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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150700/prevalence-of-intestinal-parasites-in-companion-dogs-with-diarrhea-in-beijing-china-and-genetic-characteristics-of-giardia-and-cryptosporidium-species
#1
Zhongjia Yu, Yang Ruan, Mengjie Zhou, Siyuan Chen, Yinxin Zhang, Liya Wang, Guan Zhu, Yonglan Yu
Companion animals including dogs are one of the important components in One Health. Parasites may cause not only diseases in pet animals but also many zoonotic diseases infecting humans. In this study, we performed a survey of intestinal parasites in fecal specimens (n = 485) collected from outpatient pet dogs with diarrhea in Beijing, China, for the entire year of 2015 by microscopic examination (all parasites) and SSU rRNA-based nested PCR detection (Giardia and Cryptosporidium). We observed a total of 124 (25...
November 18, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138640/prevalence-of-soil-transmitted-helminthiases-and-schistosomiasis-in-preschool-age-children-in-mwea-division-kirinyaga-south-district-kirinyaga-county-and-their-potential-effect-on-physical-growth
#2
Stephen Sifuna Wefwafwa Sakari, Amos K Mbugua, Gerald M Mkoji
Intestinal parasitic infections can significantly contribute to the burden of disease, may cause nutritional and energetic stress, and negatively impact the quality of life in low income countries of the world. This cross-sectional study done in Mwea irrigation scheme, in Kirinyaga, central Kenya, assessed the public health significance of soil-transmitted helminthiases (STH), schistosomiasis, and other intestinal parasitic infections, among 361 preschool age children (PSAC) through fecal examination, by measuring anthropometric indices, and through their parents/guardians, by obtaining sociodemographic information...
2017: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114485/laboratory-diagnosis-of-soil-transmitted-helminthiasis
#3
Sumeeta Khurana, Shveta Sethi
Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) include, i.e., hookworms (Ancylostoma duodenale, Necator americanus), roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides), whipworm (Trichuris trichiura) and Strongyloides stercoralis. Globally, around 1.5 billion people are infected with STHs. STHs contribute to significant impairment of mental and physical growth, especially in developing countries. Unfortunately, these infections mostly remain undiagnosed due to lack of trained personnel and appropriate technologies. Intermittent shedding of eggs or larvae further makes the diagnosis difficult...
July 2017: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114484/epidemiology-and-clinical-features-of-soil-transmitted-helminths
#4
Subhash Chandra Parija, Meenachi Chidambaram, Jharna Mandal
Soil-transmitted helminths (STH) consist of Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, and hookworm (Necator americanus and Ancylostoma duodenale). It affects nearly 1.7 billion people globally in which Ascaris contributes nearly 1.2 billion cases. The main mode for transmission of Ascaris and Trichuris is through contaminated food and water, whereas hookworm transmitted by skin penetration. STH were mainly seen in areas with poverty, overcrowding, and poor sanitation. The prevalence is more in rural areas compared to urban areas...
July 2017: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114134/epidemiological-investigation-of-gastrointestinal-parasites-in-dog-populations-in-basra-province-southern-iraq
#5
Khawla B N Al-Jassim, Yasser S Mahmmod, Zainab M Salem, Azmi Al-Jubury
The understanding of the epidemiology of canine parasitic infections is necessary for an efficient control program to minimize the risk of zoonotic transmission. The objectives of this study were (1) to determine the prevalence of canine gastrointestinal helminths and protozoa in Basra province, Southern Iraq, and (2) to identify the association of epidemiological characteristics (age, breed, gender, and feed type) of dogs with the parasitic infections. A total of 93 fecal samples, collected in the period from December 2014 to June 2015, were examined macroscopically and microscopically for the presence of worm eggs and protozoal oocysts, using centrifugal flotation method...
December 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114127/incidence-of-gastrointestinal-nematodes-in-goats-in-and-around-mhow-madhya-pradesh
#6
P Shakya, A K Jayraw, N Jamra, V Agrawal, G P Jatav
Gastrointestinal (GI) parasitism in animals is considered as one of the major problems in India causing recurring economic losses to livestock production system owing to morbidity and mortality. But data pertaining to epidemiology of GI nematodes in goats is meager from Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh. Therefore, the present investigation was carried out to study the incidence of GI nematodes in goats in and around Mhow and accordingly a total of 900 faecal samples of goats were collected from Mhow and its adjoining areas and faecal sample examination revealed the incidence of strongyle, Strongyloides papillosus, Trichuris spp...
December 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114121/pathological-studies-on-helminth-parasitic-infection-in-mithun-bos-frontalis
#7
J K Chamuah, B Dutta, D Borkotoky
A pathological study was carried out in different helminth parasite infection organs in 110 animals during the period from 2010 to 2016. Histopathological examination of hydatid cysts in the liver, showed extensive fibrous connective tissue proliferation with eosinophilic and lymphocytic infiltration, in lung, parenchyma showed severe emphysema with infiltration of alveolar macrophages and lymphocytes infiltration. In Toxocara infection, polymorphonuclear infiltration in the sub-mucosa with hyper activity of goblet cells leading to occlusion of the gland was noted in the tissue sections...
December 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108026/status-of-soil-transmitted-helminth-infections-in-schoolchildren-in-laguna-province-the-philippines-determined-by-parasitological-and-molecular-diagnostic-techniques
#8
Mary Lorraine S Mationg, Catherine A Gordon, Veronica L Tallo, Remigio M Olveda, Portia P Alday, Mark Donald C Reñosa, Franziska A Bieri, Gail M Williams, Archie C A Clements, Peter Steinmann, Kate Halton, Yuesheng Li, Donald P McManus, Darren J Gray
BACKGROUND: Soil-transmitted helminths (STH) are the most common parasitic infections in impoverished communities, particularly among children. Current STH control is through school-based mass drug administration (MDA), which in the Philippines is done twice annually. As expected, MDA has decreased the intensity and prevalence of STH over time. As a result, the common Kato Katz (KK) thick smear method of detecting STH is less effective because it lacks sensitivity in low intensity infections, making it difficult to measure the impact of deworming programs...
November 6, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103276/intestinal-parasite-infections-among-inhabitants-in-yanbian-prefecture-jilin-province-china
#9
Myoung-Ro Lee, Hee-Eun Shin, Byung-Suk Chung, Sang-Eun Lee, Jung-Won Ju, Liji Xu, Chen Long Nan, Mi-Yeoun Park, Shin-Hyeong Cho
To investigate the prevalence of intestinal parasite infections in Yanbian Prefecture, Jilin Province, China, epidemiological surveys were conducted on a collaboration basis between the Korean Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Yanbian Center for Disease Control and Prevention. A total of 8,396 (males 3,737 and females 4,659) stool samples were collected from 8 localities and examined with the formalin-ether sedimentation technique, and additionally examined with the cellotape anal swab to detect Enterobius vermicularis eggs...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103267/intestinal-parasitic-infections-and-environmental-water-contamination-in-a-rural-village-of-northern-lao-pdr
#10
Alexis Ribas, Chloé Jollivet, Serge Morand, Boupha Thongmalayvong, Silaphet Somphavong, Chern-Chiang Siew, Pei-Jun Ting, Saipin Suputtamongkol, Viengsaene Saensombath, Surapol Sanguankiat, Boon-Huan Tan, Phimpha Paboriboune, Kongsap Akkhavong, Kittipong Chaisiri
A field survey studying intestinal parasites in humans and microbial pathogen contamination at environment was performed in a Laotian rural village to identify potential risks for disease outbreaks. A parasitological investigation was conducted in Ban Lak Sip village, Luang Prabang, Lao PDR involving fecal samples from 305 inhabitants as well as water samples taken from 3 sites of the local stream. Water analysis indicated the presence of several enteric pathogens, i.e., Aeromonas spp., Vibrio spp., E. coli H7, E...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090320/gastrointestinal-parasites-of-captive-european-bison-bison-bonasus-l-with-a-sign-of-reduced-efficacy-of-haemonchus-contortus-to-fenbendazole
#11
Anna M Pyziel, Sven Björck, Rikard Wiklund, Moa Skarin, Aleksander W Demiaszkiewicz, Johan Höglund
The history of European bison Bison bonasus Linnaeus, 1758 has been stormy since its extinction in the wild after the First World War. Due to the fact that the species was restored from just 12 founders, further expansion has suffered from low genetic variability, rendering the bison vulnerable to various pathogens due to inbreeding depression. Parasites are recognised as a key biological threat to bison population. Thus, parasitological examination including monitoring of the level of anthelmintic resistance in a herd should be a routine procedure involved in management and protection of European bison...
October 31, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080756/diagnostic-strategies-to-reveal-covert-infections-with-intestinal-helminths-in-dogs
#12
Chris Adolph, Sharon Barnett, Melissa Beall, Jason Drake, David Elsemore, Jennifer Thomas, Susan Little
Intestinal helminths are common in dogs in the United States, particularly non-treated dogs in animal shelters, but surveys by fecal flotation may underestimate their prevalence. To determine the prevalence of intestinal helminths and evaluate the ability of fecal flotation and detection of nematode antigen to identify those infections, contents of the entire gastrointestinal tract of 97 adult (>1year) dogs previously identified for humane euthanasia at two animal control shelters in northeastern Oklahoma, USA, were screened...
November 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070053/distribution-of-blastocystis-subtypes-isolated-from-humans-from-an-urban-community-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#13
Carolina Valença Barbosa, Rosemary de Jesus Batista, Ricardo Pereira Igreja, Claudia Masini d'Avila Levy, Heloisa Werneck de Macedo, Helena Lúcia Carneiro Santos
BACKGROUND: Blastocystis is a cosmopolitan protist parasite found in the human gastrointestinal tract and is highly prevalent in developing countries. Recent molecular studies have revealed extensive genetic diversity, which has been classified into different subtypes (STs) based on sequence analysis of small subunit ribosomal RNA gene. Blastocystis is one of the most common fecal parasites in Brazil, but the diversity of subtypes remains unknown in the country. This study aimed to determine the distribution of Blastocystis STs in an urban community in Duque de Caxias, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
October 25, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064315/safety-and-efficacy-of-helminth-treatment-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-results-of-the-hint-2-clinical-trial
#14
John Fleming, Gianna Hernandez, Leslie Hartman, Jane Maksimovic, Sara Nace, Benjamin Lawler, Todd Risa, Thomas Cook, Rashmi Agni, Mark Reichelderfer, Christopher Luzzio, Loren Rolak, Aaron Field, Zsuzsanna Fabry
BACKGROUND: The hygiene hypothesis suggests that microbial replacement may be therapeutic in allergic and autoimmune diseases. Nevertheless, the results of helminth treatment, including in multiple sclerosis (MS), have been inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: To assess safety and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) activity in subjects with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) during oral administration of ova from the porcine whipworm, Trichuris suis (TSO). METHODS: A total of 16 disease-modifying treatment (DMT) naive RRMS subjects were studied in a baseline versus treatment (BVT) controlled prospective study...
October 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063894/multiple-parasitic-and-viral-infections-in-a-patient-living-with-hiv-aids-on-antiretroviral-therapy
#15
K Deepika, Nonika Rajkumari, A S Liji, Subhash Chandra Parija, Abdoul Hamide
Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are more prone for gastrointestinal infections causing diarrhoea, particularly with parasites. Parasitic infections have been regularly reported in such patients. A female patient confirmed positive for HIV 1 on antiretroviral therapy came with complaints of chronic diarrhoea for the past 7 months. Her initial CD4 count was 89 cells/μl of blood, and antibodies to cytomegalovirus and herpes simplex virus 1 and 2 virus were found to be positive in the patient's serum, but there was no HIV-associated retinopathy...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058208/clinical-correlates-of-trichuriasis-diagnosed-at-colonoscopy
#16
Ashish Kumar Jha, Mahesh Kumar Goenka, Arya Suchismita
Diagnosis of Trichuris trichiura infestations is usually based on identification of barrel-shaped ova in stool, but is frequently missed on stool microscopy. We describe the clinical profile of patients in whom Trichuris infection was incidentally diagnosed at colonoscopy. In a cross-sectional study, patients with colonoscopic diagnosis of trichuriasis were enrolled from the endoscopy unit in a tertiary care center. Blood and stool samples were collected from all those who were willing to participate and provide samples...
October 23, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053430/gastrointestinal-parasitic-infections-in-dead-or-debilitated-moose-alces-alces-in-sweden
#17
Giulio Grandi, Henrik Uhlhorn, Erik Ågren, Torsten Mörner, Federico Righi, Eva Osterman-Lind, Aleksija Neimanis
Our objectives were to determine prevalence and intensity of gastrointestinal parasites of dead or euthanized emaciated moose in central and southern Sweden (n=50) and to assess parasite intensity as a major contributing factor in the poor condition of these moose. All animals were infected and most had gastrointestinal nematodes. Seven parasite species were found in the abomasa and 10 species were found in the small intestine. Coinfections were commonly found in the abomasum (Ostertagia antipini and Mazamastrongylus dagestanica) and in the small intestine (Nematodirella alcidis and Trichostrongylus capricola)...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047387/isothermal-diagnostic-assays-for-the-detection-of-soil-transmitted-helminths-based-on-the-smartamp2-method
#18
Nour Rashwan, Aïssatou Diawara, Marilyn E Scott, Roger K Prichard
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) has traditionally relied on stool microscopy, which has a number of critical deficiencies. Molecular diagnostics are powerful tools to identify closely related species, but the requirement for costly equipment makes their implementation difficult in low-resource or field settings. Rapid, sensitive and cost-effective diagnostic tools are crucial for accurate estimation of STH infection intensity in MDA programmes in which the goal is to reduce morbidity following repeated rounds of chemotherapy...
October 18, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045444/the-importance-of-public-health-poverty-reduction-programs-and-women-s-empowerment-in-the-reduction-of-child-stunting-in-rural-areas-of-moramanga-and-morondava-madagascar
#19
Chitale Remonja Rabaoarisoa, Rado Rakotoarison, Nivo Heritiana Rakotonirainy, Reziky Tiandraza Mangahasimbola, Alain Berthin Randrianarisoa, Ronan Jambou, Inès Vigan-Womas, Patrice Piola, Rindra Vatosoa Randremanana
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition accounts for 45% of mortality in children under five years old, despite a global mobilization against chronic malnutrition. In Madagascar, the most recent data show that the prevalence of stunting in children under five years old is still around 47.4%. This study aimed to identify the determinants of stunting in children in rural areas of Moramanga and Morondava districts to target the main areas for intervention. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted in children aged from 6 to 59...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039336/soil-transmitted-helminthiasis-in-different-occupational-groups-in-swat-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-pakistan
#20
Wali Khan, Noorun Nisa, Aly Khan
We investigated the prevalence of geohelminth parasites in farmers, education concerned and shepherd of Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. A total of 1041 stool samples were examined from January 2006 to December 2008 using direct smear (Normal saline and Lugol's Iodine solution) the concentration methods and procedures. Seven hundred and sixty three (73.2%) individuals were found infected with one or more than one geohelminth parasites. Four hundred and eighteen (54.7%) were infected with single parasite and three hundred forty five (45...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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