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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717324/investigation-of-avian-influenza-infection-in-wild-birds-in-ismailia-and-damietta-cities-egypt
#1
Hanaa Mohamed Fadel, Rabab Afifi
AIM: This study was carried out to monitor avian influenza (AI) infection in wild birds in Egypt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 135 wild birds were examined for the presence of H5, H7, and H9 hemagglutination inhibition antibodies. Organs and swab samples of 75 birds were screened by multiplex real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) to detect AI subtypes H5, H7, and H9 matrix genes. RESULTS: The highest seropositive result was recorded in cattle egrets (90...
June 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708992/biology-gone-wild
#2
Diana Crow
To study how genes, cells, or organisms operate in natural environments, researchers often need to leave the bench and venture into the field. Here are a few approaches that field biologists use in designing and conducting semi-wild experiments and the many challenges they face.
July 13, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706382/cementless-acetabular-component-with-or-without-upward-placement-in-dysplasia-hip-early-results-from-a-prospective-randomised-study
#3
Zhiqi Zhang, Peihui Wu, Zhiyu Huang, Baoxi Yu, Hong Sun, Ming Fu, Yan Kang, Weiming Liao
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) in developmental dysplasia of hip (DDH) is difficult for the abnormal acetabulum. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the difference of anatomic and upward placement of acetabular component during early stage. METHODS: From April 2014 through June 2015, forty DDH patients (Crowe I to III, 42 hips) were prospectively randomized to either anatomic or upward group. Patient recorded diaries were collected. Radiographs were reviewed...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706312/management-of-root-knot-nematode-meloidogyne-incognita-on-pittosporum-tobira-under-greenhouse-field-and-on-farm-conditions-in-florida
#4
Richard Baidoo, Tesfamariam Mengistu, Robert McSorley, Robert H Stamps, Janete Brito, William T Crow
Root-knot nematodes are important pests of cut foliage crops in Florida. Currently, effective nematicides for control of these nematodes on cut foliage crops are lacking. Hence, research was conducted at the University of Florida to identify pesticides or biopesticides that could be used to manage these nematodes. The research comprised on-farm, field, and greenhouse trials. Nematicide treatments evaluated include commercial formulations of spirotetramat, furfural, and Purpureocillium lilacinum (=Paecilomyces lilacinus) strain 251...
June 2017: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703009/evaluating-the-ecological-validity-of-the-dutch-eating-behavior-questionnaire-among-obese-adults-using-ecological-momentary-assessment
#5
Tyler B Mason, Carly R Pacanowski, Jason M Lavender, Ross D Crosby, Stephen A Wonderlich, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson
This study evaluated the ecological validity (i.e., accurate measurement of a construct as experienced in naturalistic settings) of the self-report Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ). Obese adults ( N = 50) completed the DEBQ, followed by a 2-week ecological momentary assessment protocol that included measures of eating episodes and associated intrapersonal contextual factors. Results revealed that DEBQ Emotional Eating was associated with greater negative affect and less positive affect at both pre- and post-eating episode, as well as post-eating ratings of feeling driven to eat...
July 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699269/determinants-of-short-and-long-term-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-immediate-breast-reconstruction-following-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#6
Craig A Wengler, Stephanie A Valente, Zahraa AlHilli, Neil M Woody, Julia H Muntean, Jame Abraham, Rahul D Tendulkar, Risal Djohan, Colin O'Rourke, Joseph P Crowe, Stephen R Grobmyer
BACKGROUND: We evaluated oncologic outcomes and complications of skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM) and nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) with immediate reconstruction (IR) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in patients with early-stage and locally advanced breast cancer (BC). METHODS: BC patients from 2000 to 2014 treated with NAC followed by SSM/NSM and IR were reviewed. Patient demographics, tumor characteristics, NAC response, complications, and recurrence were analyzed...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698508/jamaica-s-critically-endangered-butterfly-a-review-of-the-biology-and-conservation-status-of-the-homerus-swallowtail-papilio-pterourus-homerus-fabricius
#7
REVIEW
Matthew S Lehnert, Valerie R Kramer, John E Rawlins, Vanessa Verdecia, Jaret C Daniels
The Homerus swallowtail, Papilio (Pterourus) homerus Fabricius, is listed as an endangered species and is endemic to the Caribbean island of Jamaica. The largest butterfly in the Western Hemisphere, P. homerus once inhabited seven of Jamaica's 14 parishes and consisted of at least three populations; however, now only two stronghold populations remain, a western population in the rugged Cockpit Country and an eastern population in the Blue and John Crow Mountains. Despite numerous studies of its life history, much about the population biology, including estimates of total numbers of individuals in each population, remains unknown...
July 10, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691843/associations-of-borderline-personality-disorder-traits-with-stressful-events-and-emotional-reactivity-in-women-with-bulimia-nervosa
#8
Carolyn M Pearson, Jason M Lavender, Li Cao, Stephen A Wonderlich, Ross D Crosby, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Carol B Peterson, Scott J Crow
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) traits are common among those with bulimia nervosa (BN). However, how these traits impact the state experience of precipitants of BN behavior, such as stressful events and emotional reactivity, has not been determined. Thus, the purpose of this naturalistic study was to examine this trait-state association in BN. Women with DSM-IV BN (N = 133) completed a baseline measure of personality pathology traits, and subsequently recorded their affective state and the frequency and perception of 3 types of stressful events (interpersonal, work/environment, and daily hassles) several times per day for 2 weeks using ecological momentary assessment (EMA)...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691148/entomotoxicology-in-burnt-bodies-a-case-of-maternal-filicide-suicide-by-fire
#9
V Bugelli, L Papi, S Fornaro, F Stefanelli, S Chericoni, M Giusiani, S Vanin, C P Campobasso
One of the most common methods of maternal filicide is by fire. In this case study, a 40-year-old female and her children were found completely burned in a burnt out car. All bodies showed a degree of destruction by fire consisting to a level 3 of the Crow-Glassman Scale (CGS) and early stage of insect activity. Toxicological analyses were performed on soft tissues and body fluids still available. The results were positive for diazepam and its metabolites only for children with blood concentrations consistent with therapeutic doses of benzodiazepines...
July 9, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688609/does-restoration-of-hip-center-with-subtrochanteric-osteotomy-provide-preferable-outcome-for-crowe-type-iii-iv-irreducible-development-dysplasia-of-the-hip
#10
Tzu-Cheng Yang, Cheng-Fong Chen, Shang-Wen Tsai, Wei-Ming Chen, Ming-Chau Chang
BACKGROUND: Subtrochanteric osteotomy and proximal placement of acetabular components are two common procedures used to manage irreducible, high riding developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Some common and specific complications are observed in both procedures. We aimed to compare both the outcomes and complications between these two procedures. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with unilateral, Crowe type III-IV DDH who were seen between 2002 and 2014 were included in this study...
July 5, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688117/serologic-evidence-of-west-nile-virus-and-usutu-virus-infections-in-eurasian-coots-in-the-netherlands
#11
S M Lim, M Geervliet, J H Verhagen, G J D M Müskens, F A Majoor, A D M E Osterhaus, B E E Martina
West Nile virus (WNV) and Usutu virus (USUV) are arboviruses that are maintained in enzootic transmission cycles between mosquitoes and birds and are occasionally transmitted to mammals. As arboviruses are currently expanding their geographic range and emerging in often unpredictable locations, surveillance is considered an important element of preparedness. To determine whether sera collected from resident and migratory birds in the Netherlands as part of avian influenza surveillance would also represent an effective source for proactive arbovirus surveillance, a random selection of such sera was screened for WNV antibodies using a commercial ELISA...
July 7, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680887/identification-of-factors-predicting-scar-outcome-after-burn-injury-in-children-a-prospective-case-control-study
#12
Hilary J Wallace, Mark W Fear, Margaret M Crowe, Lisa J Martin, Fiona M Wood
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of rigorous research investigating the factors that influence scar outcome in children. Improved clinical decision-making to reduce the health burden due to post-burn scarring in children will be guided by evidence on risk factors and risk stratification. This study aimed to examine the association between selected patient, injury and clinical factors and the development of raised scar after burn injury. Novel patient factors were investigated including selected immunological co-morbidities (asthma, eczema and diabetes type 1 and type 2) and skin pigmentation (Fitzpatrick skin type)...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676498/health-and-death-literacy-and-cultural-diversity-insights-from-hospital-employed-interpreters
#13
Barbara Hayes, Anne Marie Fabri, Maria Coperchini, Rafatullah Parkar, Zoe Austin-Crowe
OBJECTIVES: 001225The aim of this qualitative study is to better understand, through the experiences and insights of hospital interpreters, how people from culturally and linguistic diverse (CALD) communities might respond to advance care planning (ACP) and end-of-life discussions. METHODS: Hospital interpreters from five Melbourne metropolitan health services were recruited for in-depth semi-structured interviews that explored the question, 'What can be learnt from hospital interpreters about cultural issues related to ACP and end-of-life decision-making?' Thirty-nine interpreters, representing 22 language groups, were interviewed...
July 4, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672376/cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-computer-assisted-intervention-delivered-by-educators-for-children-with-speech-sound-disorders
#14
Sharynne McLeod, Elise Baker, Jane McCormack, Yvonne Wren, Sue Roulstone, Kathryn Crowe, Sarah Masso, Paul White, Charlotte Howland
Purpose: The aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of computer-assisted input-based intervention for children with speech sound disorders (SSD). Method: The Sound Start Study was a cluster-randomized controlled trial. Seventy-nine early childhood centers were invited to participate, 45 were recruited, and 1,205 parents and educators of 4- and 5-year-old children returned questionnaires. Children whose parents and educators had concerns about speech were assessed (n = 275); 132 children who were identified with phonological pattern-based errors underwent additional assessment...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669137/effects-of-benazepril-on-survival-of-dogs-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-multicenter-randomized-blinded-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#15
J N King, A Font, J-F Rousselot, R A Ash, U Bonfanti, C Brovida, I D Crowe, D Lanore, D Pechereau, W Seewald, G Strehlau
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in dogs. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy in prolonging survival and safety of benazepril administration to dogs with CKD. ANIMALS: Forty-nine client-owned dogs with CKD. METHODS: Dogs were randomized to benazepril (0.25 to <0.5 mg/kg) or placebo once daily for up to 2 years in a prospective, multicenter, blinded clinical trial...
July 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663391/equalisation-of-leg-lengths-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-for-patients-with-crowe-type-iv-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-classification-and-management
#16
Y Li, X Zhang, Q Wang, X Peng, Q Wang, Y Jiang, Y Chen
AIMS: There is no consensus about the best method of achieving equal leg lengths at total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with Crowe type-IV developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). We reviewed our experience of a consecutive series of patients who underwent THA for this indication. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 78 patients (86 THAs) with Crowe type-IV DDH, including 64 women and 14 men, with a minimum follow-up of two years. The mean age at the time of surgery was 52...
July 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663208/is-it-possible-to-develop-a-universal-influenza-virus-vaccine-potential-for-a-universal-influenza-vaccine
#17
James E Crowe
Development of optimal vaccines for influenza is challenging, in part as a result of the high antigenic variability in field strains associated with genetic shift from reassortment and genetic drift from point mutations. Discovery of conserved antigenic sites on the hemagglutinin (HA) protein for neutralizing antibodies suggested the possibility that influenza vaccines could be developed that induce focused antibody responses to the conserved neutralizing determinants, especially the HA stem region. Recent studies have focused on the antigenicity and immunogenicity of such domains, using monoclonal antibodies and candidate-engineered HA stem-based vaccines...
June 29, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660117/comparing-geographic-area-based-and-classical-population-based-incidence-and-prevalence-rates-and-their-confidence-intervals
#18
Ding-Geng Chen
To quantify the HIV epidemic, the classical population-based prevalence and incidence rates (P rates) are the two most commonly used measures used for policy interventions. However, these P rates ignore the heterogeneity of the size of geographic region where the population resides. It is intuitive that with the same P rates, the likelihood for HIV can be much greater to spread in a population residing in a crowed small urban area than the same number of population residing in a large rural area. With this limitation, Chen and Wang (2017) proposed the geographic area-based rates (G rates) to complement the classical P rates...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658936/associations-of-multimorbid-medical-conditions-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-older-african-american-men
#19
Olivio J Clay, Martinique Perkins, Gail Wallace, Michael Crowe, Patricia Sawyer, Cynthia J Brown
Background: African American (AA) men battling multiple morbidities are tasked with managing the components of each condition and are at greater risk for adverse outcomes such as poor health-related quality of life (QOL), disability, and higher mortality rates. Method: Baseline data for AA men from the University of Alabama at Birmingham Study of Aging were utilized. Factor analysis was used to categorize medical conditions and create factor scores. Covariate-adjusted regression models assessed the relationships between categories of conditions and physical and mental health-related QOL as assessed by the SF-12...
June 27, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657802/exiting-the-emergency-medical-services-profession-and-characteristics-associated-with-intent-to-return-to-practice
#20
Rebecca E Cash, Remle P Crowe, Riddhima Agarwal, Severo A Rodriguez, Ashish R Panchal
OBJECTIVE: Inadequate staffing of agencies, increasing attrition rates, and frequent turnover of personnel make employee retention an ongoing concern for Emergency Medical Services (EMS). Faced with increasing demand for EMS, understanding the causes underlying turnover is critical. The objectives of this study were to describe the proportion of individuals that left EMS, likelihood of returning to the profession, and key factors contributing to the decision to leave EMS. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of nationally-certified EMS professionals who left EMS...
June 28, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
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