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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882508/regional-early-development-and-eruption-of-permanent-teeth-case-report
#1
A M Al Mullahi, A Bakathir, S Al Jahdhami
BACKGROUND: Early development and eruption of permanent teeth are rarely reported in scientific literature. Early eruption of permanent teeth has been reported to occur due to local factors such as trauma or dental abscesses in primary teeth, and in systemic conditions. Congenital diffuse infiltrating facial lipomatosis (CDIFL) is a rare condition that belongs to a group of lipomatosis tumours. In this disorder, the mature adipocytes invade adjacent soft and hard tissues in the facial region...
November 23, 2016: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834119/correlation-of-periodontal-disease-with-inflammatory-arthritis-in-the-time-before-modern-medical-intervention
#2
Bruce Rothschild
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists as to possible correlation of periodontal disease with rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis. Confounding factors may relate to stringency of inflammatory disease diagnosis and to effect on periodontal disease of therapeutic intervention for rheumatoid arthritis. These were investigated. METHODS: Forty-five individuals with documented rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthropathy and calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease were examined from the Hamann-Todd collection of human skeletons compiled between 1912 and 1938, in addition to fifteen individuals contemporarily incorporated in the collection were examined for tooth loss, cavity occurrence, average and maximum lingual and buccal depth of the space between tooth and bone, periosteal reaction, serpentine bone resorption, abscess formation and root penetration of bone surface and analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA)...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825838/the-relationship-between-oral-health-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-elderly-people-in-united-kingdom
#3
Mohd Masood, Tim Newton, Noor Nazahiya Bakri, Taimur Khalid, Yaghma Masood
OBJECTIVES: To identify the determinants of OHRQoL among older people in the United Kingdom. METHODS: A subset of elderly (≥65year) participants from the UK Adult Dental Health Survey 2009 data was used. OHRQoL was assessed by means of the OHIP-14 additive score. The number of missing teeth; presence of active caries, dental pain, root caries, tooth wear, periodontal pockets>4mm, loss of attachment>9mm; having PUFA>0 (presence of severely decayed teeth with visible pulpal involvement, ulceration caused by dislocated tooth fragments, fistula and abscess); and wearing a denture were used as predictor variables...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816793/meta-analysis-of-teeth-from-european-populations-before-and-after-the-18th-century-reveals-a-shift-towards-increased-prevalence-of-caries-and-tooth-loss
#4
REVIEW
Antonia Müller, Kais Hussein
Based on single studies, it has been hypothesised that Europeans have suffered less frequently from caries before the 18th century than after the 18th century and that females have higher caries prevalence, but systematic European-wide overviews are sparse. We collected published data on dental diseases (publication between 1981 and 2015 with reports on 29 cohorts with 4998 individuals and a total of 85817 teeth). Meta-analyses revealed that, over several hundred years, including the post-18th century era, Europeans had relatively constant frequencies of caries and ante-mortem tooth loss, but since the 18th century, the mean frequencies of these dental diseases increased (each p<0...
August 20, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805891/the-role-of-feeding-practices-as-a-determinant-of-the-pufa-index-in-children-with-early-childhood-caries
#5
K Gandeeban, M Ramakrishnan, H S Halawany, N B Abraham, V Jacob, S Anil
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and severity of untreated dental caries among young children (aged <6 years) with early childhood caries (ECC) using the pufa index and to examine the relationship between caries and feeding practices. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of children with ECC was undertaken in two stages: a questionnaire survey based on interviews and an intraoral examination using the defs and pufa indices. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of untreated dental caries in our sample of 238 ECC-affected children was 72...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795647/erosive-effects-of-pediatric-liquid-medicinal-syrups-on-primary-enamel-an-in-vitro-comparative-study
#6
Parimala Kulkarni, Ayushi Anand, Arpana Bansal, Ankur Jain, Utkarsh Tiwari, Suchi Agrawal
CONTEXT: The use of liquid medicinal syrups in childhood is high owing to the reasons that children suffer from illness quite often. The acidic component in the formulations may cause erosion to the dental tissues. AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate the erosive potential of pediatric liquid medicinal syrups on the deciduous teeth. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of sixty extracted/exfoliated noncarious deciduous molars were used. Four medical syrups were used (viz...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771601/r-gas-under-diaphragm
#7
Maddibande Ramachar Sreevathsa, Khyati Melanta
INTRODUCTION: The most common cause of gas under diaphragm is hollow viscous perforation. In 10% of cases it can be due to rare causes, both abdominal and extra-abdominal, one of them being intra abdominal infection by gas forming organisms. PRESENTATION OF THE CASE: A 51 year old male patient, a poorly controlled diabetic, presented with a second episode of severe pain abdomen and abdominal distention, with lower abdominal tenderness. Plain Xray of the abdomen in erect posture showed gas under the right dome of diaphragm and ultrasound abdomen confirmed gross pneumoperitoneum...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703619/meningitis-and-subdural-empyema-as-complication-of-pterygomandibular-space-abscess-upon-tooth-extraction
#8
Paolo Cariati, Almudena Cabello-Serrano, Fernando Monsalve-Iglesias, Maria Roman-Ramos, Blas Garcia-Medina
Complication of dental infections might be various and heterogeneous. The most common complications are represented by maxilar celulitis, canine space celulitis, infratemporal space celulitis, temporal celulitis and bacteremia. Among rarest complications we found: sepsis, bacterial endocarditis, mediastinitis, intracranial complications, osteomyelitis, etc. Although dental infections are often considered trivial entities, sometimes they can reach an impressive gravity. In this regard, the present study describes a case of dental infection complicated by meningitis, subdural empiema and cerebral vasculitis...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681401/dental-neglect-among-children-in-chennai
#9
Deepa Gurunathan, Arunachalam Karthikeyan Shanmugaavel
BACKGROUND: Child dental neglect is the failure of a parent or guardian to meet the child's basic oral health needs such that the child enjoys adequate function and freedom from pain and infection, where reasonable resources are available to family or caregiver. AIM: The aim of the study is to evaluate the phenomenon of dental neglect among children in Chennai and to associate dental neglect with oral health status of children aged 3-12 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study involving 478 pairs of parents and children...
October 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663766/ed-triage-pain-protocol-reduces-time-to-receiving-analgesics-in-patients-with-painful-conditions
#10
Aaron Nathan Barksdale, Jeff Lee Hackman, Karen Williams, Matt Christopher Gratton
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that collaborative nursing protocols initiated in triage improve emergency department (ED) throughput and decrease time to treatment. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to determine if an ED triage pain protocol improves time to provision of analgesics. METHODS: Retrospective data abstracted via electronic medical record of patients at a safety net facility with 67 000 annual adult visits. Patients older than 18 years who presented to the ED between March 1, 2011, and May 31, 2013, with 1 of 6 conditions were included: back pain, dental pain, extremity trauma, sore throat, ear pain, or pain from an abscess...
August 27, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642739/-an-unexpected-cause-of-dyspnea-and-degradation-of-performance
#11
Peter Seizer, Michaela Rockenstiehl, Suzanne Fateh-Moghadam, Susanne Haen, Ferruh Artunc, Martin R Müller, Azadeh Ebrahimi, Reimer Riessen, Meinrad Gawaz, Falko Fend, Michael Haap
HISTORY AND ADMISSION FINDINGS: A 55-year old man suffers from progressive, distinctive dyspnoea and physical weakness since 5 days. Due to ST-segment changes in the ECG and a positive troponin-test, the primary care physician initiates an hospitalization. INVESTIGATIONS: After admission, the laboratory tests confirm the elevated troponin-values, and show additionally elevated pro-brain-natriuric-peptide-values. The coronary angiography presents a highly reduced left ventricular function, an aortic insufficiency III° and a coronary heart disease...
September 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620549/cervical-facet-joint-infection-and-associated-epidural-abscess-with-streptococcus-intermedius-from-a-dental-infection-origin-a-case-report-and-review
#12
Ian David Kaye, Themistocles S Protopsaltis
Pyogenic cervical facet joint infections are rare and such infections from a dental origin are even less common. Of these few cases, none have described infection with Streptococcus intermedius as the pathogen. A 65-year-old orthopaedic surgeon complained of fevers, right-sided radiating neck pain, stiffness, swelling, erythema, and right upper extremity weakness one month after he had broken a crown over his right mandibular premolar, a continued source of pain. Imaging of the cervical spine showed a right C4-C5 facet inflammatory arthropathy and a small epidural abscess that was cultured and initially treated with intravenous antibiotics...
September 2016: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589272/management-of-amelogenesis-imperfecta-a-15-year-case-history-of-two-siblings
#13
E Dursun, E Savard, C Vargas, L Loison-Robert, H Cherifi, F Bdeoui, M-M Landru
OBJECTIVE: Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a heterogenous genetic disorder that interferes with normal enamel formation in the absence of systemic disorders. The patients' main concerns are caries susceptibility, poor esthetics, and generalized sensitivity. There is a broad clinical spectrum, from discolorations to consequent enamel alterations. This case report describes the 15-year case study and the full-mouth rehabilitation of two siblings affected by a hypocalcified AI. Clinical Considerations: In these two patients, conservative care with stainless steel crowns and direct composite restorations was undertaken to restore function and esthetics and to reduce sensitivities in primary and mixed dentitions...
September 2, 2016: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579129/osteopetrosis-in-pregnancy-a-rare-case-report
#14
Michaela Peer, Keelin O'Donoghue
Osteopetrosis is a genetic syndrome characterized by the failure of osteoclasts to resorb bone. This leads to skeletal fragility despite increased bone mass, with fractures, dental abscesses, osteoarthritis and scoliosis being the most common complications. There are few reports of patients with type II osteopetrosis undergoing pregnancy and delivery. This case outlines the management of pregnancy and a successful delivery in a woman with this rare condition.
March 2012: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555916/a-case-of-pituitary-abscess-presenting-without-a-source-of-infection-or-prior-pituitary-pathology
#15
Derick Adams, Philip A Kern
UNLABELLED: Pituitary abscess is a relatively uncommon cause of pituitary hormone deficiencies and/or a suprasellar mass. Risk factors for pituitary abscess include prior surgery, irradiation and/or pathology of the suprasellar region as well as underlying infections. We present the case of a 22-year-old female presenting with a spontaneous pituitary abscess in the absence of risk factors described previously. Her initial presentation included headache, bitemporal hemianopia, polyuria, polydipsia and amenorrhoea...
2016: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522243/-temporomandibular-joint-septic-arthritis-with-secondary-condylar-resorption
#16
M Constant, R Nicot, J-M Maes, G Raoul, J Ferri
INTRODUCTION: Septic arthritis are serious infections rarely observed for the temporomandibular joint. They are mainly hematogenous or transmitted by contiguity. OBSERVATION: Our patient presents the case of an infection of the temporomandibular joint by maxillary sinusitis of dental origin further complicated by cerebral abscess and empyema. Initial treatment consisted of an endonasal and intraoral drainage, intravenous empirical antibiotic therapy, a close clinicoradiological monitoring, and rehabilitation following a long-term active physiotherapy...
September 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497211/anatomy-and-disorders-of-the-oral-cavity-of-ferrets-and-other-exotic-companion-carnivores
#17
REVIEW
Cathy A Johnson-Delaney
Exotic companion carnivores such as ferrets, skunks, fennec foxes, coatimundis, raccoons, and kinkajous presented in clinical practice share similar dental anatomy, function, and diseases. The domestic ferret serves as the representative species for this group with its anatomy, diseases, and conditions described in detail. Dog and cat guidelines for veterinary and home care seem to be relevant and applicable, including dental endodontic procedures. Annual or biannual dental examinations and prophylaxis are recommended...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497208/anatomy-and-disorders-of-the-oral-cavity-of-guinea-pigs
#18
REVIEW
Loic Legendre
Acquired dental disease represents the most common oral disorder of guinea pigs. Most patients are presented with nonspecific clinical signs and symptoms, such as weight loss, reduced food intake, difficulty chewing and/or swallowing. The physical examination must be followed by standard radiography and/or computed tomography, and thorough inspection under general anesthesia. Several complications may follow, including periodontal disease, subluxation of the temporomandibular joint, periapical infection, and abscessation...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497207/surgical-treatment-of-facial-abscesses-and-facial-surgery-in-pet-rabbits
#19
REVIEW
Vittorio Capello
Odontogenic facial abscesses associated with periapical infections and osteomyelitis of the jaw represent an important part of the acquired and progressive dental disease syndrome in pet rabbits. Complications such as retromasseteric and retrobulbar abscesses, extensive osteomyelitis of the mandible, and empyemas of the skull are possible sequelae. Standard and advanced diagnostic imaging should be pursued to make a detailed and proper diagnosis, and plan the most effective surgical treatment. This article reviews the surgical anatomy, the pathophysiology, and the classification of abscesses and empyemas of the mandible, the maxilla, and the skull...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497205/diagnostic-imaging-of-dental-disease-in-pet-rabbits-and-rodents
#20
REVIEW
Vittorio Capello
Diagnostic imaging techniques are of paramount importance for dentistry and oral disorders of rabbits, rodents, and other exotic companion mammals. Aside from standard radiography, stomatoscopy is a complementary tool allowing a thorough and detailed inspection of the oral cavity. Computed tomography (CT) generates multiple 2-dimensional views and 3-dimensional reconstructions providing superior diagnostic accuracy also useful for prognosis and treatment of advanced dental disease and its related complications...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
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