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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785958/association-between-hypertensive-disorders-in-pregnancy-and-particulate-matter-in-the-contiguous-united-states-1999-2004
#1
Tao Xue, Tong Zhu, Weiwei Lin, Evelyn O Talbott
Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy harm both maternal and infant health and have been linked to ambient particulate matter. However, existing studies are restricted to a local scale and remain inconsistent. A large-scale study is required to enrich the epidemiological evidence and explore the potential sources of the inconsistency. Making use of US birth certificates (1999-2004), and monitoring data from the environmental protection agency air quality networks, we associated hypertensive disorders in pregnancy with maternal exposure to fine particles or coarse particles using logistic regression analysis after adjusting for many covariates among >5 million subjects in the contiguous United States...
May 21, 2018: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784550/school-environmental-conditions-and-links-to-academic-performance-and-absenteeism-in-urban-mid-atlantic-public-schools
#2
J D Berman, M C McCormack, K A Koehler, F Connolly, D Clemons-Erby, M F Davis, C Gummerson, P J Leaf, T D Jones, F C Curriero
School facility conditions, environment, and perceptions of safety and learning have been investigated for their impact on child development. However, it is important to consider how the environment separately influences academic performance and attendance after controlling for school and community factors. Using results from the Maryland School Assessment, we considered outcomes of school-level proficiency in reading and math plus attendance and chronic absences, defined as missing 20 or more days, for grades 3-5 and 6-8 at 158 urban schools...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784225/nursing-diagnoses-of-the-homeless-population-in-light-of-self-care-theory
#3
Felicialle Pereira da Silva, Francisco de Assis Siqueira Paiva, Carolina Pereira Guedes, Iracema da Silva Frazão, Selene Cordeiro Vasconcelos, Murilo Duarte da Costa Lima
BACKGROUND: A growing number of people find themselves in conditions of extreme poverty, which often makes living on the streets the only option. Living conditions in this setting exert a direct impact on health and self-care. Health care for the homeless population should be planned in an interdisciplinary and intersectoral manner. In this context, nursing diagnoses constitute an essential part of the systemization of care. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the present study were to identify nursing diagnoses of a homeless population and propose nursing interventions based on the findings in light of the Nursing Outcomes Classification and Nursing Interventions Classification...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783977/effective-coverage-of-essential-inpatient-care-for-small-and-sick-newborns-in-a-high-mortality-urban-setting-a-cross-sectional-study-in-nairobi-city-county-kenya
#4
Georgina A V Murphy, David Gathara, Jacintah Mwachiro, Nancy Abuya, Jalemba Aluvaala, Mike English
BACKGROUND: Effective coverage requires that those in need can access skilled care supported by adequate resources. There are, however, few studies of effective coverage of facility-based neonatal care in low-income settings, despite the recognition that improving newborn survival is a global priority. METHODS: We used a detailed retrospective review of medical records for neonatal admissions to public, private not-for-profit (mission) and private-for-profit (private) sector facilities providing 24×7 inpatient neonatal care in Nairobi City County to estimate the proportion of small and sick newborns receiving nationally recommended care across six process domains...
May 22, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782297/treatment-of-scabies-and-pediculosis-in-health-education-publications-and-folk-medicine-of-eastern-croatia-slavonija-baranja-and-western-srijem-county
#5
Ivanka Muršić, Igor Kuric, Marija Raguž, Tatjana Kovačević, Dora Muršić
Scabies and pediculosis are common parasitic infestations of the skin and hair, manifesting with intense pruritus and effectively treated with modern medications. Because of the attached social stigma linking it with poverty and poor hygiene, patients will often attempt alternative folk-based remedies before confiding in their physicians. We conducted a comprehensive bibliographical study of historic folk literature and interviewed 70 individuals experienced in everyday application of folk medicine in order to categorize available remedies and provide a modern, scientific comment on their effectiveness and dangers...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781579/poverty-neighborhoods-persistent-stress-and-sle-outcomes-a-qualitative-study-of-the-patients-perspective
#6
Edward Yelin, Laura Trupin, Jared Bunde, Jinoos Yazdany
OBJECTIVE: To obtain the perspective of individuals with SLE about the role of poverty, neighborhood, and chronic stress in SLE outcomes. METHODS: 723 persons with SLE were followed from 2003-2015 through annual structured interviews as part of the Lupus Outcomes Study to establish the effect of combinations of poverty, persistent poverty, living in an area of concentrated poverty, access to health care, and chronic stress on accumulated damage. We sampled 28 from the 723 on the basis of household income, geography, and outcomes in their last interview, and administered qualitative interviews to explore their perspectives on these factors on outcomes...
May 21, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780766/racial-ethnic-differences-in-health-insurance-adequacy-and-consistency-among-children-evidence-from-the-2011-12-national-survey-of-children-s-health
#7
Tulay G Soylu, Eman Elashkar, Fatemah Aloudah, Munir Ahmed, Panagiota Kitsantas
Background: Surveillance of disparities in healthcare insurance, services and quality of care among children are critical for properly serving the medical/healthcare needs of underserved populations. The purpose of this study was to assess racial/ethnic differences in children's (0 to 17 years old) health insurance adequacy and consistency (child has insurance coverage for the last 12 months). Design and methods: We used data from the 2011/2012 National Survey of Children's Health (n=79,474)...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780285/collaborative-youth-mental-health-service-users-immigration-poverty-and-family-environment
#8
Lucie Nadeau, Vanessa Lecompte, Janique Johnson-Lafleur, Annie Pontbriand, Cécile Rousseau
Background: This article examines the association between immigration, poverty and family environment, and the emotional and behavioral problems reported by youth and their family receiving mental health (MH) services within a collaborative care model in a multiethnic neighborhood. Method: Participants in this study were 140 parent-child dyads that are part of an ongoing longitudinal project looking at the association between individual, familial, social and organizational factors, and outcomes of youth receiving MH services in local health and social service organizations in the Montreal area...
May 2018: Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780018/overview-of-zoonotic-diseases-in-turkey-the-one-health-concept-and-future-threats
#9
Abdullah İnci, Mehmet Doğanay, Aykut Özdarendeli, Önder Düzlü, Alparslan Yıldırım
Zoonotic infections are globally important diseases and lead to huge economic losses in both low- and middle-income and high-income countries. Global warming, environmental and ecological changes, illegal movement of animals and humans, regional civil wars, and poverty are predisposing factors for the emergence of zoonotic infections and their distribution worldwide; they are also a big threat for the future. In addition, environmental pollution and antimicrobial resistance are immense serious threats and dangers to prevent and control zoonotic infections...
March 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776786/increases-in-sugary-drink-marketing-during-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-benefit-issuance-in-new-york
#10
Alyssa J Moran, Aviva Musicus, Mary T Gorski Findling, Ian F Brissette, Ann A Lowenfels, S V Subramanian, Christina A Roberto
INTRODUCTION: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is the largest federal food assistance program, providing $67 billion in benefits to 44 million Americans. Some states distribute SNAP benefits over one or a few days each month, which may create an incentive for retailers to heavily promote top-selling products, like sugar-sweetened beverages, when benefits are disbursed. METHODS: A beverage environment scan assessing presence of displays, advertisements, and price promotions for sugar-sweetened, low-calorie, and unsweetened beverages was administered in a census of SNAP-authorized beverage retailers (n=630) in three cities in New York from November to September 2011...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776345/risk-behavior-in-patients-with-severe-mental-disorders-a-prospective-study-of-121-830-patients-managed-in-rural-households-of-western-china
#11
Yuanyuan Liu, Xiang Liu, Hong Wen, Dan Wang, Xianmei Yang, Weiwei Tang, Yaxi Li, Tao Zhang, Min Yang
BACKGROUND: The management of severe mental disorder (SMD) patients in communities is an important initiative of healthcare reform in China. Yet the effects in terms of risk behavior of patients are unclear, particularly in rural areas. This study aims to examine high risk behaviors, changing trends, and possible associated factors among SMD patients in the rural areas of western China. METHODS: This analysis examined incidence rate (IR) of high risk behavior of 121,830 managed SMD patients in rural area of Sichuan province, based on data from the national system from 2006 to 2013...
May 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775467/interactions-among-poverty-gender-and-health-systems-affect-women-s-participation-in-services-to-prevent-hiv-transmission-from-mother-to-child-a-causal-loop-analysis
#12
Jennifer Yourkavitch, Kristen Hassmiller Lich, Valerie L Flax, Elialilia S Okello, John Kadzandira, Anne Ruhweza Katahoire, Alister C Munthali, James C Thomas
Retention in care remains an important issue for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programs according to WHO guidelines, formerly called the "Option B+" approach. The objective of this study was to examine how poverty, gender, and health system factors interact to influence women's participation in PMTCT services. We used qualitative research, literature, and hypothesized variable connections to diagram causes and effects in causal loop models. We found that many factors, including antiretroviral therapy (ART) use, service design and quality, stigma, disclosure, spouse/partner influence, decision-making autonomy, and knowledge about PMTCT, influence psychosocial health, which in turn affects women's participation in PMTCT services...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773334/plague-bridging-gaps-towards-better-disease-control
#13
REVIEW
E D'Ortenzio, N Lemaître, C Brouat, P Loubet, F Sebbane, M Rajerison, L Baril, Y Yazdanpanah
After centuries of epidemics and more than a hundred years since the identification of the causative bacterium, very little is known about the plague dynamics in animal reservoirs, vectors and the changing vulnerabilities for humans. The recent plague epidemic in Madagascar in 2017 highlights these gaps existing within the knowledge of the disease dynamics, the factors influencing it, the performance of diagnostic tests and the best recommended treatment. As the eradication of plague will not be possible due to the widespread existence of the bacterium in wildlife, a One Health approach, drawing on animal, human and environmental health disciplines is needed to better control this poverty-related disease...
May 14, 2018: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772881/geographic-access-to-radiation-therapy-facilities-and-disparities-of-early-stage-breast-cancer-treatment
#14
Yan Lin, Michael C Wimberly, Patricia Da Rosa, Joseph Hoover, William F Athas
Few studies of breast cancer treatment have focused on the Northern Plains of the United States, an area with a high mastectomy rate. This study examined the association between geographic access to radiation therapy facilities and receipt of breast cancer treatments among early-stage breast cancer patients in South Dakota. Based on 4,209 early-stage breast cancer patients diagnosed between 2001 and 2012 in South Dakota, the study measured geographic proximity to radiation therapy facilities using the shortest travel time for patients to the closest radiation therapy facility...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771940/unplanned-pregnancies-and-contraceptive-use-among-hiv-positive-women-in-care
#15
Madeline Y Sutton, Wen Zhou, Emma L Frazier
Among 230,360 women with diagnosed HIV in the United States (U.S.), ~ 8,500 give birth annually, and unplanned pregnancies (as with HIV-negative women) are prevalent. However, unplanned pregnancies and contraceptive use among HIV-positive women have been understudied. To examine unplanned pregnancies and contraceptive use among HIV-positive women, we used 2013-2014 data from the Medical Monitoring Project (MMP), an HIV surveillance system that produces national estimates for HIV-positive adults in care in the U...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771760/cutaneous-manifestations-of-nutritional-deficiency
#16
Ramrada Lekwuttikarn, Joyce M C Teng
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Childhood malnutrition is a major global health issue. It is often thought of as a developing world problem and therefore, underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed in developed countries. The delay in diagnosis and treatment can lead to increased morbidity and mortality. Cutaneous manifestations are often the initial presenting signs of nutritional deficiency. Early recognition is essential in timely initiation of the necessary interventions. This article will review pertinent cutaneous findings and systemic manifestations associated with common nutritional deficiencies...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770998/maternal-depressive-symptoms-are-negatively-associated-with-child-growth-and-development-evidence-from-rural-india
#17
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Jed Friedman, Mohini Kak, Purnima Menon, Harold Alderman
Maternal depression has been suggested as a risk factor for both poor child growth and development in many low- and middle-income countries, but the validity of many studies is hindered by small sample sizes, varying cut-offs used in depression diagnostics, and incomplete control of confounding factors. This study examines the association between maternal depressive symptoms (MDSs) and child physical growth and cognitive development in Madhya Pradesh, India, where poverty, malnutrition, and poor mental health coexist...
May 17, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770673/-global-burden-and-challenges-of-parasitic-diseases-in-africa
#18
Li Yi-Ting, Ren Guang-Hui, Liang You-Sheng, Yang Kun, Sun Le-Ping, Li Shi-Zhu, Lü Shan, Jia Tie-Wu
Parasitic diseases are common infectious diseases closely related to poverty, which are mainly endemic in the tropical and subtropical regions. Africa is the major epidemic area of parasitic diseases, and the global burden of malaria and schistosomiasis is over 85% in Africa. This paper reviews the disease burden, regional distribution and control strategies of the main parasitic diseases in Africa, in order to promote the prevention and control of parasitic diseases in this area.
April 17, 2018: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770438/health-insurance-and-poverty-in-trajectories-of-out-of-pocket-expenditure-among-low-income-middle-aged-adults
#19
Eunsun Kwon, Sojung Park, Timothy D McBride
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of longitudinal patterns of health insurance and poverty on out-of-pocket expenditures among low-income late middle-aged adults. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Six waves (2002-2012) of the Health and Retirement Study, in combination with RAND Center for the Study of Aging data, were used. STUDY DESIGN: A random coefficient regression analysis was conducted in a multilevel growth curve framework to estimate the impact of health insurance and poverty on out-of-pocket expenditures...
May 16, 2018: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769423/prevalence-of-anemia-in-relation-to-socio-economic-factors-in-elderly-polish-population-the-results-of-polsenior-study
#20
A Styszynski, M Mossakowska, J Chudek, M Puzianowska-Kuznicka, A Klich-Raczka, A Neumann-Podczaska, A Szybalska, K Wieczorowska-Tobis
Anemia is an independent risk factor for functional decline and mortality among older adults. Since mild anemia in older people is often under-diagnosed and ignored, its prevalence needs precise determination and recognition of predisposing factors. None of the previous studies based on the data obtained from the representative elderly population identified the influence of socio-economic factors on the prevalence of anemia. PolSenior was a cross-sectional population-based study performed on the nationally representative sample of Polish seniors...
February 2018: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
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