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Pain relief in headaches

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432602/sphenopalatine-ganglion-block-in-the-management-of-chronic-headaches
#1
REVIEW
Jeffery Mojica, Bi Mo, Andrew Ng
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) block has been used by clinicians in the treatment of a variety of headache disorders, facial pain syndromes, and other facial neuralgias. The sensory and autonomic fibers that travel through the SPG provided the scientific rationale for symptoms associated with these head and neck syndromes. Yet, despite the elucidation of this pathogenic target, the optimal method to block its pain-producing properties has not been determined. Clinicians have developed various invasive and non-invasive techniques, each of which has shown variable rates of success...
June 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409830/magnesium-for-treating-sickle-cell-disease
#2
REVIEW
Nan Nitra Than, Htoo Htoo Kyaw Soe, Senthil K Palaniappan, Adinegara Bl Abas, Lucia De Franceschi
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease is an autosomal recessive inherited haemoglobinopathy which causes painful vaso-occlusive crises due to sickle red blood cell dehydration. Vaso-occlusive crises are common painful events responsible for a variety of clinical complications; overall mortality is increased and life expectancy decreased compared to the general population. Experimental studies suggest that intravenous magnesium has proven to be well-tolerated in individuals hospitalised for the immediate relief of acute (sudden onset) painful crisis and has the potential to decrease the length of hospital stay...
April 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364968/-sphenopalatine-ganglion-block-for-postdural-puncture-headache-in-ambulatory-setting
#3
José Miguel Cardoso, Miguel Sá, Rita Graça, Hugo Reis, Liliana Almeida, Célia Pinheiro, Duarte Machado
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Postdural puncture headache (PDPH) is a common complication following subarachnoid blockade and its incidence varies with the size of the needle used and the needle design. Supportive therapy is the usual initial approach. Epidural blood patch (EBP) is the gold-standard when supportive therapy fails but has significant risks associated. Sphenopalatine ganglion block (SPGB) may be a safer alternative. CASE REPORT: We observed a 41 year-old female patient presenting with PDPH after a subarachnoid blockade a week before...
March 30, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359733/right-ethmoid-eosinophilic-angiocentric-fibrosis-with-orbital-extension
#4
S Gorostis, M Bacha, S Gravier, T Raguin
INTRODUCTION: Eosinophilic angiocentric fibrosis (EAF) is a slowly progressive, benign disease involving the mucosa of the upper airways or, more rarely, the orbit. It belongs to the spectrum of IgG4-related disease. CASE REPORT: The authors report the case of a 61-year-old man who presented with orbital involvement (visual loss, pain, proptosis, and eyelid oedema), headache and nasal obstruction. Imaging revealed a right ethmoido-orbital mass infiltrating the periorbital fat and enveloping the optic nerve...
March 27, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340566/a-critical-review-of-manual-therapy-use-for-headache-disorders-prevalence-profiles-motivations-communication-and-self-reported-effectiveness
#5
Craig S Moore, David W Sibbritt, Jon Adams
BACKGROUND: Despite the expansion of conventional medical treatments for headache, many sufferers of common recurrent headache disorders seek help outside of medical settings. The aim of this paper is to evaluate research studies on the prevalence of patient use of manual therapies for the treatment of headache and the key factors associated with this patient population. METHODS: This critical review of the peer-reviewed literature identified 35 papers reporting findings from new empirical research regarding the prevalence, profiles, motivations, communication and self-reported effectiveness of manual therapy use amongst those with headache disorders...
March 24, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324318/botulinum-neurotoxin-type-a-for-the-treatment-of-pain-not-just-in-migraine-and-trigeminal-neuralgia
#6
Giorgio Sandrini, Roberto De Icco, Cristina Tassorelli, Nicola Smania, Stefano Tamburin
BACKGROUND: Despite their huge epidemiological impact, primary headaches, trigeminal neuralgia and other chronic pain conditions still receive suboptimal medical approach, even in developed countries. The limited efficacy of current pain-killers and prophylactic treatments stands among the main reasons for this phenomenon. Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) represents a well-established and licensed treatment for chronic migraine, but also an emerging treatment for other types of primary headache, trigeminal neuralgia, neuropathic pain, and an increasing number of pain conditions...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295273/importance-of-pain-acceptance-in-relation-to-headache-disability-and-pain-interference-in-women-with-migraine-and-overweight-obesity
#7
Jason Lillis, J Graham Thomas, Elizabeth K Seng, Richard B Lipton, Jelena M Pavlović, Lucille Rathier, Julie Roth, Kevin C O'Leary, Dale S Bond
BACKGROUND: Pain acceptance involves willingness to experience pain and engaging in valued activities while pain is present. Though pain acceptance could limit both headache-related disability and pain interference in individuals with migraine, few studies have addressed this issue. This study evaluated whether higher levels of total pain acceptance and its two subcomponents, pain willingness and activity engagement, were associated with lower levels of headache-related impairment in women who had both migraine and overweight/obesity...
March 13, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293532/anatomical-regional-targeted-art-botox-injection-technique-a-novel-paradigm-for-migraines-and-chronic-headaches
#8
Bardia Amirlak, Kyle Sanniec, Ronnie Pezeshk, Michael Chung
Migraine headaches are a debilitating disease that causes significant socioeconomic problems. One of the speculated etiologies of the generation of migraines is peripheral nerve irritation at different trigger points. The use of Onabotulinum toxin A (BOTOX), although initially a novel approach, has now been determined to be a valid treatment for chronic headaches and migraines as described in the Phase III Research Evaluating Migraine Prophylaxis Therapy trials that prompted the approval by the Food and Drug Administration for treatment of chronic migraines...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281107/cannabis-for-pain-and-headaches-primer
#9
REVIEW
Philip S Kim, Michael A Fishman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Marijuana has been used both medicinally and recreationally since ancient times and interest in its compounds for pain relief has increased in recent years. The identification of our own intrinsic, endocannabinoid system has laid the foundation for further research. RECENT FINDINGS: Synthetic cannabinoids are being developed and synthesized from the marijuana plant such as dronabinol and nabilone. The US Food and Drug Administration approved the use of dronabinol and nabilone for chemotherapy-associated nausea and vomiting and HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) wasting...
April 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274721/role-of-%C3%AE-endorphin-in-pain-relief-following-high-rate-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-in-migraine
#10
Usha Kant Misra, Jayantee Kalita, Gyanesh Tripathi, Sanjeev Kumar Bhoi
BACKGROUND: In migraine, high rate repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been reported to be effective, and β endorphin (BE) may have a role in headache relief. OBJECTIVE: To report the role of BE and its μ (MOR) and δ opioid receptors (DOR) in headache relief following high rate rTMS in migraine. METHODS: Ninety-three migraine patients having more than 4 attacks per month were included. 10 Hz rTMS (600 pulses in 10 trains) was delivered to left motor cortex; 3 sessions to 24 (group 1), 1 session to 22 (group II) and sham stimulation to 47 patients (group III)...
February 24, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192271/ventral-spontaneous-durotomy-following-vaginal-delivery
#11
Nitin Agarwal, Ahmed I Kashkoush, Arpan V Prabhu, Raymond F Sekula
INTRODUCTION: Dural breaches have a diverse etiology, including spontaneous rupture and trauma. Most cases resolve with bedrest, though in refractory cases an epidural blood patch can be placed to obstruct further leakage. Here, we discuss a unique case of a spontaneous ventral durotomy following vaginal delivery managed with injections of autologous blood through bilateral transforaminal needles. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A previously healthy 36-year-old pregnant female presented to the inpatient maternity ward with positional occipital headaches and neck pain 24 hours following normal spontaneous vaginal delivery...
February 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182123/long-term-safety-and-analgesic-efficacy-of-buprenorphine-buccal-film-in-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-chronic-pain-requiring-around-the-clock-opioids
#12
Martin Hale, Veronica Urdaneta, M Todd Kirby, Qinfang Xiang, Richard Rauck
BACKGROUND: This open-label, single-arm study was conducted to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of a novel buprenorphine formulation, buprenorphine buccal film, in the treatment of moderate-to-severe chronic pain requiring around-the-clock opioids. METHODS: The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term safety and tolerability of buprenorphine buccal film. Five hundred and six patients who completed previous studies with buprenorphine buccal film (n=445; rollover patients) or were recruited de novo for this study (n=61) were enrolled in this study...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162626/-381-evaluation-of-headache-pain-response-and-nausea-relief-relative-to-triptan-use-and-placebo-in-migraine-patients-treated-with-diclofenac-potassium-for-oral-solution
#13
P Schmidt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149652/bilateral-intra-articular-radiofrequency-ablation-for-cervicogenic-headache
#14
Charles A Odonkor, Teresa Tang, David Taftian, Akhil Chhatre
Introduction. Cervicogenic headache is characterized by unilateral neck or face pain referred from various structures such as the cervical joints and intervertebral disks. A recent study of patients with cervical pain showed significant pain relief after cervical medial branch neurotomy but excluded patients with C1-2 joint pain. It remains unclear whether targeting this joint has potential for symptomatic relief. To address this issue, we present a case report of C1-2 joint ablation with positive outcomes...
2017: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135743/-alcohol-injection-in-a-patient-with-chronic-orbital-pain-after-enucleation-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
M P Schittkowski
A case is presented of a 54-year old patient who had been treated 10 months previously with enucleation for a painful blind eye. This led to severe and chronic pain in the orbital region that did not respond to conventional pain management. However, a single 1.5 ml injection of 96 % ethanol led to almost complete resolution of pain for the follow-up period of 6 months. Orbital pain after enucleation or evisceration may originate from the implant itself, the prosthesis, the socket or the sinuses. Taking a careful medical history and an examination, including orbital scans, are necessary to decide on the correct differential diagnosis...
January 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114806/infratrochlear-neuralgia-a-prospective-series-of-seven-patients-treated-with-infratrochlear-nerve-blocks
#16
Rocío-Nur Villar-Quiles, Héctor García-Moreno, Diego Mayo, Álvaro Gutiérrez-Viedma, María-Isabel Ramos, Javier Casas-Limón, María-Luz Cuadrado
Background Infratrochlear neuralgia is a recently described painful cranial neuropathy that causes pain in the internal angle of the orbit and the medial upper eyelid, the upper bridge of the nose and/or the lacrimal caruncle. We aim to present seven new cases of infratrochlear neuralgia treated with anaesthetic nerve blocks. Methods Over an 18-month period, we prospectively identified seven cases of infratrochlear neuralgia among the patients attending the Headache Unit in a tertiary hospital. Anaesthetic blocks were performed by injecting 0...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095704/a-pilot-study-examining-the-effects-of-priming-headache-illness-schema-on-attentional-engagement-towards-pain-relief-medication-in-those-with-high-and-low-medication-treatment-beliefs
#17
Monisha Ahluwalia, Alicia M Hughes, Lance M McCracken, Joseph Chilcot
Few studies have assessed the underlying theoretical components of the Common Sense Model. Past studies have found, through implicit priming, that coping strategies are embedded within illness schema. Our aim was to evaluate the effect priming 'headache' illness schema upon attentional engagement to pain relief medication and to examine the interaction with illness treatment beliefs. Attentional engagement to the pain relief medication ('Paracetamol') was assessed using a 2 (primed vs. control) × 2 (strong belief in medication efficacy vs...
January 18, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072807/occipital-nerve-stimulation-for-refractory-chronic-migraine-results-of-a-long-term-prospective-study
#18
Dolores Rodrigo, Pilar Acin, Pedro Bermejo
BACKGROUND: Refractory chronic migraine affects approximately 4% of the population worldwide and results in severe pain, lifestyle limitations, and decreased quality of life. Occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) refers to the electric stimulation of the distal branches of greater and lesser occipital nerves; the surgical technique has previously been described and has demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of a wide variety of headache disorders. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the long-term efficacy and tolerability of ONS for medically intractable chronic migraine...
January 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067687/a-case-of-toxic-breast-feeding
#19
Megan L Schultz, Mark Kostic, Sigmund Kharasch
Opiates are frequently prescribed postpartum for pain relief after cesarean delivery, episiotomies, and headaches. It is estimated that greater than 30% of breast-feeding mothers in the United States are prescribed opiates for pain relief associated with childbirth. Many opiates are readily transferred to human milk, although life-threatening events are rare. We report a 6-day-old breast-feeding infant whose mother was taking hydromorphone for pain relief from a cesarean delivery and whose clinical course was suggestive of opiate toxicity...
January 6, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993418/comparison-of-intravenous-ketorolac-at-three-single-dose-regimens-for-treating-acute-pain-in-the-emergency-department-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Sergey Motov, Matthew Yasavolian, Antonios Likourezos, Illya Pushkar, Rukhsana Hossain, Jefferson Drapkin, Victor Cohen, Nicholas Filk, Andrew Smith, Felix Huang, Bradley Rockoff, Peter Homel, Christian Fromm
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used extensively for the management of acute and chronic pain, with ketorolac tromethamine being one of the most frequently used parenteral analgesics in the emergency department (ED). The drugs may commonly be used at doses above their analgesic ceiling, offering no incremental analgesic advantage while potentially adding risk of harm. We evaluate the analgesic efficacy of 3 doses of intravenous ketorolac in ED patients with acute pain...
December 16, 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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