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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241259/-competence-based-catalogue-of-learning-objectives-for-rehabilitation-physical-medicine-naturopathic-treatment-revised-version-joint-recommendations-of-the-german-society-of-rehabilitation-science-and-the-german-society-of-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation
#1
Wilfried Mau, Max Emanuel Liebl, Ruth Deck, Uwe Lange, Ulrich Christian Smolenski, Susanne Walter, Christoph Gutenbrunner
Since the first publication of learning objectives for the interdisciplinary subject "Rehabilitation, Physical Medicine, Naturopathic Treatment" in undergraduate medical education in 2004 a revision is reasonable due to heterogenous teaching programmes in the faculties and the introduction of the National Competence Based Catalogue of Learning Objectives in Medicine as well as the "Masterplan Medical Education 2020". Therefore the German Society of Rehabilitation Science and the German Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation started a structured consensus process using the DELPHI-method to reduce the learning objectives and arrange them more clearly...
December 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238314/computational-psychometrics-for-the-measurement-of-collaborative-problem-solving-skills
#2
Stephen T Polyak, Alina A von Davier, Kurt Peterschmidt
This paper describes a psychometrically-based approach to the measurement of collaborative problem solving skills, by mining and classifying behavioral data both in real-time and in post-game analyses. The data were collected from a sample of middle school children who interacted with a game-like, online simulation of collaborative problem solving tasks. In this simulation, a user is required to collaborate with a virtual agent to solve a series of tasks within a first-person maze environment. The tasks were developed following the psychometric principles of Evidence Centered Design (ECD) and are aligned with the Holistic Framework developed by ACT...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235615/-music-therapy-as-a-non-pharmacological-treatment-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#3
N Garcia-Casares, R M Moreno-Leiva, J A Garcia-Arnes
INTRODUCTION: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease which involves, among other manifestations, a progressive deterioration of memory and language, as well as behavioral disorders. In addition to non-curative pharmacological therapies, for the last years, music therapy has been developed as an effective non-pharmacological therapy in order to relieve many of these manifestations. AIM: To analyze the recent scientific evidence about the effect of music therapy on cognitive and behavioral symptoms in patients with AD...
December 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235167/care-for-child-development-an-intervention-in-support-of-responsive-caregiving-and-early-child-development
#4
J E Lucas, L M Richter, B Daelmans
BACKGROUND: An estimated 43% of children younger than 5 years of age are at elevated risk of failing to achieve their human potential. In response, the World Health Organization and UNICEF developed Care for Child Development (CCD), based on the science of child development, to improve sensitive and responsive caregiving and promote the psychosocial development of young children. METHODS: In 2015, the World Health Organization and UNICEF identified sites where CCD has been implemented and sustained...
January 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233417/comparison-of-student-confidence-and-perceptions-of-biochemistry-concepts-using-a-team-based-learning-versus-traditional-lecture-based-format
#5
Rebecca Gryka, Mary E Kiersma, Tracy R Frame, Stephanie M Cailor, Aleda M H Chen
PURPOSE: To evaluate differences in student confidence and perceptions of biochemistry concepts using a team-based learning (TBL) format versus a traditional lecture-based format at two universities. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY: Two pedagogies (TBL vs lecture-based) were utilized to deliver biochemistry concepts at two universities in a first-professional year, semester-long biochemistry course. A 21-item instrument was created and administered pre-post semester to assess changes in confidence in learning biochemistry concepts using Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory (eight items, 5-point, Likert-type) and changes in student perceptions of biochemistry utilizing the theory of planned behavior (TPB) domains (13 items, 7- point, Likert-type)...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231355/-a-survey-on-knowledge-of-acupuncture-disease-spectrum-and-expectation-of-acupuncture-treatment-in-chengdu-residents
#6
Tao Xu, Shaoqing Ye, Yu Shi, Tongtong Xu, Qi Wang, Si Li, Youruo Zhang, Yi Lan, Ling Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To understand the knowledge of acupuncture disease spectrum, expectation of acupuncture treatment in Chengdu residents. METHODS: A questionnaire regarding the knowledge of acupuncture disease spectrum and expectation of acupuncture treatment in Chengdu residents was established. By field sampling and internet survey, related data were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Totally 1 548 valid questionnaires were collected, including 1 041 from field survey and 507 from internet survey...
August 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230234/the-epigenetic-cytocrin-pathway-to-the-nucleus-epigenetic-factors-epigenetic-mediators-and-epigenetic-traits-a-biochemist-perspective
#7
Gemma Navarro, Nuria Franco, Eva Martínez-Pinilla, Rafael Franco
A single word, Epigenetics, underlies one exciting subject in today's Science, with different sides and with interactions with philosophy. The apparent trivial description includes everything in between genotype and phenotype that occurs for a given unique DNA sequence/genome. This Perspective article first presents an historical overview and the reasons for the lack of consensus in the field, which derives from different interpretations of the diverse operative definitions of Epigenetics. In an attempt to reconcile the different views, we propose a novel concept, the "cytocrin system...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227709/a-review-study-on-the-beneficial-effects-of-baduanjin
#8
Liye Zou, Zhujun Pan, Albert Yeung, Saira Talwar, Chaoyi Wang, Yang Liu, Yankai Shu, Xiaoan Chen, Garrett Anthony Thomas
AIM: Baduanjin, a Chinese traditional Qigong exercise that focuses on a mind-body integration, is considered to be an effective exercise in promoting health. Thus, we systematically and critically evaluated the emerging literature relating to the effects of Baduanjin on health outcomes. METHODS: We used seven English-language electronic databases for the literature search. At least one health-related parameter was reported in retrievable full-text Baduanjin intervention studies...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226124/epigenetic-and-neural-circuitry-landscape-of-psychotherapeutic-interventions
#9
REVIEW
Christopher W T Miller
The science behind psychotherapy has garnered considerable interest, as objective measures are being developed to map the patient's subjective change over the course of treatment. Prenatal and early life influences have a lasting impact on how genes are expressed and the manner in which neural circuits are consolidated. Transgenerationally transmitted epigenetic markers as well as templates of enhanced thought flexibility versus evasion can be passed down from parent to child. This influences gene expression/repression (impacting neuroplasticity) and kindling of neurocircuitry which can perpetuate maladaptive cognitive processing seen in a number of psychiatric conditions...
2017: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225669/self-regulation-principles-underlying-risk-perception-and-decision-making-within-the-context-of-genomic-testing
#10
Linda D Cameron, Barbara Bowles Biesecker, Ellen Peters, Jennifer M Taber, William M P Klein
Advances in theory and research on self-regulation and decision-making processes have yielded important insights into how cognitive, emotional, and social processes shape risk perceptions and risk-related decisions. We examine how self-regulation theory can be applied to inform our understanding of decision-making processes within the context of genomic testing, a clinical arena in which individuals face complex risk information and potentially life-altering decisions. After presenting key principles of self-regulation, we present a genomic testing case example to illustrate how principles related to risk representations, approach and avoidance motivations, emotion regulation, defensive responses, temporal construals, and capacities such as numeric abilities can shape decisions and psychological responses during the genomic testing process...
May 2017: Social and Personality Psychology Compass
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222708/correction-to-effect-of-renal-transplantation-on-cognitive-function-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-longitudinal-study
#11
Yogesh K Chhabra, Sanjay Sood, Omprakash Rathi, Sandeep Mahajan
In the original publication, the second author's affiliation was incorrectly published as "Department of Physiology, RAK College of Medical Sciences, Ras Al Khaimah, UAE". The correct affiliation should read as "Visiting Academic, Basic Medical Sciences Department, College of Medicine, University of Sharjah (UAE)".
December 8, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217330/-cognitive-neuroscience-of-aging-contributions-and-challenges
#12
Fernando Díaz, Arturo X Pereiro
The cognitive neuroscience of aging is a young discipline that has emerged as a result of the combination of: A) the theoretical and explanatory frameworks proposed by the cognitive psychology perspective throughout the second half of the twentieth century; B) the designs and methodological procedures arising from experimental psychology and the need to test the hypotheses proposed from the cognitive psychology perspective; C) the contributions of the computer sciences to the explanation of brain functions; and D) the development and use of neuroimaging techniques that have enabled the recording of brain activity in humans while tasks that test some cognitive process or function are performed...
December 4, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209255/potential-for-assessing-dynamic-problem-solving-at-the-beginning-of-higher-education-studies
#13
Benő Csapó, Gyöngyvér Molnár
There is a growing demand for assessment instruments which can be used in higher education, which cover a broader area of competencies than the traditional tests for disciplinary knowledge and domain-specific skills, and which measure students' most important general cognitive capabilities. Around the age of the transition from secondary to tertiary education, such assessments may serve several functions, including selecting the best-prepared candidates for certain fields of study. Dynamic problem-solving (DPS) is a good candidate for such a role, as tasks that assess it involve knowledge acquisition and knowledge utilization as well...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208070/neuropsychological-outcomes-in-chd-beyond-childhood-a-meta-analysis
#14
Rónán Mills, Christopher G McCusker, Chris Tennyson, Donncha Hanna
BACKGROUND: Risk for neurodevelopmental delay in infants and children with CHD is well established, but longer-term outcomes are equivocal. A meta-analysis was conducted to establish whether cognitive deficits remain beyond childhood - into teenage and young adult years. Methods and results A total of 18 unique samples, involving adolescents, teenagers, and adults with CHD significant enough to require invasive intervention, and sourced through searches of Web of Science, MEDLINE, CINAHL Plus, and PsychInfo, met the inclusion criteria...
December 6, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204259/early-development-of-infants-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1-a-case-series
#15
Anna May Kolesnik, Emily Jane Harrison Jones, Shruti Garg, Jonathan Green, Tony Charman, Mark Henry Johnson
Background: Prospective studies of infants at familial risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have yielded insights into the earliest signs of the disorder but represent heterogeneous samples of unclear aetiology. Complementing this approach by studying cohorts of infants with monogenic syndromes associated with high rates of ASD offers the opportunity to elucidate the factors that lead to ASD. Methods: We present the first report from a prospective study of ten 10-month-old infants with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), a monogenic disorder with high prevalence of ASD or ASD symptomatology...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203749/didactic-aspects-of-cognition-of-human-as-a-bio-psycho-socio-cultural-personality
#16
Borys I Palamar, Halyna O Vaskivska, Svitlana P Palamar
Modern education, according to leading Ukrainian scientists, requires the development of a new paradigm, which will consider the phenomenon of man holistically. The article describes didactic aspects of cognition of human as a bio-psycho-socio-cultural personality, as social fact, as a phenomenon. For the actualization of the didactic aspects of the problem, the authors used the methods of scientific literature analysis, systemic analysis and generalizations, analysis own practice of didactic and methodological character...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200508/a-bayesian-network-meta-analysis-to-synthesize-the-influence-of-contexts-of-scaffolding-use-on-cognitive-outcomes-in-stem-education
#17
Brian R Belland, Andrew E Walker, Nam Ju Kim
Computer-based scaffolding provides temporary support that enables students to participate in and become more proficient at complex skills like problem solving, argumentation, and evaluation. While meta-analyses have addressed between-subject differences on cognitive outcomes resulting from scaffolding, none has addressed within-subject gains. This leaves much quantitative scaffolding literature not covered by existing meta-analyses. To address this gap, this study used Bayesian network meta-analysis to synthesize within-subjects (pre-post) differences resulting from scaffolding in 56 studies...
December 2017: Review of Educational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199000/research-needs-to-understand-self-management-in-men-with-luts-a-review-and-summary-of-an-niddk-workshop
#18
EDITORIAL
Jenna M Norton, Tamara G Bavendam, William Elwood, Steven J Jacobsen, Steven A Kaplan, John W Kusek, Yining Xie, Robert A Star, Ziya Kirkali
Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are common in men and impose significant economic, health and quality of life burdens. Despite an expanding view of LUTS etiology and challenges with medical and surgical treatments, LUTS research has continued to focus primarily on surgical or pharmaceutical treatment of urinary tract dysfunction, with little attention to behavioral, cognitive, or social factors. Further, self-management research is relatively underdeveloped in urology, despite its potential to support behavioral, pharmacologic, and surgical treatments for LUTS...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198282/neuropsychology-of-learning-disabilities-the-past-and-the-future
#19
Jack M Fletcher, Elena L Grigorenko
Over the past 50 years, research on children and adults with learning disabilities has seen significant advances. Neuropsychological research historically focused on the administration of tests sensitive to brain dysfunction to identify putative neural mechanisms underlying learning disabilities that would serve as the basis for treatment. Led by research on classifying and identifying learning disabilities, four pivotal changes in research paradigms have produced a contemporary scientific, interdisciplinary, and international understanding of these disabilities...
October 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198271/the-neuropsychology-of-traumatic-brain-injury-looking-back-peering-ahead
#20
Keith Owen Yeates, Harvey S Levin, Jennie Ponsford
The past 50 years have been a period of exciting progress in neuropsychological research on traumatic brain injury (TBI). Neuropsychologists and neuropsychological testing have played a critical role in these advances. This study looks back at three major scientific advances in research on TBI that have been critical in pushing the field forward over the past several decades: The advent of modern neuroimaging; the recognition of the importance of non-injury factors in determining recovery from TBI; and the growth of cognitive rehabilitation...
October 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
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