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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209141/reliability-and-diagnostic-validity-of-a-joint-vibration-analysis-device
#1
Sonia Sharma, Heidi C Crow, Krishnan Kartha, W D McCall, Yoly M Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: This observational study was designed to evaluate the reliability and diagnostic validity of Joint Vibration Analysis (JVA) in subjects with bilateral disc displacement with reduction and in subjects with bilateral normal disc position. METHODS: The reliability of selecting the traces was assessed by reading the same traces at an interval of 30 days. The reliability of the vibrations provided by the subjects was assessed by obtaining two tracings from each individual at an interval of 30 min...
February 16, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208689/season-transport-duration-and-trailer-compartment-effects-on-blood-stress-indicators-in-pigs-relationship-to-environmental-behavioral-and-other-physiological-factors-and-pork-quality-traits
#2
Roberta Sommavilla, Luigi Faucitano, Harold Gonyou, Yolande Seddon, Renée Bergeron, Tina Widowski, Trever Crowe, Laurie Connor, Marina Bergoli Scheeren, Sébastien Goumon, Jennifer Brown
The objective of this study was to assess the effects of the season, travel duration and trailer compartment location on blood creatine-kinase (CK), lactate and cortisol concentrations in 384 pigs and assess their relationships with trailer temperature, heart rate and gastrointestinal tract temperature (GTT), behavior, carcass damage scores and meat quality. Blood CK was greater in pigs transported in summer (p = 0.02), after 18 h transportation (p < 0.001) and in pigs located in C4, C5 and C10 (p = 0.002)...
February 8, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207331/a-systematic-review-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-sexual-minorities
#3
Billy A Caceres, Abraham Brody, Rachel E Luscombe, Jillian E Primiano, Peter Marusca, Edward M Sitts, Deborah Chyun
BACKGROUND: Mental health and HIV disparities are well documented among sexual minorities, but there is a dearth of research on other chronic conditions. Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death worldwide. Although sexual minorities have high rates of several modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease (including stress, tobacco use, and alcohol consumption), there is a paucity of research in this area. OBJECTIVES: In this systematic review, we synthesized and critiqued the existing evidence on cardiovascular disease among sexual minority adults...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207172/drivers-of-redistribution-of-fishing-and-non-fishing-effort-after-the-implementation-of-a-marine-protected-area-network
#4
Reniel B Cabral, Steven D Gaines, Brett A Johnson, Tom W Bell, Crow White
Marine spatial planning (MSP) is increasingly utilized to sustainably manage ocean uses. Marine protected areas (MPAs), a form of spatial management in which parts of the ocean are regulated to fishing, are now a common tool in MSP for conserving marine biodiversity and managing fisheries. However, the use of MPAs in MSP often neglects, or simplifies, the redistribution of fishing and non-fishing activities inside and outside of MPAs following their implementation. This redistribution of effort can have important implications for effective MSP...
October 3, 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203099/a-new-dermocosmetic-containing-retinaldehyde-delta-tocopherol-glucoside-and-glycylglycine-oleamide-for-managing-naturally-aged-skin-results-from-in-vitro-to-clinical-studies
#5
Céline Rouvrais, Daniel Bacqueville, Patrick Bogdanowicz, Marie-José Haure, Laure Duprat, Christine Coutanceau, Nathalie Castex-Rizzi, Hélène Duplan, Valérie Mengeaud, Sandrine Bessou-Touya
INTRODUCTION: Natural aging of skin tissues, the addition of the cumulative action of the time and radiation exposure result in skin atrophy, wrinkles and degeneration of the extracellular matrix (ECM). The aim of the study was to investigate the beneficial effect of a combination containing retinaldehyde (RAL), delta-tocopherol glucoside (delta-TC) and glycylglycine ole-amide (GGO) and of a dermocosmetic containing the combination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The protective effect of the combination was assessed through in vitro gene expression of ultraviolet (UV)-irradiated fibroblasts...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202815/covariation-in-levels-of-nucleotide-diversity-in-homologous-regions-of-the-avian-genome-long-after-completion-of-lineage-sorting
#6
Ludovic Dutoit, Nagarjun Vijay, Carina F Mugal, Christen M Bossu, Reto Burri, Jochen Wolf, Hans Ellegren
Closely related species may show similar levels of genetic diversity in homologous regions of the genome owing to shared ancestral variation still segregating in the extant species. However, after completion of lineage sorting, such covariation is not necessarily expected. On the other hand, if the processes that govern genetic diversity are conserved, diversity may potentially covary even among distantly related species. We mapped regions of conserved synteny between the genomes of two divergent bird species-collared flycatcher and hooded crow-and identified more than 600 Mb of homologous regions (66% of the genome)...
February 22, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199032/a-comparison-of-the-frequency-of-familial-suicide-attempts-across-eating-disorder-diagnoses
#7
Emily M Pisetsky, Carol B Peterson, James E Mitchell, Stephen A Wonderlich, Ross D Crosby, Daniel Le Grange, Laura Hill, Pauline Powers, Scott J Crow
This study examined the prevalence of reported suicide attempts among family members of individuals with an eating disorder (ED). 1870 individuals presenting for ED treatment reported whether their family members ever made a suicide attempt using the Eating Disorders Questionnaire. A lifetime suicide attempt by any family member was reported by 10.8% (n = 202) of the sample and ranged from 7.0% of those with eating disorder not otherwise specified to 16.1% of those with purging disorder. Controlling for age and gender, individuals with bulimia nervosa had a higher prevalence of any familial suicide attempt and mother suicide attempt than individuals with EDNOS; no other differences were observed across ED diagnoses...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192043/serosurvey-for-west-nile-virus-antibodies-in-steller-s-jays-cyanocitta-stelleri-captured-in-coastal-california
#8
Elena West, Erik Hofmeister, M Zach Peery
West Nile virus (WNV) was first detected in New York in 1999 and, during its expansion across the continental US, southern Canada, and Mexico, members of the Corvidae (ravens, crows, magpies, and jays) were frequently infected and highly susceptible to the virus. As part of a behavioral study of Steller's Jays ( Cyanocitta stelleri ) conducted from 2011-2014 in the coastal California counties of San Mateo and Santa Cruz, 380 Steller's Jays were captured and tested for antibodies to WNV. Using the wild bird IgG enzyme linked immunoassay, we failed to detect antibodies to WNV, indicating either that there was no previous exposure to the virus or that exposed birds had died...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187005/the-state-of-disability-awareness-in-american-medical-schools
#9
Erica Seidel, Scott Crowe
This study was designed to: (1) determine how many American medical schools include disability awareness in their curriculum, (2) explore the format of disability awareness programs in existence, and (3) understand why some schools do not include disability awareness in their curriculum. An online survey was sent to deans of medical education (or equivalent positions) at accredited allopathic and osteopathic American medical schools (N = 167) in 2015. Seventy-five schools (45%) completed surveys. Fifty-two percent (39/75) reported having a disability awareness program...
February 9, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186295/monoclonal-antibodies-against-the-staphylococcus-aureus-bicomponent-leukotoxin-ab-lukab-isolated-following-invasive-human-infection-reveal-diverse-binding-and-modes-of-action
#10
Isaac P Thomsen, Gopal Sapparapu, David B A James, James E Cassat, Meera Nagarsheth, Nurgun Kose, Nicole Putnam, Kristina M Boguslawski, Lauren S Jones, James B Wood, Clarence B Creech, Victor J Torres, James E Crowe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170100/vulnerable-narcissism-is-mostly-a-disorder-of-neuroticism
#11
Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam, Colin Vize, Michael Crowe, Chelsea Sleep, Jessica L Maples-Keller, Lauren R Few, W Keith Campbell
OBJECTIVE: Increasing attention has been paid to the distinction between the dimensions of narcissistic grandiosity and vulnerability. We examine the degree to which basic traits underlie vulnerable narcissism with a particular emphasis on the importance of neuroticism and agreeableness. METHODS: Across four samples (undergraduate, online community, clinical-community), we conduct dominance analyses to partition the variance predicted in vulnerable narcissism by the five-factor model personality domains...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157138/expectancy-reduces-symptoms-but-not-functional-impairment-following-exercise-induced-musculoskeletal-injury
#12
William C Hedderson, Geoffrey C Dover, Steven Z George, Joshua A Crow, Paul A Borsa
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the extent to which the participant-provider interaction influences the response to sham treatment following exercised-induced acute musculoskeletal pain. METHODS: Forty participants between the ages of 18 and 35 volunteered for the study. Participants came to the laboratory for three test sessions 48-hours apart (Day 1, 3 and 5). During the initial session, baseline measures were assessed and participants underwent a fatigue protocol for the biceps brachii...
February 2, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156063/lymphadenectomy-for-melanoma-a-trade-off
#13
EDITORIAL
Philip Crowe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149913/anatomic-placement-of-the-acetabulum-improves-the-survival-rate-in-patients-with-crowe-type-ii-dysplasia-undergoing-total-hip-arthroplasty
#14
COMMENT
Ruyin Hu, Bo Li, Xiaobin Tian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148947/regulatory-watch-outcomes-of-early-health-technology-assessment-dialogues-in-medicinal-product-development
#15
François Maignen, Leeza Osipenko, Pilar Pinilla-Dominguez, Emily Crowe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: Nature Reviews. Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148840/therapy-with-ctla4-ig-and-an-antiviral-monoclonal-antibody-controls-chikungunya-virus-arthritis
#16
Jonathan J Miner, Lindsey E Cook, Jun P Hong, Amber M Smith, Justin M Richner, Raeann M Shimak, Alissa R Young, Kristen Monte, Subhajit Poddar, James E Crowe, Deborah J Lenschow, Michael S Diamond
In 2013, chikungunya virus (CHIKV) transmission was documented in the Western Hemisphere, and the virus has since spread throughout the Americas with more than 1.8 million people infected in more than 40 countries. CHIKV targets the joints, resulting in symmetric polyarthritis that clinically mimics rheumatoid arthritis and can endure for months to years. At present, no approved treatment is effective in preventing or controlling CHIKV infection or disease. We treated mice with eight different disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs and identified CLTA4-Ig (abatacept) and tofacitinib as candidate therapies based on their ability to decrease acute joint swelling...
February 1, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148604/the-impact-of-oral-systemic-health-on-advancing-interprofessional-education-outcomes
#17
Judith Haber, Erin Hartnett, Kenneth Allen, Ruth Crowe, Jennifer Adams, Abigail Bella, Thomas Riles, Anna Vasilyeva
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an interprofessional education (IPE) clinical simulation and case study experience, using oral-systemic health as the clinical population health example, for nurse practitioner/midwifery, dental, and medical students' self-reported attainment of interprofessional competencies. A pretest-posttest evaluation method was employed, using data from the Interprofessional Collaborative Competency Attainment Scale (ICCAS) completed by two large cohorts of nurse practitioner/midwifery, dental, and medical students at one U...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146591/high-levels-of-transmitted-hiv-drug-resistance-in-a-study-in-papua-new-guinea
#18
Evelyn Lavu, Ellan Kave, Euodia Mosoro, Jessica Markby, Eman Aleksic, Janet Gare, Imogen A Elsum, Gideon Nano, Petronia Kaima, Nick Dala, Anup Gurung, Silvia Bertagnolio, Suzanne M Crowe, Mark Myatt, Anna C Hearps, Michael R Jordan
INTRODUCTION: Papua New Guinea is a Pacific Island nation of 7.3 million people with an estimated HIV prevalence of 0.8%. ART initiation and monitoring are guided by clinical staging and CD4 cell counts, when available. Little is known about levels of transmitted HIV drug resistance in recently infected individuals in Papua New Guinea. METHODS: Surveillance of transmitted HIV drug resistance in a total of 123 individuals recently infected with HIV and aged less than 30 years was implemented in Port Moresby (n = 62) and Mount Hagen (n = 61) during the period May 2013-April 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145581/phenotypic-similarity-in-sympatric-crow-species-evidence-of-social-convergence
#19
Paola Laiolo
Crows, rooks and ravens (Corvus spp.) display marked morphological and voice similarities that have been hypothesised to stem from competitive interactions, as a case of non-aposematic mimicry. Here, I test predictions of the mimicry hypothesis at the macrovolutionary scale, examining whether species morphological and acoustic traits covary with those of coexisting congeners, and whether phenotypic similarity has facilitated the coexistence of related species after secondary contact. Body size and the temporal patterns of the commonest call display high levels of similarity among sympatric species, even after controlling for the effect of shared climate and habitat, and phylogenetic constraints in the production of variation...
February 1, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141723/anxiety-associated-with-asthma-exacerbations-and-overuse-of-medication-the-role-of-cultural-competency
#20
Yousuke T Horikawa, Tina Y Udaka, Janet K Crow, John I Takayama, Martin T Stein
Toshi, a 14-year-old Japanese boy, had uncontrolled asthma after relocating from Japan with his family 1 year ago. In Japan, he was diagnosed with moderate, persistent asthma, which was controlled with salmeterol and albuterol on an as needed basis. Since moving to the United States, Toshi complained of frequent dyspnea.Initially, he was seen by a Japanese physician who prescribed 200 mg of fluticasone 3 times a day and albuterol nebulization as needed. When Toshi came to the Pediatric Primary Care Clinic, he reported using his nebulizer up to 25 times daily...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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