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corticosteroid sepsis shock

Josef Briegel, Thomas Bein, Patrick Möhnle
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Low-dose hydrocortisone is recommended in patients with septic shock unresponsive to fluid and vasopressor therapy. Recent research added new data for patients with septic shock and other target groups such as patients with severe sepsis, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), community-acquired pneumonia, and burns. The objective of this review is to summarize and comment recent findings on low-dose corticosteroids (LDC) in critically ill patients. RECENT FINDINGS: In the last 2 years, a series of clinical trials and retrospective analyses investigated LDC therapy in critically ill patients with severe systemic inflammation of various origins...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Paul E Marik, Vikramjit Khangoora, Racquel Rivera, Michael H Hooper, John Catravas
BACKGROUND: The global burden of sepsis is estimated as 15 to 19 million cases annually with a mortality rate approaching 60% in low income countries. METHODS: In this retrospective before-after clinical study, we compared the outcome and clinical course of consecutive septic patients treated with intravenous vitamin C, hydrocortisone and thiamine during a 7-month period (treatment group) compared to a control group treated in our ICU during the preceding 7 months...
December 6, 2016: Chest
Nikita Lakomkin, Vasanth Sathiyakumar, Brandon Wick, Michelle S Shen, A Alex Jahangir, Hassan Mir, William T Obremskey, Ashley C Dodd, Manish K Sethi
BACKGROUND: Postoperative sepsis is associated with high mortality and the national costs of septicemia exceed those of any other diagnosis. While numerous studies in the basic orthopedic science literature suggest that traumatic injuries facilitate the development of sepsis, it is currently unclear whether orthopedic trauma patients are at increased risk. The purpose of this study was thus to assess the incidence of sepsis and determine the risk factors that significantly predicted septicemia following orthopedic trauma surgery...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Julie C Fitzgerald, Scott L Weiss, Niranjan Kissoon
OBJECTIVE: To review important articles in the field of pediatric shock and pediatric septic shock published subsequent to the Fifth Edition of the Rogers' Textbook of Pediatric Intensive Care. DATA SOURCES: The U.S. National Library of Medicine PubMed ( was searched for combination of the term "pediatric" and the following terms: "sepsis, septic shock, shock, antibiotics, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, and steroid." The abstract lists generated by these searches were screened for potential inclusion...
November 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Andrés M Bur, Jason A Brant, Carolyn L Mulvey, Elizabeth A Nicolli, Robert M Brody, John P Fischer, Steven B Cannady, Jason G Newman
Importance: Unplanned hospital readmission is costly and in recent years has become a focus of health care legislation intended to reduce health care expenditures. Greater understanding of which perioperative complications are associated with hospital readmission after surgery for head and neck cancer is needed to reduce unplanned readmissions. Objective: To determine which clinical risk factors and complications are associated with 30-day unplanned readmission after surgery for malignant neoplasms of the head and neck...
December 1, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Joaquín Jerez, Ricardo Castro
During an episode of sepsis, the systemic inflammatory response phenomenon triggers a deficit in the action and/or secretion of cortisol. It has been suggested that the use of corticosteroids may have a role in the management of sepsis, but there is no consensus. Searching in Epistemonikos database, which is maintained by screening 30 databases, we identified 16 systematic reviews including 66 randomized controlled trials addressing the question of this article. We combined the evidence using meta-analysis and generated a summary of findings following the GRADE approach...
August 30, 2016: Medwave
Jorge I F Salluh, Pedro Póvoa
For decades, corticosteroids are proposed as adjuvant therapies for severe infections. Despite mounting evidence from randomized controlled trials, there is still an intense debate regarding the role of systemic low-dose corticosteroids as a part of the treatment of septic shock. In the present article, we review the current literature and detail aspects on the pathophysiologic rationale, the current evidence, actual practice, and future directions on this topic.
January 2017: Shock
Djillali Annane
Sepsis is a common disorder associated with high morbidity and mortality. It is now defined as an abnormal host response to infection, resulting in life-threatening dysfunction of organs. There is evidence from in vitro and in vivo experiments in various animal models and in patients that endotoxin or sepsis may directly and indirectly alter the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal response to severe infection. These alterations may include necrosis or hemorrhage or inflammatory mediator-mediated decreased ACTH synthesis, steroidogenesis, cortisol delivery to tissues, clearance from plasma, and decreased sensitivity of tissues to cortisol...
2016: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Christina L Tupe, Bethany A Weiler, Avelino C Verceles, Michael T McCurdy
A 62-year-old woman treated with several courses of corticosteroids for an undifferentiated rash came to the emergency department with progressively worsening cutaneous signs and symptoms and generalized weakness. She had scabies, and despite treatment continued to decompensate. Repeat skin biopsies revealed disseminated herpes simplex virus infection, and results of blood cultures were consistent with infection by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Despite antiviral and antimicrobial therapy, sepsis and multiorgan failure developed, and the patient died...
July 2016: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
Hector R Wong, Sarah J Atkinson, Natalie Z Cvijanovich, Nick Anas, Geoffrey L Allen, Neal J Thomas, Michael T Bigham, Scott L Weiss, Julie C Fitzgerald, Paul A Checchia, Keith Meyer, Michael Quasney, Mark Hall, Rainer Gedeit, Robert J Freishtat, Jeffrey Nowak, Shekhar S Raj, Shira Gertz, Christopher J Lindsell
OBJECTIVES: Prognostic and predictive enrichment strategies are fundamental tools of precision medicine. Identifying children with septic shock who may benefit from corticosteroids remains a challenge. We combined prognostic and predictive strategies to identify a pediatric septic shock subgroup responsive to corticosteroids. DESIGN: We conducted a secondary analysis of 288 previously published pediatric subjects with septic shock. For prognostic enrichment, each study subject was assigned a baseline mortality probability using the pediatric sepsis biomarker risk model...
October 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Djillali Annane
Sepsis is a leading cause of death and long-term sequels worldwide. For more than a decade, the scientific community is providing physicians, patients and policy makers with regularly updated guidelines. There is some evidence that implementation of the Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines is associated with improved patients outcomes. Though there were major advances in the understanding of sepsis, the management of sepsis mainly relies on anti-infective treatments and restoration of cardiovascular and respiratory function according to quantitative protocolized care...
April 2016: La Presse Médicale
Tobias Haltmeier, Elizabeth Benjamin, Elizabeth Beale, Kenji Inaba, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a known risk factor for worse outcomes after emergency abdominal surgery (EAS). However, it is unclear if the type of diabetes treatment (insulin or oral agents) has any effect on outcomes after EAS. METHODS: Matched cohort study utilizing the ACS NSQIP database. Patients with DM undergoing EAS were divided into insulin and oral agent treatment groups. A 1:1 cohort matching of insulin-treated and oral agent-treated patients was performed (matched for sex, age, ASA score, BMI category, operative procedure, and preoperative acute renal failure, pneumonia, SIRS, sepsis, septic shock, and corticosteroid use)...
July 2016: World Journal of Surgery
E Alp, H Erdem, J Rello
During the past decade, global human movement created a virtually "borderless world". Consequently, the developed world is facing "forgotten" and now imported infectious diseases. Many infections are observed upon travel and migration, and the clinical spectrum is diverse, ranging from asymptomatic infection to severe septic shock. The severity of infection depends on the etiology and timeliness of diagnosis. While assessing the etiology of severe infection in travelers and migrants, it is important to acquire a detailed clinical history; geography, dates of travel, places visited, type of transportation, lay-overs and intermediate stops, potential exposure to exotic diseases, and activities that were undertaken during travelling and prophylaxis and vaccines either taken or not before travel are all important parameters...
April 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Maria Helena Baptista Nunes da Silva, Maria Cristina Korbage de Araujo, Edna Maria de Albuquerque Diniz, Maria Esther Jurfest Rivero Ceccon, Werther Brunow de Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To assess hormonal changes in nonthyroidal illness syndrome (NTIS) in full-term newborns (NT) with sepsis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 28 NT with sepsis divided into 2 groups according to the time of normalization of serum and clinical indicators of infection: group A(A), 16 NT with improvement in up to 8 days; and group B(B), 12 NT improvement after 8 days. Among the 28 NT, 15 NT progressed to septic shock, with 5 NT group A and 10 NT in group B...
December 2015: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Djillali Annane, Eric Bellissant, Pierre Edouard Bollaert, Josef Briegel, Didier Keh, Yizhak Kupfer
BACKGROUND: Sepsis occurs when an infection is complicated by organ failures as defined by a sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score of two or higher. Sepsis may be complicated by impaired corticosteroid metabolism. Giving corticosteroids may benefit patients. The original review was published in 2004 and was updated in 2010 and again in 2015. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of corticosteroids on death at one month in patients with sepsis, and to examine whether dose and duration of corticosteroids influence patient response to this treatment...
December 3, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Amy M Ahasic, Paula Tejera, Yongyue Wei, Li Su, Christos S Mantzoros, Ednan K Bajwa, B Taylor Thompson, David C Christiani
OBJECTIVE: To characterize predictors of insulin-like growth factor-1 and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 in acute critical illness with the hypothesis that acute factors associated with critical illness will more strongly predict circulating insulin-like growth factor-1 and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 than chronic clinical or genetic factors. DESIGN: Observational study nested within a large prospective study using multivariable linear regression to model circulating insulin-like growth factor-1 and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 with acute and chronic clinical variables, and genotype from five polymorphisms in insulin-like growth factor pathway genes...
December 2015: Critical Care Medicine
Amanda Carmean, James D Fortenberry, Courtney McCracken, Kiran B Hebbar
OBJECTIVE: Although corticosteroid (CS) supplementation for pediatric septic shock (PSS) is recommended by American College of Critical Care Medicine sepsis guidelines, most data are based on adult trials. Standardized protocols for stimulation testing for adrenal insufficiency (AI) and CS treatment in children have been reported, but the current state of CS use and protocols have not been evaluated in pediatric intensive care units in the United States. We surveyed a group of pediatric intensivists to assess current approaches...
October 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
Kusum Menon, Hector R Wong
OBJECTIVE: To identify the issues needing to be resolved to design, implement, and complete a definitive randomized controlled trial of adjunctive corticosteroid use in children with septic shock. DESIGN: Pediatric studies from MEDLINE (1946 to January 2015) and Embase (1947 to January 2015) that addressed adrenal function or steroid use in critically ill children with systemic inflammatory response syndrome, sepsis, or septic shock were reviewed and their relevant points discussed...
October 2015: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Rodrigo Cerqueira Borges, Celso R F Carvalho, Alexandra Siqueira Colombo, Mariucha Pereira da Silva Borges, Francisco Garcia Soriano
PURPOSE: To quantify the physical activity in daily life (PADL), muscle strength, and exercise capacity in the short and medium term in survivors of severe sepsis and septic shock. METHODS: Prospective cohort study with a follow-up from hospital admission to 3 months after hospital discharge. Seventy-two patients admitted to the ICU for severe sepsis or septic shock and a control group of healthy sedentary subjects (n = 50) were enrolled. All patients had their PADL quantified by an accelerometer during their hospital stay and 3 months after...
August 2015: Intensive Care Medicine
Ignacio Martin-Loeches, Mitchell M Levy, Antonio Artigas
The complexity of treating severe sepsis and septic shock has been elucidated in myriad studies, particularly in the past 10 years. The development of clinical guidelines, insight into the effect of bundle elements, and results of clinical trials have brought to light further opportunities and questions in the approach to pharmaceutical interventions for the global challenge to save lives and reduce healthcare costs. Therapeutic interventions including fluid resuscitation, hemodynamic monitoring, glycemic control, corticosteroids, and antimicrobial therapy and stewardship inform outcomes...
2015: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
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