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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629401/odontogenic-orbital-cellulitis-associated-with-cavernous-sinus-thrombosis-and-pulmonary-embolism-a-case-report
#1
D Allegrini, S Reposi, E Nocerino, A Pece
BACKGROUND: This case illustrates the importance of prompt assessment and treatment of orbital cellulitis. In fact the ocular signs and symptoms may be associated with systemic complications which should be investigated and identified as soon as possible to avoid a poor prognosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 46-year-old white woman presented to our emergency room with proptosis, ophthalmoplegia, and conjunctival chemosis of her left eye. An ophthalmologist, having diagnosed orbital cellulitis in her left eye, suspected a cavernous sinus thrombosis...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621821/an-unusual-case-of-dental-infection-by-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-causing-a-brain-abscess-case-report
#2
Rodrigo Dos Santos Pereira, João Paulo Bonardi, Arthur da Conceição Dias Ferreira, Gustavo Lima Latini
A brain abscess may result when dental infection reaches the brain through contiguous anatomic cavities such as the maxillary sinus, the ethmoid sinus and the orbital cavity. It is an important complication and should be treated aggressively. Such treatment would include the excision of the etiological factor, drainage and adjuvant antibiotic therapy. The present case concerns a 23-year-old woman who presented at the General Hospital of Nova Iguaçu with complaints of pain in the right side of the face and was diagnosed with acute sinusitis...
June 16, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574193/emergency-department-visits-for-dental-problems-not-associated-with-trauma-in-alberta-canada
#3
Rafael Figueiredo, Kerri Fournier, Liran Levin
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this report was to describe the frequency of emergency department (ED) visits for dental problems not associated with trauma (DPNAT) in Alberta, Canada, over a 5-year period. METHODS: In Alberta, ED visits for DPNAT between 1 January 2011 and 30 April 2016 were identified using the codes from the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision, Canada (ICD-10-CA). The codes for DPNAT range from K00 to K14, described as diseases of the oral cavity, salivary glands and jaws...
June 2, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527839/modulation-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-14-tissue-inhibitor-of-metalloproteinase-3-tissue-inhibitor-of-metalloproteinase-4-and-inducible-nitric-oxide-synthase-in-the-development-of-periapical-lesions
#4
Lorena Teodoro de Castro Cassanta, Virmondes Rodrigues, Jose Roberto Violatti-Filho, Benedito Alves Teixeira Neto, Vinícius Marques Tavares, Eduarda Castelo Branco Araujo Bernal, Danila Malheiros Souza, Marcelo Sivieri Araujo, Sanivia Aparecida de Lima Pereira, Denise Bertulucci Rocha Rodrigues
INTRODUCTION: Periapical cysts and granulomas are chronic lesions caused by an inflammatory immune response against microbial challenge in the root canal. Different cell types, cytokines, and molecules have been associated with periapical lesion formation and expansion. Therefore, because of the chronic inflammatory state of these lesions, the aim of this study was to evaluate the in situ expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-14 and -19, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-3 and -4, CD68, and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in periapical cysts and granulomas...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512554/a-case-report-on-dental-management-of-a-toddler-with-pachygyria
#5
Vignesh Ravindran, Vishnu Rekha, Sankar Annamalai, Parisa Norouzi-Baghkomeh, Ditto Sharmin
Children with special health care needs receive less oral care than the normal population, inspite of the high level of dental diseases among them. They are at an increased risk for oral diseases throughout their lifetime. This paper reports a case of a toddler with congenital unusual thick convolutions of the cortex resulting in a condition called pachygyria. Intra oral examination showed multiple abscesses with poor oral hygiene. As the patient was lacking cooperative ability, treatment of full mouth rehabilitation as needed...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507831/streptococcus%C3%A2-gordonii%C3%A2-empyema-a-case-report-and-review-of-empyema
#6
Amanda M Krantz, Felicia Ratnaraj, Manasa Velagapudi, Mridula Krishnan, Nagarjuna R Gujjula, Pamela A Foral, Laurel Preheim
Streptococcus gordonii (S. gordonii) is a pioneer oral bacteria that is recognized as an agent of bacterial endocarditis. However, an extensive review of the literature revealed no reported case of S. gordonii causing empyema. We present a case of a 65-year-old male who presented with respiratory distress. Physical examination revealed several dental caries with decreased breath sounds in the bibasilar regions. A computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest and abdomen demonstrated left-sided pleural effusion and a 4...
April 12, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503481/dental-management-of-patients-with-x-linked-hypophosphatemia
#7
Bin-Na Lee, Hye-Yoon Jung, Hoon-Sang Chang, Yun-Chan Hwang, Won-Mann Oh
X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is a hereditary metabolic disease caused by the loss of phosphate through the renal tubules into the urine, and an associated decrease in serum calcium and potassium phosphate. Its dental features include spontaneous dental abscesses that occur in the absence of trauma or dental caries. The aim of this case report was to describe the dental problems of XLH patients and to evaluate limitations in their treatment. A 14 year old male and a 38 year old female with XLH were referred to the Department of Conservative Dentistry for endodontic treatment...
May 2017: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468138/use-of-resorbable-fixation-system-in-pediatric-facial-fractures
#8
Frankie K Wong, Saleigh Adams, Donald A Hudson, Wayne Ozaki
INTRODUCTION: Resorbable fixation system (RFS) is an alternative to titanium in open reduction and internal fixation of pediatric facial fractures. METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed all medical records in a major metropolitan pediatric hospital in Cape Town, South Africa from September 2010 through May 2014. Inclusion criteria were children under the age of 13 with facial fractures who have undergone open reduction and internal fixation using RFS. Intraoperative and postoperative complications were reviewed...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462430/rational-use-of-medicine-in-dentistry-do-dentists-prescribe-antibiotics-in-appropriate-indications
#9
Cenker Z Koyuncuoglu, Mehtap Aydin, N Ipek Kirmizi, Volkan Aydin, Mesil Aksoy, Fatma Isli, Ahmet Akici
PURPOSE: There are concerns regarding appropriate use of antibiotics in dentistry practice. Data on dental antibiotic prescribing patterns by dentists is relatively limited. This nationwide study aimed to examine dentists' antibiotic prescriptions in a diagnosis-based manner in Turkey. METHODS: This retrospective study on utilization of systemic antibiotics for dental problems was based on the national health data of the dentists obtained from Prescription Information System between January 2013 and August 2015...
May 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455457/odontogenic-abscess-mimicking-acute-dacryocystitis
#10
Ahmad M Mansour, Wajiha Kheir-Jurdi, Usamah El Hadi, Ghassan Awar
A middle-aged poorly controlled diabetic man developed left-sided orbital and facial swelling several days after extraction of a left upper wisdom tooth. The clinical impression was that of acute dacryocystitis. Opening the skin above the lacrimal sac failed to reveal an inflamed sac establishing the diagnosis of deep facial cellulitis. Complete resolution occurred few weeks after systemic antibiotics and repeated dental drainage of the tooth abscess.
April 28, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430880/cerebral-abscess-associated-with-odontogenic-bacteremias-hypoxemia-and-iron-loading-in-immunocompetent-patients-with-right-to-left-shunting-through-pulmonary-arteriovenous-malformations
#11
E J Boother, S Brownlow, H C Tighe, K B Bamford, J E Jackson, C L Shovlin
Background: Cerebral abscess is a recognised complication of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) that allow systemic venous blood to bypass the pulmonary capillary bed through anatomic right-to-left shunts. Broader implications and mechanisms remain poorly explored. Methods: Between June 2005 and December 2016, at a single institution, 445 consecutive adult patients with CT-scan confirmed PAVMs (including 403 (90.5%) with hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia) were recruited to a prospective series...
April 19, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428574/the-oral-health-of-individuals-with-dental-phobia-a-multivariate-analysis-of-the-adult-dental-health-survey-2009
#12
E Heidari, M Andiappan, A Banerjee, J T Newton
Background Adults with dental phobia have been reported to have poorer oral health and oral health-related quality of life. The aim of this study is to explore the social and demographic correlates of oral health and oral health-related quality of life (OH-QoL) of people with dental phobia compared to the non-phobic population in the United Kingdom using the data from Adult Dental Health Survey (ADHS, 2009).Method Secondary analysis of data from the ADHS, 2009. A series of logistic regression analyses was performed with outcome measures of: presence of decayed teeth; presence of missing teeth; pulp exposure ulceration fistula abscess (PUFA) score; periodontal health indices (plaque, bleeding and loss of attachments); and quality of life (oral health impact profile [OHIP14] and oral impacts on daily performance [OIDP])...
April 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426126/actinomyces-in-pregnancy-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
Sarah M Estrada, Everett F Magann, Peter G Napolitano
Importance: Actinomyces is commonly found in many areas of the body where it derives a benefit without harming the host. When it does infect the host during pregnancy, is that infection a threat to the obstetric patient and does that infection cause adverse pregnancy outcomes? Objective: The aim of this study was to review what is known about Actinomyces infections and the impact of an Actinomyces infection on pregnancy outcomes. Evidence Acquisition: A PubMed search was undertaken with the search years unlimited to April 1, 2016, and restricted to articles in English...
April 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409118/isolated-streptococcus-intermedius-pulmonary-nodules
#14
Stephen Catalya, Bushra Komal, Sunil Tulpule, Nazar Raoof, Shuvendu Sen
Streptococcus intermedius, a member of the Streptococcal anginosus group of alpha-hemolytic streptococci, remains a notable infectious agent causing necrotizing pneumonia and abscesses. We report a case of a young male with pulmonary nodules found to have Streptococcus intermedius and no other underlying hepatic or dental history who was treated with ceftriaxone and avoided surgical intervention. A review of the literature reveals cases that are typically treated with a combined surgical and medical approach...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407333/bioarchaeological-profile-of-stress-and-dental-disease-among-ancient-high-altitude-himalayan-communities-of-nepal
#15
Jacqueline T Eng, Mark Aldenderfer
OBJECTIVES: This study examines biological indicators of dental disease and nonspecific stress in human remains of three high altitude Himalayan archaeological sites to test whether shared ecological constraints led to similar bioarchaeological profiles in these markers. METHODS: Samples (n = 170) derive from three sites in Nepal dating to two periods (400-50 BCE and c. 400-650 CE). Dental diseases (caries, antemortem tooth loss, and abscesses) were assessed by both the number of individuals and the number of elements observed, while childhood stress markers included observation of growth disruptions (enamel hypoplasia and adult femur length/stature) and cranial porosities...
April 13, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391076/improvised-vacuum-assisted-closure-for-severe-neck-infection-in-poorly-equipped-conditions
#16
S Adam, H D Sama, C Chossegros, M K Bouassalo, M Y Akpoto, E Kpemissi
INTRODUCTION: Dental infections are common and are mainly due to dental caries. When left untreated, these infections can lead to severe life-threatening sepsis. CASE REPORT: The authors reported a case of a severe odontogenic deep neck space infection in a 54-year-old male. The patient was a heavy smoker with incidentally discovered diabetes. He was successfully treated by surgical drainage combined with an improvised Vacuum-Assisted Closure (VAC) system. The results of surgical drainage followed by insertion of an improvised VAC system were spectacular...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384989/application-of-cad-cam-for-fabrication-of-metal-free-band-and-loop-space-maintainer
#17
Harleen Kaur Soni
An ideal occlusion with proper tooth alignment and fully functional teeth is the ultimate goal of all dental treatments. Premature extraction of deciduous teeth is a common sequeale of untreated dental caries in teeth in which the damage is far beyond repair. Premature extraction might lead to loss of space for the successor tooth, drifting of teeth and loss of arch integrity leading to malocclusion in the permanent teeth. To prevent the space loss, space maintainers are designed and delivered at the time of extraction to allow for development of proper functional occlusion in children till the eruption of the succedaneous permanent tooth...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376474/magnetic-resonance-imaging-features-as-surrogate-markers-of-x-linked-hypophosphatemic-rickets-activity
#18
Marta Lempicki, Anya Rothenbuhler, Valérie Merzoug, Stéphanie Franchi-Abella, Catherine Chaussain, Catherine Adamsbaum, Agnès Linglart
OBJECTIVE: X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets (XLH) is the most common form of inheritable rickets. Rickets treatment is monitored by assessing alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels, clinical features, and radiographs. Our objectives were to describe the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of XLH and to assess correlations with disease activity. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-seven XLH patients (median age 9.2 years) were included in this prospective single-center observational study...
April 3, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348763/granulicatella-adiacens-prosthetic-hip-joint-infection-after-dental-treatment
#19
Osama Aweid, Sabapathy Sundararajan, Abraham Teferi
INTRODUCTION: Granulicatella adiacens is a Gram-positive bacteria and a normal component of oral flora. It is also found in dental plaques, endodontic abscesses and can rarely cause more serious infections. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a prosthetic hip joint infection in an 81-year-old fit and healthy man due to Granulicatella adiacens who underwent a prolonged dental intervention two days earlier without antibiotic prophylaxis. The infection was successfully treated with surgical intervention and a combination of antibiotics...
June 2016: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331805/prevotella-osteomyelitis-after-dental-capping-procedure
#20
Alexander Williams, Thomas Kerkering
We present a 49 year old man who presented to the emergency department with severe lower back pain of 5 days duration. One week prior he had been diagnosed with a right psoas muscle abscess and was discharged with a 28 day course of moxifloxacin after the preliminary culture from the psoas grew an anaerobic organism. MRI of the lumbar spine showed marrow edema in the L2 body, occupying most of the anterior two thirds of the body, with cortical erosion at the anteroinferior aspect of L1. Blood cultures were negative and bone biopsy of L2 showed neutrophilic invasion and reactive changes...
2017: IDCases
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