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Femoral fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431409/outcomes-of-hemiarthroplasty-and-total-hip-arthroplasty-for-femoral-neck-fracture-a-medicare-cohort-study
#1
Zhong Wang, Timothy Bhattacharyya
OBJECTIVES: For patients with femoral neck fractures, total hip arthroplasty (THA) demonstrates superior outcomes compared with hemiarthroplasty. However, hemiarthroplasty remains a common treatment for femoral neck fractures and the conversion rates are unknown. We compared the results of the 2 procedures using a Medicare database. METHODS: We assembled a cohort of 70,242 patients 65 to 90 years of age with an ICD9 diagnosis and matching Current Procedure Terminology code for femoral neck fracture between 2008 and 2012...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426535/frailty-in-hiv-infected-people-a-new-risk-factor-for-bone-mineral-density-loss
#2
Sylvie Bregigeon, Anne Galinier, Olivia Zaegel-Faucher, Carla E Cano, Véronique Obry, Hélène Laroche, Sophie Trijau, Armelle Saout, Isabelle Poizot-Martin
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the association between bone mineral density (BMD) and frailty in a cohort of HIV-infected patients. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study in an HIV outpatient unit where nearly 1,000 patients are monitored. METHODS: Subjects undergoing bone densitometry were proposed an evaluation of frailty using criteria of the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) and the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (SOF). Frailty markers (FM) were weight-loss, self-reported exhaustion, physical activity, grip strength, chair stands, and slow gait...
April 19, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426259/the-sernbo-score-predicts-1-year-mortality-after-displaced-femoral-neck-fractures-treated-with-a-hip-arthroplasty
#3
Carl Mellner, Thomas Eisler, Johannes Börsbo, Cyrus Brodén, Per Morberg, Sebastian Mukka
Background and purpose - Displaced femoral neck fractures (FNFs) are associated with high rates of mortality during the first postoperative year. The Sernbo score (based on age, habitat, mobility, and mental state) can be used to stratify patients into groups with different 1-year mortality. We assessed this predictive ability in patients with a displaced FNF treated with a hemiarthroplasty or a total hip arthroplasty. Patients and methods - 292 patients (median age 83 (65-99) years, 68% female) with a displaced FNF were included in this prospective cohort study...
April 20, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425086/the-clinical-benefits-of-denosumab-for-prophylaxis-of-steroid-induced-osteoporosis-in-patients-with-pulmonary-disease
#4
Shigeo Ishiguro, Kentaro Ito, Shigenori Nakagawa, Osamu Hataji, Akihiro Sudo
Previous reports demonstrated that bone density decreased rapidly during the initial few months of steroid therapy and continued decreasing at a rate of 2 to 4% annually. Our data indicates that denosumab can also play a role in the treatment of osteoporosis in the steroid-taking population. INTRODUCTION: Respiratory physicians are often faced with the dilemma that long-term steroid use will deteriorate bone mineral density and quality. Previous reports demonstrated that bone density decreased 8 to 12% during the initial few months of steroid therapy then continued decreasing at a rate of 2 to 4% annually...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424914/association-of-femoral-head-and-acetabular-fractures-on-computerized-tomography-correlation-with-the-judet-letournel-classification
#5
Nicholas M Beckmann, Naga R Chinapuvvula, Chunyan Cai
PURPOSE: Tha aims of this study were to identify the incidence of femoral head fractures in the setting of acetabular fractures and to determine the relationship between acetabular fracture pattern, the degree of acetabular fracture displacement, and the incidence of femoral head fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of 274 patients with 300 acetabular fractures diagnosed on pelvic CT. Acetabular fractures were categorized using the Judet-Letournel classification system...
April 19, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422848/teriparatide-as-a-nonoperative-treatment-for-tibial-and-femoral-fracture-nonunion-a-case-report
#6
Li Xiaofeng, Xu Daxia, Chen Yunzhen
RATIONALE: Fracture nonunion is a great challenge for orthopedic surgeons. Many surgical interventions are associated with significant pain and heavy economic burden. Therefore, our aim was to evaluate the outcomes of a new nonoperative treatment for fracture nonunion. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 44-year-old man suffered closed fractures of the right tibia and left femur. Eleven months after surgery, there was no radiographic healing between fracture fragments. DIAGNOSES: Fracture nonunion of the right tibia and left femur...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422356/bilateral-femoral-neck-fractures-resulting-from-pregnancy-associated-osteoporosis-showed-bone-marrow-edema-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#7
Kyoko Kasahara, Nobuyuki Kita, Taku Kawasaki, Shinsuke Morisaki, Hiroko Yomo, Takashi Murakami
Femoral neck fractures resulting from pregnancy-associated osteoporosis is a rare condition. Herein, we report an undoubted case of pregnancy-associated osteoporosis in a 38-year-old primiparous patient with pre-existing anorexia nervosa who suffered bilateral femoral neck fractures in the third trimester and early post-partum period. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed femoral neck fractures as well as diffuse marrow edema involving both femoral heads, which are considered under ordinary circumstances as characteristic imaging findings of transient osteoporosis of the hip...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421263/bone-mineral-density-and-fracture-risk-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-meta-analysis
#8
Cara Pray, Neelufor Irene Feroz, Nisha Nigil Haroon
We conducted a meta-analysis of studies to examine the risk of vertebral and non-vertebral fractures in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Additionally, we evaluated the risk factors of vertebral fractures in AS. Two authors independently searched Embase and Medline for studies that had assessed the risk of fractures in patients with AS. Twenty-two studies were eligible for the meta-analysis. Patients with AS had high frequency of vertebral fractures [OR (95% CI): 1.96 (1.52-2.51)]. Major risk factors for vertebral fractures in patients with AS include low BMD at the femoral neck and total hip, male gender, longer disease duration, higher BASDAI, higher BASRI, and possibly inflammatory bowel disease...
April 18, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417681/proximal-femoral-nail-antirotation-versus-dynamic-hip-screw-fixation-for-treatment-of-osteoporotic-type-31-a1-intertrochanteric-femoral-fractures-in-elderly-patients
#9
Xianshang Zeng, Nan Zhang, Dan Zeng, Lili Zhang, Ping Xu, Lei Cao, Weiguang Yu, Ke Zhan, Xinchao Zhang
Objective To evaluate long-term radiographic and functional outcomes between dynamic hip screw (DHS) and proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) fixation for treatment of osteoporotic type 31-A1 intertrochanteric femoral fractures (IFFs) among elderly patients Methods A retrospective comparative study was carried out. Follow-up was performed at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months postoperatively and yearly thereafter. The primary outcome was the radiographic outcome, and the secondary outcome was the functional outcome...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416924/comparison-of-second-and-third-generation-nails-in-the-treatment-of-intertrochanteric-fracture-screws-versus-helical-blades
#10
Mert Kumbaraci, Levent Karapinar, Ali Turgut
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the radiological and functional outcomes of anti-rotation trochanteric nails (ATNs) with proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) in the treatment of intertrochanteric femur fractures in elderly patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 165 intertrochanteric fractures were treated between January 2007 and January 2010. One hundred forty patients were included. The operation time, amount of blood loss, fluoroscopy screening time, and length of hospitalization were recorded...
February 2017: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416831/-morphology-character-and-reduction-methods-of-sagittally-unstable-intertrochanteric-fractures
#11
S Zhang, J Y Zhang, D M Yang, M Yang, P X Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the morphology character of sagittally unstable intertrochanteric fractures and reduction methods. METHODS: A retrospective study was used to analyze the clinical data of sagittally unstable intertrochanteric fractures cases, which were treated with proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) fixation from March 2009 to June 2016. In the study, 36 cases were followed up completely, in which 17 cases accepted open reduction, and the other 19 cases accepted minimally invasive reduction...
April 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416828/-application-of-bilateral-direct-anterior-approach-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-report-of-22-cases
#12
J Tang, M Lv, Y X Zhou, J Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the operation technique and the methods to avoid early complications on the learning curve for bilateral direct anterior approach (DAA) total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: We retrospectively studied a series of continued cases with bilateral avascular necrosis of the femoral head (AVN) or degenerative dysplastic hip and rheumatoid arthritis that were treated by DAA THA in Beijing Jishuitan Hospital. A total of 22 patients with 44 hips were analyzed from June 2014 to August 2016 in this study...
April 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416826/-surgical-technique-and-early-clinical-outcomes-of-direct-anterior-approach-to-total-hip-arthroplasty
#13
M Lv, J Q Zhang, X S Wang, Y Huang, W Li, C Y Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To describe the surgical technique of direct anterior approach to total hip arthroplasty and to report the early clinical outcomes. METHODS: A series of 100 consecutive, unselected patients who had 116 primary total hip arthroplasty surgeries (16 bilateral) done through direct anterior approach from March 11 2015 to June 21 2016 was reviewed. There were 50 male patients and 50 female patients. The average patient age was 51 years, and the average body mass index was 24...
April 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415025/unusual-combination-of-femoral-head-dislocation-associated-acetabular-fracture-with-multipart-femoral-fractures-case-report
#14
Erdal Uzun, Ali Eray Günay, İbrahim Karaman
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic hip dislocation associated with femur intertrocanteric fracture is a rare and severe injury and it frequently occurs following a high energy trauma, Associated acetabular fractures with this injury are even more rare and potentially cause devastating consequences including avascular necrosis of the femoral head and subsequent early secondary osteoarthritis of the hip joint. PRESENTATION OF CASE: In this case report, we present a 20year old polytraumatized patient with traumatic hip dislocation associated with ipsilateral acetabulum fracture and simultaneous fractures of the ipsilateral femur...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413494/preoperative-qct-assessment-of-femoral-head-for-assessment-of-femoral-head-bone-loss
#15
Chen Yi, Manyi Wang, Jie Wei, Jun Wang, Ling Wang, Xiaoguang Cheng
We quantified differences in trabecular volumetric bone mineral density (BMD) of the femoral head between patients with proximal femoral fractures and healthy subjects in the control group by using quantitative computed tomography (QCT) with the purpose of providing guidance for the choice of head screw in the intramedullary nail fixation. Participants suffering from intertrochanteric fractures (n=536 patients) were recruited. In addition, 497 fracture-free, age-matched cases were considered as the control group...
April 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413385/calciphylaxis-presenting-with-various-symptoms-a-case-report
#16
Shinpei Miura, Kazuhiro Takahashi, Toshihide Akasaka
Calciphylaxis causes ischemia in multiple organs and skin ulcers owing to progressive calcification in small and medial arteries. It has a poor prognosis and often occurs in patients with hyperparathyroidism associated with end-stage renal failure and those undergoing hemodialysis. Here, we present a case of calciphylaxis associated with a wide range of symptoms, including lower thigh skin ulcers, a rectovaginal fistula, and femoral neck fracture. The patient underwent multiple treatments. However, she eventually died of cardiac failure...
January 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410835/modified-extended-trochanteric-osteotomy-for-the-treatment-of-vancouver-b2-b3-periprosthetic-fractures-of-the-femur
#17
Andreas Ladurner, Pia Zurmühle, Vilijam Zdravkovic, Karl Grob
BACKGROUND: Femoral component revision is the treatment of choice for Vancouver type B2/B3 periprosthetic femur fractures (PFFs). The purpose of this study was to report the clinical outcome of revision total hip arthroplasty with the use of a modified extended trochanteric osteotomy (ETO) in PFF treatment. METHODS: A total of 43 cases between 2000 and 2014 were analyzed. Clinical and radiographic evaluation was performed with a mean follow-up of 40 months. Patient survival after revision surgery, complications, radiographic outcomes, and quality of life and hip function were assessed...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410753/retrospective-review-of-patients-with-atypical-bisphosphonate-related-proximal-femoral-fractures
#18
H K Phillips, S J Harrison, H Akrawi, S A Sidhom
INTRODUCTION: Patients may be at an increased risk of atypical proximal femoral fractures with prolonged bisphosphonate use. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective review of patients who sustained a subtrochanteric fracture of the femur in our department between April 2009 and March 2014. The radiographs were reviewed for features of atypical femoral fractures as described by the American Society of Bone Mineral Research. RESULTS: 185 patients were coded according to the National Hip Fracture Database as having sustained a subtrochanteric fracture of the femur...
April 4, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409215/high-and-pointed-type-of-femoral-localized-reaction-frequently-extends-to-complete-and-incomplete-atypical-femoral-fracture-in-patients-with-autoimmune-diseases-on-long-term-glucocorticoids-and-bisphosphonates
#19
H Sato, N Kondo, T Nakatsue, Y Wada, J Fujisawa, J J Kazama, T Kuroda, Y Suzuki, M Nakano, N Endo, I Narita
Once a localized reaction (beaking) was detected, discontinuation of bisphosphonates (BPs) and switching to vitamin D supplementation or teriparatide therapy effectively improved its shape. When the localized reaction was high, of the pointed type, and/or accompanied by prodromal pain, the risks of complete and incomplete atypical femoral fracture increased and consideration of prophylactic fixation for such patients was required. INTRODUCTION: Femoral localized reaction (localized periosteal thickening of the lateral cortex, beaking) is reported to precede atypical femoral fractures (AFFs) and to develop in 8-10% of patients with autoimmune diseases taking BPs and glucocorticoids...
April 13, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408276/low-serum-concentrations-of-irisin-are-associated-with-increased-risk-of-hip-fracture-in-chinese-older-women
#20
Jun Yan, Hai-Juan Liu, Wei-Chun Guo, Jian Yang
OBJECTIVE: Irisin derived from muscle in response to exercise may be the molecular entity responsible for muscle wasting-osteoporosis connectivity in the elderly. The objective of the study was to determine whether serum Irisin (sIrisin) provides information on hip fracture prediction which were independent of bone mineral density (BMD) and the fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX) algorithm. METHODS: This study enrolled 160 older women (ages, 70-90 y) with minimal trauma hip fractures (MTHFs) and 160 age-matched women without fracture serving as controls...
April 10, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
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