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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341675/investigating-enterobius-vermicularis-as-a-novel-surrogate-of-helminth-ova-presence-in-tertiary-wastewater-treatment-plants
#1
Sydney P Rudko, Norma J Ruecker, Nicholas J Ashbolt, Norman F Neumann, Patrick C Hanington
Significant effort has gone into assessing the fate and removal of viruses, bacteria and protozoan parasites during wastewater treatment to provide data addressing potential health risks associated with reuse options. Comparatively less is known about the fate of parasitic worm ova species in these complex systems. It is largely assumed that these helminths settle and are removed with the sludge, and consequently represent a relatively low risk for wastewater reuse applications. However, helminths are a highly diverse group of organisms that display a wide range of physical properties that complicate the application of a single performance expectation for helminth reduction during wastewater treatment...
March 24, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251230/parasitic-infestation-in-appendicitis-a-retrospective-analysis-of-660-patients-and-brief-literature-review
#2
Eren Altun, Veli Avci, Meltem Azatcam
To investigate the incidence of parasitic infestations and inflammation accompanying parasitosis in a series of appendectomy cases.  Methods: Six-hundred-sixty  patients who had undergone appendectomy in Bingöl State Hospital, Bingol, Turkey with the preliminary diagnosis of appendicitis between January 2012 and February 2015 were included in this retrospective study. They were retrospectively evaluated in terms of age, gender and pathological findings. Cases diagnosed with parasitic infestations were re-evaluated histopathologically for inflammatory response...
March 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229042/an-investigation-of-parasitic-infections-and-review-of-molecular-characterization-of-the-intestinal-protozoa-in-nonhuman-primates-in-china-from-2009-to-2015
#3
Junqiang Li, Haiju Dong, Rongjun Wang, Fuchang Yu, Yayun Wu, Yankai Chang, Chenrong Wang, Meng Qi, Longxian Zhang
Parasites are a well-known threat to nonhuman primate (NHP) populations, and potentially cause zoonotic diseases in humans. In this study, the basic data was provided of the parasites in NHPs and the molecular characterization of the Enterocytozoon bieneusi, Giardia duodenalis, Cryptosporidium spp., and Entamoeba spp. were reviewed, which were found in these samples. A total of 3349 fecal samples were collected from 34 species reared at 17 districts in zoos, farms, free-range, or research laboratories, and examined microscopically...
April 2017: International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096322/enterobius-vermicularis-presentation-during-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#4
Lachlan Dick, Jonathan Hannay
Enterobius vermicularis infection is uncommon in adults, compared to children, and rarely causes significant illness. Adult infection is usually colonic in nature and found incidentally at colonoscopy. Worm migration to other tissues is rare. We here-in describe the case of a 73-year-old woman found to have biliary tree E. vermicularis-an as yet undescribed site of migration.
January 17, 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093543/intestinal-parasite-infections-and-accuracy-of-direct-thin-and-thick-smear-formol-ether-sedimentation-centrifugal-flotation-and-mini-flotac-techniques-among-patients-with-gastrointestinal-tract-disorders-from-the-greater-cairo-region-egypt
#5
Atef H Hussein, Samia M Rashed, Ibrahim A El-Hayawan, Nagwa S Ali, Eman A Abou Ouf, Amira T Ali
The aim of the present study was to assess the frequency of intestinal parasitic infection among patients with gastrointestinal tract disorders from the Greater Cairo region, Egypt. In addition, a comparison was made of the accuracy of direct thin and thick smear, formol-ether sedimentation (FEC), centrifugal flotation (CF), and mini-FLOTAC techniques in the diagnosis of infection. Out of 100 patients, the overall prevalence of parasitic infection was 51%. Only 6% had dual infection. Giardia lamblia was the most common parasite (26%), followed by Hymenolepis nana (20%), Entamoeba coli (8%), and Enterobius vermicularis (3%)...
January 16, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074315/the-roundworm-strongyloides-stercoralis-in-children-dogs-and-soil-inside-and-outside-a-segregated-settlement-in-eastern-slovakia-frequent-but-hardly-detectable-parasite
#6
G Štrkolcová, M Goldová, E Bocková, J Mojžišová
A comparative study was carried out to evaluate the Strongyloides stercoralis infections in children and dogs inside and outside the segregated settlement in Medzev, Eastern Slovakia, and a survey of the soil within the settlement was included. Applying the Koga agar plate (KAP) culture method and microscopy examination of stool samples collected from 60 Roma and 21 nonRoma children, no larvae of S. stercoralis were detected but eggs of three nematodes (Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, and Enterobius vermicularis) and cysts of two protozoan endoparasites (Giardia duodenalis and Cryptosporidium spp...
January 10, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007484/diagnosis-of-intestinal-parasites-in-a-rural-community-of-venezuela-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-using-microscopy-or-rt-pcr
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Renzo Nino Incani, Elizabeth Ferrer, Denise Hoek, Robbert Ramak, Jeroen Roelfsema, Lapo Mughini-Gras, Titia Kortbeek, Elena Pinelli
A cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence and diagnostic performance of microscopy and real time PCR (RT-PCR) for 14 intestinal parasites in a Venezuelan rural community with a long history of persistent intestinal parasitic infections despite the implementation of regular anthelminthic treatments. A total of 228 participants were included in this study. A multiplex RT-PCR was used for the detection of Dientamoeba fragilis, Giardia intestinalis, Cryptosporidium sp. and a monoplex RT-PCR for Entamoeba histolytica...
March 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992978/-concordance-between-the-zinc-sulphate-flotation-and-centrifugal-sedimentation-methods-for-the-diagnosis-of-intestinal-parasites
#8
Elizabete De Jesus Inês, Flavia Thamiris Figueiredo Pacheco, Milena Carneiro Pinto, Patrícia Silva de Almeida Mendes, Hugo Da Costa-Ribeiro, Neci Matos Soares, Márcia Cristina Aquino Teixeira
INTRODUCTION: The diagnosis of intestinal parasitic infections depends on the parasite load, the specific gravity density of the parasite eggs, oocysts or cysts, and the density and viscosity of flotation or sedimentation medium where faeces are processed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the concordance between zinc sulphate flotation and centrifugal sedimentation in the recovery of parasites in faecal samples of children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Faecal samples of 330 children from day care centers were evaluated by zinc sulphate flotation and centrifugal sedimentation techniques...
December 1, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905282/distribution-of-parasites-detected-in-stool-samples-of-patients-admitted-to-our-parasitology-laboratory-during-a-three-year-period-between-2012-and-2014
#9
Mehmet Burak Selek, Bayhan Bektöre, Ergenekon Karagöz, Orhan Baylan, Mustafa Özyurt
OBJECTIVE: Parasitic diseases are among the major public health issues worldwide. A number of tests are available for diagnosis, but the sentivity and specifity of these tests are assumed to be insufficient. Nevertheless, the most common diagnostic method is microscopic examination. In this study, we aimed to introduce the distribution of parasites detected in stool samples of patients admitted to our laboratory on the basis of parameters such as, age, and gender during a 3-year period between 2012 and 2014...
September 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876982/prevalence-of-enterobius-vermicularis-infection-among-preschool-children-babol-north-of-iran
#10
Seyed Ali Norbakhsh Amiri, Mohammad Taghi Rahimi, Seif Ali Mahdavi, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Omid Ramzani, Ali Farrokhi Koshk, Reza Rosbehan, Seyed Abolghasem Siyadatpanah
Enterobius vermicularis or pinworm, is considered as one of the most frequently encountered intestinal nematodes and infects millions of people throughout the world particularly children. Some symptoms of the infection including Anal itching, restlessness, insomnia, endometritis, abdominal cramps, diarrhea and etc. The purpose of the present study was to determine the status of enterobiasis in kindergarten and preschool children of kindergartens from Amir Kola, Babol Mazandaran Province, North of Iran. A total number of 126 (70 boys and 56 girls) children from four kindergartens from Amir Kola, Babol, Mazandaran Province, North of Iran were examined for the prevalence of E...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876961/intestinal-helminth-infections-among-children-of-district-shopian-of-kashmir-valley-india
#11
Showkat Ahmad Wani, Ayshia Amin
Intestinal helminth infections are amongst the most common infections worldwide. Studies in other districts of Kashmir Valley revealed a high prevalence of intestinal helminth infections among the children. The objectives of the current study were to determine the prevalence of intestinal helminth infections among children of Shopian district and to identify associated socio-demographic and environmental actors, behavioral habits and also related complaints. Stool samples were collected from 352 children and a questionnaire was filled for each case...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876942/prevalence-of-enterobius-vermicularis-amongst-kindergartens-and-preschool-children-in-mazandaran-province-north-of-iran
#12
Narges Afrakhteh, Zahra Marhaba, Seif Ali Mahdavi, Sahar Garoosian, Reyhaneh Mirnezhad, Mahsa Eshkevar Vakili, Haniye Ahmadi Shahraj, Behzad Javadian, Rozita Rezaei, Mahmood Moosazadeh
Enterobiasis (oxyuriasis) is probably the most common helminth, which infects humans. Amongst different age groups, prevalence of Enterobius vermicularis in children is high compared to adults. Oxyuriasis is one of the most significant parasitic diseases of children. This nematode in children can result in loss of appetite, insomnia, grinding of the teeth, restlessness, endometritis, abdominal cramps, diarrhea and etc. Due to important complications of this parasite, the objective of the current study was to determine the prevalence of enterobiasis in kindergarten and preschool children of Amol, Mazandaran Province, North of Iran...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853116/temporal-and-spatial-distribution-of-enterobius-vermicularis-nematoda-oxyuridae-in-the-prehistoric-americas
#13
REVIEW
Karl J Reinhard, Adauto Araújo, Johnica J Morrow
Investigations of Enterobius sp. infection in prehistory have produced a body of data that can be used to evaluate the geographic distribution of infection through time in the Americas. Regional variations in prevalence are evident. In North America, 119 pinworm positive samples were found in 1,112 samples from 28 sites with a prevalence of 10.7%. Almost all of the positive samples came from agricultural sites. From Brazil, 0 pinworm positive samples were found in 325 samples from 7 sites. For the Andes region, 22 pinworm positive samples were found in 411 samples from 26 sites for a prevalence of 5...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806046/migrant-workers-in-malaysia-current-implications-of-sociodemographic-and-environmental-characteristics-in-the-transmission-of-intestinal-parasitic-infections
#14
Norhidayu Sahimin, Yvonne A L Lim, Farnaza Ariffin, Jerzy M Behnke, John W Lewis, Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain
A cross-sectional study of intestinal parasitic infections amongst migrant workers in Malaysia was conducted. A total of 388 workers were recruited from five sectors including manufacturing, construction, plantation, domestic and food services. The majority were recruited from Indonesia (n = 167, 43.3%), followed by Nepal (n = 81, 20.9%), Bangladesh (n = 70, 18%), India (n = 47, 12.1%) and Myanmar (n = 23, 5.9.2%). A total of four nematode species (Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, Enterobius vermicularis and hookworms), one cestode (Hymenolepis nana) and three protozoan species (Entamoeba histolytica/dispar, Giardia sp...
November 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800099/prevalence-of-anaemia-among-quranic-school-khalawi-students-heiran-in-wad-el-magboul-village-rural-rufaa-gezira-state-central-sudan-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Mohammed Saeed Elsamani Eltayeb, Awad Eseed Elsaeed, Ahmed Abdalla Mohamedani, Abbas Abdalrahman Assayed
INTRODUCTION: This is a cross sectional descriptive community-based study. The aim was to assess the prevalence of anaemia among quranic schoolchildren in khalawi Wad EL Magboul village, rural Rufaa, Gezira State, central Sudan. METHODS: A sample of 180 male participants were included in the study. Informed consent was obtained. Venous blood samples were obtained to measure the hematological parameters and blood films for malaria parasites. Urine and stool analyses were also done...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714399/-demographic-and-clinical-features-of-diagnosed-individuals-of-enterobiasis-in-the-southern-gran-canaria-sampling-assessment
#16
D Carrillo-Quintero, L Del Otero Sanz, S Hernández-Egido, A M Martín Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: Enterobius vermicularis, also known as pinworn, is the responsible agent for Human Enterobiasis. It is one of the most prevalent, but underrated, parasitic disease in children population. Diagnosis involves demonstration of either eggs or adult worms by Graham test. The aim of this study is to describe the clinical, demographic and microbiological features of patients with suspected diagnosis of Enterobiasis in southern Gran Canaria. METHODS: Descriptive and prospective study of perianal samples evaluated by Graham test in the Microbiology Department of `Insular de Gran Canaria´ University Hospital between November 2014 and November 2015...
December 2016: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643795/schistosomiasis-and-soil-transmitted-helminths-distribution-in-benin-a-baseline-prevalence-survey-in-30-districts
#17
Pelagie M Boko, Moudachirou Ibikounle, Ablawa Onzo-Aboki, Jean-Jacques Tougoue, Yollande Sissinto, Wilfrid Batcho, Dorothe Kinde-Gazard, Achille Kabore
In 2013, Benin developed strategies to control neglected tropical diseases and one of the first step was the disease mapping of the entire country in order to identify endemic districts of schistosomiasis and soil transmitted helminths (STH). This study was carried out in 30 of the 77 districts of Benin. Of these 30 districts 22 were previously treated for Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) using the Ivermectin and Albendazole combination. In each district, five schools were selected and 50 children aged 8 to 14 years were sampled in each school, making a total of 250 children sampled in the district...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585284/appendicitis-by-enterobius-vermicularis-presenting-with-recurrent-abdominal-pain-and-eosinophilia-a-case-report
#18
Domenico Risio, Anna Rendine, Luca Napolitano, Cosima Schiavone
INTRODUCTION: Enterobius vermicularis (EV) is the most common parasitic infection in developed countries. Enterobius vermicularis infestation of the appendix can cause symptoms of appendiceal pain, independent of microscopic evidence of acute inflammation. The diagnosis of a parasitic infestation is generally achieved only after the pathologic examination of the resected appendices. CASE REPORT: We present a case of a 23 year old female with enterobiasis of appendix presented with clinical features of acute appendicitis...
February 29, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487594/predictors-of-intestinal-helminthic-infections-among-school-children-in-gwagwalada-abuja-nigeria
#19
C Nwalorzie, S C Onyenakazi, S O Ogwu, A N Okafor
BACKGROUND: Prevalence and risk factors predisposing to intestinal helminthic infections vary widely. Risk factors to intestinal helminthic infections among children have not been documented in Gwagwalada, Nigeria which necessitated present study. OBJECTIVE: To determine risk factors to intestinal helminthiasis among children aged 1-15 years in Gwagwalada, Nigeria. METHODS: Cross-sectional study was carried out from June to November, 2011 in public schools using multi-staged, random sampling...
July 2015: Nigerian Journal of Medicine: Journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460881/prevalence-of-enterobius-vermicularis-among-preschool-children-in-2003-and-2013-in-xinxiang-city-henan-province-central-china
#20
Shuai Wang, Zhijun Yao, Yichen Hou, Dong Wang, Haizhu Zhang, Jingbo Ma, Luwen Zhang, Shiguo Liu
The present study was performed to assess the prevalence of Enterobius vermicularis infection among preschool children in Xinxiang city, Henan province, China and the changes in the egg positive rate for E. vermicularis over a 10 year period. A total of 510 preschool children in 17 kindergartens were examined using the cellophane-tape perianal swab method in 2003, while 1734 preschool children in 10 kindergartens were examined in 2013 using the same method. The overall egg positive rate for E. vermicularis was 12...
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
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