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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911106/time-course-of-conjunctival-hyperemia-induced-by-a-rho-kinase-inhibitor-anti-glaucoma-eye-drop-ripasudil-0-4
#1
Etsuko Terao, Shunsuke Nakakura, Yasuko Fujisawa, Yuki Fujio, Kanae Matsuya, Yui Kobayashi, Hitoshi Tabuchi, Tsuyoshi Yoneda, Atsuki Fukushima, Yoshiaki Kiuchi
PURPOSE: We investigated the detailed time course of conjunctival hyperemia induced by ripasudil 0.4%, a novel Rho-kinase inhibitor anti-glaucoma eye drop, in healthy subjects. METHODS: We recruited 51 healthy subjects and administered ripasudil 0.4% in their right eye. We evaluated conjunctival hyperemia using slit lamp photography and measured the intraocular pressure (IOP) using the Icare PRO Rebound Tonometer at baseline and after 5, 15, 30, 60, 90, and 120 min...
December 2, 2016: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909197/severity-assessment-in-rabbits-after-partial-hepatectomy-part-ii
#2
N Drude, K Pawlowsky, H Tanaka, K Fukushima, B Kögel, R H Tolba
Although the recognition of pain, distress and discomfort has already been described in 1985 by Morton and Griffiths there is still very little known about the establishment of score sheets especially, regarding post-surgical pain and severity assessment for laboratory animals such as rabbits. In this paper we describe the estimation of severity and recovery status of 36 female New Zealand White rabbits (NZW) in a standardized liver resection model using two different adhesive treatments and one control group...
December 2016: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909196/recommendation-for-severity-assessment-following-liver-resection-and-liver-transplantation-in-rats-part-i
#3
S Kanzler, A Rix, Z Czigany, H Tanaka, K Fukushima, B Kögel, K Pawlowsky, R H Tolba
Score sheets were first introduced 30 years ago to assess pain, distress and suffering in animals. To date, however, there is still no general agreement on their use in research practice, and only a few publications can be found on this topic. In the present work, we demonstrate the use of a special score sheet for severity assessment in the first three postoperative days in two showcased studies performed on Wistar and Lewis rats undergoing liver resection or orthotopic liver transplantation, respectively...
December 2016: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906787/temporal-variations-of-air-dose-rates-in-east-fukushima-during-japanese-fiscal-years-2012-and-2013
#4
Kazuhiro Akimoto
Temporal variations of ambient air dose rates in eastern Fukushima prefecture during Japanese fiscal years 2012 and 2013 are analyzed. The average overall variation rate of air dose rates in east Fukushima during the examined period is found to be 0.49 (51% down) compared to the theoretically predicted value 0.65 (35% down) based on physical decay of radioactive cesium nuclides. On average, local dose rates declined almost linearly for the relatively short period. Temporal characteristics of air dose rates may be classified into variation rates, peaks, spikes, and oscillations...
January 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902952/simple-40-k-removal-by-acidified-water-leaching-for-estimating-low-levels-of-radiocesium-in-fishery-products-following-fukushima-dai-ichi-nuclear-power-plant-accident
#5
M Inoue, S Yamashita, K Fujimoto, H Kofuji, S Miki, S Nagao
We developed a simple method for (40)K removal by acidified water leaching combined with ammonium phosphomolybdate coprecipitation, for estimating low levels of radiocesium in Japanese flounder. (40)K removal from ashed samples was approximately 98%, with the radiocesium yield of ~98%. The treatment reduced the γ-spectral baseline to ~1/5 at ground and ~3/100 at underground levels (1.04 and 0.11 cph/keV, respectively). Faint signal of (134)Cs, which is embedded in the Compton continuum of (40)K in an untreated sample, was detected...
November 15, 2016: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899786/-a-case-of-an-abdominal-desmoplastic-small-round-cell-tumor-with-metastasis-in-the-medulla-oblongata
#6
Ayaka Azami, Yoshinao Takano, Michitaka Honda, Yukitoshi Todate, Takeshi Tada, Mitsuru Waragai, Daizo Fukushima, Nobuyasu Suzuki, Atai Sato, Tsuyoshi Abe, Yasushi Teranishi, Hideo Sakuma
A desmoplastic small round cell tumor(DSRCT)is a very rare malignant tumor that mainly occurs in the intra-abdominal cavity in young adults.This neoplasm has an extremely poor prognosis, with a clinical course characterized by rapid progression and metastasis.We present a 31-year-old man who presented with chief complaints of dysphagia, ataxic gait, and hoarseness.He first underwent surgical resection of a tumor in the medulla oblongata; however, the lesion was suspected to be a metastatic neoplasm.Following a thorough medical examination, the patient was diagnosed with retroperitoneal DSRCT with multiple metastatic lesions...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897189/a-design-principle-of-polymers-processable-into-2d-homeotropic-order
#7
Zhen Chen, Yi-Tsu Chan, Daigo Miyajima, Takashi Kajitani, Atsuko Kosaka, Takanori Fukushima, Jose M Lobez, Takuzo Aida
How to orient polymers homeotropically in thin films has been a long-standing issue in polymer science because polymers intrinsically prefer to lie down. Here we provide a design principle for polymers that are processable into a 2D homeotropic order. The key to this achievement was a recognition that cylindrical polymers can be designed to possess oppositely directed local dipoles in their cross-section, which possibly force polymers to tightly connect bilaterally, affording a 2D rectangular assembly. With a physical assistance of the surface grooves on Teflon sheets that sandwich polymer samples, homeotropic ordering is likely nucleated and gradually propagates upon hot-pressing towards the interior of the film...
November 29, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895097/mass-media-communication-of-emergency-issues-and-countermeasures-in-a-nuclear-accident-fukushima-reporting-in-european-newspapers
#8
Eduardo Gallego, Marie Claire Cantone, Deborah H Oughton, Tanja Perko, Iztok Prezelj, Yevgeniya Tomkiv
This paper presents the results of a large study of 1340 articles published by two major newspapers in six European countries (Belgium, Italy, Norway, Slovenia, Spain and Russia) in the first 2 months after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. The focus of the analysis is on the application and overall impact of protective actions, both during the emergency phase and later, how the newspapers describe those actions, which differences were apparent between countries and what recommendations can be extracted in order to improve general communication about these issues...
November 28, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893457/core-ethical-values-of-radiological-protection-applied-to-fukushima-case-reflecting-common-morality-and-cultural-diversities
#9
Chieko Kurihara, Kunwoo Cho, Richard E Toohey
The International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) has established Task Group 94 (TG94) to develop a publication to clarify the ethical foundations of the radiological protection system it recommends. This TG identified four core ethical values which structure the system: beneficence and non-maleficence, prudence, justice, and dignity. Since the ICRP is an international organization, its recommendations and guidance should be globally applicable and acceptable. Therefore, first this paper presents the basic principles of the ICRP radiological protection system and its core ethical values, along with a reflection on the variation of these values in Western and Eastern cultural traditions...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893450/parental-wishes-for-continued-internal-radiation-contamination-screenings-in-fukushima-schoolchildren
#10
Claire Leppold, Masaharu Tsubokura, Yukio Kanazawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2016: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889079/preface-to-a-special-issue-japanese-national-mapping-projects-on-large-scale-environmental-monitoring-and-mapping-in-fukushima-volume-2
#11
EDITORIAL
Kimiaki Saito, Yuichi Onda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888587/tuberculosis-caused-by-mycobacterium-orygis-in-dairy-cattle-and-captured-monkeys-in-bangladesh-a-new-scenario-of-tuberculosis-in-south-asia
#12
Z Rahim, J Thapa, Y Fukushima, A G M van der Zanden, S V Gordon, Y Suzuki, C Nakajima
Mycobacterium orygis, commonly known as the oryx bacillus and a newly proposed Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex subspecies, was isolated from 18 cattle in a dairy farm and two captured rhesus monkeys in a zoo in Bangladesh. All the infected animals had tuberculosis lesions in their lungs, suggesting transmission and infection with M. orygis by an airborne route. The 20 isolates were analysed using a range of conventional and molecular typing methods, and RD-deletion typing and sequencing of selected genes confirmed the isolates as M...
November 25, 2016: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888168/estimating-the-duration-of-public-concern-after-the-fukushima-dai-ichi-nuclear-power-station-accident-from-the-occurrence-of-radiation-exposure-related-terms-on-twitter-a-retrospective-data-analysis
#13
Naoki Nishimoto, Mizuki Ota, Ayako Yagahara, Katsuhiko Ogasawara
BACKGROUND: After the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station accident in Japan on March 11, 2011, a large number of comments, both positive and negative, were posted on social media. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to clarify the characteristics of the trend in the number of tweets posted on Twitter, and to estimate how long public concern regarding the accident continued. We surveyed the attenuation period of the first term occurrence related to radiation exposure as a surrogate endpoint for the duration of concern...
November 25, 2016: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886996/a-comparison-of-remediation-after-the-chernobyl-and-fukushima-daiichi-accidents
#14
Sergey Fesenko, Mikhail Balonov, Gerhard Pröhl, Shinichi Nakayama, Brenda J Howard
Extensive remediation was conducted on contaminated landscapes after the Chernobyl accident in 1986 and the Fukushima Daiichi accident in 2011. A comparison is made of a range of different features relevant to each accident including the characteristics of the contamination and the landscapes affected, the radiological criteria, the designation of areas to be remediated and the remediation measures adopted.
November 24, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886994/development-of-northeast-asia-nuclear-power-plant-accident-simulator
#15
Juyub Kim, Juyoul Kim, Li-Chi Cliff Po
A conclusion from the lessons learned after the March 2011 Fukushima Daiichi accident was that Korea needs a tool to estimate consequences from a major accident that could occur at a nuclear power plant located in a neighboring country. This paper describes a suite of computer-based codes to be used by Korea's nuclear emergency response staff for training and potentially operational support in Korea's national emergency preparedness and response program. The systems of codes, Northeast Asia Nuclear Accident Simulator (NANAS), consist of three modules: source-term estimation, atmospheric dispersion prediction and dose assessment...
November 24, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885545/optimization-of-scan-initiation-timing-after-11-c-methionine-administration-for-the-diagnosis-of-suspected-recurrent-brain-tumors
#16
Reiko Nakajima, Koichiro Abe, Mitsuru Momose, Kenji Fukushima, Yuka Matsuo, Ken Kimura, Chisato Kondo, Shuji Sakai
OBJECTIVE: (11)C-Methionine (MET) positron emission tomography (PET) imaging is a valuable technique for the evaluation of primary and recurrent brain tumors. Many studies have used MET-PET for data acquisition starting at 20 min after the tracer injection, while others have used scan initiation times at 5-15 min postinjection. No previous studies have identified the best acquisition timing during MET-PET imaging for suspected recurrent brain tumors. Here we sought to determine the optimal scan initiating timing after MET administration for the detection of recurrent brain tumors...
November 24, 2016: Annals of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885092/nuclear-and-radiological-preparedness-the-achievements-of-the-european-research-project-prepare
#17
Thierry Schneider, Florian Gering, Sylvie Charron, Mark Zhelezniak, Spyros Andronopoulos, Gilles Heriard-Dubreuil, Johan Camps, Wolfgang Raskob
The PREPARE project aimed closing gaps identified in nuclear and radiological preparedness in Europe following the first evaluation of the Fukushima disaster. With 46 partners from Europe and Japan, it collected the key players in the area of emergency management and rehabilitation preparedness. Starting from February 2013, the project ended in January 2016. Among others, the project reviewed existing operational procedures for long-lasting releases, cross-border problems in radiation monitoring and food safety and further developed missing functionalities in decision support systems ranging from improved source term estimation and dispersion modelling to the inclusion of hydrological pathways for European water bodies...
November 24, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885080/importance-of-engaging-in-dialogue-with-the-population-after-a-nuclear-accident
#18
Hans Vanmarcke
Human behaviour is primarily driven by perceptions and this is particularly important in the aftermath of a nuclear accident. One of the main lessons we can draw from the Chernobyl and Fukushima accidents is that once the acute phase of the accident is over, it is important to engage in dialogue with the affected population. Science-based government measures, imposed from above, give rise to much opposition. Examples of this are the aversion of having to live in a contaminated territory, the reluctance of consumers to buy even slightly contaminated food and the opposition of most evacuees to return to their old homes...
November 24, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882285/reliability-of-digital-reactor-protection-system-based-on-extenics
#19
Jing Zhao, Ya-Nan He, Peng-Fei Gu, Wei-Hua Chen, Feng Gao
After the Fukushima nuclear accident, safety of nuclear power plants (NPPs) is widespread concerned. The reliability of reactor protection system (RPS) is directly related to the safety of NPPs, however, it is difficult to accurately evaluate the reliability of digital RPS. The method is based on estimating probability has some uncertainties, which can not reflect the reliability status of RPS dynamically and support the maintenance and troubleshooting. In this paper, the reliability quantitative analysis method based on extenics is proposed for the digital RPS (safety-critical), by which the relationship between the reliability and response time of RPS is constructed...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881162/residence-related-factors-and-psychological-distress-among-evacuees-after-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-plant-accident-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Naoko Horikoshi, Hajime Iwasa, Norito Kawakami, Yuriko Suzuki, Seiji Yasumura
BACKGROUND: Relocation following a disaster can impact the psychological well-being of evacuees. This study investigated the associations between residence-related factors and psychological distress among evacuees living in temporary housing after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. METHODS: Data from 525 participants living in temporary housing were collected. Associations between residence-related factors (frequent relocation, dissatisfaction with the residence, and plan to move to permanent housing) and psychological distress were measured...
November 24, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
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