keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Labor & delivery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049070/noninfectious-fever-in-the-near-term-pregnant-rat-induces-fetal-brain-inflammation-a-model-for-the-consequences-of-epidural-associated-maternal-fever
#1
Scott Segal, Carlo Pancaro, Iwona Bonney, James E Marchand
BACKGROUND: Women laboring with epidural analgesia experience fever much more frequently than do women who chose other forms of analgesia, and maternal intrapartum fever is associated with numerous adverse consequences, including brain injury in the fetus. We developed a model of noninfectious inflammatory fever in the near-term pregnant rat to simulate the pathophysiology of epidural-associated fever and hypothesized that it would produce fetal brain inflammation. METHODS: Twenty-four pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were studied at 20 days gestation (term: 22 days)...
October 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043436/cervical-dilation-balloon-combined-with-intravenous-drip-of-oxytocin-for-induction-of-term-labor-a-multicenter-clinical-trial
#2
Xueqin Wu, Chunxiang Wang, Yufang Li, Chunmei Ouyang, Jiaying Liao, Weibin Cai, Yilei Zhong, Jianping Zhang, Hui Chen
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness and safety of a method combining double-balloon catheter for cervical ripening and intravenous drip of oxytocin on the induction of term labor, providing the reference for clinical safety. METHODS: A total of 120 pregnant women with a gestation between 37(+0) and  41(+6) weeks, indications of labor induction, singleton pregnancy with cephalic presentation were enrolled. The patients were divided into the research group receiving cervical dilation balloon combined with intravenous drip of oxytocin and the control group receiving an intravenous drip of oxytocin at a concentration of 0...
October 17, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042802/utilization-of-fetal-fibronectin-testing-and-pregnancy-outcomes-among-women-with-symptoms-of-preterm-labor
#3
Sean C Blackwell, Erin M Sullivan, Allison A Petrilla, Xian Shen, Kathleen A Troeger, James D Byrne
OBJECTIVES: To identify pregnant health plan members triaged through the emergency department (ED), including labor and delivery (ELD) units, with symptoms of preterm labor (PTL), and evaluate the use of fetal fibronectin (fFN) testing; and to calculate the rate of hospitalization and timing of delivery in relation to the ED visit. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study using Medical Outcomes Research for Effectiveness and Economics Registry(®), a national multipayer claims database...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041923/fetal-heart-rate-abnormalities-during-and-after-external-cephalic-version-which-fetuses-are-at-risk-and-how-are-they-delivered
#4
Simone M Kuppens, Ida Smailbegovic, Saskia Houterman, Ingrid de Leeuw, Tom H Hasaart
BACKGROUND: Fetal heart rate abnormalities (FHR) during and after external cephalic version (ECV) are relatively frequent. They may raise concern about fetal wellbeing. Only occasionally they may lead to an emergency cesarean section. METHODS: Prospective cohort study in 980 women (> 34 weeks gestation) with a singleton fetus in breech presentation. During and after external cephalic version (ECV) FHR abnormalities were recorded. Obstetric variables and delivery outcome were evaluated...
October 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037561/repeated-pregnancy-with-concomitant-presence-of-ovarian-teratoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Liang-Hsuan Chen, Shuenn-Dhy Chang, Hong-Yuan Huang, Hsin-Shih Wang, Yung-Kuei Soong, Hsien-Ming Wu
OBJECTIVE: Benign mature teratoma during pregnancy is common, mostly discovered incidentally by antenatal sonography. However, repeated pregnancy coincident with ovarian mature teratoma is rarely reported. The cases of teratoma with rapid growing characteristics are even more unique. CASE REPORT: A 17-year-old woman was pregnant at 6 weeks of gestation with a left ovarian teratoma. She underwent artificial abortion followed by surgical removal of the teratoma. However, eleven years after the surgery, a right ovarian teratoma was found incidentally by antepartum sonography at 21 weeks of gestation...
October 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037483/new-labor-management-guidelines-and-changes-in-cesarean-delivery-patterns
#6
Joshua I Rosenbloom, Molly J Stout, Methodius G Tuuli, Candice L Woolfolk, Julia D López, George A Macones, Alison G Cahill
BACKGROUND: In 2010 the Consortium on Safe Labor published labor curves. It was proposed that the rate of cesarean delivery (CD) could be lowered by avoiding the diagnosis of arrest of dilation before 6 cm. However, there is little information on the uptake of the guidelines and on changes in CD rates that may have occurred. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypotheses that: 1) among patients laboring at term, rates of arrest of dilation disorders have decreased leading to a decrease in the rate of CD; 2) in the second stage, pushing duration prior to diagnosis of arrest of descent has increased also leading to reduction in the rate of CD for this indication...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037175/a-ten-year-study-of-midwife-led-care-at-an-austrian-tertiary-care-center-a-retrospective-analysis-with-special-consideration-of-perineal-trauma
#7
Barbara Bodner-Adler, Oliver Kimberger, Julia Griebaum, Peter Husslein, Klaus Bodner
BACKGROUND: In contrast to other countries, Austria rarely offers alternative models to medical led-care. In an attempt to improve the facilities, a midwife-led care service was incorporated within the Department of Obstetrics and Fetomaternal Medicine. The aim of the present study was to analyze the maternal and neonatal outcomes of this approach. METHODS: Over a 10-years period, a total of 2123 low-risk women receiving midwife-led care were studied. Among these women, 148 required obstetric referral...
October 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037097/obstetrical-and-neonatal-outcomes-of-pregnancies-complicated-by-endometriosis
#8
Anat Shmueli, Lina Salman, Liran Hiersch, Eran Ashwal, Eran Hadar, Arnon Wiznitzer, Yariv Yogev, Amir Aviram
OBJECTIVE: Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial-like tissue outside the uterus, associated with pelvic pain and subfertility, affecting 0.6-10% of the general female population. The association between endometriosis and obstetrical outcomes is not well established. We aimed to evaluate whether endometriosis is associated with a higher incidence of obstetrical and neonatal complications. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of all deliveries in a university-affiliated tertiary hospital (2007-2014)...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036203/cooling-the-lower-abdomen-to-reduce-postpartum-blood-loss-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Yuko Masuzawa, Yaeko Kataoka, Saki Nakamura, Yukari Yaju
BACKGROUND: Cooling the lower abdomen is one of the Japanese traditional non-pharmacological prophylactic managements for postpartum hemorrhage. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of cooling the lower abdomen in reducing postpartum blood loss compared with no intervention. In both cases, women delivered vaginally without prophylactic oxytocin in the third stage of labor. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, the lower abdomen was cooled by placement of an 8...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034765/assessment-of-maternal-cerebral-blood-flow-velocity-by-transcranial-doppler-ultrasound-before-delivery-and-in-the-early-postpartum-period
#10
Hale Z Batur Caglayan, Bijen Nazliel, Mehmet Cinar, Esra Ataoglu, Ozlem Moraloglu, Ceyla Irkec
OBJECTIVE: This prospective observational study aimed to identify the effects of labor on cerebral hemodynamics by measuring the middle cerebral artery (MCA) blood flow velocity by transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD), and the related factors just before delivery and within the 24 h after delivery. METHODS: The study included 35 healthy pregnant women with a gestational age of >37 weeks who were in labor and a control group including healthy, age-matched, nonpregnant women (n = 24)...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033994/effect-of-dates-in-late-pregnancy-on-the-duration-of-labor-in-nulliparous-women
#11
Masoumeh Kordi, Fatemeh Aghaei Meybodi, Fatemeh Tara, Farzaneh Rashidi Fakari, Mohsen Nemati, Mohammadtaghi Shakeri
BACKGROUND: Long-term delivery is an important significant issue which is associated with mortality and fetal and maternal disorders. Based on the previous studies, consumption of dates affects uterine contractions and duration of delivery processes. This study aimed to study the effect of date consumption in late pregnancy on the duration of delivery processes in nulliparous women in 2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted among 182 nulliparous women 18-35 years who presented to OmAlBanin Hospital in Mashhad in 2013...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033728/anesthesia-in-pregnancy-with-heart-disease
#12
REVIEW
Ankur Luthra, Ritika Bajaj, Anudeep Jafra, Kiran Jangra, V K Arya
Management of pregnant women with heart disease remains challenging due to the advancement of innovations in cardiac surgery and correction of complex cardiac anomalies, and more recently, with the successful performance of heart transplants, cardiac diseases are not only likely to coexist with pregnancy, but will also increase in frequency over the years to come. In developing countries with a higher prevalence of rheumatic fever, cardiac disease may complicate as many as 5.9% of pregnancies with a high incidence of maternal death...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033614/fusion-of-lower-limbs-with-severe-urogenital-malformation-in-a-newborn-a-rare-congenital-clinical-syndrome-case-report
#13
Fatemah Al Hadhoud, Abeer H Kamal, Abdulmohsen Al Anjari, Michael Fe Diejomaoh
BACKGROUND: Fused lower limbs combined with severe urogenital malformation, also known as sirenomelia, is a rare congenital clinical syndrome. The etiology is unknown, and the outcome for the affected fetus is rather uncertain. CASE REPORT: Mrs RB, a Kuwaiti woman primigravida, married to a non-consanguineous husband, had uneventful antenatal care in a private health service, until she was admitted to the Maternity Hospital, Kuwait, at 31 weeks of gestation with a 3-hour history of ruptured membranes...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029553/systematic-review-of-costs-and-effects-of-self-management-interventions-for-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-spotlight-on-analytic-perspective-and-outcomes-assessment
#14
REVIEW
Marian J Hernon, Amanda M Hall, James F O'Mahony, Charles Normand, Deirdre A Hurley
Background: Evidence for the cost-effectiveness of self-management interventions for chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP) lacks consensus, which may be due to variability in the costing methods employed. Purpose: The purposes of the study were to identify how costs and effects have been assessed in economic analysis of self-management interventions for CMP and to identify the effect of the chosen analytical perspective on cost-effectiveness conclusions. Data Sources: Five databases were searched for all study designs using relevant terms...
October 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026065/urethral-diverticulum-presenting-as-a-large-vaginal-mass-complicating-pregnancy-and-delivery
#15
Everett F Magann, Lisa S Newton, Susan A Barr
BACKGROUND A case report of urethral diverticulum complicating pregnancy is presented. The diagnosis and management are challenging because of the rare nature of this condition, the varied presentations and differential diagnoses, and the possibility of misdiagnosis. CASE REPORT A 25-year-old primigravida with scheduled induction of labor at 39 weeks gestation due to gestational diabetes mellitus presented for a routine antenatal appointment at 38 weeks and four days. On digital cervical examination, she was found to have a large semi-solid anterior vaginal mass, shown by trans-vaginal ultrasound to have a nearly solid appearance of a 5×7 cm mass with septation...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022924/listeriosis-in-pregnancy-under-diagnosis-despite-over-treatment
#16
Y Fouks, S Amit, A Many, A Haham, D Mandel, S Shinar
OBJECTIVE: To compare the symptomatology of pregnant women with suspected listeriosis to culture confirmed listeriosis. STUDY DESIGN: All cases of suspected and culture confirmed pregnancy-associated listeriosis from a single center were retrospectively reviewed assessing demographics, clinical, laboratory and pathological findings, and maternal, fetal and neonatal outcomes. RESULTS: Listeriosis was identified in seven patients, none of whom belonged to the 117 women with suspected listeriosis...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020827/the-frequency-and-clinical-significance-of-intra-amniotic-inflammation-in-twin-pregnancies-with-preterm-labor-and-intact-membranes
#17
Kyung Joon Oh, Joon-Seok Hong, Roberto Romero, Bo Hyun Yoon
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the frequency and clinical significance of intra-amniotic inflammation in twin pregnancies with preterm labor and intact membranes. STUDY DESIGN: Amniotic fluid (AF) was retrieved from both sacs in 90 twin gestations with preterm labor and intact membranes (gestational age between 20 and 34 6/7 weeks). Preterm labor was defined as the presence of painful regular uterine contractions, with a frequency of at least 2 every 10 min, requiring hospitalization...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019880/the-effect-of-water-immersion-delivery-on-the-strength-of-pelvic-floor-muscle-and-pelvic-floor-disorders-during-postpartum-period-an-experimental-study
#18
Yun Zhao, Mei Xiao, Fei Tang, Wan Tang, Heng Yin, Guo-Qiang Sun, Yin Lin, Yong Zhou, Yan Luo, Lu-Man Li, Zhi-Hua Tan
BACKGROUND: Water immersion delivery is a non-pharmacological approach to ease labor pain. This paper aims to investigate the effect of water immersion delivery on increasing strength of pelvic floor muscle (PFM) and relieving pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) during postpartum period. METHODS: A total of 2749 vaginal-delivery primiparas in postpartum 6-8 weeks were selected as research objects. Based on the modes of delivery, 600 patients were assigned into water immersion delivery group, 2149 were assigned into conventional delivery group...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016591/caesarean-section-during-second-stage-of-labor-in-a-tertiary-centre
#19
Padma Gurung, Sameer Malla, Sushma Lama, Anagha Malla, Alka Singh
BACKGROUND: There is an alarming rise in caesarean section leading to increased adverse outcomes for both the mother and fetus when compared with vaginal delivery. Within this increasing caesarean section rate, there is a concerning increase in the rate of second stage caesarean section. This study highlight the feto-maternal outcome of caesarean section in second stage of labour. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort review of all women with a singleton, cephalic fetus at term delivered by caesarean section in the second stage of labor between April 1, 2013 and March 30, 2017 at Patan Academy of Health Sciences...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016512/trial-of-labor-compared-with-cesarean-delivery-in-superobese-women
#20
Jennifer L Grasch, Jennifer L Thompson, J Michael Newton, Amy W Zhai, Sarah S Osmundson
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether labor compared with planned cesarean delivery is associated with increased maternal and neonatal morbidity. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all women with body mass indexes (BMIs) at delivery of 50 or greater delivering a live fetus at 34 weeks of gestation of greater between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2015. Pregnancies with multiple gestations and major fetal anomalies were excluded. The primary outcome was a composite of maternal and neonatal morbidity and was estimated to be 50% in superobese women based on institutional data...
October 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
keyword
keyword
116846
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"