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Ni Bi-Xian, Xu Xiang-Zhen, Wang Xiao-Ting, Sheng Ming-Xue, Dai Yang, Jin Xiao-Lin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the prevention and control technique training of human important parasitic diseases for basic professional and technical personnel in Jiangsu Province in 2017. METHODS: A workshop including theory courses and practical operations was carried out for the basic professional and technical personnel. At the end of the workshop, the effects were evaluated through the theoretical and microscopic examinations. RESULTS: There were 132 trainees from 13 cities, and all of them took part in the final examinations...
July 24, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Kumar Saurabh, Shilpi Ranjan
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical and sociodemographic profile of fasciolopsiasis in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A chart review of 56 children presenting with the passage of adult Fasciolopsis buski per stool from February 2015 to January 2016 was done for their clinical profile and risk factors for acquiring fasciolopsiasis in the Paediatric Unit of a medical college of Northern India. RESULTS: The mean age of presentation was 8.2 years (2-14 years age group)...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Jun Ma, Miao-Miao Sun, Jun-Jun He, Guo-Hua Liu, Lin Ai, Mu-Xin Chen, Xing-Quan Zhu
BACKGROUND: Fasciolopsis buski is a zoonotic intestinal fluke infecting humans and pigs, but it has been seriously neglected. It is yet to know whether there is any genetic diversity among F. buski from different geographical locations, particularly in sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and mitochondrial (mt) DNA. Therefore, we determined the sequences of partial 18S, the complete internal transcribed spacer (ITS) rDNA and the complete mt genome of F. buski from China, compared the rDNA and mtDNA sequences with those of isolates from India and Vietnam, and assessed the phylogenetic relationships of this fluke and related fasciolid trematodes based on the mtDNA dataset...
February 22, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
Hui-Yuan Yeh, Piers D Mitchell
Whilst archaeological evidence for many aspects of life in ancient China is well studied, there has been much less interest in ancient infectious diseases, such as intestinal parasites in past Chinese populations. Here, we bring together evidence from mummies, ancient latrines, and pelvic soil from burials, dating from the Neolithic Period to the Qing Dynasty, in order to better understand the health of the past inhabitants of China and the diseases endemic in the region. Seven species of intestinal parasite have been identified, namely roundworm, whipworm, Chinese liver fluke, oriental schistosome, pinworm, Taenia sp...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
Yuqian Long, Zhiqiang Qin, Minlan Duan, Shizhu Li, Xiaoqiu Wu, Wei Lin, Jianglin Li, Zilong Zhao, Jing Liu, Dehui Xiong, Yi Huang, Xiaoxiao Hu, Chao Yang, Mao Ye, Weihong Tan
Schistosomiasis is a major parasitic disease caused by blood flukes of the genus Schistosoma. Several million people all over the world are estimated to suffer from severe morbidity as a consequence of schistosomiasis. The worm's eggs, which cause the symptoms of schistosomiasis, are generally used to diagnose the disease. In this study, we employed egg-based systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (egg-SELEX) and identified a panel of ssDNA aptamers specifically binding to eggs derived from S...
April 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
Mu-Xin Chen, Wei Hu, Juan Li, Jun-Jun He, Lin Ai, Jia-Xu Chen
Fasciolopsis buski is a food-borne zoonotic parasite which is transmitted by aquatic plants, with pigs and humans as the definitive hosts. The objective of the present study was to characterize the microRNA (miRNA) profiles of this parasite by Solexa deep sequencing and bioinformatic analysis. Approximately 12 million high-quality reads were obtained from adult F. buski. A total of 286 miRNA candidates were found and 24 miRNA candidates were conserved miRNAs in the miRBase database. Three novel miRNAs were identified and confirmed by stem-loop reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)...
June 2016: Parasitology Research
Tawin Inpankaew, K Darwin Murrell, Nongnuch Pinyopanuwat, Chamnan Chhoun, Kuong Khov, Tharin Sem, San Sorn, Sinuon Muth, Anders Dalsgaard
There is little information available on parasites of zoonotic significance in Cambodia. In 2011, in an effort to obtain data on potentially zoonotic gastrointestinal parasites in domestic animals, 50 dogs and 30 pigs residing in 38 households located in Ang Svay Check village, Takeo province, Cambodia were examined for parasites from faecal samples. The samples were processed using the formalin-ethyl acetate concentration technique (FECT). Hookworms were the most common zoonotic parasite found in dogs (80...
December 2015: Acta Parasitologica
Maura Fiamma, Silvia Stefania Longoni, Thi Minh Chau Ngo, Minh Triet Le Phan, Antonella Santona, Phuong An Ton Nu, Bianca Paglietti
A clinical case of infection caused by Fasciolopsis buski in a 24 weeks pregnant woman from Vietnam affected by systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is reported here. On 22 February 2012 the patient was admitted to Hue Hospital in Hue, Vietnam, with a diagnosis of general illness and suspected acute anaemia. Laboratory analysis indicated possible SLE syndrome and coprological tests demonstrated the presence of F. buski eggs. During hospitalization the patient naturally eliminated the adult form in faeces suggesting the infection had already progressed at least for three months...
July 4, 2015: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Moinak Sen Sarma, Surender Kumar Yachha, Anshu Srivastava, Ujjal Poddar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
A Achra, P Prakash, R Shankar
PURPOSE: To describe a newly discovered, previously unreported endemic focus of fasciolopsiasis in the Phulwaria village, under tehsil Sugauli, East Champaran, Bihar. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A study was conducted at village Phulwaria, following diagnosis of fasciolopsiasis in three children from the village. A total of 120 individuals, including all the children and adults who gave history of recent passage of red fleshy masses in their stool, were included in the study...
July 2015: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
You-Hong Cao, Yi-Min Ma, Feng Qiu, Xiao-Qi Zhang
This study aimed to improve the understanding of the clinical characteristics of patients with fasciolopsiasis and thus reduce misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of two patients with fasciolopsiasis which caused appendicitis. Fasciolopsis buski infestation as a cause of appendicitis is very rarely seen in the clinic. The clinical characteristics, clinical manifestations, diagnostic methods and the principles of treatment in these two patients were analyzed...
March 14, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Kwabena O Duedu, Elizabeth A Yarnie, Patience B Tetteh-Quarcoo, Simon K Attah, Eric S Donkor, Patrick F Ayeh-Kumi
BACKGROUND: Consuming raw vegetables offers essential nutrients that one may not get when such vegetables are usually cooked. However, eating them raw may pose a great risk for transmissions of pathogens. Such risks may be influenced by the sources of the vegetables and washing techniques used. The aim of the study was to compare the prevalence and diversity of parasitic pathogens associated with vegetables sold at the two types of markets in Ghana and compare effectiveness of various washing techniques...
2014: BMC Research Notes
Philipp J Bless, Fabian Schär, Virak Khieu, Stefanie Kramme, Sinuon Muth, Hanspeter Marti, Peter Odermatt
Large trematode eggs (LTE) resembling Fasciola spp. eggs were reportedly found in the stools of schoolchildren in Kandal province, Cambodia. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of LTE in the stools of children attending the affected school, identify potential risk factors for infection and ascertain the trematode species. We performed a cross-sectional study involving an in-depth questionnaire administered to schoolchildren at the affected school, and examined cattle droppings in the surrounding area and the livers of slaughtered cattle...
January 2015: Acta Tropica
G Karthikeyan, V Ramkumar, S Ponsenthil Kumar, S Ramkumar, S Selvamani, B Vetriveeran, N Karuppasamy, Isaac Christian Moses
Fasciolopsis buski is the largest intestinal fluke infecting human beings. This trematode is endemic in certain parts of the country. Migration poses the risk of spread of the worm to other parts of the country. We report fasciolopsis buski in a migrant from Bihar working in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. Acute kidney injury following intestinal obstruction occurred in this case which was never described before.
December 2013: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Cheng-Xin Gan, Zhi-Mei Wang, Jia-Hui Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To understand the prevalence of intestinal nematodiasis in rural people in Jiangning District, Nanjing City, so as to provide the evidence for the establishment of the control programs of the disease. METHODS: The residents and primary and secondary school students aged above 6 years in Tongshan Township, Jiangning District were selected as investigation objectives, and the Kato-Katz technique was used to detect the intestinal nematode eggs in feces of them...
December 2013: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Devendra Kumar Biswal, Sudeep Ghatani, Jollin A Shylla, Ranjana Sahu, Nandita Mullapudi, Alok Bhattacharya, Veena Tandon
Helminths include both parasitic nematodes (roundworms) and platyhelminths (trematode and cestode flatworms) that are abundant, and are of clinical importance. The genetic characterization of parasitic flatworms using advanced molecular tools is central to the diagnosis and control of infections. Although the nuclear genome houses suitable genetic markers (e.g., in ribosomal (r) DNA) for species identification and molecular characterization, the mitochondrial (mt) genome consistently provides a rich source of novel markers for informative systematics and epidemiological studies...
2013: PeerJ
B S Naher, A T Shahid, K A Khan, S Nargis, M M Hoque
A 5 year old girl hailing from Keraniganj, presented with the complaints of fever, periumbilical pain and vomiting. In vomitus, Fasciolopsis buski worm in adult form was identified by naked eye examination. In stool, ova of Fasciolopsis buski were also observed under microscope. Clinically she was pale and had hepatomegaly. Microcytic hypochromic anaemia with normal liver function test was found on lab investigation. She was diagnosed as a case of Fasciolopsiasis and treated with Praziquantel and on follow up visit she was found to be free of symptom...
April 2013: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Bishnupada Roy, Ananta Swargiary
Ethanolic shoot extract of Alpinia nigra, a traditionally used anthelmintic medicinal plant among the Tripuri tribes of north-east India, was tested in vitro to determine its anthelmintic efficacy in gastrointestinal trematode Fasciolopsis buski, using alterations in the activity of vital tegumental enzymes viz. acid phosphatase (AcPase), alkaline phosphatase (AlkPase) and adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase). Live adult F. buski treated in vitro with different concentrations of the plant extract showed significant decline in the visible stain histochemically and enzyme activities...
December 2009: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
U C Singh, Ashok Kumar, Anil Srivastava, Brijesh Patel, V K Shukla, S K Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2011: Tropical Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Digestive Diseases Foundation
Guo-Hong Hou, Zeng Xiao, Xiao-Ming Yao, Jun-Wen Xiao, Ying-Cai Zhou, Zhao-Mei Xie, Qiu-Lan Yu, Feng-Ying Guo, Zheng-Yuan Zhao
The nylon pocket concentration method and modified Kato-Katz technique were used to detect the eggs of intestinal parasites and the iodine smear method was used for the detection of protozoa among the rural population in West Dongting Lake region. The infection rate of parasites in 2006 was 11.84%, and it declined by 86.63%, 81.34%, and 47.28%, respectively, compared to the rates in 1983, 1993, and 2003. Six major parasites were detected including Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, Fasciolopsis buski, hookworm, Entamoeba histolytica and Giardia lamblia, and their infection rates were 8...
June 2011: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
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