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Global burden of injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878127/the-burden-of-road-traffic-injuries-in-yazd-province-iran
#1
Mahmood Vakili, Mohsen Mirzaei, Azar Pirdehghan, Mohamadreza Sadeghian, Majid Jafarizadeh, Mojtaba Alimi, Shadi Naderian, Arezoo Aghakoochak
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the Disabled-adjusted Life Years (DALYs) of Road Traffic Accidents in patients referred to hospitals in Yazd Province, central Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Yazd province during 2010. To calculate the Years of Life Lost (YLL) due to premature death and to calculate the incidence of non-fatal injuries and Years Lost due to Disability (YLD), the data were collected from Yazd death registration system and hospital records...
October 2016: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831946/rates-and-predictors-of-injury-in-a-population-based-cohort-of-people-living-with-hiv-trends-and-disparities-from-1996-to-2013
#2
Hasina Samji, Wendy Zhang, Oghenowede Eyawo, Shahab Jabbari, Guillaume Colley, Zach Tanner, Mark Hull, Julio S G Montaner, Robert S Hogg
OBJECTIVES: Injuries are responsible for 10% of the global burden of disease; however, the epidemiology of injury among people living with HIV (PLHIV) has not been well-elucidated. This study seeks to characterize rates and predictors of injury among PLHIV compared to the general population in British Columbia (BC), Canada. DESIGN: A population-based dataset was created via linkage between the BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS and PopulationDataBC. METHODS: PLHIV aged 20 years and older were compared to a random 10% sample of the adult general population...
November 7, 2016: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829100/trends-in-injury-outcomes-across-canadian-trauma-systems
#3
Lynne Moore, Henry Thomas Stelfox, David Evans, Sayed Morad Hameed, Natalie L Yanchar, Richard Simons, John Kortbeek, Gilles Bourgeois, Julien Clément, Alexis F Turgeon, François Lauzier
Importance: In response to the burden of injury, the structure of injury care has changed considerably across Canada in the past decade. However, little is known about how patient outcomes have evolved. Objective: To evaluate trends in mortality, hospital length of stay, and unplanned readmission in Canadian trauma systems between 2006 and 2012. Design, Setting, and Participants: A pan-Canadian retrospective cohort study was conducted among adults admitted for major injury to a Canadian level I or II trauma center between April 1, 2006, and March 31, 2012...
November 9, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822135/chronic-kidney-disease-identification-and-management-in-primary-care
#4
REVIEW
Simon Ds Fraser, Tom Blakeman
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an important and common noncommunicable condition globally. In national and international guidelines, CKD is defined and staged according to measures of kidney function that allow for a degree of risk stratification using commonly available markers. It is often asymptomatic in its early stages, and early detection is important to reduce future risk. The risk of cardiovascular outcomes is greater than the risk of progression to end-stage kidney disease for most people with CKD...
2016: Pragmatic and Observational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821883/disability-weights-based-on-patient-reported-data-from-a-multinational-injury-cohort
#5
Belinda J Gabbe, Ronan A Lyons, Pamela M Simpson, Frederick P Rivara, Shanthi Ameratunga, Suzanne Polinder, Sarah Derrett, James E Harrison
OBJECTIVE: To create patient-based disability weights for individual injury diagnosis codes and nature-of-injury classifications, for use, as an alternative to panel-based weights, in studies on the burden of disease. METHODS: Self-reported data based on the EQ-5D standardized measure of health status were collected from 29 770 participants in the Injury-VIBES injury cohort study, which covered Australia, the Netherlands, New Zealand, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America...
November 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807806/a-pilot-study-of-a-hospital-based-injury-surveillance-system-in-a-secondary-level-district-hospital-in-india-lessons-learnt-and-way-ahead
#6
P V M Lakshmi, Jaya Prasad Tripathy, Nalinikanta Tripathy, Sunita Singh, Deepak Bhatia, Jagnoor Jagnoor, Rajesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Reliable epidemiological information on injury burden and pattern is essential to formulate effective injury control and prevention strategies. Injury surveillance systems are globally gaining ground as a tool for collecting such systematic data on injuries, but less so in low and middle income countries. This study describes the experience of setting up a District Level Hospital-Based Injury Surveillance System in India and the pattern of injuries encountered therein. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted during Jan-Dec 2012 at the emergency department of a District Hospital in Fatehgarh Sahib in a North Indian state of Punjab...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800590/implementation-of-the-world-health-organization-trauma-care-checklist-program-in-11-centers-across-multiple-economic-strata-effect-on-care-process-measures
#7
Angela Lashoher, Eric B Schneider, Catherine Juillard, Kent Stevens, Elizabeth Colantuoni, William R Berry, Christina Bloem, Witaya Chadbunchachai, Satish Dharap, Sydney M Dy, Gerald Dziekan, Russell L Gruen, Jaymie A Henry, Christina Huwer, Manjul Joshipura, Edward Kelley, Etienne Krug, Vineet Kumar, Patrick Kyamanywa, Alain Chichom Mefire, Marcos Musafir, Avery B Nathens, Edouard Ngendahayo, Thai Son Nguyen, Nobhojit Roy, Peter J Pronovost, Irum Qumar Khan, Junaid Abdul Razzak, Andrés M Rubiano, James A Turner, Mathew Varghese, Rimma Zakirova, Charles Mock
BACKGROUND: Trauma contributes more than ten percent of the global burden of disease. Initial assessment and resuscitation of trauma patients often requires rapid diagnosis and management of multiple concurrent complex conditions, and errors are common. We investigated whether implementing a trauma care checklist would improve care for injured patients in low-, middle-, and high-income countries. METHODS: From 2010 to 2012, the impact of the World Health Organization (WHO) Trauma Care Checklist program was assessed in 11 hospitals using a stepped wedge pre- and post-intervention comparison with randomly assigned intervention start dates...
October 31, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792024/pre-employment-physical-capacity-testing-as%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-predictor-for-musculoskeletal-injury-in%C3%A2-paramedics-a%C3%A2-review-of-the-literature
#8
Natasha Jenkins, Gavin Smith, Scott Stewart, Catherine Kamphuis
BACKGROUND: Workplace injuries place a significant physical, social and financial burden on organisations globally. Paramedics provide emergency management of workplace injuries, and are subjected to heightened injury risk as a direct consequence of providing such care. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to identify the current evidence reporting workplace musculoskeletal injury generally, and to relate this to pre-employment physical capacity testing within the paramedic industry specifically...
October 22, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782218/cattle-encephalon-glycoside-and-ignotin-reduced-white-matter-injury-and-prevented-post-hemorrhagic-hydrocephalus-in-a-rat-model-of-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#9
Rongwei Li, Kang Ma, Hengli Zhao, Zhou Feng, Yang Yang, Hongfei Ge, Xuan Zhang, Jun Tang, Yi Yin, Xin Liu, Liang Tan, Hua Feng
The morbidity, mortality, and disability associated with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) secondary to intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) represent a global burden. To date, there is no effective therapy for ICH other than supportive care. In this study, we assessed the neuroprotective effects of Cattle encephalon glycoside and ignotin (CEGI) injection in a rat model of ICH with ventricular extension (IVH/ICH). The IVH/ICH rat model was induced via injection of type IV collagenase in the caudate nucleus of Sprague-Dawley rats...
October 26, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780829/exposure-to-fine-particulate-air-pollution-is-associated-with-endothelial-injury-and-systemic-inflammation
#10
C A Pope, Aruni Bhatnagar, James McCracken, Wesley T Abplanalp, Daniel J Conklin, Timothy E O'Toole
RATIONALE: Epidemiologic evidence indicates that exposures to fine particulate matter air pollution (PM2.5) contribute to global burden of disease, primarily as a result of increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, mechanisms by which PM2.5 exposure induces cardiovascular injury remain unclear. PM2.5-induced endothelial dysfunction and systemic inflammation have been implicated, but direct evidence is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether acute exposure to PM2...
October 25, 2016: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775258/disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-for-injuries-using-death-certificates-and-hospital-discharge-survey-by-the-korean-burden-of-disease-study-2012
#11
Won Kyung Lee, Dohee Lim, Hyesook Park
A system for assessing the burdens imposed by disease and injury was developed to meet healthcare, priority setting, and policy planning needs. The first such system, the Global Burden of Disease (GBD), was implemented in 1990. However, problems associated with limited data and assumed disability weightings remain to be resolved. The purpose of the present study was to estimate national burdens of injuries in Korea using more reliable data and disability weightings. The incidences of injuries were estimated using the Korean National Hospital Discharge Survey and the mortality data from the Korean National Statistical Office in 2010...
November 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775252/disability-adjusted-life-years-for-313-diseases-and-injuries-the-2012-korean-burden-of-disease-study
#12
Jihyun Yoon, In Hwan Oh, Hyeyoung Seo, Eun Jung Kim, Young Hoon Gong, Minsu Ock, Dohee Lim, Won Kyung Lee, Ye Rin Lee, Dongwoo Kim, Min Woo Jo, Hyesook Park, Seok Jun Yoon
This study is part of a 5-year research project on the national burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors in Korea. Using disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), a metric introduced by the 1990 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) project, we performed a comprehensive and detailed assessment of the magnitude and distribution of both fatal and non-fatal health problems in the Korean population. The concept and general approach were consistent with the original GBD study, with some methodological modifications to make the study more suitable for Korea...
November 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775248/health-performance-and-challenges-in-korea-a-review-of-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#13
Yo Han Lee, Seok Jun Yoon, Arim Kim, Hyeyoung Seo, Seulki Ko
The global burden of disease study (GBD) provides valuable information for evaluating population health in terms of disease burden. This study collected and reviewed GBD data in Korea for the year 1990 and 2013. The burdens of cancer, cardiovascular disease, communicable disease, and injuries have decreased remarkably, thereby greatly diminishing the overall disease burden on Korea. Meanwhile, the burdens due to non-fatal chronic diseases such as neuropsychiatric and musculoskeletal disease became major burden contributors...
November 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775246/quantifying-burden-of-disease-to-measure-population-health-in-korea
#14
REVIEW
Jihyun Yoon, Seok Jun Yoon
Quantitative assessments of the health status of a population are essential to make decisions and set priorities in the field of public health. Changing epidemiologic patterns increase the demand for comprehensive estimates of population health across the full health spectrum, including non-communicable diseases and injuries. Burden of disease (BoD) analysis has helped meet this need. With the success of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study, the BoD technique has become predominantly associated with the GBD approach and its methodology using disability-adjusted life year (DALY) has been rapidly disseminated and generally accepted over the last several years...
November 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769296/assessing-the-burden-of-medical-impoverishment-by-cause-a-systematic-breakdown-by-disease-in-ethiopia
#15
Stéphane Verguet, Solomon Tessema Memirie, Ole Frithjof Norheim
BACKGROUND: Out-of-pocket (OOP) medical expenses often lead to catastrophic expenditure and impoverishment in low- and middle-income countries. Yet, there has been no systematic examination of which specific diseases and conditions (e.g., tuberculosis, cardiovascular disease) drive medical impoverishment, defined as OOP direct medical costs pushing households into poverty. METHODS: We used a cost and epidemiological model to propose an assessment of the burden of medical impoverishment in Ethiopia, i...
October 21, 2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768701/the-economic-burden-of-road-traffic-injuries-on-households-in-south-asia
#16
Khurshid Alam, Ajay Mahal
Globally, road traffic injuries accounted for about 1.36 million deaths in 2015 and are projected to become the fourth leading cause of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost by 2030. One-fifth of these deaths occurred in South Asia where road traffic injuries are projected to increase by 144% by 2020. Despite this rapidly increasing disease burden there is limited evidence on the economic burden of road traffic injuries on households in South Asia. We applied a novel coarsened exact matching method to assess the household economic burden of road traffic injuries using nationally representative World Health Survey data from five South Asian countries- Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka collected during 2002-2003...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736219/impact-of-dietary-and-metabolic-risk-factors-on-cardiovascular-and-diabetes-mortality-in-south-asia-analysis-from-the-2010-global-burden-of-disease-study
#17
Mohammad Y Yakoob, Renata Micha, Shahab Khatibzadeh, Gitanjali M Singh, Peilin Shi, Habibul Ahsan, Nagalla Balakrishna, Ginnela N V Brahmam, Yu Chen, Ashkan Afshin, Saman Fahimi, Goodarz Danaei, John W Powles, Majid Ezzati, Dariush Mozaffarian
OBJECTIVES: To quantify cardiovascular disease and diabetes deaths attributable to dietary and metabolic risks by country, age, sex, and time in South Asian countries. METHODS: We used the 2010 Global Burden of Disease national surveys to characterize risk factor levels by age and sex. We derived etiological effects of risk factors-disease endpoints, by age, from meta-analyses. We defined optimal levels. We combined these inputs with cause-specific mortality rates to compute population-attributable fractions as a percentage of total cardiometabolic deaths...
October 13, 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733284/global-regional-and-national-comparative-risk-assessment-of-79-behavioural-environmental-and-occupational-and-metabolic-risks-or-clusters-of-risks-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 provides an up-to-date synthesis of the evidence for risk factor exposure and the attributable burden of disease. By providing national and subnational assessments spanning the past 25 years, this study can inform debates on the importance of addressing risks in context. METHODS: We used the comparative risk assessment framework developed for previous iterations of the Global Burden of Disease Study to estimate attributable deaths, disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), and trends in exposure by age group, sex, year, and geography for 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks from 1990 to 2015...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733283/global-regional-and-national-disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-for-315-diseases-and-injuries-and-healthy-life-expectancy-hale-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#19
COMMENT
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Healthy life expectancy (HALE) and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) provide summary measures of health across geographies and time that can inform assessments of epidemiological patterns and health system performance, help to prioritise investments in research and development, and monitor progress toward the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). We aimed to provide updated HALE and DALYs for geographies worldwide and evaluate how disease burden changes with development...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733282/global-regional-and-national-incidence-prevalence-and-years-lived-with-disability-for-310-diseases-and-injuries-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#20
COMMENT
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Non-fatal outcomes of disease and injury increasingly detract from the ability of the world's population to live in full health, a trend largely attributable to an epidemiological transition in many countries from causes affecting children, to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) more common in adults. For the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015), we estimated the incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for diseases and injuries at the global, regional, and national scale over the period of 1990 to 2015...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
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