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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319894/antibiotic-prescribing-for-endodontic-therapies-a-comparative-survey-between-general-dental-practitioners-gdps-and-final-year-bachelor-of-dental-surgery-bds-students-in-cardiff-uk
#1
A A Al Masan, P M H Dummer, D J J Farnell, M E Vianna
AIM: To evaluate the views of final-year dental surgery (BDS; G1) students at Cardiff University and general dental practitioners (GDPs; G2) within the city of Cardiff, Wales on antibiotic prescribing for endodontic conditions, and investigate the potential differences between the two groups. METHODS: A cross-sectional online questionnaire-based survey of 12 qualitative and quantitative questions was distributed to 76 final-year BDS Cardiff University students and 55 dental practices within Cardiff, UK...
January 10, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286225/comparison-of-salivary-antioxidants-in-children-with-primary-tooth-abscesses-before-and-after-treatment-in-comparison-with-healthy-subjects
#2
Asghar Zarban, Sediqe Ebrahimipour, Gholam-Reza Sharifzadeh, Anousheh Rashed-Mohassel, Mina Barkooi
Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of children with primary molar abscesses before and two weeks after extraction of the infected tooth. Materials and methods: Forty one children aged between 3-6 years participatesd in this cross sectional study. The antioxidant activity of saliva was investigated in 20 patients with tooth abscesses affecting one of the first primary molars before and after tooth extraction in the case group and once in 21 children with no caries or dental problems in the control group...
December 29, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228148/rapid-screening-method-for-detecting-highly-pathogenic-streptococcus-intermedius-strains-carrying-a-mutation-in-the-lacr-gene
#3
Toshifumi Tomoyasu, Masaki Matoba, Ayuko Takao, Atsushi Tabata, Robert A Whiley, Nobuko Maeda, Hideaki Nagamune
Streptococcus intermedius is a member of the normal human commensal flora and secretes a human-specific cytolysin intermedilysin (ILY) as a major virulence factor. Expression of ily is repressed by LacR and loss-of-function mutations of LacR are observed in many ILY high-producing strains isolated from deep-seated abscesses, suggesting that high ILY production is necessary for increased virulence. However, because ILY exhibits no β-hemolysis on animal blood agar plates, differentiating ILY high- and low-producing strains using conventional laboratory methods is not possible...
December 6, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211122/actinomycosis-is-not-frequent-in-the-periapex-but-is-a-persistent-lesion
#4
Lucas Senhorinho Esteves, Águida Cristina Gomes Henriques, Carolina Ávila Varginha de Moraes E Silva, Maria Cristina Teixeira Cangussu, Eduardo Antônio Gonçalves Ramos, Carlos Estrela, Jean Nunes Dos Santos
Periapical actinomycosis caused by a gram-positive anaerobic pathogen characterizes a typical extra-radicular infection. This study determined the frequency and correlated the content of bacteria colonies with the of periapical actinomycosis size. The study comprised a total of 218 periapical lesions (PL) (cysts, granulomas or abscess). The specimens embedded in paraffin were sliced into 4-µm sections and stained with hematoxylin-eosin, Gram, Periodic Acid-Schiff (PAS) and Grocott's stain. The presence of bacterial colonies composed of filamentous structures labeled with the histochemical stains were described as Actinomyces, and for each case, the bacterial colonies were counted and measured...
November 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190002/dentoalveolar-abscesses-not-associated-with-caries-or-trauma-a-diagnostic-hallmark-of-hypophosphatemic-rickets-initially-misdiagnosed-as-hypochondroplasia
#5
Silvia Elena Yacarini Paredes, Raquel Assed Bezerra Segato, Leila Daher Moreira, Alcides Moreira, Kranya Victoria Díaz Serrano, Clarissa Teles Rodrigues, Luciana Yamamoto Almeida, Jorge Esquiche León
Hypophosphatemic rickets is a rare genetic disorder involving the regulation of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), a phosphaturic agent, clinically showing bowing of the legs, short stature and dentoalveolar abscesses. A 7-year-old boy, with previous hypochondroplasia diagnosis, was referred to our pediatric dentistry clinic presenting short stature, bone deformities and sinus tracts at deciduous teeth apex levels not related with trauma, restorations or dental caries. After deciduous teeth extraction, due to root resorption and mobility, light microscopy exhibited typical hypophosphatemic dentin, and micro-computed tomography revealed tubular clefts and porosities throughout the teeth...
November 30, 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189591/luc-s-abscess-and-temporomandibular-joint-septic-arthritis-two-rare-sequelae-of-acute-otitis-media
#6
Carmelle Tsai, Jennifer Deramo, Xiaofan Shen, Kathleen Vandiver, Vineeta Mittal
A 5-year-old previously healthy child presented with right-sided otalgia, right facial and temporal swelling, and right jaw pain in the setting of 6 days of low-grade fever. The child had no trauma, vomiting, or prior dental treatments. On physical examination, the patient had facial swelling, erythema, and tenderness over the right temporal region along with trismus, as well as pain on palpation of the right temporomandibular joint (TMJ). A computed tomography scan revealed otitis media, Luc's abscess, and TMJ septic arthritis requiring surgical drainage and intravenous antibiotics...
November 20, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184736/the-reconstruction-of-the-donor-site-of-dp-flap-using-thoracodorsal-artery-perforator-flap
#7
Masayuki Okochi, Hiromi Okochi, Takao Sakaba, Kazuki Ueda
We performed a new procedure for reconstruction of donor site of a deltopectoral (DP) flap. A 58-year-old man presented with a wide subcutaneous abscess, which was caused by acute mandibular osteomyelitis due to dental caries. On admission, the patient received a neck incision for drainage. However, necrosis of the neck skin was observed after drainage. The patient had an 8 × 10 cm skin and soft-tissue defect, which we covered with a DP flap (15 × 7 cm). The DP flap donor site was reconstructed using a 16 × 8 cm pedicled thoracodorsal artery perforator (TDAP) flap...
October 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181299/persistent-bacteremia-secondary-to-delayed-identification-of-lactobacillus-in-the-setting-of-mitral-valve-endocarditis
#8
Cody Stroupe, Joseph Pendley, Emmanuel Isang, Benjamin Helms
Introduction: Lactobacillus species causing infective endocarditis is rare. Most reported cases arise from the oral ingestion of Lactobacillus via dairy or nutritional supplements in patients with congenital valve disease or replacement. We present a case of native valve bacterial endocarditis caused by Lactobacillus arising from dental abscesses. Additionally, there was an error in identification of the Lactobacillus as Corynebacterium, which led to inadequate treatment. Presentation of case: A 51-year-old male presented to an outside clinic with several weeks of subjective fevers and malaise...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172335/facial-palsy-masquerading-as-an-acute-dental-abscess
#9
Arif Razzak, Frances O’Leary, Nabeela Ahmed
Facial nerve palsy has specific symptomology, but varied aetiology. Prompt and thorough assessment is required to ascertain if upper or lower motor neurone damage has occurred. This report discusses a 6-year-old female, presenting in the Emergency Department with unilateral facial weakness. Initially thought to be facial swelling relating to her carious dentition, clinical assessment from the maxillofacial team identified that the patient had a unilateral facial palsy, later diagnosed as Bell’s palsy. Her delayed presentation was due to initial misdiagnoses in primary care...
March 2017: Dental Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154249/deep-neck-infections-review-of-263-cases
#10
Alise Adoviča, Linda Veidere, Marks Ronis, Gunta Sumeraga
OBJECTIVES: In patients hospitalized due to deep neck infections (DNIs), to investigate the association between demographic parameters, etiology, and localization of abscesses and/or phlegmons, complications, comorbidities, treatment, and bacterial cultures. METHODS: We analyzed data of 263 patients that were hospitalized from January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2015, due to deep neck space phlegmons and/or abscesses. We performed statistical analysis with the SPSS 22...
October 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139168/hunter-gatherer-dental-pathology-do-historic-accounts-of-aboriginal-australians-correspond-to-the-archeological-record-of-dental-disease
#11
Judith Littleton
OBJECTIVES: Studies of hunter-gatherer oral pathology, particularly in Australia, often focus upon dental wear and caries or assume that historic studies of Aboriginal people reflect the precontact past. Consequently the range of population variation has been underestimated. In this paper dental pathology from human remains from Roonka are compared with a model of dental pathology derived from historic studies. The aim is to identify aspects of dental pathology indicative of regional or intra-population diversity...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109835/anterior-submandibular-approach-for-transmylohyoid-endotracheal-intubation-a-reappraisal-with-prospective-study-in-206-cases-of-craniomaxillofacial-fractures
#12
Nitin Bhola, Anendd Jadhav, Atul Kala, Rahul Deshmukh, Umesh Bhutekar, G S V Prasad
Despite a paradigm shift in anesthesia and trauma airway management, the craniomaxillofacial fracture (CMF) patients continue to pose a challenge. A prospective study was planned between April 2007 and March 2015 to investigate the safety, efficacy, utility, and complications of anterior submandibular approach for transmylohyoid intubation (TMI) in CMFs using an armored endotracheal tube (ETT). Out of 1,207 maxillofacial trauma cases reported, this study recruited 206 patients (152 males and 54 females) aged between 21 and 60 years...
December 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093739/aggressive-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-maxillary-sinus-in-a-43-year-old-male-rare-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#13
Koorosh Rahmani, Shokouh Taghipour Zahir, Mohammad Baghi Yazdi, Alireza Navabazam
Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a rare malignant tumor, mostly involving the minor salivary glands. Herein, we present a case of ACC in a 43-year-old man with symptoms of dental abscess as the initial presentation of the tumor. In spiral computed tomography (CT) scan, soft tissue mass with the erosion of maxillary sinus wall on the right side of the alveolar ridge was evident. Histopathological examination of the excised tumor with immunohistochemical studies (C-kit, Vimentin, pan-cytokeratin, p53, p63, and ki67 positive reaction) confirmed grade 2 ACC in the maxillary sinus...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069153/comparison-of-two-combinations-of-opioid-and-non-opioid-analgesics-for-acute-periradicular-abscess-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Manuela Favarin Santini, Ricardo Abreu da Rosa, Maria Beatriz Cardoso Ferreira, Maria Isabel Fischer, Erick Miranda Souza, Marcus Vinícius Reis Só
INTRODUCTION: Acute periradicular abscess is a condition characterized by the formation and propagation of pus in the periapical tissues and generally associated with debilitating pain. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the overall analgesic effectiveness of two combinations of opioid and non-opioid analgesics for acute periradicular abscess. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study included 26 patients who sought emergency care in a Brazilian dental school...
September 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042740/arteriovenous-malformation-of-face
#15
Ashok Kumar, Meenu Mittal, Dhirendra Srivastava, Vipul Jaetli, Sunil Chaudhary
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are rare congenital vascular malformations accounting only 1.5% of all vascular anomalies with 50% occurrence in the oral and maxillofacial region. It usually results from birth defects of the vasculature. A literature search revealed only few case reports of AVMs in the facial region. Lack of meticulous diagnosis, scarcity of knowledge, and paucity of literature can result in their exsanguinations leading to fatal hemorrhagic incidents after various dental procedures such as tooth extraction, surgical intervention, puncture wound, or blunt injury in involved area...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026224/oral-surgery-ii-part-2-the-maxillary-sinus-antrum-and-oral-surgery
#16
T Renton, J Durham, C M Hill
The maxillary sinus is the largest of the four paranasal sinuses and, being anatomically adjacent to the dentate region of the maxilla, is commonly a source of problems - not simply in terms of conditions affecting the sinus but also in establishing an accurate diagnosis. As anyone who has suffered both sinusitis and a dental abscess in the posterior maxilla will tell you, the symptoms are almost indistinguishable. For this reason, a sound understanding of the maxillary sinus is an essential requisite for all dentists...
October 13, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954638/-a-lung-abscess-caused-by-bad-teeth
#17
S E van Brummelen, D Melles, M van der Eerden
BACKGROUND: An odontogenic cause of a lung abscess can easily be overlooked. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 61-year-old man presented at the emergency department with a productive cough and dyspnoea. He was admitted to the pulmonary ward with a suspected odontogenic lung abscess. A thorax CT scan confirmed the diagnosis 'lung abscess', following which the dental surgeon confirmed that the lung abscess probably had an odontogenic cause. The patient made a full recovery following a 6-week course of antibiotics, and he received extensive dental treatment...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954260/untreated-dental-caries-is-associated-with-reports-of-verbal-bullying-in-children-8-10-years-old
#18
Jéssica C Barasuol, Josiane P Soares, Renata G Castro, Angela Giacomin, Bruna M Gonçalves, Daniele Klein, Fernanda M Torres, Adriano F Borgatto, Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge, Michele Bolan, Mariane Cardoso
The objective of this research was to verify the association between verbal bullying and untreated dental caries. The present cross-sectional study had a representative sample of 1,589 children, aged 8-10 years, from public schools. Information on verbal bullying related to the oral condition was obtained through a questionnaire directed to the students. Clinical data were collected by 4 calibrated examiners (kappa > 0.70) using the DMFT/dmft and PUFA/pufa indexes for caries. Socioeconomic issues were answered by those responsible...
September 28, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894386/oxidative-stress-in-patients-with-endodontic-pathologies
#19
Veiko Vengerfeldt, Reet Mändar, Mare Saag, Anneli Piir, Tiiu Kullisaar
BACKGROUND: Apical periodontitis (AP) is an inflammatory disease affecting periradicular tissues. It is a widespread condition but its etiopathogenetic mechanisms have not been completely elucidated and the current treatment options are not always successful. PURPOSE: To compare oxidative stress (OxS) levels in the saliva and the endodontium (root canal [RC] contents) in patients with different endodontic pathologies and in endodontically healthy subjects. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study group of this comparison study included 22 subjects with primary chronic apical periodontitis (pCAP), 26 with posttreatment or secondary chronic apical periodontitis (sCAP), eight with acute periapical abscess, 13 with irreversible pulpitis, and 17 healthy controls...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888395/dental-adaptations-of-bronze-age-harappans-occlusal-wear-crown-size-and-dental-pathology
#20
John R Lukacs
Systematic study of dental attributes yields insights regarding diet and subsistence that cannot be gained from the archaeological record alone. This analysis documents occlusal tooth wear, tooth crown dimensions and dental pathology of an expanded dental sample from Harappa (2550-2030cal BC; Pakistan). New floral and faunal evidence of subsistence indicates a mix of agriculture and pastoralism that can be integrated with evidence of dental attributes and disease to reveal the impact of Harappan diet on oral health...
September 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
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