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Paula Mirella Gomes Barbosa, Tobias Pereira de Morais, Cinthia Aparecida de Andrade Silva, Flávia Regina da Silva Santos, Nayara Fernanda Lisbo Garcia, G G Fonseca, Rodrigo Simões Ribeiro Leite, Marcelo Fossa da Paz
Invertases are used for several purposes; one among these is the production of fructooligosaccharides. The aim of this study was to biochemically characterize invertase from industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae CAT-1 and Rhodotorula mucilaginosa isolated from Cerrado soil. The optimum pH and temperature were 4.0 and 70 °C for Rhodotorula mucilaginosa invertase and 4.5 and 50 °C for Saccharomyces cerevisiae invertase. The pH and thermal stability from 3.0 to 10.5 and 75 °C for R. mucilaginosa invertase, respectively...
June 22, 2018: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
Guangfeng Kan, Xiaofei Wang, Jie Jiang, Chengsheng Zhang, Minglei Chi, Yun Ju, Cuijuan Shi
Heavy metal pollution in Antarctic is serious by anthropogenic emissions and atmospheric transport. To dissect the heavy metal adaptation mechanisms of sea-ice organisms, a basidiomycetous yeast strain AN5 was isolated and its cellular changes were analyzed. Morphological, physiological, and biochemical characterization indicated that this yeast strain belonged to Rhodotorula mucilaginosa AN5. Heavy metal resistance pattern of Cd > Pb = Mn > Cu > Cr > Hg was observed. Scanning electron microscopic (SEM) results exhibited altered cell surface morphology under the influence of copper metal compared to that with control...
June 21, 2018: MicrobiologyOpen
Yoshiko Fujitani, Kabir Md Alamgir, Akio Tani
Ergothioneine (EGT) is a sulfur-containing, anti-oxidative amino acid derived from histidine. EGT is synthesized in bacteria and fungi but not in animals and plants, and is now recognized as important for human health. Its cost-effective fermentative production has not been elucidated due to the lack of information for productive microorganisms. In this study, we doubled the gene copy for EGT synthesis and deleted the histidine ammonia-lyase gene in a potent EGT-producing methylotrophic bacterium Methylobacterium aquaticum strain 22A, and optimized its culture conditions, resulting in increased EGT production of 7...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Raffaella Gandolfi, Giorgio Facchetti, Michael S Christodoulou, Marco Fusè, Fiorella Meneghetti, Isabella Rimoldi
A chemo- and biocatalytic cascade approach was applied for the stereoselective synthesis of hydroxy ketones and the corresponding 1,3-diols. A new class of tridentate N,N,O ligands was used with copper(II) complexes for the asymmetric β-borylation of α,β-unsaturated compounds. The complex containing ligand L5 emerged as the best performer, and it gave the organoborane derivatives with good ee values. The corresponding keto-alcohol compounds were then bioreduced by yeasts. The biotransformation set up with Rhodotorula rubra allowed ( R )-keto-alcohols and ( S , S )-diols to be obtained with up to 99 %  ee and up to 99 %  de in favor of the anti enantiomers...
May 2018: ChemistryOpen
Hector Urbina, M Catherine Aime
Carotenoid-containing yeasts in Sporidiobolales (Microbotryomycetes, Pucciniomycotina, Basidiomycota) have been reported from contrasting ecosystems, including marine, soil, phylloplane, polar ice, and many others. Here, we present several analyses drawing on 583 new isolates collected from various substrates around the globe and publicly available sequences from numerous published environmental studies. We provide a multilocus phylogenetic reconstruction of the order, estimates for total species richness, a snapshot of global distribution patterns, and analysis of niche preferences in Sporidiobolales, emphasizing their occurrence in commercial crops and food products...
January 2018: Mycologia
Jule Brandenburg, Ieva Poppele, Johanna Blomqvist, Maris Puke, Jana Pickova, Mats Sandgren, Alexander Rapoport, Nikolajs Vedernikovs, Volkmar Passoth
This study investigates biofuel production from wheat straw hydrolysate, from which furfural was extracted using a patented method developed at the Latvian State Institute of Wood Chemistry. The solid remainder after furfural extraction, corresponding to 67.6% of the wheat straw dry matter, contained 69.9% cellulose of which 4% was decomposed during the furfural extraction and 26.3% lignin. Enzymatic hydrolysis released 44% of the glucose monomers in the cellulose. The resulting hydrolysate contained mainly glucose and very little amount of acetic acid...
May 26, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Shraddha Shukla, Kashyap Kumar Dubey
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ) or ubiquinone is found in the biological system which is synthesized by the conjugation of benzoquinone ring with isoprenoid chain of variable length. Coenzyme Q10 supplementation energizes the body and increases body energy production in the form of ATP and helps to treat various human diseases such as cardiomyopathy, muscular dystrophy, periodontal disease, etc. Reports of these potential therapeutic advantages of CoQ10 have resulted in its high market demand, which focus the researchers to work on this molecule and develop better bioprocess methods for commercial level production...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
Benedetta Turchetti, Laura Selbmann, Nina Gunde-Cimerman, Pietro Buzzini, José Paulo Sampaio, Polona Zalar
Over 80% of the Earth’s environments are permanently or periodically exposed to temperatures below 5 °C. Cold habitats harbour a wide diversity of psychrophilic and psychrotolerant yeasts. During ecological studies of yeast communities carried out in cold ecosystem in the Italian Alps, Svalbard (Norway, Arctic region), and Portugal, 23 yeast strains that could not be assigned to any known fungal taxa were isolated. In particular, two of them were first identified as Rhodotorula sp., showing the highest degree of D1/D2 sequence identity with Cystobasidum laryngis accounted to only 97% with the type strain ( C...
May 5, 2018: Life
Zhu Chen, Wesley D Reznicek, Caixia Wan
In this study, an acidified, aqueous DES comprising choline chloride: glycerol (ChCl:Gly) was used to fractionate switchgrass into three major streams under a relatively mild condition: cellulose-rich pulp, lignin, and xylose-rich liquor. The pulp showed good digestibility with about 89% glucose yield. The solvent can be recycled successfully and reused for at least four more pretreatment cycles while maintaining its pretreatment capability. The solvent recycling also improved the lignin recovery from the pretreatment liquor...
April 18, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Wissame Mazari, Zahia Boucherit-Otmani, Imad Abdelhamid El Haci, Amine Ilahi, Kebir Boucherit
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of yeasts in dental chair unit waterlines (DCUWLs) and to test their ability to form biofilms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen dental waterlines were analysed by culture in liquid Sabouraud in order to allow the quantification and the purification of isolated yeasts from their internal surfaces. All isolates were identified by standard laboratory procedures, including CHROMagar Candida medium for orientation, commercial yeast identification system Api Candida, MALDI-TOF MS and DNA sequencing...
May 4, 2018: International Dental Journal
Mariana de Paula Bonadio, Lidyane Aline de Freita, Márcia Justino Rossini Mutton
In order for the use of biological carotenoids to become feasible, it is necessary to have adequate low cost sources and improved methods of cultivation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of supplementation with nitrogen, phosphorus, zinc, and magnesium, on the biomass and carotenoid volumetric production by yeast Rhodotorula rubra L02 using a complex medium (sugarcane juice) and synthetic media (sucrose and maltose) as substrates. The experimental design used for each substrate was randomized in blocks with 16 treatments and 3 repetitions...
April 25, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
Elena Arrigoni, Livio Antonielli, Massimo Pindo, Ilaria Pertot, Michele Perazzolli
Plant tissues host complex fungal and bacterial communities, and their composition is determined by host traits such as tissue age, plant genotype and environmental conditions. Despite the importance of bark as a possible reservoir of plant pathogenic microorganisms, little is known about the associated microbial communities. In this work, we evaluated the composition of fungal and bacterial communities in the pear (Abate and Williams cultivars) and apple (Golden Delicious and Gala cultivars) bark of three/four-year-old shoots (old bark) or one-year-old shoots (young bark), using a meta-barcoding approach...
June 2018: Microbiological Research
Lilian Bueno Montanari, Flávio Garcia Sartori, Diórginis Bueno Montrazi Ribeiro, Luís Fernando Leandro, Regina Helena Pires, Márcia de Souza Carvalho Melhem, César Alexandre de Mello, Carlos Henrique Gomes Martins
The use of poorly treated water in hemodialysis centers may lead to fungal contamination, which poses a serious threat to immunologically debilitated hemodialysis patients. This study aimed to isolate and identify yeast species in the water of a Brazilian hemodialysis center by using classic microbiological techniques and Raman spectroscopy. For 12 months, a total of 288 water samples were collected from different points of the hemodialysis treatment distribution center. One hundred and forty-six yeast species were isolated and identified in the samples that tested positive for the presence of yeasts such as Candida parapsilosis (100 isolates, or 68...
April 2018: Journal of Water and Health
T Kitazawa, S Ishigaki, K Seo, Y Yoshino, Y Ota
Rhodotorula species are environmental basidiomycete yeasts that have emerged as a cause of fungemia in immunocompromised hosts. The insertion of a central venous catheter was identified as a major risk factor for Rhodotorula fungemia. Few cases reports have reported (1→3)-β-D-glucan testing at the onset of Rhodotorula mucilaginosa fungemia. We report a case of catheter-related bloodstream infection due to R. mucilaginosa. Serum β-D-glucan level was normal at the onset of the bloodstream infection. It took 5 days to culture the isolate...
April 13, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
A-A H Moubasher, M A Abdel-Sater, Z S M Soliman
This work aimed to identify and evaluate the diversity of yeasts and filamentous fungi that contaminate some dairy products (fresh buffalo milk, plain yoghurt, butter and Kareisk cheese) in Assiut city, Egypt. The identification was based on phenotypic characteristics, and genotypically in case of yeasts. The pHs of all dairy products lie within the acidic range, but yoghurt registered the highest value. A total of 41 genera and 89 species+3 varieties were recovered from all dairy products investigated on DRBC (26 genera representing 59 species+1 variety), DG18 (32 genera, 56 species+2 varieties) and MY50G (31 genera, 64 species+2 varieties)...
March 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
Anna M Kot, Stanisław Błażejak, Iwona Gientka, Marek Kieliszek, Joanna Bryś
Torulene and torularhodin represent the group of carotenoids and are synthesized by yeasts and fungi. The most important producers of these two compounds include yeasts of Rhodotorula and Sporobolomyces genera. The first reports confirming the presence of torulene and torularhodin in the cells of microorganisms date to the 1930s and 1940s; however, only in the past few years, the number of works describing the properties of these compounds increased. These compounds have strong anti-oxidative and anti-microbial properties, and thus may be successfully used as food, feedstock, and cosmetics additives...
March 27, 2018: Microbial Cell Factories
H Tligui, W Oudaina, S El Ftouh, F Madda, L Hesseissen
Human cutaneous infections due to Rhodotorula species as an emerged pathogens yeasts are rarely reported, particularly in skin folds, with the ability to infect immunocompromised as well as immunocompetent patient. In present case, we describe a fungal cutaneous infection due to Rhodotorula mucilaginosa in immunocompromised child, the patient has been diagnosed with retinoblastoma; the diagnosis was established by the cytological and clinical examination. However, the cytological examination found fungal forms...
March 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
Samuel T Coradetti, Dominic Pinel, Gina M Geiselman, Masakazu Ito, Stephen J Mondo, Morgann C Reilly, Ya-Fang Cheng, Stefan Bauer, Igor V Grigoriev, John M Gladden, Blake A Simmons, Rachel B Brem, Adam P Arkin, Jeffrey M Skerker
The basidiomycete yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides (also known as Rhodotorula toruloides ) accumulates high concentrations of lipids and carotenoids from diverse carbon sources. It has great potential as a model for the cellular biology of lipid droplets and for sustainable chemical production. We developed a method for high-throughput genetics (RB-TDNAseq), using sequence-barcoded Agrobacterium tumefaciens T-DNA insertions. We identified 1,337 putative essential genes with low T-DNA insertion rates. We functionally profiled genes required for fatty acid catabolism and lipid accumulation, validating results with 35 targeted deletion strains...
March 9, 2018: ELife
Ludmila Vilela Resende, Leticia Kleinhans Pinheiro, Maria Gabriela da Cruz Pedroso Miguel, Cíntia Lacerda Ramos, Danielle Marques Vilela, Rosane Freitas Schwan
The microbial community of artisanal corn fermentation called Chicha were isolated, purified and then identified using protein profile by Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF) and confirmed by partial ribosomal gene sequencing. Samples from Chicha beverage were chemically characterized by gas and liquid chromatography (HPLC and GC-MS). Aerobic mesophilic bacteria (AMB) (35.8% of total of isolated microorganisms), lactic acid bacteria (LAB) (21.6%) and yeast (42...
March 8, 2018: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Cecilia Miccoli, Davide Palmieri, Filippo De Curtis, Giuseppe Lima, Giuseppe Ianiri, Raffaello Castoria
Rhodotorula kratochvilovae strain LS11 is a biocontrol agent (BCA) selected for its antagonistic activity against several plant pathogens both in the field and postharvest. Genome assembly includes 62 contigs for a total of 22.56 Mbp and a G+C content of 66.6%. Genome annotation predicts 7,642 protein-encoding genes.
March 8, 2018: Genome Announcements
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