keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

fukushima

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679942/radiocesium-concentrations-in-soil-and-leaf-after-decontamination-practices-in-a-forest-plantation-highly-polluted-by-the-fukushima-accident
#1
Manuel López-Vicente, Yuichi Onda, Junko Takahashi, Hiroaki Kato, Shinya Chayama, Keigo Hisadome
Owing to the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident a vast amount of radiocesium was released polluting the land. Afterwards, a variety of decontamination practices has been done, reducing the ambient dose rates. In this study we evaluated the effectiveness of eight forest decontamination practices by means of monitoring the radiocesium (137 Cs) concentration in soil and leaf samples, and the daily discharge rates in ten plots during 27 months (May 2013-July 2015). A forest plantation located 16 km southwest to the FDNPP and within the exclusion area was selected...
April 18, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679565/activation-of-tlr3-and-its-adaptor-ticam-1-increases-mir-21-levels-in-extracellular-vesicles-released-from-human-cells
#2
Yoshimi Fukushima, Masaaki Okamoto, Kana Ishikawa, Takahisa Kouwaki, Hirotake Tsukamoto, Hiroyuki Oshiumi
Pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs) recognizes viral RNAs and trigger the innate immune responses. Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3), a PRR, recognizes viral double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) in endolysosomes, whereas cytoplasmic dsRNA is sensed by another PRR, MDA5. TLR3 and MDA5 utilize TICAM-1 and MAVS, respectively, to trigger the signal for inducing innate immune responses. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) include the exosomes and microvesicles; an accumulating body of evidence has shown that EVs delivers functional RNA, such as microRNAs (miRNAs), to other cells and thus mediate intercellular communications...
April 18, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673276/introduction
#3
Diego Andina, Kunihiko Fukushima, Javier Ropero Peláez, Duc Truong Pham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: International Journal of Neural Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672518/shear-wave-elastography-predicts-hepatocellular-carcinoma-risk-in-hepatitis-c-patients-after-sustained-virological-response
#4
Koichi Hamada, Satoshi Saitoh, Noriyuki Nishino, Daizo Fukushima, Yoshinori Horikawa, Shinya Nishida, Michitaka Honda
AIM: To evaluate the relationship between fibrosis and HCC after sustained virological response (SVR) to treatment for chronic hepatitis C (HCV). METHODS: This single-center study retrospectively evaluated 196 patients who achieved SVR after HCV infection. The associations of risk factors with HCC development after HCV eradication were evaluated using univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression models. RESULTS: Among the 196 patients, 8 patients (4...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670101/neural-like-computing-with-populations-of-superparamagnetic-basis-functions
#5
Alice Mizrahi, Tifenn Hirtzlin, Akio Fukushima, Hitoshi Kubota, Shinji Yuasa, Julie Grollier, Damien Querlioz
In neuroscience, population coding theory demonstrates that neural assemblies can achieve fault-tolerant information processing. Mapped to nanoelectronics, this strategy could allow for reliable computing with scaled-down, noisy, imperfect devices. Doing so requires that the population components form a set of basis functions in terms of their response functions to inputs, offering a physical substrate for computing. Such a population can be implemented with CMOS technology, but the corresponding circuits have high area or energy requirements...
April 18, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668971/mental-health-of-nurses-after-the-fukushima-complex-disaster-a-narrative-review
#6
Hiroshi Nukui, Sanae Midorikawa, Michio Murakami, Masaharu Maeda, Akira Ohtsuru
Work-related mental health impairment is recognized as a real problem in the context of helping responders, including health professionals, due to adverse health outcomes after a severe disaster. The Great East-Japan Earthquake, which occurred on 11 March 2011, was an unprecedented complex disaster that caused a nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP). In addition to disaster stress and daily work, medical and health-care professionals, particularly nurses, provided counseling services to residents concerned about radiation health risks or mental health issues...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665766/relationship-between-synovial-inflammatory-cytokines-and-progression-of-osteoarthritis-after-hip-arthroscopy-experimental-assessment
#7
Kensuke Fukushima, Gen Inoue, Kentaro Uchida, Hisako Fujimaki, Masayuki Miyagi, Naoshige Nagura, Katsufumi Uchiyama, Naonobu Takahira, Masashi Takaso
PURPOSE: Synovial membrane inflammation is the most commonly presenting finding during hip arthroscopy and may have a role in the pathomechanism of hip osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between synovial cytokine levels and progression of OA after hip arthroscopy. METHODS: We prospectively examined 20 patients (20 hips) who underwent arthroscopic hip surgery. For all patients, radiographs and severity of pain were evaluated preoperatively...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665576/radiocesium-interaction-with-clay-minerals-theory-and-simulation-advances-post-fukushima
#8
Masahiko Okumura, Sebastien Kerisit, Ian C Bourg, Laura N Lammers, Takashi Ikeda, Michel Sassi, Kevin M Rosso, Masahiko Machida
Insights at the microscopic level of the process of radiocesium adsorption and interaction with clay mineral particles have improved substantially over the past several years, triggered by pressing social issues such as management of huge amounts of waste soil accumulated after the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant accident. In particular, computer-based molecular modeling supported by advanced hardware and algorithms has proven to be a powerful approach. Its application can now generally encompass the full complexity of clay particle adsorption sites from basal surfaces to interlayers with inserted water molecules, to edges including fresh and weathered frayed ones...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664960/long-term-outcomes-of-patients-evacuated-from-hospitals-near-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-plant-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#9
Yutaka Igarashi, Takashi Tagami, Jun Hagiwara, Takahiro Kanaya, Norihiro Kido, Mariko Omura, Ryoichi Tosa, Hiroyuki Yokota
INTRODUCTION: After the accident of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant due to the Great East Japan Earthquake in March 2011, the Japanese government issued a mandatory evacuation order for people living within a 20 km radius of the nuclear power plant. The aim of the current study was to investigate long-term outcomes of these patients and identify factors related to mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who were evacuated from hospitals near the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant to the Aizu Chuo Hospital from 15 to 26 March, 2011 were included in this study...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661467/paradoxical-reaction-of-tuberculosis-in-a-heart-transplant-recipient-during-antituberculosis-therapy-a-case-report
#10
A Wakamiya, O Seguchi, A Shionoiri, Y Kumai, K Kuroda, S Nakajima, M Yanase, S Matsuda, K Wada, Y Matsumoto, S Fukushima, T Fujita, J Kobayashi, N Fukushima
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculous paradoxical reactions (PRs) are excessive immune reactions occurring after antituberculosis (TB) treatment and are commonly observed in immunocompromised hosts such as patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. CASE REPORT: We recently encountered a 63-year-old male heart transplant recipient who developed tuberculous PR after treatment for miliary TB. The patient had been receiving immunosuppressive therapy with cyclosporine and mycophenolate mofetil for over 15 years...
April 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659943/cooperation-process-between-a-local-government-and-experts-in-official-voluntary-decontamination-of-environmental-radioactivity
#11
Takeshi Iimoto, Hirofumi Fujii, Seiichi Someya, Hajime Matsuzawa, Yukihide Yanagawa, Kiyoshi Kunii
Kashiwa city, inside the Tokyo metropolitan area and located ~200 km south of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, received a raised environmental ambient radiation dose due to the disaster relative to the rest of area. In this paper, the challenging process of the official voluntary decontamination activity in Kashiwa city, Chiba prefecture, which was carried out with strong cooperation between a local government and experts, is described and reviewed in terms of the effectiveness of the radiation protection...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658770/the-new-mandate-and-work-of-icrp-committee-4
#12
D A Cool
Committee 4 of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) is charged with the development of principles and recommendations on radiological protection of people and the environment in all exposure situations. For the term beginning in July 2017, the Committee has a total of 18 members from 12 countries. The programme of work includes a wide range of activities in five major thematic areas. The first is the consolidation and preparation of reports elaborating application of the system of protection in existing exposure situations...
January 1, 2018: Annals of the ICRP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658296/medical-and-health-surveillance-in-postaccident-recovery-experience-after-fukushima
#13
K Tanigawa
The accident at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant occurred following the huge tsunami and earthquake of 11 March 2011. After the accident, there was considerable uncertainty and concern about the health effects of radiation. In this difficult situation, emergency responses, including large-scale evacuation, were implemented. The Fukushima Health Management Survey (FHMS) was initiated 3 months after the accident. The primary purposes of FHMS were to monitor the long-term health of residents, promote their well-being, and monitor any health effects related to long-term, low-dose radiation exposure...
January 1, 2018: Annals of the ICRP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657724/quality-of-dispatch-assisted-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-by-lay-rescuers-following-a-standard-protocol-in-japan-an-observational-simulation-study
#14
Hideki Asai, Hidetada Fukushima, Francesco Bolstad, Kazuo Okuchi
Aim: Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is essential for improving the outcomes of sudden cardiac arrest patients. It has been reported that dispatch-assisted CPR (DACPR) accounts for more than half of the incidence of CPR undertaken by bystanders. Its quality, however, can be suboptimal. We aimed to measure the quality of DACPR using a simulation study. Methods: We recruited laypersons at a shopping mall and measured the quality of CPR carried out in our simulation...
April 2018: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653323/potential-risk-of-coupling-products-between-tetrahalobisphenol-a-and-humic-acid-prepared-via-oxidation-with-a-biomimetic-catalyst
#15
Ritsu Kodama, Kazuto Sazawa, Takafumi Miyamoto, Qianqian Zhu, Mami Igarashi, Kohki Oda, Hideki Kuramitz, Masami Fukushima
Tetrahalobisphenol A (TXPBAs, X = Br or Cl), TBBPA and TCBPA, which are widely used as flame retardants, ultimately disposed of in landfills. In landfills, enzymatically oxidized TXBPAs can be covalently incorporated into humic acids (HAs) to form coupling products (HA-TXBPAs). In the present study, HA-TXBPAs were prepared by catalytic oxidation with iron(III)-phthalocyanine-tetrasulfate as a model of oxidative enzymes. The stability of HA-TXBPAs was evaluated by incubating them under physicochemical conditions of landfills (pH 9 and 50 °C)...
April 4, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652175/the-work-programme-of-neris-in-post-accident-recovery
#16
T Schneider, S Andronopoulos, J Camps, T Duranova, E Gallego, F Gering, O Isnard, M Maître, C Murith, D Oughton, W Raskob
NERIS is the European platform on preparedness for nuclear and radiological emergency response and recovery. Created in 2010 with 57 organisations from 28 different countries, the objectives of the platform are to: improve the effectiveness and coherency of current approaches to preparedness; identify further development needs; improve 'know how' and technical expertise; and establish a forum for dialogue and methodological development. The NERIS Strategic Research Agenda is now structured with three main challenges: (i) radiological impact assessments during all phases of nuclear and radiological events; (ii) countermeasures and countermeasure strategies in emergency and recovery, decision support, and disaster informatics; and (iii) setting up a multi-faceted framework for preparedness for emergency response and recovery...
January 1, 2018: Annals of the ICRP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651916/assessment-of-exposure-risk-of-irinotecan-and-its-active-metabolite-sn-38-through-perspiration-during-chemotherapy
#17
Kei Irie, Akira Okada, Yoshio Masuda, Keizo Fukushima, Nobuyuki Sugioka, Chiyuki Okuda, Akito Hata, Reiko Kaji, Yutaka Okada, Nobuyuki Katakami, Shoji Fukushima
Background Irinotecan (CPT-11) is the key drug used in chemotherapy for many malignant tumors. CPT-11 has cholinergic activity and induces perspiration during intravenous administration. In this study, concentrations of CPT-11 and its active metabolite, SN-38, released during perspiration were measured and risk of exposure of these drugs was assessed. Method Beads of sweat were collected using a dropper from four patients undergoing a chemotherapy regimen involving intravenous administration of CPT-11. The concentrations of CPT-11 and SN-38 in sweat were measured using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651666/epoch-regimen-as-salvage-therapy-for-adult-t-cell-leukemia-lymphoma
#18
Eo Toriyama, Yoshitaka Imaizumi, Hiroaki Taniguchi, Jun Taguchi, Jun Nakashima, Hidehiro Itonaga, Shinya Sato, Koji Ando, Yasushi Sawayama, Tomoko Hata, Takuya Fukushima, Yasushi Miyazaki
Adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma (ATL) is an intractable hematopoietic malignancy with a very poor prognosis. Although improved responses have been achieved through intensive chemotherapy in newly diagnosed patients with aggressive ATL, most patients suffer from relapse or disease recurrence, and an effective salvage therapy, especially for candidates for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), is yet to be established. The efficacy of the EPOCH regimen has been reported for several lymphoid malignancies; however, its efficacy for ATL has not been sufficiently evaluated...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650922/-gallbladder-carcinoma-that-occurred-50-years-after-cholecystojejunostomy
#19
Masaru Kubota, Yasuji Hashimoto, Hiroki Imamura, Yuriko Yagi, Takashi Noma, Yukako Mokutani, Kenichi Nagai, Hajime Hirose, Yoshihito Ide, Jin Matsuyama, Yukio Fukushima, Yousuke Nishioka, Masashi Takeda, Shigeyuki Tamura, Yo Sasaki
Creation of a cholecystojejunostomy has been recommended as one option in the palliation of biliary obstruction due to pancreatic carcinoma.However, it was a technique used for biliary drainage for acute cholecystitis a long time ago.We describe a patient who underwent a cholecystojejunostomy for acute cholecystitis 50 years prior to presentation, and then revealed a gallbladder carcinoma.
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650918/-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-bile-duct-thrombosis-a-case-report
#20
Masaru Kubota, Yasuji Hashimoto, Hiroki Imamura, Yuriko Yagi, Takashi Noma, Yukako Mokutani, Kenichi Nagai, Hajime Hirose, Yoshihito Ide, Jin Matsuyama, Yukio Fukushima, Yousuke Nishioka, Masashi Takeda, Shigeyuki Tamura, Yo Sasaki
Hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC)is not commonly observed with bile duct thrombosis.Here, we report a case of HCC with bile thrombi that extended to the liver hilum.The patient was a 61-year-old man who visited us due to untreated type B hepatitis.He underwent screening with a CT scan that revealed LDA on the right posterior lobe of his liver with infiltration of the bile duct.Generally, bile resection and reconstruction should be considered for curative resection for bile thrombi; however, we attempted to conserve the common bile duct to preserve the options of percutaneous therapy in case of tumor recurrence...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
keyword
keyword
11697
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"