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Conscience

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614913/conscientious-objection-and-nurses-results-of-an-interpretive-phenomenological-study
#1
Christina Lamb, Yolanda Babenko-Mould, Marilyn Evans, Carol A Wong, Ken W Kirkwood
BACKGROUND: While conscientious objection is a well-known phenomenon in normative and bioethical literature, there is a lack of evidence to support an understanding of what it is like for nurses to make a conscientious objection in clinical practice including the meaning this holds for them and the nursing profession. RESEARCH QUESTION: The question guiding this research was: what is the lived experience of conscientious objection for Registered Nurses in Ontario? RESEARCH DESIGN: Interpretive phenomenological methodology was used to gain an in-depth understanding of what it means to be a nurse making a conscientious objection...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608648/conscientious-objection-in-medicine-accommodation-versus-professionalism-and-the-public-good
#2
Udo Schuklenk
Introduction: In recent years questions have arisen about the moral justification for the accommodation of health care professionals who refuse, on conscience grounds as opposed to professional grounds, to provide particular professional services to eligible patients who request that kind of service. Source of data: Literature review. Areas of disagreement: Central to concerns about the accommodation claims of conscientious objectors is that health care professionals volunteer to join their professions that typically they are the monopoly providers of such services and that a health care professional's refusal to provide professional services on grounds that are not professional judgements amounts to unprofessional conduct...
March 28, 2018: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596235/hhs-division-to-enforce-conscience-and-religious-freedom
#3
Dalia Sofer
When do a clinician's rights deny those of the patient?
April 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577583/conscientious-objection-in-reproductive-health-ancient-prerogative-or-harmful-practice
#4
John M Thorp
As the ethics of Medicine arose from philosophical seeds of thought around 500 BC, the Oath of Hippocrates called upon individual physician conscience to place patient well-being first and "do no harm". In the centuries since, this profound statement of ethics has been embraced and molded by Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, and Christianity. It remains pertinent to the vastly different and effective medical practice of the modern world such that many medical schools around the world still incorporate it into the graduation of future physicians...
March 26, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568559/unconscionable-how-the-u-s-supreme-court-s-jurisprudence-lags-behind-the-world-when-it-comes-to-contraception-and-conscience
#5
Aram A Schvey, Claire Kim
U.S. Supreme Court jurisprudence undermines access to contraception by permitting individuals, institutions, and even corporations to claim religious objections to ensuring contraceptive insurance coverage, thus imposing those beliefs on non-adherents and jeopardizing their access to essential reproductive-health services. This jurisprudence is not only harmful but also runs contrary to the laws and policies of peer nations, as well as international human rights principles, which are more protective of the rights of health-care recipients to make their own decisions about contraception free from interference...
2018: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537933/divisions-new-and-old-conscience-and-religious-freedom-at-hhs
#6
Lisa H Harris
In January, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) announced the creation of its Conscience and Religious Freedom Division, explaining that it will allow HHS’s Office of Civil Rights to "more vigorously and effectively enforce existing laws protecting the rights of conscience and..
March 14, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530675/the-conscience-of-an-mfm
#7
Steven J Ralston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524661/army-general-surgery-s-crisis-of-conscience
#8
Mary J Edwards, Christopher E White, Kyle N Remick, Kurt D Edwards, Kirby R Gross
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515485/personality-traits-of-profoundly-hearing-impaired-adolescents-with-cochlear-implants-a-comparison-with-normal-hearing-peers
#9
Merle Boerrigter, Anneke Vermeulen, Henri Marres, Margreet Langereis
The aim of this study was to compare the personality traits of adolescents with cochlear implants (CIs) to a reference group (normal-hearing peers). In the past, the personality development of hearing impaired adolescents was severely compromised. Improved speech perception with CI significantly increased their perspectives. In addition, differences between the reference group and CI users were investigated on personality traits according to level of speech perception skills (high/low) and level of language comprehension (adequate/poor)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478303/the-opinions-of-turkish-mental-health-nurses-on-physical-health-care-for-individuals-with-mental-illness-a-qualitative-study
#10
Sevecen Çelik İnce, Neslihan Partlak Günüşen, Özgü Serçe
BACKGROUND: Mental health nurses play an important role in improving the physical health of individuals with mental illnesses. However, there are limited studies of their attitudes and practices about physical health. Therefore, there is a need for qualitative studies to clarify the issue. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine mental health nurses' opinions about physical health care for individuals with mental illness. METHODS: This study was carried out in Turkey...
February 25, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440799/is-every-life-worth-saving-does-religion-and-religious-beliefs-influence-paramedic-s-end-of-life-decision-making-a-prospective-questionnaire-based-investigation
#11
Alexander Leibold, Christoph L Lassen, Nicole Lindenberg, Bernhard M Graf, Christoph Hr Wiese
Background: Paramedics, arriving on emergency cases first, have to make end-of-life decisions almost on a daily basis. Faith shapes attitudes toward the meaning and worth of life itself and therefore influences decision-making. Objective: The objective of this study was to detect whether or not religious and spiritual beliefs influence paramedics in their workday life concerning end-of-life decisions, and whether it is legally possible for them to act according to their conscience...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432038/work-requirements-and-conscience-protections
#12
Timothy Stoltzfus Jost
The Trump administration broke from its predecessors by authorizing Medicaid work requirements. It also proposed to dramatically broaden rights to refuse to provide treatments for religious and moral reasons.
February 12, 2018: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419639/the-development-of-defense-mechanisms-during-the-latency-period
#13
Phebe Cramer
The developmental period of latency, during middle childhood, has not been previously studied for possible change in the use of defense mechanisms. Using a validated narrative method to assess defenses, the present research examines change in children's defense use during this period. As predicted from theory, there was a significant increase in the use of the defense of Identification. This finding is consistent with theory that posits a shift at this time from defense against anxiety that is based on lack of impulse control to defense that is based on anxiety due to violation of conscience...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406763/-surrogacy-in-maternity-a-depersonalising-human-relationship-phenomenology
#14
Antonio Casciano
Ethical and bioethical problems, which are typical of the practice of surrogate motherhood, refer to its protagonists: the couple that orders it, due to its demand to satisfy the desire of paternity and maternity and the promptness of having a female body to fulfill its aspirations; the expectant mother, and the physical and psychic repercussions coming from the role performed in the surrogacy contract, as well as the risks of manipulation and exploitation, related to her position; the baby and his right to grow counting on the certainty of his parental relationships and on the preservation of his emotional balance...
January 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374872/-force-feeding-or-life-saving-dealing-with-hunger-strikes-in-israel
#15
Gil Siegal, Shimon Glick, Irit Offer-Stark, Avraham Steinberg
Force feeding of fasting hunger-striking prisoners is the subject of considerable controversy in Israel and elsewhere, posing a direct conflict between two basic ethical values: that of human life and respect for autonomy. The Israel Medical Association, as well as the World Medical Association, has taken the position that force feeding of such prisoners is an act of torture and is therefore unethical. However this paper presents an opposing view, which recently became the law in Israel, that, whereas the rights of prisoners to decree a hunger strike as a form of protest should be respected, if the prolongation of the strike reaches a stage of clear and present danger to the life and health of a prisoner, the saving of the prisoner's life must take precedence over considerations of autonomy...
January 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350709/pricks-of-conscience-a-needle-phobic-patient-s-experience-of-compassionate-nursing-care
#16
Charles Roussel
An oncology nurse's warmth, humor, and compassionate care have helped even the odds in my wife's decade-long battle with incurable cancer. Needle phobia and a complex chemotherapy regimen have made for a challenging course of treatment. However, working closely with us, my wife's care team has given us back the control that can so easily ebb with remission and relapse. 
.
February 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338915/the-significance-of-avoiding-household-food-waste-a-means-end-chain-approach
#17
Beate Richter, Wolfgang Bokelmann
Many humans suffer from hunger, while edible food is discarded. This study aims at showing the importance of avoiding food waste in households and its causes by applying the means-end-chain analysis. Additional the means-end-chain approach should be examined in how far the method is suitable to get insights towards this topic. Consumer backgrounds in terms of feelings and attitudes regarding food waste should be shown, with the particular question why food waste personally is important. The data collection occurred utilizing the hard laddering method within a quantitative online survey...
April 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302593/anticipating-the-role-of-the-intensive-care-unit-in-healthcare-and-life-trajectories
#18
REVIEW
Grégoire Moutel
Many people think that the intensive care unit is reserved for patients with extreme and life-threatening disease, and as such, it remains hypothetical in the collective conscience, and not something that can be predicted or anticipated. Yet, intensive care can be required in a number of situations, and raises many questions depending on whether the illness is chronic, or of sudden onset. It is essential, in this context, to ask whether, and how potential patients are informed, and prepared for the eventuality of intensive care unit (ICU) care...
December 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066603/reminiscing-about-jan-evangelista-purkinje-a-pioneer-of-modern-experimental-physiology
#19
Icilio Cavero, Jean-Michel Guillon, Henry H Holzgrefe
This article reminisces about the life and key scientific achievements of Jan Evangelista Purkinje (1787-1869), a versatile 19th century Czech pioneer of modern experimental physiology. In 1804, after completing senior high school, Purkinje joined the Piarist monk order, but, after a 3-yr novitiate, he gave up the religious calling "to deal more freely with science." In 1818, he earned a Medical Doctor degree from Prague University by defending a dissertation on intraocular phenomena observed in oneself...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049513/contraceptive-coverage-and-the-balance-between-conscience-and-access
#20
Ronit Y Stahl, Holly Fernandez Lynch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
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