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Dental abscess

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210435/role-of-thr399ile-and-asp299gly-polymorphisms-of-toll-like-receptor-4-gene-in-acute-dental-abscess
#1
Ebrahim Miri-Moghaddam, Narges Farhad-Mollashahi, Elnaz Baghaee, Ali Bazi, Yasaman Garme
BACKGROUND: Apical Periodontitis (AP) is an inflammatory disease that affects the tissues surrounding the root end of a tooth. The disease which is caused by endodontic infections presents in different clinical ways including development of an acute abscess. Recent studies have provided information suggesting role of a multitude of factors in pathogenesis of acute apical abscess (AAA). In this case-control study, our goal was to evaluate the frequency and potential role of two common polymorphisms of toll like receptor-4 (TLR-4) gene; Thr399Ile (1196 C>T) and Asp299Gly (+896 A>G), in 50 patients with AAA as cases and 50 patients with asymptomatic apical periodontitis (AAP) as controls...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176963/expressive-aphasia-caused-by-streptococcus-intermedius-brain-abscess-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#2
Misbahuddin Khaja, Darryl Adler, George Lominadze
BACKGROUND: Brain abscess is an uncommon but life-threatening infection. It involves a focal, intracerebral infection that begins in a localized area of cerebritis and develops into a collection of pus, surrounded by a well-vascularized capsule. Brain abscess still poses a significant problem in developing countries but rarely in developed countries. Predisposing factors vary in different parts of the world. With the introduction of antibiotics and imaging studies, the mortality rate has decreased between 5% and 15%...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118952/the-only-case-of-mycotic-aneurysm-of-the-pica-clinical-radiological-remarks-and-review-of-literature
#3
Manolo Piccirilli, Emiliano Prizio, Delia Cannizzaro, Maria Pia Tropeano, Giulio Guidetti, Antonio Santoro
We present the first and only case, reported in literature, of a 67-years-old man with a mycotic aneurysm (MA) of the left posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA), caused by group B Streptococcus, that we surgically treated, performing neck aneurysm clipping, preserving patency of parent vessel. Moreover the peculiarity of this case is represented by the fact that the MA is originated from a tooth abscess, treated about two years before. To date, there have been only 10 cases of association between MA with either tooth pathologies or dental surgical procedures and our case is the only one originating from PICA...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106692/use-of-resorbable-fixation-system-in-pediatric-facial-fractures
#4
Frankie K Wong, Saleigh Adams, Donald A Hudson, Wayne Ozaki
INTRODUCTION: Resorbable fixation system (RFS) is an alternative to titanium in open reduction and internal fixation of pediatric facial fractures. METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed all medical records in a major metropolitan pediatric hospital in Cape Town, South Africa from September 2010 through May 2014. Inclusion criteria were children under the age of 13 with facial fractures who have undergone open reduction and internal fixation using RFS. Intraoperative and postoperative complications were reviewed...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099579/factors-for-determining-dental-anxiety-in-preschool-children-with-severe-dental-caries
#5
Jenny Abanto, Evelyn Alvarez Vidigal, Thiago Saads Carvalho, Stella Núbia Coelho de Sá, Marcelo Bönecker
The aim of this study was to assess the clinical and socioeconomic indicators associated with dental anxiety in preschool children with severe dental caries. A total of 100 children between 3 and 5 years of age were selected during a dental screening procedure. The selection criteria were having at least one tooth with dental caries and a visible pulpal involvement, ulceration, fistula, and abscess (PUFA) index of ≥1 in primary teeth. Before the clinical examination or any treatment procedure was performed, we evaluated the children's dental anxiety using the Facial Image Scale (FIS)...
January 16, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011975/dental-worm-disease
#6
Sergio Sabbatani, Sirio Fiorino
During human evolution, the period in which groups of humans stopped harvesting fruits and seeds growing wild and introduced the cultivation of cereals as well as the domestication of animals represents a very important event. This circumstance had a considerable impact on human pathocenosis, increasing the risk of infectious diseases of animal origin. The aim of this review was to summarise the archaeological and palaeo-pathological evidence in the literature concerning this topic. Starting from early prehistory (about 1...
1, 2016: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005295/antibiotics-in-endodontics-a-review
#7
REVIEW
J J Segura-Egea, K Gould, B Hakan Şen, P Jonasson, E Cotti, A Mazzoni, H Sunay, L Tjäderhane, P M H Dummer
The overuse of antibiotics and the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacterial strains is a global concern. This concern is also of importance in terms of the oral microbiota and the use of antibiotics to deal with oral and dental infections. The aim of this paper is to review the current literature on the indications and use of antibiotics and to make recommendations for their prescription in endodontic patients. Odontogenic infections, including endodontic infections, are polymicrobial, and in most cases, the prescription of antibiotics is empirical...
December 22, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977869/endodontic-treatment-related-antibiotic-prescribing-patterns-of-south-african-oral-health-professionals
#8
R Lalloo, G Solanki, K Ramphoma, N G Myburgh
AIM: To assess the antibiotic prescribing patterns of South African dentists for patients undergoing endodontic treatment. METHODOLOGY: This study used data from 2013 health insurance claims submitted by South African oral health professionals to determine the antibiotic prescribing patterns related to endodontic treatment. A logistic regression model was used to test the fully adjusted statistical significance of the association between the exploratory variables (gender, age group, event type, abscess treatment, chronic health) and the dependent variable (antibiotic prescription)...
December 15, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930461/odontogenic-orofacial-infections
#9
Dario Bertossi, Antonio Barone, Antonio Iurlaro, Simone Marconcini, Daniele De Santis, Marco Finotti, Pasquale Procacci
Acute dental abscess is a frequent and sometimes underestimated disease of the oral cavity. The acute dental abscess usually occurs secondary to caries, trauma, or failed endodontic treatment. After the intact pulp chamber is opened, colonization of the root canals takes place with a variable set of anaerobic bacteria, which colonize the walls of the necrotic root canals forming a specialized mixed anaerobic biofilm. Asymptomatic necrosis is common. However, abscess formation occurs when these bacteria and their toxic products breach into the periapical tissues through the apical foramen and induce acute inflammation and pus formation...
January 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927258/a-case-of-tetanus-secondary-to-an-odontogenic-infection
#10
Majid Darraj, James Stone, Yoav Keynan, Kristjan Thompson, Carolyn Snider
Tetanus is a life-threatening clinical syndrome that commonly presents with muscular spasms, rigidity, and autonomic instability. It is considered rare in industrialized countries, and tetanus occurring secondary to dental abscesses, procedures, or infections has been infrequently reported. We describe the case of a patient inadequately immunized for tetanus, who presented to the emergency department with muscular spasms, rigidity, and autonomic instability in the setting of an odontogenic infection. A clinical diagnosis of tetanus was made and subsequently managed successfully...
December 8, 2016: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882508/regional-early-development-and-eruption-of-permanent-teeth-case-report
#11
A M Al Mullahi, A Bakathir, S Al Jahdhami
BACKGROUND: Early development and eruption of permanent teeth are rarely reported in scientific literature. Early eruption of permanent teeth has been reported to occur due to local factors such as trauma or dental abscesses in primary teeth, and in systemic conditions. Congenital diffuse infiltrating facial lipomatosis (CDIFL) is a rare condition that belongs to a group of lipomatosis tumours. In this disorder, the mature adipocytes invade adjacent soft and hard tissues in the facial region...
November 23, 2016: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834119/correlation-of-periodontal-disease-with-inflammatory-arthritis-in-the-time-before-modern-medical-intervention
#12
Bruce Rothschild
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists as to possible correlation of periodontal disease with rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis. Confounding factors may relate to stringency of inflammatory disease diagnosis and to effect on periodontal disease of therapeutic intervention for rheumatoid arthritis. These were investigated. METHODS: Forty-five individuals with documented rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthropathy and calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease were examined from the Hamann-Todd collection of human skeletons compiled between 1912 and 1938, in addition to fifteen individuals contemporarily incorporated in the collection were examined for tooth loss, cavity occurrence, average and maximum lingual and buccal depth of the space between tooth and bone, periosteal reaction, serpentine bone resorption, abscess formation and root penetration of bone surface and analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA)...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825838/the-relationship-between-oral-health-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-elderly-people-in-united-kingdom
#13
Mohd Masood, Tim Newton, Noor Nazahiah Bakri, Taimur Khalid, Yaghma Masood
OBJECTIVES: To identify the determinants of OHRQoL among older people in the United Kingdom. METHODS: A subset of elderly (≥65year) participants from the UK Adult Dental Health Survey 2009 data was used. OHRQoL was assessed by means of the OHIP-14 additive score. The number of missing teeth; presence of active caries, dental pain, root caries, tooth wear, periodontal pockets>4mm, loss of attachment>9mm; having PUFA>0 (presence of severely decayed teeth with visible pulpal involvement, ulceration caused by dislocated tooth fragments, fistula and abscess); and wearing a denture were used as predictor variables...
January 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816793/meta-analysis-of-teeth-from-european-populations-before-and-after-the-18th-century-reveals-a-shift-towards-increased-prevalence-of-caries-and-tooth-loss
#14
REVIEW
Antonia Müller, Kais Hussein
Based on single studies, it has been hypothesised that Europeans have suffered less frequently from caries before the 18th century than after the 18th century and that females have higher caries prevalence, but systematic European-wide overviews are sparse. We collected published data on dental diseases (publication between 1981 and 2015 with reports on 29 cohorts with 4998 individuals and a total of 85817 teeth). Meta-analyses revealed that, over several hundred years, including the post-18th century era, Europeans had relatively constant frequencies of caries and ante-mortem tooth loss, but since the 18th century, the mean frequencies of these dental diseases increased (each p<0...
January 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805891/the-role-of-feeding-practices-as-a-determinant-of-the-pufa-index-in-children-with-early-childhood-caries
#15
K Gandeeban, M Ramakrishnan, H S Halawany, N B Abraham, V Jacob, S Anil
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and severity of untreated dental caries among young children (aged <6 years) with early childhood caries (ECC) using the pufa index and to examine the relationship between caries and feeding practices. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of children with ECC was undertaken in two stages: a questionnaire survey based on interviews and an intraoral examination using the defs and pufa indices. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of untreated dental caries in our sample of 238 ECC-affected children was 72...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795647/erosive-effects-of-pediatric-liquid-medicinal-syrups-on-primary-enamel-an-in-vitro-comparative-study
#16
Parimala Kulkarni, Ayushi Anand, Arpana Bansal, Ankur Jain, Utkarsh Tiwari, Suchi Agrawal
CONTEXT: The use of liquid medicinal syrups in childhood is high owing to the reasons that children suffer from illness quite often. The acidic component in the formulations may cause erosion to the dental tissues. AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate the erosive potential of pediatric liquid medicinal syrups on the deciduous teeth. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of sixty extracted/exfoliated noncarious deciduous molars were used. Four medical syrups were used (viz...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771601/r-gas-under-diaphragm
#17
Maddibande Ramachar Sreevathsa, Khyati Melanta
INTRODUCTION: The most common cause of gas under diaphragm is hollow viscous perforation. In 10% of cases it can be due to rare causes, both abdominal and extra-abdominal, one of them being intra abdominal infection by gas forming organisms. PRESENTATION OF THE CASE: A 51 year old male patient, a poorly controlled diabetic, presented with a second episode of severe pain abdomen and abdominal distention, with lower abdominal tenderness. Plain Xray of the abdomen in erect posture showed gas under the right dome of diaphragm and ultrasound abdomen confirmed gross pneumoperitoneum...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703619/meningitis-and-subdural-empyema-as-complication-of-pterygomandibular-space-abscess-upon-tooth-extraction
#18
Paolo Cariati, Almudena Cabello-Serrano, Fernando Monsalve-Iglesias, Maria Roman-Ramos, Blas Garcia-Medina
Complication of dental infections might be various and heterogeneous. The most common complications are represented by maxilar celulitis, canine space celulitis, infratemporal space celulitis, temporal celulitis and bacteremia. Among rarest complications we found: sepsis, bacterial endocarditis, mediastinitis, intracranial complications, osteomyelitis, etc. Although dental infections are often considered trivial entities, sometimes they can reach an impressive gravity. In this regard, the present study describes a case of dental infection complicated by meningitis, subdural empiema and cerebral vasculitis...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681401/dental-neglect-among-children-in-chennai
#19
Deepa Gurunathan, Arunachalam Karthikeyan Shanmugaavel
BACKGROUND: Child dental neglect is the failure of a parent or guardian to meet the child's basic oral health needs such that the child enjoys adequate function and freedom from pain and infection, where reasonable resources are available to family or caregiver. AIM: The aim of the study is to evaluate the phenomenon of dental neglect among children in Chennai and to associate dental neglect with oral health status of children aged 3-12 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study involving 478 pairs of parents and children...
October 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663766/ed-triage-pain-protocol-reduces-time-to-receiving-analgesics-in-patients-with-painful-conditions
#20
Aaron Nathan Barksdale, Jeff Lee Hackman, Karen Williams, Matt Christopher Gratton
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that collaborative nursing protocols initiated in triage improve emergency department (ED) throughput and decrease time to treatment. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to determine if an ED triage pain protocol improves time to provision of analgesics. METHODS: Retrospective data abstracted via electronic medical record of patients at a safety net facility with 67 000 annual adult visits. Patients older than 18 years who presented to the ED between March 1, 2011, and May 31, 2013, with 1 of 6 conditions were included: back pain, dental pain, extremity trauma, sore throat, ear pain, or pain from an abscess...
December 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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