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Echography in icu

Hiroki Miura, Fumihiko Hattori, Hidetoshi Uchida, Tadayoshi Hata, Kazuko Kudo, Masatoki Sato, Tetsushi Yoshikawa
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is common and may be severe among patients with preexisting cardiac anomalies, but direct involvement of myocardial damage is not common in those patients. Additionally, myocardial involvement has been rarely described among immune compromised children. CASE PRESENTATION: A 4-year-old girl with acute lymphoblastic leukemia who received maintenance chemotherapy in an outpatient clinic developed systemic inflammatory response syndrome...
February 12, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
William Beaubien-Souligny, Roberto Eljaiek, Annik Fortier, Yoan Lamarche, Mark Liszkowski, Josée Bouchard, André Y Denault
OBJECTIVE: Venous congestion is a possible mechanism leading to acute kidney injury (AKI) following cardiac surgery. Portal vein flow pulsatility is an echographic marker of cardiogenic portal hypertension and might identify clinically significant organ congestion. This exploratory study aims to assess if the presence of portal flow pulsatility measured by transthoracic echography in the postsurgical intensive care unit is associated with AKI after cardiac surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Christoph Ellenberger, Tornike Sologashvili, Mustafa Cikirikcioglu, Gabriel Verdon, John Diaper, Tiziano Cassina, Marc Licker
INTRODUCTION: Ventricular dysfunction requiring inotropic support frequently occurs after cardiac surgery, and the associated low cardiac output syndrome largely contributes to postoperative death. We aimed to study the incidence and potential risk factors of postcardiotomy ventricular dysfunction (PCVD) in moderate-to-high risk patients scheduled for open-heart surgery. METHODS: Over a 5-year period, we prospectively enrolled 295 consecutive patients undergoing valve replacement for severe aortic stenosis or coronary artery bypass surgery who presented with Bernstein-Parsonnet scores >7...
July 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Kodai Suzuki, Takahito Miyake, Hideshi Okada, Fuminori Yamaji, Yuichiro Kitagawa, Tetsuya Fukuta, Ryu Yasuda, Yoshihito Tanaka, Haruka Okamoto, Sho Nachi, Tomoaki Doi, Takahiro Yoshida, Keisuke Kumada, Shozo Yoshida, Hiroaki Ushikoshi, Izumi Toyoda, Shinji Ogura
BACKGROUND: Thyrotoxic crisis and pheochromocytoma multisystem crisis are rare, life-threatening, emergency endocrine diseases with various clinical manifestations. Here we report a case of a patient who simultaneously developed thyrotoxic crisis and pheochromocytoma multisystem crisis and required intensive cardiovascular management. CASE PRESENTATION: A 60-year-old Asian man experienced nausea and vomiting, and subsequently developed dyspnea and cold sweats while farming...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Matthieu Jabaudon, Thomas Godet, Emmanuel Futier, Jean-Étienne Bazin, Vincent Sapin, Laurence Roszyk, Bruno Pereira, Jean-Michel Constantin
Different acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) phenotypes may explain controversial results in clinical trials. Lung-morphology is one of the ARDS-phenotypes and physiological studies suggest different responses in terms of positive-end-expiratory-pressure (PEEP) and recruitment-manoeuvres (RM) according to loss of aeration. To evaluate whether tailored ventilator regimens may impact ARDS outcomes, our group has designed a randomised-clinical-trial of ventilator settings according to lung morphology in moderate-to-severe ARDS (LIVE study)...
October 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Marie-Philippine Clair, Jérôme Rambaud, Adrien Flahault, Romain Guedj, Julia Guilbert, Isabelle Guellec, Amélie Durandy, Maryne Demoulin, Sandrine Jean, Delphine Mitanchez, François Chalard, Chiara Sileo, Ricardo Carbajal, Sylvain Renolleau, Pierre-Louis Léger
OBJECTIVES: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support is indicated in severe and refractory respiratory or circulatory failures. Neurological complications are typically represented by acute ischemic or hemorrhagic lesions, which induce higher morbidity and mortality. The primary goal of this study was to assess the prognostic value of cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (StcO2) on mortality in neonates and young infants treated with ECMO. A secondary objective was to evaluate the association between StcO2 and the occurrence of cerebral lesions...
2017: PloS One
Tahar Chouihed, Stéphane Manzo-Silberman, Nicolas Peschanski, Sandrine Charpentier, Meyer Elbaz, Dominique Savary, Eric Bonnefoy-Cudraz, Said Laribi, Patrick Henry, Nicolas Girerd, Faiez Zannad, Carlos El Khoury
BACKGROUND: An appropriate diagnostic process is crucial for managing patients with acute heart failure (AHF) in emergency department (ED). Our study aims to describe the characteristics and therapeutic management of patients admitted to the ED for dyspnea suspected to have AHF, their in-hospital pathway of care and their in-hospital outcome. METHODS: Consecutive patients admitted in 26 French ED for dyspnea suspected to be the consequence of AHF, prior to in hospital diagnostic test, were prospectively included at the time of their admission in the DeFSSICA Survey...
September 17, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Lucile Gignon, Claire Roger, Sophie Bastide, Sandrine Alonso, Laurent Zieleskiewicz, Hervé Quintard, Lana Zoric, Xavier Bobbia, Mathieu Raux, Marc Leone, Jean-Yves Lefrant, Laurent Muller
BACKGROUND: The collapsibility index of inferior vena cava (cIVC) is widely used to decide fluid infusion in spontaneously breathing intensive care unit patients. The authors hypothesized that high inspiratory efforts may induce false-positive high cIVC values. This study aims at determining a value of diaphragmatic motion recorded by echography that could predict a high cIVC (more than or equal to 40%) in healthy volunteers. METHODS: The cIVC and diaphragmatic motions were recorded for three levels of inspiratory efforts...
June 2016: Anesthesiology
Fabiano Broilo, Andre Meregalli, Gilberto Friedman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the respiratory variation of the inferior vena cava diameter (∆DIVC) and right internal jugular vein diameter (∆DRIJ) are correlated in mechanically ventilated patients. METHODS: This study was a prospective clinical analysis in an intensive care unit at a university hospital. Thirty-nine mechanically ventilated patients with hemodynamic instability were included. ∆DIVC and ∆DRIJ were assessed by echography. Vein distensibility was calculated as the ratio of (A) Dmax--Dmin/Dmin and (B) Dmax--Dmin/ mean of Dmax--Dmin and expressed as a percentage...
July 2015: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
Clémence Minet, Leila Potton, Agnès Bonadona, Rébecca Hamidfar-Roy, Claire Ara Somohano, Maxime Lugosi, Jean-Charles Cartier, Gilbert Ferretti, Carole Schwebel, Jean-François Timsit
Venous thromboembolism (VTE), including pulmonary embolism (PE) and deep venous thrombosis (DVT), is a common and severe complication of critical illness. Although well documented in the general population, the prevalence of PE is less known in the ICU, where it is more difficult to diagnose and to treat. Critically ill patients are at high risk of VTE because they combine both general risk factors together with specific ICU risk factors of VTE, like sedation, immobilization, vasopressors or central venous catheter...
August 18, 2015: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Renaud Prevel, Philippe Garcon, François Philippart
OBJECTIVES: To report an unusual case of suicide attempt secondary complicated of pulmonary and systemic embolisms. DATA SOURCE: A 49-year-old-woman, with a factor V Leiden mutation and a notion of chronic depression, admitted to our intensive care unit for a suicide attempt by ingestion ofmepronizine and lormetazepam. DATA EXTRACTION: We report the rare evolution of this patient with a persistent alteration of consciousness associating a respiratory degradation...
January 2015: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
Anselmo Caricato, Sara Pitoni, Luca Montini, Maria Grazia Bocci, Pina Annetta, Massimo Antonelli
Transcranial sonography (TCS) is an ultrasound-based imaging technique, which allows the identification of several structures within the brain parenchyma. In the past it has been applied for bedside assessment of different intracranial pathologies in children. Presently, TCS is also used on adult patients to diagnose intracranial space occupying lesions of various origins, intracranial hemorrhage, hydrocephalus, midline shift and neurodegenerative movement disorders, in both acute and chronic clinical settings...
September 28, 2014: World Journal of Radiology
Giovanni Zagli, Morena Cozzolino, Alessandro Terreni, Tiziana Biagioli, Anna Lucia Caldini, Adriano Peris
BACKGROUND: To facilitate the clinical diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in the ICU, the Clinical Pulmonary Infection Score (CPIS) has been proposed but has shown a low diagnostic performance in subsequent studies. We propose a new score based on procalcitonin level and chest echography with the aim of improving VAP diagnosis: the Chest Echography and Procalcitonin Pulmonary Infection Score (CEPPIS). METHODS: This retrospective pilot study recruited patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit of the Emergency Department, Careggi University Hospital (Florence, Italy), from January 2009 to December 2011...
December 2014: Chest
Matthieu Jabaudon, Sébastien Perbet, Bruno Pereira, Alexis Soummer, Laurence Roszyk, Renaud Guérin, Emmanuel Futier, Qin Lu, Jean-Etienne Bazin, Vincent Sapin, Jean-Jacques Rouby, Jean-Michel Constantin
RATIONALE: Postextubation distress after a successful spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Lung ultrasound determination of changes in lung aeration predicts weaning failure. It remains unknown whether this derecruitment is related to alveolar epithelial dysfunction or not. OBJECTIVE: To verify whether lung alveolar type I epithelial cell injury marker sRAGE (soluble form of the receptor for advanced glycation end-products) is predictive of postextubation distress and weaning failure or not, and to verify whether plasma sRAGE levels can be related to lung derecruitment during the process of weaning from mechanical ventilation or not...
2013: PloS One
Francesco Raimondi, Fiorella Migliaro, Angela Sodano, Angela Umbaldo, Antonia Romano, Gianfranco Vallone, Letizia Capasso
INTRODUCTION: At birth, lung fluid is rapidly cleared to allow gas exchange. As pulmonary sonography discriminates between liquid and air content, we have used it to monitor extrauterine fluid clearance and respiratory adaptation in term and late preterm neonates. Ultrasound data were also related to the need for respiratory support. METHODS: Consecutive infants at 60 to 120 minutes after birth underwent lung echography. Images were classified using a standardized protocol of adult emergency medicine with minor modifications...
November 14, 2012: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Anselmo Caricato, Vittorio Mignani, Maria Grazia Bocci, Mariano Alberto Pennisi, Claudio Sandroni, Alessandra Tersali, Alessandra Antonaci, Chiara de Waure, Massimo Antonelli
OBJECTIVE: To assess the agreement between computed tomography and transcranial sonography in patients after decompressive craniectomy. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: The medical intensive care unit of a university-affiliated teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Thirty head-injured patients consecutively admitted to the intensive care unit of "A. Gemelli" Hospital who underwent decompressive craniectomy were studied. Immediately before brain cranial tomography, transcranial ultrasonography was performed...
June 2012: Critical Care Medicine
Sara Mandorla, Paolo Trambaiolo, Margherita De Cristofaro, Mara Baldassi, Maria Penco
One of the main tasks of a scientific society is to define the theoretical bases and appropriate management strategies with the aim to maintain a high-quality diagnostic and therapeutic standard. As far as echocardiography is concerned, the task of the Italian Society of Cardiovascular Echography is to provide appropriate, complete, and useful echocardiographic tests for clinical application, as well as procedural, technological, organizational and economic indications to be adopted in clinical practice. In addition, there is an increasing need for regulating access to echocardiographic assessment according to clinical priority, because of the huge proportion of patients who should undergo a first or follow-up echocardiographic evaluation...
June 2010: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Jan Poelaert
Echography has developed as an indispensable tool in diagnosis and subsequent therapy in the critically ill. Although pulmonary and abdominal ultrasounds play a major role in their management, this article will discuss the advantages and indications of echocardiography in the intensive care unit (ICU). The assessment of morphological abnormalities, left or right ventricular malfunction, pulmonary arterial hypertension and valvular dysfunctions is a routine indication of echocardiography. Actually, besides contractility, several preload and even afterload indicators can also be assessed...
September 2009: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
Dana Tomescu, Anca Vişan, I Popescu, D Tulbure
We report the case of a 56 years old male patient, smoker, obese, with untreated arterial hypertension, hospitalized on 16.02.07 with the diagnosis of inferior acute myocardial infarction, for which he received thrombolysis with streptokinase, followed by anticoagulation with non fractioned heparin. Two days later he started to complain of acute abdominal pain, and laboratory findings showed a low hemoglobin level. Imaging findings (ultrasonography and CT scan) showed evidence of subcapsular liver haematoma, caused by bleeding at hepatic and splenic level...
September 2008: Chirurgia
V Exbrayat, J Morel, J-P De Filippis, G Tourne, R Jospe, C Auboyer
We report the case of a 31-year-old pregnant patient in the 33rd week of gestation, with no history of dyslipidaemia, admitted for sub-acute epigastric pain. The milky aspect of blood samples was remarkable. Blood analysis showed a moderate increase in pancreatic enzymes but a major hyperlipaemia: triglyceridaemia 113 g/l and total cholesterolaemia 25 g/l. We suspected a hypertriglyceridemia-induced pancreatitis in pregnancy. The diagnosis was confirmed by CT-scan. Abdominal echography showed no abnormalities in biliary duct...
July 2007: Annales Françaises D'anesthèsie et de Rèanimation
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