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Global burden of injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443206/estimation-of-lung-cancer-burden-in-australia-the-philippines-and-singapore-an-evaluation-of-disability-adjusted-life-years
#1
Suman Morampudi, Neha Das, Arun Gowda, Anand Patil
OBJECTIVE: Lung cancer is one of the leading cancers and major causes of cancer mortality worldwide. The economic burden associated with the high mortality of lung cancer is high, which accounts for nearly $180 billion on a global scale in 2008. This paper aims to understand the economic burden of lung cancer in terms of disability adjusted life years (DALY) in Australia, the Philippines, and Singapore. METHODS: The years of life lost (YLL) and years lost due to disability (YLD) were calculated using the formula developed by Murray and Lopez in 1996 as part of a comprehensive assessment of mortality and disability for diseases, injuries and risk factors in 1990 and projected to 2020...
February 2017: Cancer Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439379/injuries-violence-and-bullying-among-middle-school-students-in-oman
#2
Richard P Peyton, Shamika Ranasinghe, Kathryn H Jacobsen
OBJECTIVES: Injuries account for a substantial proportion of the burden of disease in adolescents globally. This paper describes injury rates and associated exposures, and risk behaviors in Oman's 2010 Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS). METHODS: This study used complex samples analysis to examine nationally-representative data from 1 606 students in grades eight, nine, and 10 who participated in the 2010 Oman GSHS. RESULTS: In total, 34...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431334/one-hundred-injured-patients-a-day-multicenter-emergency-room-surveillance-of-trauma-in-pakistan
#3
A A Hyder, S He, W Zafar, M U Mir, J A Razzak
OBJECTIVES: Injuries increasingly contribute to the global burden of disease in low- and middle-income countries. This study presents results from a large-scale surveillance study on injury from several urban emergency departments (EDs) in Pakistan. The objective is to document the burden of injuries that present to the healthcare system in Pakistan and to test the feasibility of an ED-based injury and trauma surveillance system. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study conducted using active surveillance approach...
April 18, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414250/longitudinal-changes-in-brain-morphology-from-4-weeks-to-12-months-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-associations-with-cognitive-functions-and-clinical-variables
#4
T Hellstrom, L T Westlye, S Sigurdardottir, C Brunborg, H L Soberg, Ø Holthe, A Server, M J Lund, O A Andreassen, N Andelic
OBJECTIVE: To investigate longitudinal changes in cortical and subcortical volumes in patients with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) and to evaluate whether such changes were associated with self-reported post-concussive symptoms, global functional outcomes and neuropsychological functioning. METHODS: This was a prospecitve, longitudinal cohort study of patients with complicated (i.e presence of intracranial abnormalities on the day of injury CT) and uncomplicated MTBI (i...
April 17, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413803/epidemiology-of-burn-injuries-in-nepal-a-systemic-review
#5
REVIEW
Sanjib Tripathee, Surendra Jung Basnet
Burn is a global public health problem associated with significant morbidity and mortality, mostly in low- and middle-income countries. Southeast-Asian countries share a big burden of burn injuries, and Nepal is not an exception. We performed a systemic review to examine the epidemiological characteristics of burn injures in Nepal. Relevant epidemiological studies were identified through systemic search in PubMed, EMBASE, and Google Scholar. Reference lists from relevant review articles were also searched. Studies were included if they meet our selection criteria...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399833/a-comparison-of-dalys-for-periodontal-disease-in-china-between-1990-and-2013-insights-from-the-2013-global-burden-of-disease-study
#6
Qi Zhang, Zhixin Li, Chunxiao Wang, Yunning Liu, Yang Yang, Scottie Bussell, Maigeng Zhou, Linhong Wang
BACKGROUND: China has undergone a rapid demographic and epidemiological transition with fast ecomonic development since the 1980s. Oral health is becoming a major public health problem as the prevalence of non-communicable diseases has greatly increased. Periodontal disease (PD) and caries are among the most prevalent oral diseases. PD accounts for the majority of tooth loss and increases with age. China's third national epidemiological investigation on oral diseases (2005) revealed that periodontitis affected >50% of the adult population...
April 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390697/smoking-prevalence-and-attributable-disease-burden-in-195-countries-and-territories-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#7
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The scale-up of tobacco control, especially after the adoption of the Framework Convention for Tobacco Control, is a major public health success story. Nonetheless, smoking remains a leading risk for early death and disability worldwide, and therefore continues to require sustained political commitment. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) offers a robust platform through which global, regional, and national progress toward achieving smoking-related targets can be assessed...
April 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384795/child-and-adolescent-health-from-1990-to-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-diseases-injuries-and-risk-factors-2015-study
#8
Nicholas Kassebaum, Hmwe Hmwe Kyu, Leo Zoeckler, Helen Elizabeth Olsen, Katie Thomas, Christine Pinho, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Lalit Dandona, Alize Ferrari, Tsegaye Tewelde Ghiwot, Simon I Hay, Yohannes Kinfu, Xiaofeng Liang, Alan Lopez, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Ali H Mokdad, Mohsen Naghavi, George C Patton, Joshua Salomon, Benn Sartorius, Roman Topor-Madry, Stein Emil Vollset, Andrea Werdecker, Harvey A Whiteford, Kalkidan Hasen Abate, Kaja Abbas, Solomon Abreha Damtew, Muktar Beshir Ahmed, Nadia Akseer, Rajaa Al-Raddadi, Mulubirhan Assefa Alemayohu, Khalid Altirkawi, Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Azmeraw T Amare, Carl A T Antonio, Johan Arnlov, Al Artaman, Hamid Asayesh, Euripide Frinel G Arthur Avokpaho, Ashish Awasthi, Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla, Umar Bacha, Dimtsu Balem, Aleksandra Barac, Till Winfried Bärnighausen, Estifanos Baye, Neeraj Bedi, Isabela M Bensenor, Adugnaw Berhane, Eduardo Bernabe, Oscar Alberto Bernal, Addisu Shunu Beyene, Sibhatu Biadgilign, Boris Bikbov, Cheryl Anne Boyce, Alexandra Brazinova, Gessessew Bugssa Hailu, Austin Carter, Carlos A Castañeda-Orjuela, Ferrán Catalá-López, Fiona J Charlson, Abdulaal A Chitheer, Jee-Young Jasmine Choi, Liliana G Ciobanu, John Crump, Rakhi Dandona, Robert P Dellavalle, Amare Deribew, Gabrielle deVeber, Daniel Dicker, Balem Balm Betsu, Eric L Ding, Manisha Dubey, Amanuel Yesuf Endries, Holly E Erskine, Emerito Jose Aquino Faraon, Andre Faro, Farshad Farzadfar, Joao C Fernandes, Daniel Obadare Fijabi, Christina Fitzmaurice, Thomas D Fleming, Luisa Sorio Flor, Kyle J Foreman, Richard C Franklin, Maya S Fraser, Joseph J Frostad, Nancy Fullman, Gebremedhin Berhe Gebregergs, Alemseged Aregay Gebru, Johanna M Geleijnse, Katherine B Gibney, Mahari Gidey Yihdego, Ibrahim Abdelmageem Mohamed Ginawi, Melkamu Dedefo Gishu, Tessema Assefa Gizachew, Elizabeth Glaser, Audra L Gold, Ellen Goldberg, Philimon Gona, Atsushi Goto, Harish Chander Gugnani, Guohong Jiang, Rajeev Gupta, Fisaha Haile Tesfay, Graeme J Hankey, Rasmus Havmoeller, Martha Hijar, Masako Horino, H Dean Hosgood, Guoqing Hu, Kathryn H Jacobsen, Mihajlo B Jakovljevic, Sudha P Jayaraman, Vivekanand Jha, Tariku Jibat, Catherine O Johnson, Jost Jonas, Amir Kasaeian, Norito Kawakami, Peter N Keiyoro, Ibrahim Khalil, Young-Ho Khang, Jagdish Khubchandani, Aliasghar A Ahmad Kiadaliri, Christian Kieling, Daniel Kim, Niranjan Kissoon, Luke D Knibbs, Ai Koyanagi, Kristopher J Krohn, Barthelemy Kuate Defo, Burcu Kucuk Bicer, Rachel Kulikoff, G Anil Kumar, Dharmesh Kumar Lal, Hilton Y Lam, Heidi J Larson, Anders Larsson, Dennis Odai Laryea, Janni Leung, Stephen S Lim, Loon-Tzian Lo, Warren D Lo, Katharine J Looker, Paulo A Lotufo, Hassan Magdy Abd, El Razek, Reza Malekzadeh, Desalegn Markos Shifti, Mohsen Mazidi, Peter A Meaney, Kidanu Gebremariam Meles, Peter Memiah, Walter Mendoza, Mubarek Abera Mengistie, Gebremichael Welday Mengistu, George A Mensah, Ted R Miller, Charles Mock, Alireza Mohammadi, Shafiu Mohammed, Lorenzo Monasta, Ulrich Mueller, Chie Nagata, Aliya Naheed, Grant Nguyen, Quyen Le Nguyen, Elaine Nsoesie, In-Hwan Oh, Anselm Okoro, Jacob Olusegun Olusanya, Bolajoko O Olusanya, Alberto Ortiz, Deepak Paudel, David M Pereira, Norberto Perico, Max Petzold, Michael Robert Phillips, Guilherme V Polanczyk, Farshad Pourmalek, Mostafa Qorbani, Anwar Rafay, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Mahfuzar Rahman, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Usha Ram, Zane Rankin, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Andre M N Renzaho, Hirbo Shore Roba, David Rojas-Rueda, Luca Ronfani, Rajesh Sagar, Juan Ramon Sanabria, Muktar Sano Kedir Mohammed, Itamar S Santos, Maheswar Satpathy, Monika Sawhney, Ben Schöttker, David C Schwebel, James G Scott, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Amira Shaheen, Masood Ali Shaikh, June She, Rahman Shiri, Ivy Shiue, Inga Dora Sigfusdottir, Jasvinder Singh, Naris Slipakit, Alison Smith, Chandrashekhar Sreeramareddy, Jeffrey D Stanaway, Dan J Stein, Caitlyn Steiner, Muawiyyah Babale Sufiyan, Soumya Swaminathan, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Karen M Tabb, Fentaw Tadese, Mohammad Tavakkoli, Bineyam Taye, Stephanie Teeple, Teketo Kassaw Tegegne, Girma Temam Shifa, Adbullah Sulieman Terkawi, Bernadette Thomas, Alan J Thomson, Ruoyan Tobe-Gai, Marcello Tonelli, Bach Xuan Tran, Christopher Troeger, Kingsley N Ukwaja, Olalekan Uthman, Tommi Vasankari, Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian, Vasiliy Victorovich Vlassov, Elisabete Weiderpass, Robert Weintraub, Solomon Weldemariam Gebrehiwot, Ronny Westerman, Hywel C Williams, Charles D A Wolfe, Rachel Woodbrook, Yuichiro Yano, Naohiro Yonemoto, Seok-Jun Yoon, Mustafa Z Younis, Chuanhua Yu, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Elias Asfaw Zegeye, Liesl Joanna Zuhlke, Christopher J L Murray, Theo Vos
Importance: Comprehensive and timely monitoring of disease burden in all age groups, including children and adolescents, is essential for improving population health. Objective: To quantify and describe levels and trends of mortality and nonfatal health outcomes among children and adolescents from 1990 to 2015 to provide a framework for policy discussion. Evidence Review: Cause-specific mortality and nonfatal health outcomes were analyzed for 195 countries and territories by age group, sex, and year from 1990 to 2015 using standardized approaches for data processing and statistical modeling, with subsequent analysis of the findings to describe levels and trends across geography and time among children and adolescents 19 years or younger...
April 3, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363304/international-disease-burden-of-hand-burns-perspective-from-the-global-health-arena
#9
REVIEW
Daniel S Corlew, K A Kelly McQueen
Measuring the extent and impact of a health problem is key to being able to address it appropriately. This review uses available information within the framework of the Global Burden of Disease studies to estimate the disease burden due to burn injuries of the hands. The GBD indicates that since 1990 there has been an approximately 30% decrease in the disease burden related to burn injuries. The GBD methods have not been applied specifically to hand burns, but from available data, it is estimated that about 18 million people in the world suffer from sequelae of burns to the hands...
May 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355608/new-wavelet-neurovascular-bundle-for-bedside-evaluation-of-cerebral-autoregulation-and-neurovascular-coupling-in-newborns-with-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy
#10
Lina F Chalak, Rong Zhang
Neonatal encephalopathy (NE) resulting from birth asphyxia constitutes a major global public health burden for millions of infants every year, and despite therapeutic hypothermia, half of these neonates have poor neurological outcomes. As new neuroprotective interventions are being studied in clinical trials, there is a critical need to establish physiological surrogate markers of therapeutic efficacy, to guide patient selection and/or to modify the therapeutic intervention. The challenge in the field of neonatal brain injury has been the difficulty of clinically discerning NE severity within the short therapeutic window after birth or of analyzing the dynamic aspects of the cerebral circulation in sick NE newborns...
March 30, 2017: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348995/a-study-on-alcohol-use-and-its-related-health-and-social-problems-in-rural-puducherry-india
#11
V Vijay Ramanan, Suresh Kumar Singh
INTRODUCTION: Harmful use of alcohol was the cause for 5.9% of all deaths and 5.1% of the global burden of disease and injury. India is the third largest market for alcoholic beverages in the world with estimated 62.5 million alcohol user in 2005. The objective of this study was to know the prevalence of alcohol consumption, pattern of drinking, and its effect on people's health and social consequences. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 850 households selected from 19 villages of two Primary Health Centers...
October 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334605/new-horizons-in-diabetic-neuropathy-mechanisms-bioenergetics-and-pain
#12
REVIEW
Eva L Feldman, Klaus-Armin Nave, Troels S Jensen, David L H Bennett
Pre-diabetes and diabetes are a global epidemic, and the associated neuropathic complications create a substantial burden on both the afflicted patients and society as a whole. Given the enormity of the problem and the lack of effective therapies, there is a pressing need to understand the mechanisms underlying diabetic neuropathy (DN). In this review, we present the structural components of the peripheral nervous system that underlie its susceptibility to metabolic insults and then discuss the pathways that contribute to peripheral nerve injury in DN...
March 22, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331842/estimation-of-burden-of-ischemic-heart-diseases-in-isfahan-iran-2014-using-incompleteness-and-misclassification-adjustment-models
#13
Mehran Shams-Beyranvand, Farshad Farzadfar, Shohreh Naderimagham, Maryam Tirani, Mohammad Reza Maracy
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) have been the leading cause of death in the world. Ischemic heart diseases (IHDs) are the main form of CVDs and are the most important single cause of death around the world. This study aimed to estimate the burden of IHDs in the city of Isfahan by calculating disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). METHODS: This population-based study was conducted on the population living in the city of Isfahan in 2014...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316905/the-global-burden-of-child-burn-injuries-in-light-of-country-level-economic-development-and-income-inequality
#14
Mathilde Sengoelge, Ziad El-Khatib, Lucie Laflamme
Child burn mortality differs widely between regions and is closely related to material deprivation, but reports on their global distribution are few. Investigating their country level distribution in light of economic level and income inequality will help assess the potential for macro-level improvements. We extracted data for child burn mortality from the Global Burden of Disease study 2013 and combined data into 1-14 years to calculate rates at country, region and income levels. We also compiled potential lives saved...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314415/epidemiology-of-facial-injuries-in-sport
#15
REVIEW
Amanda M Black, Paul H Eliason, Declan A Patton, Carolyn A Emery
Facial injuries can pose a large health burden for athletes, potentially resulting in time loss and surgery. This article reviews the incidence, common mechanisms, and risk factors of facial injuries in several sports globally. Estimates of facial injury rates are complicated by a lack of, or inconsistent, reporting on specific types of injury. Much of the epidemiologic literature is based on hospital-based injury surveillance and there is a paucity of literature examining sport-specific risk factors. Future research should focus on prospective injury surveillance methodologies with consistent injury definitions examining risk factors and the effectiveness of facial injury prevention efforts...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297186/the-new-obstetrical-dilemma-stunting-obesity-and-the-risk-of-obstructed-labour
#16
Jonathan C K Wells
The "obstetrical dilemma" refers to the tight fit between maternal pelvic dimensions and neonatal size at delivery. Most interest traditionally focused on its generic significance for humans, for example our neonatal altriciality and our complex and lengthy birth process. Across contemporary populations, however, the obstetrical dilemma manifests substantial variability, illustrated by differences in the incidence of cephalo-pelvic disproportion, obstructed labour and cesarean section. Beyond accounting for 12% of maternal mortality worldwide, obstructed labour also imposes a huge burden of maternal morbidity, in particular through debilitating birth injuries...
April 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294464/assessing-connectivity-related-injury-burden-in-diffuse-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Berkan Solmaz, Birkan Tunç, Drew Parker, John Whyte, Tessa Hart, Amanda Rabinowitz, Morgan Rohrbach, Junghoon Kim, Ragini Verma
Many of the clinical and behavioral manifestations of traumatic brain injury (TBI) are thought to arise from disruption to the structural network of the brain due to diffuse axonal injury (DAI). However, a principled way of summarizing diffuse connectivity alterations to quantify injury burden is lacking. In this study, we developed a connectome injury score, Disruption Index of the Structural Connectome (DISC), which summarizes the cumulative effects of TBI-induced connectivity abnormalities across the entire brain...
March 15, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283124/mortality-trends-in-young-people-aged-1-24-years-argentina-1947-2012
#18
Vanessa Di Cecco, Marcio Alazraqui, Hugo Spinelli
BACKGROUND: Global mortality trends highlight changing patterns in young people, especially young men, yet little evidence of long-term trends is available in Argentina. OBJECTIVE: Given the lack of published evidenced within the country, this work seeks to construct long-term mortality trends for young people in Argentina. METHODS: A descriptive mortality time series was developed for ages 1-24 years by sex and cause of death in Argentina during 1947-2012...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249066/global-skin-disease-morbidity-and-mortality-an-update-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#19
Chante Karimkhani, Robert P Dellavalle, Luc E Coffeng, Carsten Flohr, Roderick J Hay, Sinéad M Langan, Elaine O Nsoesie, Alize J Ferrari, Holly E Erskine, Jonathan I Silverberg, Theo Vos, Mohsen Naghavi
Importance: Disability secondary to skin conditions is substantial worldwide. The Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 includes estimates of global morbidity and mortality due to skin diseases. Objective: To measure the burden of skin diseases worldwide. Data Sources: For nonfatal estimates, data were found by literature search using PubMed and Google Scholar in English and Spanish for years 1980 through 2013 and by accessing administrative data on hospital inpatient and outpatient episodes...
March 1, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220587/the-relationship-between-different-dimensions-of-alcohol-use-and-the-burden-of-disease-an-update
#20
REVIEW
Jürgen Rehm, Gerhard E Gmel, Gerrit Gmel, Omer S M Hasan, Sameer Imtiaz, Svetlana Popova, Charlotte Probst, Michael Roerecke, Robin Room, Andriy V Samokhvalov, Kevin D Shield, Paul A Shuper
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Alcohol use is a major contributor to injuries, mortality and the burden of disease. This review updates knowledge on risk relations between dimensions of alcohol use and health outcomes to be used in global and national Comparative Risk Assessments (CRAs). METHODS: Systematic review of reviews and meta-analyses on alcohol consumption and health outcomes attributable to alcohol use. For dimensions of exposure: volume of alcohol use, blood alcohol concentration and patterns of drinking, in particular heavy drinking occasions were studied...
February 20, 2017: Addiction
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