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Dental abscess

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736616/maldi-tof-ms-contribution-to-the-diagnosis-of-campylobacter-rectus-multiple-skull-base-and-brain-abscesses
#1
D Martiny, N Dauby, D Konopnicki, S Kampouridis, P Jissendi Tchofo, M Horoi, L Vlaes, P Retore, M Hallin, O Vandenberg
Campylobacter rectus is rarely associated with invasive infection. Both the isolation and the identification requirements of C. rectus are fastidious, probably contributing to an underestimation of its burden. We report the case of a 66-year-old man who developed several skull base and intracerebral abscesses after dental intervention. Campylobacter rectus was isolated from the brain biopsy. Within 45 minutes of reading the bacterial plate, the strain was accurately identified by MALDI-TOF MS. This rapid identification avoided the extra costs and delays present with 16S rRNA gene sequencing and allowed for a rapid confirmation of the adequacy of the empirical antibiotic treatment...
September 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717302/frazier-metallic-suction-tube-an-adjunct-in-irrigation-of-deep-fascial-spaces
#2
Ram Prasad Yadav, Mehul Rajesh Jaisani, Pradeep Acharya, Arun Kumar Mahat
Once incision and drainage of fascial space abscess is performed, irrigation of deep spaces with saline and antibiotic solution should be done daily for effective elimination or reduction of infection. Various advocated aids for irrigation into deeper areas are: small pediatric nasogastric feeding tubes, French catheter, polyethylene irrigation tubes and scalp vein infusion set. All these aids have major inherent disadvantages like, they tend to kink inside the deep spaces limiting the reach of irrigating solution into deeper spaces, are not readily available in dental departments and have to be discarded after every use...
September 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693407/patterns-of-drugs-prescribed-for-dental-outpatients-in-nigeria-findings-and-implications
#3
Joseph O Fadare, Kazeem A Oshikoya, Obitade S Obimakinde, Abayomi O Sijuade, Jide M Afolayan, Adeyinka A Adeleke, Brian Godman, Damilola O Ojumu
OBJECTIVES: There are concerns with inappropriate prescribing of medicines among dentists especially antimicrobials. It is more concerning if this increases resistance rates. This study aimed to address this by assessing patterns of drugs prescribed for outpatients attending a hospital dental clinic in Nigeria. The findings will be used to plan future interventions, particularly around antimicrobial prescribing, where there are concerns. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Medical records of patients attending the dental clinic of a leading teaching hospital in Nigeria were evaluated...
July 11, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689702/influence-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-on-endodontic-retreatment-strategies-among-general-dental-practitioners-and-endodontists
#4
Gustavo Rodríguez, Shanon Patel, Fernando Durán-Sindreu, Miguel Roig, Francesc Abella
INTRODUCTION: Treatment options for endodontic failure include nonsurgical or surgical endodontic retreatment, intentional replantation, and extraction with or without replacement of the tooth. The aim of the present study was to determine the impact of cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) imaging on clinical decision making among general dental practitioners and endodontists after failed root canal treatment. A second objective was to assess the self-reported level of difficulty in making a treatment choice before and after viewing a preoperative CBCT scan...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668100/periodontal-emergencies-in-general-practice
#5
Reena Wadia, Mark Ide
Diagnosing and managing periodontal emergencies is a common part of general dental practice. This article summarises the presentation, aetiology and management of the key periodontal emergencies, including gingival abscess, periodontal abscess, peri-coronitis/peri-coronal abscess, perio-endo lesion/ abscess, necrotising gingivitis and periodontitis, acute herpetic gingivostomatitis, acute physical/chemical/thermal injury and subgingival root fracture.
May 1, 2017: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643162/dental-caries-a-disease-which-needs-attention
#6
Vijay Prakash Mathur, Jatinder Kaur Dhillon
Dental caries is one of the most prevalent disease (about 50%) in children across the globe. If not treated in time, it can affect not only the mastication function but also the speech, smile and psychosocial environment and the quality of life of the child and the family. The treatment of dental diseases is very expensive in all countries and prevention is very simple and effective. The caries in children below 6 y is called early childhood caries (ECC). It is most commonly caused by milk bottle or mother's feed during night...
June 23, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629401/odontogenic-orbital-cellulitis-associated-with-cavernous-sinus-thrombosis-and-pulmonary-embolism-a-case-report
#7
D Allegrini, S Reposi, E Nocerino, A Pece
BACKGROUND: This case illustrates the importance of prompt assessment and treatment of orbital cellulitis. In fact the ocular signs and symptoms may be associated with systemic complications which should be investigated and identified as soon as possible to avoid a poor prognosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 46-year-old white woman presented to our emergency room with proptosis, ophthalmoplegia, and conjunctival chemosis of her left eye. An ophthalmologist, having diagnosed orbital cellulitis in her left eye, suspected a cavernous sinus thrombosis...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621821/an-unusual-case-of-dental-infection-by-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-causing-a-brain-abscess-case-report
#8
Rodrigo Dos Santos Pereira, João Paulo Bonardi, Arthur da Conceição Dias Ferreira, Gustavo Lima Latini
A brain abscess may result when dental infection reaches the brain through contiguous anatomic cavities such as the maxillary sinus, the ethmoid sinus and the orbital cavity. It is an important complication and should be treated aggressively. Such treatment would include the excision of the etiological factor, drainage and adjuvant antibiotic therapy. The present case concerns a 23-year-old woman who presented at the General Hospital of Nova Iguaçu with complaints of pain in the right side of the face and was diagnosed with acute sinusitis...
June 16, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574193/emergency-department-visits-for-dental-problems-not-associated-with-trauma-in-alberta-canada
#9
Rafael Figueiredo, Kerri Fournier, Liran Levin
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this report was to describe the frequency of emergency department (ED) visits for dental problems not associated with trauma (DPNAT) in Alberta, Canada, over a 5-year period. METHODS: In Alberta, ED visits for DPNAT between 1 January 2011 and 30 April 2016 were identified using the codes from the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision, Canada (ICD-10-CA). The codes for DPNAT range from K00 to K14, described as diseases of the oral cavity, salivary glands and jaws...
June 2, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527839/modulation-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-14-tissue-inhibitor-of-metalloproteinase-3-tissue-inhibitor-of-metalloproteinase-4-and-inducible-nitric-oxide-synthase-in-the-development-of-periapical-lesions
#10
Lorena Teodoro de Castro Cassanta, Virmondes Rodrigues, Jose Roberto Violatti-Filho, Benedito Alves Teixeira Neto, Vinícius Marques Tavares, Eduarda Castelo Branco Araujo Bernal, Danila Malheiros Souza, Marcelo Sivieri Araujo, Sanivia Aparecida de Lima Pereira, Denise Bertulucci Rocha Rodrigues
INTRODUCTION: Periapical cysts and granulomas are chronic lesions caused by an inflammatory immune response against microbial challenge in the root canal. Different cell types, cytokines, and molecules have been associated with periapical lesion formation and expansion. Therefore, because of the chronic inflammatory state of these lesions, the aim of this study was to evaluate the in situ expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-14 and -19, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-3 and -4, CD68, and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in periapical cysts and granulomas...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512554/a-case-report-on-dental-management-of-a-toddler-with-pachygyria
#11
Vignesh Ravindran, Vishnu Rekha, Sankar Annamalai, Parisa Norouzi-Baghkomeh, Ditto Sharmin
Children with special health care needs receive less oral care than the normal population, inspite of the high level of dental diseases among them. They are at an increased risk for oral diseases throughout their lifetime. This paper reports a case of a toddler with congenital unusual thick convolutions of the cortex resulting in a condition called pachygyria. Intra oral examination showed multiple abscesses with poor oral hygiene. As the patient was lacking cooperative ability, treatment of full mouth rehabilitation as needed...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507831/streptococcus%C3%A2-gordonii%C3%A2-empyema-a-case-report-and-review-of-empyema
#12
Amanda M Krantz, Felicia Ratnaraj, Manasa Velagapudi, Mridula Krishnan, Nagarjuna R Gujjula, Pamela A Foral, Laurel Preheim
Streptococcus gordonii (S. gordonii) is a pioneer oral bacteria that is recognized as an agent of bacterial endocarditis. However, an extensive review of the literature revealed no reported case of S. gordonii causing empyema. We present a case of a 65-year-old male who presented with respiratory distress. Physical examination revealed several dental caries with decreased breath sounds in the bibasilar regions. A computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest and abdomen demonstrated left-sided pleural effusion and a 4...
April 12, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503481/dental-management-of-patients-with-x-linked-hypophosphatemia
#13
Bin-Na Lee, Hye-Yoon Jung, Hoon-Sang Chang, Yun-Chan Hwang, Won-Mann Oh
X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is a hereditary metabolic disease caused by the loss of phosphate through the renal tubules into the urine, and an associated decrease in serum calcium and potassium phosphate. Its dental features include spontaneous dental abscesses that occur in the absence of trauma or dental caries. The aim of this case report was to describe the dental problems of XLH patients and to evaluate limitations in their treatment. A 14 year old male and a 38 year old female with XLH were referred to the Department of Conservative Dentistry for endodontic treatment...
May 2017: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468138/use-of-resorbable-fixation-system-in-pediatric-facial-fractures
#14
Frankie K Wong, Saleigh Adams, Donald A Hudson, Wayne Ozaki
INTRODUCTION: Resorbable fixation system (RFS) is an alternative to titanium in open reduction and internal fixation of pediatric facial fractures. METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed all medical records in a major metropolitan pediatric hospital in Cape Town, South Africa from September 2010 through May 2014. Inclusion criteria were children under the age of 13 with facial fractures who have undergone open reduction and internal fixation using RFS. Intraoperative and postoperative complications were reviewed...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462430/rational-use-of-medicine-in-dentistry-do-dentists-prescribe-antibiotics-in-appropriate-indications
#15
Cenker Z Koyuncuoglu, Mehtap Aydin, N Ipek Kirmizi, Volkan Aydin, Mesil Aksoy, Fatma Isli, Ahmet Akici
PURPOSE: There are concerns regarding appropriate use of antibiotics in dentistry practice. Data on dental antibiotic prescribing patterns by dentists is relatively limited. This nationwide study aimed to examine dentists' antibiotic prescriptions in a diagnosis-based manner in Turkey. METHODS: This retrospective study on utilization of systemic antibiotics for dental problems was based on the national health data of the dentists obtained from Prescription Information System between January 2013 and August 2015...
August 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455457/odontogenic-abscess-mimicking-acute-dacryocystitis
#16
Ahmad M Mansour, Wajiha Kheir-Jurdi, Usamah El Hadi, Ghassan Awar
A middle-aged poorly controlled diabetic man developed left-sided orbital and facial swelling several days after extraction of a left upper wisdom tooth. The clinical impression was that of acute dacryocystitis. Opening the skin above the lacrimal sac failed to reveal an inflamed sac establishing the diagnosis of deep facial cellulitis. Complete resolution occurred few weeks after systemic antibiotics and repeated dental drainage of the tooth abscess.
April 28, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430880/cerebral-abscess-associated-with-odontogenic-bacteremias-hypoxemia-and-iron-loading-in-immunocompetent-patients-with-right-to-left-shunting-through-pulmonary-arteriovenous-malformations
#17
E J Boother, S Brownlow, H C Tighe, K B Bamford, J E Jackson, C L Shovlin
Background: Cerebral abscess is a recognised complication of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) that allow systemic venous blood to bypass the pulmonary capillary bed through anatomic right-to-left shunts. Broader implications and mechanisms remain poorly explored. Methods: Between June 2005 and December 2016, at a single institution, 445 consecutive adult patients with CT-scan confirmed PAVMs (including 403 (90.5%) with hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia) were recruited to a prospective series...
April 19, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428574/the-oral-health-of-individuals-with-dental-phobia-a-multivariate-analysis-of-the-adult-dental-health-survey-2009
#18
E Heidari, M Andiappan, A Banerjee, J T Newton
Background Adults with dental phobia have been reported to have poorer oral health and oral health-related quality of life. The aim of this study is to explore the social and demographic correlates of oral health and oral health-related quality of life (OH-QoL) of people with dental phobia compared to the non-phobic population in the United Kingdom using the data from Adult Dental Health Survey (ADHS, 2009).Method Secondary analysis of data from the ADHS, 2009. A series of logistic regression analyses was performed with outcome measures of: presence of decayed teeth; presence of missing teeth; pulp exposure ulceration fistula abscess (PUFA) score; periodontal health indices (plaque, bleeding and loss of attachments); and quality of life (oral health impact profile [OHIP14] and oral impacts on daily performance [OIDP])...
April 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426126/actinomyces-in-pregnancy-a-review-of-the-literature
#19
Sarah M Estrada, Everett F Magann, Peter G Napolitano
Importance: Actinomyces is commonly found in many areas of the body where it derives a benefit without harming the host. When it does infect the host during pregnancy, is that infection a threat to the obstetric patient and does that infection cause adverse pregnancy outcomes? Objective: The aim of this study was to review what is known about Actinomyces infections and the impact of an Actinomyces infection on pregnancy outcomes. Evidence Acquisition: A PubMed search was undertaken with the search years unlimited to April 1, 2016, and restricted to articles in English...
April 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409118/isolated-streptococcus-intermedius-pulmonary-nodules
#20
Stephen Catalya, Bushra Komal, Sunil Tulpule, Nazar Raoof, Shuvendu Sen
Streptococcus intermedius, a member of the Streptococcal anginosus group of alpha-hemolytic streptococci, remains a notable infectious agent causing necrotizing pneumonia and abscesses. We report a case of a young male with pulmonary nodules found to have Streptococcus intermedius and no other underlying hepatic or dental history who was treated with ceftriaxone and avoided surgical intervention. A review of the literature reveals cases that are typically treated with a combined surgical and medical approach...
2017: IDCases
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