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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549358/-complication-analysis-in-lisfranc-fracture-dislocation
#1
R J García-Renedo, A Carranza-Bencano, R Leal-Gómez, F Cámara-Arrigunaga
OBJECTIVE: To value the complications and sequels for patients with Lisfrancs fracture-luxation (FLL). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A transverse ambispective study of cohorts was realized of 83 patients by diagnosis of Lisfrancs fracture-luxation. There was in use a protocol of withdrawal of information with variables related to the injury, clinical, therapeutic parameters, complications and scales of clinical valuation. RESULTS: 66 patients (79...
November 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549092/the-effect-of-spectacle-lenses-containing-peripheral-defocus-on-refractive-error-and-horizontal-eye-shape-in-the-guinea-pig
#2
Hannah E Bowrey, Guang Zeng, Dennis Y Tse, Amelia J Leotta, Yi Wu, Chi-Ho To, Christine F Wildsoet, Sally A McFadden
Purpose: It has been proposed that the peripheral retina, responding to local optical defocus, contributes to myopia and associated altered eye growth in humans. To test this hypothesis, we measured the changes in central (on-axis) and peripheral ocular dimensions in guinea pigs wearing a concentric bifocal spectacle lens design with power restricted to the periphery. Methods: Five groups of guinea pigs (n = 83) wore either a unifocal (UF) spectacle lens (-4, 0, or +4 Diopters [D]), or a peripheral defocus (PF) spectacle lens that had a plano center (diameter of 5 mm) with either -4 or +4 D in the surround (-4/0 or +4/0 D)...
May 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549077/clinical-criteria-for-subtyping-parkinson-s-disease-biomarkers-and-longitudinal-progression
#3
Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Yashar Zeighami, Alain Dagher, Ronald B Postuma
Parkinson's disease varies widely in clinical manifestations, course of progression and biomarker profiles from person to person. Identification of distinct Parkinson's disease subtypes is of great priority to illuminate underlying pathophysiology, predict progression and develop more efficient personalized care approaches. There is currently no clear way to define and divide subtypes in Parkinson's disease. Using data from the Parkinson's Progression Markers Initiative, we aimed to identify distinct subgroups via cluster analysis of a comprehensive dataset at baseline (i...
May 25, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549017/diagnosis-of-enlarged-extraocular-muscles-when-and-how-to-biopsy
#4
Ilse Mombaerts, Geoffrey E Rose, David H Verity
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review current knowledge regarding diagnosis of nonthyroid orbital disorders with extraocular muscle enlargement. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent publications have focused on immunoglobulin G4-related disease as a possible cause of enlarged extraocular muscles, on patterns of strabismus that raise a clinical suspicion of intramuscular lymphoma, and on surgical techniques to access the muscles for tissue biopsy. SUMMARY: With enlarged extraocular muscles, features to distinguish between competing diagnostic possibilities are based on imaging in the context of history and clinical signs...
April 25, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548707/phenotypes-and-genotypes-in-individuals-with-smc1a-variants
#5
Sylvia Huisman, Paul A Mulder, Egbert Redeker, Ingrid Bader, Anne-Marie Bisgaard, Alice Brooks, Anna Cereda, Constanza Cinca, Dinah Clark, Valerie Cormier-Daire, Matthew A Deardorff, Karin Diderich, Mariet Elting, Anthonie van Essen, David Fitz Patrick, Cristina Gervasini, Gabriele Gillessen-Kaesbach, Katta M Girisha, Yvonne Hilhorst-Hofstee, Saskia Hopman, Denise Horn, Mala Isrie, Sandra Jansen, Cathrine Jespersgaard, Frank J Kaiser, Maninder Kaur, Tjitske Kleefstra, Ian D Krantz, Phillis Lakeman, Annemiek Landlust, Davor Lessel, Caroline Michot, Jo Moss, Sarah E Noon, Chris Oliver, Ilaria Parenti, Juan Pie, Feliciano J Ramos, Claudine Rieubland, Silvia Russo, Angelo Selicorni, Zeynep Tümer, Rieneke Vorstenbosch, Tara L Wenger, Ingrid van Balkom, Sigrid Piening, Jolanta Wierzba, Raoul C Hennekam
SMC1A encodes one of the proteins of the cohesin complex. SMC1A variants are known to cause a phenotype resembling Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS). Exome sequencing has allowed recognizing SMC1A variants in individuals with encephalopathy with epilepsy who do not resemble CdLS. We performed an international, interdisciplinary study on 51 individuals with SMC1A variants for physical and behavioral characteristics, and compare results to those in 67 individuals with NIPBL variants. For the Netherlands all known individuals with SMC1A variants were studied, both with and without CdLS phenotype...
May 26, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548647/acute-endophthalmitis-after-cataract-surgery-164-consecutive-cases-treated-at-a-referral-center-in-south-korea
#6
S H Jeong, H J Cho, H S Kim, J I Han, D W Lee, C G Kim, J W Kim
PurposeTo identify prognostic factors in patients referred with endophthalmitis after cataract surgery, and to evaluate the efficacy of primary vitrectomy as an initial management.MethodsOver an eight-year study period, we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 164 patients who were referred with endophthalmitis following cataract surgery. Treatment generally conformed to standard guidelines, although primary vitrectomy was performed in several eyes with a visual acuity of hand motion or better, depending on the patient's status...
May 26, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548619/stages-of-change-model-has-limited-value-in-explaining-the-change-in-use-of-cannabis-among-adolescent-participants-in-an-efficacious-motivational-interviewing-intervention
#7
Hans B Dupont, Math J J M Candel, Paul Lemmens, Charles D Kaplan, Dike van de Mheen, Nanne K De Vries
Previously, a Dutch randomized controlled trial evaluating an intervention aimed at changing adolescents' cannabis use, called Moti-4, has shown its efficacy. A secondary analysis of the Moti-4 data investigated the process of change specified by the Stage of Change (SOC) model in cannabis use during the trial. Seventy-one Moti-4 participants and 60 controls were recruited for the study with a pre-test, post-test (T1), and six-month follow-up (T2). All participants showed signs of problematic cannabis use. No contribution of the Moti-4 intervention to a change in SOC between T1 and T2 was found...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548616/pediatric-superior-semicircular-canal-dehiscence-illustrative-case-and-systematic-review
#8
Carlito Lagman, Vera Ong, Lawrance K Chung, Lekaa Elhajjmoussa, Christina Fong, Anthony C Wang, Quinton Gopen, Isaac Yang
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to present an illustrative case of pediatric superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD) and to systematically review the current published literature in the pediatric population. METHODS An electronic search of the Scopus, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Cochrane, and Embase databases was performed by 2 independent authors through January 2017. Search term combinations included "pediatrics," "children," "canal," and "dehiscence." Inclusion criteria were as follows: English, full-text clinical studies, case reports, and case series describing pediatric patient(s) (younger than 18 years) with CT evidence of SSCD...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548592/intracranial-pressure-monitoring-in-severe-blunt-head-trauma-does-the-type-of-monitoring-device-matter
#9
Alberto Aiolfi, Desmond Khor, Jayun Cho, Elizabeth Benjamin, Kenji Inaba, Demetrios Demetriades
OBJECTIVE Intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring has become the standard of care in the management of severe head trauma. Intraventricular devices (IVDs) and intraparenchymal devices (IPDs) are the 2 most commonly used techniques for ICP monitoring. Despite the widespread use of these devices, very few studies have investigated the effect of device type on outcomes. The purpose of the present study was to compare outcomes between 2 types of ICP monitoring devices in patients with isolated severe blunt head trauma...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548581/modeling-crash-injury-severity-by-road-feature-to-improve-safety
#10
Praveena Penmetsa, Srinivas S Pulugurtha
Structured Abstract Objective: The objective of this research is two-fold; a) to model and identify critical road features (or locations) based on crash injury severity and compare it with crash frequency, and, b) to model and identify drivers who are more likely to contribute to crashes by road feature. METHOD: Crash data from 2011 to 2013 was obtained from the Highway Safety Information System (HSIS) for the state of North Carolina. Twenty-three different road features were considered, analyzed and compared with each other as well as no road feature...
May 26, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548570/embolic-mycotic-encephalitis-in-a-cow-following-mortierella-wolfii-infection-of-a-surgery-site
#11
Benjamin Curtis, Charlotte Hollinger, Ailam Lim, Matti Kiupel
A 5-y-old Holstein dairy cow had surgery for a suspected displaced abomasum 10 d postpartum, developed acute neurologic signs at day 19, and was found dead 21 d postpartum. At autopsy, there was a peri-incisional intramuscular abscess that communicated with the peritoneal cavity, as well as hemorrhage and malacia involving the brain, and multiple nodules in the liver, kidneys, and lungs. Fungal hyphae were seen histologically at the surgery site, on the surface of the liver, and in lesions of severe necrotizing vasculitis in the lungs, kidneys, brain, and liver...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548568/genetic-antigenic-and-pathogenic-characteristics-of-newcastle-disease-viruses-isolated-from-geese-in-china
#12
Qianqian Xu, Junfeng Sun, Mengying Gao, Shasha Zhao, Huairan Liu, TingTing Zhang, Zongxi Han, Xiangang Kong, Shengwang Liu
Four Newcastle disease virus (NDV) strains were isolated from domestic, commercial geese that showed clinical signs that were believed to be the result of NDV infections. The genetic, antigenic, and pathogenic characteristics of the 4 NDVs were compared with those of NDV strains that were isolated from chickens. The complete genomes of 2 of the NDV strains contained 15,186 nucleotides (nt); the other 2 contained 15,192 nt, and exhibited the typical genomic organization of genotype II NDV and molecular characteristics of VIId NDVs...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548549/semantic-verbal-fluency-impairment-is-detectable-in-patients-with-subjective-cognitive-decline
#13
Tomas Nikolai, Ondrej Bezdicek, Hana Markova, Hana Stepankova, Jiri Michalec, Miloslav Kopecek, Monika Dokoupilova, Jakub Hort, Martin Vyhnalek
Patients with subjective cognitive decline (SCD) are at higher risk for conversion to dementia due to Alzheimer's disease (AD). Semantic verbal fluency (SVF) seems to be impaired in the early stages of AD. The goal of the present study was to identify the discriminative potential of verbal fluency (VF) in patients with SCD to show if very early signs of cognitive decline may be detected in SCD. We examined 93 normal controls (NC) and 61 participants with SCD. Each participant was administered a comprehensive neuropsychological battery...
May 26, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548349/head-withers-and-pelvic-movement-asymmetry-and-their-relative-timing-in-trot-in-racing-thoroughbreds-in-training
#14
T Pfau, K Noordwijk, M F Sepulveda Caviedes, E Persson-Sjodin, A Barstow, B Forbes, M Rhodin
BACKGROUND: Horses show compensatory head movement in hindlimb lameness and compensatory pelvis movement in forelimb lameness but little is known about the relationship of withers movement symmetry with head and pelvic asymmetry in horses with naturally occurring gait asymmetries. Objectives To document head, withers and pelvic movement asymmetry and timing differences in horses with naturally occurring gait asymmetries. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of gait data...
May 26, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548100/hierarchically-structured-lithium-titanate-for-ultrafast-charging-in-long-life-high-capacity-batteries
#15
Mateusz Odziomek, Frédéric Chaput, Anna Rutkowska, Konrad Świerczek, Danuta Olszewska, Maciej Sitarz, Frédéric Lerouge, Stephane Parola
High-performance Li-ion batteries require materials with well-designed and controlled structures on nanometre and micrometre scales. Electrochemical properties can be enhanced by reducing crystallite size and by manipulating structure and morphology. Here we show a method for preparing hierarchically structured Li4Ti5O12 yielding nano- and microstructure well-suited for use in lithium-ion batteries. Scalable glycothermal synthesis yields well-crystallized primary 4-8 nm nanoparticles, assembled into porous secondary particles...
May 26, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547872/cerebral-white-matter-lesion-burden-is-associated-with-the-degree-of-aortic-valve-calcification-and-predicts-peri-procedural-cerebrovascular-events-in-patients-undergoing-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-tavi
#16
Jonas Doerner, Patrick A Kupczyk, Marius Wilsing, Julian A Luetkens, Klaus Storm, Rolf Fimmers, Tilman Hickethier, Lars Eichhorn, Claas P Naehle, Hans H Schild, Nikos Werner, Georg Nickenig, Alexander Ghanem
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of aortic valve calcification and brain morphology on acute peri-procedural cerebrovascular events (CVEs) in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). BACKGROUND: Aortic valve calcification and stenosis can be assessed with echocardiography. Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) depicts and quantifies morphological signs of hypoperfusion and vascular embolism, which is of special interest in patients with severe aortic stenosis...
May 26, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547839/thrombotic-thrombocytopenic-purpura-related-to-adamts13-deficiency-and-successful-treatment-in-a-chimpanzee-pan%C3%A2-troglodytes-verus
#17
Hester van Bolhuis, Marno Wolters, Mark de Boer, Rob Fijnheer, Martine van Zijll Langhout, Henk Niphuis, Carel Eckmann
A 27-year-old male chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) developed signs of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). ADAMTS13 deficiency appeared to be the cause of disease. After treatment with high-dose prednisone, haematological values and clinical signs recovered. This is the first description of spontaneous TTP associated with ADAMTS13 deficiency in a non-human primate.
May 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547815/balancing-the-autonomic-nervous-system-to-reduce-inflammation-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#18
F A Koopman, M A van Maanen, M J Vervoordeldonk, P P Tak
Imbalance in the autonomic nervous system (ANS) has been observed in many established chronic autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), which is a prototypic immune-mediated inflammatory disease (IMID). We recently discovered that autonomic dysfunction precedes and predicts arthritis development in subjects at risk of developing seropositive RA. In addition, RA patients with relatively high vagus nerve tone (higher parasympathetic parameters, measured by heart rate variability) respond better to antirheumatic therapies...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547521/validation-of-the-cingulate-island-sign-with-optimized-ratios-for-discriminating-dementia-with-lewy-bodies-from-alzheimer-s-disease-using-brain-perfusion-spect
#19
Etsuko Imabayashi, Tsutomu Soma, Daichi Sone, Tadashi Tsukamoto, Yukio Kimura, Noriko Sato, Miho Murata, Hiroshi Matsuda
OBJECTIVE: Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is often cited as the second most common dementia after Alzheimer's disease (AD). It is clinically important to distinguish DLB from AD because specific side effects of antipsychotic drugs are limited to DLB. The relative preservation of cingulate glucose metabolism in the posterior cingulate gyri versus that in the precuni, known as the cingulate island sign (CIS), in patients with DLB compared with AD is supposed to be highly specific for diagnosing DLB...
May 25, 2017: Annals of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547316/preliminary-study-of-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-medium-chain-triglycerides-for-use-as-an-intraocular-tamponading-agent-in-minipigs
#20
Vincent J Soler, Camille Laurent, Frédéric Sakr, Alain Regnier, Cyrielle Tricoire, Olivier Cases, Renata Kozyraki, Jean-Yves Douet, Véronique Pagot-Mathis
PURPOSE: To date, only silicone oils and gases have the appropriate characteristics for use in vitreo-retinal surgery as vitreous substitutes with intraocular tamponading properties. This preliminary study evaluated the safety and efficacy of medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) for use as a tamponading agent in minipigs. METHODS: In 15 minipigs, 15 right eyes underwent vitrectomies followed by injection of MCT tamponade (day 1). Two groups were defined. In Group A (ten eyes), the surgical procedure before MCT injection included induced rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD), retina flattening, and retinopexy...
May 25, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
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