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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812808/history-structure-and-agency-in-global-health-governance-comment-on-global-health-governance-challenges-2016-are-we-ready
#1
Stephen Gill, Solomon R Benatar
Ilona Kickbusch's thought provoking editorial is criticized in this commentary, partly because she fails to refer to previous critical work on the global conditions and policies that sustain inequality, poverty, poor health and damage to the biosphere and, as a result, she misreads global power and elides consideration of the fundamental historical structures of political and material power that shape agency in global health governance. We also doubt that global health can be improved through structures and processes of multilateralism that are premised on the continued reproduction of the ecologically myopic and socially unsustainable market civilization model of capitalist development that currently prevails in the world economy...
August 29, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812804/barriers-to-the-implementation-of-the-health-and-rehabilitation-articles-of-the-united-nations-convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-in-south-africa
#2
Meghan Hussey, Malcolm MacLachlan, Gubela Mji
BACKGROUND: The United Nations (UN) Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) is a milestone in the recognition of the human rights of persons with disabilities, including the right to health and rehabilitation. South Africa has signed and ratified the CRPD but still has a long way to go in reforming policies and systems in order to be in compliance with the convention. This paper seeks to fill a gap in the literature by exploring what the barriers to the implementation of the health and rehabilitation articles of the CRPD are, as identified by representatives of the disability community...
August 28, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812485/the-sharp-descent-into-poverty
#3
Erin Dean
When breast cancer treatment stopped mental health nurse Kath Clayson from working for six months, she quickly found herself sliding into debt.
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811835/mental-health-care-providers-perceptions-of-the-barriers-to-suicide-prevention-amongst-people-with-substance-use-disorders-in-south-africa-a-qualitative-study
#4
Daniel Goldstone, Jason Bantjes
BACKGROUND: Substance use is a well-established, and potentially modifiable, risk factor for suicide. Suicide prevention interventions are typically framed within the biomedical paradigm and focus on addressing individual risk factors, improving access to psychiatric care, and improving the skills of medical personnel to recognise at-risk individuals. Few studies have focused on contextual factors that hinder suicide prevention in people with substance use disorders, particularly in low-resource settings...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810486/effects-of-multidimensional-child-poverty-on-children-s-mental-health-in-mainland-china
#5
Chunkai Li, Xican Yin, Shan Jiang
This study aimed to investigate the effects of multidimensional child poverty on children's mental health in Mainland China. The data were based on a survey of children in 2015 conducted by multi-stage cluster random sampling method in Xiushui, where levels of poverty are very high. Structural equation model was adopted to analyze the data and test the hypothesized model. Results showed that multidimensional child poverty had a significant effect on both negative mental health and positive mental health of children, and the seven indicators of multidimensional child poverty all had slightly different effects on children's mental health...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808658/trends-and-inequalities-in-use-of-maternal-health-care-services-in-nepal-strategy-in-the-search-for-improvements
#6
Suresh Mehata, Yuba Raj Paudel, Maureen Dariang, Krishna Kumar Aryal, Bibek Kumar Lal, Mukti Nath Khanal, Deborah Thomas
BACKGROUND: Nepal has made significant progress against the Millennium Development Goals for maternal and child health over the past two decades. However, disparities in use of maternal health services persist along geographic, economic, and sociocultural lines. METHODS: Trends and inequalities in the use of maternal health services in Nepal between 1994 and 2011 were examined using four Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys (NDHS), nationally representative cross-sectional surveys conducted by interviewing women who gave birth 3-5 years prior to the survey...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808567/community-based-saving-groups-an-innovative-approach-to-overcome-the-financial-and-social-barriers-in-health-care-seeking-by-the-women-in-the-rural-remote-communities-of-pakistan
#7
Babar Tasneem Shaikh, Qayyum Noorani, Shazia Abbas
BACKGROUND: In remote rural areas of Pakistan, access to the maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) care provided by a skilled health provider is quite difficult. There are many reasons such as women's restricted social mobility, lack of education, disenfranchised in decision making and poverty. To overcome these barriers and impediments in district Chitral, which is the largest territory in terms of geography in province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, local women of reproductive age, were mobilized to form the Community Based Saving Groups (CBSGs) at the village level...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807641/a-novel-partnership-disrupts-the-norm-in-early-childhood-education-and-pediatric-health-care
#8
EDITORIAL
M Denise Dowd, John D Lantos
Children living in poverty in the United States in 2016 face a devastating combination of psychological problems. Their neighborhoods are often violent. They have no place to get healthy food. It is not safe to play outside, even on playgrounds. The children who grow up in this environment, not surprisingly, have many adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). ACEs cause toxic stress. Toxic stress leads to long-term physical and psychological problems. For many pediatricians, children's hospitals, civic leaders, and public health officials, it is difficult to know how to intervene...
August 11, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807640/rogue-nuns-grow-services-to-combat-growing-problems
#9
Loring Leifer
This paper tells the story of how an experiment in caring for the children of poor, working mothers became a multimillion-dollar early learning center. It follows the evolution of two nuns who began providing day care in a church and came to realize that children living in poverty need a much greater range of services. It covers how the sisters broke with the Catholic Church and engaged alternative and unorthodox sources to help the operation survive and to extend its reach. It documents how far the sisters went to keep the doors open and how they sustained success...
August 11, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807172/mortality-and-socioeconomic-status-the-vicious-cycle-between-poverty-and-ill-health
#10
Victoria Pillay-van Wyk, Debbie Bradshaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806966/an-exploratory-study-assessing-psychological-distress-of-indigents-in-burkina-faso-a-step-forward-in-understanding-mental-health-needs-in-west-africa
#11
Émilie Pigeon-Gagné, Ghayga Hassan, Maurice Yaogo, Valéry Ridde
BACKGROUND: Poverty is known as an important determinant of health, but empirical data are still missing on the relationships between poverty, other adverse living conditions, and psychological distress, particularly in low-income countries. This study aimed to assess mental health needs and psychological distress among the poorest in rural settings in Burkina Faso where food security and access to water, electricity, schooling, and healthcare are limited. METHODS: We randomly selected 2000 individuals previously identified as indigents by a community-targeting process...
August 14, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806964/intervention-now-to-eliminate-repeat-unintended-pregnancy-in-teenagers-interupt-a-systematic-review-of-intervention-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-and-qualitative-and-realist-synthesis-of-implementation-factors-and-user-engagement
#12
Rabeea'h W Aslam, Maggie Hendry, Andrew Booth, Ben Carter, Joanna M Charles, Noel Craine, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, Jane Noyes, Lupetu Ives Ntambwe, Diana Pasterfield, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Nefyn Williams, Rhiannon Whitaker
BACKGROUND: Unintended repeat conceptions can result in emotional, psychological and educational harm to young women, often with enduring implications for their life chances. This study aimed to identify which young women are at the greatest risk of repeat unintended pregnancies; which interventions are effective and cost-effective; and what are the barriers to and facilitators for the uptake of these interventions. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-methods systematic review which included meta-analysis, framework synthesis and application of realist principles, with stakeholder input and service user feedback to address this...
August 15, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806109/reflections-on-leadership-and-governance-from-the-incident-manager-of-liberia-s-ebola-response
#13
Tolbert Nyenswah
The 2014-2016 epidemic of Ebola virus disease occurred in a region with a recent history of civil war, unstable health systems, and widespread poverty. Despite these contextual challenges, the national Ebola response in Liberia controlled transmission under strong leadership that was able to rapidly coordinate activities, to manage local and international players, and to adapt upon recognizing missteps. Such leadership has persisted to improve public health capacity in post-Ebola Liberia. This article highlights the progress made toward developing a resilient health security system with capacity to prevent, detect, and respond to disease threats before they reach epidemic level...
August 14, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803826/hospital-leadership-recognizes-need-to-create-partnerships-to-treat-consequences-of-poverty
#14
Karen Cox, David H Westbrook
In this paper, two senior administrative leaders at a tertiary care children's hospital explain why they decided to partner with a community organization in order to better fulfill the hospital mission.
August 10, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803223/social-responsibilities-of-a-physician-reflections-of-major-general-s-l-bhatia-1891-1981
#15
Radhika Hegde, Mario Vaz
This paper examines various documents written by Major General SL Bhatia CIE, MC, IMS from the 1920s to the1960s on the "Social Responsibilities of a Physician". His reflections are of historical significance, since they provide us with an insight into the challenges confronting the people who attempted to rebuild a nation plagued by poverty resulting from fractured agricultural growth, a feudalistic social structure and the regional inequalities that accompany it, and prolonged imperial rule, among other things...
July 25, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802826/human-leptospirosis-cases-in-palermo-italy-the-role-of-rodents-and-climate
#16
Maria Vitale, Stefano Agnello, Michele Chetta, Benedetta Amato, Giustina Vitale, Calogero Di Bella, Domenico Vicari, Vincenzo Di Marco Lo Presti
Many regions of the world are increasingly exposed to leptospirosis due to poverty, global warming and high urban density. Here, we report a molecular survey for pathogenic Leptospira spp. in rodents and two symptomatic human cases of leptospirosis in the city of Palermo, Italy. Four rodent species were captured in six areas of the city, and a molecular analysis for pathogenic Leptospira spp. on DNA from the kidney samples showed a different prevalence of leptospirosis in all the species of rodents. In addition, two human cases that occurred in May and October of 2009 in the city were also reported...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802085/recovery-and-mood-disorders
#17
EDITORIAL
Marie Crowe
The discourse of recovery has been co-opted by and pervades many standards of mental health service delivery. I want to consider what this means for mood disorders in a clinical context in which the medical model is the primary approach to treatment. The core concept in recovery discourse is concerned with living well in the presence or absence of mental illness and the many losses that may come in its wake, such as isolation, poverty, unemployment, and discrimination (Mental Health Commission 2012). This article is protected by copyright...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800643/social-disadvantage-and-the-black-white-disparity-in-spontaneous-preterm-delivery-among-california-births
#18
Suzan L Carmichael, Peiyi Kan, Amy M Padula, David H Rehkopf, John W Oehlert, Jonathan A Mayo, Ann M Weber, Paul H Wise, Gary M Shaw, David K Stevenson
We examined the contribution of social disadvantage to the black-white disparity in preterm birth. Analyses included linked vital and hospital discharge records from 127,358 black and 615,721 white singleton California births from 2007-11. Odds ratios (OR) were estimated by 4 logistic regression models for 2 outcomes: early (<32 wks) and moderate (32-36 wks) spontaneous preterm birth (ePTB, mPTB), stratified by 2 race-ethnicity groups (blacks and whites). We then conducted a potential impact analysis. The OR for less than high school education (vs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797132/-possibilities-for-universities-to-influence-global-pricing-of-medicines
#19
Philipp Jaehn, Johannes Inhoffen, Jana Scheer, Felix Streicher, Anna Gesine Huhn, Christopher Lance
People in countries of the global south are affected by a unique spectrum of diseases, while costs for health care are a huge burden in the context of poverty. Furthermore, non-communicable diseases increasingly play a role in these countries. The management of translational research, potential clinical applications and marketing of new drugs in Germany is thus getting more and more important for global health. Regarding this, universities have a particular responsibility for two reasons. First, through basic research, they contribute significantly to the development of new medicines...
July 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796794/factors-associated-with-stunting-in-healthy-children-aged-5-years-and-less-living-in-bangui-rca
#20
Pascale Vonaesch, Laura Tondeur, Sébastien Breurec, Petula Bata, Liem Binh Luong Nguyen, Thierry Frank, Alain Farra, Clotaire Rafaï, Tamara Giles-Vernick, Jean Chrysostome Gody, Ionela Gouandjika-Vasilache, Philippe Sansonetti, Muriel Vray
Stunting remains a major public health concern worldwide. Although its global prevalence is slowly decreasing, the actual number of affected children is still rising in Sub-Saharan Africa. In the Central African Republic (CAR), about one third of all children below the age of five are stunted. Stunting is correlated with many long-term consequences, including poor cognitive development and a higher rate of morbidity and mortality, making stunting a major contributor to poverty. In CAR, little is known about the factors that contribute to stunting...
2017: PloS One
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