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Hashimoto thyreoiditis

Barbora Krajsová, Tomáš Tichý
We describe the case of a 58-year-old woman with giant cell interstitial pneumonia without any history of exposure to hard metals. Giant cell interstitial pneumonia (GIP) is a rare interstitial lung disease characterized by the presence of numerous multinucleated giant cells in the alveolar spaces. Currently GIP is regarded as secondary interstitial pneumonia. While it has become almost synonymous with hard metal lung disease (cobalt pneumonitis), the literature has also included sporadic cases of GIP without exposure to hard metals...
June 2013: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
P Vlcek
Thyroid gland disorders, as the core of all endocrinopathies, affect 5-7% of the population of the Czech Republic, with women being affected 6-8 times more often than men. Clinically, thyreopathies are divided into hormonal production disorders and morphology disorders. Thyroid hormones fT3, fT4 and TSH serum levels determine the diagnosis of a thyroid gland disorder. Primary hypothyreosis is characterized by reduced fT4 and increased TSH. Low T3 syndrome is a protective reaction of the organism and is associated with conversion of T4 into hormonally inactive triiodothyronine (rT3)...
September 2011: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
F S Schreiber, T Ziob, M Vieth, H Elsbernd
HISTORY AND ADMISSION FINDINGS: A 49-year-old man presented with a four-week history of fatigue and physical weakness. He was of slender build (BMI 19,5 kg/m (2)) and pale. He also had vitiligo. Diabetes mellitus type 1 and Hashimoto thyreoiditis had been previously diagnosed. INVESTIGATIONS: Laboratory tests revealed iron deficiency anemia with depleted iron reserves (hemoglobin 5,9 g/dl; normal range 14,0 - 18,0). Vitamin B (12) and folic acid were also low. A probable cause was thought to be malabsorption...
January 2011: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Sandra Moslavac, Neven Matesa, Zvonko Kusić
Thyroid fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is the most accurate and cost effective method in the evaluation of the thyroid nodule and has been commonly used in adults. Thyroid nodules are uncommon in younger patients (1-2%). Our aim was to determine some relevant clinical and cytological parameters in this demographic group. Ultrasound-guided thyroid FNACs performed from May 1995 to June 2008 in patients under 18 years of age were retrospectively reviewed. The following clinical parameters were retrieved: age and gender, number of nodules, and nodule size...
March 2010: Collegium Antropologicum
R Gärtner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2009: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
Christina Nunnemann, Torsten Kratz
INTRODUCTION: Hashimoto encephalopathy is a rare disease that is associated with Hashimoto thyreoiditis. Dementia, disturbances of consciousness and epileptic seizures are the most common features. CASE REPORT: We report a case of Hashimoto encephalopathy in a 74-year-old woman who presented with psychotic episodes, visual hallucinations, dementia, tremor, rigidity and fluctuation of consciousness. After treatment with steroids, cognitive function became normal and other symptoms improved significantly...
October 2008: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
M Rössler, J M Klotz
Hashimoto's encephalopathy- or steroid responsive encephalopathy with autoimmune thyreoiditis (SREAT) - is a disease that can show multiple neurologic manifestations. So far, the pathogenesis of Hashimoto's encephalopathy is not clear. We report on a 47-year-old male patient suffering from a cerebral infarction of the right posterior cerebral artery within the framework of an angiographic confirmed cerebral vasculitis and an autoimmune thyreoiditis. The clinical presentation of the disease could hardly be distinguished from the symptoms of Hashimoto's encephalopathy...
March 2008: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
R Petkov, A Dimov, E Lefterov, A Kekhaĭov, M Popnikolov, A Atanasov
7264 patients with different thyreopathies have been analysed, as follows: Basedov's disease (446 = 6.13%), thyreotoxic adenoma (Plummer's disease - 974 = 14.4%), nodular struma (1077 - 14.82%), polynodular struma (3291 = 45.3%), Hashimoto's thyreoiditis (1476 = 20.31%). 2879 of them have been having indications of thyreotoxicosis 39.63%). Carcinoma has been found in 908 patients = 12.5%. In the different forms, carcinoma has been found in 5.15% of the cases of Basedov's disease, 5.03% of the cases of thyreotoxic adenoma, in 8...
2007: Khirurgiia
J Cáp, A Ryska
Fine needle aspiration cytology is a basic type of examination in thyreology today. It is primarily indicated for thyroid node to exclude a malignant tumour. The presence of multiple nodes or of one node only has shown to be indicative of the same amount of risk of a malignant tumour for the patient. Ultrasound characteristics are insufficient for the determination of the nature of the focus and all the existing nodes greater than 10 mm are an indication for puncture. As for other diseases, aspiration cytology is indicated in granulomatose thyreoiditis, while in Hashimoto thyreoiditis it is usually indicated only if a node is present...
July 2007: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Mirjana Lapcević
Autoimmune thyroid disease (ATD) is a multifactorial, genetic disease. It is the sequelae of the impaired immunoregulation, tolerance and poor recognition of one's own proteins, oligopolysaccharides and polypeptides, due to development of somatic lymphocyte mutations. It is manifested by different clinical and morphological entities, inter-related by etiopathogenetic association, i.e., all of them are caused by disorder of immune system regulation. Chronic autoimmune thyroidism (Thyreoiditis lymphocytaria Hashimoto, HT), as well as immunogenic hyperthyroidism (Morbus Graves Basedow, MGB) are frequently associated with autoimmune diseases of other organs, such as: chronic insufficiency of salivary glands (Sy Sjögren), autoimmune hemolytic anemia, megalocytic pernicious anemia, thrombocytopenia, Rheumatoid arthritis, Diabetes mellitus (more often type 2, but also type 1), Morbus Addison, Coeliakia, and other autoimmune diseases such as systemic diseases of connecting tissue (Lupus erythematosus-SLE, Sclerodermia, Vasculitis superficialis)...
October 2005: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
Ts E Karseladze, V V Meunargiia, D S Metreveli, Ts N Chagiashvili, N T Chechelashvili
The study of distribution of HLA antigens among Georgian population in case of autoimmune thyreoiditis revealed a statistically significant association of HLA-B8 antigen with autoimmune thyreoiditis. For statistical analysis we used following criterion: relative risk, attributive risk, preventive fraction, correlation coefficient and immunogenetic correction (P). Without compatibility to these criteria, there were no associations of the HLA antigens with the diseases. Although 8 of the antigens gave relative risk more than one, but only HLA B8 gave real association with autoimmune thyreoiditis...
January 2005: Georgian Medical News
J Schedel, S Mayer, M Woenckhaus, E Kiss, J Schölmerich, G Rogler
HISTORY AND ADMISSION FINDINGS: A 51-year-old woman was admitted because of relapsing episodes of fever and leg ulcers for 14 years. In addition, she had polyserositis, polyarthralgias and polyarthritides, renal failure with proteinuria and elevation of gamma-GT and alkaline phosphatase. The patient was in a reduced general condition and cachectic nutritional state. She had slight scleral icterus, the liver being palpable 5 cm under the costal margin, edema of the lower limbs and two ulcers at the right foot...
November 5, 2004: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Jaromír Astl, Marcela Dvoráková, Petr Vlcek, David Veselý, Petr Matucha, Jan Betka
Authors present 114 children and adolescents of the total 3865 patients that underwent surgery on the Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Department of Otorhinolaryngology of IPVZ, Prague because of a thyroid disease in years 1991-2000. The male/female ratio in the group was 1:6.5, 16 (13.9%) males and 99 (86.1%) females. For non-malignant disease, the male/female ratio was 1:6.5 and for malignant disease, it was 1:5.4. Thyroid surgery was indicated for non-malignant disease in 82 (71...
October 2004: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Anna Kalicka-Kasperczyk, Hanna Dziatkowiak, Anna Bartnik-Mikuta, Anna Pituch-Noworolska, Krzysztof Kasperczyk, Joanna Nazim, Krystyna Sztefko, Jerzy Starzyk
The objective of the authors was to evaluate the prevalence of TPO Ab and thyroid diseases in children with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes. The examination included 153 patients (85/55.6% girls) from southeast Poland aged 11 months to do 17.4 years (mean age 9.5 +/- 3.9 years). Apart from clinical assessment, all children had determinations made of serum TPO Ab, FT4 and TSH, while thyroid ultra sound was performed in each patients with abnormal thyroid morphology and/or positive TPO Ab titter. Positive TPO Ab was detected in 45 patients (29...
2002: Przegla̧d Lekarski
J Macák, M Rydlová, J Horácek, J Dvorácková
A 51-year-old woman was admitted for a painless enlargement of the thyroid lasting over 6 months. Hashimoto's thyreoiditis was diagnosed and three tumors were found: oncocytic carcinoma, malignant lymphoma and papillary carcinoma. In the right lobe, oncocytic carcinoma and high grade malignant lymphoma composed of cells with irregular, lobulated nuclei were found. The lymphoma was confined to the thyroid gland. The oncocytic carcinoma invaded the capsule and the surrounding tissues. In the left lobe, there was a papillary carcinoma...
January 2001: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
F König, C von Hippel, T Petersdorff, W Kaschka
Whereas clinical relevant hypo- as well as hyperthyreosis are strongly suspected to induce psychiatric symptoms, there is a controversy about the relevance of only subclinical and autoimmune findings. We found autoantibodies (MAK, TAK, TRAK) in a high percentage (100 out of 144 = 70%) in severely depressed inpatients. Also we found a Hashimoto thyreoiditis in 5 patients. In the long run this may lead to relevant hypothyreosis which is regarded to be a risk factor for depression and for possible non-response in medical treatment...
1999: Acta Medica Austriaca
D Mayer, B Miller-Hänisch, A Böckh, R Hehrmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1997: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
F A Horster
Different forms of hyperthyreosis have to be distinguished: Frequent forms: Basedow's disease (Graves' disease, autoimmunogenic hyperthyreosis), Plummer's disease (focal or disseminated functional autonomy). Rare forms: Hyperthyreosis with thyreoiditis. This 'morphologic' hyperthyreosis is due to a destruction caused by an infection combined with a release of the thyroid hormones. This transitory hyperthyreosis can be observed particularly in the beginning of a thyreoiditis De Quervain. The treatment of the inflammation eliminates the hyperthyreosis...
February 1995: Zeitschrift Für ärztliche Fortbildung
J Feldkamp, F A Horster
A. A dysfunction of the thyroid gland can be safely excluded when the local finding of the thyroid gland, perhaps including an ultrasound, is normal and the TSH-levels are unchanged (between 0.4 and 4.0 microE/ml). B. A hyperthyreosis can be proven in 98% when TSH is suppressed (possibly a negative TSH-test) and the T3 levels and the FT3 levels, respectively, are elevated. Following examinations are necessary for the further diagnostics: When a Base-dow hyperthyreosis is suspected, T4, TR and TPO antibodies should be measured and an ultrasound obtained...
February 1995: Zeitschrift Für ärztliche Fortbildung
V Zeman, J Kral, J Hanika
Bilateral phaeochromocytoma was histologically recorded from a primigravida and primipara, 22 years of ager, who had died 13 hours after precipitate spontaneous birth of a living mature child. Mucosal neurofibroma on the tongue and solid medullary carcinoma of the thyroid gland with amyloid, associated with Hashimoto's lymphocytic thyreoiditis, were additional findings. Coincidence of such carcinoma with Hashimoto's thyreoiditis so far has not been described in international literature. When the abdominal cavity was relieved of pressure after parturition, bleeding started into the phaeochromocytoma on the left side...
1980: Zentralblatt Für Gynäkologie
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