keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

nigeria hiv

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453403/high-rate-of-hepatitis-b-virus-surface-antigenemia-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-kakuri-kaduna-state-north-west-nigeria
#1
Cornelius Arome Omatola, Bernard Anyebe Onoja, Temitope Thomas
Globally, increased incidence of liver disease caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV) is responsible for high morbidity and mortality among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals. This is because both viruses share common routes of transmission. We determined prevalence of HBV-HIV coinfection and the influence of some risk factors on concomitant infection among people living with HIV in a treatment center in Kakuri, Kaduna State. Two hundred consenting individuals with HIV infection participated in the study...
April 28, 2017: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444318/psychiatric-morbidity-in-children-with-hiv-aids-at-a-tertiary-health-institution-in-north-central-nigeria
#2
Mary Oluwatosin Adefalu, Mosunmola Florence Tunde-Ayinmode, Baba Awoye Issa, Adewole Adebola Adefalu, Seleemat Ajoke Adepoju
Introduction: Children with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are living longer with the infection and are at risk of different complications. We assessed for the prevalence of and associated factors for psychiatric morbidity among HIV-infected children in a tertiary facility in Ilorin, Nigeria. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional, two-staged study involving 196 HIV-positive children (6-17 years). A semi-structured questionnaire and psychological instruments were used for the study...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443275/integration-of-hiv-testing-into-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-weeks-for-improved-case-finding-and-linkage-to-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-services-in-benue-state-nigeria
#3
Olusoji Akinleye, Gideon Dura, Arjan de Wagt, Abiola Davies, Dick Chamla
BACKGROUND: In Nigeria, maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) weeks are campaign-like events designed to accelerate progress toward Millennium Development Goals. The authors examined whether integrating HIV testing into MNCH weeks was feasible and could lead to increased case finding and linkage to prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services. METHODS: Pregnant women attending MNCH week during the first week of December 2014 in 13 local government areas in Benue State were provided with HIV tests and referrals to PMTCT services...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429631/household-food-insecurity-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-sagamu-nigeria-a-preliminary-study
#4
Oluwafolahan O Sholeye, Victor J Animasahun, Albert A Salako, Bankole K Oyewole
BACKGROUND: Household food insecurity has been associated with increased risk of transmission of HIV infection and poor treatment outcomes. This study therefore determined the prevalence of household food insecurity and its associated factors among people living with HIV in Sagamu, Ogun State, Nigeria. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among 244 adult clients accessing care and support at the teaching hospital in Sagamu, Nigeria, selected via systematic sampling...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420249/increasing-hiv-testing-among-pregnant-women-in-nigeria-evaluating-the-traditional-birth-attendant-and-primary-health-center-integration-tap-in-model
#5
Amara Frances Chizoba, Jennifer R Pharr, Gina Oodo, Edith Ezeobi, Jude Ilozumb, Johnbull Egharevba, Echezona E Ezeanolue, Anthea Nwandu
Engaging Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs) may be critical to preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) in Nigeria. We integrated TBAs into Primary Health Centers (PHCs) and provided the TBAs with HIV counseling and testing (HCT) training for PMTCT (TAP-In). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of TAP-In on HCT uptake among pregnant women. A quasi-experimental design was used for this study. Twenty PHCs were assigned to the intervention group that integrated TAP-In and 20 were assigned to the control group...
April 18, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410829/metabolic-syndrome-among-hiv-infected-patients-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study-in-northwestern-nigeria
#6
Fakhraddeen Yahya Muhammad, Ibrahim Danjummai Gezawa, Andrew Uloko, Ahmad Maifada Yakasai, Abdulrazaq Garba Habib, Garba Iliyasu
INTRODUCTION: The increasing availability of antiretroviral drugs has made HIV-positive patients to live longer, and conditions that are associated with longevity such as metabolic syndrome and other cardiovascular related conditions have become relevant in them. This is less well studied among African populations. Therefore the study aimed at estimating and comparing the prevalence of and associated risk factors for the metabolic syndrome (MS) among African HIV infected patients. METHOD: In this comparative cross-sectional study, we analyzed the data of 300 participants matched for age and gender who satisfied the inclusion criteria with half of the subjects on HAART, while the other half was HAART naïve...
April 5, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409538/prevalence-and-predictors-of-severe-menopause-symptoms-among-hiv-positive-and-negative-nigerian-women
#7
Patricia A Agaba, Seema T Meloni, Halima M Sule, Amaka N Ocheke, Emmanuel I Agaba, John A Idoko, Phyllis J Kanki
We compared the prevalence of menopause symptoms between women living with HIV to their HIV-negative peers and determined predictors of severe menopause symptoms in Jos, Nigeria. This descriptive cross-sectional study included 714 women aged 40-80 years. We compared prevalence and severity of menopause symptoms using the menopause rating scale (MRS). Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the predictors of severe symptoms. Six-hundred and seven (85.0%) were HIV-positive, with a mean duration of infection of 5...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399972/economic-support-intervention-improves-tuberculosis-treatment-outcomes-in-rural-nigeria
#8
K N Ukwaja, I Alobu, M Gidado, O Onazi, D C Oshi
SETTING: A secondary care hospital in rural Nigeria. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of providing financial incentives to tuberculosis (TB) patients under routine conditions, and to determine their impact on TB treatment outcomes in a low-resource setting. DESIGN: A prospective, non-randomised intervention study. RESULTS: A total of 294 TB patients (respectively 173 and 121 in the control and intervention periods of 3 months' duration each) were registered in the study...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398999/confronting-challenges-in-monitoring-and-evaluation-innovation-in-the-context-of-the-global-plan-towards-the-elimination-of-new-hiv-infections-among-children-by-2015-and-keeping-their-mothers-alive
#9
Anna K Radin, Andrew A Abutu, Margaret A Okwero, Michelle R Adler, Chukwuma Anyaike, Hilda T Asiimwe, Prosper Behumbiize, Timothy A Efuntoye, Rachel L King, Linda Nabitaka Kisaakye, Dolapo T Ogundehin, Benjamin Ryan Phelps, Heather Watts, Fitti Weissglas
The Global Plan Towards the Elimination of New HIV Infections Among Children by 2015 and Keeping Their Mothers Alive (Global Plan), which was launched in 2011, set a series of ambitious targets, including a reduction of new HIV infections among children by 90% by 2015 (from a baseline year of 2009) and AIDS-related maternal mortality by 50% by 2015. To reach these targets, the Global Plan called for unprecedented investments in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT), innovative new approaches to service delivery, immense collective effort on the programmatic and policy fronts, and importantly, a renewed focus on data collection and use...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395689/prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-hepatitis-c-and-human-immunodeficiency-viruses-and-evaluation-of-risk-factors-for-transmission-report-of-a-population-screening-in-nigeria
#10
U C Okonkwo, H Okpara, A Otu, S Ameh, Y Ogarekpe, H Osim, M Inyama
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HIV are common blood-borne infections unevenly distributed across regions in Nigeria. Few population-based prevalence studies have been done in Nigeria. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of HBV, HCV and HIV and risk factors for infection with these viruses in a Nigerian population. METHODS: Hepatitis B surface antigen, anti-HCV and HIV were assayed in 1 498 healthy adult participants...
March 29, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367026/comparison-of-calculated-versus-directly-measured-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-an-evaluation-of-ten-formulas-for-an-hiv-positive-population-in-sub-saharan-africa
#11
Ifeyinwa Osegbe, Martin Ugonabo, Chinwe Chukwuka, Ijeoma Meka, Nnamdi Nwosu
BACKGROUND: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC) is a modifiable risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, therefore needs to be assessed and monitored. Direct homogeneous assays and various formulas exist to determine LDLC. We aimed to compare the directly measured LDL (dLDLC) with ten formulas for estimating LDLC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a 2-year retrospective study of fasting lipid profile results obtained from HIV-positive patients attending an outpatient clinic at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria, using homogeneous direct assays...
April 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357128/impact-of-comorbidity-on-adverse-drug-reaction-profile-in-a-cohort-of-patients-treated-with-artemisinin-combination-therapies-for-uncomplicated-malaria-in-nigeria
#12
Peter U Bassi, Adeline I Osakwe, Comfort K Ogar, Cassandra Elagbaje, Biyaya B Nwankwo, Sulayman T Balogun, Godwin N Ntadom, Ambrose O Isah
Artemisinin-based combination antimalarial therapy (ACTs), is still highly effective in uncomplicated falciparum malaria, however, there remain some concerns in relation to its safety and tolerability. Comorbid disease conditions may influence susceptibility to adverse drug reactions (ADRs) as the presence of multiple disease conditions may predisposes patients to ADRs due to the use of many medicines. There is therefore need to assess the impact of comorbidities on the ADR profile of malaria patients treated with ACTs...
April 2017: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346490/effect-of-hiv-and-malaria-parasites-co-infection-on-immune-hematological-profiles-among-patients-attending-anti-retroviral-treatment-art-clinic-in-infectious-disease-hospital-kano-nigeria
#13
Feyisayo Ebenezer Jegede, Tinuade Ibijoke Oyeyi, Surajudeen Abiola Abdulrahman, Henry Akwen Mbah, Titilope Badru, Chinedu Agbakwuru, Oluwasanmi Adedokun
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and malaria co-infection may present worse health outcomes in the tropics. Information on HIV/malaria co-infection effect on immune-hematological profiles is critical for patient care and there is a paucity of such data in Nigeria. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate immune-hematological profiles among HIV infected patients compared to HIV/malaria co-infected for ART management improvement. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study conducted at Infectious Disease Hospital, Kano...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345730/electrocardiographic-abnormalities-in-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-hiv-subjects-in-south-east-nigeria
#14
Innocent Chukwuemeka Okoye, Ernest Ndukaife Anyabolu
BACKGROUND: Cardiac complications of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are important causes of morbidity and mortality. We set out to determine the electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities in treatment-naïve HIV-positive patients in Enugu, south-east Nigeria. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving 250 HIV-positive and 200 HIV-negative subjects. Demographic and anthropometric data, relevant investigations and ECG results were compared between the groups...
March 23, 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337490/effect-of-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-prophylaxis-on-feacal-carriage-rates-of-resistant-isolates-of-escherichia-coli-in-hiv-infected-adult-patients-in-lagos
#15
C C Egwuatu, F T Ogunsola, A A Iwuafor, C N Akujobi, T O Egwuatu, A U Nnachi, O O Oduyebo
BACKGROUND: The daily use of Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) prophylaxis reduces morbidity and mortality among patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) but its impact on increasing antimicrobial resistance rates has been of public health concern, globally. This study investigated the effect of daily TMP-SMX prophylaxis on feacal carriage rates of resistant isolates of Escherichia coli in HIV-infected adult patients in Lagos. METHODS: A total of 550 HIV-infected patients with CD4-cell counts of less than 350 cells/mm(3) who were eligible for TMP-SMX prophylaxis and attending Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria, were recruited for this study...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334859/neurocognitive-function-of-school-aged-hiv-infected-children-in-enugu-nigeria
#16
Kenechukwu K Iloh, Ifeoma J Emodi, Ngozi S Ibeziako, Anthony N Ikefuna, Agozie C Ubesie, Ogochukwu N Iloh, Gideon C Ilechukwu, Adaeze C Ayuk
Background: Evidence has shown neurocognitive problems often exist among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children. There are limited data for children in Nigeria. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 100 school-aged perinatally HIV-infected children seen in the paediatric HIV clinic and age/sex-matched controls from the general paediatric clinic. Neuro-cognitive functioning was assessed using the Raven's progressive matrices (RPM) that has been adapted for the Nigerian population...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331636/patient-experiences-of-decentralized-hiv-treatment-and-care-in-plateau-state-north-central-nigeria-a-qualitative-study
#17
Grace O Kolawole, Hannah N Gilbert, Nancin Y Dadem, Becky L Genberg, Patricia A Agaba, Prosper Okonkwo, Oche O Agbaji, Norma C Ware
Background. Decentralization of care and treatment for HIV infection in Africa makes services available in local health facilities. Decentralization has been associated with improved retention and comparable or superior treatment outcomes, but patient experiences are not well understood. Methods. We conducted a qualitative study of patient experiences in decentralized HIV care in Plateau State, north central Nigeria. Five decentralized care sites in the Plateau State Decentralization Initiative were purposefully selected...
2017: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317812/evaluation-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-case-detection-improvement-with-the-deployment-of-xpertmtb-rif-in-the-tuberculosis-control-program-of-cross-river-state-nigeria
#18
Ernest Afu Ochang, Ubleni E Emanghe, Atana Ewa, Akaninyene Otu, Jonah B Offor, Micheal Odo, Aniekan Etokidem, Barinadaa Afirima, Oju Eni Owuna, Sunday M Obeten, Martin M Meremikwu
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Global indices show that Nigeria has the highest tuberculosis (TB)-related mortality rate. Overdependence on Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) smear microscopy for diagnosis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS has limited control efforts. The new polymerase chain reaction-based XpertMTB/Rif (Cepheid Inc., CA, USA), which detects Mycobacterium tuberculosis and rifampicin resistance, was introduced in Cross River State in 2014. We evaluated the increment in pulmonary TB case detection following introduction of XpertMTB/Rif into the Cross River State TB control program...
January 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304326/group-b-streptococcus-colonization-and-hiv-in-pregnancy-a-cohort-study-in-nigeria
#19
R Biobaku Oluwafunmilola, O Olaleye Atinukek, F Adefusi Olorunwa, A Adeyemi Babalola, O Onipede Anthony, M Loto Olabisi, O Imaralu John
BACKGROUND: Group B streptococcus (GBS) is a leading cause of maternal and neonatal infectious morbidity. HIV is prevalent among pregnant women in Nigeria. AIM: To determine the rates of anogenital GBS colonization in our institution and compare GBS colonization rates between HIV positive and negative pregnant women. METHODS: A cross-sectional comparative study was conducted over 6 months. Patients were separated according to their HIV status: positive and negative...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293763/erratum-to-barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-adherence-to-exclusive-breastfeeding-practices-among-hiv-infected-and-non-infected-women-in-jos-nigeria
#20
Bronwynè Coetzee, Mark Tomlinson, Sophia Osawe, Alash'le Abimiku, Ashraf Kagee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
keyword
keyword
116866
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"