, F Wappler, H E Marcus
BACKGROUND: Anesthetic procedures may lead to severe and potentially life-threatening complications (e. g. difficult airway, allergic reactions, malignant hyperthermia). Most complications can be avoided in future anesthetic procedures with adequate preparation (e. g. awake intubation, trigger-free anesthesia). In Germany, anesthesia problem cards were introduced two decades ago to identify patients at risk and to increase patient safety by creating a standardized documentation system for anesthesia-related complications...
January 19, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351894/the-use-of-technology-in-identifying-hospital-malnutrition-scoping-review
#17
REVIEW
Dino Trtovac, Joon Lee
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a condition most commonly arising from the inadequate consumption of nutrients necessary to maintain physiological health and is associated with the development of cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and sarcopenia. Malnutrition occurring in the hospital setting is caused by insufficient monitoring, identification, and assessment efforts. Furthermore, the ability of health care workers to identify and recognize malnourished patients is suboptimal. Therefore, interventions focusing on the identification and treatment of malnutrition are valuable, as they reduce the risks and rates of malnutrition within hospitals...
January 19, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351709/-validation-of-the-screening-for-complex-ptsd-skptbs-revision
#18
Florence Dorr, Martin Sack, Jürgen Bengel
BACKGROUND: The aim was to develop further a screening instrument for complex posttraumatic stress disorder (cPTSD). The screening for cPTSD (SkPTBS) tests a) potential traumatic experiences, b) influential features and risk factors, and c) symptoms of cPTSD. The SkPTBS by Dorr et al. (2016) was revised according to the current ICD-11 criteria set proposal for cPTSD and is explored in its revised edition. METHOD: Impacts of long-lasting interpersonal trauma were tested in inpatients of psychosomatic rehabilitation and in patients consulting a university outpatient center for trauma therapy...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351642/caregiver-provided-physical-therapy-home-programs-for-children-with-motor-delay-a-scoping-review
#19
Edward James R Gorgon
Background: Caregiver-provided physical therapy home programs (PTHP) play an important role in enhancing motor outcomes in pediatric patient populations. Purpose: This scoping review systematically mapped clinical trials of caregiver-provided PTHP that were aimed at enhancing motor outcomes in children who have or who are at risk for motor delay, with the purpose of (1) describing trial characteristics; (2) assessing methodologic quality, and (3) examining the reporting of caregiver-related components...
January 17, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351303/automated-inverse-optimization-facilitates-lower-doses-to-normal-tissue-in-pancreatic-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy
#20
Ivaylo B Mihaylov, Eric A Mellon, Raphael Yechieli, Lorraine Portelance
PURPOSE: Inverse planning is trial-and-error iterative process. This work introduces a fully automated inverse optimization approach, where the treatment plan is closely tailored to the unique patient anatomy. The auto-optimization is applied to pancreatic stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The automation is based on stepwise reduction of dose-volume histograms (DVHs). Five uniformly spaced points, from 1% to 70% of the organ at risk (OAR) volumes, are used...
2018: PloS One
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