keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Femoral fracture

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777918/sex-differences-in-the-spatial-distribution-of-bone-in-relation-to-incident-hip-fracture-findings-from-the-ages-reykjavik-study
#1
Elisa A Marques, Julio Carballido-Gamio, Vilmundur Gudnason, Gunnar Sigurdsson, Sigurdur Sigurdsson, Thor Aspelund, Kristin Siggeirsdottir, Lenore Launer, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Thomas Lang, Tamara B Harris
In this case-cohort study, we used data-driven computational anatomy approaches to assess within and between sex spatial differences in proximal femoral bone characteristics in relation to incident hip fracture. One hundred male and 234 female incident hip fracture cases, and 1047 randomly selected noncase subcohort participants (562 female) were chosen from the population-based AGES-Reykjavik study (mean age of 77 years). The baseline -i.e. before hip fracture- hip quantitative computed tomography scans of these subjects were analyzed using voxel-based morphometry, tensor-based morphometry, and surface-based statistical parametric mapping to assess the spatial distribution of volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD), internal structure, and cortical bone properties (thickness, vBMD and trabecular vBMD adjacent to the endosteal surface) of the proximal femur, respectively, in relation to incident hip fracture...
May 16, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776736/trabecular-bone-score-at-the-distal-femur-and-proximal-tibia-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury
#2
Stacey Lobos, Anne Cooke, Gillian Simonett, Chester Ho, Steven K Boyd, W Brent Edwards
Rapid declines in bone mineral density (BMD) at the knee after spinal cord injury (SCI) are associated with an increased risk of fracture. Evaluation of bone quality using the trabecular bone score (TBS) may provide a complimentary measure to BMD assessment to examine bone health and fracture risk after SCI. The purpose of this study was to assess bone mineral density (BMD) and trabecular bone score (TBS) at the knee in individuals with and without SCI. Nine individuals with complete SCI (mean time since SCI 2...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775976/-are-there-any-differences-in-quality-or-complication-rate-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-after-establishing-a-centre-for-endoprosthesis
#3
Muzaffer Düzgünoglu, Wolfgang Hönle, Alexander Scheller, Alexander Schuh
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to show whether there are any changes in quality or incidence of complications in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) after establishing a centre for endoprothesis (EPZ). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study comparing 100 TKAs one year before establishing an EPZ (Group I) with 100 TKAs one year after establishing an EPZ (group II). Data were collected by analysing our electronic documentation system, and the report of the rehabilitation hospital...
May 18, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775946/il-9-exhibits-elevated-expression-in-osteonecrosis-of-femoral-head-patients-and-promotes-cartilage-degradation-through-activation-of-jak-stat-signaling-in-vitro
#4
Wei Geng, Wen Zhang, Jinzhu Ma
Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) often causes severe symptoms in young people and limits the mobility of the hip joint. Interleukin-9 (IL-9) is a multi-functional inflammatory factor that participates in lumbar disk herniation and arthritis and has been reported in many studies. However, the correlation between IL-9 and ONFH is unclear. The present study aimed to determine the role of IL-9 in the pathogenetic mechanism of osteonecrosis. To assess IL-9 expression in ONFH and femoral neck fracture patients, cartilage tissue was examined through western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry...
May 15, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774866/femoral-neck-stress-fracture-in-a-young-female-recruit-case-report
#5
Hélder Fonte, Ricardo Rodrigues-Pinto
INTRODUCTION: Femoral neck stress fractures are uncommon and depending on their location, can be at high risk for non-union and significant morbidity.  Their prevalence is higher among runners and military recruits, and women seem to be at higher risk. METHODS: A 27-year-old female, who was enrolled in military recruit, reported left side groin pain after a strenuous running exercise. Due to persistent pain an X-Ray was ordered, which revealed no signs of acute lesions...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774403/anti-osteoporosis-drug-use-too-little-too-much-or-just-right-the-hunt-study-norway
#6
M Hoff, S Skurtveit, H E Meyer, A Langhammer, A J Søgaard, U Syversen, E Skovlund, B Abrahamsen, S Forsmo, B Schei
Use of anti-osteoporotic drugs (AODs) was examined in a Norwegian population 50-85 years. Among them with Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) score for major osteoporotic fracture ≥ 20, 25% of the women and 17% of the men received AODs. The strongest predictors for AODs were high age in women and use of glucocorticoids among men. INTRODUCTION: To examine the use of anti-osteoporotic drugs (AODs) and to identify predictors for prescriptions. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT3) performed in 2006-2008 and the Norwegian Prescription Database, including 15,075 women and 13,386 men aged 50-85 years...
May 17, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774402/subtrochanteric-and-diaphyseal-femoral-fractures-in-hypophosphatasia-not-atypical-at-all
#7
F Genest, L Seefried
Risk for subtrochanteric and diaphyseal femoral fractures is considered increased in patients with hypophosphatasia (HPP). Evaluating a large cohort of HPP patients, we could for the first time quantify the prevalcence and identify both morphometric features as well as predisposing factors for this complication of severe HPP. INTRODUCTION: Subtrochanteric and diaphyseal femoral fractures have been associated with both, long-term antiresorptive treatment and metabolic bone disorders, specifically Hypophosphatasia (HPP)...
May 17, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772991/reconstruction-plate-based-antibiotic-cement-spacers-clinical-outcomes-and-description-of-technique
#8
Aditya V Maheshwari, Robert Pivec, Roby Abraham, Qais Naziri
The standard of care for chronic deep peri-prosthetic hip infection is a two-stage exchange with placement of a temporary antibiotic cement spacer and treatment with intravenous antibiotics. Several commercially available cement spacer options exist. We report on a novel antibiotic spacer that may be an efficient, cost-effective alternative. Medical records of all patients treated for deep peri-prosthetic hip infection after total hip arthroplasty between 2004 and 2012 were reviewed. Each antibiotic spacer was constructed from a 12- to 16-hole recon plate bent to provide adequate soft tissue tension and a cement ball that matched the acetabulum...
2018: Journal of Long-term Effects of Medical Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772391/development-of-ionic-liquid-assisted-synthesized-nano%C3%A2-silver-combined-with-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-as-wound-healing-in-the-care-of-femoral-fracture-in-the-children-after-surgery
#9
Xingli Li, Maohua Liu, Hongxia Cheng, Qun Wang, Chuanna Miao, Shumei Ju, Fang Liu
This investigation aimed to develop the silver (Ag) nanoparticles incorporated vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) for the improvement wound healing and reduce Aseptic necrosis in treatment of femoral fracture healing. The spherical shaped Ag nanoparticles with improved morphology have been effectively synthesized via microwave assisted method using ionic liquids 1-dodecyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride. The morphological structure and crystalline properties of Ag nanoparticles are analyzed by using UV, XRD and TEM-EDX analytical methods...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770880/intraoperative-periprosthetic-femur-fracture-during-bipolar-hemiarthroplasty-for-displaced-femoral-neck-fractures
#10
Choon Chiet Hong, Nazrul Nashi, Jiong Hao Tan, Ruben Manohara, Wei Ting Lee, Diarmuid Paul Murphy
INTRODUCTION: We aim to review the incidence and risk factors for the development of intraoperative periprosthetic femur fractures while performing a bipolar hemiarthroplasty for displaced neck of femur fractures. Our secondary aim is to characterize the types of intraoperative periprosthetic fractures, the steps leading to the fractures, and the salvage treatments instituted. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 271 patients treated with bipolar hemiarthroplasty after traumatic displaced femoral neck fractures were retrospectively analyzed...
May 17, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770338/basic-fibroblast-growth-factor-fused-with-tandem-collagen-binding-domains-from-clostridium-histolyticum-collagenase-colg-increases-bone-formation
#11
Hiroyuki Sekiguchi, Kentaro Uchida, Osamu Matsushita, Gen Inoue, Nozomu Nishi, Ryo Masuda, Nana Hamamoto, Takaki Koide, Shintaro Shoji, Masashi Takaso
Basic fibroblast growth factor 2 (bFGF) accelerates bone formation during fracture healing. Because the efficacy of bFGF decreases rapidly following its diffusion from fracture sites, however, repeated dosing is required to ensure a sustained therapeutic effect. We previously developed a fusion protein comprising bFGF, a polycystic kidney disease domain (PKD; s2b), and collagen-binding domain (CBD; s3) sourced from the Clostridium histolyticum class II collagenase, ColH, and reported that the combination of this fusion protein with a collagen-like peptide, poly(Pro-Hyp-Gly)10 , induced mesenchymal cell proliferation and callus formation at fracture sites...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770222/recurrent-vertebral-fractures-in-a-young-adult-a-closer-look-at-bone-health-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Eleanor P Thong, Sarah Catford, Julie Fletcher, Phillip Wong, Peter J Fuller, Helena Teede, Frances Milat
The association between type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and bone health has garnered interest over the years. Fracture risk is known to be increased in individuals with T1DM, although bone health assessment is not often performed in the clinical setting. We describe the case of a 21-year-old male with longstanding T1DM with multilevel vertebral fractures on imaging, after presenting with acute back pain without apparent trauma. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) revealed significantly reduced bone mineral density at the lumbar spine and femoral neck...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769819/structural-and-biomechanical-adaptations-to-free-fall-landing-in-hindlimb-cortical-bone-of-growing-female-rats
#13
Hsin-Shih Lin, Ho-Seng Wang, Hung-Ta Chiu, Kuang-You B Cheng, Ar-Tyan Hsu, Tsang-Hai Huang
The purpose of the study was to investigate the adaptation process of hindlimb cortical bone subjected to free-fall landing training. Female Wistar rats (7 weeks old) were randomly assigned to four landing (L) groups and four age-matched control (C) groups (n = 12 per group): L1, L2, L4 L8, C1, C2, C4 and C8. Animals in the L1, L2, L4 and L8 groups were respectively subjected to 1, 2, 4 and 8 weeks of free-fall-landing training (40 cm height, 30 times/day and 5 days/week) while the C1, C2, C4 and C8 groups served as age-matched control groups...
June 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768627/tsh-receptor-antibodies-may-prevent-bone-loss-in-pre-and-postmenopausal-women-with-graves-disease-and-graves-orbitopathy
#14
Mira Siderova, Kiril Hristozov, Aleksandra Tsukeva
OBJECTIVE: Thyrotoxicosis is established risk factor for osteoporosis due to increased bone turnover. Glucocorticoids often administered for Graves' orbitopathy (GO) have additional negative effect on bone mineral density (BMD). Our aim was to examine the influence of thyroid hormones, TSH, TSH-receptor antibodies (TRAb) and glucocorticoid treatment on bone in women with Graves' thyrotoxicosis and Graves' orbitopathy (GO). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty seven women with Graves' disease, mean age 55...
March 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766152/undesired-effect-of-excessive-betamethasone-administration-during-pregnancy-a-rare-case
#15
Alireza Mirzaei, Solmaz Piri, Kaveh Gharanizadeh, Mozhdeh Zabihiyeganeh
Background: Postpartum bilateral femoral neck fracture (BFNF) is a rare condition. We here report a case of BFNF due to excessive corticosteroid consumption, twin pregnancy, immobility, and vitamin D deficiency. Case: This is a report of a 32-yr-old woman with bilateral femoral insufficiency fracture five days after emergency cesarean section due to preterm labor, twin pregnancy, and the history of a previous cesarean section at 33 wk. Antenatal repeated courses of betamethasone injections for fetal lung maturity, daily oral use of prednisolone for the history of miscarriage, immobilization, and vitamin D deficiency were the important contributing factors in her past medical history and lab investigations...
March 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765105/neural-predisposing-factors-of-postoperative-delirium-in-elderly-patients-with-femoral-neck-fracture
#16
Sunghyon Kyeong, Jung Eun Shin, Kyu Hyun Yang, Woo Suk Lee, Tae-Sub Chung, Jae-Jin Kim
Elderly adults are more likely to develop delirium after major surgery, but there is limited knowledge of the vulnerability for postoperative delirium. In this study, we aimed to identify neural predisposing factors for postoperative delirium and develop a prediction model for estimating an individual's probability of postoperative delirium. Among 57 elderly participants with femoral neck fracture, 25 patients developed postoperative delirium and 32 patients did not. We preoperatively obtained data for clinical assessments, anatomical MRI, and resting-state functional MRI...
May 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763336/adjustable-loop-femoral-cortical-suspensory-fixation-for-patellar-tendon-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-time-zero-biomechanical-comparison-with-interference-screw-fixation
#17
Dayne T Mickelson, Thomas Lefebvre, Ken Gall, Jonathan C Riboh
BACKGROUND: Adjustable-loop cortical buttons for femoral fixation of bone-tendon-bone grafts have potential advantages over interference screw fixation; however, these devices have not been benchmarked biomechanically against interference screws. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose was to compare the time zero biomechanical properties of commercially available, adjustable-loop cortical button and metallic interference screws for femoral fixation of bone-tendon-bone grafts. It was hypothesized that no significant differences would be found in biomechanical properties between fixation techniques...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762165/improved-fracture-prediction-using-different-frax-adjustments-in-hiv-infected-women
#18
Jingyan Yang, Anjali Sharma, Qiuhu Shi, Kathryn Anastos, Mardge H Cohen, Elizabeth T Golub, Deborah Gustafson, Daniel Merenstein, Wendy J Mack, Phyllis C Tien, Jeri Nieves, Michael T Yin
OBJECTIVES: A Fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX®) using clinical risk factors (CRFs) alone underestimates fracture risk in HIV-infected men. Our objective was to determine whether accuracy of FRAX would be improved by considering HIV as a cause of secondary osteoporosis, and further improved with addition of DXA parameters in HIV-infected women. DESIGN: Subgroup analysis of Women's Interagency HIV Study. METHODS: We included 1148 women (900 HIV-infected and 248 uninfected) over age 40 with data to approximate FRAX CRFs and 10-year observational data for incident fragility fractures; 181 (20%) HIV-infected women had DXA data...
May 11, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762119/hip-fracture-mortality-differences-between-intertrochanteric-and-femoral-neck-fractures
#19
Nicholas B Frisch, Nolan Wessell, Michael Charters, Alexander Greenstein, Jonathan Shaw, Edward Peterson, S Trent Guthrie
The purpose of this study was to identify the specific risk factors that affect mortality in patients with hip fractures and differentiate mortality-associated factors between intertrochanteric (IT) and femoral neck (FN) fractures. A total of 1538 consecutive patients with hip fractures were treated at the authors' institution between January 2005 and October 2013. Ultimately 858 IT and 479 FN fracture patients were included on the basis of age >60 years with an isolated hip fracture. Mortality rate at 90 days was 12...
2018: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762110/surgical-complications-associated-with-atypical-femur-fractures-attributed-to-bisphosphonate-use
#20
Douglas S Schultz, Henry M Gass, William R Barfield, Harry A Demos, Langdon A Hartsock
Complications of atypical femur fractures (AFFs) are common. AFFs often receive the same treatment as other femoral fractures; however, there appears to be a higher rate of adverse outcomes. Nine patients sustained a total of 13 AFFs, had documented bisphosphonate use before fracture, and had surgery between 2006 and 2012. Complications included continued pain, surgical revision, nonunion, malunion, deformity, or heterotopic ossification. The overall complication rate was 33.3%, with four of the 12 surgeries performed at this institution resulting in one nonunion and three minor complications...
2018: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
keyword
keyword
116876
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"