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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110514/the-relationship-of-sport-participation-to-provision-of-sports-facilities-and-socioeconomic-status-a-geographical-analysis
#1
Rochelle M Eime, Jack Harvey, Melanie J Charity, Meghan Casey, Hans Westerbeek, Warren R Payne
OBJECTIVE: Ecological models have been applied to investigate multiple domains influencing physical activity behaviour, including individual, social, organisational, community, environmental and policy factors. With regard to the built environment, research to date has been limited to small geographical areas and/or small samples of participants. This study examined the geographical association between provision of sport facilities and participation in sport across an entire Australian state, using objective total enumerations of both, for a group of sports, with adjustment for the effect of socioeconomic status (SES)...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110510/access-equity-and-costs-of-induced-abortion-services-in-australia-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Mridula Shankar, Kirsten I Black, Philip Goldstone, Safeera Hussainy, Danielle Mazza, Kerry Petersen, Jayne Lucke, Angela Taft
OBJECTIVES: To examine access and equity to induced abortion services in Australia, including factors associated with presenting beyond nine weeks gestation. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 2,326 women aged 16+ years attending for an abortion at 14 Dr Marie clinics. Associations with later presentation assessed using multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: Over a third of eligible women opted for a medical abortion. More than one in 10 (11...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110492/what-are-the-determinants-of-food-security-among-regional-and-remote-western-australian-children
#3
Stephanie L Godrich, Christina R Davies, Jill Darby, Amanda Devine
OBJECTIVE: To explore how determinants of food security affect children in regional and remote Western Australia (WA), across food availability, access and utilisation dimensions. METHODS: The Determinants of Food Security framework guided the thematic analysis (using NVivo 10) of semi-structured interviews with 20 key informants. RESULTS: Food availability factors included availability, price, promotion, quality, location of outlets and variety...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110488/examining-mortality-and-rejection-in-combined-heart-lung-transplantations
#4
Sagar Kadakia, Sharven Taghavi, Senthil Jayarajan, Vishnu Ambur, Grayson Wheatley, Larry Kaiser, Yoshiya Toyoda
Background There is a paucity of data on outcomes related to combined heart-lung transplantations (HLTs). Our objective was to identify variables associated with mortality and rejection in HLT. Methods The United Network for Organ Sharing database was reviewed for HLT performed between 1993 and 2008. Long-term survivors (survival > 5 years) were compared with short-term survivors (survival < 5 years). Factors associated with rejection were examined. Risk-adjusted multivariable Cox's proportional hazards regression analysis was performed to examine variables associated with mortality and rejection...
January 22, 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110487/the-use-of-bilateral-internal-mammary-artery-grafting-in-different-degrees-of-obesity
#5
Yasser Y Hegazy, Wael Hassanein, Jürgen Ennker, Noha Keshk, Stefan Bauer, Ralf Sodian
Background Obesity is a limiting factor for the use of bilateral internal mammary arteries (BIMAs). Therefore, we assessed the safety of their use in different degrees of obesity. Patients and Methods We studied two groups of patients with obesity using propensity matching. The first group received single internal mammary artery and saphenous vein grafts (SIMA group, 526 patients) and the second group received bilateral internal mammary arteries (BIMA group, 526 patients). Patients were classified further according to their body mass index (BMI) into overweight (BMI = 25-29...
January 22, 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110485/are-obese-patients-at-an-increased-risk-of-pelvic-floor-dysfunction-compared-to-non-obese-patients
#6
Isaac José Felippe Corrêa Neto, Rodrigo Ambar Pinto, José Marcio Neves Jorge, Marco Aurélio Santo, Leonardo Alfonso Bustamante-Lopez, Ivan Cecconello, Sérgio Carlos Nahas
PURPOSE: Factors associated with increased intra-abdominal pressure such as chronic cough, morbid obesity, and constipation may be related to pelvic floor dysfunction. In this study, we compared anorectal manometry values and clinical data of class II and III morbidly obese patients referred to bariatric surgery with that of non-obese patients. METHODS: We performed a case-matched study between obese patients referred to bariatric surgery and non-obese patients without anorectal complaints...
January 21, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110481/pregnancy-associated-transient-osteoporosis-of-the-hip-results-of-a-case-control-study
#7
Peyman Hadji, Jelena Boekhoff, Melitta Hahn, Lars Hellmeyer, Olaf Hars, Ioannis Kyvernitakis
: The etiology and underlying mechanisms of transient of osteoporosis of the hip (TOH) during pregnancy are still unclear, since no systematic analyses exist. Our results support the hypothesis that TOH is a multifactorial disease, which is associated with immobility, dental problems, and lack of exercise in childhood. INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy-associated transient osteoporosis of the hip (TOH) is a rare but severe form of osteoporosis, which may affect a subgroup of women in the last trimester of pregnancy or immediately postpartum...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110469/is-diabetic-skeletal-fragility-associated-with-microvascular-complications-in-bone
#8
REVIEW
Roberto Jose Fajardo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objective of this literature review is to determine whether there are indications that microvascular complications occur in diabetic bone. Evidence definitively linking diabetic skeletal fragility with microvascular complications in bone remains elusive. RECENT FINDINGS: Circumstantial evidence, some recent and some lost to time, suggests that atherosclerotic vascular diseases such as peripheral arterial disease cause poor blood perfusion of bone and subsequent hypoxia and contribute to low bone density and high cortical porosity, patterns similar to some recently observed in diabetic subjects...
January 21, 2017: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110464/alexithymia-in-people-with-subjective-cognitive-decline-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-mild-alzheimer-s-disease
#9
Mehmet Yuruyen, Fundan Engin Akcan, Gizem Cetiner Batun, Gozde Gultekin, Mesut Toprak, Hakan Yavuzer, Murat Emul
BACKGROUND: Behavioral and psychological symptoms are widely accepted as accelerator factors in progression to dementia. Although alexithymia is closely related to normal aging process and poor neurocognitive performance, alexithymia has not been included in these symptoms yet. AIMS: Here, we aimed to investigate alexithymia features in people with prominent clinical memory complaints. METHODS: The participants (n = 82) were classified into three groups as: subjective cognitive decline (n = 30), mild cognitive impairment (n = 27), and mild Alzheimer's disease (n = 25) after Mini-Mental State Examination, Clinical Dementia Rating Scale, neuropsychological test battery, Geriatric Depression Scale, and Hachinski Ischemic Scale...
January 21, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110455/influence-of-environmental-and-anthropogenic-factors-at-the-bottom-sediments-in-a-doce-river-tributary-in-brazil
#10
Deyse Almeida Dos Reis, Aníbal da Fonseca Santiago, Laura Pereira Nascimento, Hubert Mathias Peter Roeser
In developing countries, it is uncommon to find watersheds that have been the object of detailed environmental studies. It makes the assessment of the magnitude of environmental impacts and pollution of these sites difficult. This research demonstrated ways to understand the dynamics of river bottom sediments contamination, even for watersheds with a lack of environmental data. Based on geochemical affinity, we conducted a comprehensive study on the concentration of metals and metalloids. Then, we discussed the probable origin of the concentration of these elements at the bottom sediment along the Matipó River...
January 22, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110453/update-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-cholangiocarcinoma
#11
REVIEW
Bryan Doherty, Vinod E Nambudiri, William C Palmer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cholangiocarcinoma is a rare biliary adenocarcinoma associated with poor outcomes. Cholangiocarcinoma is subdivided into extrahepatic and intrahepatic variants. Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma is then further differentiated into (1) peripheral mass-forming tumors and (2) central periductal infiltrating tumors. We aimed to review the currently known risk factors, diagnostic tools, and treatment options, as well as highlight the need for further clinical trials and research to improve overall survival rates...
January 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110442/correlates-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-young-old-and-old-old-community-dwelling-older-adults
#12
Élvio R Quintal Gouveia, Bruna R Gouveia, Andreas Ihle, Matthias Kliegel, José A Maia, Sergi Bermudez I Badia, Duarte L Freitas
PURPOSE: This study aimed (1) to examine the role of potential correlates of HRQoL in a large representative sample of older adults, and (2) to investigate whether the relationships between HRQoL and potential factors differ as a function of HRQoL component (physical vs. mental) and/or age cohort (young-old vs. old-old). METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 802 older adults aged 60-79 years old. HRQoL was assessed using the SF-36 questionnaire. Functional fitness was assessed using the Senior Fitness Test...
January 21, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110441/human-cryptosporidiosis-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Reza Berahmat, Adel Spotin, Ehsan Ahmadpour, Mahmoud Mahami-Oskouei, Azim Rezamand, Nayyereh Aminisani, Morteza Ghojazadeh, Roghayeh Ghoyounchi, Tahereh Mikaeili-Galeh
Cryptosporidiosis caused by Cryptosporidium spp. is an important parasitic disease that can be life-threatening for children and immunocompromised patients. This systematic review and meta-analysis was designed to determine the prevalence rate of Cryptosporidium infection and related risk factors among the Iranian general population. We searched electronic databases including Google Scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus and Proquest for articles in English and SID, Magiran, IranMedex, and IranDoc for articles in Persian...
January 21, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110439/combination-of-interleukin-1-polymorphism-and-helicobacter-pylori-infection-an-increased-risk-of-gastric-cancer-in-pakistani-population
#14
Yasir Raza, Adnan Khan, Asif Iqbal Khan, Saeed Khan, Shakeel Akhter, Muhammad Mubarak, Ayaz Ahmed, Shahana Urooj Kazmi
Helicobacter pylori is one of the major risk factors involved in the development ofgastritis and gastric cancer (GC). H. pylori infection leads to increased production of pro-inflammatory cytokines by the host. Carriage of specific polymorphisms in cytokine genes may be associated with host susceptibility to the development of GC. We investigated the role of host genetic factors including polymorphisms of IL-1B and IL-1RN in correlation with gastritis and GC in H. pylori infected Pakistani population. A total of 230 gastritis cases and 100 GC cases were genotyped for IL 1B-511 and IL-1RN penta-allelic variable number of tandem repeats (VNTRs)...
January 21, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110427/evaluation-of-inos-icam-1-and-vcam-1-gene-expression-a-study-of-adult-t-cell-leukemia-malignancy-associated-with-htlv-1
#15
Mahdokht Jafarian, Sayed-Hamidreza Mozhgani, Elham Patrad, Hamidreza Vaziri, Seyed Abdolrahim Rezaee, Mohammad Mehdi Aakbarin, Mehdi Norouzi
The main aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) as host factors, and proviral load as the viral parameter, in adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) individuals and healthy carrier (HC(s)) groups. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from ATLL patients (n = 17) and HC subjects (as the control group, n = 17) were evaluated using real-time PCR to determine the levels of HTLV-1 proviral load and mRNA expression of ICAM, VCAM-1, and iNOS...
January 21, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110426/influenza-a-virus-upregulates-prpf8-gene-expression-to-increase-virus-production
#16
Chee-Hing Yang, Hui-Chun Li, Yu-Ling Shiu, Tzu-Shan Ku, Chia-Wen Wang, Yi-Shuan Tu, Hung-Ling Chen, Cheng-Hao Wu, Shih-Yen Lo
A ddRT-PCR analysis was performed to detect cellular genes that are differentially expressed after influenza A virus (H1N1) infection of A549 cells. After ddRT-PCR, eight DNA fragments were identified. PRPF8, one of the cellular genes that were upregulated after virus infection, was further analyzed since it has previously been identified as a cellular factor required for influenza virus replication. The upregulation of PRPF8 gene expression after viral infection was confirmed using real-time RT-PCR for mRNA detection and Western blot analysis for protein detection...
January 21, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110420/the-availability-and-marginal-costs-of-dependent-employer-sponsored-health-insurance
#17
G Edward Miller, Jessica Vistnes, Matthew Buettgens, Lisa Dubay
In this study, we examine differences by firm size in the availability of dependent coverage and the incremental cost of such coverage. We use data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey - Insurance Component (MEPS-IC) to show that among employees eligible for single coverage, dependent coverage was almost always available for employees in large firms (100 or more employees) but not in smaller firms, particularly those with fewer than 10 employees. In addition, when dependent coverage was available, eligible employees in smaller firms were more likely than employees in large firms to face two situations that represented the extremes of the incremental cost distribution: (1) they paid nothing for single or family coverage or (2) they paid nothing for single coverage but faced a high contribution for family coverage...
January 21, 2017: Int J Health Econ Manag
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110409/body-mass-index-is-a-prognostic-factor-in-adult-patients-with-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#18
Taiki Ando, Etsuko Yamazaki, Eriko Ogusa, Yoshimi Ishii, Wataru Yamamoto, Kenji Motohashi, Takayoshi Tachibana, Maki Hagihara, Kenji Matsumoto, Masatsugu Tanaka, Chizuko Hashimoto, Hideyuki Koharazawa, Katsumichi Fujimaki, Jun Taguchi, Hiroyuki Fujita, Heiwa Kanamori, Shin Fujisawa, Hideaki Nakajima
Body mass index (BMI), which represents the proportion of weight to height, is a controversial prognostic factor for acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We evaluated prognostic value of BMI in Japanese AML. The study included 369 adult patients with newly diagnosed AML who were administered either daunorubicin or idarubicin with cytarabine as induction chemotherapy. The patients were categorized into two groups according to their BMI: the NW group (BMI < 25.0 kg/m(2); normal and underweight) and OW group (BMI ≥ 25...
January 21, 2017: International Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110402/muscular-atrophy-in-severe-cases-of-cubital-tunnel-syndrome-prognostic-factors-and-outcome-after-surgical-treatment
#19
Markus Bruder, Stephan Dützmann, Nourdin Rekkab, Johanna Quick, Volker Seifert, Gerhard Marquardt
BACKGROUND: Cubital tunnel syndrome (CuTS) is a frequent neuropathy, leading to sensor-motoric dysfunction. Many patients even present with muscular atrophy as a sign for severe and long-lasting nerve impairment, usually suggesting unfavourable outcome. We analysed if those patients benefit from surgical treatment on a long-term basis. METHODS: Between January 2010 and March 2015, 42 consecutive cases of CuTS with atrophy of the intrinsic hand muscles were surgically treated in our department...
January 21, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110396/application-of-%C3%AE-glucuronidase-gusa-as-an-effective-reporter-for-extremely-acidophilic-acidithiobacillus-ferrooxidans
#20
Huiyan Wang, Liangyan Fang, Qing Wen, Jianqun Lin, Xiangmei Liu
Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans is a model organism for investigating metal sulfide bioleaching. The regulatory mechanism of gene expression by metabolizing various substrates is critical for understanding its role in bioleaching processes. However, no reporter has been successfully employed to study gene expression in A. ferrooxidans to date. In this study, a sensitive and robust reporter system based on β-glucuronidase (GusA) was described for feasible application in A. ferrooxidans. A set of vectors, which contained the transcriptional and translational fusions of gusA, were constructed and employed to analyze promoter activity and efficiency of translation initiation in A...
January 21, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
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