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Omega-3 index

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464094/a-meta-analysis-on-omega-3-supplements-in-preventing-recurrence-of-atrial-fibrillation
#1
Ying Jiang, Hui Ching Tan, Wilson Wai San Tam, Toon Wei Lim, Wenru Wang
Previous studies had suggested that Omega-3 fatty acids have pleiotropic effects and favourable safety profile, which may potentially increase the efficacy of antiarrhythmic drugs in suppressing atrial arrhythmias through combination therapy. This meta-analysis aimed to determine the effectiveness of using Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids as a sole anti-arrhythmic agent or as an adjunct to existing pharmacological therapies in preventing atrial fibrillation recurrence. Randomized controlled trials published in English, from inception to December 2016, were considered...
January 19, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441322/effect-of-vitamin-e-and-omega-3-fatty-acids-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#2
Ashwitha Shruti Dass, Sarala Narayana, P N Venkatarathnamma
Diabetes mellitus (DM) and its complications have been implicated in hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress. Antioxidants can improve glycemic control, lipid profile, and cognitive functions. We assessed the effect of Vitamin E and omega 3 fatty acids (OFA) on the above parameters. One hundred patients with type 2 DM receiving metformin 500 mg and glimepiride 1 mg were randomized to receive add-on therapy of Vitamin E 400 mg or OFA once daily for 12 weeks and the third group served as control. Fasting blood sugar (FBS), postprandial blood sugar (PPBS), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR), lipid profile, and mini-mental state examination were done at baseline and 12 weeks...
January 2018: Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415593/maternal-obesity-fish-intake-and-recurrent-spontaneous-preterm-birth
#3
Marcela C Smid, Alison M Stuebe, Tracy A Manuck, Sarbattama Sen
OBJECTIVE: Moderate fish intake in early pregnancy is associated with decreased risk of preterm birth (PTB). Obesity during pregnancy is characterized by inflammation and insufficiency of essential fatty acids. The objective of this study was to measure the association between fish intake during pregnancy and risk of recurrent spontaneous (s)PTB among lean, overweight and obese women. DESIGN: This is secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation for recurrent PTB prevention, 2005-2006...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394449/hospital-diet-enriched-with-rapeseed-or-sunflower-oils-is-associated-with-a-decrease-in-plasma-16-1n-7-and-some-metabolic-disorders-in-the-elderly
#4
Nicole Combe, Olivier Henry, Carlos Lopez, Carole Vaysse, Isabelle Fonseca, Danièle Ribaud, Fathi Driss, Noëmie Simon, Céline Le Guillou, François Mendy
We recently demonstrated that the prevalence of dysglycemia was high among hospitalized elderly people who were fed a low fat diet (27.7% of energy) and was positively associated with plasma 16:1n-7, an indicator of de novo lipogenesis (DNL). Fatty acids in the DNL pathway have been shown to be associated with a higher risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS). The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential beneficial effects of fat enrichment (up to 34.1%en) of the hospital diet in 111 patients (30 men and 81 women, 84 ± 7 years) during 6 weeks...
February 2, 2018: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385742/validation-of-the-brazilian-healthy-eating-index-revised-using-biomarkers-in-children-and-adolescents
#5
Roseli B D Toffano, Elaine Hillesheim, Mariana G Mathias, Carolina A Coelho-Landell, Roberta G Salomão, Maria O R V Almada, Joyce M Camarneiro, Tamiris T Barros, José S Camelo-Junior, Serge Rezzi, Laurence Goulet, Maria P Giner, Laeticia Da Silva, Francois-Pierre Martin, Ivan Montoliu, Sofia Moco, Sebastiano Collino, Jim Kaput, Jacqueline P Monteiro
The Brazilian Healthy Eating Index-Revised (BHEI-R) can be used to determine overall dietary patterns. We assessed the BHEI-R scores in children and adolescents, aged from 9 to 13 years old, and associated its component scores with biomarkers of health and dietary exposure. Three 24-h recalls were used to generate BHEI-R. Biomarkers were analyzed in plasma and red blood cells. Correlation tests, agreement, and covariance analyses were used to associate BHEI-R components with biomarkers. Data from 167 subjects were used...
January 30, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374048/arachidonic-acid-but-not-omega-3-index-relates-to-the-prevalence-and-progression-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-in-a-population-based-study-of-danish-men
#6
Jes S Lindholt, Katrine L Kristensen, Elena Burillo, Diego Martinez-Lopez, Carlos Calvo, Emilio Ros, Jose L Martín-Ventura, Aleix Sala-Vila
BACKGROUND: Animal models support dietary omega-3 fatty acids protection against abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), but clinical data are scarce. The sum of red blood cell proportions of the omega-3 eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids, known as omega-3 index, is a valid surrogate for long-term omega-3 intake. We investigated the association between the omega-3 index and the prevalence and progression of AAA. We also investigated associations between AAA and arachidonic acid, an omega-6 fatty acid that is a substrate for proinflammatory lipid mediators...
January 26, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373427/non-invasive-assessment-of-internal-and-external-player-load-implications-for-optimizing-athletic-performance
#7
Aaron D Heishman, Michael A Curtis, Ethan Saliba, Robert J Hornett, Steven K Malin, Arthur L Weltman
Few data exist that assess athlete tracking and monitoring for the development of strategies to optimize performance and reduce fatigue in elite athletes. The purpose of the present study was to assess the efficacy of external load and internal stress monitoring as assessment tools for examining a performance index of fatigue. A retrospective analysis was performed on data collected over the course of the pre-season in 10 elite male NCAA Division 1 basketball players. Internal stress was assessed using Omegawave Technology readiness scores and compared to the performance index of counter-movement jump (CMJ)...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339986/seeking-optimal-nutrition-for-healthy-body-mass-reduction-among-former-athletes
#8
Dominika Maciejewska, Małgorzata Michalczyk, Maja Czerwińska-Rogowska, Marcin Banaszczak, Karina Ryterska, Karolina Jakubczyk, Jakub Piotrwski, Joanna Hołowko, Arleta Drozd, Paweł Wysokińki, Krzysztof Ficek, Krzysztof Wilk, Anna Lubkowska, Paweł Cięszczyk, Jerzy Bertrand, Ewa Stachowska
The aim of the study was to investigate the efficacy of 6 week Mediterranean diet or 30% calorie restriction on the fatty acid profile and eicosanoids (hydroxyoctadecadienoi acids and hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids) concentration. Furthermore, basic biochemical variables such as insulin, glucose, HOMA-IR, and a lipid profile were estimated. The study enrolled 94 Caucasian former athletes aged 20-42, with body height of 179 ± 16.00 cm and body mass of 89.26 ± 13.25 kg who had not been active for at least 5 years...
December 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321047/effects-of-concentrated-long-chain-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-supplementation-before-radical-prostatectomy-on-prostate-cancer-proliferation-inflammation-and-quality-of-life-study-protocol-for-a-phase-iib-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#9
Marie-Hélène Guertin, Karine Robitaille, Jean-François Pelletier, Thierry Duchesne, Pierre Julien, Josée Savard, Isabelle Bairati, Vincent Fradet
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in north-American men. Few dietary or lifestyle interventions have been tested to prevent prostate cancer progression. Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation represents a promising intervention for prostate cancer patients. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effects of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn3), more precisely eicosapentaenoic acid monoacylglyceride (MAG-EPA) supplementation, on prostate cancer proliferation, inflammation mediators and quality of life among men who will undergo radical prostatectomy...
January 10, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316612/association-between-diet-quality-scores-adiposity-total-cholesterol-and-markers-of-nutritional-status-in-european-adults-findings-from-the-food4me-study
#10
Rosalind Fallaize, Katherine M Livingstone, Carlos Celis-Morales, Anna L Macready, Rodrigo San-Cristobal, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Cyril F M Marsaux, Clare B O'Donovan, Silvia Kolossa, George Moschonis, Marianne C Walsh, Eileen R Gibney, Lorraine Brennan, Jildau Bouwman, Yannis Manios, Miroslaw Jarosz, J Alfredo Martinez, Hannelore Daniel, Wim H M Saris, Thomas E Gundersen, Christian A Drevon, Michael J Gibney, John C Mathers, Julie A Lovegrove
Diet-quality scores (DQS), which are developed across the globe, are used to define adherence to specific eating patterns and have been associated with risk of coronary heart disease and type-II diabetes. We explored the association between five diet-quality scores (Healthy Eating Index, HEI; Alternate Healthy Eating Index, AHEI; MedDietScore, MDS; PREDIMED Mediterranean Diet Score, P-MDS; Dutch Healthy Diet-Index, DHDI) and markers of metabolic health (anthropometry, objective physical activity levels (PAL), and dried blood spot total cholesterol (TC), total carotenoids, and omega-3 index) in the Food4Me cohort, using regression analysis...
January 6, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302857/combination-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-valproic-acid-in-treatment-of-borderline-personality-disorder-a-follow-up-study
#11
Paola Bozzatello, Paola Rocca, Silvio Bellino
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Some evidence of efficacy has been found for omega-3 fatty acids in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). In a previous 12-week randomized trial we assessed the efficacy of the combination of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) with valproic acid, in comparison with valproic acid monotherapy, in 43 BPD outpatients. Combined therapy was superior to valproic acid monotherapy (the control group) in the treatment of some BPD symptoms: impulsive-behavioral dyscontrol, outbursts of anger, and self-harm...
January 5, 2018: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300438/association-between-red-blood-cells-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-white-matter-hyperintensities-the-mapt-study
#12
S Y Moon, P de Souto Barreto, M Chupin, J F Mangin, A Bouyahia, L Fillon, S Andrieu, B Vellas
OBJECTIVES: The association between circulating biomarkers of red blood cells (RBC) omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and cerebral white matter hyperintensities (WMH) on the brain MRI remains yet unclear. We investigated the cross-sectional and prospective associations of RBC omega-3 PUFAs with WMH in dementia-free older adults with subjective memory complaints. DESIGN: Participants were 234 older adults with assessments for both PUFA and MRI near to baseline; among them, 79 also had an MRI assessment at 3-year follow-up...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290214/dietary-management-of-dyslipidaemias-is-there-any-evidence-for-cardiovascular-benefit
#13
REVIEW
Panagiotis Anagnostis, Stavroula A Paschou, Dimitrios G Goulis, Vasilios G Athyros, Asterios Karagiannis
Specific dietary strategies are the mainstay of management in most cases of dyslipidaemia, prior to or simultaneously with the initiation of a lipid-lowering agent. The exact approach differs according to the type of dyslipidaemia. In particular, a reduction in carbohydrates (mainly foods with a high glycaemic index) and their substitution with mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids is the main strategy in patients with high levels of triglycerides (Tg) and/or low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c)...
February 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259181/comparison-of-the-effect-of-omega-3-supplements-and-fresh-fish-on-lipid-profile-a-randomized-open-labeled-trial
#14
Mohammad Javad Zibaeenezhad, Maryam Ghavipisheh, Armin Attar, Amir Aslani
BACKGROUND: Dietary fish is a rich source of Omega-3 poly-unsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). These compounds may have protective effect against cardiovascular events possibly by modifying lipid profiles. Consequently, fish oil supplements are produced commercially to complement low fish intake. It is not clear if both interventions have similar effects. The aim of this trial was to compare the anti-hyperlipidemic effect of omega3 fatty acid supplements with fresh fish. METHOD: A total of 106 patients with hyperlipidemia were randomized...
December 19, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249914/lifestyle-diet-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-according-to-epi-genetic-instability-current-evidence-and-future-directions-of-molecular-pathological-epidemiology
#15
REVIEW
Laura A E Hughes, Colinda C J M Simons, Piet A van den Brandt, Manon van Engeland, Matty P Weijenberg
Purpose of Review: In this review, we describe molecular pathological epidemiology (MPE) studies from around the world that have studied diet and/or lifestyle factors in relation to molecular markers of (epi)genetic pathways in colorectal cancer (CRC), and explore future perspectives in this realm of research. The main focus of this review is diet and lifestyle factors for which there is evidence for an association with CRC as identified by the World Cancer Research Fund reports. In addition, we review promising hypotheses, that warrant consideration in future studies...
2017: Current Colorectal Cancer Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232323/racial-variation-in-total-knee-replacement-in-a-diverse-nationwide-clinical-trial
#16
Lindsey A MacFarlane, Eunjung Kim, Nancy R Cook, I-Min Lee, Maura D Iversen, Jeffrey N Katz, Karen H Costenbader
OBJECTIVE: Racial variation in total knee replacement (TKR) utilization in the United States has been reported in administrative database studies. We investigated racial variation in TKR procedures in a diverse cohort with severe knee pain followed in an ongoing clinical trial. METHODS: VITAL (VITamin D and OmegA-3 TriaL) is a nationwide, randomized controlled trial of 25,874 adults, 20% of whom are black. We identified a subgroup highly likely to have knee osteoarthritis based on severity of knee pain, physician-diagnosed knee osteoarthritis, and inability to walk 2 to 3 blocks without pain...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228998/capturing-health-and-eating-status-through-a-nutritional-perception-screening-questionnaire-npsq9-in-a-randomised-internet-based-personalised-nutrition-intervention-the-food4me-study
#17
Rodrigo San-Cristobal, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Carlos Celis-Morales, Katherine M Livingstone, Barbara Stewart-Knox, Audrey Rankin, Anna L Macready, Rosalind Fallaize, Clare B O'Donovan, Hannah Forster, Clara Woolhead, Marianne C Walsh, Christina P Lambrinou, George Moschonis, Yannis Manios, Miroslaw Jarosz, Hannelore Daniel, Eileen R Gibney, Lorraine Brennan, Thomas E Gundersen, Christian A Drevon, Mike Gibney, Cyril F M Marsaux, Wim H M Saris, Julie A Lovegrove, Lynn J Frewer, John C Mathers, J Alfredo Martinez
BACKGROUND: National guidelines emphasize healthy eating to promote wellbeing and prevention of non-communicable diseases. The perceived healthiness of food is determined by many factors affecting food intake. A positive perception of healthy eating has been shown to be associated with greater diet quality. Internet-based methodologies allow contact with large populations. Our present study aims to design and evaluate a short nutritional perception questionnaire, to be used as a screening tool for assessing nutritional status, and to predict an optimal level of personalisation in nutritional advice delivered via the Internet...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223557/efficacy-and-safety-of-adding-omega-3-fatty-acids-in-statin-treated-patients-with-residual-hypertriglyceridemia-romantic-rosuvastatin-omacor-in-residual-hypertriglyceridemia-a-randomized-double-blind-and-placebo-controlled-trial
#18
Chee Hae Kim, Kyung Ah Han, Jaemyung Yu, Sang Hak Lee, Hui Kyung Jeon, Sang Hyun Kim, Seok Yeon Kim, Ki Hoon Han, Kyungheon Won, Dong-Bin Kim, Kwang-Jae Lee, Kyungwan Min, Dong Won Byun, Sang-Wook Lim, Chul Woo Ahn, SeongHwan Kim, Young Joon Hong, Jidong Sung, Seung-Ho Hur, Soon Jun Hong, Hong-Seok Lim, Ie Byung Park, In Joo Kim, Hyoungwoo Lee, Hyo-Soo Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy and safety of adding ω-3 fatty acids to rosuvastatin in patients with residual hypertriglyceridemia despite statin treatment. METHODS: This study was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. After a 4-week run-in period of rosuvastatin treatment, the patients who had residual hypertriglyceridemia were randomized to receive rosuvastatin 20 mg/d plus ω-3 fatty acids 4 g/d (ROSUMEGA group) or rosuvastatin 20 mg/d (rosuvastatin group) with a 1:1 ratio and were prescribed each medication for 8 weeks...
December 6, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188863/cross-sectional-associations-of-total-plasma-homocysteine-with-cortical-%C3%AE-amyloid-independently-and-as-a-function-of-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-status-in-older-adults-at-risk-of-dementia
#19
C Hooper, P De Souto Barreto, N Coley, E Caussé, P Payoux, A S Salabert, M Cesari, S Andrieu, G-L Bowman, M Weiner, B Vellas
OBJECTIVES: Elevated total plasma homocysteine is a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and there is some evidence that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) can modulate the effects of homocysteine-lowering B vitamins on AD related pathologies. Hence we investigated the relationship between total plasma homocysteine and cortical β-amyloid (Aβ) in older adults at risk of dementia. The role of erythrocyte membrane n-3 PUFAs (omega 3 index) on this relationship was also explored...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179558/physicochemical-characteristics-of-the-lasiococca-comberi-haines-seeds
#20
Pradeep Kumar Kamila, Asit Ray, Ambika Sahoo, Sanghamitra Nayak, Pradipta Kumar Mohapatra, Pratap Chandra Panda
Physicochemical characteristics and fatty acid composition of Lasiococca comberi Haines (Euphorbiaceae), an endangered forest tree species, were determined for the first time. The oil, protein, crude fibre and carbohydrate contents in seeds were 41.5, 13.8, 22.2 and 11.6%, respectively. The refractive index, pH, specific gravity, saponification value, iodine value, peroxide value and p-anisidine value of seed oil were 1.4781, 6.4, 0.9, 178.4 mg KOH/g, 196 g I2/100 g of oil, 5.1 mEq O2/kg and 188.4, respectively...
November 28, 2017: Natural Product Research
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