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D Carrillo-Quintero, L Del Otero Sanz, S Hernández-Egido, A M Martín Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: Enterobius vermicularis, also known as pinworn, is the responsible agent for Human Enterobiasis. It is one of the most prevalent, but underrated, parasitic disease in children population. Diagnosis involves demonstration of either eggs or adult worms by Graham test. The aim of this study is to describe the clinical, demographic and microbiological features of patients with suspected diagnosis of Enterobiasis in southern Gran Canaria. METHODS: Descriptive and prospective study of perianal samples evaluated by Graham test in the Microbiology Department of `Insular de Gran Canaria´ University Hospital between November 2014 and November 2015...
October 7, 2016: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
Pelagie M Boko, Moudachirou Ibikounle, Ablawa Onzo-Aboki, Jean-Jacques Tougoue, Yollande Sissinto, Wilfrid Batcho, Dorothe Kinde-Gazard, Achille Kabore
In 2013, Benin developed strategies to control neglected tropical diseases and one of the first step was the disease mapping of the entire country in order to identify endemic districts of schistosomiasis and soil transmitted helminths (STH). This study was carried out in 30 of the 77 districts of Benin. Of these 30 districts 22 were previously treated for Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) using the Ivermectin and Albendazole combination. In each district, five schools were selected and 50 children aged 8 to 14 years were sampled in each school, making a total of 250 children sampled in the district...
2016: PloS One
Domenico Risio, Anna Rendine, Luca Napolitano, Cosima Schiavone
INTRODUCTION: Enterobius vermicularis (EV) is the most common parasitic infection in developed countries. Enterobius vermicularis infestation of the appendix can cause symptoms of appendiceal pain, independent of microscopic evidence of acute inflammation. The diagnosis of a parasitic infestation is generally achieved only after the pathologic examination of the resected appendices. CASE REPORT: We present a case of a 23 year old female with enterobiasis of appendix presented with clinical features of acute appendicitis...
2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
C Nwalorzie, S C Onyenakazi, S O Ogwu, A N Okafor
BACKGROUND: Prevalence and risk factors predisposing to intestinal helminthic infections vary widely. Risk factors to intestinal helminthic infections among children have not been documented in Gwagwalada, Nigeria which necessitated present study. OBJECTIVE: To determine risk factors to intestinal helminthiasis among children aged 1-15 years in Gwagwalada, Nigeria. METHODS: Cross-sectional study was carried out from June to November, 2011 in public schools using multi-staged, random sampling...
July 2015: Nigerian Journal of Medicine: Journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria
Shuai Wang, Zhijun Yao, Yichen Hou, Dong Wang, Haizhu Zhang, Jingbo Ma, Luwen Zhang, Shiguo Liu
The present study was performed to assess the prevalence of Enterobius vermicularis infection among preschool children in Xinxiang city, Henan province, China and the changes in the egg positive rate for E. vermicularis over a 10 year period. A total of 510 preschool children in 17 kindergartens were examined using the cellophane-tape perianal swab method in 2003, while 1734 preschool children in 10 kindergartens were examined in 2013 using the same method. The overall egg positive rate for E. vermicularis was 12...
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
Luke Nelson Allen, Alice Yi-Chien Tsai
A teenage girl was admitted to the paediatric assessment unit with non-specific abdominal pain that gradually localised to the right iliac fossa (RIF). She remained systemically well; investigations including blood tests, urine sample and abdominal ultrasound were inconclusive. Surgical opinion was sought and the decision was made to perform a diagnostic laparoscopy due to the ongoing pain. Laparoscopy showed no evidence of any significant pathology, and appendicectomy was performed following the routine practice...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Abraraw Abate, Biniam Kibret, Eylachew Bekalu, Sendeku Abera, Takele Teklu, Aregawi Yalew, Mengistu Endris, Ligabaw Worku, Zinaye Tekeste
Objective. To assess the magnitude of intestinal parasitic infection and associated risk factors in Teda Health Centre, Northwest Ethiopia. Method. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Teda Health Centre from February to April, 2011. Stool samples were collected from 410 study participants and analysed by direct wet mount and formal ether concentration techniques. Furthermore, sociodemographic data were collected by using standardized questionnaire. Result. The overall prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection in this study was 62...
2013: ISRN parasitology
Salih Maçin, Filiz Kaya, Deniz Çağdaş, Hayriye Hizarcioglu-Gulsen, Inci Nur Saltik-Temizel, İlhan Tezcan, Hülya Demir, Sibel Ergüven, Yakut Akyön
The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of intestinal parasites in patients with chronic diarrhea and clarify the importance of these parasitic pathogens in such cases. A total of 60 pediatric patients with chronic diarrhea between June 2012 and October 2014 were enrolled in the study. Out of 60 stool samples, five were positive for Giardia lamblia, two, Dientamoeba fragilis, and one, Blastocystis hominis. One stool sample was positive for Entamoeba hartmanni and B. hominis, another one was positive for G...
June 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
José A Boga, Susana Rojo, Jonathan Fernández, Mercedes Rodríguez, Carmen Iglesias, Pablo Martínez-Camblor, Fernando Vázquez, Azucena Rodríguez-Guardado
OBJECTIVES: Dientamoeba fragilis is a pathogenic protozoan of the human gastrointestinal tract with a worldwide distribution, which has emerged as an important and misdiagnosed cause of chronic gastrointestinal illnesses such as diarrhea and 'irritable-bowel-like' gastrointestinal disease. Very little research has been conducted on the use of suitable antimicrobial compounds. Furthermore, higher rates of co-infection with Enterobius vermicularis have been described, suggesting that E...
August 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Bülent Gökşen, Yeliz Çağan Appak, Nogay Girginkardeşler, Talat Ecemiş, Erhun Kasırga
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of coinfection with Helicobacter pylori and intestinal parasitosis in children with chronic abdominal pain (CAP) and to investigate the common risk factors in the development of both infections. METHODS: Ninety patients with CAP were enrolled in this study. Blood samples of each case were screened for human preformed IgG (HpIgG) antibodies, and stool samples were tested for HpSA and also examined for intestinal parasites by direct wet-mount, formalin-ethyl-acetate concentration, and Trichrome staining procedures...
March 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Hüseyin Can, Tonay İnceboz, Ayşe Caner, Esra Atalay Şahar, Muhammet Karakavuk, Mert Döşkaya, Fehmi Çelebi, Aysu Değirmenci Döşkaya, Sultan Gülçe İz, Yüksel Gürüz, Metin Korkmaz
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) and alveolar echinococcosis (AE) caused by Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus multilocularis, respectively, are important helminthic diseases worldwide as well as in our country. Epidemiological studies conducted in Turkey showed that the prevalence of CE is 291-585/100.000. It has also been showed that the seroprevalence of AE is 3.5%. For the diagnosis of CE and AE, radiological (ultrasonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance) and serological methods, in addition to clinical findings, are being used...
April 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
Burçin Pehlivanoğlu, Başak Doğanavşargil, Murat Sezak, İlke Nalbantoğlu, Metin Korkmaz
OBJECTIVE: Gastrointestinal parasitosis is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Definitive diagnosis is usually made by stool tests and/or serology but may require tissue evaluation. Although pathologists are usually familiar with common parasites, it is not well established whether the diagnosis could be suspected without seeing the "parasite" itself. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Resection or biopsy specimens of 32 cases with Giardia intestinalis (n=20), Enterobius vermicularis (n=5), Entamoeba histolytica (n=4), Fasciola hepatica (n=1), Strongyloides spp...
2016: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
Emna Siala, Imène Toumi, Jihène Béttaieb, Nada Boulehmi, Najet Zallega, Karim Aoun, Aida Bouratbine
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of intestinal parasitosis is very different according to countries. Therefore, it is always interesting to update the data in Tunisia to better direct control measures. AIM: The objectives of this survey were to estimate the prevalence of intestinal parasitosis in the region of Tunis, to study their evolution and to establish various combinations of intestinal protozoa. METHODS: This is a retrospective study carried out over a period of 17 years from 1996 at 2012 and which involved 20033 individuals...
November 2015: La Tunisie Médicale
Yuqian Long, Zhiqiang Qin, Minlan Duan, Shizhu Li, Xiaoqiu Wu, Wei Lin, Jianglin Li, Zilong Zhao, Jing Liu, Dehui Xiong, Yi Huang, Xiaoxiao Hu, Chao Yang, Mao Ye, Weihong Tan
Schistosomiasis is a major parasitic disease caused by blood flukes of the genus Schistosoma. Several million people all over the world are estimated to suffer from severe morbidity as a consequence of schistosomiasis. The worm's eggs, which cause the symptoms of schistosomiasis, are generally used to diagnose the disease. In this study, we employed egg-based systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (egg-SELEX) and identified a panel of ssDNA aptamers specifically binding to eggs derived from S...
2016: Scientific Reports
Xiao-jun Zeng, Zhao-jun Li, Wei-sheng Jiang, Shu-ying Xie, Jun Ge, Hong-yun Liu, Jing Zhang, Cheng-jian Huang, Chun-qin Hang
OBJECTIVE: To understand and analyze the epidemic status of principal human parasites in Jiangxi Province, so as to provide the evidence for formulating The 13rd Five-Year Project of Parasites Control. METHODS: A survey was performed according to the scheme of The 3rd National Survey of Principal Human Parasites as well as the specific situation of Jiangxi Province. The survey of the soil-transmitted nematodes and intestinal protozoa were performed based on the ecological regions and stratified by economic and geographic situation...
December 2015: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Sakhone Laymanivong, Bouasy Hangvanthong, Bounnaloth Insisiengmay, Viengxay Vanisaveth, Pinnakhone Laxachack, Jurairat Jongthawin, Oranuch Sanpool, Tongjit Thanchomnang, Lakkhana Sadaow, Issarapong Phosuk, Rutchanee Rodpai, Wanchai Maleewong, Pewpan M Intapan
Strongyloidiasis is a major soil-transmitted helminth (STH) disease that affects people worldwide. We present updated data on prevalence in the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) in 2015, arising from a community cross-sectional helminthiasis survey. Fecal samples were collected from 327 individuals across three provinces in Lao PDR (Luang Prabang in the north, Khammouane in the center, and Champasack in the south). Agar plate culture and Kato-Katz methods were used to examine duplicate stool samples from each participant to detect Strongyloides stercoralis and co-infecting helminths...
August 2016: Parasitology Research
Shereen M Hamdona, Abdel Monem Lubbad, Adnan I Al-Hindi
Enterobius vermicularis is one of the most common intestinal parasite in human. The main objective of this study is to determine the role of E. vermicularis in appendicitis through histopathological examination. A cross sectional study included 200 patients who had appendectomy from three hospitals in Gaza strip. The inflamed appendix was the cause of attending the hospital. Histopathological examination for each appendix was carried out. A questionnaire was designed (interview with patients who underwent appendectomy), and information were obtained from patient and analyzed by using SPSS...
March 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Faten Limaiem, Nafaa Arfa, Lobna Marsaoui, Saadia Bouraoui, Ahlem Lahmar, Sabeh Mzabi
Pathologic evaluation of the appendix after appendectomy is routine and can occasionally identify unexpected findings. The aim of the present study was to determine the incidence and type of pathologic diagnoses found in appendectomy specimens at our institution. The clinicopathological data of 1627 patients who underwent appendectomies for presumed acute appendicitis from January 2008 to October 2014 were reviewed retrospectively. There were 986 men and 641 women (sex ratio M/F = 1.5) aged between 16 months and 90 years (mean = 30 years)...
December 2015: Indian Journal of Surgery
Biswanath Basu, Tks Mahapatra
Chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a common dialysis treatment modality used to treat children with end-stage renal disease. Dialysis-related infections are the leading cause of technique failure. Enterobius vermicularis infestation indirectly increases the infection rate by causing pruritus around the anus, especially at night. We observed a significant decrease in the total infection rate (2.3 vs 5.4 per patient-year) following regular deworming over a 1-year study period. Regular deworming may be considered to prevent secondary bacterial infections in children on chronic PD...
March 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Shareena Lala, Vipul Upadhyay
BACKGROUND: E nterobius vermicularis is one of the most common parasitic infections of the gastrointestinal tract, and has been shown to infest up to 28% of children worldwide. The role of E . vermicularis in acute appendicitis has previously been questioned, with some studies identifying infection as a precursor for inflammation of the appendix, with others refuting such a link. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of all appendices received for histological analysis at our unit from January 2002 to December 2011 (10-year period), removed in the course of acute appendicectomy in children aged 3 to 15 years...
September 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
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