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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068148/element-cycling-and-energy-flux-responses-in-ecosystem-simulations-conducted-at-the-chinese-lunar-palace-1
#1
Chen Dong, Yuming Fu, Beizhen Xie, Minjuan Wang, Hong Liu
Bioregenerative life-support systems (BLSS) address interactions between organisms and their environment as an integrated system through the study of factors that regulate the pools and fluxes of materials and energy through ecological systems. As a simple model, using BLSS is very important in the investigation of element cycling and energy flux for sustainable development on Earth. A 105-day experiment with a high degree of closure was carried out in this system from February to May, 2014, with three volunteers...
January 2017: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046047/expectation-or-sensorial-reality-an-empirical-investigation-of-the-biodynamic-calendar-for-wine-drinkers
#2
Wendy V Parr, Dominique Valentin, Phil Reedman, Claire Grose, James A Green
The study's aim was to investigate a central tenet of biodynamic philosophy as applied to wine tasting, namely that wines taste different in systematic ways on days determined by the lunar cycle. Nineteen New Zealand wine professionals tasted blind 12 Pinot noir wines at times determined within the biodynamic calendar for wine drinkers as being favourable (Fruit day) and unfavourable (Root day) for wine tasting. Tasters rated each wine four times, twice on a Fruit day and twice on a Root day, using 20 experimenter-provided descriptors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928860/physical-activity-subjective-sleep-quality-and-time-in-bed-do-not-vary-by-moon-phase-in-german-adolescents
#3
Maia P Smith, Marie Standl, Holger Schulz, Joachim Heinrich
Lunar periodicity in human biology and behaviour, particularly sleep, has been reported. However, estimated relationships vary in direction (more or less sleep with full moon) if they exist at all, and studies tend to be so small that there is potential for confounding by weekly or monthly cycles. Lunar variation in physical activity has been posited as a driver of this relationship, but is likewise not well studied. We explore the association between lunar cycle, sleep and physical activity in a population-based sample of 1411 Germans age 14-17 years (46% male)...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895241/secular-pattern-of-aneurismal-rupture-with-the-lunar-cycle-and-season
#4
Jillian C Banfield, Mohamed Abdolell, Jai S Shankar
BACKGROUND: The lunar cycle and seasons may be associated with rates of rupture of intracranial aneurysms, but the literature is mixed. Studies of the association between the lunar cycle and rates of aneurysm rupture used the eight qualitative moon phases. The purpose of this study was to assess any association of aneurysm rupture with the lunar cycle and with the season. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all cases of subarachnoid haemorrhage secondary to ruptured intracranial aneurysm treated with endovascular coiling in our institution over a 10-year period...
November 28, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820907/box-jellyfish-alatina-alata-has-a-circumtropical-distribution
#5
Jonathan W Lawley, Cheryl Lewis Ames, Bastian Bentlage, Angel Yanagihara, Roger Goodwill, Ehsan Kayal, Kikiana Hurwitz, Allen G Collins
Species of the box jellyfish (Cubozoa) genus Alatina are notorious for their sting along the beaches of several localities of the Atlantic and Pacific. These species include Alatina alata on the Caribbean Island of Bonaire (the Netherlands), A. moseri in Hawaii, and A. mordens in Australia. Most cubozoans inhabit coastal waters, but Alatina is unusual in that specimens have also been collected in the open ocean at great depths. Alatina is notable in that populations form monthly aggregations for spermcast mating in conjunction with the lunar cycle...
October 2016: Biological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813571/transcriptome-survey-of-phototransduction-and-clock-genes-in-marine-bivalves
#6
X J Sun, L Q Zhou, J T Tian, Z H Liu, B Wu, Y H Dong, A G Yang, W M Ma
Marine animals exhibit a variety of biological rhythms, such as solar and lunar-related cycles; however, our current molecular understanding of biological rhythms in marine animals is quite limited. Identifying and understanding the expression patterns of clock genes from available transcriptomes will help elucidate biological rhythms in marine species. Here, we perform a comprehensive survey of phototransduction and circadian genes using the mantle transcriptome of the scallop Patinopecten yessoensis and compare the results with those from three other bivalves...
October 24, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660301/bouncing-on-mars-and-the-moon-the-role-of-gravity-on-neuromuscular-control-correlation-of-muscle-activity-and-rate-of-force-development
#7
Ramona Ritzmann, Kathrin Freyler, Anne Krause, Albert Gollhofer
On our astronomical neighbors Mars and the Moon, bouncing movements are the preferred locomotor techniques. During bouncing, the stretch-shortening cycle describes the muscular activation pattern. This study aimed to identify gravity-dependent changes in kinematic and neuromuscular characteristics in the stretch-shortening cycle. Hence, neuromuscular control of limb muscles as well as correlations between the muscles' pre-activation, reflex components, and force output were assessed in lunar, Martian, and Earth gravity...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580019/lunar-cycle-influences-spontaneous-delivery-in-cows
#8
Tomohiro Yonezawa, Mona Uchida, Michiko Tomioka, Naoaki Matsuki
There is a popular belief that the lunar cycle influences spontaneous delivery in both humans and cattle. To assess this relationship, we investigated the synodic distribution of spontaneous deliveries in domestic Holstein cows. We used retrospective data from 428 spontaneous, full-term deliveries within a three-year period derived from the calving records of a private farm in Hokkaido, Japan. Spontaneous birth frequency increased uniformly from the new moon to the full moon phase and decreased until the waning crescent phase...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540589/rising-sea-levels-will-reduce-extreme-temperature-variations-in-tide-dominated-reef-habitats
#9
Ryan Joseph Lowe, Xavier Pivan, James Falter, Graham Symonds, Renee Gruber
Temperatures within shallow reefs often differ substantially from those in the surrounding ocean; therefore, predicting future patterns of thermal stresses and bleaching at the scale of reefs depends on accurately predicting reef heat budgets. We present a new framework for quantifying how tidal and solar heating cycles interact with reef morphology to control diurnal temperature extremes within shallow, tidally forced reefs. Using data from northwestern Australia, we construct a heat budget model to investigate how frequency differences between the dominant lunar semidiurnal tide and diurnal solar cycle drive ~15-day modulations in diurnal temperature extremes...
August 2016: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507040/lunar-influence-on-prey-availability-diet-shifts-and-niche-overlap-between-engraulidae-larvae-in-tropical-mangrove-creeks
#10
A R A Lima, M Barletta
The influence of the lunar cycle on prey availability, diet shifts and overlap between larval Anchovia clupeoides and Cetengraulis edentulus was evaluated in mangrove creeks of the Goiana Estuary. Copepod eggs were highly abundant in the first and last quarter, at the full moon and zoea of Ucides cordatus (Ocypodidae) in the new moon. The Engraulidae larvae fed on microcrustaceans, algae and early planktonic stages of benthic organisms. The relative importance of prey varied according to prey availability in all moon phases...
October 2016: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406467/development-of-near-zero-water-consumption-cement-materials-via-the-geopolymerization-of-tektites-and-its-implication-for-lunar-construction
#11
Kai-Tuo Wang, Qing Tang, Xue-Min Cui, Yan He, Le-Ping Liu
The environment on the lunar surface poses some difficult challenges to building long-term lunar bases; therefore, scientists and engineers have proposed the creation of habitats using lunar building materials. These materials must meet the following conditions: be resistant to severe lunar temperature cycles, be stable in a vacuum environment, have minimal water requirements, and be sourced from local Moon materials. Therefore, the preparation of lunar building materials that use lunar resources is preferred...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27373816/temporal-windows-of-reproductive-opportunity-reinforce-species-barriers-in-a-marine-broadcast-spawning-assemblage
#12
Carla A Monteiro, Cristina Paulino, Rita Jacinto, Ester A Serrão, Gareth A Pearson
Prezygotic isolating mechanisms act to limit hybridization and maintain the genetic identity of closely-related species. While synchronous intraspecific spawning is a common phenomenon amongst marine organisms and plays an important role in reproductive success, asynchronous spawning between potentially hybridizing lineages may also be important in maintaining species boundaries. We tested this hypothesis by comparing reproductive synchrony over daily to hourly timescales in a sympatric assemblage of intertidal fucoid algae containing selfing hermaphroditic (Fucus spiralis and Fucus guiryi) and dioecious (Fucus vesiculosus and Fucus serratus) species...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27329357/the-tandemly-repeated-ntpase-ntpdase-from-neospora-caninum-is-a-canonical-dense-granule-protein-whose-rna-expression-protein-secretion-and-phosphorylation-coincides-with-the-tachyzoite-egress
#13
Iván Pastor-Fernández, Javier Regidor-Cerrillo, Gema Álvarez-García, Virginia Marugán-Hernández, Paula García-Lunar, Andrew Hemphill, Luis M Ortega-Mora
BACKGROUND: NTPases (also NTPDases) are enzymes with apyrase activity. They are widely distributed among eukaryotes, and also among members of the family Sarcocystidae. In Toxoplasma gondii, the TgNTPase accumulates in the dense granules, and has been commonly associated with the strain virulence. In the closely related Neospora caninum, the NcNTPase lacks nucleoside diphosphate hydrolase activity and appears to be more abundant in virulent isolates, indicating that it may contribute to the pathogenicity of neosporosis...
2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313411/influence-of-lunar-cycles-on-growth-of-ashwagandha-withania-somnifera-l-dunal
#14
Swagata D Tavhare, K Nishteswar, Vinay J Shukla
INTRODUCTION: Ayurvedic classics have advocated to collect the medicinal plants according to part used and seasons in order to get desired pharmacological action and therapeutic benefits. The logic behind this principle is being validated by recent researches. AIM: To analyze the influence of lunar cycles on growth of Ashwagandha in Shishira and Greeshma Ritu (winter and summer season). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen small crops of Ashwagandha of average size 10 cm were collected on October 7, 2013, from institute campus and then replantation was done at Charaka Herbal Garden, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar in an area of 60 cm × 60 cm (l × b)...
July 2015: Ayu
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27273300/amphibian-breeding-phenology-trends-under-climate-change-predicting-the-past-to-forecast-the-future
#15
David M Green
Global climate warming is predicted to hasten the onset of spring breeding by anuran amphibians in seasonal environments. Previous data had indicated that the breeding phenology of a population of Fowler's Toads (Anaxyrus fowleri) at their northern range limit had been progressively later in spring, contrary to generally observed trends in other species. Although these animals are known to respond to environmental temperature and the lunar cycle to commence breeding, the timing of breeding should also be influenced by the onset of overwintering animals' prior upward movement through the soil column from beneath the frost line as winter becomes spring...
June 8, 2016: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27264779/evidence-for-spawning-aggregations-of-the-endangered-atlantic-goliath-grouper-epinephelus-itajara-in-southern-brazil
#16
L S Bueno, A A Bertoncini, C C Koenig, F C Coleman, M O Freitas, J R Leite, T F De Souza, M Hostim-Silva
In this study, seasonal numerical abundance of the critically endangered Atlantic goliath grouper Epinephelus itajara was estimated by conducting scuba dive surveys and calculating sightings-per-unit-effort (SPUE) at three sites in southern Brazil. Seasonal differences in size and reproductive condition of captured or confiscated specimens were compared. The SPUE differed significantly with season, increasing in late spring and peaking during the austral summer months. A significant effect was observed in the number of fish relative to the lunar cycle...
July 2016: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27143799/effect-of-seasonal-variations-on-the-phytoconstituents-of-a%C3%A5-vagandh%C3%A4-w-r-to-lunar-cycles
#17
Swagata Dilip Tavhare, Karra Nishteswar, Vinay J Shukla
INTRODUCTION: Suśruta, Caraka and other ācāryas advocate the collection of medicinal plants keeping in view the part used, season, soil in which the herb grows and the desired pharmacological actions or therapeutic benefits. The logic behind such recommendations is being validated by modern scientific research. AIM: To assess the effect of seasonal variations on the phytoconstituents of Aśvagandhā (Withania somnifera L. Dunal) w.s.r. to lunar cycles. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The plant specimens were collected from Jamnagar identified pharmacognostically and cultivated under a defined habitat in a herbal garden of IPGT and RA on 7 Oct 2013...
January 2016: Ancient Science of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27132135/lunar-phase-modulates-circadian-gene-expression-cycles-in-the-broadcast-spawning-coral-acropora-millepora
#18
Aisling K Brady, Bette L Willis, Lawrence D Harder, Peter D Vize
Many broadcast spawning corals in multiple reef regions release their gametes with incredible temporal precision just once per year, using the lunar cycle to set the night of spawning. Moonlight, rather than tides or other lunar-regulated processes, is thought to be the proximate factor responsible for linking the night of spawning to the phase of the Moon. We compared patterns of gene expression among colonies of the broadcast spawning coral Acropora millepora at different phases of the lunar cycle, and when they were maintained under one of three experimentally simulated lunar lighting treatments: i) lunar lighting conditions matching those on the reef, or lunar patterns mimicking either ii) constant full Moon conditions, or iii) constant new Moon conditions...
April 2016: Biological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27068202/reproduction-in-zonaria-farlowii-i-gametogenesis-sporogenesis-and-embryology-1
#19
L B Liddle
The brown alga Zonaria farlowii which exhibits an alternation of isomorphic generations has been found to be a particularly suitable organism for a comparative study of game to gene sis, sporogenesis, and embryonic development. The germinations of the zygote and spore have been compared and found to be similar. The development of the oogonium and sporangium has been studied with the light and electron microscopes, in an attempt to discern ontogcnetical similarities or differences. The timing and periodicity of oogenesis and sporogenesis were found to differ: oogonial development requires a lunar month from the time of its initiation to the time of egg release which occurs around the first quarter of the moon, whereas the sporangium does not follow this periodicity...
December 1968: Journal of Phycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27047907/are-children-like-werewolves-full-moon-and-its-association-with-sleep-and-activity-behaviors-in-an-international-sample-of-children
#20
Jean-Philippe Chaput, Madyson Weippert, Allana G LeBlanc, Mads F Hjorth, Kim F Michaelsen, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Mark S Tremblay, Tiago V Barreira, Stephanie T Broyles, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Anura Kurpad, Estelle V Lambert, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Victor Matsudo, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Pei Zhao, Anders M Sjödin
In order to verify if the full moon is associated with sleep and activity behaviors, we used a 12-country study providing 33,710 24-h accelerometer recordings of sleep and activity. The present observational, cross-sectional study included 5812 children ages 9-11 years from study sites that represented all inhabited continents and wide ranges of human development (Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Finland, India, Kenya, Portugal, South Africa, United Kingdom, and United States). Three moon phases were used in this analysis: full moon (±4 days; reference), half moon (±5-9 days), and new moon (±10-14 days) from nearest full moon...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
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