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Omega-3 index

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665872/maternal-intake-of-omega-3-and-omega-6-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-during-mid-pregnancy-is-inversely-associated-with-linear-growth
#1
M Al-Hinai, A Baylin, M M Tellez-Rojo, A Cantoral, A Ettinger, M Solano-González, K E Peterson, W Perng
This study investigates relations of maternal N-3 and N-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) intake during pregnancy with offspring body mass index (BMI), height z-score and metabolic risk (fasting glucose, C-peptide, leptin, lipid profile) during peripuberty (8-14 years) among 236 mother-child pairs in Mexico. We used food frequency questionnaire data to quantify trimester-specific intake of N-3 alpha-linolenic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA); N-6 linoleic acid and arachidonic acid (AA); and N-6:N-3 (AA:EPA+DHA), which accounts for the fact that the two PUFA families have opposing effects on physiology...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652551/n-3-fatty-acid-supplementation-for-the-treatment-of-dry-eye-disease
#2
(no author information available yet)
Background Dry eye disease is a common chronic condition that is characterized by ocular discomfort and visual disturbances that decrease quality of life. Many clinicians recommend the use of supplements of n-3 fatty acids (often called omega-3 fatty acids) to relieve symptoms. Methods In a multicenter, double-blind clinical trial, we randomly assigned patients with moderate-to-severe dry eye disease to receive a daily oral dose of 3000 mg of fish-derived n-3 eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids (active supplement group) or an olive oil placebo (placebo group)...
April 13, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648479/dietary-intervention-and-health-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#3
Marília Cristina Santos de Medeiros, Jussara Cristina Alves Medeiros, Humberto Jefferson de Medeiros, José Carlos Gomes de Carvalho Leitão, Maria Irany Knackfuss
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the scientific evidence of dietary intervention, either through diet or supplementation, and its effects on the health of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted using Scopus, PubMed, BioMed Central and Science Direct databases. The terms used for the search were diet, nutritional support, nutrition therapy and systemic lupus erythematosus. RESULTS: Eleven studies with interventions related to supplementation of omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin D and turmeric, as well as changes in diet composition, such as low glycaemic index diet were identified...
April 12, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606136/low-omega-3-index-values-and-monounsaturated-fatty-acid-levels-in-early-pregnancy-an-analysis-of-maternal-erythrocytes-fatty-acids
#4
Axelle Hoge, Florence Bernardy, Anne-Françoise Donneau, Nadia Dardenne, Sylvie Degée, Marie Timmermans, Michelle Nisolle, Michèle Guillaume, Vincenzo Castronovo
BACKGROUND: It is unanimously recognized that the maternal nutritional status at the pregnancy onset influence both short-term and long-term health of the mother and offspring. Among several nutrients, LCPUFA, particularly from the omega-3 family, are of utmost importance. This study was carried out to determine fatty acids profile of maternal erythrocyte membranes in early pregnancy and to identify potential determinants impacting on this status. METHODS: A cohort of 122 healthy women with a singleton pregnancy was included...
April 2, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604028/highly-directive-switchable-nanoantenna-array-based-on-dielectric-omega-particles-at-terahertz-frequencies
#5
Raana Sabri, Ali Pourziad, Saeid Nikmehr
A high-refractive-index dielectric particle with the ability of supporting both electric and magnetic resonances, operating at 1-2 terahertz, is proposed. It is shown that the suggested omega-shaped nanoparticle is able to control the resonance frequencies independently by changing geometrical dimension. It is also demonstrated numerically that an asymmetric omega particle shows a tunable radiation pattern, depending on the incident frequency. The radiation beam can steer in the range of ±30°. The omega particle shows a directive radiation pattern with small back radiation, due to the constructive interference of the induced electric and magnetic moments...
March 20, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602331/the-association-of-omega-3-fatty-acid-levels-with-personality-and-cognitive-reactivity
#6
Carisha S Thesing, Mariska Bot, Yuri Milaneschi, Erik J Giltay, Brenda W J H Penninx
OBJECTIVE: Low omega (n)-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) levels have been found in patients with various major psychiatric disorders. This study aims to identify whether psychological vulnerabilities (personality and cognitive reactivity) underlying these psychiatric conditions are also associated with n-3 PUFA blood levels. METHODS: Data was used from 2912 subjects (mean age 41.9 years, 66.4% female) from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA)...
May 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599053/the-omega-6-omega-3-ratio-a-critical-appraisal-and-possible-successor
#7
REVIEW
William S Harris
The well-known health effects of the long-chain, marine omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids (FAs) has led to a growing interest in the prognostic value that blood levels of these FAs might have vis-à-vis cardiovascular and neurocognitive diseases. The measurement and expression of n-3 FA levels is not straight-forward, however, and a wide variety of means of expression of n-3 FA status have been used in research and clinical medicine. This has led to considerable confusion as to what "optimal" n-3 FA status is...
March 20, 2018: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594475/individual-fatty-acids-in-erythrocyte-membranes-are-associated-with-several-features-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-obese-children
#8
Sara Bonafini, Angela Tagetti, Rossella Gaudino, Paolo Cavarzere, Martina Montagnana, Elisa Danese, Marco Benati, Diego Alberto Ramaroli, Sara Raimondi, Alice Giontella, Anna Mantovani, Angela Donato, Andrea Dalbeni, Pietro Minuz, Franco Antoniazzi, Claudio Maffeis, Cristiano Fava
PURPOSE: Obesity leads to the clustering of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors and the metabolic syndrome (MetS) also in children and is often accompanied by non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Quality of dietary fat, beyond the quantity, can influence CV risk profile and, in particular, omega-3 fatty acids (FA) have been proposed as beneficial in this setting. The aim of the study was to evaluate the associations of individual CV risk factors, characterizing the MetS, with erythrocyte membrane FA, markers of average intake, in a group of 70 overweight/obese children...
March 28, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580250/effectiveness-of-omega-3-fatty-acid-for-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Kailin Yang, Liuting Zeng, Tingting Bao, Jinwen Ge
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness and safety of omega-3 fatty acid for patients with PCOS. METHODS: In this meta-analysis, data from randomized controlled trials were obtained to assess the effects of omega-3 fatty acid versus placebo or western medicine in women with PCOS. The study's registration number is CRD42017065859. The primary outcomes included the change of homeostatic model assessment (HOMA) of insulin resistance, total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG) and adiponectin...
March 27, 2018: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570511/whole-blood-omega-3-fatty-acid-concentrations-are-inversely-associated-with-blood-pressure-in-young-healthy-adults
#10
Mark G Filipovic, Stefanie Aeschbacher, Martin F Reiner, Simona Stivala, Sara Gobbato, Nicole Bonetti, Martin Risch, Lorenz Risch, Giovanni G Camici, Thomas F Luescher, Clemens von Schacky, David Conen, Juerg H Beer
BACKGROUND: Omega-3 fatty acids (n - 3 FA) may have blood pressure (BP)-lowering effects in untreated hypertensive and elderly patients. The effect of n - 3 FA on BP in young, healthy adults remains unknown. The Omega-3 Index reliably reflects an individuals' omega-3 status. We hypothesized that the Omega-3 Index is inversely associated with BP levels in young healthy adults. METHODS: The current study (n = 2036) is a cross-sectional study investigating the baseline characteristics of a cohort, which includes healthy adults, age 25-41 years...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564111/development-of-omega-3-rich-camelina-sativa-seed-oil-emulsions
#11
Henok D Belayneh, Randy L Wehling, Yue Zhang, Ozan N Ciftci
Camelina sativa seed is an underutilized oil source rich in omega-3 fatty acids; however, camelina oil is not fully explored for food applications. Its high omega-3 content makes it susceptible to oxidation, which may limit food applications. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to investigate the potential of camelina seed oil to form physically and oxidatively stable emulsions as a potential delivery system for omega-3 fatty acids. Effects of homogenization conditions, namely, pressure (15 MPa-30 MPa), number of passes (1,3,5, and 7), and type of homogenizers (high pressure and high shear) on the structural properties and stability of camelina seed oil emulsions stabilized with whey protein isolate were studied...
March 2018: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559306/erythrocyte-long-chain-omega-3-fatty-acid-levels-are-inversely-associated-with-mortality-and-with-incident-cardiovascular-disease-the-framingham-heart-study
#12
William S Harris, Nathan L Tintle, Mark R Etherton, Ramachandran S Vasan
BACKGROUND: The extent to which omega-3 fatty acid status is related to risk for death from any cause and for incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: To examine these associations in the Framingham Heart Study. DESIGN: Prospective and observational. SETTING: Framingham Heart Study Offspring cohort. MEASUREMENTS: The exposure marker was red blood cell levels of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids (the Omega-3 Index) measured at baseline...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558830/naturopathic-oncology-care-for-thoracic-cancers-a-practice-survey
#13
Dugald Seely, Julie K Ennis, Ellen McDonell, Linlu Zhao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is a lack of information on therapies recommended by naturopathic doctors (NDs) for lung and gastroesophageal cancer care. Study objectives were to: (1) identify the most common interventions considered for use by NDs; (2) identify interventions NDs recommend to support key therapeutic goals; and (3) identify potential contraindications between integrative and conventional therapies. METHODS: Oncology Association of Naturopathic Physicians (OncANP) members (n = 351) were invited to complete an electronic survey...
March 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552010/omega-3-fatty-acid-supplementation-improves-endothelial-function-in-primary-antiphospholipid-syndrome-a-small-scale-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#14
Sheylla M Felau, Lucas P Sales, Marina Y Solis, Ana Paula Hayashi, Hamilton Roschel, Ana Lúcia Sá-Pinto, Danieli Castro Oliveira De Andrade, Keyla Y Katayama, Maria Claudia Irigoyen, Fernanda Consolim-Colombo, Eloisa Bonfa, Bruno Gualano, Fabiana B Benatti
Endothelial cells are thought to play a central role in the pathogenesis of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) supplementation has been shown to improve endothelial function in a number of diseases; thus, it could be of high clinical relevance in APS. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of n-3 PUFA supplementation on endothelial function (primary outcome) of patients with primary APS (PAPS). A 16-week randomized clinical trial was conducted with 22 adult women with PAPS...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549496/exploring-the-association-between-whole-blood-omega-3-index-dha-epa-dha-aa-and-n-6-dpa-and-depression-and-self-esteem-in-adolescents-of-lower-general-secondary-education
#15
I S M van der Wurff, C von Schacky, T Bergeland, R Leontjevas, M P Zeegers, P A Kirschner, R H M de Groot
PURPOSE: Depression is common in adolescents and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) are suggested to be associated with depression. However, research in adolescents is limited. Furthermore, self-esteem has never been studied in relation to LCPUFA. The objective here was to determine associations of depression and self-esteem with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), Omega-3 Index (O3I), n-6 docosapentaenoic acid (n-6 DPA, also called Osbond acid, ObA), n-3 docosapentaenoic acid (DPA), and arachidonic acid (AA) concentrations in blood of adolescents attending lower general secondary education (LGSE)...
March 16, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534293/impact-of-smoflipid-on-pulmonary-alveolar-development-in-newborn-guinea-pigs
#16
Jean-Claude Lavoie, Ibrahim Mohamed, Anne-Monique Nuyt, Wesam Elremaly, Thérèse Rouleau
BACKGROUND: Parenteral nutrition (PN) is associated with bronchopulmonary dysplasia in premature infants. In animals, PN leads to alveolar loss following stimulation of apoptosis by oxidative stress (oxidized redox potential). Peroxides and aldehydes generated in PN can induce hypo-alveolarization. The implication of peroxides, which is reduced by light protection, is demonstrated. The implication of aldehydes from omega-6 fatty acids oxidation is expected. The hypothesis is that composition and light exposure of PN influences bronchopulmonary dysplasia development...
March 13, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530030/chemical-composition-and-antibacterial-activity-of-oils-from-chrysicthys-nigrodigitatus-and-hepsetus-odoe-two-freshwater-fishes-from-yabassi-cameroon
#17
Mouokeu Raymond Simplice, Womeni Hilaire Macaire, Njike Ngamga Fabrice Hervé, Tonfack Djikeng Fabrice, Djopnang DJimbie Justin, Tchoumbougnang François, Kuiate Jules-Roger
BACKGROUNDS: Oils of fish origin are a very rich source of Omega - 3 and Omega - 6 fatty acids. They have been suggested to provide numerous health benefits for humans involving antimicrobial properties. Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus and Hepsetus odoe are two fishes well known in Cameroon. The chemical composition and the antibacterial activity of these fishes derived oils are unknown. The study was designed to valorise C. nigrodigitatus and H.s odoe oils activity against food poisoning bacteria...
March 12, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525224/redefining-target-omega-3-index-levels-the-japan-public-health-center-study
#18
EDITORIAL
William S Harris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523147/omega-6-omega-3-fatty-acid-intake-of-children-and-older-adults-in-the-u-s-dietary-intake-in-comparison-to-current-dietary-recommendations-and-the-healthy-eating-index
#19
Kelly W Sheppard, Carol L Cheatham
BACKGROUND: Omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids (FAs) and their ratio have been shown to affect cognitive function in children and older adults. With these analyses, we aimed to describe omega-6 and omega-3 FA intake among children and older adults in light of FA intake recommendations and with consideration of overall diet. METHODS: Data were merged from two cross-sectional studies with 219 children 7 to 12 years old and one longitudinal study with 133 adults 65 to 79 years old...
March 9, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507271/clinical-characterization-of-serum-docosahexaenoic-acid-and-its-relationship-with-inflammation-factors-in-patients-with-diabetic-nephropathy
#20
Li Zhou, Di Yao, Songqing Zhao, Yuzhang Jiang, Weiping Lu
INTRODUCTION: A variety of molecular pathways, such as generation of advanced glycation end products, inflammation, and oxidative stress, are involved in the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Recently, a protective effect of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on the kidney has been reported. This study aimed to determine serum docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) level and its association with inflammation factors in patients with DN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred patients with type 2 diabetic mellitus were divided into 3 groups of non-DN, early DN, and clinical DN, based on 24-hour urinary albumin levels...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
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