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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920821/protective-effect-of-vitamin-c-vitamin-b12-and-omega-3-on-lead-induced-memory-impairment-in-rat
#1
Saeedeh Alsadat Moosavirad, Mohammad Rabbani, Mohammad Sharifzadeh, Ali Hosseini-Sharifabad
Lead belongs to the heavy metal group and is considered as an environmental contaminant. Acute or chronic contact to lead can change the physiological function of human organs. One of the most important disorders following the lead exposure is neurotoxicity. Lead neurotoxicity consists of the neurobehavioral disturbances like cognitive impairment. The aim of the current study is to evaluate the possible protective effect of vitamin C (Vit C), vitamin B12 (Vit B12), omega 3 (ω-3), or their combination on the lead-induced memory disorder...
October 2016: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897391/a-systematic-review-on-the-role-of-vitamins-minerals-proteins-and-other-supplements-for-the-treatment-of-cachexia-in-cancer-a-european-palliative-care-research-centre-cachexia-project
#2
REVIEW
Mochamat, Henning Cuhls, Milka Marinova, Stein Kaasa, Christiane Stieber, Rupert Conrad, Lukas Radbruch, Martin Mücke
We provide a systematic review to support the European Palliative Care Research Collaboration development of clinical guidelines for cancer patients suffering from cachexia. CENTRAL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, ClinicalTrials.gov, and a selection of cancer journals have been searched up until 15 April 2016. The systematic literature research yielded 4214 publications with 21 of these included in the final evaluation. Regarding minerals, our search identified only one study examining the use of magnesium with no effect on weight loss...
July 20, 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880928/determination-of-red-blood-cell-fatty-acid-profiles-rapid-and-high-confident-analysis-by-chemical-ionization-gas-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#3
Yvonne Schober, Hans Günther Wahl, Harald Renz, Wolfgang Andreas Nockher
Cellular fatty acid (FA) profiles have been acknowledged as biomarkers in various human diseases. Nevertheless, common FA analysis by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) requires long analysis time. Hence, there is a need for feasible methods for high throughput analysis in clinical studies. FA was extracted from red blood cells (RBC) and derivatized to fatty acid methyl esters (FAME). A method using gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS) with ammonia-induced chemical ionization (CI) was developed for the analysis of FA profiles in human RBC...
November 13, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817918/a-randomized-double-masked-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial-of-two-forms-of-omega-3-supplements-for-treating-dry-eye-disease
#4
Laura A Deinema, Algis J Vingrys, Chinn Yi Wong, David C Jackson, Holly R Chinnery, Laura E Downie
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of 2 forms of oral long-chain omega-3 (ω-3) essential fatty acid (EFA) supplements, phospholipid (krill oil) and triacylglyceride (fish oil), for treating dry eye disease (DED). DESIGN: Randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: This study was conducted at a single site and involved 60 participants with mild to moderate DED who were randomized (1:1:1) to 1 of 3 groups: placebo (olive oil), krill oil, or fish oil supplements...
November 3, 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812381/associations-between-omega-fatty-acid-consumption-and-depressive-symptoms-among-individuals-seeking-behavioural-weight-loss-treatment
#5
Anna K Luke, E Whitney Evans, Dale S Bond, J Graham Thomas
OBJECTIVE: The typical Western diet is deficient in omega-3 and high in omega-6 fatty acids (FAs). These FAs may play a role in depressive symptoms via inflammatory processes, especially in the context of obesity, a pro-inflammatory state. This study investigated associations between omega-3 and omega-6 FA intake and depressive symptoms in adults seeking behavioural weight loss treatment (BWLT). METHODS: One hundred eighty-eight persons with overweight or obesity (83...
March 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797641/effect-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-dietary-supplementation-on-ocular-surface-and-tear-film-in-diabetic-patients-with-dry-eye
#6
Constantine D Georgakopoulos, Olga E Makri, Dionisios Pagoulatos, Panagiotis Vasilakis, Politimi Peristeropoulou, Vasiliki Kouli, Maria I Eliopoulou, Caterina Psachoulia
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids on ocular surface and tear film in patients with type 2 diabetes suffering from dry eye. METHODS: Thirty-six patients suffering from type 2 diabetes and moderate to severe dry eye syndrome were included in the study. Patients were assigned to receive omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids for 3 months. Tear film break-up time test, Schirmer-I test, and conjunctival impression cytology analysis were performed on all patients at baseline and after 1 and 3 months...
October 31, 2016: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721230/potential-effects-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-on-insulin-resistance-and-lipid-profile-in-maintenance-hemodialysis-patients-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#7
Afshin Gharekhani, Simin Dashti-Khavidaki, Mahboob Lessan-Pezeshki, Mohammad-Reza Khatami
INTRODUCTION: Insulin resistance (IR), a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality, is prevalent among maintenance hemodialysis patients. Effects of omega-3 fatty acids on IR in hemodialysis patients have not been well understood. This study aimed to determine the effects of omega-3 fatty acids on IR and serum lipids of hemodialysis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-four adult patients on hemodialysis were randomly assigned to receive either 1800 mg of omega-3 fatty acids or placebo daily for 4 months...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701160/cognitive-impairment-is-associated-with-a-low-omega-3-index-in-the-elderly-results-from-the-kora-age-study
#8
Karoline Lukaschek, Clemens von Schacky, Johannes Kruse, Karl-Heinz Ladwig
BACKGROUND: Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) may affect the risk of cognitive decline in older adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis was conducted among 720 (50.4% women) participants aged 68-92 years (mean age: 77.6, SD ±6.2) of the population-based KORA-Age study. Eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid (omega-3 index) were measured in erythrocytes as a percentage of total fatty acids. The categories low (<5.7), intermediate (5.7-6.8), and high (>6...
2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690699/serum-lipid-profile-and-fatty-acid-composition-of-erythrocyte-phospholipids-in-children-and-adolescents-with-primary-hyperlipidemia
#9
Valeria Deon, Cristian Del Bò, Federica Guaraldi, Giorgio Gargari, Andrea Bosusco, Paolo Simonetti, Patrizia Riso, Ornella Guardamagna
This study aimed at characterizing the fatty acid (FA) composition of red blood cell (RBC) phospholipids in children and adolescents with primary hyperlipidemia, and to ascertain potential association with serum lipid profile and dietary factors. At this purpose, 54 probands aged 6-17 years were recruited. Subjects showed a low omega-3 index (eicosapentaenoic acid, EPA + docosahexaenoic acid, DHA <4%). Compared to males, females had a trend toward lower levels of total monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) and MUFA/saturated fatty acids (SFAs) ratio in RBCs...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680989/do-%C3%AF-3-pufas-affect-insulin-resistance-in-a-sex-specific-manner-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
Kylie A Abbott, Tracy L Burrows, Rohith N Thota, Shamasunder Acharya, Manohar L Garg
BACKGROUND: Evidence has suggested that omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) improve obesity-induced insulin resistance (IR); however, results from human intervention trials have been equivocal. Recently it has been reported that n-3 PUFA status is inversely associated with type 2 diabetes in women but not in men, suggesting a sex-dependent effect. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether n-3 PUFA interventions affect IR in a sex-dependent manner. DESIGN: Five databases were searched (Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, Scopus, and Pre-Medline) for randomized controlled trials...
November 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651787/effects-of-omega-3-fatty-acid-in-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-meta-analysis
#11
Wenxia Lu, Sainan Li, Jingjing Li, Jianrong Wang, Rong Zhang, Yuqing Zhou, Qin Yin, Yuanyuan Zheng, Fan Wang, Yujing Xia, Kan Chen, Tong Liu, Jie Lu, Yingqun Zhou, Chuanyong Guo
A meta-analysis was conducted to assess the effect of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation (n-3 PUFAs) in lowering liver fat, liver enzyme (alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) levels), and blood lipids (triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein (HDL), and low density lipoprotein (LDL)) in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) or nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Methods. MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, Science Citation Index (ISI Web of Science), Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) were searched for relevant randomized controlled trials on the effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in patients with NAFLD from inception to May 2015...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647503/fatty-acids-characterization-oxidative-perspectives-and-consumer-acceptability-of-oil-extracted-from-pre-treated-chia-salvia-hispanica-l-seeds
#12
Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Nadeem, Muhammad Faisal Manzoor, Amna Javed, Zafar Ali, Muhammad Nadeem Akhtar, Muhammad Ali, Yasir Hussain
BACKGROUND: Chia (Salvia hispanica L.) seeds have been described as a good source of lipids, protein, dietary fiber, polyphenolic compounds and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. The consumption of chia seed oil helps to improve biological markers related to metabolic syndrome diseases. The oil yield and fatty acids composition of chia oil is affected by several factors such as pre-treatment method and size reduction practices. Therefore, the main mandate of present investigate was to study the effect of different seed pre-treatments on yield, fatty acids composition and sensory acceptability of chia oil at different storage intervals and conditions...
2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637336/red-blood-cell-pufas-reflect-the-phospholipid-pufa-composition-of-major-organs
#13
Jenifer I Fenton, Eric A Gurzell, Emily A Davidson, William S Harris
Numerous clinical trials examining the use of omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFAs) on various health outcomes have been conducted, and fish oil remains one of the most widely used nutritional supplements. More recently, studies have begun to utilize the omega-3 index, defined as the sum of EPA+DHA in red blood cells (RBCs), as both a biomarker of n-3 LCPUFA exposure and a potential risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD). Considerably less research evaluates whether RBC phospholipid fatty acids reflect the phospholipid fatty acid composition of other tissues across increasing intakes of n-3 LCPUFAs...
September 2016: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632919/red-blood-cell-oleic-acid-levels-reflect-olive-oil-intake-while-omega-3-levels-reflect-fish-intake-and-the-use-of-omega-3-acid-ethyl-esters-the-gruppo-italiano-per-lo-studio-della-sopravvivenza-nell-infarto-miocardico-heart-failure-trial
#14
William S Harris, Serge Masson, Simona Barlera, Valentina Milani, Silvana Pileggi, Maria Grazia Franzosi, Roberto Marchioli, Gianni Tognoni, Luigi Tavazzi, Roberto Latini
The Gruppo Italiano per lo Studio della Sopravvivenza nell'Infarto Miocardico-Heart Failure (GISSI-HF) study reported benefits of n-3 fatty acid (FA) treatment on cardiovascular (CV) events, but the effects of treatment on a putative CV disease risk factor, the red blood cell (RBC) n-3 FA level (the omega-3 index), have not been examined in this context. We hypothesized that treatment with prescription omega-3 acid ethyl esters (O3AEE) would increase the omega-3 index to the proposed cardioprotective value of 8%...
September 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592324/there-is-no-association-between-the-omega-3-index-and-depressive-symptoms-in-patients-with-heart-disease-who-are-low-fish-consumers
#15
Shaoxin Cai, Alison M Coates, Jonathan D Buckley, Narelle M Berry, Lisa Burres, John Beltrame, Peter R C Howe, Geoffrey Schrader
BACKGROUND: Long chain Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn3PUFAs) may improve cardiovascular health and depression. This study investigated the relationships between erythrocyte membrane LCn3PUFA status, depression and angina symptoms in patients with heart disease. METHODS: We recruited 91 patients (65 males and 26 females, mean age 59.2±10.3 years) with heart disease and depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, CES-D ≥ 16) and low fish/fish oil intakes...
August 16, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27482002/effect-of-omega-3-acid-ethyl-esters-on-left-ventricular-remodeling-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-the-omega-remodel-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Bobak Heydari, Shuaib Abdullah, James V Pottala, Ravi Shah, Siddique Abbasi, Damien Mandry, Sanjeev A Francis, Heidi Lumish, Brian B Ghoshhajra, Udo Hoffmann, Evan Appelbaum, Jiazhuo H Feng, Ron Blankstein, Michael Steigner, Joseph P McConnell, William Harris, Elliott M Antman, Michael Jerosch-Herold, Raymond Y Kwong
BACKGROUND: Omega-3 fatty acids from fish oil have been associated with beneficial cardiovascular effects, but their role in modifying cardiac structures and tissue characteristics in patients who have had an acute myocardial infarction while receiving current guideline-based therapy remains unknown. METHODS: In a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, participants presenting with an acute myocardial infarction were randomly assigned 1:1 to 6 months of high-dose omega-3 fatty acids (n=180) or placebo (n=178)...
August 2, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460471/an-oral-health-optimized-diet-can-reduce-gingival-and-periodontal-inflammation-in-humans-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#17
J P Woelber, K Bremer, K Vach, D König, E Hellwig, P Ratka-Krüger, A Al-Ahmad, C Tennert
BACKGROUND: The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the effects of four weeks of an oral health optimized diet on periodontal clinical parameters in a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: The experimental group (n = 10) had to change to a diet low in carbohydrates, rich in Omega-3 fatty acids, and rich in vitamins C and D, antioxidants and fiber for four weeks. Participants of the control group (n = 5) did not change their dietary behavior. Plaque index, gingival bleeding, probing depths, and bleeding upon probing were assessed by a dentist with a pressure-sensitive periodontal probe...
July 26, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442314/effect-of-oral-re-esterified-omega-3-nutritional-supplementation-on-dry-eyes
#18
Alice T Epitropoulos, Eric D Donnenfeld, Zubin A Shah, Edward J Holland, Michael Gross, William J Faulkner, Cynthia Matossian, Stephen S Lane, Melissa Toyos, Frank A Bucci, Henry D Perry
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of oral re-esterified omega-3 fatty acids on tear osmolarity, matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), tear break-up time (TBUT), Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI), fluorescein corneal staining, Schirmer score, meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) stage and omega-3 index in subjects with dry eyes and confirmed MGD. METHODS: This was a multicenter, prospective, interventional, placebo-controlled, double-masked study. Subjects were randomized to receive 4 softgels containing a total of 1680 mg of eicosapentaenoic acid/560 mg of docosahexaenoic acid or a control of 3136 mg of linoleic acid, daily for 12 weeks...
September 2016: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424313/vascular-and-metabolic-effects-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-combined-with-fenofibrate-in-patients-with-hypertriglyceridemia
#19
Kwang Kon Koh, Pyung Chun Oh, Ichiro Sakuma, Yonghee Lee, Seung Hwan Han, Eak Kyun Shin
BACKGROUND: Effects of omega-3 fatty acids (n-3 FA) combined with fenofibrate are not yet investigated, compared with fenofibrate. METHODS: This was a randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel study. Age, sex, and body mass index were matched among groups. All patients were recommended to maintain a low fat diet. Fifty patients with hypertriglyceridemia in each group were given placebo, n-3 FA 2g+fenofibrate 160mg (combination), or fenofibrate 160mg, respectively daily for 2months...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424010/effects-of-dha-supplementation-on-vascular-function-telomerase-activity-in-pbmc-expression-of-inflammatory-cytokines-and-ppar%C3%AE-lxr%C3%AE-abca1-pathway-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-study-protocol-for-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#20
Omid Toupchian, Gity Sotoudeh, Anahita Mansoori, Mahmoud Djalali, Seyyed Ali Keshavarz, Ensieh Nasli-Esfahani, Ehsan Alvandi, Fariba Koohdani
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), as an omega-3 fatty acid, in a natural ligand of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs). Regarding the combinative effects of Nutrigenomics and Nutrigenetics and due to the lack of in vivo studies conducted using natural ligands of PPARs, we aimed to evaluate the effects of DHA supplementation on vascular function, telomerase activity, and PPARγ-LXRα-ABCA1 pathway, in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), based on the Pro12Ala polymorphism in PPARγ encoding gene...
July 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
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