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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792507/comparing-self-report-measures-of-grandiose-narcissism-vulnerable-narcissism-and-narcissistic-personality-disorder-in-a-male-offender-sample
#1
Elizabeth A Krusemark, W Keith Campbell, Michael L Crowe, Joshua D Miller
Despite a growing interest in the use of self-report measures of narcissism among student, community, and clinical samples, the research on narcissism in prison samples is sparse, despite elevated rates of narcissism in these samples. The current study examined the relations between commonly used measures of grandiose narcissism (Narcissistic Personality Inventory-13 [NPI-13]), vulnerable narcissism (Hypersensitive Narcissism Scale [HSNS]), and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD; Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire [PDQ]) in a sample of adult male offenders (N = 179)...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792464/debriefs-teams-learning-from-doing-in-context
#2
Joseph A Allen, Roni Reiter-Palmon, John Crowe, Cliff Scott
Debriefs are a type of work meeting in which teams discuss, interpret, and learn from recent events during which they collaborated. In a variety of forms, debriefs are found across a wide range of organizational types and settings. Well-conducted debriefs can improve team effectiveness by 25% across a variety of organizations and settings. For example, the U.S. military adopted debriefs decades ago to promote learning and performance across the various services. Subsequently, debriefs have been introduced in the medical field, the fire service, aviation, education, and in a variety of organizational training and simulation environments...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792355/patient-activation-among-people-living-with-hiv-a-cross-sectional-comparative-analysis-with-people-living-with-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Claire E Kendall, Esther S Shoemaker, Lois Crowe, Paul MacPherson, Marissa L Becker, Eleni Levreault, Lisa M Boucher, Ron Rosenes, Christine Bibeau, Philip Lundrigan, Clare E Liddy
Standardized self-management supports are an integral part of care delivery for many chronic conditions. We used the validated Patient Activation Measure (PAM®) to assess level of engagement for self-management from a sample of 165 people living with HIV (PLWH) and 163 people with diabetes. We conducted multivariable logistic regression to assess associations between demographics and PAM® scores. PLWH had high levels of activation that were no different from those of people with diabetes (mean score = 67...
May 24, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790246/a-review-of-predation-as-a-limiting-factor-for-bird-populations-in-mesopredator-rich-landscapes-a-case-study-of-the-uk
#4
Staffan Roos, Jennifer Smart, David W Gibbons, Jeremy D Wilson
The impact of increasing vertebrate predator numbers on bird populations is widely debated among the general public, game managers and conservationists across Europe. However, there are few systematic reviews of whether predation limits the population sizes of European bird species. Views on the impacts of predation are particularly polarised in the UK, probably because the UK has a globally exceptional culture of intensive, high-yield gamebird management where predator removal is the norm. In addition, most apex predators have been exterminated or much depleted in numbers, contributing to a widely held perception that the UK has high numbers of mesopredators...
May 22, 2018: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782060/autosomal-dominant-early-onset-spastic-paraparesis-with-brain-calcification-due-to-ifih1-gain-of-function
#5
Lyse Ruaud, Gillian I Rice, Christelle Cabrol, Juliette Piard, Mathieu Rodero, Lien van Eyk, Elise Boucher-Brischoux, Alain Maertens de Noordhout, Ricardo Maré, Emmanuel Scalais, Fernand Pauly, François-Guillaume Debray, William Dobyns, Carolina Uggenti, Ji Woo Park, Sun Hur, John H Livingston, Yanick J Crow, Lionel Van Maldergem
We describe progressive spastic paraparesis in two male siblings and the daughter of one of these individuals. Onset of disease occurred within the first decade, with stiffness and gait difficulties. Brisk deep tendon reflexes and extensor plantar responses were present, in the absence of intellectual disability or dermatological manifestations. Cerebral imaging identified intracranial calcification in all symptomatic family members. A marked upregulation of interferon stimulated gene (ISG) transcripts was recorded in all three affected individuals and in two clinically unaffected relatives...
May 21, 2018: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781785/intention-of-older-women-to-consume-100-watermelon-juice-for-vascular-health-an-application-of-theory-of-planned-behavior
#6
Seung Eun Jung, Amy C Ellis, Kristi Crowe-White
To strengthen randomized controlled trials (RCT) evaluating the efficacy of 100% watermelon juice on vascular function of older women, theory-driven behavioral analysis as well as comparative sensory analysis of the intervention and placebo were conducted. The Theory of Planned Behavior was adopted to assess psychosocial determinants of intention to consume watermelon juice. Sensory attributes were assessed utilizing hedonic scales. Analysis included Structural Equation Modeling with maximum likelihood. The measurement model provided a good fit (x2  = 70...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781662/development-and-validation-of-the-narcissistic-vulnerability-scale-an-adjective-rating-scale
#7
Michael L Crowe, Elizabeth A Edershile, Aidan G C Wright, W Keith Campbell, Donald R Lynam, Joshua D Miller
There is an ongoing debate regarding the nature of narcissism such that some argue that narcissistic individuals oscillate between grandiose and vulnerable states, whereas others argue these dimensions are stable traits (e.g., grandiose individuals remain in grandiose states). Scales sensitive to fluctuations in narcissistic states are necessary to address this question. The current study (N = 1,613 across three samples) validates the newly developed Narcissistic Vulnerability Scale (NVS), a brief (11-item) adjective-based measure of vulnerable narcissism...
May 21, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780789/a-fundamentals-train-the-trainer-approach-to-building-pediatric-critical-care-expertise-in-the-developing-world
#8
Sheri S Crow, Beth A Ballinger, Mariela Rivera, David Tsibadze, Nino Gakhokidze, Nino Zavrashvili, Matthew J Ritter, Grace M Arteaga
Pediatric Fundamental Critical Care Support (PFCCS) is an educational tool for training non-intensivists, nurses, and critical care practitioners in diverse health-care settings to deal with the acute deterioration of pediatric patients. Our objective was to evaluate the PFCCS course as a tool for developing a uniform, reproducible, and sustainable model for educating local health-care workers in the optimal management of critically ill children in the Republic of Georgia. Over a period of 18 months and four visits to the country, we worked with Georgian pediatric critical care leadership to complete the following tasks: (1) survey health-care needs within the Republic of Georgia, (2) present representative PFCCS lectures and simulation scenarios to evaluate interest and obtain "buy-in" from key stakeholders throughout the Georgian educational infrastructure, and (3) identify PFCCS instructor candidates...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779001/everyone-is-valuable
#9
Dan Crowe
This case highlights the therapeutic value of valuing our patients as people. It starts with a common challenge we can all face as doctors both in primary and in secondary care. It is the challenge of facing a situation where both patient and doctor are 'stuck' where no progress is being made in patient care. A different approach was made to the situation and both patient and doctor could move on. It highlights an issue that is relevant for 'stuck' patients and all of our patients.
May 18, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778720/inflammatory-response-following-in-vitro-exposure-to-methylmercury-with-and-without-n-3-long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-from-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients-compared-to-healthy-controls
#10
William Crowe, Philip J Allsopp, Jennifer F Nyland, Pamela J Magee, J J Strain, Leanne C Doherty, Gene E Watson, Elisabeth Ball, Claire Riddell, David J Armstrong, Kayla Penta, Joshua J Todd, Toni Spence, Emeir M McSorley
Methylmercury (MeHg) is a proposed environmental stimulus in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Humans are primarily exposed to MeHg through fish consumption. Fish are also important sources of n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA). This in vitro study investigated the inflammatory response of isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), when exposed to either MeHg alone or with added n-3 LCPUFA, from SLE patients (N = 12) compared to healthy sex matched controls (N = 12)...
May 17, 2018: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777965/what-do-we-know-about-sibling-attended-birth-an-integrative-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Nora L Naber, Suzanne Miller, Sally A Baddock
OBJECTIVE: to consolidate existing research in the field of sibling attended birth (SAB) into a body of knowledge to inform decision-making processes and guide midwifery practice throughout the sibling attended birth experience. DESIGN: An integrative literature review. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL Complete, Cochrane Library, PubMed, Index New Zealand, Australia/New Zealand Reference Centre, grey literature databases REVIEW METHODS: An extensive search of five electronic databases as well as 17 grey literature databases was conducted...
May 8, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777898/a-survey-of-health-professionals-views-on-acceptable-gestational-age-and-termination-of-pregnancy-for-fetal-anomaly
#12
Lisa Crowe, Ruth H Graham, Stephen C Robson, Judith Rankin
Termination of pregnancy for fetal anomaly is legal in the UK with no upper limit, if two doctors, in good faith, agree "there is a substantial risk that if the child were born it would suffer from such physical or mental abnormalities as to be seriously handicapped". This is Clause E of the Human Fertlisation and Embryology Act. The most commonly sighted Clause is C, which states "the pregnancy has not exceeded its twenty-fourth week and that the continuance of the pregnancy would involve risk, greater than if the pregnancy were terminated, of injury to the physical or mental health of the pregnant woman"...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772447/one-to-one-specialling-and-sitters-in-acute-care-hospitals-a-scoping-review
#13
REVIEW
Victoria J Wood, Cecilia Vindrola-Padros, Nick Swart, Michelle McIntosh, Sonya Crowe, Stephen Morris, Naomi J Fulop
BACKGROUND: One to one specialling is a type of care which is provided to ensure the safety of patients who may be suffering from cognitive impairment, exhibit challenging behaviour, or may be at risk of falls or of causing harm to themselves or others. Care such as this, often referred to as 'specialling' or 'sitting' is common practice in most hospitals around the world, but there is a lack of evidence regarding its cost effectiveness and the quality of care provided. AIM: The aim of this scoping review was to explore the breadth and scope of literature on one to one specialling, sitters and similar types of care in acute secondary care settings, in order to identify the challenges and concerns relating to the quality of care (process and outcomes) and cost effectiveness emerging from the literature, and determine the implications of this for policy, practice and future research...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771846/educational-exposure-to-transgender-patient-care-in-otolaryngology-training
#14
Benjamin B Massenburg, Shane D Morrison, Vania Rashidi, Craig Miller, David W Grant, Christopher S Crowe, Nathalia Velasquez, Justin R Shinn, Jacob E Kuperstock, Deepa J Galaiya, Scott R Chaiet, Amit D Bhrany
OBJECTIVE: Gender dysphoria is estimated to occur in over 1 million people in the United States. With decreasing stigma regarding the transgender population, it is likely more patients will seek medical and surgical gender transition as parts of their treatment. However, otolaryngologists may lack training in gender-confirming surgery. This study aims to determine the current state of transgender-related education in the United States otolaryngology training programs and to evaluate trainee perceptions regarding the importance of such training...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769725/mxra8-is-a-receptor-for-multiple-arthritogenic-alphaviruses
#15
Rong Zhang, Arthur S Kim, Julie M Fox, Sharmila Nair, Katherine Basore, William B Klimstra, Rebecca Rimkunas, Rachel H Fong, Hueylie Lin, Subhajit Poddar, James E Crowe, Benjamin J Doranz, Daved H Fremont, Michael S Diamond
Arthritogenic alphaviruses comprise a group of enveloped RNA viruses that are transmitted to humans by mosquitoes and cause debilitating acute and chronic musculoskeletal disease 1 . The host factors required for alphavirus entry remain poorly characterized 2 . Here we use a genome-wide CRISPR-Cas9-based screen to identify the cell adhesion molecule Mxra8 as an entry mediator for multiple emerging arthritogenic alphaviruses, including chikungunya, Ross River, Mayaro and O'nyong nyong viruses. Gene editing of mouse Mxra8 or human MXRA8 resulted in reduced levels of viral infection of cells and, reciprocally, ectopic expression of these genes resulted in increased infection...
May 16, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767650/immediate-effect-of-continuous-ultrasound-vs-sham-ultrasound-for-bilateral-masseter-myalgia-a-double-blinded-trial
#16
Haseeb Hussain, Heidi Crow, Yoly Gonzalez, W D McCall
AIMS: To investigate the local and segmental effects of therapeutic ultrasound at a dose of 0.4 w/cm2 with 100% duty cycle for 5 minutes compared to the effect of sham ultrasound on painful masticatory muscles. METHODS: A total of 20 adult female subjects with bilateral masseter myalgia diagnosed according to the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD) were included. Each subject was randomized to either an active ultrasound group or a sham ultrasound group...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764173/developing-palliative-care-programs-in-indigenous-communities-using-participatory-action-research-a-canadian-application-of-the-public-health-approach-to-palliative-care
#17
Mary Lou Kelley, Holly Prince, Shevaun Nadin, Kevin Brazil, Maxine Crow, Gaye Hanson, Luanne Maki, Lori Monture, Christopher J Mushquash, Valerie O'Brien, Jeroline Smith
BACKGROUND: The Indigenous people of Canada include First Nations, Inuit and Metis. This research focused on four diverse First Nations communities located in Ontario and Manitoba. First Nations communities have well-established culturally-based social processes for supporting their community members experiencing dying, loss, grief and bereavement. However, communities do not have formalized local palliative care (PC) programs and have limited access to medical services, especially pain and symptom management...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763554/template-catalyzed-disulfide-conjugation-of-monoclonal-antibodies-using-a-natural-amino-acid-tag
#18
Jeremy D King, Yuelong Ma, Yi-Chui Kuo, Krzysztof P Bzymek, Leah H Goodstein, Kassondra Meyer, Roger E Moore, Desiree Crow, David Colcher, Gagandeep Singh, David A Horne, John C Williams
The high specificity and favorable pharmacological properties of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have prompted significant interest in re-engineering this class of molecules to add novel functionalities for enhanced therapeutic and diagnostic potential. Here, we used the high affinity, meditope-Fab interaction to template and drive the rapid, efficient, and stable site-specific formation of a disulfide bond. We demonstrate that this template-catalyzed strategy provides a consistent and reproducible means to conjugate fluorescent dyes, cytotoxins, or "click" chemistry handles to meditope-enabled mAbs (memAbs) and memFabs...
May 15, 2018: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757346/effectiveness-of-a-multifaceted-intervention-to-reduce-night-time-sedative-use-in-a-rehabilitation-unit-a-pre-post-intervention-study
#19
Juliana Delos Reyes, Anthony T Sharkey, Laura Morrison, Maria Costello, Cate Crowe, Robert Murphy, Shaun T O'Keeffe, Eamon C Mulkerrin
Background: night-time sedation prescribed during a hospital stay can result in long-term use of such medications in older people. We examined the effectiveness of a multifaceted intervention to reduce night time sedation in an inpatient rehabilitation unit. Methods: an initial retrospective survey of night-time sedative use was followed by prospective re-evaluation after a number of changes were made including education of staff and of patients regarding the potential hazards of sedative medications, measures to promote sleep hygiene and facilitate a 'quiet time' after 10 pm and development of a withdrawal protocol for patients on long-term night sedation...
May 11, 2018: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749852/ecoevo-maps-an-ecology-and-evolution-assessment-for-introductory-through-advanced-undergraduates
#20
Mindi M Summers, Brian A Couch, Jennifer K Knight, Sara E Brownell, Alison J Crowe, Katharine Semsar, Christian D Wright, Michelle K Smith
A new assessment tool, Ecology and Evolution-Measuring Achievement and Progression in Science or EcoEvo-MAPS, measures student thinking in ecology and evolution during an undergraduate course of study. EcoEvo-MAPS targets foundational concepts in ecology and evolution and uses a novel approach that asks students to evaluate a series of predictions, conclusions, or interpretations as likely or unlikely to be true given a specific scenario. We collected evidence of validity and reliability for EcoEvo-MAPS through an iterative process of faculty review, student interviews, and analyses of assessment data from more than 3000 students at 34 associate's-, bachelor's-, master's-, and doctoral-granting institutions...
June 2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
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