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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830068/cytokine-production-in-vitro-and-in-rat-model-of-colitis-in-response-to-lactobacillus-plantarum-ls-07
#1
Jana Štofilová, Tomaž Langerholc, Cristian Botta, Primož Treven, Lidija Gradišnik, Rastislav Salaj, Alena Šoltésová, Izabela Bertková, Zdenka Hertelyová, Alojz Bomba
Over the past decade, it has become clear that specific probiotic lactobacilli are valuable in the prevention and treatment of infectious and inflammatory diseases of gastrointestinal tract but their successful application would benefit greatly from a better understanding of the mechanisms of individual strains. Hence, each probiotic strain should be characterized for their immune activity before being proposed for clinical applications. The aim of the study was to characterize the immunomodulatory activity of the strain Lactobacillus (L...
August 18, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829993/effect-of-different-dental-burs-for-experimental-induction-of-pulpitis-in-mice
#2
Xilin Shi, Zhengmao Li, Ying He, Qianzhou Jiang, Xuechao Yang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of using different dental burs on the development of pulpal inflammation after pulpal exposure in mice. DESIGN: Eighty-eight C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to group A (n=40), group B (n=40) and control group (n=8). The pulps of the maxillary first molars were occlusally exposed using ¼ round burs and polishing burs in group A and B respectively. Animals were sacrificed randomly at 0h, 4h, 8h, 12h and 24h after pulpal exposure...
August 11, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829928/green-tree-frog-hyla-cinerea-and-ground-squirrel-xerospermophilus-spilosoma-mortality-attributed-to-inland-brevetoxin-transportation-at-padre-island-national-seashore-texas-2015
#3
Danielle E Buttke, Alicia Walker, I-Shuo Huang, Leanne Flewelling, Julia Lankton, Anne E Ballmann, Travis Clapp, James Lindsay, Paul V Zimba
On 16 September 2015, a red tide (Karenia brevis) bloom impacted coastal areas of Padre Island National Seashore Park. Two days later and about 0.9 km inland, 30-40 adult green tree frogs (Hyla cinerea) were found dead after displaying tremors, weakness, labored breathing, and other signs of neurologic impairment. A rainstorm, accompanied by high winds, rough surf, and high tides, which could have aerosolized brevetoxin, occurred on the morning of the mortality event. Frog carcasses were healthy but contained significant brevetoxin in tissues...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829797/blend-sign-predicts-poor-outcome-in-patients-with-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#4
Qi Li, Wen-Song Yang, Xing-Chen Wang, Du Cao, Dan Zhu, Fa-Jin Lv, Yang Liu, Liang Yuan, Gang Zhang, Xin Xiong, Rui Li, Yun-Xin Hu, Xin-Yue Qin, Peng Xie
INTRODUCTION: Blend sign has been recently described as a novel imaging marker that predicts hematoma expansion. The purpose of our study was to investigate the prognostic value of CT blend sign in patients with ICH. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: Patients with intracerebral hemorrhage who underwent baseline CT scan within 6 hours were included. The presence of blend sign on admission nonenhanced CT was independently assessed by two readers. The functional outcome was assessed by using the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) at 90 days...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829731/high-prevalence-of-anemia-but-low-level-of-iron-deficiency-in-preschool-children-during-a-low-transmission-period-of-malaria-in-rural-kivu-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#5
Esto Bahizire, Paluku Bahwere, Philippe Donnen, P Lundimu Tugirimana, Serge Balol'ebwami, Michèle Dramaix, Chouchou Nfundiko, Raphaël Chirimwami, Kanigula Mubagwa
Anemia is a worldwide public health concern especially in preschool children in developing countries and iron deficiency (ID) is generally assumed to cause at least 50% of the cases. However, data on this contribution are scarce. To close this gap, we determined in 2013 the contribution of ID in the etiology of anemia and measured others factors associated to noniron deficiency anemia (NIDA) in 900 preschool children randomly selected during a two-stage cluster nutritional survey in the Miti-Murhesa health zone, in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo...
August 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829730/clinical-characteristics-of-severe-japanese-encephalitis-a-case-series-from-south-korea
#6
Jun-Sang Sunwoo, Soon-Tae Lee, Keun-Hwa Jung, Kyung-Il Park, Jangsup Moon, Ki-Young Jung, Manho Kim, Sang Kun Lee, Kon Chu
Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus is a major cause of devastating viral encephalitis, especially in Asia. Although a successful vaccination program led to its near-elimination over three decades in South Korea, the incidence of JE has increased since 2010. The present study investigated the clinical manifestations, laboratory findings, and factors affecting neurological outcomes of reemerging JE. We retrospectively reviewed medical records of laboratory-confirmed JE patients who presented with acute encephalitis syndrome at three tertiary hospitals between 2010 and 2015...
August 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829651/experiences-with-osteoligamentoplasty-according-to-weiss-for-the-treatment-of-scapholunate-dissociation
#7
W Petersen, J Rothenberger, H E Schaller, A Rahmanian-Schwarz, M Held
BACKGROUND: In post-traumatic, dynamic, or static scapholunate (SL) instability, an SL ligament reconstruction is advisable to avoid long-term complications. However, a sufficient primary reconstruction is best achieved in acute injuries. For chronic SL dissociation, there is still no satisfying standard surgical technique. In this context, we evaluated the clinical outcome of Weiss's osteoligamentoplasty as a treatment option. METHODS: Over a three-year period, 16 patients with chronic and symptomatic SL dissociation Grade-II and III, without the signs of osteoarthrosis were, surgically treated using a bone-retinaculum-bone autograft from the distal radius...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829244/using-clinical-signs-of-neglect-to-identify-elder-neglect-cases
#8
Lee S Friedman, Susan Avila, Elaine Liu, Kimberly Dixon, Olivia Patch, Renee Partida, Holly Zielke, Barbara Giloth, Daniel Friedman, Lois Moorman, Wendy Meltzer
Elder neglect is the one of the most pervasive forms of mistreatment and often the only place outside of the individual's residence to identify and assist neglected individuals is in a medical setting. However, elder neglect cases treated in hospitals do not present with a single diagnosis or clinical sign, but rather involve a complex constellation of clinical signs. Currently there is a lack of comprehensive guidelines on which clinical signs to use in screening tools for neglect among patients treated in hospitals...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829166/hyperattenuating-sign-an-important-finding-to-diagnose-pulmonary-embolism-at-unenhanced-chest-ct
#9
Pedro Paulo Teixeira E Silva Torres, Alexandre Dias Mançano, Edson Marchiori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828964/clinical-nutrition-and-gastrointestinal-dysfunction-in-critically-ill-stroke-patients
#10
Robert Patejdl, Matthias Kästner, Stephan Kolbaske, Matthias Wittstock
Background Data on the epidemiology and risk factors of altered gastrointestinal motility (AGIM) is virtually lacking for patients suffering from non-traumatic neurologic diseases and stroke. This study investigated whether patterns of AGIM differ between patients with stroke and other severe acute brain diseases. Methods Clinical records of stroke and non-stroke patients treated at a neurological intensive care unit (ICU) were reviewed at day 1-5 and at day 10 after admission. The data was analyzed for the course of enteral/parenteral nutrition and for and for signs and symptoms of gastrointestinal dysfunction...
August 22, 2017: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828950/evaluation-of-interobserver-agreement-for-postoperative-pain-and-sedation-assessment-in-cats
#11
Javier Benito, Beatriz P Monteiro, Guy Beauchamp, B Duncan X Lascelles, Paulo V Steagall
OBJECTIVE To evaluate agreement between observers with different training and experience for assessment of postoperative pain and sedation in cats by use of a dynamic and interactive visual analog scale (DIVAS) and for assessment of postoperative pain in the same cats with a multidimensional composite pain scale (MCPS). DESIGN Randomized, controlled, blinded study. ANIMALS 45 adult cats undergoing ovariohysterectomy. PROCEDURES Cats received 1 of 3 preoperative treatments: bupivacaine, IP; meloxicam, SC with saline (0...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828917/the-scratch-collapse-test-in-the-diagnosis-of-compression-of-the-median-nerve-in-the-proximal-forearm
#12
Isidro Jiménez, Pedro J Delgado
Our purpose was to review the clinical usefulness of the scratch collapse test (SCT) in the diagnosis of proximal entrapment of the median nerve in the forearm. Eighteen consecutive cases were reviewed. The diagnosis was based on the patient's symptoms and signs. The SCT was positive in the affected forearm in all clinical assessments before surgery and it was negative in all after median nerve release. An anatomical reason for nerve compression was identified in all cases at operation. The SCT is a useful tool for the diagnosis of the proximal entrapment of the median nerve...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828763/laser-and-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-agent-treatments-for-retinal-arterial-macroaneurysm
#13
Yen-Yi Chen, Lo-Yi Lin, Pei-Yao Chang, Fang-Ting Chen, Elsa L C Mai, Jia-Kang Wang
PURPOSE: To describe the efficacy of laser and intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) agents for patients with symptomatic retinal arterial macroaneurysm (RAM). DESIGN: From 2009 to 2016, we collected patients with exudative or hemorrhagic RAM all treated by focal laser photocoagulation. METHODS: Nd:YAG laser was performed in patients with subinternal limiting membrane (sub-ILM) hemorrhage. Intravitreal anti-VEGF agents were given in eyes with macular exudation as adjuncts...
August 22, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828603/manganese-control-of-glutamate-transporters-gene-expression
#14
Eunsook Lee, Pratap Karki, James Johnson, Peter Hong, Michael Aschner
Manganese (Mn) is an essential trace element, serving as a cofactor for several enzymes involved in various cellular and biochemical reactions in human body. However, chronic overexposure to Mn from occupational or environmental sources induces a neurological disorder, characterized by psychiatric, cognitive, and motor abnormalities, referred to as manganism. Mn-induced neurotoxicity is known to target astrocytes since these cells preferentially accumulate Mn. Astrocytes are the most abundant non-neuronal glial cells in the brain, and they play a critical role in maintaining the optimal glutamate levels to prevent excitotoxic death...
2017: Advances in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828601/how-likely-are-oscillations-in-a-genetic-feedback-loop-with-delay
#15
Filippo Cola, Filippo Marchetti, Guido Tiana
Some genetic control networks display temporal oscillations as a result of delays in their homeostatic control. A relevant question about these systems is whether the oscillating regime is a rare feature, or it corresponds to a sizeable volume of the space of parameters. The answer is not trivial mainly due to the large number of parameters controlling the rate equations which describe the network. We have developed an efficient sampling scheme of the parameter space, based on a Monte Carlo algorithm, and applied it to a two-node system with delay, characterised by a 8-dimension parameter space...
August 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828512/accuracy-and-reliability-of-tablet-computer-as-an-imaging-console-for-detection-of-radiological-signs-of-acute-appendicitis-using-pacs-workstation-as-reference-standard
#16
Muhammad Awais, Dawar Burhan Khan, Muhammad Danish Barakzai, Abdul Rehman, Noor Ul-Ain Baloch, Naila Nadeem
PURPOSE: To ascertain the accuracy and reliability of tablet as an imaging console for detection of radiological signs of acute appendicitis [on focused appendiceal computed tomography (FACT)] using Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS) workstation as reference standard. METHODS: From January, 2014 to June, 2015, 225 patients underwent FACT at our institution. These scans were blindly re-interpreted by an independent consultant radiologist, first on PACS workstation and, two weeks later, on tablet...
August 21, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828502/the-sunburst-sign-in-renal-angiomyolipoma
#17
REVIEW
Yan-Lin Li, Kam-Ho Lee, Man-Leung Yu, Vince Lau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 21, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828195/critically-ill-patients-and-gut-motility-are-we-addressing-it
#18
REVIEW
Alfredo Vazquez-Sandoval, Shekhar Ghamande, Salim Surani
Gastrointestinal (GI) dysmotility is a common problem in the critically ill population. It can be a reflection and an early sign of patient deterioration or it can be an independent cause of morbidity and mortality. GI dysmotility can be divided for clinical purposes on upper GI dysmotility and lower GI dysmotility. Upper GI dysmotility manifests by nausea, feeding intolerance and vomiting; its implications include aspiration into the airway of abdominal contents and underfeeding. Several strategies to prevent and treat this condition can be tried and they include prokinetics and post-pyloric feeds...
August 6, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828164/oral-manifestations-as-the-first-presenting-sign-of-crohn-s-disease-in-a-pediatric-patient
#19
Ashley Eckel, Dale Lee, Gail Deutsch, Anthony Maxin, Dolphine Oda
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory disorder affecting the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Although the GI tract is the primary site of involvement, many patients, particularly in pediatric cases, first present with non-intestinal manifestations, including oral lesions. Oral manifestations of CD in children occur in around 50-80% of cases, and about 30% of CD cases in children occur first in the mouth. Recognizing such oral lesions in the pediatric population, and requesting a biopsy, may expedite the diagnosis of CD...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828155/effects-of-the-functional-orthopaedic-therapy-on-masticatory-muscles-activity
#20
Elena Di Palma, Michele Tepedino, Claudio Chimenti, Gianluca M Tartaglia, Chiarella Sforza
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine surface electromyographic (sEMG) activity of masticatory muscles before and after functional orthopaedic therapy with Sander appliance. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten adolescents (5 girls, 5 boys) with an Angle Class II, division I malocclusion, 9-13 years old, were submitted to sEMG before and after functional orthopaedic therapy. To verify the neuromuscular equilibrium, the standardized EMG activities of right and left masseter and anterior temporal muscles were recorded during maximum voluntary clench, and analysed calculating: POC (index of the symmetric distribution of the muscular activity determined by the occlusion); TC (index of presence of mandibular torque) and Ac (index suggesting the position of occlusal barycentre)...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
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