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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515742/the-use-of-intraoperative-epiaortic-ultrasonography-in-monitoring-patients-over-75-years-old-treated-with-aortic-valve-replacement
#1
Tomasz Niklewski, Michał Zembala, Dariusz Puszczewicz, Paweł Nadziakiewicz, Wojciech Karolak, Marian Zembala
INTRODUCTION: Epiaortic ultrasound scanning (EAS) extended the use of ultrasound to the intraoperative diagnosis of aortic pathology. Surgical palpation of the ascending aorta underestimates the presence and severity of atherosclerotic plaques. Epiaortic ultrasound scanning has been used as an adjunct to transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) or as a primary direct diagnostic tool for imaging the ascending aorta as well as the aortic arch, which gained prominence as part of a multipronged intraoperative strategy to reduce atherosclerotic emboli...
March 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511264/visceral-artery-aneurysms-and-pseudoaneurysms-retrospective-analysis-of-interventional-endovascular-therapy-of-43-aneurysms
#2
Hannes Ruhnke, Thomas J Kröncke
Purpose To evaluate the results of interventional endovascular therapy of incidental and symptomatic visceral artery aneurysms in the elective and emergency situation. Materials and Methods 43 aneurysms in 38 patients (19 female, 19 male, mean age: 57 ± 16 years [18 - 82]) were treated between 2011 and 2015. The characteristics of the aneurysms (true vs. false aneurysm, size, etiology, location, symptoms) were considered. Furthermore, we evaluated the intervention with respect to technical success, embolic/occlusive agents used, therapy-associated complications and post-interventional follow-up...
May 16, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509621/atherosclerotic-vascular-diseases-have-really-the-same-risk-factors-comparison-between-large-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-and-obstructive-non-coronary-arterial-disease
#3
Dimitri Tsialtas, Maria Giulia Bolognesi, Riccardo Volpi, Roberto Bolognesi
Objectives The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there are differences among clinical conditions and traditional atherosclerotic risk factors between patients with large abdominal aortic aneurysm and those with occlusive non-coronary arterial disease. Methods We clinically examined 519 patients with asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm and 672 with severe obstructive arterial diseases before surgical repair. Results In patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm, we identified a clear predominance of males ( p < 0...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508064/fibulin-4-is-essential-for-maintaining-arterial-wall-integrity-in-conduit-but-not-muscular-arteries
#4
Carmen M Halabi, Thomas J Broekelmann, Michelle Lin, Vivian S Lee, Mon-Li Chu, Robert P Mecham
Homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in fibulin-4 (FBLN4) lead to autosomal recessive cutis laxa type 1B (ARCL1B), a multisystem disorder characterized by significant cardiovascular abnormalities, including abnormal elastin assembly, arterial tortuosity, and aortic aneurysms. We sought to determine the consequences of a human disease-causing mutation in FBLN4 (E57K) on the cardiovascular system and vascular elastic fibers in a mouse model of ARCL1B. Fbln4(E57K/E57K) mice were hypertensive and developed arterial elongation, tortuosity, and ascending aortic aneurysms...
May 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502551/variation-in-hospital-costs-and-reimbursement-for-endovascular-aneurysm-repair-a-vascular-quality-initiative-pilot-project
#5
Gary W Lemmon, Dan Neal, Randall R DeMartino, Joseph R Schneider, Tej Singh, Larry Kraiss, Salvatore Scali, Apostolos Tassiopoulos, Andrew Hoel, Jack L Cronenwett
OBJECTIVE: Comparing costs between centers is difficult because of the heterogeneity of vascular procedures contained in broad diagnosis-related group (DRG) billing categories. The purpose of this pilot project was to develop a mechanism to merge Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI) clinical data with hospital billing data to allow more accurate cost and reimbursement comparison for endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) procedures across centers. METHODS: Eighteen VQI centers volunteered to submit UB04 billing data for 782 primary, elective infrarenal EVAR procedures performed by 108 surgeons in 2014...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502540/trends-and-outcomes-in-endovascular-and-open-surgical-treatment-of-visceral-aneurysms
#6
Jason A Chin, Adele Heib, Cassius I Ochoa Chaar, Jonathan A Cardella, Kristine C Orion, Timur P Sarac
OBJECTIVE: Visceral artery aneurysms (VAAs) are rare but often repaired because of dire consequences of rupture. This is a population-based evaluation of chronologic trends in management, risk factors, and outcomes of endovascular and open therapy. METHODS: The 2003 to 2013 Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database was reviewed. Cases with primary diagnosis of VAA and undergoing endovascular or open repair were identified...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502074/causes-and-consequences-of-mesenteric-embolization-after-endovascular-aorto-iliac-intervention-a-nested-case-control-study
#7
Stefan Acosta, Jussi Kärkkäinen
BACKGROUND: Causes and consequences of mesenteric embolization after endovascular aorto-iliac procedures have not been studied adequately. METHODS: Consecutive patients with mesenteric embolization after endovascular aorto-iliac intervention between 2011 and 2015 (case-group, n = 9) were investigated and compared with age, gender and procedure-matched random controls (n = 36). RESULTS: Compared to the control group, a higher proportion of patients with mesenteric embolization were current smokers (89% vs...
May 14, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495541/endovascular-repair-of-a-short-neck-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-with-a-physician-modified-vascutek-anaconda-stent-graft
#8
Ambroise Duprey, Sabrina Ben Ahmed, Antoine Millon, Patrick Feugier, Jean-Pierre Favre, Jean-Noël Albertini
An 81 year-old woman was referred for the treatment of a 79 mm-diameter short neck abdominal aortic aneurysm with highly tortuous iliac arteries. She was considered at high risk for open repair and not suitable for standard endovascular repair given the short length of the proximal neck. Delay for a manufactured custom-made fenestrated stent-graft was too long given the diameter of the aneurysm. A flexible stent-graft was preferred because of severe iliac tortuosity. Endovascular repair was performed using a physician-modified Anaconda stent-graft with one fenestration for the left renal artery...
May 8, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495504/renal-arterial-mycotic-aneurysm-after-kidney-transplantation
#9
Hélène Lazareth, Maren Burbach, Clément Gosset, Carmen Lefaucheur, Pourya Pashootan, Anne-Marie Zagdanski, Blandine Denis
Mycotic aneurysm is a rare condition mostly attributable to Candida or Aspergillus species. About 20 cases of Candida-related arteritis have been reported in kidney transplant patients. Herein, we report the case of a 40-year-old man who received a kidney from a deceased donor in whom an accidental digestive wound was made during organ retrieval. He presented with sudden anuria 47 days after renal transplantation revealing a large mycotic aneurysm of the kidney graft renal artery. Organs derived from donors in whom a digestive breach is noticed should be used with caution...
May 8, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486843/emergent-endovascular-repair-of-challenging-aortocaval-fistula-with-hostile-anatomy
#10
Yuewei Wang, Wenjuan Yu, Yongxin Li, Haofu Wang
Aortocaval fistula (ACF) is a rare complication. Endovascular repair is an option for this fatal condition. However, endoleak and persistent fistula may occur and lead to technical failure. We performed endovascular repair for 3 cases of challenging ACF with hostile anatomy. Patient 1 was an 80-year-old man who complained of abdominal distension and lower limb edema for 15 days. He had renal and cardiac dysfunction. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) showed an ACF and extreme tortuosity of right iliac artery...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484713/quantitative-aortic-distensibility-measurement-using-ct-in-patients-with-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-reproducibility-and-clinical-relevance
#11
Yunfei Zha, Gongling Peng, Liang Li, Chunying Yang, Xuesong Lu, Zhoufeng Peng
Purpose. To investigate the reproducibility of aortic distensibility (D) measurement using CT and assess its clinical relevance in patients with infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Methods. 54 patients with infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm were studied to determine their distensibility by using 64-MDCT. Aortic cross-sectional area changes were determined at two positions of the aorta, immediately below the lowest renal artery (level 1.) and at the level of its maximal diameter (level 2.) by semiautomatic segmentation...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483632/chimney-technique-with-the-incraft%C3%A2-aaa-stent-graft-system-to-treat-pararenal-aortic-aneurysm-in-narrowed-iliac-axes
#12
Nunzio Montelione, Pasqualino Sirignano, Wassim Mansour, Martina Formiconi, Laura Capoccia, Francesco Speziale
To report a case of pararenal aortic aneurysm (PAAA) with narrowed iliac arteries treated by the chimney technique combined with the INCRAFT(®) AAA stent graft system. A 75-year-old man was diagnosed with a 55mm PAAA. Patient was judged unfit for open repair and for standard endovascular repair (EVAR) due to its clinical and anatomical requirements. Custom-made fenestrated device (FEVAR) was excluded due to the presence of narrowed and heavily calcified iliac axes. Consequently, patient underwent auspicious endovascular aneurysm repair with the INCRAFT(®) System and chimney grafts in the superior mesenteric artery and both renal arteries...
May 5, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479428/aortic-foreign-body-caused-by-rupture-of-endobag-after-evas-using-the-nellix-aneurysm-sealing-system-a-case-report
#13
Jan P Frese, Ioannis T Passaloglou, Anita Micheel, Alexandra Gratl, Erik L Franzen, Safwan Omran, Andreas Greiner
The Nellix aneurysm sealing system aims at sealing the cavity of the sac of the aneurysm, in order to reduce typical complications such as migration or endoleak. We report on a case of a unique device-associated complication: rupture and displacement of the filling material into the aortic lumen, causing peripheral ischemia and imminent renal and visceral occlusion, in a patient with anastomotic ulcer after an open aortobiiliac bypass, and calcified and tortuous iliac arteries. The material was removed by open surgery...
May 4, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479424/open-and-endovascular-management-of-inferior-mesenteric-artery-aneurysms-a-report-of-two-cases
#14
Natasha Hansraj, Abdulrahman Hamdi, Eric S Wise, Laura DiChiacchio, Rajabrata Sarkar, Shahab Toursavadkohi
Inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) aneurysms are a rare entity, attributing to 1% of sphlanic aneurysms, [1] often found incidentally on evaluation for other intra-abdominal pathologies. Similar to other visceral arterial aneurysm, there is an estimated 20-50% risk of potentially fatal rupture and repair is generally recommended. We report two patients with IMA aneurysms, using them as cases to illustrate feasibility of both open and endovascular management options. Patient one is a 69-year-old male with bilateral claudication found to have an asymptomatic 20 mm IMA aneurysm...
May 4, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477214/the-new-double-layer-micromesh-stent-roadsaver-%C3%A2-use-in-endovascular-treatment-of-supraaortic-and-visceral-artery-aneurysms-and-pseudoaneurysms
#15
Koray Akkan, Erhan Ilgit, Kutlay Karaman, Baran Onal, Murat Dökdök, Elif Ersöz, Abdullah Özer, Bijen Nazliel
PURPOSE: This study was designed to present our preliminary experience with the Roadsaver(®) double-layer micromesh (DLM) stent in the endovascular treatment of supra-aortic and visceral aneurysms and to utilize the flow-diverting effect of this new design in the treatment of these aneurysms. METHODS: DLM stent (Roadsaver(®), Terumo, Tokyo, Japan) was used in five patients (median age 61.8 years; three men) for treating arterial aneurysms (one common carotid artery, one vertebral artery V1 segment, one superior mesenteric artery, and two renal artery aneurysms)...
May 5, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463859/adiponectin-lipids-and-atherosclerosis
#16
Niki Katsiki, Christos Mantzoros, Dimitri P Mikhailidis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Adiponectin is an adipokine with anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiatherogenic, pro-angiogenic, vasoprotective and insulin-sensitizing properties. Several factors may influence adiponectin levels, such as genetic polymorphisms, obesity / body fat distribution, diet and exercise as well as cardiovascular risk factors such as sleep deprivation and smoking as well as medications. Adiponectin has been proposed as a potential prognostic biomarker and a therapeutic target in patients with cardiometabolic diseases...
April 29, 2017: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451985/prophylactic-accessory-renal-artery-coil-embolization-for-prevention-of-type-ii-endoleak-following-endovascular-aneurysm-repair-a-case-report
#17
Ryosuke Nishie, Naoki Toya, Soichiro Fukushima, Eisaku Ito, Yuri Murakami, Tadashi Akiba, Takao Ohki
BACKGROUND: Prior reports indicate that intentional coverage of the accessory renal arteries (ARAs) with a diameter larger than 3 mm during endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) increases risk of additional treatment for type II endoleak. Here, we report a case of prophylactic coil embolization for a 4 mm ARA originating from an abdominal aortic aneurysm. CASE PRESENTATION: A 76-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital after noticing an abdominal pulsatile mass...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445318/renal-failure-caused-by-a-partly-calcified-aortic-aneurysm-in-a-patient-with-dabigatran-therapy-a-case-report
#18
Philipp Jud, Thomas Gary, Kurt Tiesenhausen, Rupert Portugaller, Gerald Hackl, Marianne Brodmann
RATIONALE: Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are mostly asymptomatic. If aortic aneurysms become symptomatic, complications include peripheral embolization, acute aortic occlusion, and aortic rupture. However, there are also unusual complications caused by aortic aneurysms. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 87-old male with dabigatran therapy presented with newly developed melena and acute renal failure. Radiological imaging revealed an AAA with thrombotic and calcified deposits which affected the renal arteries...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427905/abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-screening-practices-impact-of-the-2014-u-s-preventive-services-task-force-recommendations
#19
Evan J Zucker, Alexander S Misono, Anand M Prabhakar
PURPOSE: To assess changes in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) ultrasound screening associated with the release of revised U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on June 24, 2014. METHODS: All AAA screening ultrasound examinations performed in the Massachusetts General Hospital radiology department in the 15 months before and after the new guidelines were retrospectively reviewed to assess changes in examination volume and appropriateness, demographics, aneurysm detection rate and size at diagnosis, frequency and type of incidental findings, and radiologist recommendations...
April 17, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416930/what-are-the-prevalence-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-diseases-and-the-characteristics-of-these-patients
#20
Ulku Aka Akturk, Nagihan Durmus Kocak, Suleyman Akturk, Mert Dumantepe, Aysun Sengul, Mehmet Arif Akcay, Makbule Ozlem Akbay, Feyyaz Kabadayi, Dilek Ernam
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to assess the characteristics of these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Stable COPD patients (age, >40 years) were included in the study between January 2014 and June 2014. Patients with acute exacerbations and a previous lung resection were excluded. Data regarding demographic characteristics were recorded. The modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) dyspnea scale was used to assess the severity of breathlessness...
February 2017: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
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