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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905520/vaginal-enterobius-vermicularis-diagnosed-on-liquid-based-cytology-during-papanicolaou-test-cervical-cancer-screening-a-report-of-two-cases-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
Chun-Yi Tsai, Rachel Junod, Martine Jacot-Guillarmod, Charles Beniere, Sonia Ziadi, Massimo Bongiovanni
Enterobiasis is one of the most common human parasitic infections. It is considered an intestinal parasite, but cases of extra-intestinal affections exist, notably infections of the female genital tract. Enterobius vermicularis (EV) eggs (or ova) have been found in the cervical smears of two patients in our institute during the last 16 years. No gynaecological or gastrointestinal symptoms were reported, and there was no known intestinal infection in these two cases. A review of the available literature revealed rare cases of vaginal enterobiasis, with a wide range of clinical presentations, many patients being asymptomatic...
September 14, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876652/unusual-histopathologies-of-the-appendix
#2
L Jonas, I Bombil, A Mannell
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis is a very common surgical emergency. Most commonly, the histopathological findings of the appendix reflect the normal pathophysiology of appendicitis that starts with the luminal obstruction and culminates in florid suppurative, gangrenous or perforated appendix. The treatment is usually straightforward and consists of surgery and antibiotics. Uncommonly, unusual pathologies are identified and require specific management. The literature is scanty about the unusual findings...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820707/prevalence-of-strongyloides-stercoralis-and-other-intestinal-parasite-infections-in-school-children-in-a-rural-area-of-angola-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
María Luisa Ruíz de Alegría Aznar, Karen Colmenares, Mateu Espasa, Arancha Amor, Isabel Lopez, Arlette Ninda, Joaquina Kanjala, Domingas Guilherme, Elena Sulleiro, Begoña Barriga, Eva Gil, Fernando Salvador, Cristina Bocanegra, Teresa López, Milagros Moreno, Israel Molina
Strongyloides stercoralis is widely distributed in the tropics and subtropics. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of S. stercoralis and other intestinal parasites and identify the risk factors for infection with S. stercoralis in a rural area of Angola. A cross-sectional study was conducted in school-age children (SAC) in Cubal, Angola. A questionnaire collecting clinical and epidemiological variables was used, and two stool samples were collected. A concentration technique (Ritchie) and a technique for detection of larvae migration (Baermann) were performed...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819532/a-case-of-enterobiasis-presenting-as-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-a-curious-case-of-the-infection-with-predominant-mental-health-symptoms-presenting-for-the-first-time-in-the-settings-of-a-refugee-camp
#4
Georgios Karamitros, Nikolaos Kitsos, Fotios Athanasopoulos
Enterobiasis (oxyuriasis) is a common infection in human caused by Enterobius vermicularis (E. vermicularis), a human intestinal helminth. Because of the easy way of its transmission among people, it has an extremely high prevalence in overcrowded conditions, such as nurseries and primary schools. Oxyuriasis's symptoms are extremely diverse in children, ranging from nausea, diarrhea, insomnia, irritability, recurrent cellulitis, loss of appetite, nightmares and endometritis. Here we report a curious case of oxyuriasis in the settings of a refugee camp in Greece...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761475/the-helminths-causing-surgical-or-endoscopic-abdominal-intervention-a-review-article
#5
REVIEW
Erdal Uysal, Mehmet Dokur
BACKGROUND: Helminths sometimes require surgical or endoscopic intervention. Helminths may cause acute abdomen, mechanical intestinal obstruction, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, perforation, hepatitis, pancreatitis, and appendicitis. This study aimed to determine the surgical diseases that helminths cause and to gather, analyze the case reports, case series and original articles about this topic in literature. METHODS: This study was designed as a retrospective observational study...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747239/palaeoparasitology-and-palaeogenetics-review-and-perspectives-for-the-study-of-ancient-human-parasites
#6
Nathalie M-L Côté, Matthieu LE Bailly
While some species of parasites can be identified to species level from archaeological remains using microscopy (i.e. Enterobius vermicularis, Clonorchis sinensis), others can only be identified to family or genus level as different species produce eggs with similar morphology (i.e. Tænia sp. and Echinococcus sp.). Molecular and immunological approaches offer the possibility to provide more precise determination at the species level. They can also identify taxa when classic parasite markers such as eggs or cysts have been destroyed over time...
July 27, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695829/does-the-intestinal-parasite-enterobius-vermicularis-cause-acute-appendicitis
#7
Yavuz Pirhan, Fatma Zeynep Özen, Çetin Kılınç, Rıdvan Güçkan
OBJECTIVE: Although intestinal parasitic infections rarely cause acute appendicitis, they are common public health problems in undeveloped and developing countries. Parasitic infections should be kept in mind in patients clinically suspected of having acute appendicitis, and treatment procedures should be adopted according to the etiology. METHODS: Herein we presented the cases of four patients with clinical findings of acute appendicitis. Patients were clinically suspected of having acute appendicitis, and Enterobius vermicularis was detected in the pathological examinations of specimens...
June 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690027/enterobius-vermicularis-infection-and-its-risk-factors-among-pre-school-children-in-taipei-taiwan
#8
Kuang-Yao Chen, Chuan-Min Yen, Kao-Pin Hwang, Lian-Chen Wang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of pinworm infection is extremely low in Taipei, Taiwan. This population study was designed to determine the current status and the associated risk factors of this infection among pre-school children. METHODS: Perianal swab specimens were obtained from the parents or guardians using a two-consecutive-day adhesive cellophane perianal swab kit. Information of family background, personal hygiene, and household sanitary conditions were collected by asking the parents or guardians to complete a questionnaire...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654741/intestinal-parasites-in-stool-samples-and-perianal-swabs-examined-by-the-voivodeship-sanitary-epidemiological-station-in-bydgoszcz-between-2000-2014
#9
Jerzy Kasprzak, Bożena Szaładzińska, Małgorzata Smoguła, Marcin Ziuziakowski
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological conditions are changing due to the modifications in human behavior and environment. Parasitic diseases are most often caused by intestinal parasites. The frequency of Echinococcus multilocularis and tropical diseases increases in Poland. AIM OF STUDY: Analysis of intestinal parasites’ occurrence in stool samples and perianal swabs tested in Medical Diagnostics Department of The Voivodeship Sanitary-Epidemiological Station in Bydgoszcz between 2000-2014...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615087/association-between-intestinal-helminth-infections-and-mid-upper-arm-circumference-among-children-in-sri-lanka-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
L S Galgamuwa, D Iddawela, S D Dharmaratne
Intestinal helminth infections constitute a major health problem in low socio-economic communities worldwide. A cross-sectional study was conducted in children aged between 12 and 60 months. A structured questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic data and stool samples were subjected to direct smear, stained with Lugol's iodine, and formaldehyde-ether concentration techniques to determine the prevalence of intestinal helminth infections. The circumference of each child's left mid upper arm (MUAC) was measured using standard procedures...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614462/-cross-sectional-study-of-intestinal-parasitosis-in-child-populations-in-argentina
#11
Graciela Teresa Navone, María Lorena Zonta, Paola Cociancic, Mariela Garraza, María Inés Gamboa, Luis Alberto Giambelluca, Silvia Dahinten, Evelia Edith Oyhenart
Objective: Determine the distribution of intestinal parasitosis in children in nine provinces representative of Argentina's mosaic of contrasting environments. Methods: Descriptive, observational, cross-sectional study of preschool children (5 years old or under) and school-age children (6-14 years) in the provinces of Buenos Aires (sample taken between 2005 and 2013), Chubut (2010-2013), Corrientes (2012), Entre Ríos (2010-2012), Formosa (2014), La Pampa (2006), Mendoza (2008-2011), Misiones (2005-2008 and 2013), and Salta (2012-2013)...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603232/prevalence-of-intestinal-parasitoses-detected-in-padua-teaching-hospital-italy-march-2011-february-2013
#12
Andrea Bartolini, Giulia Zorzi, Valeria Besutti
The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of parasitic intestinal infections in patients attending Padua teaching hospital during a two-year period. Between 1st March 2011 and 28th February 2013, we examined stool specimens from 7341 patients (6127 Italians, 1214 non-Italians) for ova and parasites using microscopy, rapid enzyme immunoassays, culture techniques and molecular methods. Stools of 1080 patients (14.71%) were positive for parasites; a total of 1349 intestinal parasites were counted...
June 1, 2017: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562805/high-prevalence-of-enteroparasites-in-children-from-ribeir%C3%A3-o-preto-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#13
Renata Elizabete Pagotti da Fonseca, Michelle Christiane Rodrigues Barbosa, Beatriz Rossetti Ferreira
Objective: To determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites and possible associated factors. Method: Cross-sectional epidemiological study of 962 children (3-12-years) from an area within the scope of a basic health unit in Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil. Data were collected by home interviews and three-sample stool analysis and evaluated with the chi-square and Fisher's exact tests (p<0.05). Results: The prevalence of intestinal parasites was significantly high (57...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540154/prevalence-of-enterobius-vermicularis-among-children-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Mahmood Moosazadeh, Ghasem Abedi, Mahdi Afshari, Seif Ali Mahdavi, Fereshteh Farshidi, Elham Kheradmand
OBJECTIVES: Enterobius vermicularis is a parasitic disease that is common in crowded areas such as schools and kindergartens. Primary investigations of electronic evidence have reported different prevalences of E. vermicularis in Iran. Therefore, we aimed to estimate the total prevalence of this infection among Iranian children using a meta-analysis. METHODS: Relevant studies were identified in national and international databases. We selected eligible papers for meta-analysis after investigating titles, abstracts, and full texts; assessing study quality; and applying inclusion/exclusion criteria...
April 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420930/enterobius-vermicularis-in-tubo-ovarian-abscess-a-rare-and-interesting-incidental-finding-a-case-report
#15
Faryal Saleem, Faizan Malik, Saira Fatima
Enterobius vermicularis is a common intestinal nematode; however, rare extraintestinal Enterobius infections have been reported from different parts of the world. Here, we present a case of tubo-ovarian abscess in an otherwise healthy young sexually active female with no known comorbids with history of on and off lower abdominal pain for one year and high grade fever for one month. On the basis of further workup and radiological evaluation, a preoperative diagnosis of right sided tubo-ovarian abscess was made and salpingo-oophorectomy was performed laproscopically in July 2015...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341675/enterobius-vermicularis-as-a-novel-surrogate-for-the-presence-of-helminth-ova-in-tertiary-wastewater-treatment-plants
#16
Sydney P Rudko, Norma J Ruecker, Nicholas J Ashbolt, Norman F Neumann, Patrick C Hanington
Significant effort has gone into assessing the fate and removal of viruses, bacteria, and protozoan parasites during wastewater treatment to provide data addressing potential health risks associated with reuse options. Comparatively less is known about the fate of parasitic worm species ova in these complex systems. It is largely assumed that these helminths settle, are removed with the sludge, and consequently represent a relatively low risk for wastewater reuse applications. However, helminths are a highly diverse group of organisms that display a wide range of physical properties that complicate the application of a single treatment for helminth reduction during wastewater treatment...
June 1, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251230/parasitic-infestation-in-appendicitis-a-retrospective-analysis-of-660-patients-and-brief-literature-review
#17
Eren Altun, Veli Avci, Meltem Azatcam
To investigate the incidence of parasitic infestations and inflammation accompanying parasitosis in a series of appendectomy cases.  Methods: Six-hundred-sixty  patients who had undergone appendectomy in Bingöl State Hospital, Bingol, Turkey with the preliminary diagnosis of appendicitis between January 2012 and February 2015 were included in this retrospective study. They were retrospectively evaluated in terms of age, gender and pathological findings. Cases diagnosed with parasitic infestations were re-evaluated histopathologically for inflammatory response...
March 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229042/an-investigation-of-parasitic-infections-and-review-of-molecular-characterization-of-the-intestinal-protozoa-in-nonhuman-primates-in-china-from-2009-to-2015
#18
Junqiang Li, Haiju Dong, Rongjun Wang, Fuchang Yu, Yayun Wu, Yankai Chang, Chenrong Wang, Meng Qi, Longxian Zhang
Parasites are a well-known threat to nonhuman primate (NHP) populations, and potentially cause zoonotic diseases in humans. In this study, the basic data was provided of the parasites in NHPs and the molecular characterization of the Enterocytozoon bieneusi, Giardia duodenalis, Cryptosporidium spp., and Entamoeba spp. were reviewed, which were found in these samples. A total of 3349 fecal samples were collected from 34 species reared at 17 districts in zoos, farms, free-range, or research laboratories, and examined microscopically...
April 2017: International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096322/enterobius-vermicularis-presentation-during-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#19
Lachlan Dick, Jonathan Hannay
Enterobius vermicularis infection is uncommon in adults, compared to children, and rarely causes significant illness. Adult infection is usually colonic in nature and found incidentally at colonoscopy. Worm migration to other tissues is rare. We here-in describe the case of a 73-year-old woman found to have biliary tree E. vermicularis-an as yet undescribed site of migration.
January 17, 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093543/intestinal-parasite-infections-and-accuracy-of-direct-thin-and-thick-smear-formol-ether-sedimentation-centrifugal-flotation-and-mini-flotac-techniques-among-patients-with-gastrointestinal-tract-disorders-from-the-greater-cairo-region-egypt
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Atef H Hussein, Samia M Rashed, Ibrahim A El-Hayawan, Nagwa S M Aly, Eman A Abou Ouf, Amira T Ali
AbstractThe aim of the present study was to assess the frequency of intestinal parasitic infection among patients with gastrointestinal tract disorders from the Greater Cairo region, Egypt. In addition, a comparison was made of the accuracy of direct thin and thick smear, formol-ether sedimentation (FEC), centrifugal flotation (CF), and mini-FLOTAC techniques in the diagnosis of infection. Out of 100 patients, the overall prevalence of parasitic infection was 51%. Only 6% had dual infection. Giardia lamblia was the most common parasite (26%), followed by Hymenolepis nana (20%), Entamoeba coli (8%), and Enterobius vermicularis (3%)...
March 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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