keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Femoral fracture

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331010/implants-for-extracapsular-neck-of-femur-fracture-dynamic-hip-screw-versus-intramedullary-nailing
#1
Faisal Farooq Butt, Adnan Shabbair Hussain, Ahmed Mushtaq Khan, Maria Sultan
Neck of femur fractures are the most prevalent type of injury in elderly trauma patients. Both intra and extra capsular type of fractures are equally distributed in the given population. Traditionally, Extra capsular fractures are fixed with Dynamic Hip screw or Intra medullary nailing based on the type of fracture. NICE (National Institute of Clinical Excellence) recommends fixing 31-A1 and 31-A2 fractures with DHS (Dynamic Hip Screw) whereas AO recommends fixing 31-A1 with DHS and 31-A2.1 subtype with DHS and 31-A2...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327779/locally-delivered-ethyl-2-5-dihydroxybenzoate-using-3d-printed-bone-implant-for-promotion-of-bone-regeneration-in-a-osteoporotic-animal-model
#2
B-J Kwon, G M Seon, M H Lee, M-A Koo, M S Kim, D Kim, J-J Han, D Kim, J Kim, J-C Park
Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by low bone mass, most commonly caused by an increase in bone resorption that is not matched by sufficient bone formation. The most common complications of postmenopausal osteoporosis are bone-related defects and fractures. Fracture healing is a multifactorial bone regeneration process, influenced by both biological and mechanical factors related to age, osteoporosis and stability of the osteosynthesis. During the treatment of bone defects in osteoporotic conditions, imbalanced bone remodeling is the leading cause for implant failure...
January 12, 2018: European Cells & Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327108/computed-tomography-for-occult-fractures-of-the-proximal-femur-pelvis-and-sacrum-in-clinical-practice-single-institution-dual-site-experience
#3
Jacob C Mandell, Michael J Weaver, Bharti Khurana
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of CT for assessment of occult fractures of the proximal femur, pelvis, and sacrum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on patients who received a CT of the hip or pelvis for suspected occult fracture after negative or equivocal radiographs performed within 24 h. The official radiology report was utilized for the determination of CT findings and calculation of sensitivity and specificity...
January 11, 2018: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326764/a-prospective-study-to-evaluate-the-management-of-sub-trochanteric-femur-fractures-with-long-proximal-femoral-nail
#4
M Kumar, V Akshat, A Kanwariya, M Gandhi
Introduction: Sub-trochanteric fractures of the femur remains one of the most challenging fractures faced by orthopaedic surgeons. This study was done to analyse the management and complications of sub-trochanteric fractures using long proximal femoral nail (PFN). Materials and Methods: This was a prospective study of 50 patients with sub-trochanteric fractures of femur who were treated with long PFN at a tertiary care center from July 2012 to June 2016. The fractures were classified according to Seinsheimer classification...
November 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326497/is-the-modified-harris-hip-score-valid-and-responsive-instrument-for-outcome-assessment-in-the-indian-population-with-pertrochanteric-fractures
#5
Karthik Vishwanathan, Keyur Akbari, Amit J Patel
Introduction: The original Harris hip score (HHS) does not contain ability to perform squatting and sitting cross legged as items in the questionnaire and hence a need was felt to modify the Harris hip score so that it could stay relevant in functional assessment of Indian patients in the rural setting. Validity, responsiveness and ceiling floor effect of the Harris hip score after internal fixation of pertrochanteric fracture has not been previously described. The objective of the study was to investigate construct validity, responsiveness and ceiling floor effects of the modified Harris hip score (mHHS)...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325187/in-vivo-evaluation-of-biodegradability-and-biocompatibility-of-fe30mn-alloy
#6
Marine Traverson, Michael Heiden, Lia A Stanciu, Eric A Nauman, Yava Jones-Hall, Gert J Breur
OBJECTIVES:  This study aims to evaluate the biodegradability and biocompatibility of an alloy of iron and manganese (Fe30Mn) in a bone model in vivo. METHODS:  Resorption of a Fe30Mn wire was compared with traditional permanent 316L stainless steel (SS) wire after bilateral transcondylar femoral implantation in 12 rats. Evaluation of biodegradation over 6 months was performed using radiography, post-mortem histology and microscopic implant surface analysis...
January 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324528/titanium-elastic-nailing-has-superior-value-to-plate-fixation-of-midshaft-femur-fractures-in-children-5-to-11-years
#7
Jerad D Allen, Kevin Murr, Ferras Albitar, Cale Jacobs, Eric S Moghadamian, Ryan Muchow
BACKGROUND: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) Clinical Practice Guidelines for pediatric femoral shaft fractures indicate titanium elastic nails (TENs) for children 5 to 11 years old. Growing evidence suggests these fractures may also be treated with open or submuscular plating. The purpose of this study was to compare estimated blood loss (EBL), operative time, fluoroscopy time, cost, and subjective and objective pain scores between TENs and plating techniques used in 5- to 11-year-old children with midshaft femur fractures based on length stability...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323712/paradoxical-side-effects-of-bisphosphonates-on-the-skeleton-what-do-we-know-and-what-can-we-do
#8
REVIEW
Jorge William Vargas-Franco, Beatriz Castaneda, Françoise Rédiní, David Francisco Gómez, Dominique Heymann, Frédéric Lézot
Bisphosphonates are considered the most effective drugs for controlling adult and pediatric osteolytic diseases. Although they have been used successfully for many years, several side effects, such as osteonecrosis of the jaw, delayed dental eruption, atypical femoral fracture and alterations to the bone growth system, have been described. After an overview of nitrogenous bisphosphonate, the purpose of this article is to describe their mechanisms of action and current applications, review the preclinical and clinical evidence of their side effects in the skeleton ("what we know"), and describe current recommendations for preventing and managing these effects ("what we can do")...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322292/bilateral-symmetrical-comparison-of-the-proximal-femur-using-3d-ct-models
#9
Filip C Dolatowski, Max J Temmesfeld, Claude Pierre-Jerome, Arne Borthne, Sigurd Erik Hoelsbrekken
PURPOSE: Superimposed three-dimensional (3D)-models obtained from CT-images have been used to evaluate displacement of femoral neck fractures, but this method assumes symmetrical anatomy of normal femurs. The present study aimed to compare the spatial orientation of the left and right proximal femur, thus establishing if 3D models can be used as a reference standard for the evaluation of fracture displacement. METHODS: We generated 3D-CT-models of 20 patients with no skeletal pathology of the proximal femurs...
January 10, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320924/a-model-to-evaluate-pauwels-type-iii-femoral-neck-fractures
#10
Kevin M Magone, Jonas K Owen, Bernard P Kemker, Oliver Bloom, Sidney Martin, Patrick Atkinson
While many femoral neck fractures can be reliably treated with surgical intervention, Pauwels III femoral neck fractures in the young adult population continue to be a challenging injury, and there is no consensus on optimal treatment. As such, there are past and ongoing biomechanical studies to evaluate the fixation provided by different constructs for this inherently unstable fracture. While many investigations rely on cadavers to evaluate the biomechanical performance of a construct, significant inter-subject variability can confound the analysis...
January 1, 2018: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318091/nerve-blocks-in-the-geriatric-patient-with-hip-fracture-a-review-of-the-current-literature-and-relevant-neuroanatomy
#11
REVIEW
Nirav H Amin, Jacob A West, Travis Farmer, Hrayr G Basmajian
Introduction: Hip fracture is a common occurrence in the elderly population with high morbidity and mortality due to postoperative pain and opioid use. The goal of this article is to review the current literature on the neuroanatomy of the hip and the use of localized nerve block in controlling hip fracture pain. Methods: A thorough search of MEDLINE/PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews was conducted using the search terms "hip fracture" and "fascia iliaca block (FICB)...
December 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318087/treatment-with-helical-blade-cephalomedullary-nail-for-two-part-basicervical-proximal-femoral-fracture-in-elderly-patients-a-retrospective-observational-study
#12
Ichiro Okano, Takatoshi Sawada, Nobumasa Kushima, Tetsuya Tachibana, Katsunori Inagaki
Background: Basicervical proximal femoral fracture is a known subtype of extracapsular fracture and is mechanically unstable, especially for the rotational direction, which may lead to implant failure. A cephalomedullary nail (CMN) is widely used for the fixation of unstable extracapsular fracture; however, its application for basicervical fracture remains controversial. Helical blade CMN is proven to have more rotational stability than traditional lag screw implants and potentially advantageous in the treatment of basicervical fracture...
December 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318083/a-missed-opportunity-in-bone-health-vitamin-d-and-calcium-use-in-elderly-femoral-neck-fracture-patients-following-arthroplasty
#13
Sheila Sprague, Kim Madden, Gerard Slobogean, Brad Petrisor, Jonathan D Rick Adachi, Earl Bogoch, Ydo V Kleinlugtenbelt, Mohit Bhandari
Introduction: Introduction: Adequate calcium and vitamin D from diet and supplementation is recommended for elderly hip fracture patients. Using data from the multinational hip fracture arthroplasty trial (HEALTH), we determined the proportion of patients who consistently took vitamin D and calcium and which characteristics/prescribing practices were associated with consistency of supplement use. Methods: HEALTH is a multicenter randomized trial of elderly hip fracture patients treated with hemi-arthroplasty and total hip arthroplasty...
December 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318081/-hidden-preoperative-blood-loss-with-extracapsular-versus-intracapsular-hip-fractures-what-is-the-difference
#14
Katharine D Harper, Paul Navo, Frederick Ramsey, Sainabou Jallow, Saqib Rehman
Purpose: Excessive blood loss with hip fracture management has been shown to result in increased rates of complications. Our goal is to compare blood loss and transfusion rates between patients with intracapsular and extracapsular (both intertrochanteric (IT) and subtrochanteric (ST)) hip fractures. Methods: 472 patients were evaluated over a five-year period. Those who presented to the hospital with a proximal femur fracture (femoral neck, IT or ST) were considered for the study...
December 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318009/assessment-of-osteoporosis-using-the-frax-method-and-the-importance-of-vitamin-d-levels-in-copd-patients
#15
Ceyda Anar, Melike Yüksel Yavuz, Filiz Güldaval, Yelda Varol, Dilek Kalenci
Background: The aim of this paper was to evaluate the availability of FRAX for assessing osteoporosis risk, and to demonstrate the importance of vitamin D levels in COPD patients. Methods: Fourty-six males who fulfilled the COPD diagnostic criteria defined by GOLD were included. Age, race, BMI, physical activity frequency, smoking and dietary habits, age at COPD diagnosis, disease duration, fractures history, and medications use were determined. Levels of 25(OH)D were detected...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317680/exome-wide-rare-variant-analyses-of-two-bone-mineral-density-phenotypes-the-challenges-of-analyzing-rare-genetic-variation
#16
Jianping Sun, Karim Oualkacha, Vincenzo Forgetta, Hou-Feng Zheng, J Brent Richards, Daniel S Evans, Eric Orwoll, Celia M T Greenwood
Performance of a recently developed test for association between multivariate phenotypes and sets of genetic variants (MURAT) is demonstrated using measures of bone mineral density (BMD). By combining individual-level whole genome sequenced data from the UK10K study, and imputed genome-wide genetic data on individuals from the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (SOF) and the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men Study (MrOS), a data set of 8810 individuals was assembled; tests of association were performed between autosomal gene-sets of genetic variants and BMD measured at lumbar spine and femoral neck...
January 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316952/risk-factor-analysis-for-postoperative-complications-requiring-revision-surgery-after-transtrochanteric-rotational-osteotomy-for-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head
#17
Kazuyuki Karasuyama, Goro Motomura, Satoshi Ikemura, Jun-Ichi Fukushi, Satoshi Hamai, Kazuhiko Sonoda, Yusuke Kubo, Takuaki Yamamoto, Yasuharu Nakashima
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the risk factors for postoperative complications requiring revision surgery within 3 years after transtrochanteric rotational osteotomy (TRO) for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). METHODS: We reviewed 127 patients (147 hips) who underwent TRO (anterior or posterior rotational osteotomy) for ONFH between January 2002 and December 2014. Two patients were lost to follow-up, and five patients with progression of femoral head collapse requiring a salvage procedure such as total hip arthroplasty within 3 years after TRO were excluded...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315343/correction-the-treatment-of-femoral-neck-fracture-using-vegf-loaded-nanographene-coated-internal-fixation-screws
#18
Shuo Li, Hengfeng Yuan, Jianfeng Pan, Wenshuai Fan, Liang Zhu, Zuoqin Yan, Changan Guo
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0187447.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315169/health-benefits-of-an-innovative-exercise-program-for-mitochondrial-disorders
#19
Carmen Fiuza-Luces, Jorge Díez-Bermejo, Miguel Fernández-de la Torre, Gabriel Rodríguez-Romo, Paz Sanz-Ayán, Aitor Delmiro, Diego Munguía-Izquierdo, Irene Rodríguez-Gómez, Ignacio Ara, Cristina Domínguez-González, Joaquín Arenas, Miguel A Martín, Alejandro Lucia, María Morán
PURPOSE: We determined the effects of an innovative 8-week exercise intervention (aerobic, resistance and inspiratory muscle training) for patients with mitochondrial disease (MD). METHODS: Several endpoints were assessed in 12 patients (19-59 years, 4 female) at pre-training, post-training and after 4-week detraining: aerobic power, muscle strength/power and maximal inspiratory pressure (main endpoints), ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL), body composition, quality of life and blood myokines (secondary endpoints)...
January 8, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314250/inhibition-of-camkk2-enhances-fracture-healing-by-stimulating-indian-hedgehog-signaling-and-accelerating-endochondral-ossification
#20
Justin N Williams, Anuradha Valiya Kambrath, Roshni B Patel, Kyung Shin Kang, Elsa Mével, Yong Li, Ying-Hua Cheng, Austin J Pucylowski, Mariah A Hassert, Michael J Voor, Melissa A Kacena, William R Thompson, Stuart J Warden, David B Burr, Matthew R Allen, Alexander G Robling, Uma Sankar
Approximately ten percent of all bone fractures do not heal, resulting in patient morbidity and healthcare costs. However, no pharmacological treatments are currently available to promote efficient bone healing. Inhibition of Ca2+ /calmodulin (CaM)-dependent protein kinase kinase 2 (CaMKK2) reverses age-associated loss of trabecular and cortical bone volume and strength in mice. In the current study, we investigated the role of CaMKK2 in bone fracture healing and show that its pharmacological inhibition using STO-609 accelerates early cellular and molecular events associated with endochondral ossification, resulting in a more rapid and efficient healing of the fracture...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
keyword
keyword
116876
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"