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Dental abscess

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777536/periodontitis-and-dental-scaling-associated-with-pyogenic-liver-abscess-a-population-based-case-control-study
#1
Y-T Yeh, B-Y Wang, C-W Lin, S-F Yang, S-W Ho, H-W Yeh, J-Y Huang, Y-C Chang, C-B Yeh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between periodontitis, dental scaling (DS) and pyogenic liver abscesses (PLAs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A nationwide population-based case-control study was applied using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. We identified and enrolled 691 PLA patients, who were individually matched by age and sex to 2764 controls. RESULTS: Conditional logistic regression was applied to estimate adjusted odds ratios (aORs) in patients with exposure to periodontitis and DS before PLA...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753276/impaction-of-swallowed-dentures-in-the-sigmoid-colon-requiring-sigmoid-colectomy
#2
Michael Flanagan, Cillian Clancy, Micheal G O Riordain
INTRODUCTION: Foreign body (FB) ingestion results in perforation in 1% of cases and is associated with significant morbidity and rarely mortality. Clinical presentation is variable and can present a diagnostic challenge. We report our experience and management of a patient with a delayed presentation of a sigmoid colon foreign body as a result of ingestion of a dental plate. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 67 year old female attended the colorectal outpatient clinic following an incidental finding of a sigmoid mass on computed tomography (CT) abdomen...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747055/multiple-brain-abscess-after-professional-tooth-cleaning-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Massimo Viviano, Serena Cocca
Brain abscess (BA) is an encapsulated infection and can be the consequence of head and cranio-maxillo-facial surgery or trauma, or may be secondary to cavernous thrombophlebitis, but is most frequently due to hematogenous septic dissemination from an adjacent site of infection, such as the paranasal sinuses, middle ear or oral cavity. We report a rare and unfortunate case of multiple BA caused by dental procedures in a young man with undiagnosed patent foramen ovale (PFO). Simple routine dental procedures, such as tooth brushing and professional oral hygiene, can predispose to life-threatening conditions...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691837/oral-health-status-associated-with-sociodemographic-factors-of-nepalese-schoolchildren-a-population-based-study
#4
Saujanya Karki, Marja-Liisa Laitala, Manoj Humagain, Marjo Seppänen, Jari Päkkila, Vuokko Anttonen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the oral health of Nepalese schoolchildren relative to their sociodemographic characteristics. METHODS: This school-based, cross-sectional study was conducted among 5-6-, 12- and 15-year-old Nepalese children in 18 randomly selected districts of the 75 in Nepal. Clinical parameters were recorded according to the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. Results were presented as mean (SD) and proportions; the chi-square test, t-test and one way-ANOVA were also performed...
April 25, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691273/a-brain-populated-with-space-occupying-lesions-identifying-the-culprit
#5
Rawan A AlHarmi, Deyari Fryad Henari, Raafat Hammad Seroor Jadah, Haya Mohammed AlKhayyat
This is a case of an 8-year-old girl who was previously healthy and presented with unresponsiveness on a background of fever that resolved within 2 days of onset. History was significant for recurrent dental abscesses requiring drainage. Imaging revealed what was unexpected: a brain overloaded with multiple space-occupying lesions and diffuse oedema. The patient was started on mannitol and dexamethasone in addition to antimicrobials. Her condition improved dramatically within few days. Multiple aspiration procedures were performed later and she recovered fully with minor deficits...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672992/life-in-the-fast-lane-settled-pastoralism-in-the-central-eurasian-steppe-during-the-middle-bronze-age
#6
Margaret A Judd, Jessica L Walker, Alicia Ventresca Miller, Dmitry Razhev, Andrey V Epimakhov, Bryan K Hanks
OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that the purported unstable climate in the South Urals region during the Middle Bronze Age (MBA) resulted in health instability and social stress as evidenced by skeletal response. METHODS: The skeletal sample (n = 99) derived from Kamennyi Ambar 5 (KA-5), a MBA kurgan cemetery (2040-1730 cal. BCE, 2 sigma) associated with the Sintashta culture. Skeletal stress indicators assessed included cribra orbitalia, porotic hyperostosis, dental enamel hypoplasia, and tibia periosteal new bone growth...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649431/diagnosis-and-management-of-children-with-mycobacterium-abscessus-infections-in-the-head-and-neck
#7
Justine Moe, Roy Rajan, Shelley Caltharp, Shelly Abramowicz
PURPOSE: Controversy exists regarding the most appropriate treatment strategy for children with nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) cervical lymphadenitis. Mycobacterium abscessus (MAB) is an uncommon cause of NTM cervical lymphadenitis. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate diagnosis, management, and treatment outcomes in children with MAB-associated cervical lymphadenitis resulting from a pulpotomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of children with NTM lymphadenitis of the head and neck caused by MAB treated at Children's Healthcare of Atlanta hospitals (Atlanta, GA)...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607833/assessing-clinical-sequelae-of-untreated-caries-among-5-12-and-15-year-old-school-children-in-ambala-district-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Jasneet Sudan, Girish Malleshappa Sogi, L Koretigire Veeresha
Background: Dental caries is a public health problem globally, especially in children. Thus, it is important to quantify its clinical consequences in terms of its prevalence and severity. Aim: This study aims to assess the prevalence and severity of oral conditions linked with untreated dental caries using pulp involvement, ulceration, fistula, abscess (pufa/PUFA) index in 5-, 12-, and 15-year-old school children in Ambala district. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 433 school children of 5-, 12-, and 15-year-old age group in Ambala district...
January 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599596/diode-laser-and-periodontal-regeneration-assisted-management-of-implant-complications-in-anterior-maxilla
#9
Sanjeev Kumar Salaria, Isha Sharma, Navjot Kaur Brar, Satwant Kaur
Dental implant is being considered successful if the patient is pleased with both of its functional and esthetic outcome. As implant complications (such as peri-implantitis, inappropriate implant position, wrong angulation, and implant location too close to anatomical structures) have been frequently encountered in dental practice, therefore, thorough knowledge to manage such complications is the key prerequisite to prevent the failure of implant. The present case report discussed the etiology, diagnosis of early peri-implantitis, and periodontal abscess with their successful management through periodontal regeneration and diode laser-assisted therapy...
January 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557405/brain-abscess-following-dental-implant-placement-via-crestal-sinus-lift-a-case-report
#10
Yifat Manor, Adi A Garfunkel
PURPOSE: To describe a rare case of odontogenic brain abscess. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A healthy, 35-year-old male had two dental implants placed in a simultaneously augmented maxillary sinus. One implant failed and the patient developed a maxillary sinusitis that failed to improve following antibiotic treatment at home. The neglected sinus infection led to formation of a brain abscess. The patient was hospitalised only when he had pan sinusitis with neurological signs...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545984/streptococcus-intermedius-brain-and-diverticular-abscesses-after-dental-manipulation-a-case-report
#11
Hassan Al Moussawi, Michael Krzyzak, Zainab Awada, Jean M Chalhoub
A brain abscess is defined as a focal intracerebral infection consisting of an encapsulated collection of pus, which can be a life-threatening complication of infections, trauma, or surgery. While immunocompromised patients can have a wide array of causative organisms, bacterial species represent the most common etiology in immunocompetent individuals. The incidence of brain abscesses ranges from 0.4 to 0.9 per 100,000, with a high predisposition among immunocompromised patients and in those with disruption of the blood-brain barrier...
January 13, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541573/spontaneous-resolution-of-a-confounding-insular-lesion
#12
Ali S Haider, Christopher S Graffeo, Avital Perry, Lucas P Carlstrom, Terry C Burns
Insular gliomas were previously considered inoperable lesions and were typically treated via biopsy, chemotherapy and/or radiation, if not observation alone. Stereotactic biopsies of low grade insular gliomas can underestimate tumor grade or fail to establish malignancy. Moreover, the survival advantages of maximal safe resection for insular lesions are increasingly being recognized. As such, early surgical resection is increasingly being performed. As with most lesions, a differential diagnosis exists for apparent insular gliomas, with definitive diagnosis generally obtained upon resection...
January 11, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535969/infratemporal-fossa-abscess-of-dental-origin-a-rare-severe-and-misdiagnosed-infection
#13
Min-Young Park, Hoon-Soo Kim, Hyun-Chang Ko, Moon-Bum Kim, Byung-Soo Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506873/retrobulbar-abscess-rare-complication-after-repair-of-an-oroantral-communication
#14
H Mahmood, H Flora, C Murphy, D Sutton
We present the case of a retrobulbar abscess that developed secondary to the repair of an oroantral communication. Orbital abscesses have been described in relation to odontogenic infections, facial injury, sinusitis, and after dental extractions but, to the best of our knowledge, none has been reported in these circumstances. Retrobulbar abscess is a rare complication, but early clinical and radiological diagnosis, and urgent decompression are vital because it comes with considerable risk of irreversible visual impairment...
April 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483293/enterococcus-faecalis-demonstrates-pathogenicity-through-increased-attachment-in-an-ex-vivo-polymicrobial-pulpal-infection
#15
Wayne Nishio Ayre, Genevieve Melling, Camille Cuveillier, Madhan Natarajan, Jessica L Roberts, Lucy L Marsh, Christopher D Lynch, Jean-Yves Maillard, Stephen P Denyer, Alastair J Sloan
This study investigated the host response to a polymicrobial pulpal infection consisting of Streptococcus anginosus and Enterococcus faecalis , bacteria commonly implicated in dental abscesses and endodontic failure, using a validated ex vivo rat tooth model. Tooth slices were inoculated with planktonic cultures of S. anginosus or E. faecalis alone or in coculture at S. anginosus / E. faecalis ratios of 50:50 and 90:10. Attachment was semiquantified by measuring the area covered by fluorescently labeled bacteria...
May 2018: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456938/deep-neck-space-infections-a-study-in-diabetic-population-in-a-tertiary-care-centre
#16
Kalpana Sharma, Devjani Das, Manish Joshi, Dipjyoti Barman, A J Sarma
This study is intended to analyze the clinical profile and outcomes of deep neck space infection in diabetic patients in our tertiary care centre. A prospective study of 1 year duration from 30th September 2015 to 30th September 2016 at department of Otorhinolaryngology, Gauhati Medical College and Hospital, Guwahati. A total of 45 diabetic patients who presented with DNSI are included in this study. Their demographic profile, etiology, bacteriology, treatment, duration of hospital stay, complications and outcomes have been analyzed...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425755/streptococcus-anginosus-dental-implant-related-osteomyelitis-of-the-jaws-an-insidious-and-calamitous-entity
#17
Sybille Chatelain, Tommaso Lombardi, Paolo Scolozzi
PURPOSE: We analyzed the data from a series of patients with dental implant-related suppurative osteomyelitis of the jaws (DIOMJ) due to Streptococcus anginosus. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical records of all patients seen for osteomyelitis of the jaws from 2011 to 2016 were reviewed. The primary outcome variable was Streptococcus anginosus DIOMJ. Other variables included age, gender, smoking habits, associated comorbidities, dental implant localization, type of osteomyelitis, delay between dental implant placement and DIOMJ, microbiologic examination and antibiogram, antibiotherapy, type of surgery, and final outcome...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366765/active-principles-of-tetradenia-riparia-iv-anthelmintic-activity-of-8-14-15-sandaracopimaradiene-7%C3%AE-18-diol
#18
Luc Van Puyvelde, Maoxuan Liu, Cedrick Veryser, Wim M De Borggraeve, Joseph Mungarulire, Marie Jeanne Mukazayire, Walter Luyten
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Tetradenia (T.) riparia (Hochst.) Codd (Lamiaceae), formerly known as Iboza riparia (Hochst.) N.E.Br., is one of the most frequently used medicinal plants in traditional Rwandese medicine. It was used as a remedy against a wide range of diseases including malaria, angina, yaws, dental abscesses, headache, worm infections and several kinds of fevers and aches. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aims to identify the compounds active against helminths from Tetradenia riparia...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319894/antibiotic-prescribing-for-endodontic-therapies-a-comparative-survey-between-general-dental-practitioners-and-final-year-bachelor-of-dental-surgery-students-in-cardiff-uk
#19
A A Al Masan, P M H Dummer, D J J Farnell, M E Vianna
AIM: To evaluate the views of final year dental surgery students (BDS; G1) at Cardiff University and general dental practitioners (GDPs; G2) within the geographic area of Cardiff, Wales, on antibiotic prescribing for endodontic conditions, and investigate the potential differences between the two groups. METHODS: A cross-sectional online questionnaire-based survey of 12 qualitative and quantitative questions was distributed to 76 final year BDS Cardiff University students and 55 dental practices within Cardiff, UK...
January 10, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286225/comparison-of-salivary-antioxidants-in-children-with-primary-tooth-abscesses-before-and-after-treatment-in-comparison-with-healthy-subjects
#20
Asghar Zarban, Sediqe Ebrahimipour, Gholam-Reza Sharifzadeh, Anousheh Rashed-Mohassel, Mina Barkooi
Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of children with primary molar abscesses before and two weeks after extraction of the infected tooth. Materials and methods: Forty one children aged between 3-6 years participatesd in this cross sectional study. The antioxidant activity of saliva was investigated in 20 patients with tooth abscesses affecting one of the first primary molars before and after tooth extraction in the case group and once in 21 children with no caries or dental problems in the control group...
December 29, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
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