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Caiyun Jia, Ci Wei, Ming Hu, Jing Xu, Kun Niu, Chao Zhang, Peiyuan Lv, Ling Li, Yanhong Dong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical significance of antiplatelet aggregation therapy for patients diagnosed with acute cerebral infarction (ACI) complicated with the cerebral microbleeds (CMBs). METHODS: Thirty patients with ACI and 36 patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) were included in this research. Two groups, studied by susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI), were compared in terms of the number, location, and severity of CMBs. Then, 30 cases of ACI patients were divided into CMBs sub-group and non-CMBs sub-group...
March 15, 2018: Journal of X-ray Science and Technology
Sven Haller, Meike W Vernooij, Joost P A Kuijer, Elna-Marie Larsson, Hans Rolf Jäger, Frederik Barkhof
Cerebral microbleeds (CMBs), also referred to as microhemorrhages, appear on magnetic resonance (MR) images as hypointense foci notably at T2*-weighted or susceptibility-weighted (SW) imaging. CMBs are detected with increasing frequency because of the more widespread use of high magnetic field strength and of newer dedicated MR imaging techniques such as three-dimensional gradient-echo T2*-weighted and SW imaging. The imaging appearance of CMBs is mainly because of changes in local magnetic susceptibility and reflects the pathologic iron accumulation, most often in perivascular macrophages, because of vasculopathy...
April 2018: Radiology
Zhaojie Lu, Qingyang Liu, Ying Xiong, Fan Huang, Jiabin Zhou, James J Schauer
The molecular marker-based chemical mass balance (MM-CMB) method performs well in the source apportionment of organic carbon (OC) but has some difficulty with contributions from primary sources to inorganic secondary ions when apportioning PM2.5 (particles with aerodynamic diameter of 2.5 μm or less) sources. Positive matrix factorization (PMF) with the input of inorganic and organic tracers can properly estimate the contributions of primary and secondary sources to inorganic secondary ions; however, PMF is unable to apportion several PM2...
March 10, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Wei-Hua Jiao, Zeinab Khalil, Pradeep Dewapriya, Angela A Salim, Hou-Wen Lin, Robert J Capon
Chemical analysis of a fermentation of the Australian termite nest-derived fungus Trichoderma virens CMB-TN16 yielded five new acyclic nonapeptides, trichodermides A-E (1-5). Amino acid residues, configurations, and sequences were determined by a combination of spectroscopic (NMR and MS-MS) and chemical (C3 Marfey's) methods. The trichodermides adhere to the sequence homology pattern common to Trichoderma 11 amino acid residue peptaibols; however, unlike other peptaibols the trichodermides do not exhibit antibacterial or antifungal activity and exhibit low to no cytotoxicity against mammalian cells...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Natural Products
Hua Zhou, Yan Tang, Zhi Yuan
White matter (WM) asymmetries of the human brain have been well documented using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). The purpose of this study was to investigate white matter asymmetry across the whole brain in cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) patients and evaluate the relation between the factors which often represent disease's existence and white matter asymmetry. A total of 105 nondemented elderly with cerebral SVD patients aged between 60 and 85 years were included in this study. All participants underwent T1 MPRAGE, fluid-attenuated inversion recovery and DTI scanning...
2018: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
Rachita K Sumbria, Mher Mahoney Grigoryan, Vitaly Vasilevko, Annlia Paganini-Hill, Kelley Kilday, Ronald Kim, David H Cribbs, Mark J Fisher
BACKGROUND: Cerebral microhemorrhages (CMH) are commonly found in the aging brain. CMH are also the neuropathological substrate of cerebral microbleeds (CMB), demonstrated on brain MRI. Recent studies demonstrate the importance of systemic inflammation in CMH development, but the relationships among inflammation, aging, and CMH development are not well-defined. In the current study, we hypothesized that the pathogenesis of inflammation-induced CMH in mice differs by age. METHODS: We studied young (3 months, n = 20) and old (18 months, n = 25) C57BL/6 mice injected with low-dose lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 1 mg/kg, i...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Matthew J Skiles, Alexandra M Lai, Michael R Olson, James J Schauer, Benjamin de Foy
Two hundred sixty-three fine particulate matter (PM2.5 ) samples collected on 3-day intervals over a 14-month period at two sites in the San Joaquin Valley (SJV) were analyzed for organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon (EC), water soluble organic carbon (WSOC), and organic molecular markers. A unique source profile library was applied to a chemical mass balance (CMB) source apportionment model to develop monthly and seasonally averaged source apportionment results. Five major OC sources were identified: mobile sources, biomass burning, meat smoke, vegetative detritus, and secondary organic carbon (SOC), as inferred from OC not apportioned by CMB...
March 1, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Samaneh Senobari, Alireza Nezamzadeh-Ejhieh
Coupled CdS-CuO nanoparticles (NPs) subjected in the photocatalytic degradation of Methylene blue (MB) aqueous solution. The calcination temperature and the crystallite phase of CuO had a significant role on the photocatalytic activity of the coupled system and CuO200/2h -CdS catalyst (containing CuO calcined at 200°C for 2h) showed the best photocatalytic activity. The coupled system showed increased activity with respect to the monocomponent semiconductors. The prepared catalysts characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope equipped with energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analyzer, x-ray mapping, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques...
February 15, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
An Manh Cuong, Nguyen Thi Le Na, Pham Nhat Thang, Trinh Ngoc Diep, Ly Bich Thuy, Nguyen Lai Thanh, Nguyen Dinh Thang
BACKGROUND: Currently, it is recognized that water polluted with toxic heavy metal ions may cause serious effects on human health. Therefore, the development of new materials for effective removal of heavy metal ions from water is still a widely important area. Melanin is being considered as a potential material for removal of heavy metal from water. METHODS: In this study, we synthesized two melanin-embedded beads from two different melanin powder sources and named IMB (Isolated Melanin Bead originated from squid ink sac) and CMB (Commercial Melanin Bead originated from sesame seeds)...
February 23, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Aline Mendes, Anne Bertrand, Foudil Lamari, Olivier Colliot, Alexandre Routier, Olivier Godefroy, Frédérique Etcharry-Bouyx, Olivier Moreaud, Florence Pasquier, Philippe Couratier, Karim Bennys, Martine Vercelletto, Olivier Martinaud, Bernard Laurent, Jérémie Pariente, Michèle Puel, Stéphane Epelbaum, Serge Belliard, Takoua Kaaouana, Ludovic Fillon, Marie Chupin, Bruno Dubois, Marc Teichmann
OBJECTIVE: To reveal the prevalence and localization of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) in the 3 main variants of primary progressive aphasia (PPA) (logopenic, semantic, and nonfluent/agrammatic), to identify the relationship with underlying Alzheimer pathology, and to explore whether CMBs contribute to language breakdown. METHODS: We used a cross-sectional design in a multicenter cohort of 82 patients with PPA and 19 similarly aged healthy controls. MRI allowed for rating CMBs (2-dimensional gradient recalled echo T2*, susceptibility weighted imaging sequences) and white matter hyperintensities...
February 14, 2018: Neurology
Pascal Pellen-Mussi, Sylvie Tricot-Doleux, Chrystelle Neaime, Nicolas Nerambourg, Francisco Cabello-Hurtado, Stéphane Cordier, Fabien Grasset, Sylvie Jeanne
CONTEXT: as a kind of non-metal oxide SiO2 NPs have been extensively used in biomedicine, pharmaceuticals and other industrial manufacturing fields, such as DNA delivery, cancer therapy… Our group had developed a method based on microemulsion process to prepare SiO2 NPs incorporating photonic or magnetic nanocrystals and luminescent nanosized inorganic metal atom clusters. However, the toxicity of nanoparticles is known to be closely related to their physico-chemical characteristics and chemical composition...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Sara H M C Monteiro, Eric Keven Silva, Verônica O Alvarenga, Jeremias Moraes, Mônica Q Freitas, Márcia C Silva, Renata S L Raices, Anderson S Sant'Ana, M Angela A Meireles, Adriano G Cruz
This study presents the emerging high-intensity ultrasound (HIUS) processing as a non-thermal alternative to high-temperature short-time pasteurization (HTST). Chocolate milk beverage (CMB) was subjected to different ultrasound energy densities (0.3-3.0 kJ/cm3), as compared to HTST pasteurization (72 °C/15 s) aimed to verify the effect of the HIUS processing on the microbiological and physicochemical characteristics of the beverage. The application of HIUS at an energy density of 3.0 kJ/cm3 was able to reduce 3...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Savanna Wingate, Eveleen Sng, Paul D Loprinzi
Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extent, if any, that the association between socio-ecological parameters and physical activity may be influenced by common method bias (CMB). Methods: This study took place between February and May of 2017 at a Southeastern University in the United States. A randomized controlled experiment was employed among 119 young adults.Participants were randomized into either group 1 (the group we attempted to minimize CMB)or group 2 (control group). In group 1, CMB was minimized via various procedural remedies,such as separating the measurement of predictor and criterion variables by introducing a time lag (temporal; 2 visits several days apart), creating a cover story (psychological), and approximating measures to have data collected in different media (computer-based vs...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Alexandra L Smith, Dmitry M Kolpashchikov
Hybridization probes have been intensively used for nucleic acid analysis in medicine, forensics and fundamental research. Instantaneous hybridization probes (IHPs) enable signalling immediately after binding to a targeted DNA or RNA sequences without the need to isolate the probe-target complex (e. g. by gel electrophoresis). The two most common strategies for IHP design are conformational switches and split approach. A conformational switch changes its conformation and produces signal upon hybridization to a target...
July 3, 2017: ChemistrySelect
Serena Nannucci, Valentina Rinnoci, Giovanni Pracucci, Andrew D MacKinnon, Francesca Pescini, Poneh Adib-Samii, Silvia Bianchi, Maria Teresa Dotti, Antonio Federico, Domenico Inzitari, Hugh S Markus, Leonardo Pantoni
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The frequency, clinical correlates, and risk factors of cerebral microbleeds (CMB) in Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) are still poorly known. We aimed at determining the location and number of CMB and their relationship with clinical manifestations, vascular risk factors, drugs, and other neuroimaging features in CADASIL patients. METHODS: We collected clinical data by means of a structured proforma and centrally evaluated CMB on magnetic resonance gradient echo sequences applying the Microbleed Anatomical Rating Scale in CADASIL patients seen in 2 referral centers in Italy and United Kingdom...
2018: PloS One
B Dober, D T Becker, D A Bennett, S A Bryan, S M Duff, J D Gard, J P Hays-Wehle, G C Hilton, J Hubmayr, J A B Mates, C D Reintsema, L R Vale, J N Ullom
Key performance characteristics are demonstrated for the microwave SQUID multiplexer (µmux) coupled to transition edge sensor (TES) bolometers that have been optimized for cosmic microwave background (CMB) observations. In a 64-channel demonstration, we show that the µmux produces a white, input referred current noise level of [Formula: see text] at -77 dB microwave probe tone power, which is well below expected fundamental detector and photon noise sources for a ground-based CMB-optimized bolometer. Operated with negligible photon loading, we measure [Formula: see text] in the TES-coupled channels biased at 65% of the sensor normal resistance...
December 2017: Applied Physics Letters
(no author information available yet)
[This delete the article DOI: 10.14715/cmb/2017.63.11.16.].
December 31, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Sandrine Bergeron, Yaohua Chen, Florent Auger, Julie Deguil, Nicolas Durieux, Emilie Skrobala, Romain Barus, Camille Potey, Charlotte Cordonnier, Florence Pasquier, Laura Ravasi, Régis Bordet, Sophie Gautier
Cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) could contribute to cognitive impairment in the general population and in patients with dementia. We designed a study to (i) develop a murine model of CMBs, (ii) assess whether CMBs affect cognition in this model and (iii) assess whether this model is sensitive to pharmacological modulation. Male C57Bl6/J mice were stereotactically administered collagenase to induce cortical lesion analysed by MRI at 24 h. CMB-mice were assessed at six weeks post-lesion for cognitive performances (Barnes maze and Touchscreen automated paired-associated learning (PAL) task) and for cerebral metabolism (in vivo PET/CT with fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG))...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Osama G Mohamed, Zeinab G Khalil, Robert J Capon
A rice cultivation of a fish gastrointestinal tract-derived fungus, Trichoderma sp. CMB-F563, yielded natural products incorporating a rare hydrazine moiety, embedded within a Schiff base. Structures inclusive of absolute configurations were assigned to prolinimines A-D (1-4) on the basis of detailed spectroscopic and C3 Marfey's analysis, as well as biosynthetic considerations, biomimetic total synthesis, and chemical transformations. Of note, monomeric 1 proved to be acid labile and, during isolation, underwent quantitative transformation to dimeric 3 and trimeric 4...
January 9, 2018: Organic Letters
Khosro Ashrafi, Reza Fallah, Mostafa Hadei, Marayam Yarahmadi, Abbas Shahsavani
There is a compelling need for apportionment of pollutants' sources to facilitate their reduction through proper management plans. The present study was designed to determine the contribution of each possible source of total suspended particles in Ahvaz's ambient air using positive matrix factorization (PMF), chemical mass balance (CMB), and the SPECIATE database. The sampling program undertaken followed EPA's guidelines and finally resulted in 74 samples. The concentration of 33 elemental and 10 ionic species were measured during a whole year...
January 8, 2018: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
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