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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908457/sleep-disorders-among-yusho-patients-highly-intoxicated-with-dioxin-related-compounds-a-140-case-series
#1
Hideaki Kondo, Keiko Tanio, Yuki Nagaura, Mako Nagayoshi, Chikage Mitoma, Masutaka Furue, Takahiro Maeda
PURPOSE: Patients with Yusho, a condition caused by exposure to dioxins and dioxin-like compounds, have diverse mental and physical complaints. However, the relationship between dioxins and sleep disorders has not yet been examined. This cross-sectional study was designed to investigate problems associated with sleep among patients with Yusho. METHODS: A total of 140 participants (52.9% men, average age: 67.1 ± 12.2 years) were examined using questionnaires and medical interviews by an expert on sleep medicine...
June 13, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903687/adolescents-experiences-of-obesity-surgery-a-qualitative-study
#2
Karin Nordin, Anna-Lena Brorsson, Kerstin Ekbom
BACKGROUND: The positive effects of behavioural treatment and weight management in adolescents with severe obesity are modest. Obesity surgery can be an option for adolescents, but is not the first-hand choice of treatment. The knowledge about adolescents' own experiences of having undergone surgery and their thoughts and feelings of the follow-up period are limited. OBJECTIVES: To describe adolescents' decision to go through obesity surgery as teenager and their experiences of the follow-up period...
April 26, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878951/appendectomy-and-risk-of-subsequent-diverticular-disease-requiring-hospitalization-a-population-based-case-control-study
#3
Filip Sköldberg, Ola Olén, Anders Ekbom, Peter T Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Appendicitis and acute diverticulitis share clinical features and are both influenced by genetic and environmental factors. Appendectomy has been positively associated with diverticular disease in hospital-based case-control studies. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate, in a population-based setting, whether appendectomy, with or without appendicitis, is associated with an altered risk of hospitalization with diverticular disease...
July 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29795226/high-redundancy-as-well-as-complementary-prey-choice-characterize-generalist-predator-food-webs-in-agroecosystems
#4
Eve Roubinet, Tomas Jonsson, Gerard Malsher, Karin Staudacher, Michael Traugott, Barbara Ekbom, Mattias Jonsson
Food web structure influences ecosystem functioning and the strength and stability of associated ecosystem services. With their broad diet, generalist predators represent key nodes in the structure of many food webs and they contribute substantially to ecosystem services such as biological pest control. However, until recently it has been difficult to empirically assess food web structure with generalist predators. We utilized DNA-based molecular gut-content analyses to assess the prey use of a set of generalist invertebrate predator species common in temperate agricultural fields...
May 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752724/pregnancy-complications-and-subsequent-breast-cancer-risk-in-the-mother-a-nordic-population-based-case-control-study
#5
Rebecca Troisi, Anne Gulbech Ording, Tom Grotmol, Ingrid Glimelius, Anders Engeland, Mika Gissler, Britton Trabert, Anders Ekbom, Laura Madanat-Harjuoja, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Steinar Tretli, Tone Bjørge
Certain features of pregnancy are important risk factors for breast cancer, such as protection afforded by young age at first birth. Preeclampsia, a pregnancy complication, is associated with reduced maternal breast cancer risk. However, questions remain regarding causality, biological mechanisms and the relation of other hypertensive conditions to risk. We conducted a population-based case-control study of breast cancer cases (n=116,196) in parous women identified through linkage of birth and cancer registries in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden (1967-2013), including up to 10 matched controls per case (n=1,147,192) sampled from the birth registries (complete data were not available on all variables)...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737528/preterm-delivery-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-among-parous-women
#6
Camilla Sköld, Tone Bjørge, Anders Ekbom, Anders Engeland, Mika Gissler, Tom Grotmol, Laura Madanat, Anne Gulbech Ording, Olof Stephansson, Britton Trabert, Steinar Tretli, Rebecca Troisi, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Ingrid Glimelius
Epithelial ovarian cancer is a fatal disease of largely unknown etiology. Higher parity is associated with reduced risk of ovarian cancer. However, among parous women, the impact of pregnancy-related factors on risk is not well understood. This population-based case-control study included all parous women with epithelial ovarian cancer in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden during 1967-2013 (n=10,957) and up to 10 matched controls (n=107,864). We used conditional logistic regression to estimate odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for pregnancy-related factors and ovarian cancer risk by histological subtype...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734979/executive-and-visuospatial-dysfunction-in-patients-with-primary-restless-legs-syndrome-willis-ekbom-disease-study-of-a-chinese-population
#7
Gen Li, Huidong Tang, Jie Chen, Xuemei Qi, Shengdi Chen, Jianfang Ma
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the cognitive function of patients with primary restless legs syndrome/Willis-Ekbom disease (RLS/WED) in a Chinese population. METHODS: A total of 40 patients with RLS/WED who were drug naïve and 40 controls, matched by age, sex, and educational level, were evaluated by cognitive function assessments, including the Chinese version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE-C), clock drawing test (CDT), Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT), Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (CFT), and Stroop Color Word Test (SCWT)...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680437/treatment-of-restless-legs-syndrome-willis-ekbom-disease-with-the-non-selective-ent1-ent2-inhibitor-dipyridamole-testing-the-adenosine-hypothesis
#8
Diego Garcia-Borreguero, Xavier Guitart, Celia Garcia Malo, Irene Cano-Pumarega, Juan José Granizo, Sergi Ferré
OBJECTIVES: Recent animal models of restless legs syndrome (RLS) suggest that brain iron deficiency is associated with a hypoadenosinergic state, with downregulation of adenosine A1 receptors (A1R) in the striatum and cortex. We hypothesized that an increase in extracellular adenosine induced by inhibitors of adenosine transporters, such as the non-selective ENT1/ENT2 inhibitor dipyridamole, would result in an improvement in RLS symptoms. METHODS: In a prospective two-month open-label, non-placebo controlled clinical trial, 15 untreated idiopathic RLS patients began treatment with 100 mg dipyridamole (with uptitration to 400 mg if necessary)...
May 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680426/willis-ekbom-disease-restless-legs-syndrome-in-patients-with-opioid-withdrawal
#9
Ravi Gupta, Ramjan Ali, Rajat Ray
INTRODUCTION: Many patients with opioid use disorder report symptoms similar to restless legs syndrome (RLS) during withdrawal. However, whether these symptoms are true RLS, their predictors and effect of treatment with pregabalin are still unknown. METHOD: A total of 19 consecutive patients with opioid use disorder who were admitted for detoxification were included in this study after obtaining informed consent. Information regarding addiction was noted, and they were screened for RLS every morning and evening...
May 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643170/treatment-options-in-idiopathic-subglottic-stenosis-protocol-for-a-prospective-international-multicentre-pragmatic-trial
#10
Alexander Gelbard, Yu Shyr, Lynne Berry, Alexander T Hillel, Dale C Ekbom, Eric S Edell, Jan L Kasperbauer, David G Lott, Donald T Donovan, C Gaelyn Garrett, Guri Sandhu, James J Daniero, James L Netterville, Josh S Schindler, Marshall E Smith, Paul C Bryson, Robert R Lorenz, David O Francis
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic subglottic stenosis (iSGS) is an unexplained progressive obstruction of the upper airway that occurs almost exclusively in adult, Caucasian women. The disease is characterised by mucosal inflammation and localised fibrosis resulting in life-threatening blockage of the upper airway. Because of high recurrence rates, patients with iSGS will frequently require multiple procedures following their initial diagnosis. Both the disease and its therapies profoundly affect patients' ability to breathe, communicate and swallow...
April 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603863/restorative-surgery-after-colectomy-for-ulcerative-colitis-in-england-and-sweden-observations-from-a-comparison-of-nationwide-cohorts
#11
G Worley, C Nordenvall, A Askari, T Pinkney, E Burns, A Akbar, O Olén, A Ekbom, M Bottai, P Myrelid, O Faiz
AIM: A longstanding disparity exists between the approaches to restorative surgery after colectomy for patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) in England and Sweden. This study aims to compare rates of colectomy and restorative surgery in comparable national cohorts. METHOD: The English Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) and Swedish National Patient Register (NPR) were interrogated between 2002 and April 2012. Patients with two diagnostic episodes for UC (age ≥ 15 years) were included...
March 31, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602660/management-of-treatment-failure-in-restless-legs-syndrome-willis-ekbom-disease
#12
REVIEW
Diego Garcia-Borreguero, Irene Cano-Pumarega, Rafael Marulanda
Dopaminergic drugs have been widely used over the last decades for the treatment of restless legs syndrome (RLS)/Willis-Ekbom disease (WED). While the majority of studies show an initial improvement in symptoms, longer studies and clinical experience show that either treatment efficacy decreases with time, and/or augmentation develops: dopaminergic augmentation has been reported to be the main reason for treatment discontinuation and treatment failure in RLS/WED. The current review discusses the main reasons for treatment failure in RLS/WED and outlines the most recent expert-based strategies to prevent and manage it...
January 9, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480463/use-of-%C3%AE-2%C3%AE-ligands-for-restless-legs-syndrome-willis-ekbom-disease
#13
REVIEW
Michele A Faulkner
Restless legs syndrome is a common neurological condition affecting a substantial portion of the population. It can be an idiopathic disorder, or one that is secondary to another cause. Given that the underlying pathophysiology of restless legs syndrome is not well understood, several drug classes have been studied for symptom control. While dopamine agonists have long been the mainstay of first-line treatment for restless legs syndrome, recently, the α2δ ligands have been increasingly used. These agents have proven both efficacious and safe in a number of clinical trials...
February 2018: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462381/restorative-surgery-in-patients-with-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis-and-ulcerative-colitis-following-a-colectomy
#14
Caroline Nordenvall, Ola Olén, Per Johan Nilsson, Anders Ekbom, Matteo Bottai, Pär Myrelid, Annika Bergquist
Background: Studies on surgical procedures in patients with concomitant primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and ulcerative colitis (UC) have mainly been restricted to single centers. The aim was to compare surgical treatment of UC with or without PSC in a nationwide study. Methods: A cohort study including all patients diagnosed with UC between 1987 and 2014 in Sweden was undertaken. The impact of PSC on the risk of colectomy, the chance of restorative surgery, and risk of failure (presence of a stoma) following restorative surgery were estimated...
February 15, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434568/restless-legs-syndrome-willis-ekbom-disease-is-prevalent-in-working-nurses-but-seems-not-to-be-associated-with-shift-work-schedules
#15
Siri Waage, Ståle Pallesen, Bente Elisabeth Moen, Bjørn Bjorvatn
Insomnia and excessive sleepiness are among the most commonly reported sleep problems related to shift work. Sleep-related movement disorders have, however, received far less attention in relation to such work schedules. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between different shift work schedules and the prevalence of Restless legs syndrome/Willis-Ekbom disease (RLS/WED) in a large sample of Norwegian nurses. Our hypothesis was that shift working nurses would report higher prevalence of RLS/WED compared to day workers...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425576/evidence-based-and-consensus-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-iron-treatment-of-restless-legs-syndrome-willis-ekbom-disease-in-adults-and-children-an-irlssg-task-force-report
#16
Richard P Allen, Daniel L Picchietti, Michael Auerbach, Yong Won Cho, James R Connor, Christopher J Earley, Diego Garcia-Borreguero, Suresh Kotagal, Mauro Manconi, William Ondo, Jan Ulfberg, John W Winkelman
BACKGROUND: Brain iron deficiency has been implicated in the pathophysiology of RLS, and current RLS treatment guidelines recommend iron treatment when peripheral iron levels are low. In order to assess the evidence on the oral and intravenous (IV) iron treatment of RLS and periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD) in adults and children, the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group (IRLSSG) formed a task force to review these studies and provide evidence-based and consensus guidelines for the iron treatment of RLS in adults, and RLS and PLMD in children...
January 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408974/the-impact-of-sleep-disorders-on-driving-safety-findings-from-the-second-strategic-highway-research-program-naturalistic-driving-study
#17
Shu-Yuan Liu, Miguel A Perez, Nathan Lau
Study Objectives: This study investigated the association between driving safety and seven sleep disorders amongst 3541 participants of the Second Strategic Highway Research Program (SHRP 2) naturalistic driving study. Methods: SHRP 2 collected naturalistic driving data from participants between 16 and 98 years old by instrumenting participants' vehicles. The analyses used logistic regression to determine the likelihood of crash or near-crash involvement, Poisson log-linear regression to assess crash or near-crash rate, and ordinal logistic regression to assess driver maneuver appropriateness and crash or near-crash severity...
April 1, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235044/worse-survival-after-breast-cancer-in-women-with-anorexia-nervosa
#18
Annet Bens, Fotios C Papadopoulos, Eero Pukkala, Anders Ekbom, Mika Gissler, Lene Mellemkjær
PURPOSE: A history of anorexia nervosa has been associated with a reduced risk of developing breast cancer. We investigated survival after breast cancer among women with a prior anorexia nervosa diagnosis compared with women in a population comparison group. METHODS: This register-based study included combined data from Sweden, Denmark and Finland. A total of 76 and 1462 breast cancer cases identified among 22,654 women with anorexia nervosa and 224,619 women in a population comparison group, respectively, were included in the study...
April 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102619/incidence-and-treatment-of-patients-diagnosed-with-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-at-60-years-or-older-in-sweden
#19
Åsa H Everhov, Jonas Halfvarson, Pär Myrelid, Michael C Sachs, Caroline Nordenvall, Jonas Söderling, Anders Ekbom, Martin Neovius, Jonas F Ludvigsson, Johan Askling, Ola Olén
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Diagnosis of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) is increasing among elderly persons (60 years or older). We performed a nationwide population-based study to estimate incidence and treatment of IBD. METHODS: We identified all incident IBD cases in Sweden from 2006 through 2013 using national registers and up to 10 matched population comparator subjects. We collected data on the patients' health care contacts and estimated incidence rates, health service burden, pharmacologic treatments, extra-intestinal manifestations, and surgeries in relation to age of IBD onset (pediatric, <18 years; adults, 18-59 years; elderly, ≥60 years)...
February 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064110/colectomy-prior-to-diagnosis-of-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis-is-associated-with-improved-prognosis-in-a-nationwide-cohort-study-of-2594-psc-ibd-patients
#20
C Nordenvall, O Olén, P J Nilsson, E von Seth, A Ekbom, M Bottai, P Myrelid, A Bergquist
BACKGROUND: Despite the close relationship between primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the association between colectomy and the prognosis of PSC remains controversial. AIM: To explore whether colectomy prior to PSC-diagnosis is associated with transplant-free survival. METHODS: A nationwide cohort study in Sweden including all patients aged 18 to 69 years in whom both PSC and IBD was diagnosed between 1987 and 2014 was undertaken...
January 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
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