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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747239/palaeoparasitology-and-palaeogenetics-review-and-perspectives-for-the-study-of-ancient-human-parasites
#1
Nathalie M-L Côté, Matthieu LE Bailly
While some species of parasites can be identified to species level from archaeological remains using microscopy (i.e. Enterobius vermicularis, Clonorchis sinensis), others can only be identified to family or genus level as different species produce eggs with similar morphology (i.e. Tænia sp. and Echinococcus sp.). Molecular and immunological approaches offer the possibility to provide more precise determination at the species level. They can also identify taxa when classic parasite markers such as eggs or cysts have been destroyed over time...
July 27, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695829/does-the-intestinal-parasite-enterobius-vermicularis-cause-acute-appendicitis
#2
Yavuz Pirhan, Fatma Zeynep Özen, Çetin Kılınç, Rıdvan Güçkan
OBJECTIVE: Although intestinal parasitic infections rarely cause acute appendicitis, they are common public health problems in undeveloped and developing countries. Parasitic infections should be kept in mind in patients clinically suspected of having acute appendicitis, and treatment procedures should be adopted according to the etiology. METHODS: Herein we presented the cases of four patients with clinical findings of acute appendicitis. Patients were clinically suspected of having acute appendicitis, and Enterobius vermicularis was detected in the pathological examinations of specimens...
June 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690027/enterobius-vermicularis-infection-and-its-risk-factors-among-pre-school-children-in-taipei-taiwan
#3
Kuang-Yao Chen, Chuan-Min Yen, Kao-Pin Hwang, Lian-Chen Wang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of pinworm infection is extremely low in Taipei, Taiwan. This population study was designed to determine the current status and the associated risk factors of this infection among pre-school children. METHODS: Perianal swab specimens were obtained from the parents or guardians using a two-consecutive-day adhesive cellophane perianal swab kit. Information of family background, personal hygiene, and household sanitary conditions were collected by asking the parents or guardians to complete a questionnaire...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654741/intestinal-parasites-in-stool-samples-and-perianal-swabs-examined-by-the-voivodeship-sanitary-epidemiological-station-in-bydgoszcz-between-2000-2014
#4
Jerzy Kasprzak, Bożena Szaładzińska, Małgorzata Smoguła, Marcin Ziuziakowski
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological conditions are changing due to the modifications in human behavior and environment. Parasitic diseases are most often caused by intestinal parasites. The frequency of Echinococcus multilocularis and tropical diseases increases in Poland. AIM OF STUDY: Analysis of intestinal parasites’ occurrence in stool samples and perianal swabs tested in Medical Diagnostics Department of The Voivodeship Sanitary-Epidemiological Station in Bydgoszcz between 2000-2014...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615087/association-between-intestinal-helminth-infections-and-mid-upper-arm-circumference-among-children-in-sri-lanka-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
L S Galgamuwa, D Iddawela, S D Dharmaratne
Intestinal helminth infections constitute a major health problem in low socio-economic communities worldwide. A cross-sectional study was conducted in children aged between 12 and 60 months. A structured questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic data and stool samples were subjected to direct smear, stained with Lugol's iodine, and formaldehyde-ether concentration techniques to determine the prevalence of intestinal helminth infections. The circumference of each child's left mid upper arm (MUAC) was measured using standard procedures...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614462/-cross-sectional-study-of-intestinal-parasitosis-in-child-populations-in-argentina
#6
Graciela Teresa Navone, María Lorena Zonta, Paola Cociancic, Mariela Garraza, María Inés Gamboa, Luis Alberto Giambelluca, Silvia Dahinten, Evelia Edith Oyhenart
Objective: Determine the distribution of intestinal parasitosis in children in nine provinces representative of Argentina's mosaic of contrasting environments. Methods: Descriptive, observational, cross-sectional study of preschool children (5 years old or under) and school-age children (6-14 years) in the provinces of Buenos Aires (sample taken between 2005 and 2013), Chubut (2010-2013), Corrientes (2012), Entre Ríos (2010-2012), Formosa (2014), La Pampa (2006), Mendoza (2008-2011), Misiones (2005-2008 and 2013), and Salta (2012-2013)...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603232/prevalence-of-intestinal-parasitoses-detected-in-padua-teaching-hospital-italy-march-2011-february-2013
#7
Andrea Bartolini, Giulia Zorzi, Valeria Besutti
The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of parasitic intestinal infections in patients attending Padua teaching hospital during a two-year period. Between 1st March 2011 and 28th February 2013, we examined stool specimens from 7341 patients (6127 Italians, 1214 non-Italians) for ova and parasites using microscopy, rapid enzyme immunoassays, culture techniques and molecular methods. Stools of 1080 patients (14.71%) were positive for parasites; a total of 1349 intestinal parasites were counted...
June 1, 2017: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562805/high-prevalence-of-enteroparasites-in-children-from-ribeir%C3%A3-o-preto-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#8
Renata Elizabete Pagotti da Fonseca, Michelle Christiane Rodrigues Barbosa, Beatriz Rossetti Ferreira
Objective: To determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites and possible associated factors. Method: Cross-sectional epidemiological study of 962 children (3-12-years) from an area within the scope of a basic health unit in Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil. Data were collected by home interviews and three-sample stool analysis and evaluated with the chi-square and Fisher's exact tests (p<0.05). Results: The prevalence of intestinal parasites was significantly high (57...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540154/prevalence-of-enterobius-vermicularis-among-children-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Mahmood Moosazadeh, Ghasem Abedi, Mahdi Afshari, Seif Ali Mahdavi, Fereshteh Farshidi, Elham Kheradmand
OBJECTIVES: Enterobius vermicularis is a parasitic disease that is common in crowded areas such as schools and kindergartens. Primary investigations of electronic evidence have reported different prevalences of E. vermicularis in Iran. Therefore, we aimed to estimate the total prevalence of this infection among Iranian children using a meta-analysis. METHODS: Relevant studies were identified in national and international databases. We selected eligible papers for meta-analysis after investigating titles, abstracts, and full texts; assessing study quality; and applying inclusion/exclusion criteria...
April 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420930/enterobius-vermicularis-in-tubo-ovarian-abscess-a-rare-and-interesting-incidental-finding-a-case-report
#10
Faryal Saleem, Faizan Malik, Saira Fatima
Enterobius vermicularis is a common intestinal nematode; however, rare extraintestinal Enterobius infections have been reported from different parts of the world. Here, we present a case of tubo-ovarian abscess in an otherwise healthy young sexually active female with no known comorbids with history of on and off lower abdominal pain for one year and high grade fever for one month. On the basis of further workup and radiological evaluation, a preoperative diagnosis of right sided tubo-ovarian abscess was made and salpingo-oophorectomy was performed laproscopically in July 2015...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341675/enterobius-vermicularis-as-a-novel-surrogate-for-the-presence-of-helminth-ova-in-tertiary-wastewater-treatment-plants
#11
Sydney P Rudko, Norma J Ruecker, Nicholas J Ashbolt, Norman F Neumann, Patrick C Hanington
Significant effort has gone into assessing the fate and removal of viruses, bacteria, and protozoan parasites during wastewater treatment to provide data addressing potential health risks associated with reuse options. Comparatively less is known about the fate of parasitic worm species ova in these complex systems. It is largely assumed that these helminths settle, are removed with the sludge, and consequently represent a relatively low risk for wastewater reuse applications. However, helminths are a highly diverse group of organisms that display a wide range of physical properties that complicate the application of a single treatment for helminth reduction during wastewater treatment...
June 1, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251230/parasitic-infestation-in-appendicitis-a-retrospective-analysis-of-660-patients-and-brief-literature-review
#12
Eren Altun, Veli Avci, Meltem Azatcam
To investigate the incidence of parasitic infestations and inflammation accompanying parasitosis in a series of appendectomy cases.  Methods: Six-hundred-sixty  patients who had undergone appendectomy in Bingöl State Hospital, Bingol, Turkey with the preliminary diagnosis of appendicitis between January 2012 and February 2015 were included in this retrospective study. They were retrospectively evaluated in terms of age, gender and pathological findings. Cases diagnosed with parasitic infestations were re-evaluated histopathologically for inflammatory response...
March 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229042/an-investigation-of-parasitic-infections-and-review-of-molecular-characterization-of-the-intestinal-protozoa-in-nonhuman-primates-in-china-from-2009-to-2015
#13
Junqiang Li, Haiju Dong, Rongjun Wang, Fuchang Yu, Yayun Wu, Yankai Chang, Chenrong Wang, Meng Qi, Longxian Zhang
Parasites are a well-known threat to nonhuman primate (NHP) populations, and potentially cause zoonotic diseases in humans. In this study, the basic data was provided of the parasites in NHPs and the molecular characterization of the Enterocytozoon bieneusi, Giardia duodenalis, Cryptosporidium spp., and Entamoeba spp. were reviewed, which were found in these samples. A total of 3349 fecal samples were collected from 34 species reared at 17 districts in zoos, farms, free-range, or research laboratories, and examined microscopically...
April 2017: International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096322/enterobius-vermicularis-presentation-during-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#14
Lachlan Dick, Jonathan Hannay
Enterobius vermicularis infection is uncommon in adults, compared to children, and rarely causes significant illness. Adult infection is usually colonic in nature and found incidentally at colonoscopy. Worm migration to other tissues is rare. We here-in describe the case of a 73-year-old woman found to have biliary tree E. vermicularis-an as yet undescribed site of migration.
January 17, 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093543/intestinal-parasite-infections-and-accuracy-of-direct-thin-and-thick-smear-formol-ether-sedimentation-centrifugal-flotation-and-mini-flotac-techniques-among-patients-with-gastrointestinal-tract-disorders-from-the-greater-cairo-region-egypt
#15
Atef H Hussein, Samia M Rashed, Ibrahim A El-Hayawan, Nagwa S M Aly, Eman A Abou Ouf, Amira T Ali
AbstractThe aim of the present study was to assess the frequency of intestinal parasitic infection among patients with gastrointestinal tract disorders from the Greater Cairo region, Egypt. In addition, a comparison was made of the accuracy of direct thin and thick smear, formol-ether sedimentation (FEC), centrifugal flotation (CF), and mini-FLOTAC techniques in the diagnosis of infection. Out of 100 patients, the overall prevalence of parasitic infection was 51%. Only 6% had dual infection. Giardia lamblia was the most common parasite (26%), followed by Hymenolepis nana (20%), Entamoeba coli (8%), and Enterobius vermicularis (3%)...
March 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074315/the-roundworm-strongyloides-stercoralis-in-children-dogs-and-soil-inside-and-outside-a-segregated-settlement-in-eastern-slovakia-frequent-but-hardly-detectable-parasite
#16
G Štrkolcová, M Goldová, E Bocková, J Mojžišová
A comparative study was carried out to evaluate the Strongyloides stercoralis infections in children and dogs inside and outside the segregated settlement in Medzev, Eastern Slovakia, and a survey of the soil within the settlement was included. Applying the Koga agar plate (KAP) culture method and microscopy examination of stool samples collected from 60 Roma and 21 nonRoma children, no larvae of S. stercoralis were detected but eggs of three nematodes (Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, and Enterobius vermicularis) and cysts of two protozoan endoparasites (Giardia duodenalis and Cryptosporidium spp...
March 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007484/diagnosis-of-intestinal-parasites-in-a-rural-community-of-venezuela-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-using-microscopy-or-rt-pcr
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Renzo Nino Incani, Elizabeth Ferrer, Denise Hoek, Robbert Ramak, Jeroen Roelfsema, Lapo Mughini-Gras, Titia Kortbeek, Elena Pinelli
A cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence and diagnostic performance of microscopy and real time PCR (RT-PCR) for 14 intestinal parasites in a Venezuelan rural community with a long history of persistent intestinal parasitic infections despite the implementation of regular anthelminthic treatments. A total of 228 participants were included in this study. A multiplex RT-PCR was used for the detection of Dientamoeba fragilis, Giardia intestinalis, Cryptosporidium sp. and a monoplex RT-PCR for Entamoeba histolytica...
March 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992978/-concordance-between-the-zinc-sulphate-flotation-and-centrifugal-sedimentation-methods-for-the-diagnosis-of-intestinal-parasites
#18
Elizabete De Jesus Inês, Flavia Thamiris Figueiredo Pacheco, Milena Carneiro Pinto, Patrícia Silva de Almeida Mendes, Hugo Da Costa-Ribeiro, Neci Matos Soares, Márcia Cristina Aquino Teixeira
INTRODUCTION: The diagnosis of intestinal parasitic infections depends on the parasite load, the specific gravity density of the parasite eggs, oocysts or cysts, and the density and viscosity of flotation or sedimentation medium where faeces are processed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the concordance between zinc sulphate flotation and centrifugal sedimentation in the recovery of parasites in faecal samples of children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Faecal samples of 330 children from day care centers were evaluated by zinc sulphate flotation and centrifugal sedimentation techniques...
December 1, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905282/distribution-of-parasites-detected-in-stool-samples-of-patients-admitted-to-our-parasitology-laboratory-during-a-three-year-period-between-2012-and-2014
#19
Mehmet Burak Selek, Bayhan Bektöre, Ergenekon Karagöz, Orhan Baylan, Mustafa Özyurt
OBJECTIVE: Parasitic diseases are among the major public health issues worldwide. A number of tests are available for diagnosis, but the sentivity and specifity of these tests are assumed to be insufficient. Nevertheless, the most common diagnostic method is microscopic examination. In this study, we aimed to introduce the distribution of parasites detected in stool samples of patients admitted to our laboratory on the basis of parameters such as, age, and gender during a 3-year period between 2012 and 2014...
September 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876982/prevalence-of-enterobius-vermicularis-infection-among-preschool-children-babol-north-of-iran
#20
Seyed Ali Norbakhsh Amiri, Mohammad Taghi Rahimi, Seif Ali Mahdavi, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Omid Ramzani, Ali Farrokhi Koshk, Reza Rosbehan, Seyed Abolghasem Siyadatpanah
Enterobius vermicularis or pinworm, is considered as one of the most frequently encountered intestinal nematodes and infects millions of people throughout the world particularly children. Some symptoms of the infection including Anal itching, restlessness, insomnia, endometritis, abdominal cramps, diarrhea and etc. The purpose of the present study was to determine the status of enterobiasis in kindergarten and preschool children of kindergartens from Amir Kola, Babol Mazandaran Province, North of Iran. A total number of 126 (70 boys and 56 girls) children from four kindergartens from Amir Kola, Babol, Mazandaran Province, North of Iran were examined for the prevalence of E...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
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