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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727754/dysregulation-of-endothelial-colony-forming-cell-function-by-a-negative-feedback-loop-of-circulating-mir-146a-and-146b-in-cardiovascular-disease-patients
#1
Ting-Yu Chang, Wei-Chi Tsai, Tse-Shun Huang, Shu-Han Su, Chih-Young Chang, Hsiu-Yen Ma, Chun-Hsien Wu, Chih-Yung Yang, Chi-Hung Lin, Po-Hsun Huang, Cheng-Chung Cheng, Shu-Meng Cheng, Hsei-Wei Wang
Functional impairment of endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs), a specific cell lineage of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) is highly associated with the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD), the most common type of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Emerging evidence show that circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) in CAD patients' body fluid hold a great potential as biomarkers. However, our knowledge of the role of circulating miRNA in regulating the function of ECFCs and the progression of CAD is still in its infancy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727093/effects-of-intravenous-lipopolysaccharide-administration-on-feed-intake-ruminal-forage-degradability-and-liquid-parameters-and-physiological-responses-in-beef-cattle
#2
K D Lippolis, R F Cooke, K M Schubach, R S Marques, D W Bohnert
This experiment compared DMI, ruminal forage degradability, and liquid parameters as well as physiological responses in beef cattle receiving a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge or not. Eight ruminally cannulated Angus × Hereford steers (485 ± 16 kg BW) were housed in individual pens on d -7, ranked by BW, and allocated to 1 of 2 treatments administered on d 0: 1) an intravenous (i.v.) bolus dose (0.5 μg/kg of BW, diluted in 5 mL of 0.9% sterile saline) of bacterial LPS ( 0111:B4) or 2) a 5-mL i.v. injection of 0...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725998/membrane-phase-transition-during-heating-and-cooling-molecular-insight-into-reversible-melting
#3
Liping Sun, Rainer A Böckmann
With increasing temperature, lipid bilayers undergo a gel-fluid phase transition, which plays an essential role in many physiological phenomena. In the present work, this first-order phase transition was investigated for variable heating and cooling rates for a dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) lipid bilayer by means of atomistic molecular dynamics simulations. Alternative methods to track the melting temperature [Formula: see text] are compared. The resulting [Formula: see text] is shown to be independent of the scan rate for small heating rates (0...
July 19, 2017: European Biophysics Journal: EBJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725211/critical-evaluation-of-the-lund-concept-for-treatment-of-severe-traumatic-head-injury-25%C3%A2-years-after-its-introduction
#4
REVIEW
Per-Olof Grände
When introduced in 1992, the Lund concept (LC) was the first complete guideline for treatment of severe traumatic brain injury (s-TBI). It was a theoretical approach, based mainly on general physiological principles-i.e., of brain volume control and optimization of brain perfusion and oxygenation of the penumbra zone. The concept gave relatively strict outlines for cerebral perfusion pressure, fluid therapy, ventilation, sedation, nutrition, the use of vasopressors, and osmotherapy. The LC strives for treatment of the pathophysiological mechanisms behind symptoms rather than just treating the symptoms...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723186/ingestible-sensors
#5
Kourosh Kalantar-Zadeh, Nam Ha, Jian Zhen Ou, Kyle J Berean
Ingestible sensing capsules are fast emerging as a critical technology that has the ability to greatly impact health, nutrition, and clinical areas. These ingestible devices are noninvasive and hence are very attractive for customers. With widespread access to smart phones connected to the Internet, the data produced by this technology can be readily seen and reviewed online, and accessed by both users and physicians. The outputs provide invaluable information to reveal the state of gut health and disorders as well as the impact of food, medical supplements, and environmental changes on the gastrointestinal tract...
April 28, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721492/peristaltic-like-motion-of-the-human-fetal-right-ventricle-and-its-effects-on-fluid-dynamics-and-energy-dynamics
#6
Hadi Wiputra, Guat Ling Lim, Khong Chun Chua, R Nivetha, Sanah Merchant Soomar, Arijit Biwas, Citra Nurfarah Zaini Mattar, Hwa Liang Leo, Choon Hwai Yap
In both adult human and canine, the cardiac right ventricle (RV) is known to exhibit a peristaltic-like motion, where RV sinus (inflow region) contracts first and the infundibulum (outflow region) later, in a wave-like contraction motion. The delay in contraction between the sinus and infundibulum averaged at 15% of the cardiac cycle and was estimated to produce an intra-ventricular pressure difference of 15 mmHg. However, whether such a contractile motion occurs in human fetuses as well, its effects on hemodynamics remains unknown, and are the subject of the current study...
July 18, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719787/in-vivo-performance-of-a-novel-anatomically-shaped-total-meniscal-prosthesis-made-of-polycarbonate-urethane-a-12-month-evaluation-in-goats
#7
Anne C T Vrancken, Gerjon Hannink, Wojciech Madej, Nico Verdonschot, Tony G van Tienen, Pieter Buma
BACKGROUND: Injury or loss of the meniscus generally leads to degenerative osteoarthritic changes in the knee joint. However, the treatment options for symptomatic patients with total meniscectomy are limited. Therefore, we developed a novel, anatomically shaped, total meniscal implant made of polycarbonate urethane. PURPOSE: To evaluate the in vivo performance of this novel total meniscal implant. The assessment particularly focused on the implant's response to long-term physiological loading in a goat model and its chondroprotective capacity in comparison to clinically relevant controls...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717801/mimicking-arterial-thrombosis-in-a-3d-printed-microfluidic-in-vitro-vascular-model-based-on-computed-tomography-angiography-data
#8
Pedro F Costa, Hugo J Albers, John E A Linssen, Heleen H T Middelkamp, Linda van der Hout, Robert Passier, Albert van den Berg, Jos Malda, Andries D van der Meer
Arterial thrombosis is the main instigating factor of heart attacks and strokes, which result in over 14 million deaths worldwide every year. The mechanism of thrombosis involves factors from the blood and the vessel wall, and it also relies strongly on 3D vessel geometry and local blood flow patterns. Microfluidic chip-based vascular models allow controlled in vitro studies of the interaction between vessel wall and blood in thrombosis, but until now, they could not fully recapitulate the 3D geometry and blood flow patterns of real-life healthy or diseased arteries...
July 18, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717422/exosomes-purified-from-a-single-cell-type-have-diverse-morphology
#9
Davide Zabeo, Aleksander Cvjetkovic, Cecilia Lässer, Martin Schorb, Jan Lötvall, Johanna L Höög
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are produced by all known organisms and are important for cell communication and physiology. Great morphological diversity has been described regarding EVs found in body fluids such as blood plasma, breast milk, and ejaculate. However, a detailed morphological analysis has never been performed on exosomes when purified from a single cell type. In this study we analysed and quantified, via multiple electron microscopy techniques, the morphology of exosomes purified from the human mast cell line HMC-1...
2017: Journal of Extracellular Vesicles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717367/cells-of-human-breast-milk
#10
REVIEW
Malgorzata Witkowska-Zimny, Ewa Kaminska-El-Hassan
Human milk is a complex fluid that has developed to satisfy the nutritional requirements of infants. In addition to proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and other biologically active components, breast milk contains a diverse microbiome that is presumed to colonize the infant gastrointestinal tract and a heterogeneous population of cells with unclear physiological roles and health implications. Noteworthy cellular components of breast milk include progenitor/stem cells. This review summarizes the current state of knowledge of breast milk cells, including leukocytes, epithelial cells, stem cells and potentially probiotic bacteria...
2017: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717161/development-and-characterization-of-a-novel-prox1-egfp-lymphatic-and-schlemm-s-canal-reporter-rat
#11
Eunson Jung, Daniel Gardner, Dongwon Choi, Eunkyung Park, Young Jin Seong, Sara Yang, Jorge Castorena-Gonzalez, Antoine Louveau, Zhao Zhou, Gene K Lee, David P Perrault, Sunju Lee, Maxwell Johnson, George Daghlian, Maria Lee, Yeo Jin Hong, Yukinari Kato, Jonathan Kipnis, Michael J Davis, Alex K Wong, Young-Kwon Hong
The lymphatic system plays a key role in tissue fluid homeostasis, immune cell trafficking, and fat absorption. We previously reported a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC)-based lymphatic reporter mouse, where EGFP is expressed under the regulation of the Prox1 promoter. This reporter line has been widely used to conveniently visualize lymphatic vessels and other Prox1-expressing tissues such as Schlemm's canal. However, mice have a number of experimental limitations due to small body size. By comparison, laboratory rats are larger in size and more closely model the metabolic, physiological, and surgical aspects of humans...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714397/prognostic-value-of-copeptin-in-chronic-kidney-disease-from-general-population-to-end-stage-renal-disease
#12
Edyta Golembiewska, Anna Machowska, Peter Stenvinkel, Bengt Lindholm
Arginine vasopressin (AVP), also known as antidiuretic hormone (ADH), is released in response to osmotic and non-osmotic stimuli and plays a key role in many physiologic and pathologic processes. The main function of AVP is the control of fluid homeostasis by inducing water conservation by the kidney, but it also stimulates arteriolar vasoconstriction and the release of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). These actions are mediated by different AVP receptors located on various target cells. Produced in hypothalamus from a larger precursor, pre-proAVP, AVP is produced in equimolar amounts to copeptin, a glycopeptide with yet unknown biologic function...
July 14, 2017: Current Protein & Peptide Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714258/renal-neuroendocrine-control-of-desiccation-and-cold-tolerance-by-drosophila-suzukii
#13
Selim Terhzaz, Lucy Alford, Joseph G C Yeoh, Richard Marley, Anthony J Dornan, Julian A T Dow, Shireen A Davies
BACKGROUND: Neuropeptides are central to the regulation of physiological, and behavioural processes in insects, directly impacting cold and desiccation survival. However, little is known about the control mechanisms governing these responses in D. suzukii. The close phylogenetic relationship of D. suzukii with D. melanogaster allows, through genomic and functional studies, an insight into the mechanisms directing stress tolerance in D. suzukii. RESULTS: Capa, Leucokinin, DH44 and DH31 neuropeptides demonstrate a high level of conservation between D...
July 17, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713503/drinking-water-in-traditional-persian-medicine-do-s-and-don-ts
#14
Majid Nimrouzi, Babak Daneshfard
Water is the main component of our body and its balance is vital for maintaining normal physiology. Accordingly, adequate fluid intake in the daily diet is very important for a healthy life. Nevertheless, there is a controversy about what the suitable amount of water that we need to drink is. In this paper, we aimed to discuss this important issue based on the doctrine of traditional Persian medicine (TPM) and our clinical experience in a practical manner.
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713245/multifaceted-roles-of-metzincins-in-cns-physiology-and-pathology-from-synaptic-plasticity-and-cognition-to-neurodegenerative-disorders
#15
REVIEW
Patrycja Brzdak, Daria Nowak, Grzegorz Wiera, Jerzy W Mozrzymas
The extracellular matrix (ECM) and membrane proteolysis play a key role in structural and functional synaptic plasticity associated with development and learning. A growing body of evidence underscores the multifaceted role of members of the metzincin superfamily, including metalloproteinases (MMPs), A Disintegrin and Metalloproteinases (ADAMs), A Disintegrin and Metalloproteinase with Thrombospondin Motifs (ADAMTSs) and astacins in physiological and pathological processes in the central nervous system (CNS)...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713203/solvatochromic-fluorescent-probes-for-recognition-of-human-serum-albumin-in-aqueous-solution-insights-into-structure-property-relationship
#16
Bin Liu, Xiaoman Bi, Lucas McDonald, Yi Pang, Danqing Liu, Chengjun Pan, Lei Wang
Human serum albumin (HSA) as the most abundant protein in human blood plasma, serves many physiological functions. The dysregulation of HSA in serum or in urine is associated with various diseases, such as cirrhosis of liver, multiple myeloma, and cardiovascular disease. Therefore, to quantify HSA in body fluids with high selectivity and sensitivity is of great significance for disease diagnosis and preventive medicine. We herein developed a series of amide-functionalized flavonoids probes, 1-3, for recognition of human serum albumin...
November 29, 2016: Sensors and Actuators. B, Chemical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712573/ve-cadherin-phosphorylation-regulates-endothelial-fluid-shear-stress-responses-through-the-polarity-protein-lgn
#17
Daniel E Conway, Brian G Coon, Madhusuthan Budatha, Paul T Arsenovic, Fabrizio Orsenigo, Florian Wessel, Jiasheng Zhang, Zhenwu Zhuang, Elisabetta Dejana, Dietmar Vestweber, Martin A Schwartz
Fluid shear stress due to blood flow on the vascular endothelium regulates blood vessel development, remodeling, physiology, and pathology [1, 2]. A complex consisting of PECAM-1, VE-cadherin, and vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFRs) that resides at endothelial cell-cell junctions transduces signals important for flow-dependent vasodilation, blood vessel remodeling, and atherosclerosis. PECAM-1 transduces forces to activate src family kinases (SFKs), which phosphorylate and transactivate VEGFRs [3-5]...
July 10, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711029/an-oxygen-independent-and-membrane-less-glucose-biobattery-supercapacitor-hybrid-device
#18
Xinxin Xiao, Peter Ó Conghaile, Dónal Leech, Roland Ludwig, Edmond Magner
Enzymatic biofuel cells can generate electricity directly from the chemical energy of biofuels in physiological fluids, but their power density is significantly limited by the performance of the cathode which is based on oxygen reduction for in vivo applications. An oxygen-independent and membrane-less glucose biobattery was prepared that consists of a dealloyed nanoporous gold (NPG) supported glucose dehydrogenase (GDH) bioanode, immobilised with the assistance of conductive polymer/Os redox polymer composites, and a solid-state NPG/MnO2 cathode...
July 11, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709498/targeting-fyn-kinase-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#19
REVIEW
Haakon B Nygaard
The past decade has brought tremendous progress in unraveling the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). While increasingly sophisticated immunotherapy targeting soluble and aggregated brain amyloid-beta (Aβ) continues to dominate clinical research in AD, a deeper understanding of Aβ physiology has led to the recognition of distinct neuronal signaling pathways linking Aβ to synaptotoxicity and neurodegeneration and to new targets for therapeutic intervention. Identifying specific signaling pathways involving Aβ has allowed for the development of more precise therapeutic interventions targeting the most relevant molecular mechanisms leading to AD...
June 13, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709476/erratum-to-perioperative-fluid-therapy-recommendations-for-major-abdominal-surgery-via-rica-recommendations-revisited-part-i-physiological-background-rev-esp-anestesiol-reanim-2017-64-6-328-338
#20
J Ripollés-Melchor, D Chappell, Á Espinosa, M G Mythen, A Abad-Gurumeta, S D Bergese, R Casans-Francés, J M Calvo-Vecino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
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