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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692052/-clonal-diversity-and-genetic-structure-of-enhalus-acoroides-populations-along-hainan-island-china
#1
Kai Jiang, Hui Gao, Xiao Yong Chen
Seagrasses are monocotyledons that grow in intertidal and subtidal zones. Seagrass beds are among ecosystems with the highest ecosystem service value. However, seagrass beds are rapidly decline due to anthropogenic disturbances and global climate change. Enhalus acoroides, a monoecious perennial species, is the largest seagrass in stature. It distributes in tropical regions, with Hainan Island as its northern limits. Clonal diversity and genetic structure of E. acoroides populations in Hainan Island were studied to facilitate its conservation and restoration...
February 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691993/epidemiology-and-molecular-characterization-of-chicken-anaemia-virus-from-commercial-and-native-chickens-in-taiwan
#2
S-C Ou, H-L Lin, P-C Liu, H-J Huang, M-S Lee, Y-Y Lien, Y-L Tsai
Chicken infectious anaemia (CIA) is a disease with a highly economic impact in the poultry industry. The infected chickens are characterized by aplastic anaemia and extreme immunosuppression, followed by the increased susceptibility to secondary infectious pathogens and suboptimal immune responses for vaccination. Commercially available CIA vaccines are routinely used in the breeders in Taiwan to protect their progeny with maternal-derived antibodies. However, CIA cases still occur in the field and little is known about the genetic characteristics of Taiwanese chicken anaemia viruses (CAVs)...
April 25, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691933/pcr-analysis-of-a-prescription-vegetarian-diet-and-use-in-three-dogs-with-cutaneous-adverse-food-reactions
#3
Erin E Aufox, Elizabeth R May, Linda A Frank, Stephen A Kania
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous adverse food reaction (CAFR) is diagnosed by performing an elimination diet trial utilizing prescription or home-cooked diets followed by provocative challenge. OBJECTIVES: To report findings of PCR analysis of a prescription vegetarian diet (RCV) for undeclared proteins of animal origin, as well as to describe its utilization for diagnosis and management of dogs suspected of having CAFR. ANIMALS: Three client-owned dogs...
April 24, 2018: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691931/five-year-incidence-and-progression-of-myopic-maculopathy-in-a-rural-chinese-adult-population-the-handan-eye-study
#4
Caixia Lin, Shi-Ming Li, Kyoko Ohno-Matsui, Bing Song Wang, Yu Xin Fang, Kai Cao, Li Qin Gao, Jie Hao, Ye Zhang, Jian Wu, Ning Li Wang
PURPOSE: To determine the cumulative five-year incidence and progression of myopic maculopathy in a rural Chinese adult population. METHODS: The Handan Eye Study was a population-based longitudinal study. In 2006, 6830 subjects aged 30+ years participated in this study (baseline). Five years later, 5394 subjects (follow-up rate: 85.3%) took part in the follow-up study. Participants had a detailed eye examination, including visual acuity, standardized refraction and fundus photography according to a similar protocol at both baseline and follow-up...
May 2018: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691921/parental-attitudes-to-myopia-a-key-agent-of-change-for-myopia-control
#5
Saoirse McCrann, Ian Flitcroft, Kevin Lalor, John Butler, Aaron Bush, James Loughman
PURPOSE: With the increasing prevalence in myopia there is growing interest in active myopia prevention. This study aims to increase our understanding of parental attitudes to myopia development and control, as a means to inform future health planning and policy. It evaluates, for the first time, the attitude of parents to myopia and its associated risks, as well as assessing the exposure of Irish children to environmental factors that may influence their risk profile for myopia development...
May 2018: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691914/definitions-for-warning-signs-and-signs-of-severe-dengue-according-to-the-who-2009-classification-systematic-review-of-literature
#6
REVIEW
Mostafa Ebraheem Morra, Ahmed M A Altibi, Somia Iqtadar, Le Huu Nhat Minh, Sameh Samir Elawady, Asma Hallab, Abdelrahman Elshafay, Omer Abedlbagi Omer, Ahmed Iraqi, Purushottam Adhikari, Jonair Hussein Labib, Khaled Mosaad Elhusseiny, Ahmed Elgebaly, Sophie Yacoub, Le Thi Minh Huong, Kenji Hirayama, Nguyen Tien Huy
Since warning signs and signs of severe dengue are defined differently between studies, we conducted a systematic review on how researchers defined these signs. We conducted an electronic search in Scopus to identify relevant articles, using key words including dengue, "warning signs," "severe dengue," and "classification." A total of 491 articles were identified through this search strategy and were subsequently screened by 2 independent reviewers for definitions of any of the warning or severe signs in the 2009 WHO dengue classification...
April 24, 2018: Reviews in Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691843/a-systems-approach-to-identify-factors-influencing-adverse-drug-events-in-nursing-homes
#7
Ali Azeez Al-Jumaili, William R Doucette
The objectives of the study were to identify the incidence rate and characteristics of adverse drug events (ADEs) in nursing homes (NHs) using the ADE trigger tool and to evaluate the relationships between resident and facility work system factors and incidence of ADEs using the System Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety (SEIPS) model. The study used 2 observational quantitative methods, retrospective resident chart extraction, and surveys. The participating staff included Directors of nursing, registered nurses, certified nurse assistants (CNAs)...
April 24, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691771/neuropathic-pain-is-it-an-underestimated-symptom-in-systemic-sclerosis
#8
Nihan Cuzdan, Ipek Turk, Tunay Sarpel, Eren Erken, Zeliha Nazan Alparslan
Pain is one of the most common symptoms in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients, yet not considered in the assessment of disease severity. This study aimed to investigate the frequency of neuropathic pain (NP) and to evaluate its interference with the quality of life (QoL) in SSc patients. Diffuse and Limited SSc patients diagnosed by American College of Rheumatology 2013 criteria were included in the study. Pain was evaluated with Visual Analogue Scale (VAS); presence of NP was screened with The Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (LANNS) questionnaire; disease activity was evaluated with modified Medsger Severity Scale (MSS) and QoL with short-form 36 (SF-36)...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691759/contrast-enhanced-ultrasonography-in-chronic-glomerulonephritides-correlation-with-histological-parameters-of-disease-activity
#9
Manuela Nestola, Nicoletta De Matthaeis, Pietro Manuel Ferraro, Paola Fuso, Stefano Costanzi, Gian Franco Zannoni, Fabrizio Pizzolante, Sabina Vasquez Quadra, Giovanni Gambaro, Gian Ludovico Rapaccini
PURPOSE: To compare contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS)-derived time-intensity (TI) curves with histological findings in kidneys of patients affected by chronic glomerulonephritides (GN) in the early stage of disease. METHODS: Research ethics committee approval and patient written informed consent were obtained. Thirty-one patients who showed clinical and laboratory signs of GN, with preserved renal function, were consecutively enrolled. They underwent kidney CEUS, from which TI curves were obtained, and kidney biopsy...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691755/my-patient-has-received-fluid-how-to-assess-its-efficacy-and-side-effects
#10
REVIEW
Xavier Monnet, Jean-Louis Teboul
Many efforts have been made to predict, before giving fluid, whether it will increase cardiac output. Nevertheless, after fluid administration, it is also essential to assess the therapeutic efficacy and to look for possible adverse effects. Like for any drug, this step should not be missed. Basically, volume expansion is aimed at improving tissue oxygenation and organ function. To assess this final result, clinical signs are often unhelpful. The increase in urine output in case of acute kidney injury is a poor marker of the kidney perfusion improvement...
April 24, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691616/lars-synthetic-ligaments-for-the-acute-management-of-111-acute-knee-dislocations-effective-surgical-treatment-for-most-ligaments
#11
Pierre Ranger, Andréa Senay, Geneviève Rochette Gratton, Marc Lacelle, Josée Delisle
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the longitudinal outcomes of acute repair and augmentation for the reconstruction of dislocated knees, using LARS synthetic ligaments. METHODS: Patients with a knee dislocation surgically treated using LARS synthetic ligament augmentation, with a minimum follow-up of 24 months, were enrolled between 1996 and 2014. Range of motion, Lachman, pivot shift, posterior drawer, step off sign, valgus, varus, KT-1000 arthrometer, Telos technique, IKDC, Lysholm, Tegner, and Meyers scores were obtained every 2 years up to 10 years...
April 24, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691607/protective-effect-of-nerolidol-loaded-in-nanospheres-against-cerebral-damage-caused-by-trypanosoma-evansi
#12
Matheus D Baldissera, Carine F Souza, Roberta C Riéffel, Maiara C Velho, Andiara P Ramos, Kátia Nascimento, Michele R Sagrillo, Aline F Ourique, Aleksandro S da Silva, Lenita M Stefani, Silvia G Monteiro
Trypanosoma evansi is a zoonotic parasite associated with high animal mortality that has gained importance due to its capacity to infect humans. Recently, some evidences have demonstrated that T. evansi infection causes severe genotoxic and cytotoxic damage in brain cells, contributing to the pathogenesis and clinical signs of the disease. In this sense, the aim of this study was to evaluate whether nerolidol-loaded in nanospheres, a natural compound with trypanocidal and neuroprotective effects, is able to protect the brain tissue from the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects found during T...
April 24, 2018: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691504/clear-signs-of-global-warming-will-hit-poorer-countries-first
#13
Quirin Schiermeier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691394/replication-and-pathogenic-potential-of-influenza-a-virus-subtypes-h3-h7-and-h15-from-free-range-ducks-in-bangladesh-in-mammals
#14
Rabeh El-Shesheny, Mohammed M Feeroz, Scott Krauss, Peter Vogel, Pamela McKenzie, Richard J Webby, Robert G Webster
Surveillance of wild aquatic birds and free-range domestic ducks in the Tanguar Haor wetlands in Bangladesh has identified influenza virus subtypes H3N6, H7N1, H7N5, H7N9, and H15N9. Molecular characterization of these viruses indicates their contribution to the genesis of new genotypes of H5N1 influenza viruses from clade 2.3.2.1a that are dominant in poultry markets in Bangladesh as well as to the genesis of the highly pathogenic H5N8 virus currently causing disease outbreaks in domestic poultry in Europe and the Middle East...
April 25, 2018: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691261/serum-vancomycin-concentrations-after-oral-and-intracolonic-vancomycin-administration-in-a-patient-with-colonic-discontinuity-and-severe-clostridium-difficile-infection
#15
Katja Wilke, Sina Helbig, Katja de With
PURPOSE: A case of detectable systemic vancomycin levels after oral vancomycin administration but not after intracolonic administration in a patient with colonic discontinuity and severe Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is reported. SUMMARY: A 63-year-old woman who had recently undergone pancreas-kidney transplantation developed severe CDI after 13 days of meropenem therapy for presumed urosepsis. Meropenem was stopped immediately, and treatment with oral vancomycin (250 mg every 6 hours) was started...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691243/role-and-prevalence-of-impaired-awareness-of-hypoglycaemia-in-ambulance-service-attendances-to-people-who-have-had-a-severe-hypoglycaemic-emergency-a-mixed-methods-study
#16
Edward A S Duncan, David Fitzpatrick, Theresa Ikegwuonu, Josie Evans, Margaret Maxwell
OBJECTIVES: (1) To compare the experiences of people who are affected by diabetes-related hypoglycaemia and either do or do not require an emergency attendance and (2) to measure the prevalence of impaired awareness of hypoglycaemia in patients who are attended by an ambulance service due to a severe hypoglycaemic event. DESIGN: A sequential mixed-methods study. SETTING: A qualitative interview study was undertaken with 31 people with diabetes (types 1 and 2) resident in the central belt of Scotland...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691181/success-of-two-stage-reimplantation-in-patients-requiring-an-interim-spacer-exchange
#17
Jaiben George, Evan M Miller, Gannon L Curtis, Alison K Klika, Wael K Barsoum, Michael A Mont, Carlos A Higuera
BACKGROUND: Some patients undergoing a 2-stage revision for a periprosthetic joint infection require a repeat spacer in the interim (removal of existing spacer with insertion of a new spacer or spacer exchange) due to persistent infection. The objectives of this study are to (1) determine the factors associated with patients who receive a repeat spacer and (2) compare the infection-free survival (overall and stratified by joint type) of reimplantation in patients who did or did not receive a repeat spacer...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691123/a-computer-aided-detection-of-the-architectural-distortion-in-digital-mammograms-using-the-fractal-dimension-measurements-of-bemd
#18
Imad Zyout, Roberto Togneri
Achieving a high performance for the detection and characterization of architectural distortion in screening mammograms is important for an efficient breast cancer early detection. Viewing a mammogram image as a rough surface that can be described using the fractal theory is a well-recognized approach. This paper presents a new fractal-based computer-aided detection (CAD) algorithm for characterizing various breast tissues in screening mammograms with a particular focus on distinguishing between architectural distortion and normal breast parenchyma...
April 3, 2018: Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics: the Official Journal of the Computerized Medical Imaging Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691080/implant-failure-after-motec-wrist-joint-prosthesis-due-to-failure-of-ball-and-socket-type-articulation-two-patients-with-adverse-reaction-to-metal-debris-and-polyether-ether-ketone
#19
Teemu Karjalainen, Konsta Pamilo, Aleksi Reito
We describe 2 cases of articulation-related failures resulting in revision surgery after a Motec total wrist arthroplasty: one with an adverse reaction to metal debris and the other with an adverse reaction to polyether ether ketone. In the first patient, blood cobalt and chrome levels were elevated and magnetic resonance imaging showed clear signs of a pseudotumor. The other patient had an extensive release of polyether ether ketone particles into the surrounding synovia due to adverse wear conditions in the cup, leading to the formation of a fluid-filled cyst sac with a black lining and diffuse lymphocyte-dominated inflammation in the synovia...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690987/-ankylosing-spinal-fractures-may-result-in-perforation-of-oesophagus
#20
Morten Mølgaard, Kamilla Truong, Kristian Høy
Oesophageal lesions due to spinal fractures are very rare and easily overlooked. In this case report a woman was involved in a minor car accident, and she was primarily examined at the accident and emergency department with no signs of fractures. Ten days later, she was readmitted due to high infection counts and back pain. She had an unstable fracture of Th4 and a perforation of the oesophagus due to ankylosing fractures. The case emphasises the need to pay attention to a possible development of secondary oesophageal perforation in ankylosing spines and unstable fractures, and the need for a special attention when examinating this group of patients...
April 9, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
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