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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355921/newborns-are-sensitive-to-the-correspondence-between-auditory-pitch-and-visuospatial-elevation
#1
Peter Walker, James Gavin Bremner, Marco Lunghi, Sarah Dolscheid, Beatrice D Barba, Francesca Simion
Amodal (redundant) and arbitrary cross-sensory feature associations involve the context-insensitive mapping of absolute feature values across sensory domains. Cross-sensory associations of a different kind, known as correspondences, involve the context-sensitive mapping of relative feature values. Are such correspondences in place at birth (like amodal associations), or are they learned from subsequently experiencing relevant feature co-occurrences in the world (like arbitrary associations)? To decide between these two possibilities, human newborns (median age = 44 hr) watched animations in which two balls alternately rose and fell together in space...
January 22, 2018: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355647/reliability-in-reporting-perceptual-experience-behaviour-and-electrophysiology-in-hemianopic-patients
#2
Chiara Mazzi, Chiara Francesca Tagliabue, Gaetano Mazzeo, Silvia Savazzi
Patients with hemianopia can present with the so called blindsight phenomenon: the ability to perform above chance in the absence of acknowledged awareness. Proper awareness reports are, thus, crucial to distinguish pure forms of blindsight from forms of conscious, yet degraded, vision. It has in fact been recently shown that 1) dichotomous and graded measures to assess awareness can lead to different behavioural results in patients with hemianopia and that 2) different grades of perceptual clarity show different electrophysiological correlates in healthy participants...
January 16, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354161/atypical-femur-fractures-a-distinctive-tract-of-adult-hypophosphatasia
#3
REVIEW
Francesca Marini, Maria Luisa Brandi
Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a congenital, rare and heterogeneous bone disorder, characterized by a deficit of calcified tissue mineralization, leading to skeletal deformities and osteomalacia in adults, rickets in infants and children, and fragility fractures and premature loss of dentition in children and adults. The disease is caused by a reduced or absent expression and activity of the tissue non-specific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP) enzyme, derived from inactivating mutations of the alkaline phosphatase (ALPL) gene...
September 2017: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353999/impact-of-pedal-arch-patency-on-tissue-loss-and-time-to-healing-in-diabetic-patients-with-foot-wounds-undergoing-infrainguinal-endovascular-revascularization
#4
Nicola Troisi, Filippo Turini, Emiliano Chisci, Leonardo Ercolini, Pierfrancesco Frosini, Renzo Lombardi, Francesca Falciani, Cristiana Baggiore, Roberto Anichini, Stefano Michelagnoli
Objective: To retrospectively evaluate the impact of pedal arch quality on tissue loss and time to healing in diabetic patients with foot wounds undergoing infrainguinal endovascular revascularization. Materials and Methods: Between January 2014 and June 2015, 137 consecutive diabetic patients with foot wounds underwent infrainguinal endovascular revascularization (femoro-popliteal or below-the-knee, arteries). Postprocedural angiography of the foot was used to divide the patients into the following three groups according to the pedal arch status: complete pedal arch (CPA), incomplete pedal arch (IPA), and absent pedal arch (APA)...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353931/occurrence-of-sheraphelenchus-sucus-nematoda-aphelenchoidinae-and-panagrellus-sp-rhabditida-panagrolaimidae-associated-with-decaying-pomegranate-fruit-in-italy
#5
Elena Fanelli, Alberto Troccoli, Nicola Vovlas, Gianluca Scarcia, Annamaria Mincuzzi, Simona M Sanzani, Antonio Ippolito, Francesca De Luca
Two different nematode species were recovered from pomegranate decaying fruit in two localities in Southern Italy: the mycetophagus nematode Sheraphelenchus sucus and a bacterial feeder nematode belonging to the Panagrolaimidae (Rhabditida) family. Morphometrics of the Italian population of S. sucus closely resemble that of the type population, whereas some differences were found when compared with another population from Iran. Molecular characterization of the Italian S. sucus using the 18S rRNA gene, D2-D3 expansion domains of the 28S rDNA, the ITS region, and the partial mitochondrial COI were carried out...
December 2017: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353876/dandelions-tulips-and-orchids-evidence-for-the-existence-of-low-sensitive-medium-sensitive-and-high-sensitive-individuals
#6
Francesca Lionetti, Arthur Aron, Elaine N Aron, G Leonard Burns, Jadzia Jagiellowicz, Michael Pluess
According to empirical studies and recent theories, people differ substantially in their reactivity or sensitivity to environmental influences with some being generally more affected than others. More sensitive individuals have been described as orchids and less-sensitive ones as dandelions. Applying a data-driven approach, we explored the existence of sensitivity groups in a sample of 906 adults who completed the highly sensitive person (HSP) scale. According to factor analyses, the HSP scale reflects a bifactor model with a general sensitivity factor...
January 22, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353705/association-between-scn1a-gene-polymorphisms-and-drug-resistant-epilepsy-in-pediatric-patients
#7
Lucia Margari, Anna R Legrottaglie, Alessandra Vincenti, Giangennaro Coppola, Francesca F Operto, Maura Buttiglione, Amalia Cassano, Nicola Bartolomeo, Maria A Mariggiò
PURPOSE: "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs)" could be an important explanation of drug resistance in epilepsy. The aim of this study was to investigate if genetic polymorphisms (SNPs) of the SCN1A gene could influence the response to anti - epileptic drugs (AED) and if they could predispose to a drug resistant epilepsy in pediatric patients. METHODS: We investigated SNPs in exon and intronic regions of the SCN1A gene in a sample of 120 pediatric patients, in both drug-resistant and drug-responsive patients...
January 5, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353680/feedback-mechanisms-between-snow-and-atmospheric-mercury-results-and-observations-from-field-campaigns-on-the-antarctic-plateau
#8
Andrea Spolaor, Hélène Angot, Marco Roman, Aurélien Dommergue, Claudio Scarchilli, Massimiliano Vardè, Massimo Del Guasta, Xanthi Pedeli, Cristiano Varin, Francesca Sprovieri, Olivier Magand, Michel Legrand, Carlo Barbante, Warren R L Cairns
The Antarctic Plateau snowpack is an important environment for the mercury geochemical cycle. We have extensively characterized and compared the changes in surface snow and atmospheric mercury concentrations that occur at Dome C. Three summer sampling campaigns were conducted between 2013 and 2016. The three campaigns had different meteorological conditions that significantly affected mercury deposition processes and its abundance in surface snow. In the absence of snow deposition events, the surface mercury concentration remained stable with narrow oscillations, while an increase in precipitation results in a higher mercury variability...
January 5, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353562/impaired-cognitive-plasticity-and-goal-directed-control-in-adolescent-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#9
Julia Gottwald, Sanne de Wit, Annemieke M Apergis-Schoute, Sharon Morein-Zamir, Muzaffer Kaser, Francesca Cormack, Akeem Sule, Winifred Limmer, Anna Conway Morris, Trevor W Robbins, Barbara J Sahakian
BACKGROUND: Youths with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) experience severe distress and impaired functioning at school and at home. Critical cognitive domains for daily functioning and academic success are learning, memory, cognitive flexibility and goal-directed behavioural control. Performance in these important domains among teenagers with OCD was therefore investigated in this study. METHODS: A total of 36 youths with OCD and 36 healthy comparison subjects completed two memory tasks: Pattern Recognition Memory (PRM) and Paired Associates Learning (PAL); as well as the Intra-Extra Dimensional Set Shift (IED) task to quantitatively gauge learning as well as cognitive flexibility...
January 22, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353224/coronary-microvascular-dysfunction-may-be-related-to-igf-1-in-acromegalic-patients-and-can-be-restored-by-therapy
#10
Sara Tellatin, Pietro Maffei, Elena Osto, Francesca Dassie, Giulia Famoso, Roberta Montisci, Chiara Martini, Francesco Fallo, Martina Perazzolo Marra, Roberto Mioni, Sabino Iliceto, Roberto Vettor, Francesco Tona
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acromegaly increases the risk of cardiovascular mortality. Data on the cardiovascular risk in asymptomatic acromegaly are limited. In particular, data on coronary microvascular abnormalities are lacking. We assessed coronary flow reserve (CFR) as a marker of coronary microvascular function in asymptomatic acromegaly. METHODS: We studied 40 acromegalic patients (23 male, age 52 ± 11 years) without clinical evidence of cardiovascular disease, and 40 control subjects matched for age and sex...
December 24, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352936/freeze-dried-chitosan-acetate-dressings-with-glycosaminoglycans-and-traxenamic-acid
#11
Francesca Saporito, Giuseppina Sandri, Silvia Rossi, Maria Cristina Bonferoni, Federica Riva, Lorenzo Malavasi, Carla Caramella, Franca Ferrari
Bleeding control plays an important role to increase survival in the early phase after a traumatic event. The aim of present work was the development of hemostatic sponge-like dressings based on chitosan, in association with glycosaminoglycans (GAG) (chondroitin sulfate or hyaluronic acid) and the improvement of their hemostatic performance by loading tranexamic acid (TA). The dressings were prepared by lyophilizazion and were characterized for mechanical, hydration, bioadhesion properties and morphology. Moreover, FTIR analysis was performed to understand the interactions between the different polyelectrolytes present in the dressings...
March 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352441/utility-of-tumor-burden-score-to-stratify-prognosis-of-patients-with-hepatocellular-cancer-results-of-4759-cases-from-ita-li-ca-study-group
#12
Alessandro Vitale, Quirino Lai, Fabio Farinati, Laura Bucci, Edoardo G Giannini, Lucia Napoli, Francesca Ciccarese, Gian Lodovico Rapaccini, Maria Di Marco, Eugenio Caturelli, Marco Zoli, Franco Borzio, Rodolfo Sacco, Giuseppe Cabibbo, Roberto Virdone, Fabio Marra, Martina Felder, Filomena Morisco, Luisa Benvegnù, Antonio Gasbarrini, Gianluca Svegliati-Baroni, Francesco Giuseppe Foschi, Gabriele Missale, Alberto Masotto, Gerardo Nardone, Antonio Colecchia, Mauro Bernardi, Franco Trevisani, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Dichotomous models like Milan Criteria represent the routinely used tools for predicting the outcome of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, a paradigm shift from a dichotomous to continuous prognostic stratification should represent a good strategy for improving the prediction process. Recently, the tumor burden score (TBS) has been proposed for selecting patients with colorectal liver metastases. To date, TBS has not been validated in a large HCC population...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352393/eco-friendly-pheromone-dispensers-a-green-route-to-manage-the-european-grapevine-moth
#13
Andrea Lucchi, Edith Ladurner, Andrea Iodice, Francesco Savino, Renato Ricciardi, Francesca Cosci, Giuseppe Conte, Giovanni Benelli
The development of environmentally sustainable control strategies to fight insect pests is a key challenge nowadays. Pheromone-mediated mating disruption (MD) is based on the release of synthetic sex attractants into a crop, interfering with mate finding of a given pest species. However, a limited number of research items have been published on the optimization of MD strategies against the European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana, as well as on the use of biodegradable dispensers to reduce waste production in vineyards, despite the high economic importance of this pest...
January 19, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352315/correction-musicians-have-better-memory-than-nonmusicians-a-meta-analysis
#14
Francesca Talamini, Gianmarco Altoè, Barbara Carretti, Massimo Grassi
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0186773.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352174/mechanical-phenotyping-of-k562-cells-by-the-micropipette-aspiration-technique-allows-identifying-mechanical-changes-induced-by-drugs
#15
Alessandro Di Cerbo, Valentina Rubino, Francesca Morelli, Giuseppina Ruggiero, Rosaria Landi, Gianandrea Guidetti, Sergio Canello, Giuseppe Terrazzano, Andrea Alessandrini
Mechanical properties of living cells can be used as reliable markers of their state, such as the presence of a pathological state or their differentiation phase. The mechanical behavior of cells depends on the organization of their cytoskeletal network and the main contribution typically comes from the actomyosin contractile system, in both suspended and adherent cells. In the present study, we investigated the effect of a pharmaceutical formulation (OTC - Ossitetraciclina liquida 20%) used as antibiotic, on the mechanical properties of K562 cells by using the Micropipette Aspiration Technique (MAT)...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351134/carotid-doppler-sonography-additional-tool-to-assess-hemodynamic-improvement-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#16
Valeria Cammalleri, Francesco Romeo, Massimo Marchei, Andrea Anceschi, Gianluca Massaro, Saverio Muscoli, Francesca De Persis, Massimiliano Macrini, Gian P Ussia
PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to assess the arterial cerebral blood flow variations in patients with aortic valve stenosis, immediately after the transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). METHODS: The study population includes 62 consecutive patients who underwent TAVI for aortic valve stenosis (95%) and sugical bioprosthesis degeneration (5%). Carotid Doppler examination was performed recording blood flow, systolic peak velocity, time average mean velocity and mean acceleration time at baseline, after balloon aortic valvuloplasty, and within 10 min after the device release...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351076/parasites-in-stray-dogs-from-italy-prevalence-risk-factors-and-management-concerns
#17
Claudio De Liberato, Federica Berrilli, Livio Odorizi, Roberto Scarcella, Marco Barni, Cristina Amoruso, Alessia Scarito, Margherita Montalbano Di Filippo, Andrea Carvelli, Francesca Iacoponi, Paola Scaramozzino
Parasites are among the most common pathogens recorded in dogs. High prevalence rates are usually reported in stray and shelter dogs, as these animals are less likely to be tested and treated. In this study a survey was carried out on intestinal and lung parasites of stray dogs at the moment of the admission in a shelter in Central Italy. In the period June 2014-June 2015, 262 individual faecal samples were examined. Twelve parasitic taxa were detected. Helminths were more prevalent than protozoa (61.8% and 25...
March 26, 2018: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350673/glyphosate-ingestion-causing-multiple-organ-failure-a-near-fatal-case-report
#18
Edoardo Picetti, Michela Generali, Francesca Mensi, Giampaolo Neri, Roberta Damia, Giuseppe Lippi, Gianfranco Cervellin
A 55 years old man self-presented to our Emergency Department (ED) reporting an attempted suicide by cutting the left forearm veins and ingesting approximately 200 mL of an herbicide (Myrtos®, containing 36% of glyphosate as isopropylamine salt). Laboratory tests showed metabolic acidosis. Hydration with normal saline and alkalinization with sodium bicarbonate was started according to suggestion of the poison control center, since an antidote was unavailable. Cardiorespiratory condition gradually worsened, so that non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) was applied and infusion of fluids was established...
January 16, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350637/clinical-utility-of-eco-color-power-doppler-ultrasonography-and-contrast-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-interpretation-and-quantification-of-joint-synovitis-a-review
#19
Marina Carotti, Vittoria Galeazzi, Francesca Catucci, Marcello Zappia, Francesco Arrigoni, Antonio Barile, Andrea Giovagnoni
With the introduction of new biologics such as anti-TNF-alpha antibodies and other therapies in the treatment of inflammatory arthritis, capable of halting joint destruction and functional disability, there are new pressures on diagnostic and prognostic imaging. Early demonstration of pre-erosive inflammatory features and monitoring of the long-term effects of treatment are becoming increasingly important. Early detection of synovitis offers advantages in terms of allowing early instigation of therapy and may allow the identification of those patients displaying more aggressive disease who might benefit from early intervention with expensive DMARD therapy...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350561/recent-past-present-and-future-of-the-food-microbiome
#20
Francesca De Filippis, Eugenio Parente, Danilo Ercolini
Sequencing technologies have deeply changed our approach to the study of food microbial communities. This review describes recent exploitations of high-throughput sequencing applications to improve our knowledge of food microbial consortia. In the past 10 years, target amplicon sequencing has become routinely used in many food microbiology laboratories, providing a detailed picture of food-associated microbiota. Metagenomics and metatranscriptomics approaches are still underexploited in food microbial ecology, despite their potential to uncover the functionality of complex communities...
January 18, 2018: Annual Review of Food Science and Technology
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