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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132270/occupational-exposure-attitude-to-hiv-positive-patients-and-uptake-of-hiv-counselling-and-testing-among-health-care-workers-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-nigeria
#1
Modupe O Onadeko, Mary O Balogun, Olanrewaju O Onigbogi, Folashade O Omokhodion
Health care workers (HCWs) are at risk of occupational exposure to HIV. Their attitude to HIV-positive patients influences patients' willingness and ability to access quality care. HIV counselling and testing (HCT) services are available to inform HCWs and patients about their status. There is little information about HCT uptake and attitude to HIV-positive patients among HCWs in tertiary health facilities in Nigeria. The aim of this study was to determine occupational exposure and attitude to HIV-positive patients and level of uptake of HCT services among HCWs in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119359/early-hiv-infection-among-persons-referred-for-malaria-parasite-testing-in-nigeria
#2
Babatunde A Olusola, David O Olaleye, Georgina N Odaibo
Persons in the early stages of HIV infection are the major drivers of new infections. These individuals may also develop renal dysfunctions at this time. Nigeria, as other African countries, has one of the highest prevalence of newly diagnosed HIV infections. Despite this, limited information exists on early HIV detection in the continent. This may be related to difficulties in providing early HIV diagnosis and treatment. Patients referred for malaria testing may provide a unique opportunity for early HIV detection...
November 8, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118990/expanding-hiv-aids-care-service-sites-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-community-pharmacists-views-in-south-east-nigeria
#3
Nnenna Ajagu, Maureen Ugonwa Anetoh, Sunday Odunke Nduka
Background: Community pharmacists are very accessible to most patients yet; they have been underutilized in the aspect of providing HIV care and services. The World Health Organisation recently recommended expanding community pharmacists' roles to address the increasing complexity of antiretroviral agents and co-infection drug regimen. This study therefore was designed to assess the readiness and willingness of community pharmacists in Nigeria to participate in the care of people living with HIV/AIDS and the possible inclusion of their pharmacy premises as sites for HIV care services...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081673/a-3-year-retrospective-review-of-mortality-in-women-of-reproductive-age-in-a-tertiary-health-facility-in-port-harcourt-nigeria
#4
Ngozi C Orazulike, Justina O Alegbeleye, Christopher C Obiorah, Tamunomie K Nyengidiki, Samuel A Uzoigwe
PURPOSE: To determine the causes of death and associated risk factors among women of reproductive age (WRA) in a tertiary institution in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective survey of all deaths in women aged 15-49 years at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital that occurred from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2015. Data retrieved from ward registers, death registers, and death certificates were analyzed with Epi Info version 7...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080312/highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-and-cervical-cytologic-abnormalities-among-women-with-hiv-infection-in-a-limited-resource-setting
#5
Joseph O Ugboaja, Charlotte Blanche Oguejiofor, Onyecherelam M Ogelle
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and cervical cytologic abnormalities among women with HIV infection. METHODS: A cross-sectional prospective study was undertaken of 110 women attending an HIV clinic in Nnewi, Nigeria, between January 2016 and January 2017. A cervical smear was obtained. A bivariate analysis was undertaken, and multiple logistic regression models were used to identify factors independently associated with cervical cytologic analysis...
October 28, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073829/hiv-testing-among-male-partners-of-pregnant-women-in-nigeria-a-missing-link-in-the-elimination-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv
#6
Babayemi O Olakunde, Daniel A Adeyinka, Tolulope Oladele, Chamberline E Ozigbu
In this study, we assessed male partner testing and the serodiscordance rate among pregnant women and their partners in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programme in Nigeria. We conducted a retrospective analysis of the consolidated national health sector PMTCT data over a five-year period (2012-2016). Over the period, a total of 11,833,062 pregnant women were tested for HIV with a positivity rate of 2.2%. About 266,188 (2.2%) of sexual partners of pregnant women who presented at PMTCT clinics had an HIV test within the period...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072229/predictors-of-male-condom-utilization-in-plateau-state-nigeria
#7
M P Chingle, P A Odunze, A Mohammed, T T Bitto, O Y Sodipo, A I Zoakah
BACKGROUND: Nigerian men play major roles in the reproductive decision-making process, including issues concerning fertility. Despite efforts made by the government to reduce the incidence of HIV by using condom as a means of dual protection, the utilization of male condom is still relatively low in Nigeria. This study aimed to assess the condom utilization and predictors of condom use among male respondents in Plateau State. METHODOLOGY: An analysis of secondary data of the 2013 Nigeria Demographic Health Survey dataset was done...
September 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062326/isolation-and-evaluation-of-candida-species-and-their-association-with-cd4-t-cells-counts-in-hiv-patients-with-diarrhoea
#8
Ayobami Awoyeni, Olarinde Olaniran, Babatunde Odetoyin, Rachel Hassan-Olajokun, Bolatito Olopade, David Afolayan, Oluwakayode Adekunle
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal infection is one of the most common infections among HIV patients. Candida spp have been implicated in the aetiology of chronic diarrhoea in HIV patients, but little is known about this in Nigeria. OBJECTIVES: We determined the prevalence of faecal candidiasis in HIV patients in relation to diarrhoea, CD4 counts, and other socio-demographic factors and the spectrum of Candida isolates involved. METHODS: One hundred and fifty four HIV patients were investigated...
June 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062325/demographic-and-epidemiological-characteristics-of-hiv-opportunistic-infections-among-older-adults-in-nigeria
#9
Joshua O Akinyemi, Babatunde O Ogunbosi, Adetona S Fayemiwo, Olubukola A Adesina, Michael Obaro, Modupe A Kuti, Olutosin A Awolude, David O Olaleye, Isaac F Adewole
BACKGROUND: In view of the maturing HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa, better understanding of its epidemiology among older adults is necessary in order to design appropriate care and treatment programmes for them. OBJECTIVES: To describe the demographic and epidemiological characteristics of HIV opportunistic infections among newly enrolled patients aged 50 years and above in Ibadan, South-West Nigeria. METHODS: Analysis of data extracted from electronic records of 17, 312 subjects enrolled for HIV/AIDS care and treatment between January 2006 and December 2014 at the ART clinic, University College Hospital, Ibadan...
June 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062324/effect-of-vitamin-a-and-vitamin-c-supplementation-on-oxidative-stress-in-hiv-and-hiv-tb-co-infection-at-lagos-university-teaching-hospital-luth-nigeria
#10
Oluwamayowa Makinde, Kunle Rotimi, Victor Ikumawoyi, Titilope Adeyemo, Sunday Olayemi
BACKGROUND: HIV and TB infections are both associated with elevated oxidative stress parameters. Anti-oxidant supplementation may offer beneficial effects in positively modulating oxidative stress parameters in HIV and HIV-TB infected patients. We investigated the effects of vitamin A and C supplementation on oxidative stress in HIV infected and HIV-TB co-infected subjects. METHODS: 40 HIV/TB co-infected and 50 HIV mono-infected patients were divided into 2 equal groups...
June 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057084/changes-in-the-haematological-parameters-of-hiv-1-infected-children-at-6-and-12-months-of-antiretroviral-therapy-in-a-large-clinic-cohort-north-central-nigeria
#11
EDITORIAL
Augustine O Ebonyi, Stephen Oguche, Martha O Ochoga, Oche O Agbaji, Joseph A Anejo-Okopi, Isaac O Abah, Prosper I Okonkwo, John A Idoko
BACKGROUND: Prior to commencing antiretroviral therapy (ART), haematological abnormalities are a common occurrence in individuals diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). In the course of receiving ART, these abnormalities usually improve. We determined the prevalence of haematological abnormalities in children diagnosed with HIV-1 and the changes in haematological parameters that occur after 6 and 12 months of being on ART. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of HIV-1 infected children aged 2 months to 15 years, between July 2005 and March 2013, at the paediatric HIV clinic of the Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050514/modelling-self-assessed-vulnerability-to-hiv-and-its-associated-factors-in-a-hiv-burdened-country
#12
A F Fagbamigbe, A M Lawal, E S Idemudia
BACKGROUND: Globally, individuals' self-assessment of vulnerability to HIV infection is important to maintain safer sexual behaviour and reduce risky behaviours. However, determinants of self-perceived risk of HIV infection are not well documented and differ. We assessed the level of self-perceived vulnerability to HIV infection in Nigeria and also identified its risk factors. METHODS: We explored a recent nationally representative data with self-reported vulnerability ('high', 'low' and 'no risk at all') to HIV infection as the outcome of interest...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992154/the-patient-centered-medical-home-a-reality-for-hiv-care-in-nigeria
#13
Aima A Ahonkhai, Ifeyinwa Onwuatuelo, Susan Regan, Abdulkabir Adegoke, Elena Losina, Bolanle Banigbe, Juliet Adeola, Timothy G Ferris, Prosper Okonkwo, Kenneth A Freedberg
Objective: HIV care delivery in resource-limited settings (RLS) may serve as a paradigm for chronic disease care, but comprehensive measurement frameworks are lacking. Our objective was to adapt the patient-centered medical home (PCMH) framework for use in RLS, and evaluate the performance of HIV treatment programs within this framework. Design and setting: Cross-sectional survey administered within the AIDS Prevention Initiative in Nigeria (APIN) network. Participants: Medical directors at APIN clinics...
October 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984760/implementation-effectiveness-of-revised-post-2010-world-health-organization-guidelines-on-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-using-routinely-collected-data-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
Sehlulekile Gumede-Moyo, Suzanne Filteau, Tendai Munthali, Jim Todd, Patrick Musonda
BACKGROUND: To synthesize and evaluate the impact of implementing post-2010 World Health Organization (WHO) prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) guidelines on attainment of PMTCT targets. METHODS: Retrospective and prospective cohort study designs that utilized routinely collected data with a focus on provision and utilization of the cascade of PMTCT services were included. The outcomes included the proportion of pregnant women who were tested during their antenatal clinic (ANC) visits; mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) rate; adherence; retention rate; and loss to follow-up (LTFU)...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977585/a-study-of-malaria-parasite-density-in-hiv-1-positive-under-fives-in-benin-city-nigeria
#15
Ikechukwu Okonkwo, Michael Ibadin, Wilson Sadoh, Austine Omoigberale
Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and malaria are leading causes of morbidity and mortality among under-fives in sub-Saharan Africa. HIV infection could affect development of antimalarial immunity by impaired parasite clearance with predisposition to higher malaria parasitaemia. Objective: The objective of this study is to assess asymptomatic malaria parasite density (AMPD) in HIV-1-infected under-fives in a holoendemic zone. Methods: HIV-1-positive and -negative children <5 years on follow-up care were recruited and AMPD and CD4 counts were determined...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976064/benefits-and-extent-of-cam-use-among-persons-living-with-hiv-attending-an-antiretroviral-therapy-clinic-in-warri-nigeria
#16
Ufuoma S Ahwinahwi, Valentine U Odili, Jeremiah Ogubere
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to assess the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies among patients on anti-retroviral therapies as well as the possible reasons for their use. METHOD: This cross-sectional survey was conducted with the aid of an interviewer-administered questionnaire on HIV-positive patients attending the antiretroviral therapy clinic (Heart-to-Heart centre) of the Central Hospital, Warri, Nigeria. Patients who were 18 years and over were included after a brief introductory talk on the nature of the study...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971730/association-between-sex-cd4-cell-counts-antiretroviral-medications-and-olfactory-and-gustatory-functions-of-hiv-infected-adults
#17
Ayotunde James Fasunla, Ukamaka Nwankwo, Ayodeji Matthew Adebayo, Onyekwere George Nwaorgu
Objective To investigate the olfactory and gustatory functions of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected adults in Ibadan, Nigeria. Study Design A cross-sectional study of olfactory and gustatory functions of HIV-infected adults between March 2015 and December 2015. Setting Tertiary health institution. Subjects and Methods A structured questionnaire was administered to participants to obtain relevant sociodemographic and clinical information. Participants' nadir and most recent CD4 cell count and viral loads were obtained from their medical records...
September 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970686/knowledge-and-attitude-of-donating-and-using-cord-blood-for-transfusion-among-patients-attending-nnamdi-azikiwe-university-teaching-hospital-nnewi-south-east-nigeria
#18
Chide E Okocha, Nkiru N Ezeama, John C Aneke, Chinyere U Onubogu, Charles I Okafor, Chijioke G Egbunike
BACKGROUND: Allogeneic blood for transfusion is in short supply in most parts of the developing world. Cord blood for transfusion can be a significant source of blood supply to our health institutions. AIMS: This study aims to investigate the knowledge and attitude to the donation and use of umbilical cord blood (UCB) for transfusion among the patients receiving services in a tertiary health institution in South-East Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study; an anonymous structured questionnaire was used...
July 2017: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966749/issues-surrounding-hiv-status-disclosure-experiences-of-seropositive-women-in-lagos-nigeria
#19
Oluwaseun E Oseni, Ifeoma P Okafor, Adekemi O Sekoni
BACKGROUND: Disclosure of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositivity by infected women is crucial in HIV control. To determine the rates, patterns, effects, and determinants of disclosure of status among HIV-positive women in Lagos, Nigeria. METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. Simple random sampling method was used to select 364 HIV-positive women accessing care in HIV treatment centers in Lagos Island. Data were collected using interviewer-administered questionnaires and analyzed with Epi Info (version 3...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961680/high-prevalence-of-hiv-drug-resistance-among-newly-diagnosed-infants-aged-18-months-results-from-a-nationwide-surveillance-in-nigeria
#20
Seth Chekata Inzaule, Samuels Jay Osi, Gbenga Akinbiyi, Asadu Emeka, Hadiza Khamofu, Rex Mpazanje, Oluwafunke Ilesanmi, Nicaise Ndembi, Solomon Odafe, Kim C E Sigaloff, Tobias F Rinke de Wit, Sulaimon Akanmu
BACKGROUND: The world-health organization recommends protease-inhibitor-based first-line regimen in infants due to risk of drug resistance from failed prophylaxis used in prevention-of-mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT). However cost and logistics impede implementation in sub-Saharan Africa and >75% of children still receive non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-based regimen (NNRTI) used in PMTCT. METHODS: We assessed the national pre-treatment drug resistance prevalence of HIV-infected children <18 months in Nigeria, using the WHO recommended HIV drug resistance surveillance protocol...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
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