keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dental abscess

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894386/oxidative-stress-in-patients-with-endodontic-pathologies
#1
Veiko Vengerfeldt, Reet Mändar, Mare Saag, Anneli Piir, Tiiu Kullisaar
BACKGROUND: Apical periodontitis (AP) is an inflammatory disease affecting periradicular tissues. It is a widespread condition but its etiopathogenetic mechanisms have not been completely elucidated and the current treatment options are not always successful. PURPOSE: To compare oxidative stress (OxS) levels in the saliva and the endodontium (root canal [RC] contents) in patients with different endodontic pathologies and in endodontically healthy subjects. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study group of this comparison study included 22 subjects with primary chronic apical periodontitis (pCAP), 26 with posttreatment or secondary chronic apical periodontitis (sCAP), eight with acute periapical abscess, 13 with irreversible pulpitis, and 17 healthy controls...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888395/dental-adaptations-of-bronze-age-harappans-occlusal-wear-crown-size-and-dental-pathology
#2
John R Lukacs
Systematic study of dental attributes yields insights regarding diet and subsistence that cannot be gained from the archaeological record alone. This analysis documents occlusal tooth wear, tooth crown dimensions and dental pathology of an expanded dental sample from Harappa (2550-2030cal BC; Pakistan). New floral and faunal evidence of subsistence indicates a mix of agriculture and pastoralism that can be integrated with evidence of dental attributes and disease to reveal the impact of Harappan diet on oral health...
September 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877343/transition-to-agriculture-in-south-eastern-arabia-insights-from-oral-conditions
#3
Olivia Munoz
OBJECTIVES: In Southeast (SE) Arabia, agriculture is supposed to expand around 3000 BC, but its tempo and its actual role in populations' subsistence is still debated by archaeologists. Here, we compare dental health conditions of 11 skeletal samples from coastal and inland sites, dated from the Late Neolithic (ca. 4500-3100 BC) to the Early Bronze Age (EBA), conventionally divided into Hafit (ca. 3100-2700 BC) and Umm an-Nar period (ca. 2700-2000 BC). The goal is to assess long-term trends in subsistence patterns and regional variability during the local transition to agriculture...
September 6, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875082/the-brazilian-version-of-the-20-item-rapid-estimate-of-adult-literacy-in-medicine-and-dentistry
#4
Agnes Fátima P Cruvinel, Daniela Alejandra C Méndez, Juliana G Oliveira, Eliézer Gutierres, Matheus Lotto, Maria Aparecida A M Machado, Thaís M Oliveira, Thiago Cruvinel
BACKGROUND: The misunderstanding of specific vocabulary may hamper the patient-health provider communication. The 20-item Rapid Estimate Adult Literacy in Medicine and Dentistry (REALMD-20) was constructed to screen patients by their ability in reading medical/dental terminologies in a simple and rapid way. This study aimed to perform the cross-cultural adaptation and validation of this instrument for its application in Brazilian dental patients. METHODS: The cross-cultural adaptation was performed through conceptual equivalence, verbatim translation, semantic, item and operational equivalence, and back-translation...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814183/diagnoses-and-treatment-of-dental-disorders-in-a-research-colony-of-macaca-fascicularis-a-case-series
#5
Philippe Roux, Muriel Brecheisen, Rafael de Carvalho, Alessandra Bergadano
During daily routine oral examinations in a research colony of nonhuman primates (NHPs, Macaca fascicularis), a variety of oral-dental lesions were identified. A dental care program was established based on these findings. Based on the presence of dental clinical signs and their severity, 31 animals were triaged to be examined and treated by a veterinarian. Clinical examination consisted of visual inspection using a periodontal probe/explorer and full or partial mouth dental radiographs. Treatment was performed during the same procedure...
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807049/oral-manifestations-dental-management-and-a-rare-homozygous-mutation-of-the-prdm12-gene-in-a-boy-with-hereditary-sensory-and-autonomic-neuropathy-type-viii-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Karim Elhennawy, Seif Reda, Christian Finke, Luitgard Graul-Neumann, Paul-Georg Jost-Brinkmann, Theodosia Bartzela
BACKGROUND: Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type VIII is a rare autosomal recessive inherited disorder. Chen et al. recently identified the causative gene and characterized biallelic mutations in the PR domain-containing protein 12 gene, which plays a role in the development of pain-sensing nerve cells. Our patient's family was included in Chen and colleagues' study. We performed a literature review of the PubMed library (January 1985 to December 2016) on hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type I to VIII genetic disorders and their orofacial manifestations...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762439/antibiotic-abuse-during-endodontic-treatment-in-private-dental-centers
#7
Mothanna K AlRahabi, Ziad A Abuong
We evaluated antibiotic prescription practices during root canal treatments among general dentists in private dental clinics in Al-Madinah Al Munawarah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A self-administered, questionnaire about antibiotic used during root canal treatment was distributed to 75 randomly selected general dental practitioners working in private dental clinics in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia, between March and April 2016. The questionnaires were collected one week later. To compare results of the collected data, Chi-square test was used...
August 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744872/antibiotic-prescription-for-endodontic-infections-a-survey-of-brazilian-endodontists
#8
M R Bolfoni, F G Pappen, T Pereira-Cenci, R C Jacinto
AIM: To investigate antibiotic prescribing habits reported by Brazilian endodontists in specific clinical situations. METHODOLOGY: Brazilian endodontists (n = 13 853) were invited to answer an online questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of two parts: the first part contained personal data such as age, gender, years of experience and location of endodontic practice; the second part included questions regarding their behaviour when prescribing antibiotics in dental practice...
July 26, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736616/maldi-tof-ms-contribution-to-the-diagnosis-of-campylobacter-rectus-multiple-skull-base-and-brain-abscesses
#9
D Martiny, N Dauby, D Konopnicki, S Kampouridis, P Jissendi Tchofo, M Horoi, L Vlaes, P Retore, M Hallin, O Vandenberg
Campylobacter rectus is rarely associated with invasive infection. Both the isolation and the identification requirements of C. rectus are fastidious, probably contributing to an underestimation of its burden. We report the case of a 66-year-old man who developed several skull base and intracerebral abscesses after dental intervention. Campylobacter rectus was isolated from the brain biopsy. Within 45 minutes of reading the bacterial plate, the strain was accurately identified by MALDI-TOF MS. This rapid identification avoided the extra costs and delays present with 16S rRNA gene sequencing and allowed for a rapid confirmation of the adequacy of the empirical antibiotic treatment...
September 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717302/frazier-metallic-suction-tube-an-adjunct-in-irrigation-of-deep-fascial-spaces
#10
Ram Prasad Yadav, Mehul Rajesh Jaisani, Pradeep Acharya, Arun Kumar Mahat
Once incision and drainage of fascial space abscess is performed, irrigation of deep spaces with saline and antibiotic solution should be done daily for effective elimination or reduction of infection. Various advocated aids for irrigation into deeper areas are: small pediatric nasogastric feeding tubes, French catheter, polyethylene irrigation tubes and scalp vein infusion set. All these aids have major inherent disadvantages like, they tend to kink inside the deep spaces limiting the reach of irrigating solution into deeper spaces, are not readily available in dental departments and have to be discarded after every use...
September 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693407/patterns-of-drugs-prescribed-for-dental-outpatients-in-nigeria-findings-and-implications
#11
Joseph O Fadare, Kazeem A Oshikoya, Obitade S Obimakinde, Abayomi O Sijuade, Jide M Afolayan, Adeyinka A Adeleke, Brian Godman, Damilola O Ojumu
OBJECTIVES: There are concerns with inappropriate prescribing of medicines among dentists especially antimicrobials. It is more concerning if this increases resistance rates. This study aimed to address this by assessing patterns of drugs prescribed for outpatients attending a hospital dental clinic in Nigeria. The findings will be used to plan future interventions, particularly around antimicrobial prescribing, where there are concerns. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Medical records of patients attending the dental clinic of a leading teaching hospital in Nigeria were evaluated...
July 11, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689702/influence-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-on-endodontic-retreatment-strategies-among-general-dental-practitioners-and-endodontists
#12
Gustavo Rodríguez, Shanon Patel, Fernando Durán-Sindreu, Miguel Roig, Francesc Abella
INTRODUCTION: Treatment options for endodontic failure include nonsurgical or surgical endodontic retreatment, intentional replantation, and extraction with or without replacement of the tooth. The aim of the present study was to determine the impact of cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) imaging on clinical decision making among general dental practitioners and endodontists after failed root canal treatment. A second objective was to assess the self-reported level of difficulty in making a treatment choice before and after viewing a preoperative CBCT scan...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668100/periodontal-emergencies-in-general-practice
#13
REVIEW
Reena Wadia, Mark Ide
Diagnosing and managing periodontal emergencies is a common part of general dental practice. This article summarises the presentation, aetiology and management of the key periodontal emergencies, including gingival abscess, periodontal abscess, peri-coronitis/peri-coronal abscess, perio-endo lesion/ abscess, necrotising gingivitis and periodontitis, acute herpetic gingivostomatitis, acute physical/chemical/thermal injury and subgingival root fracture.
May 1, 2017: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643162/dental-caries-a-disease-which-needs-attention
#14
Vijay Prakash Mathur, Jatinder Kaur Dhillon
Dental caries is one of the most prevalent disease (about 50%) in children across the globe. If not treated in time, it can affect not only the mastication function but also the speech, smile and psychosocial environment and the quality of life of the child and the family. The treatment of dental diseases is very expensive in all countries and prevention is very simple and effective. The caries in children below 6 y is called early childhood caries (ECC). It is most commonly caused by milk bottle or mother's feed during night...
June 23, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629401/odontogenic-orbital-cellulitis-associated-with-cavernous-sinus-thrombosis-and-pulmonary-embolism-a-case-report
#15
D Allegrini, S Reposi, E Nocerino, A Pece
BACKGROUND: This case illustrates the importance of prompt assessment and treatment of orbital cellulitis. In fact the ocular signs and symptoms may be associated with systemic complications which should be investigated and identified as soon as possible to avoid a poor prognosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 46-year-old white woman presented to our emergency room with proptosis, ophthalmoplegia, and conjunctival chemosis of her left eye. An ophthalmologist, having diagnosed orbital cellulitis in her left eye, suspected a cavernous sinus thrombosis...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621821/an-unusual-case-of-dental-infection-by-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-causing-a-brain-abscess-case-report
#16
R S Pereira, J P Bonardi, Acd Ferreira, G L Latini
A brain abscess may result when dental infection reaches the brain through contiguous anatomic cavities such as the maxillary sinus, the ethmoid sinus and the orbital cavity. It is an important complication and should be treated aggressively. Such treatment would include the excision of the etiological factor, drainage and adjuvant antibiotic therapy. The present case concerns a 23 year old woman who presented at the General Hospital of Nova Iguaçu with complaints of pain in the right side of the face and was diagnosed with acute sinusitis...
June 16, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574193/emergency-department-visits-for-dental-problems-not-associated-with-trauma-in-alberta-canada
#17
Rafael Figueiredo, Kerri Fournier, Liran Levin
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this report was to describe the frequency of emergency department (ED) visits for dental problems not associated with trauma (DPNAT) in Alberta, Canada, over a 5-year period. METHODS: In Alberta, ED visits for DPNAT between 1 January 2011 and 30 April 2016 were identified using the codes from the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision, Canada (ICD-10-CA). The codes for DPNAT range from K00 to K14, described as diseases of the oral cavity, salivary glands and jaws...
June 2, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527839/modulation-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-14-tissue-inhibitor-of-metalloproteinase-3-tissue-inhibitor-of-metalloproteinase-4-and-inducible-nitric-oxide-synthase-in-the-development-of-periapical-lesions
#18
Lorena Teodoro de Castro Cassanta, Virmondes Rodrigues, Jose Roberto Violatti-Filho, Benedito Alves Teixeira Neto, Vinícius Marques Tavares, Eduarda Castelo Branco Araujo Bernal, Danila Malheiros Souza, Marcelo Sivieri Araujo, Sanivia Aparecida de Lima Pereira, Denise Bertulucci Rocha Rodrigues
INTRODUCTION: Periapical cysts and granulomas are chronic lesions caused by an inflammatory immune response against microbial challenge in the root canal. Different cell types, cytokines, and molecules have been associated with periapical lesion formation and expansion. Therefore, because of the chronic inflammatory state of these lesions, the aim of this study was to evaluate the in situ expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-14 and -19, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-3 and -4, CD68, and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in periapical cysts and granulomas...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512554/a-case-report-on-dental-management-of-a-toddler-with-pachygyria
#19
Vignesh Ravindran, Vishnu Rekha, Sankar Annamalai, Parisa Norouzi-Baghkomeh, Ditto Sharmin
Children with special health care needs receive less oral care than the normal population, inspite of the high level of dental diseases among them. They are at an increased risk for oral diseases throughout their lifetime. This paper reports a case of a toddler with congenital unusual thick convolutions of the cortex resulting in a condition called pachygyria. Intra oral examination showed multiple abscesses with poor oral hygiene. As the patient was lacking cooperative ability, treatment of full mouth rehabilitation as needed...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507831/streptococcus%C3%A2-gordonii%C3%A2-empyema-a-case-report-and-review-of-empyema
#20
Amanda M Krantz, Felicia Ratnaraj, Manasa Velagapudi, Mridula Krishnan, Nagarjuna R Gujjula, Pamela A Foral, Laurel Preheim
Streptococcus gordonii (S. gordonii) is a pioneer oral bacteria that is recognized as an agent of bacterial endocarditis. However, an extensive review of the literature revealed no reported case of S. gordonii causing empyema. We present a case of a 65-year-old male who presented with respiratory distress. Physical examination revealed several dental caries with decreased breath sounds in the bibasilar regions. A computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest and abdomen demonstrated left-sided pleural effusion and a 4...
April 12, 2017: Curēus
keyword
keyword
116889
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"