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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544107/the-relationship-between-sleep-disturbance-and-glycemic-control-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-an-integrative-review
#1
REVIEW
Bingqian Zhu, Patricia E Hershberger, Mary C Kapella, Cynthia Fritschi
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore and synthesize current research to assess the state of science about the relationship between sleep disturbance and glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is suggested a risk factor for T2DM. Diabetes alone is a leading cause of death, but when coupled with sleep disturbance poses additional health risks. However, little is known about the relationship between sleep disturbance and glycemic control in people with overt diabetes...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543305/effects-of-nitrogenous-wastes-on-survival-of-the-barton-springs-salamander-eurycea-sosorum
#2
Justin C Crow, Kenneth G Ostrand, Michael R J Forstner, Matthew Catalano, Joseph R Tomasso
The objective of our study was to determine the acute toxicity of 3 common aquatic nitrogenous toxicants to the federally endangered Barton Springs salamander (Eurycea sosorum). Based on our findings, the 96-hour median-lethal concentration (96-h LC50) for un-ionized ammonia-N, nitrite-N, and nitrate-N to E. sosorum are 2.0 ± 0.32 mg/L, 31.7 ± 4.02 mg/L, and 968.5 ± 150.6 mg/L, respectively. These results establish a benchmark for the tolerance of plethodontid salamanders to these toxicants and indicate that current water quality criteria are adequate for their protection...
May 23, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538961/validation-of-the-intelligibility-in-context-scale-for-jamaican-creole-speaking-preschoolers
#3
Karla N Washington, Megan M McDonald, Sharynne McLeod, Kathryn Crowe, Hubert Devonish
Purpose: To describe validation of the Intelligibility in Context Scale (ICS; McLeod, Harrison, & McCormack, 2012a) and ICS-Jamaican Creole (ICS-JC; McLeod, Harrison, & McCormack, 2012b) in a sample of typically developing 3- to 6-year-old Jamaicans. Method: One-hundred and forty-five preschooler-parent dyads participated in the study. Parents completed the 7-item ICS (n = 145) and ICS-JC (n = 98) to rate children's speech intelligibility (5-point scale) across communication partners (parents, immediate family, extended family, friends, acquaintances, strangers)...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538342/letters
#4
Samuel Crow, Galya Kolodner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532840/effect-of-breed-plane-of-nutrition-and-age-on-growth-scrotal-development-metabolite-concentrations-and-on-systemic-gonadotropin-and-testosterone-concentrations-following-a-gnrh-challenge-in-young-dairy-bulls
#5
C J Byrne, S Fair, A M English, C Urh, H Sauerwein, M A Crowe, P Lonergan, D A Kenny
The onset of puberty in the bull is regulated by the timing of early GnRH pulsatility release from the hypothalamus, which has been demonstrated to be affected by plane of nutrition during calf-hood. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of plane of nutrition on growth rate, scrotal development, metabolite concentrations and exogenous gonadotrophin (GnRH) induced release of luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and testosterone (TT) in pre-pubertal bulls of two contrasting dairy breeds...
July 1, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530474/optimising-pre-season-training-loads-in-australian-football
#6
David L Carey, Justin Crow, Kok-Leong Ong, Peter Blanch, Meg E Morris, Ben J Dascombe, Kay M Crossley
PURPOSE: To investigate whether pre-season training plans for Australian football can be computer generated using current training load guidelines to optimise injury risk reduction and performance improvement. METHODS: A constrained optimisation problem was defined for daily total and sprint distance, using the pre-season schedule of an elite Australian football team as a template. Maximising total training volume and maximising Banister model projected performance were both considered as optimisation objectives...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525746/silicon-valley-meets-biomedical-research-in-the-chan-zuckerberg-initiative
#7
Diana Crow
The Chan Zuckerberg Initiative, the philanthropy launched by Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and his wife Priscilla Chan, drew attention with its stated goal of helping to "cure, manage, or treat all diseases" by the end of the century. They intend to do it through funding basic research and addressing gaps in biomedical technology.
May 18, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524719/polyester-based-microdisc-systems-for-sustained-release-of-neuroprotective-phosphine-borane-complexes
#8
David A Janus, Christopher J Lieven, Megan E Crowe, Leonard A Levin
Phosphine-borane complexes are recently developed redox-active drugs that are neuroprotective in models of optic nerve injury and radioprotective in endothelial cells. However, a single dose of these compounds is short-lived, necessitating development of sustained-release formulations of these novel molecules. We screened a library of biodegradable co- and non-block polyester polymer systems for release of incorporated phosphine-borane complexes to evaluate them as drug delivery systems for use in chronic disease...
May 19, 2017: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522396/ultrafast-spectroscopy-on-dna-cleavage-by-endonuclease-in-molecular-crowding
#9
Priya Singh, Susobhan Choudhury, Shreyasi Dutta, Aniruddha Adhikari, Siddhartha Bhattacharya, Debasish Pal, Samir Kumar Pal
The jam-packed intracellular environments differ the activity of a biological macromolecule from that in laboratory environments (in vitro) through a number of mechanisms called molecular crowding related to structure, function and dynamics of the macromolecule. Here, we have explored the structure, function and dynamics of a model enzyme protein DNase I in molecular crowing of polyethylene glycol (PEG; MW 3350). We have used steady state and picosecond resolved dynamics of a well-known intercalator ethidium bromide (EB) in a 20-mer double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) to monitor the DNA-cleavage by the enzyme in absence and presence PEG...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520675/the-role-of-cognitive-reserve-in-recovery-from-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Kayla A Steward, Richard Kennedy, Thomas A Novack, Michael Crowe, Daniel C Marson, Kristen L Triebel
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether cognitive reserve (CR) attenuates the initial impact of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on cognitive performance (neural reserve) and results in faster cognitive recovery rates in the first year postinjury (neural compensation), and whether the advantage of CR differs on the basis of the severity of TBI. SETTING: Inpatient/outpatient clinics at an academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Adults with mild TBI (mTBI; n = 28), complicated mild TBI (cmTBI; n = 24), and moderate to severe TBI (msevTBI; n = 57), and demographically matched controls (n = 66)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514435/career-guide-melbourne
#11
James Mitchell Crow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512463/allometric-models-for-predicting-aboveground-biomass-and-carbon-stock-of-tropical-perennial-c4-grasses-in-hawaii
#12
Adel H Youkhana, Richard M Ogoshi, James R Kiniry, Manyowa N Meki, Mae H Nakahata, Susan E Crow
Biomass is a promising renewable energy option that provides a more environmentally sustainable alternative to fossil resources by reducing the net flux of greenhouse gasses to the atmosphere. Yet, allometric models that allow the prediction of aboveground biomass (AGB), biomass carbon (C) stock non-destructively have not yet been developed for tropical perennial C4 grasses currently under consideration as potential bioenergy feedstock in Hawaii and other subtropical and tropical locations. The objectives of this study were to develop optimal allometric relationships and site-specific models to predict AGB, biomass C stock of napiergrass, energycane, and sugarcane under cultivation practices for renewable energy and validate these site-specific models against independent data sets generated from sites with widely different environments...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512148/erratum-for-the-research-article-reactive-oxygen-species-induce-virus-independent-mavs-oligomerization-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-by-i-a-buskiewicz-t-montgomery-e-c-yasewicz-s-a-huber-m-p-murphy-r-c-hartley-r-kelly-m-k-crow-a-perl-r-c-budd-a-koenig
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511740/the-association-between-cognitive-decline-and-incident-depressive-symptoms-in-a-sample-of-older-puerto-rican-adults-with-diabetes
#14
Tyler Bell, Ana Luisa Dávila, Olivio Clay, Kyriakos S Markides, Ross Andel, Michael Crowe
BACKGROUND: Older Puerto Rican adults have particularly high risk of diabetes compared to the general US population. Diabetes is associated with both higher depressive symptoms and cognitive decline, but less is known about the longitudinal relationship between cognitive decline and incident depressive symptoms in those with diabetes. This study investigated the association between cognitive decline and incident depressive symptoms in older Puerto Rican adults with diabetes over a four-year period...
May 17, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506299/developmental-hip-dysplasia-treated-by-total-hip-arthroplasty-using-a-cementless-wagner-cone-stem-in-young-adult-patients-with-a-small-physique
#15
Ping Zhen, Jun Liu, Hao Lu, Hui Chen, Xusheng Li, Shenghu Zhou
BACKGROUND: Developmental hip dysplasia (DDH) may lead to severe acetabular and femoral abnormalities that can render total hip arthroplasty (THA) challenging, especially in DDH patients with a small physique. Most conventional cemented or cementless femoral components are often difficult to implant in the narrow femoral canal and require slight version correction during surgery. The aim of this study was to present the mid-term results of THA in the treatment of DDH patients with a small physique using a cementless Wagner cone prosthesis (Zimmer®, US)...
May 15, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499162/factors-associated-with-medication-adherence-among-patients-with-diabetes-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-region-a-systematic-mixed-studies-review
#16
REVIEW
Myriam Jaam, Mohamed Izham Mohamed Ibrahim, Nadir Kheir, Ahmed Awaisu
Multiple systematic reviews were conducted investigating factors associated with medication adherence worldwide. However, investigations from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region were largely underrepresented in those reviews. Therefore, the objective of this systematic review is to identify the factors influencing medication adherence among patients with diabetes in the MENA region. A systematic literature search was conducted through Cochrane Library, EBSCO, EMBASE, Google Scholar, ISI Web of Science, PubMed, ScienceDirect, SCOPUS, and ProQuest...
April 26, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495936/aspect-a-survey-to-assess-student-perspective-of-engagement-in-an-active-learning-classroom
#17
Benjamin L Wiggins, Sarah L Eddy, Leah Wener-Fligner, Karen Freisem, Daniel Z Grunspan, Elli J Theobald, Jerry Timbrook, Alison J Crowe
The primary measure used to determine relative effectiveness of in-class activities has been student performance on pre/posttests. However, in today's active-learning classrooms, learning is a social activity, requiring students to interact and learn from their peers. To develop effective active-learning exercises that engage students, it is important to gain a more holistic view of the student experience in an active-learning classroom. We have taken a mixed-methods approach to iteratively develop and validate a 16-item survey to measure multiple facets of the student experience during active-learning exercises...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493531/ternary-complex-of-human-ror%C3%AE-ligand-binding-domain-inverse-agonist-and-smrt-peptide-shows-a-unique-mechanism-of-corepressor-recruitment
#18
Masato Noguchi, Akihiro Nomura, Ken Murase, Satoki Doi, Keishi Yamaguchi, Kazuyuki Hirata, Makoto Shiozaki, Shintaro Hirashima, Masayuki Kotoku, Takayuki Yamaguchi, Yoshiaki Katsuda, Ruo Steensma, Xioalin Li, Haiyan Tao, Bruno Tse, Morgan Fenn, Robert Babine, Erin Bradley, Paul Crowe, Scott Thacher, Tsuyoshi Adachi, Masafumi Kamada
Retinoid-related orphan receptor gamma (RORγ) directly controls the differentiation of Th17 cell and the production of interleukin-17, which plays an integral role in autoimmune diseases. To obtain insight into RORγ, we have determined the first crystal structure of a ternary complex containing RORγ ligand-binding domain (LBD) bound with a novel synthetic inhibitor and a repressor peptide, 22-mer peptide from silencing mediator of retinoic acid and thyroid hormone receptor (SMRT). Comparison of a binary complex of nonliganded (apo) RORγ-LBD with a nuclear receptor co-activator (NCoA-1) peptide has shown that our inhibitor displays a unique mechanism different from those caused by natural inhibitor, ursolic acid (UA)...
May 11, 2017: Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493403/suicide-prevention-in-mental-health-services-a-qualitative-analysis-of-coroners-reports
#19
Jenni Manuel, Marie Crowe, Maree Inder, Mark Henaghan
Suicide is a major concern for mental health nurses because of its clear correlation with mental illness. In New Zealand, coroners investigate all deaths that appear to be a result of suicide, and provide reports to mental health services (MHS). The aim of the present study was to investigate coronial recommendations to MHS in relation to suicide prevention and to examine clinical and family responses to these. The present study was a three-phase design: (i) analysis of coroners' recommendations related to suicide in MHS; (ii) interviews with clinicians for their response to the recommendations; and (iii) interviews with individuals working with families of consumers of MHS for their responses in relation to family-related recommendations...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481365/membrane-bound-%C3%AE-catenin-degradation-is-enhanced-by-ets2-mediated-siah1-induction-in-helicobacter-pylori-infected-gastric-cancer-cells
#20
L Das, S B Kokate, P Dixit, S Rath, N Rout, S P Singh, S E Crowe, A Bhattacharyya
β-catenin has two different cellular functions: intercellular adhesion and transcriptional activity. The E3 ubiquitin ligase Siah1 causes ubiquitin-mediated degradation of the cytosolic β-catenin and therefore, impairs nuclear translocation and oncogenic function of β-catenin. However, the effect of Siah1 on the cell membrane bound β-catenin has not been studied. In this study, we identified that the carcinogenic bacterium H. pylori increased ETS2 transcription factor-mediated Siah1 protein expression in gastric cancer cells (GCCs) MKN45, AGS and Kato III...
May 8, 2017: Oncogenesis
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